CN204753604U - A excavation supporting system for expanding soil district - Google Patents

A excavation supporting system for expanding soil district Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204753604U
CN204753604U CN201520402167.0U CN201520402167U CN204753604U CN 204753604 U CN204753604 U CN 204753604U CN 201520402167 U CN201520402167 U CN 201520402167U CN 204753604 U CN204753604 U CN 204753604U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel
girder
flexible barrier
barrier layers
excavation slope
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CN201520402167.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张辉
郅彬
梁迪
韩晓雷
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西安科技大学
信息产业部电子综合勘察研究院
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Priority to CN201520402167.0U priority Critical patent/CN204753604U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an excavation supporting system for expanding soil district, including laying the flexible barrier layer on the excavation slope and laying constraint layer on the flexible barrier layer, the constraint layer comprises crisscross the laying in a plurality of vertical constraint areas and a plurality of horizontal constraint area, crisscross the fixed mounting in vertical constraint area and horizontal constraint area passes flexible barrier layer just stretches into the soil nail of excavation slope. This excavation supporting system can be solved inflation soil matrix hole and meet the rainfall problem of soaking, still can solve the domatic rapid increase problem of afterexpansion power of soaking.

Description

A kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of foundation pit supporting system, specifically relates to a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area.

Background technology

Foundation pit supporting method is varied, and using more in swelled ground area is pile-anchor retaining, soil-nail wall support and prestress anchorage cable composite soil nailing wall.Expansive soil is the special soils of a kind of water-swellable, dehydration shrinkage, for soil nail wall and prestress anchorage cable composite soil nailing wall, after expansive soil foundation ditch meets water, expansion force increases a lot, but the existence of soil nailing node and the more weak these two aspects problem of connecting elements intensity thereof makes foundation ditch easily produce concrete pavement spalling, Foundation Pit wall shallow-layer slump destroys.Usually adopt pile-anchor retaining to replace soil-nail wall support for this problem at present, substantially increase construction costs, and also not yet have good solution to swelled ground area soil nail wall and prestress anchorage cable composite soil nailing wall Problems existing.Therefore seek a kind of swelled ground area foundation pit supporting method and just there is great engineering significance.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, provides a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area.This foundation pit supporting system effectively can solve expansive soil foundation ditch and meet rainfall leaching water problem, the problem that after can also solving domatic immersion, expansion force sharply increases.

For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, it is characterized in that: comprise the flexible barrier layers be laid on excavation slope and the bond course be laid in described flexible barrier layers, described bond course is laid staggeredly by multiple longitudinal restraining and multiple transverse beam ligature and forms, and the staggered place of described longitudinal restraining and transverse beam ligature is installed with through described flexible barrier layers and stretches into the soil nailing of excavation slope.

Above-mentioned a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, is characterized in that: be equipped with one deck steel mesh reinforcement between described flexible barrier layers and described bond course.

Above-mentioned a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, it is characterized in that: comprise and laterally laying and the girder steel be pressed on described longitudinal restraining along excavation slope, described girder steel is spliced to form by the shaped steel that two are parallel to each other, anchor pole is provided with between two described shaped steel, one end of described anchor pole is successively through longitudinal restraining, steel mesh reinforcement and flexible barrier layers also stretch into described excavation slope, the other end of described anchor pole is from passing between two described shaped steel and being locked by ground tackle through after the correcting wedge be arranged on outside described shaped steel and backing plate successively, described correcting wedge is connected between described shaped steel and backing plate, described backing plate is connected between described correcting wedge and described ground tackle.

Above-mentioned a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, it is characterized in that: comprise and laterally laying and the girder steel be pressed on described longitudinal restraining and vertically lay along excavation slope and be pressed in the lattice girder on described transverse beam ligature along excavation slope, described lattice girder is reinforced concrete beam, described girder steel is spliced to form by the shaped steel that two are parallel to each other, described lattice girder is reserved with described girder steel staggered place the after-pouring hole passed for described girder steel, anchor pole is provided with in pouring hole in the rear between two described shaped steel, described excavation slope is stretched into through steel mesh reinforcement and flexible barrier layers successively in one end of described anchor pole, the other end of described anchor pole is to pass between two described shaped steel and successively through the correcting wedge be arranged on outside described shaped steel, backing plate, locked by ground tackle after casing and clamp, described correcting wedge is connected between described shaped steel and backing plate, described backing plate is connected between correcting wedge and described casing, described casing is connected between described clamp and described backing plate, described clamp is connected between described ground tackle and described casing, described ground tackle and described clamp are all positioned at the outside of described lattice girder.

Above-mentioned a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, is characterized in that: the bottom of described excavation slope is provided with laterally lays and the bottom girder be connected with described lattice girder lower end along it.

Above-mentioned a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, is characterized in that: the staggered place of described lattice girder and transverse beam ligature is provided through described flexible barrier layers and stretches into the soil nailing of described excavation slope.

Above-mentioned a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, is characterized in that: described longitudinal restraining and transverse beam ligature are made by bar steel plate or multiple reinforcing bar binding.

Above-mentioned a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, is characterized in that: described flexible barrier layers adopts anti-seepage geotextile.

The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:

1, the utility model by arranging one deck flexible barrier layers on excavation slope, when foundation ditch meets rainfall, flexible barrier layers can effectively stop rainwater to immerse the slope body of excavation slope, effectively prevent the slope body of excavation slope from producing expansion force, even if rainwater immerses the slope body of excavation slope, the existence of flexible barrier layers makes the slope body of excavation slope can have certain distortion under the double action of the constraint effect of flexible barrier layers and plastic deformation effect, the expansion force that the slope body of excavation slope can be made sharply to increase is able to effective release, effectively reduce the load that soil nailing and anchor pole are born, thus ensure the stable of foundation ditch.

2, the utility model is by arranging one deck steel mesh reinforcement, can increase the intensity of flexible barrier layers further, and described steel mesh reinforcement also can carry out effective integer support for excavation slope simultaneously.

3, the utility model is by arranging anchor pole, makes anchor pole and soil nailing mating reaction carry out supporting to excavation slope, effectively enhances the support capacity of excavation slope, and decrease the consumption of anchor pole simultaneously, effectively provide cost savings.

4, the utility model is by arranging lattice girder, girder steel and bond course, the intensity of support system can be strengthened, that is, by lattice girder, girder steel and bond course are connected into an entirety, enhance node strength and the bonding strength of soil nailing and anchor pole, and then the support capacity of excavation slope is strengthened.

Below by drawings and Examples, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1.

Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing at B place in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the annexation schematic diagram of soil nailing and bond course in the utility model embodiment 1.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2.

Fig. 6 is the C-C sectional view in Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing at E place in Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the D-D sectional view in Fig. 5.

Fig. 9 is the enlarged drawing at F place in Fig. 8.

Figure 10 is the enlarged drawing at G place in Fig. 8.

Description of reference numerals:

1-steel mesh reinforcement; 2-bond course; 2-1-longitudinal restraining;

2-2-transverse beam ligature; 3-soil nailing; 3-1-soil nailing bending head;

3-2-tie up muscle; 3-3-tie up muscle bending head; 4-excavation slope;

5-flexible barrier layers; 6-anchor pole; 7-girder steel;

7-1-shaped steel; 8-backing plate; 9-ground tackle;

10-correcting wedge; 11-lattice girder; 11-1-after-pouring hole;

11-2-bearing rod; 12-bottom girder; 13-clamp;

14-casing.

Detailed description of the invention

Embodiment 1

A kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, comprise the flexible barrier layers 5 be laid on excavation slope 4 and the bond course 2 be laid in described flexible barrier layers 5, described bond course 2 is laid staggeredly by multiple longitudinal restraining 2-1 and multiple transverse beam ligature 2-2 and forms, and the staggered place of described longitudinal restraining 2-1 and transverse beam ligature 2-2 is installed with through described flexible barrier layers 5 and stretches into the soil nailing 3 of excavation slope 4.

In the present embodiment, by bond course 2, soil nailing 3 and flexible barrier layers 5 are linked together, the soil pressure that excavation slope 4 produces passes to bond course 2 by flexible barrier layers 5, then passes to soil nailing 3 by bond course 2, goes in being then delivered to beyond slip-crack surface soil layer by soil nailing 3.It by arranging one deck flexible barrier layers 5 on excavation slope 4, when foundation ditch meets rainfall, flexible barrier layers 5 can effectively stop rainwater to immerse the slope body of excavation slope 4, effectively prevent the slope body of excavation slope 4 from producing expansion force, even if rainwater immerses the slope body of excavation slope 4, the existence of flexible barrier layers 5 makes the slope body of excavation slope 4 can have certain distortion under the double action of the constraint effect of flexible barrier layers 5 and plastic deformation effect, the expansion force that the slope body of excavation slope 4 can be made sharply to increase is able to effective release, effectively reduce the load that soil nailing 3 is born, thus ensure the stable of foundation ditch.Further, by arranging bond course 2, effective reinforcement effect can be played to flexible barrier layers 5, and then avoid the expansion force of excavation slope 4 slope body release excessive and cause the destruction of flexible barrier layers 5, add foundation ditch integer support ability.

In the present embodiment, the depth direction of excavation slope 4 is defined as longitudinal direction, orientates the direction perpendicular with excavation slope 4 depth direction as transverse direction.

In the present embodiment, between described flexible barrier layers 5 and described bond course 2, be equipped with one deck steel mesh reinforcement 1.By arranging one deck steel mesh reinforcement 1, can increase the intensity of flexible barrier layers 5 further, described steel mesh reinforcement 1 also can carry out effective integer support for excavation slope 4 simultaneously.Concrete, described steel mesh reinforcement 1 is laid staggeredly by multiple longitudinal reinforcement and transverse reinforcement and forms.

In the present embodiment, described longitudinal restraining 2-1 and transverse beam ligature 2-2 makes by bar steel plate or multiple reinforcing bar binding.Described flexible barrier layers 5 adopts anti-seepage geotextile.

For the construction method of the foundation pit supporting system of swelled ground area described in the present embodiment, the construction of this foundation pit supporting system is successively carried out with the degree of depth of excavation of foundation pit, and it is characterized in that, the construction method of the support system of every layer of foundation ditch comprises the following steps:

Step one, bore soil nailing hole: spud on excavation slope 4 and form the soil nailing hole that at least a line laterally lays along it;

Step 2, slip casting fix soil nailing 3: inserted in described soil nailing hole by soil nailing 3, and to slip casting in described soil nailing hole;

Step 3, laying flexible barrier layers 5: on excavation slope 4, lay flexible barrier layers 5 and make soil nailing 3 pass described flexible barrier layers 5;

Step 4, laying steel mesh reinforcement 1: in described flexible barrier layers 5, lay one deck steel mesh reinforcement 1, described soil nailing 3 all passes from the mesh of described steel mesh reinforcement 1;

Step 5, bond course 2 is set: in described flexible barrier layers 5, arrange the longitudinal restraining 2-1 and transverse beam ligature 2-2 that are laid staggeredly thus form bond course 2, the soil nailing 3 corresponding with the staggered place of transverse beam ligature 2-2 with described longitudinal restraining 2-1 is fixedly connected with transverse beam ligature 2-2 with described longitudinal restraining 2-1.

In step 5, the outer end of described soil nailing 3 is welded with ties up muscle 3-2, and soil nailing bending head 3-1 and the transverse beam ligature 2-2 of described soil nailing 3 outer end are welded to connect, described in tie up muscle 3-2 outer end tie up muscle bending head 3-3 and longitudinal restraining 2-1 is welded to connect.

Repeat above step one to step 5 until complete the construction of whole foundation pit supporting system.

Embodiment 2

As shown in Figure 5, the difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is: this foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area also comprises laterally to be laid and the girder steel 7 be pressed on described longitudinal restraining 2-1 and vertically lay along excavation slope 4 and be pressed in the lattice girder 11 on described transverse beam ligature 2-2 along excavation slope 4.Described girder steel 7 is spliced to form by the shaped steel 7-1 that two are parallel to each other.Described lattice girder 11 is reinforced concrete beam.

As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, anchor pole 6 is provided with between two described shaped steel 7-1, one end of described anchor pole 6 is passed longitudinal restraining 2-1, steel mesh reinforcement 1 and flexible barrier layers 5 successively and stretches into described excavation slope 4, the other end of described anchor pole 6 is from passing between two described shaped steel 7-1 and being locked by ground tackle 9 through after the correcting wedge 10 be arranged on outside described shaped steel 7-1 and backing plate 8 successively, described correcting wedge 10 is connected between described shaped steel 7-1 and backing plate 8, and described backing plate 8 is connected between described correcting wedge 10 and described ground tackle 9.

In the present embodiment, by arranging anchor pole 6, making anchor pole 6 and soil nailing 3 mating reaction carry out supporting to excavation slope 4, effectively enhancing the support capacity of excavation slope 4, and decrease the consumption of anchor pole 6 simultaneously, effectively provide cost savings.And by arranging girder steel 7, anchor pole 6 can be coordinated to realize the anchoring of anchor pole 6 on the one hand, on the other hand, girder steel 7 can also be excavation slope 4 Shi Hanzhang, under the effect of anchor pole 6, make girder steel 7, bond course 2 and flexible barrier layers 5 linking together tightly, now, the soil pressure that excavation slope 4 produces passes to bond course 2 by flexible barrier layers 5, soil nailing 3 is passed to again by bond course 2, or pass to girder steel 7 by bond course 2, then go in being delivered to beyond slip-crack surface soil layer by girder steel 7 by anchor pole 6, effectively enhance the support capacity of excavation slope 4.

As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, described lattice girder 11 is reserved with described girder steel 7 staggered place the after-pouring hole 11-1 passed for described girder steel 7, anchor pole 6 is provided with in pouring hole 11-1 in the rear between two described shaped steel 7-1, described excavation slope 4 is stretched into through steel mesh reinforcement 1 and flexible barrier layers 5 successively in one end of described anchor pole 6, the other end of described anchor pole 6 is to pass between two described shaped steel 7-1 and successively through the correcting wedge 10 be arranged on outside described shaped steel 7-1, backing plate 8, locked by ground tackle 9 after casing 14 and clamp 13, described correcting wedge 10 is connected between described shaped steel 7-1 and backing plate 8, described backing plate 8 is connected between correcting wedge 10 and described casing 14, described casing 14 is connected between described clamp 13 and described backing plate 8, described clamp 13 is connected between described ground tackle 9 and described casing 14, described ground tackle 9 and described clamp 13 are all positioned at the outside of described lattice girder 11.

In the present embodiment, by arranging lattice girder 11, girder steel 7 and bond course 2, the intensity of support system can be strengthened, that is, by lattice girder 11, girder steel 7 and bond course 2 are connected into an entirety, enhance node strength and the bonding strength of soil nailing 3 and anchor pole 6, and then the support capacity of excavation slope 4 is strengthened.

In the present embodiment, anchor pole 6 being arranged between two shaped steel 7-1 and between casing 14, the contact of mortar and anchor pole 6 when building described after-pouring hole 11-1 can being avoided, facilitate the later stage by tight for anchor pole 6 anchoring.

In the present embodiment, the bottom of described excavation slope 4 is provided with laterally lays and the bottom girder 12 be connected with described lattice girder 11 lower end along it.By arranging bottom girder 12, effectively can support lattice girder 11, lattice girder 11 landing can be avoided.

As shown in Figure 10, described lattice girder 11 is provided through described flexible barrier layers 5 with the staggered place of transverse beam ligature 2-2 and stretches into the soil nailing 3 of described excavation slope 4.By being cast in lattice girder 11 by soil nailing 3, the position of described soil nailing 3 effectively can be fixed.Concrete, the outer end overlap joint of described soil nailing 3 is connected with ties up muscle 3-2, the soil nailing bending head 3-1 of described soil nailing 3 outer end towards one end of lattice girder 11, described in tie up muscle 3-2 outer end tie up the other end of muscle bending head 3-3 towards lattice girder 11.

Composition graphs 5 ~ Figure 10, for the construction method of the foundation pit supporting system of swelled ground area described in the present embodiment, the construction method of this foundation pit supporting system is successively carried out with the degree of depth of excavation of foundation pit, it is characterized in that, the construction method of the support system of each excavation of foundation pit layer comprises the following steps:

Step one, brill soil nailing hole and anchor hole: spud on excavation slope 4 and formed along excavation slope 4 laterally at least one casting nail of laying and at least one row's anchor hole along the horizontal laying of excavation slope 4.

Step 2, slip casting fix soil nailing 3 and anchor pole 6: inserted in described soil nailing hole by soil nailing 3, and to slip casting in described soil nailing hole; Anchor pole 6 is inserted in described anchor hole, and to slip casting in described anchor hole; To be matched applying anchored force by soil nailing 3 and anchor pole 6, guarantee that anchored force reaches requirement on the one hand, the consumption of anchor pole 6 can also be saved on the other hand, provide cost savings.Wherein, the slurry injected in described soil nailing hole and described anchor hole is cement paste or mortar.

Step 3, laying flexible barrier layers 5: on excavation slope 4, lay flexible barrier layers 5 and make soil nailing 3 and anchor pole 6 all pass described flexible barrier layers 5.

In step 3, by arranging flexible barrier layers 5, when foundation ditch meets rainfall, flexible barrier layers 5 can effectively stop rainwater to immerse the slope body of excavation slope 4, effectively prevent the slope body of excavation slope 4 from producing expansion force, even if rainwater immerses the slope body of excavation slope 4, the existence of flexible barrier layers 5 makes the slope body of excavation slope 4 can have certain distortion under the double action of the constraint effect of flexible barrier layers 5 and plastic deformation effect, thus make the slope body release expansion force of excavation slope 4, effectively reduce the load that soil nailing 3 and anchor pole 6 are born, thus ensure the stable of foundation ditch.

Step 4, laying steel mesh reinforcement 1: in described flexible barrier layers 5, lay one deck steel mesh reinforcement 1, described soil nailing 3 and anchor pole 6 all pass from the mesh of described steel mesh reinforcement 1.

In step 4, by arranging one deck steel mesh reinforcement 1, can increase the intensity of flexible barrier layers 5 further, described steel mesh reinforcement 1 also can carry out effective integer support for excavation slope 4 simultaneously.Concrete, described steel mesh reinforcement 1 is laid staggeredly by multiple longitudinal reinforcement and transverse reinforcement and forms.

Step 5, bond course 2 is set: in described flexible barrier layers 5, arrange the longitudinal restraining 2-1 and transverse beam ligature 2-2 that are laid staggeredly thus form bond course 2, the soil nailing 3 corresponding with the staggered place of transverse beam ligature 2-2 with described longitudinal restraining 2-1 is fixedly connected with transverse beam ligature 2-2 with described longitudinal restraining 2-1.

In step 5, by arranging bond course 2, effective reinforcement effect can be played to flexible barrier layers 5, and then avoid the expansion force of excavation slope 4 slope body release excessive and cause the destruction of flexible barrier layers 5, add foundation ditch integer support ability.

Step 6, laying lattice girder 11: vertically lay lattice girder reinforcing cage along excavation slope 4, described lattice girder reinforcing cage is pressed on transverse beam ligature 2-2, the lower end of described lattice girder reinforcing cage is connected on described bottom girder 12, formwork on described lattice girder reinforcing cage concreting form lattice girder 11, reserve after-pouring hole 11-1 in the position corresponding with described anchor pole 6 when building described lattice girder 11, the soil nailing 3 corresponding with described lattice girder 11 is cast in described lattice girder 11.

In step 6, by arranging lattice girder 11, the supporting intensity of supporting to excavation slope 4 can be strengthened.In the present embodiment, described lattice girder reinforcing cage is made up with the stirrup colligation for being connected by described bearing rod 11-2 of multiple bearing rod 11-2.

Step 7, laying girder steel 7: the transverse direction along excavation slope 4 is laid with the many girder steels 7 be pressed on longitudinal restraining 2-1, described girder steel 7 through the after-pouring hole 11-1 on lattice girder 11, the anchor pole 6 in described after-pouring hole 11-1 between two shaped steel 7-1 of girder steel 7 through and locked by ground tackle 9 through correcting wedge 10, backing plate 8, casing 14 and clamp 13 successively; The anchor pole 6 passing described longitudinal restraining 2-1 is locked by ground tackle 9 between two shaped steel 7-1 of girder steel 7 after also passing correcting wedge 10 and clamp 13 successively.

In the present embodiment, by arranging lattice girder 11, girder steel 7 and bond course 2, the intensity of support system can be strengthened, that is, by lattice girder 11, girder steel 7 and bond course 2 are connected into an entirety, enhance node strength and the bonding strength of soil nailing 3 and anchor pole 6, and then the support capacity of excavation slope 4 is strengthened.In addition, by arranging correcting wedge 10, the angle of inclination of anchor pole 6 angle and excavation slope 4 can be made to match.In the present embodiment, two described shaped steel 7-1 are channel-section steel.

Step 8, close described after-pouring hole 11-1: concreting in described after-pouring hole 11-1, by achieving closing of girder steel 7 and lattice girder 11 staggered place to concreting in described after-pouring hole 11-1, improve the bonding strength of node.

Repeat after above step one to step 8 completes the construction of whole foundation pit supporting system, arrange in the bottom of described excavation slope 4 and laterally lay and bottom girder 12 for supporting lattice girder 11 along excavation slope 4.By arranging bottom girder 12, effectively can support lattice girder 11, lattice girder 11 can be avoided along the vertical landing of excavation slope 4.

In the present embodiment, on adjacent two excavation of foundation pit layers, flexible barrier layers 5 overlaps mutually, and lattice girder 11 splices mutually, and bond course 2 splices mutually, and steel mesh reinforcement 1 splices mutually.

In the present embodiment, adopt this construction method, can effectively realize this construction for the foundation pit supporting system of swelled ground area, the foundation pit supporting system formed by this construction method effectively can be solved expansive soil foundation ditch and meet rainfall leaching water problem, the problem that after can also solving domatic immersion, expansion force sharply increases, increase the problem of pattern foundation pit supporting structure overall work ability, reach the object of economical rationality simultaneously.

In the present embodiment, described bond course 2 is provided with the tack coat of one deck for flexible barrier layers 5, steel mesh reinforcement 1 and bond course 2 being bonded together.Described tack coat is screed or plain concrete layer, by arranging described tack coat, flexible barrier layers 5, steel mesh reinforcement 1 and bond course 2 can be bonded together, improve the adhesion strength of flexible barrier layers 5, steel mesh reinforcement 1 and bond course 2, thus the support capacity of the flexible barrier layers 5 of overall bonding, steel mesh reinforcement 1 and bond course 2 pairs of excavation slopes 4 is improved.

The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every above embodiment is done according to the utility model technical spirit any simple modification, change and equivalent structure transformation, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. the foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area, it is characterized in that: comprise the flexible barrier layers (5) be laid on excavation slope (4) and the bond course (2) be laid in described flexible barrier layers (5), described bond course (2) is laid staggeredly by multiple longitudinal restraining (2-1) and multiple transverse beam ligature (2-2) and forms, and the staggered place of described longitudinal restraining (2-1) and transverse beam ligature (2-2) is installed with through described flexible barrier layers (5) and stretches into the soil nailing (3) of excavation slope (4).
2. a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be equipped with one deck steel mesh reinforcement (1) between described flexible barrier layers (5) and described bond course (2).
3. a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: comprise and laterally laying and the girder steel (7) be pressed on described longitudinal restraining (2-1) along excavation slope (4), described girder steel (7) is spliced to form by two shaped steel be parallel to each other (7-1), anchor pole (6) is provided with between two described shaped steel (7-1), one end of described anchor pole (6) is successively through longitudinal restraining (2-1), steel mesh reinforcement (1) and flexible barrier layers (5) also stretch into described excavation slope (4), the other end of described anchor pole (6) is from passing between two described shaped steel (7-1) and being locked by ground tackle (9) afterwards through the correcting wedge (10) and backing plate (8) that are arranged on described shaped steel (7-1) outside successively, described correcting wedge (10) is connected between described shaped steel (7-1) and backing plate (8), described backing plate (8) is connected between described correcting wedge (10) and described ground tackle (9).
4. a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: comprise and laterally laying and the girder steel (7) be pressed on described longitudinal restraining (2-1) and vertically laying and the lattice girder (11) be pressed on described transverse beam ligature (2-2) along excavation slope (4) along excavation slope (4), described lattice girder (11) is reinforced concrete beam, described girder steel (7) is spliced to form by two shaped steel be parallel to each other (7-1), described lattice girder (11) is gone up and is reserved with described girder steel (7) staggered place the after-pouring hole (11-1) passed for described girder steel (7), be positioned between two described shaped steel (7-1) and be provided with anchor pole (6) in pouring hole (11-1) in the rear, described excavation slope (4) is stretched into through steel mesh reinforcement (1) and flexible barrier layers (5) successively in one end of described anchor pole (6), the other end of described anchor pole (6) is to pass between two described shaped steel (7-1) and successively through the correcting wedge (10) being arranged on described shaped steel (7) outside, backing plate (8), casing (14) and clamp (13) are afterwards by ground tackle (9) locking, described correcting wedge (10) is connected between described shaped steel (7-1) and backing plate (8), described backing plate (8) is connected between correcting wedge (10) and described casing (14), described casing (14) is connected between described clamp (13) and described backing plate (8), described clamp (13) is connected between described ground tackle (9) and described casing (14), described ground tackle (9) and described clamp (13) are all positioned at the outside of described lattice girder (11).
5. a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the bottom of described excavation slope (4) is provided with laterally lays and the bottom girder (12) be connected with described lattice girder (11) lower end along it.
6. a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described lattice girder (11) is provided through described flexible barrier layers (5) with the staggered place of transverse beam ligature (2-2) and stretches into the soil nailing (3) of described excavation slope (4).
7. a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described longitudinal restraining (2-1) and transverse beam ligature (2-2) are made by bar steel plate or multiple reinforcing bar binding.
8. a kind of foundation pit supporting system for swelled ground area according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described flexible barrier layers (5) adopts anti-seepage geotextile.
CN201520402167.0U 2015-06-11 2015-06-11 A excavation supporting system for expanding soil district CN204753604U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104863162A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-08-26 西安科技大学 Foundation pit support system applied to expansive soil regions and construction method thereof
CN106498950A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-03-15 大连交通大学 Anchor head is placed in the Pile-Anchor Supporting for Deep Excavation system and its implementation of pile body
CN108677941A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-10-19 常州工学院 A kind of steel plate and channel steel band combined type face layer soil nail wall
CN110265800A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-09-20 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Based on the earthing or grounding means and its construction method under the conditions of plate brad supporting

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104863162A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-08-26 西安科技大学 Foundation pit support system applied to expansive soil regions and construction method thereof
CN106498950A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-03-15 大连交通大学 Anchor head is placed in the Pile-Anchor Supporting for Deep Excavation system and its implementation of pile body
CN106498950B (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-11-30 大连交通大学 Anchor head is placed in the implementation method of the Pile-Anchor Supporting for Deep Excavation system of pile body
CN108677941A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-10-19 常州工学院 A kind of steel plate and channel steel band combined type face layer soil nail wall
CN110265800A (en) * 2019-05-21 2019-09-20 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Based on the earthing or grounding means and its construction method under the conditions of plate brad supporting

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