CN204779058U - Compound wetland system of biological filter - Google Patents

Compound wetland system of biological filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204779058U
CN204779058U CN201520503862.6U CN201520503862U CN204779058U CN 204779058 U CN204779058 U CN 204779058U CN 201520503862 U CN201520503862 U CN 201520503862U CN 204779058 U CN204779058 U CN 204779058U
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ball
biopurification
water
layer
biological filter
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CN201520503862.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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张博鑫
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Beijing Rongdisheng Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Beijing Rongdisheng Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a compound wetland system of biological filter. This system is by constituting from last plant layer, soil horizon and immobilized microbe layer to setting gradually down, and wherein the front end on immobilized microbe layer has loaded the biological purification ball, has loaded in the rear end of biological purification ball and has built raw aggregate again, and the biological purification ball has high -efficient water purification microorganism with building to adhere to on the raw aggregate again, systematic front end transversely sets up the inlet tube, and water installations is connected to one side of inlet tube, in the opposite side of inlet tube inserts the biological purification ball, systematic rear end transversely sets up the outlet pipe, and the system outside is stretched out to one side of outlet pipe, and the opposite side of outlet pipe inserts to be built in the raw aggregate again. It is good that this system goes out water quality of water, and no mechanical power equipment is energy -concerving and environment -protective, can realize unmanned on duty, builds the utilization of raw aggregate again, has reached waste control by waste's purpose, and wetland area is little, can practice thrift a large amount of lands used, the system to organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus to get rid of the effect obvious, wide application prospect has.

Description

A kind of biological filter compound wet land system
Technical field
The utility model relates to Artificial Wetland Techniques field, particularly relates to a kind of biological filter compound wet land system.
Background technology
At present, China's municipal effluent focuses on mainly through building sewage work, and the technique of its routine is activated sludge process and biomembrance process.But there is construction in sewage work and running cost is high, and produce the mud being difficult in a large number dispose, the stench produced in treating processes can bring the deficiencies such as detrimentally affect to surrounding resident living environment.In order to solve this contradiction, in the urgent need to researching and developing the sewage on-site disposal techniques of economic environmental protection, low consumption and high energy.Artificial Wetland Techniques is exactly one of them, its principle is the ground similar with swampland by artificial construction and controlling run, mainly utilize soil, artificial dielectric, plant, the physics of microorganism, chemistry, biological triple synergy, to a kind of technology that sewage, mud process.But there is following shortcoming and defect in conventional manual's wetland at present: 1, floor space is large, needs enough land areas; 2, be subject to disease and pest impact, summer, the water surface easily grew a large amount of mosquitos and flies; 3, long-time running easily blocks; 4, generally there is ponding on surface, can only planting aquatic plants; 5, function singleness, only has and realizes hydrobiont landscape function.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of biological filter compound wet land system, native system effluent quality is good, mechanical power-equipment, energy-conserving and environment-protective, can realize unmanned, the utilization of building regeneration aggregate, reach the object of the treatment of wastes with processes of wastes against one another, wetland floor space is little, can save a large amount of land used, system is obvious to the removal effect of organism, nitrogen, phosphorus, has broad application prospects.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of biological filter compound wet land system, it is characterized in that: this system is made up of the layer of plants set gradually from top to bottom, pedosphere and immobilized microorganism layer, the front end of wherein said immobilized microorganism layer is filled with biopurification ball, be filled with building regeneration aggregate in the rear end of described biopurification ball, described biopurification ball and building regeneration aggregate are attached with efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism; The front end arranged transversely water inlet pipe of described system, the side of described water inlet pipe connects water feed apparatus, the opposite side of described water inlet pipe inserts in biopurification ball, the rear end arranged transversely rising pipe of described system, its exterior is stretched out in the side of described rising pipe, and the opposite side of described rising pipe inserts in building regeneration aggregate.
The filling length of described biopurification ball accounts for 1/4 of described system total length, and the filling length of described building regeneration aggregate accounts for 3/4 of described system total length.
The novel biological agent that described efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism is actinomycetes, sporeformer is main many strains living microorganism compound criteria.
Compared with prior art, the utility model at least has the following advantages:
By above-mentioned the technical solution of the utility model, system is disposed with layer of plants up and down, pedosphere and immobilized microorganism layer, a large amount of plants is evenly equipped with in layer of plants, plant root arrives internal system through pedosphere, the wetland medium of biopurification ball and building regeneration aggregate composition is provided with in immobilized microorganism layer, there is good adsorption effect, above-mentioned wetland dielectric surface adheres to the efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism of one deck simultaneously, immobilized microorganism technique of the present invention, substantially increase the decomposition removal effect to objectionable impurities and gas, and effluent quality is good, can stablize and reach surface water III class standard, non-power consumption, energy-conserving and environment-protective, mechanical equipment, can realize unmanned, achieve the recycling of building regeneration aggregate, reach the object of the treatment of wastes with processes of wastes against one another, there is good economic feasibility and wide application prospect, wetland floor space is few, is 40% of common artificial swamp, can saves a large amount of land used.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure schematic top plan view of a kind of biological filter compound wet land system that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the structural profile schematic diagram of a kind of biological filter compound wet land system that the utility model embodiment provides.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the utility model, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present utility model, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As Figure 1-Figure 2, for a kind of biological filter compound wet land system that the utility model embodiment proposes, this system is made up of the layer of plants 1 set gradually from top to bottom, pedosphere 2 and immobilized microorganism layer 3, wherein the front end of immobilized microorganism layer 3 is filled with biopurification ball 4, be filled with building regeneration aggregate 5 in the rear end of biopurification ball 4, biopurification ball 4 and building regeneration aggregate 5 are attached with efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism; The front end arranged transversely water inlet pipe 6 of system, the side of water inlet pipe 6 connects water feed apparatus, and the opposite side of water inlet pipe 6 inserts in biopurification ball 4, the rear end arranged transversely rising pipe 7 of system, its exterior is stretched out in the side of rising pipe 7, and the opposite side of rising pipe 7 inserts in building regeneration aggregate 5.
Preferably, the filling length of biopurification ball 4 accounts for 1/4 of system total length, and the filling length of building regeneration aggregate 5 accounts for 3/4 of system total length.
Preferably, efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism is actinomycetes, sporeformer is the novel biological agent of main many strains living microorganism compound criteria.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, using method of the present utility model is described below:
Biological filter of the present invention compound wet land system is the feed-water end filling department decomposing biological purifying ball at common horizontal-flow wetland, at biopurification ball rear end remainder filling building regeneration aggregate, immobilized microorganism technique is implemented to the building regeneration aggregate of biopurification ball and rear end simultaneously, elite efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism is fixed on selected carrier, and makes it fast, breed and keep bioactive biotechnology in a large number.During use, sewage flows into internal system from water inlet pipe, through the absorption of the precipitation of wetland, plant absorption, wetland medium and the effect of efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism, organism in sewage, nitrogen, phosphorus etc. are decomposed and removed, there is obviously decontamination effect improving, the water quality flowed out from rising pipe after process, can reach surface water III class standard.
The principle of work of the utility model system is as follows:
(1) to organic removal
Immobilized microorganism has stronger processing power to organism.Capacitive organism can not dammed to get off very soon by the precipitation of wetland and biofiltration from waste water, is used by microorganism; Dissolved organic matter is then removed by the absorption of microorganism and the metabolic process of microorganism, and in waste water, the organic final home to return to of major part is converted into microorganism cells and CO2 and H2O by heterotrophic microorganism.
(2) to the removal of nitrogen
In waste water, nitrogen is removed mainly through the nitration denitrification effect of plant absorption and microorganism, and wherein plant absorption only eliminates the nitrogen of sewage small portion, and in sewage, the removal of nitrogen has mainly been come by nitrated, the denitrification of immobilized microorganism.
(3) to the removal of phosphorus
The removal of wetland to phosphorus is plant absorption, microorganism is removed and the coefficient result in physics chemical action three aspect.Inorganic phosphorus in wastewater becomes the organic compositions such as ATP, DNA and RNA of plant under plant absorption and assimilation, is removed by the harvesting of plant.Physics chemical action comprises the chemical reaction of filler to the absorption of phosphorus and filler and phosphate anion.The removal of microorganism to phosphorus comprises them to the normal assimilation of phosphorus and the excess accumulation to phosphorus.
Compared with prior art, the utility model at least has the following advantages:
By above-mentioned the technical solution of the utility model, system is disposed with layer of plants up and down, pedosphere and immobilized microorganism layer, a large amount of plants is evenly equipped with in layer of plants, plant root arrives internal system through pedosphere, the wetland medium of biopurification ball and building regeneration aggregate composition is provided with in immobilized microorganism layer, there is good adsorption effect, above-mentioned wetland dielectric surface adheres to the efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism of one deck simultaneously, immobilized microorganism technique of the present invention, substantially increase the decomposition removal effect to objectionable impurities and gas, and effluent quality is good, can stablize and reach surface water III class standard, non-power consumption, energy-conserving and environment-protective, mechanical equipment, can realize unmanned, achieve the recycling of building regeneration aggregate, reach the object of the treatment of wastes with processes of wastes against one another, there is good economic feasibility and wide application prospect, wetland floor space is few, is 40% of common artificial swamp, can saves a large amount of land used.
The above; be only the utility model preferably embodiment; but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the utility model discloses; the change that can expect easily or replacement, all should be encompassed within protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with the protection domain of claims.

Claims (3)

1. a biological filter compound wet land system, it is characterized in that: this system is made up of the layer of plants set gradually from top to bottom, pedosphere and immobilized microorganism layer, the front end of wherein said immobilized microorganism layer is filled with biopurification ball, be filled with building regeneration aggregate in the rear end of described biopurification ball, described biopurification ball and building regeneration aggregate are attached with efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism; The front end arranged transversely water inlet pipe of described system, the side of described water inlet pipe connects water feed apparatus, the opposite side of described water inlet pipe inserts in biopurification ball, the rear end arranged transversely rising pipe of described system, its exterior is stretched out in the side of described rising pipe, and the opposite side of described rising pipe inserts in building regeneration aggregate.
2. biological filter as claimed in claim 1 compound wet land system, it is characterized in that: the filling length of described biopurification ball accounts for 1/4 of described system total length, the filling length of described building regeneration aggregate accounts for 3/4 of described system total length.
3. biological filter as claimed in claim 1 compound wet land system, is characterized in that: the novel biological agent that described efficient purifying water micrcxDrganism is actinomycetes, sporeformer is main many strains living microorganism compound criteria.
CN201520503862.6U 2015-07-13 2015-07-13 Compound wetland system of biological filter Active CN204779058U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105481103A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-04-13 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 Refuse recycled novel biological aggregate special for wet land and preparation method thereof
CN105670907A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 广东顺德净土乐农业环保科技发展有限公司 Soil enzyme preparation device
CN106006997A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-10-12 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 Sewage ecological water-purification system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105481103A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-04-13 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 Refuse recycled novel biological aggregate special for wet land and preparation method thereof
CN105670907A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-06-15 广东顺德净土乐农业环保科技发展有限公司 Soil enzyme preparation device
CN106006997A (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-10-12 北京荣蒂盛环境科技有限公司 Sewage ecological water-purification system

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