CN204749282U - Three -dimensional printer of photocuring - Google Patents

Three -dimensional printer of photocuring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204749282U
CN204749282U CN201520395276.4U CN201520395276U CN204749282U CN 204749282 U CN204749282 U CN 204749282U CN 201520395276 U CN201520395276 U CN 201520395276U CN 204749282 U CN204749282 U CN 204749282U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
photocuring
reflective mirror
galvanometer
dimensional printer
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520395276.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨雨生
Original Assignee
珠海西通电子有限公司
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Priority to CN201520395276.4U priority Critical patent/CN204749282U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204749282U publication Critical patent/CN204749282U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a three -dimensional printer of photocuring, including frame and rack -mounted laser device of difference and forming device, forming device includes the material dish and runs on the elevating platform on the material dish from top to bottom, the laser device includes the laser instrument, is used for to adjust the mirror and be used for reflecting laser beam's reflector of shaking of laser beam direction, the mirror that shakes is including vertical first shake mirror and horizontal second that sets up that sets up mirror that shakes, the first mirror that shakes of the horizontal directive of laser beam of laser instrument, the reflector including locate first shake mirror and second shake the mirror below first reflector with locate the material dish below the second reflector, the relative setting and 45 degrees contained angles of two mirror surfaces and axis of ordinates one -tenth of mirror surface of first reflector and second reflector. The utility model discloses compact structure, the space occupancy is low, and the scanning accuracy is high moreover, job stabilization.

Description

A kind of photocuring three-dimensional printer

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of three-dimensional printer, is specifically related to a kind of photocuring three-dimensional printer.

Background technology

The operation principle of photocuring three-dimensional printer adopts digital light treatment technology successively to solidify liquid photosensitive resin.Relatively more conventional is adopt XY straight reciprocating motion workbench as sweep mechanism at present, adopts the mode of delivery of light source below resin storage tank.If publication No. is the Chinese invention patent of CN103587118A, disclose a kind of photocuring 3D printer based on helical scanning, compliant interface, the below of resin storage tank is located at by integrated camera lens, the shortcoming of this structure is in disassembly process, the liquid photosensitive resin be bonded on lift head easily drops on integrated camera lens, cause integrated camera lens to damage, replacement cost is high.For above problem, light reflection principle has been used in the structural design of existing photocuring three-dimensional printer, set up level crossing in the below of resin storage tank, this level crossing is used for carrying out mirror-reflection to the projected light that projecting apparatus sends, thus the projected light directive resin storage tank after this part is reflected.If Authorization Notice No. is the Chinese utility model patent of CN204109368U, disclose twice reflective light path construction of desk-top DLP photocuring 3D printer, the first level crossing is provided with immediately below the projection lens of the projecting apparatus of this structure, this first level crossing and space level basal plane are the angle of 45 degree, also be provided with second level crossing symmetrical with described first level crossing in space level direction, this second level crossing is positioned at immediately below the resin storage tank of desk-top DLP photocuring 3D printer.But this projection lens volume is large, and formed precision is low.Even if projection lens is replaced by the integrated camera lens of XY straight reciprocating motion, when acceleration and deceleration process repeatedly and velocity attitude conversion, the inertia of integrated lens mechanism also can make whole machine be in larger oscillatory regime, thus affects product forming accuracy.Therefore, the shortcoming existed in prior art, is necessary to make improvement to prior art.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to overcome shortcoming of the prior art with not enough, provides the photocuring three-dimensional printer that a kind of compact conformation, formed precision are high.

The utility model is realized by following technical scheme:

A kind of photocuring three-dimensional printer, comprise frame and distinguish rack-mounted laser aid and shaped device, the lifting platform that described shaped device comprises material disc and runs on up and down on material disc, described laser aid comprises laser instrument, for adjusting the galvanometer in laser beam direction and the reflective mirror for reflect beams of laser light, described galvanometer comprises the second galvanometer of the first galvanometer and the horizontally set longitudinally arranged, horizontal directive first galvanometer of laser beam of described laser instrument, described reflective mirror comprises the first reflective mirror be located at below the first galvanometer and the second galvanometer and the second reflective mirror be located at below material disc, the minute surface of described first reflective mirror and the second reflective mirror be oppositely arranged and two minute surfaces and the longitudinal axis in angle of 45 degrees.

Described laser aid also comprises locating support, the upside of described locating support, left side and right side offer the installing hole for installing described first galvanometer, laser instrument and the second galvanometer respectively, the bottom of described locating support offers the fluting for installing the first reflective mirror, described first reflective mirror reflexes to the second reflective mirror by fluting laser beam, and described second reflective mirror directly longitudinally reflexes to laser beam bottom material disc.

Described shaped device also comprises and drives the driving mechanism that runs up and down of described lifting platform, and described driving mechanism comprises for the fixed support of mounting lifting platform, the first screw rod be spirally connected with described fixed support and the first motor driving described first bolt rotary.

Described driving mechanism is also provided with guiding mechanism, and described guiding mechanism comprises guide rail and runs on the slide block on guide rail, described fixed support to be fixed on slide block and with slide block interlock.

Described shaped device also comprises the guiding mechanism of the horizontal angles of adjustment material disc, described guiding mechanism comprises upper bracket setting up and down and lower carriage and drives the downward holder orientation of upper bracket one sidepiece to swing and the resetting-mechanism resetted, and described material disc is installed on upper bracket.

Described resetting-mechanism comprises the second motor be installed in frame and the second screw rod be rotationally connected with the second motor output end, and one end of described second screw rod is connected in upper bracket and is swung up and down by the second driven by motor upper bracket one sidepiece.

Be provided with the 3rd screw rod between described upper and lower support, described 3rd screw jacket is provided with back-moving spring.

Described upper bracket is provided with the draw-in groove for installation material charging tray.

Trying to get to the heart of a matter of described material disc is equipped with layer of silica gel.

Described frame is also provided with light shield outward.

Relative to prior art, the utility model realizes the adjustment of laser beam direction and position by the adjustment of a pair galvanometer pendulum angle, thus realizes 3 D-printing, and laser instrument can control laser beam intensity and print speed, adjustability is good, stable performance, takes up room little.

Accompanying drawing explanation

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiments more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.

Fig. 1 is the STRUCTURE DECOMPOSITION figure of the utility model photocuring three-dimensional printer.

In figure: 1. frame; 2. laser instrument; 3. the first galvanometer; 4. the second galvanometer; 5. the first reflective mirror; 6. the second reflective mirror; 7. locating support; 8. material disc; 9. lifting platform; 10. fixed support; 11. first screw rods; 12. first motors; 13. guide rails; 14. slide blocks; 15. upper brackets; 16. lower carriages; 17. back-moving springs.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

A kind of photocuring three-dimensional printer of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1, comprises machine 1 frame and the laser aid be arranged on respectively in frame 1 and shaped device.

Laser aid comprises laser instrument 2, for adjusting the galvanometer in laser beam direction and the reflective mirror for reflect beams of laser light, galvanometer comprises the second galvanometer 4 of the first galvanometer 3 and horizontally set longitudinally arranged, horizontal directive first galvanometer 3 of laser beam of laser instrument 2, reflective mirror comprise the minute surface being located at the first reflective mirror 5 below the first galvanometer 3 and the second galvanometer 4 and the second reflective mirror 6, first reflective mirror 5 be located at below material disc 8 and the second reflective mirror 6 be oppositely arranged and two minute surfaces and the longitudinal axis in angle of 45 degrees.Laser aid also can comprise locating support 7, the upside of this locating support 7, left side and right side offer the installing hole for installing the first galvanometer 3, laser instrument 2 and the second galvanometer 4 respectively, the bottom of locating support 7 offers the fluting for installing the first reflective mirror 5, first reflective mirror 5 reflexes to the second reflective mirror 6, second reflective mirror 6 by fluting laser beam and directly laser beam is longitudinally reflexed to bottom material disc 8.This laser aid realizes the adjustment of laser beam by a pair vertically disposed galvanometer, and precision is high, and volume is little.

Shaped device comprises material disc 8, runs on lifting platform 9 on material disc 8 and the driving mechanism that drives lifting platform about 9 to run up and down, and this driving mechanism comprises for the fixed support 10 of mounting lifting platform 9, the first screw rod 11 be spirally connected with fixed support 10 and the first motor 12 driving the first screw rod 11 to rotate.This driving mechanism is also provided with guiding mechanism, and this guiding mechanism comprises guide rail 13 and runs on the slide block 14 on guide rail 13, fixed support 10 to be fixed on slide block 14 and with slide block 14 interlock.Fixed support 10 drives lifting platform 9 to move up and down, and each rising raising one cuts layer height, and guiding mechanism is conducive to the stability that raising lifting platform 9 moves up and down.Lifting platform 9 is dismantled and assembled to be installed on fixed support 10, is convenient to take out product after having printed, and also prevents the liquid photosensitive resin sticked on lifting platform 9 from dropping on the second reflective mirror 6.

Shaped device also comprises the guiding mechanism of the horizontal angles of adjustment material disc 8, this guiding mechanism comprises upper bracket 15 setting up and down and lower carriage 16 and drives upper bracket 15 1 sidepiece downward support 16 direction to swing and the resetting-mechanism resetted, and material disc 8 to be installed on upper bracket 15.Resetting-mechanism comprises the second motor be installed in frame 1 and the second screw rod be rotationally connected with the second motor output end, and one end of the second screw rod is connected in upper bracket 15 and is swung up and down by the second driven by motor upper bracket 15 1 sidepiece.Material disc 8 interlock during swing and produce certain angle tilt, angle of inclination is controlled by guiding mechanism, and during laser aid work, material disc 8 is reset to level, and the liquid photosensitive resin in swing process in material disc 8 produces flowing, be conducive to liquid photosensitive resin to redistribute, improve printing precision.Be provided with the 3rd screw rod between upper and lower support 15,16, the 3rd screw jacket is provided with back-moving spring 17.Certainly, the cross sectional shape of material disc 8 can be square, and the 3rd screw rod is installed on four angles of square material disc 8, and back-moving spring 17 is convenient to the adjustment of material disc 8 horizontal level.Upper bracket 15 is provided with the draw-in groove for installation material charging tray 8.Trying to get to the heart of a matter of material disc 8 is equipped with layer of silica gel, prevents from printing cutting the bottom that layer adheres to material disc 8.

Frame 1 is outer is also provided with light shield, prevents liquid photosensitive resin from solidifying.

Operation principle, lifting platform 9 and material disc 8 bottom surface are in one and cut layer height, the laser beam after focusing, under control of the computer, scan according to the requirement of cross section profile, make to be solidified by the liquid photosensitive resin of scanning area, thus obtain the resin flake of this cross section profile.Then, material disc 8 is at guiding mechanism effect lower swing certain angle and reset, the resin flake solidified just cover by the new liquid photosensitive resin of one deck, to carry out lower one deck laser scanning solidification, one deck of new solidification is bonded on front one deck, until whole formed product is complete.

The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a photocuring three-dimensional printer, it is characterized in that: comprise frame and distinguish rack-mounted laser aid and shaped device, the lifting platform that described shaped device comprises material disc and runs on up and down on material disc, described laser aid comprises laser instrument, for adjusting the galvanometer in laser beam direction and the reflective mirror for reflect beams of laser light, described galvanometer comprises the second galvanometer of the first galvanometer and the horizontally set longitudinally arranged, horizontal directive first galvanometer of laser beam of described laser instrument, described reflective mirror comprises the first reflective mirror be located at below the first galvanometer and the second galvanometer and the second reflective mirror be located at below material disc, the minute surface of described first reflective mirror and the second reflective mirror be oppositely arranged and two minute surfaces and the longitudinal axis in angle of 45 degrees.
2. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described laser aid also comprises locating support, the upside of described locating support, left side and right side offer the installing hole for installing described first galvanometer, laser instrument and the second galvanometer respectively, the bottom of described locating support offers the fluting for installing the first reflective mirror, described first reflective mirror reflexes to the second reflective mirror by fluting laser beam, and described second reflective mirror directly longitudinally reflexes to laser beam bottom material disc.
3. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described shaped device also comprises and drives the driving mechanism that runs up and down of described lifting platform, described driving mechanism comprises for the fixed support of mounting lifting platform, the first screw rod be spirally connected with described fixed support and the first motor driving described first bolt rotary.
4. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described driving mechanism is provided with guiding mechanism, described guiding mechanism comprises guide rail and runs on the slide block on guide rail, described fixed support to be fixed on slide block and with slide block interlock.
5. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described shaped device also comprises the guiding mechanism of the horizontal angles of adjustment material disc, described guiding mechanism comprises upper bracket setting up and down and lower carriage and drives the downward holder orientation of upper bracket one sidepiece to swing and the resetting-mechanism resetted, and described material disc is installed on upper bracket.
6. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described resetting-mechanism comprises the second motor be installed in frame and the second screw rod be rotationally connected with the second motor output end, and one end of described second screw rod is connected in upper bracket and is swung up and down by the second driven by motor upper bracket one sidepiece.
7. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 5, is characterized in that: be provided with the 3rd screw rod between described upper and lower support, and described 3rd screw jacket is provided with back-moving spring.
8. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described upper bracket is provided with the draw-in groove for installation material charging tray.
9. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: trying to get to the heart of a matter of described material disc is equipped with layer of silica gel.
10. photocuring three-dimensional printer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described frame is also provided with light shield outward.
CN201520395276.4U 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 Three -dimensional printer of photocuring CN204749282U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520395276.4U CN204749282U (en) 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 Three -dimensional printer of photocuring

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520395276.4U CN204749282U (en) 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 Three -dimensional printer of photocuring

Publications (1)

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CN204749282U true CN204749282U (en) 2015-11-11

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CN201520395276.4U CN204749282U (en) 2015-06-08 2015-06-08 Three -dimensional printer of photocuring

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104985811A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-10-21 珠海西通电子有限公司 Photo-cured three-dimensional printer
CN106426921A (en) * 2016-08-02 2017-02-22 苏州秉创科技有限公司 Light-curing-based 3D printer

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104985811A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-10-21 珠海西通电子有限公司 Photo-cured three-dimensional printer
CN104985811B (en) * 2015-06-08 2017-04-26 珠海西通电子有限公司 Photo-cured three-dimensional printer
CN106426921A (en) * 2016-08-02 2017-02-22 苏州秉创科技有限公司 Light-curing-based 3D printer

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20151111

Effective date of abandoning: 20170426