A kind of pair roller type stalk forming all-in-one
The utility model relates to stalk processing technique field, particularly a kind of pair roller type stalk forming all-in-one.
For global energy shortage and problem of environmental pollution, biomass energy, as a kind of regenerative resource, is subject to the attention of countries in the world day by day.Along with the development of agricultural production, China is since the eighties in 20th century, and grain yield significantly improves, and stalk quantity is also many, in addition the popularization of firewood-saving and coal-saving technology, burns coal and uses the universal of liquefied gas, makes there is a large amount of stalk more than needed in rural area.
As everyone knows, crop straw burning pollutes the environment, and improve service efficiency and the scope of application of living beings, the problem of the environmental pollution caused directly is burned in more effective minimizing simultaneously, has become the problem of people's research now.
Recycling equipment the reaching its maturity of stalk, but mostly existing be forming machine for straw, forming machine for straw is a kind of plant equipment that the raw material pulverizing such as stalk can be pressed into fuel or feed, directly hauls, because the large quantization of stalk after by straw compressing and forming, be unfavorable for storage like this, and the space that haul takies is large, running often, causes the waste of resource, and can cause because of indivedual stalk body defective when storing and go mouldy in a large number, cause damage.And its build of the stalk block making machine used in the market is huge, complex structure, manufacturing cost is higher.After pulverizing is pressed into feed, its pressing result is undesirable, and energy consumption is large, low in economic efficiency, is not suitable for promoting the use of.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is comparatively large in order to solve present stage forming machine for straw volume, and the raw material after production and processing is not easy to the shortcoming stored, and a kind of pair roller type stalk forming all-in-one proposed.
To achieve these goals, the utility model have employed following technical scheme:
A kind of pair roller type stalk forming all-in-one, comprise stalk crasher, it is characterized in that: to be connected forming room at the discharging opening of described stalk crasher, the format roll that two axis are parallel to each other is provided with in described forming room, each format roll is equipped with one group of groove, the mutual corresponding matching of groove on two format rolls, the first motor is provided with in the outside of forming room, described first motor connects into forming roll by transmission device, makes two format rolls relatively rotate under the drive of described first motor.
On the basis of technique scheme, following further technical scheme can be had:
To be connected discharge chamber at the discharging opening of described forming room, in described discharge chamber, connect driver plate by the first rotating shaft, the discharge port corresponding matching of described driver plate and discharge chamber, described first rotating shaft connects the second motor.
Described format roll comprises the second rotating shaft, and the second rotating shaft is fixed by socket shaping nylon roller, and shaping nylon roller is provided with groove, and described forming room is stretched out in the side of described second rotating shaft, and the second rotating shaft outside forming room connects described transmission device.
Described groove is hemispherical or square structure.
Be connected in the upside of described forming room a cutting plate, uniform one group of through hole on described cutting plate, in the middle of cutting plate, connect a material separating disc.
Described material separating disc is a pyramidal structure, and its summit is arranged on the upside of described cutting plate, also uniform one group of deflector chute on the lateral surface of material separating disc.
Be equipped with in the upside of each described format roll one with the pony press of its corresponding matching, uniform group leader's groove in the outside of described pony press, each described long recess is all arranged along the bus of pony press, and pony press is socketed the driven gear be meshed with corresponding driving gear.
Described pony press comprises the 3rd rotating shaft, the 3rd rotating shaft is fixed by socket precompressed nylon roller, precompressed nylon roller is provided with long recess, and described forming room is stretched out in the side of described 3rd rotating shaft, and the 3rd rotating shaft outside forming room is socketed described driven gear.
Uniform one group of hairbrush, hairbrush and described groove corresponding matching on described pony press.
Described forming room is logical tubular construction.
The utility model has the advantage of: this device adopts existing pulverizer by after crushing material, carry out processing and forming, material forming is made by two format roll extruding, without the need to heating material, its good forming effect is to material wide adaptability, reasonable in design, simple, stable performance, its practicality is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is basic structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the side view that format roll and pony press coordinate.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the utility model clearly understand, describe in detail this device below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and is not used in restriction the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of pair roller type stalk forming all-in-one that the utility model provides, comprise stalk crasher 1, described stalk crasher 1 adopts prior art, it comprises housing 22, a loading hopper 28 is connected in the upside of housing 22, the 3rd motor 29 is also connected in the upside of housing 22, the output shaft of described 3rd motor 29 is fixedly connected with the 3rd rotating shaft 30 by shaft coupling, described 3rd rotating shaft 30 is fixed by socket two scrapers 26 and two sleeves 24 respectively, described two scrapers 26 and two sleeve 24 intervals are arranged, each sleeve 24 all connects one group of cutting knife 25, moving knife 27 is also provided with in housing 22.
To be connected forming room 7 at the discharging opening of described stalk crasher 1, described forming room 7 is circular logical tubular construction, described forming room 7 is vertically arranged, for charging aperture, downside are discharging opening on the upside of it, be connected near gating location place a cutting plate 20 in forming room 7, described cutting plate 20 is a disc structure, uniform one group of through hole on described cutting plate 20.In the middle of cutting plate 20, connect a material separating disc 21, described material separating disc 21 is a pyramidal structure, and its summit is arranged on the upside of described cutting plate 20, also uniform one group of deflector chute 21a on the lateral surface of material separating disc 21.The material entering forming room 7 can be uniformly distributed blanking by cutting plate 20.
The format roll 12 that two axis are parallel to each other is provided with in forming room 7 on the downside of described cutting plate 20, described format roll 12 comprises the second rotating shaft 18, second rotating shaft 18 is fixed by socket shaping nylon roller, shaping nylon roller is provided with groove 12a, described groove 12a is hemispherical or square structure, this programme is preferably hemispherical dome structure, and on described two format rolls 12, corresponding groove 12a forms a whole spheroid after coordinating.
The both sides of described second rotating shaft 18 are all fixed in described forming room 7 by bearing block 14, and each described bearing block 14 is all arranged on the outside of forming room 7, and be all connected in the outside of each bearing block 14 cover plate 15.The same side of two described second rotating shafts 18 all stretches out described forming room 7, and the second rotating shaft 18 outside forming room 7 is fixed by socket driving gear 10.
Shown in composition graphs 2, be equipped with in the upside of each described format roll 12 one with the pony press 13 of its corresponding matching, the diameter of pony press 13 is less than the diameter of format roll 12, described pony press 13 is while playing the effect of precompressed raw material, also play a raw material inwardly to hold together, raw material is fallen between two format rolls 12.Described pony press 13 comprises the 3rd rotating shaft 19, the 3rd rotating shaft 19 is fixed by socket precompressed nylon roller, precompressed nylon roller is provided with long recess 13a, each described long recess 13a all with corresponding described groove 12a corresponding matching.Each described long recess 13a is all arranged along the bus of pony press 13, and the 3rd rotating shaft 19 is socketed the driven gear 11 be meshed with corresponding driving gear 10.Described forming room 7 is stretched out in the side of described 3rd rotating shaft 19, and the 3rd rotating shaft 19 outside forming room 7 is socketed described driven gear 11.All right uniform one group of hairbrush on described pony press 13, hairbrush and described groove 12a corresponding matching, for clearing up the raw material in corresponding recesses 12a.
Two the first motors 8 are provided with in the outside of forming room 7, each described first motor 8 all connects into forming roll 12 by a transmission device 9, under the drive of described first motor 8, make two format rolls 12 relatively rotate, described transmission device 9 adopts the drive mechanism of belt and the belt pulley matched.
To be connected discharge chamber 4 at the discharging opening of described forming room 7, described discharge chamber 4 is a tubular structure with opening, and the side below discharge chamber 4 is provided with a discharge port 4a.Driver plate 6 is connected by the first rotating shaft 3 in described discharge chamber 4, described first rotating shaft 3 is vertically arranged, described driver plate 6 is platy structure, the discharge port 4a corresponding matching of described driver plate 6 and discharge chamber 4, under the stirring of driver plate 6, material is transferred to from discharge port 4a, and described first rotating shaft 3 is driven by the second motor 2 and connects, and described second motor 2 is arranged on the below of discharge chamber 4.
During work, under the driving of the first motor 8, two format rolls 12 rotate with the direction that identical speed is contrary, material after pulverizing enters forming room 7 continuously, first through the precompressed process of pony press 13 and format roll 12, form certain downward propulsive force, material falls between two format rolls 12, now material is subject to the frictional force that produces between material and format roll 12, by the shearing force produced when operating to format roll 12 and the synergy to the mutual extruding force produced in format roll 12 operation process, volume compresses, running roller rotates continuously, ball-and-socket closes gradually, briquetting pressure increases gradually, reach maximum when turning to two groove 12a apart from briquetting pressure time minimum.Then format roll 12 rotates and groove 12a is separated gradually, and briquetting pressure reduces thereupon.When briquetting pressure reduces to zero, compressing type ball expansion drop in, complete the whole process of material compression.