CN204754888U - Oil puming machine - Google Patents

Oil puming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204754888U
CN204754888U CN201520507692.9U CN201520507692U CN204754888U CN 204754888 U CN204754888 U CN 204754888U CN 201520507692 U CN201520507692 U CN 201520507692U CN 204754888 U CN204754888 U CN 204754888U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
pulley
overhead traveling
traveling crane
oil pumper
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520507692.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙玉辉
Original Assignee
孙玉辉
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Priority to CN201520507692.9U priority Critical patent/CN204754888U/en
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Publication of CN204754888U publication Critical patent/CN204754888U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an oil puming machine, including hydraulic pump, base, stationary mast on the base, fix the upper end stable equilibrium overhead traveling crane of organic case, stand on the stand, the quick -witted incasement of balanced overhead traveling crane below sets gradually assembly pulley, elasticity energy memory, hydraulic jack, the assembly pulley includes multiunit fixed pulley and multiunit movable pulley, also set up the multiunit fixed pulley in the balanced overhead traveling crane, cable wire one end is passed through the polished rod eye and is connected with the sucker rod, the other one end of cable wire loops through fixed pulley and assembly pulley solderless wrapped connection in the balanced overhead traveling crane, elasticity energy memory's lower part and hydraulic jack's piston butt, hydraulic jack is by the hydraulic pump drive. The utility model has the advantages that: the reciprocal technique of hydraulic replaces rotatory reciprocal technique, and safe and reliable, every machine power consumption of light in weight only 3.0kw just can reach work load 30 tons the highest, need not set up high -pressure cable and installation transformer in addition.

Description

A kind of oil pumper
Technical field
The utility model relates to petrochemical equipment field, is a kind of oil pumper specifically.
Background technology
Existing oil pumper is all generally utilize rotate speed change and install Balance Iron counterweight additional to realize reciprocating oil pumper, the shortcoming of this kind of oil pumper is that power consumption is high, not environmentally, need high-power electrical distribution system, must possess high voltage power power supply and transformer to realize electrical source of power support, motor needs power bracket between 30-75kw.Every platform machine (well) needs the Electricity Investment of nearly 1,000,000 yuan.This kind of type is installed inconvenient, and deadweight just has nearly 40 tons, and need heavy truck to transport and configuration crane, tens people construct and could install.Need the civil works system of giving in advance and construction, the general time needing one month, operating expenses, about 200,000, tens people to complete.This kind of type is located at the high prefabricated seat stand installation of 1.5m, and equipment footing stock bolt is fixed, and under bar situation is broken in conditions down-hole sudden change and sucker rod, oil pumper damages with regard to overturning and causes serious production accident.Operative employee could operate after needing 2 people to work good when starting and shut down simultaneously, coordinates bad just dangerous, operative employee is killed or interrupt limbs accident often to occur.This kind of type also has injury to periphery other people, drove.Child play or drove etc. also often heavy extremely stable by several tons of reprovisions rotated, or health to be cut off.Case is a lot.In addition, prior art installation and maintenance is inconvenient, and during construction, danger is large, potential safety hazard is many, and easily overturn, operative employee one people can not safeguard.Heavy rain weather driving belt skids, machine cisco unity malfunction.Winter oil easily condenses, and start difficulty occurs to slow down and motor breaking axis.
Utility model content
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of oil pumper, and concrete technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of oil pumper, comprise Hydraulic pump, base, vertical columns on described base, described column is fixed with cabinet, stable equilibrium overhead traveling crane is fixed in the upper end of column; Assembly pulley, elastic energy storage device, hydraulic jack is set gradually in cabinet below described balance overhead traveling crane;
Described assembly pulley comprises many group fixed pulleys and organizes movable pulley more, and also arrange in described balance overhead traveling crane and organize fixed pulley more, cable wire one end is connected with sucker rod by polished rod eye; Other one end of cable wire is successively by the fixed pulley in balance overhead traveling crane and assembly pulley solderless wrapped connection, and described wrapping system is the bottom solderless wrapped connection that cable wire walks around successively with movable pulley after the fixed pulley be fixed on inside cabinet, and the termination of cable wire is fixed on the consolidation device on cabinet; Described movable pulley is fixed by support plate, and the axle center of movable pulley vertically point-blank; Described support plate is fixed on the top of elastic energy storage device; The described bottom of elastic energy storage device abuts with the piston of hydraulic jack; Described hydraulic jack is driven by Hydraulic pump;
Described elastic energy storage device comprises spring, and the upper end of described spring is fixed in frame; Described ring spring is around drive link, and the upper end of described drive link is connected with support plate, and lower end abuts with the piston of hydraulic jack.
The lower end socket end cap of described drive link, the diameter of described end cap is greater than the external diameter of spring; Described drive link bared end cap portion arranges screw thread, described screw thread and nut screw connection, and described nut abuts with end cap.
Also comprise tilting gearing, described tilting gearing comprises inclination jack, and the jacking bracket on one end of described inclination jack and base is coupling, and one end and cabinet are coupling in addition; Bottom and the base of described column are coupling.
Described Hydraulic pump, comprises the pump housing, motor, it is characterized in that: motor driving pinion, and pinion engages with gear wheel; Gear wheel and main shaft are coaxially fixed; Main shaft is fixed by the rolling bearing of above the pump housing and below; Slant face disc is fixed on main shaft; The bottom surface of the pump housing is evenly fixedly installed and organizes plunger displacement pump more; Arrange sliding cap above the piston of described plunger displacement pump, the below of sliding cap arranges restoring spring; Described sliding cap abuts with the below of slant face disc; The oil inlet pipe of described plunger displacement pump is communicated with the oil storage tank of below; The flowline of described plunger displacement pump is communicated with total flowline; Described total flowline arranges pressure limiting valve and pressure meter.
The gear ratio of pinion and gear wheel is 1:3-5.
The roller bearing shop of slant face disc and described top arranges plane bearing, and slant face disc abuts with described plane bearing.
Between slant face disc and sliding cap, plane bearing is set.
Described sliding cap shaped is hemisphere.
The quantity of described plunger displacement pump is 8 groups, is uniformly distributed.
The utility model has the advantages that:
Fluid power replaces rotation toward recovering technology toward recovering technology, safe and reliable, lightweight; Move both vertically and replace horizontal motion, reduce space, save power source, safety.The power consumption of existing walking beam, vertical oil-pumping machine is high, and oil pumper is suitable for operate power between 22-30kw, separately joins 45KVA power transformer and high-tension line, expropriation of land stringing, installs a series of activities such as electric power, increase-volume, need nearly 1,000,000 yuan of cost.New pumping unit of the present utility model, every platform machine power consumption only has 3.0kw just can reach the live load of the highest 30 tons, and does not need erection high voltage cable and install transformer.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Hydraulic pump;
Fig. 3 is the position view of slant face disc and plunger displacement pump;
Fig. 4 is elastic energy storage apparatus structure schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Illustrate the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the utility model comprises Hydraulic pump 43, base 23, and described column 32 is fixed with cabinet 38 to vertical columns 32 on described base 23, and stable equilibrium overhead traveling crane 34 is fixed in the upper end of column 32; Assembly pulley, elastic energy storage device 37, hydraulic jack 24 is set gradually in cabinet 38 below described balance overhead traveling crane 34;
Described assembly pulley comprises many group fixed pulleys 35 and many group movable pulley 36, and also arrange many group fixed pulleys 35 in described balance overhead traveling crane 34, cable wire 30 one end is connected with sucker rod 28 by polished rod eye 39; Other one end of cable wire 30 is successively by the fixed pulley 35 in balance overhead traveling crane 34 and assembly pulley solderless wrapped connection, described wrapping system is after cable wire 30 walks around the fixed pulley 35 be fixed on inside cabinet 38 successively and the bottom solderless wrapped connection of movable pulley 36, and the termination of cable wire 30 is fixed on the consolidation device 44 on cabinet; Described movable pulley 36 is fixed by support plate 31, and the axle center of movable pulley 36 vertically point-blank; Described support plate 31 is fixed on the top of elastic energy storage device 37; The bottom of described elastic energy storage device 37 abuts with the piston of hydraulic jack 24; Described hydraulic jack 24 is driven by Hydraulic pump 43.
Described elastic energy storage device 37 comprises spring 371, and the upper end of described spring 371 is fixed in frame; Described spring 371 is around drive link 372, and the upper end of described drive link 372 is fixedly connected with movable pulley 36, and lower end abuts with the piston 241 of hydraulic jack 24.
The lower end socket end cap 373 of described drive link, the diameter of described end cap 373 is greater than the external diameter of spring 371; Described drive link 372 exposes end cap 373 part and arranges screw thread, and described screw thread coordinates with nut 374, and described nut 374 abuts with end cap 373.
For ease of maintenance, also comprise tilting gearing, described tilting gearing comprises inclination jack 39, and the jacking bracket 42 on one end of described inclination jack 39 and base 23 is coupling, and one end and cabinet 38 are coupling by axle 41 in addition; Bottom and the base 23 of described column 32 are coupling by column axle 40.
For strengthening the intensity of balance overhead traveling crane, being also provided with triangular mounting arm 33 and being fixed between column 32 and balance overhead traveling crane 34.
Described Hydraulic pump, comprises the pump housing 8, motor 1, motor 1 driving pinion 2, and pinion 2 engages with gear wheel 3; Gear wheel 3 and main shaft 21 are coaxially fixed; Main shaft 21 is fixed by top rolling bearing 5 and scrolls beneath bearing 16; Slant face disc 7 is fixed on main shaft 21; The bottom surface of the pump housing is evenly fixedly installed and organizes plunger displacement pump more; Arrange sliding cap 9 above the piston 11 of described plunger displacement pump, the below of sliding cap 9 arranges restoring spring 10; Described sliding cap 9 abuts with the below of slant face disc 7; The oil inlet pipe of described plunger displacement pump is communicated with the oil storage tank 22 of below; The flowline of described plunger displacement pump is communicated with total flowline 15; Petroleum pipeline 13 on described total flowline 15 is arranged pressure limiting valve 12 and pressure meter 14.
Pinion 2 is 1:3-5 with the gear ratio of gear wheel 3.
Slant face disc 7 and described top roller bearing shop arrange plane bearing 6, and slant face disc 7 abuts with described plane bearing 6.
Between slant face disc 7 and sliding cap, 9 arrange plane bearing.
Described sliding cap 9 shape is hemisphere.
The quantity of described plunger displacement pump is 8 groups, is uniformly distributed.
The import of described plunger displacement pump arranges spheroid 18, and described spheroid 18 only can move to plunges pump body direction; The exit of described plunger displacement pump arranges the second spheroid 20, second spheroid and abuts with limit spring 19; Described second spheroid can only move to away from plunges pump body direction; Hydraulic oil is exported by petroleum pipeline 13 by total flowline 15.The fuel feed hole place of plunger displacement pump arranges filter screen 17.
Principle of the present utility model is: the spring of elastic energy storage device 37 is fixed in frame; When hydraulic jack 24 is driven by Hydraulic pump 43, when hydraulic jack 24 drives movable pulley 36 to move upward by drive link 372, Compress Spring 371, when movable pulley 36 is downward from top dead centre, spring 371 releases energy, and drives movable pulley 36 to move downward; Because elastic energy storage device 37 drives movable pulley to move up and down; The amount of moving up and down of other one end of cable wire is directly proportional to the quantity of movable pulley 36, and then meets the range demands of plunger displacement pump 25 of bottom of oil rig 27, and the oil of extraction flows out from flowline 26;
The quantity of movable pulley can adjust according to the range demands of different plunger displacement pumps;
The principle of Hydraulic pump of the present utility model is;
Motor driving pinion, pinion drives gear wheel to rotate, gear wheel and main shaft coaxial rotation, and then drives slant face disc to rotate, and the sliding cap of plunger displacement pump presses down by the rotation of slant face disc successively, makes the outside pump oil of plunger displacement pump.The oil-out of each plunger displacement pump is connected to total flowline by flowline, and therefore, the pressure of total flowline is the pressure summation of each plunger displacement pump, and is regulated by pressure limiting valve and final go out oil pressure.
From above-mentioned principle, the utility model can adopt lower-powered motor to drive, thus save power source, do not need more electric power necessary resources, achieve energy-conserving and environment-protective.

Claims (9)

1. an oil pumper, is characterized in that: comprise Hydraulic pump, base, and described column is fixed with cabinet to vertical columns on described base, and stable equilibrium overhead traveling crane is fixed in the upper end of column; Assembly pulley, elastic energy storage device, hydraulic jack is set gradually in cabinet below described balance overhead traveling crane;
Described assembly pulley comprises many group fixed pulleys and organizes movable pulley more, and also arrange in described balance overhead traveling crane and organize fixed pulley more, cable wire one end is connected with sucker rod by polished rod eye; Other one end of cable wire is successively by the fixed pulley in balance overhead traveling crane and assembly pulley solderless wrapped connection, and described wrapping system is the bottom solderless wrapped connection that cable wire walks around successively with movable pulley after the fixed pulley be fixed on inside cabinet, and the termination of cable wire is fixed on the consolidation device on cabinet; Described movable pulley is fixed by support plate, and the axle center of movable pulley vertically point-blank; Described support plate is fixed on the top of elastic energy storage device; The described bottom of elastic energy storage device abuts with the piston of hydraulic jack; Described hydraulic jack is driven by Hydraulic pump;
Described elastic energy storage device comprises spring, and the upper end of described spring is fixed in frame; Described ring spring is around drive link, and the upper end of described drive link is connected with support plate, and lower end abuts with the piston of hydraulic jack.
2. oil pumper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise tilting gearing, described tilting gearing comprises inclination jack, and the jacking bracket on one end of described inclination jack and base is coupling, and one end and cabinet are coupling in addition; Bottom and the base of described column are coupling.
3. oil pumper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described Hydraulic pump, comprises the pump housing, motor, it is characterized in that: motor driving pinion, and pinion engages with gear wheel; Gear wheel and main shaft are coaxially fixed; Main shaft is fixed by the rolling bearing of above the pump housing and below; Slant face disc is fixed on main shaft; The bottom surface of the pump housing is evenly fixedly installed and organizes plunger displacement pump more; Arrange sliding cap above the piston of described plunger displacement pump, the below of sliding cap arranges restoring spring; Described sliding cap abuts with the below of slant face disc; The oil inlet pipe of described plunger displacement pump is communicated with the oil storage tank of below; The flowline of described plunger displacement pump is communicated with total flowline; Described total flowline arranges pressure limiting valve and pressure meter.
4. oil pumper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the lower end socket end cap of described drive link, and the diameter of described end cap is greater than the external diameter of spring; Described drive link bared end cap portion arranges screw thread, described screw thread and nut screw connection, and described nut abuts with end cap.
5. oil pumper according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the gear ratio of pinion and gear wheel is 1:3-5.
6. oil pumper according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the roller bearing shop of slant face disc and described top arranges plane bearing, and slant face disc abuts with described plane bearing.
7. oil pumper according to claim 3, is characterized in that: arrange plane bearing between slant face disc and sliding cap.
8. oil pumper according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described sliding cap shaped is hemisphere.
9. oil pumper according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the quantity of described plunger displacement pump is 8 groups, is uniformly distributed.
CN201520507692.9U 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Oil puming machine Expired - Fee Related CN204754888U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520507692.9U CN204754888U (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Oil puming machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520507692.9U CN204754888U (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Oil puming machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204754888U true CN204754888U (en) 2015-11-11

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520507692.9U Expired - Fee Related CN204754888U (en) 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 Oil puming machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204754888U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104989329A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-21 孙玉辉 Oil sucking machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104989329A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-21 孙玉辉 Oil sucking machine
CN104989329B (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-12-29 孙玉辉 A kind of oil pumper

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151111

Termination date: 20190714

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee