CN204737278U - Automatic sorting equipment of plate fitment component - Google Patents

Automatic sorting equipment of plate fitment component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204737278U
CN204737278U CN201520205048.6U CN201520205048U CN204737278U CN 204737278 U CN204737278 U CN 204737278U CN 201520205048 U CN201520205048 U CN 201520205048U CN 204737278 U CN204737278 U CN 204737278U
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
workpiece
bracket
driving
cylinder
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CN201520205048.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂鑫磊
刘扬珍
杨厚德
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Guangdong friend Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd.
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Shunde Friend Power Intelligence Science And Technology Ltd
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Priority to CN201520205048.6U priority Critical patent/CN204737278U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic sorting equipment of plate fitment component, a serial communication port, include upper and lower device of main control unit, feeding conveyor, work piece and the goods shelves typeeing and/or read work piece information, main control unit connection control feeding conveyor, upper and lower device of work piece, goods shelves are provided with a plurality of layers of storage rack for deposit the work piece, upper and lower of work piece device corresponds and sets up in the outside of goods shelves, and feeding conveyor sets up at put on the shelf the input of device of work piece, upper and lower device of work piece be provided with respectively position height -adjustable the bracket, drive the lifting drive mechanism that the bracket reciprocated, the bracket activity sets up the storage rack outside at goods shelves. The utility model has the characteristics of the place that occupies is little, work efficiency increases, intensity of labour reduces, the error score reduces etc.

Description

The automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component
Technical field
The utility model relates to Furniture manufacturing equipment and technology, relates to a kind of plate fitment sorting arrangement more specifically.
Background technology
Along with development, the progress of society, real estate industry's development stability, therefore the sales volume steady growth of furniture.Along with people's individualized feature is more and more obvious, Furniture manufacturing is no longer produced based on unified as tradition, but carries out design production along with the size of people's hobby, color, pattern, namely has furniture made to order.Because the disunity of having furniture made to order is produced, make the plate specification produced each different, require higher to the sorting work before packaging.But do not know for people be, have furniture made to order packaging before sorting work, remain the mode adopting manual sorting, it is slow that manual sorting then also exists speed, work capacity is large, labour intensity is large, the shortcomings such as error rate is high, such as, the sorting work of 10000 blocks of plates needs 20-30 people's continuous 8 hours ability to sort, and error rate reaches 20%-30%, and carrying way in slightly mishap will cause the damage of plate, break, cause unnecessary waste, even injure carrying personnel by a crashing object, the today at automation of industry high speed development can be said, the automation of sort process of how realizing having furniture made to order has become people's urgent problem.
Utility model content
A kind of structure that the purpose of this utility model is exactly deficiency in order to solve prior art and provides is simple, and production efficiency is high, significantly can reduce the automatic sorting apparatus of the plate fitment component of labor strength.
The utility model adopts following technical solution to realize above-mentioned purpose: a kind of automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component, it is characterized in that, comprise and the master controller of typing and/or reading, feed conveying device, the upper and lower rack device of workpiece and shelf are carried out to workpiece information;
Master controller connection control feed conveying device, the upper and lower rack device of workpiece;
Described shelf are provided with some layers of storage rack, for depositing workpiece;
The upper and lower rack device correspondence of described workpiece is arranged on the outside of shelf, feed conveying device is arranged on the input end of workpiece installation device, the lift drive mechanism that the upper and lower rack device of workpiece is respectively arranged with the adjustable bracket of position height, drives bracket to move up and down, bracket is movably arranged on outside the storage rack of shelf, by the height of bracket, can be the storage rack conveying workpieces of different layers or extract workpiece.
Further illustrating as such scheme, it also comprises the power drum bay-lift of the mouth being arranged on feed conveying device, power drum bay-lift is connected with master controller, power drum bay-lift comprises multiple cylinders that the upper frame of bay-lift support and upper setting thereof, upper frame are arranged, the HM Hydraulic Motor driving upper frame lifting, and connecting the motor driving cylinder to rotate, motor is by chain-driving cylinder;
During running, by HM Hydraulic Motor by oil cylinder by upper frame jacking to correct position, workpiece is sent into power drum bay-lift deliver to correct position by a upper mechanism by chain-driving cylinder by motor; Oil cylinder is driven to be declined by upper frame certain position by HM Hydraulic Motor again, next workpiece is driven to be overlayed on a upper workpiece by a upper mechanism again, the rest may be inferred, stacks to some until plate, and a folded workpiece is delivered to next mechanism by chain-driving cylinder by motor.
The mouth of described power drum bay-lift is provided with planer-type rotating machine arm, planer-type rotating machine arm comprises the X of portal frame and upper setting thereof, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism, be arranged on X, Y, Acetabula device in Z tri-axle travel mechanism, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism comprises two curb girders with the driving rack arranged along Y direction be arranged on portal frame, be arranged on the crossbeam with the driving rack arranged along X-direction between two curb girders, to be flexibly connected with crossbeam and along the sliding seat of crossbeam direction movement, be arranged on the column with the driving rack arranged along Z-direction in sliding seat, permanent seat fixing on column, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of X-axis motor and crossbeam, crossbeam is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of y-axis motor and curb girder, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of lifting motor and column, permanent seat is provided with rotating machine, Acetabula device is arranged on the output shaft of rotating machine, Acetabula device comprises sucker disk seat, multiple sucker, tracheae and vacuum generating device, and multiple sucker is arranged on sucker disk seat, and vacuum generating device is by tracheae connecting sucker seat,
In the running, X-axis motor drives sliding seat to move to correct position by rack-and-gear, y-axis motor drives cross beam movement to correct position by rack-and-gear, lifting motor drives Acetabula device to move to above workpiece by rack-and-gear, rotating machine is by gear driven sucker rotary alignment workpiece, sucker running picks up workpiece, y-axis motor drives cross beam movement to correct position by rack-and-gear, crossbeam motor drives column to move to correct position by rack-and-gear, lifting motor drives column to move to correct position by rack-and-gear, rotating machine is by gear driven sucker rotational alignment position, sucker quits work and puts down workpiece, workpiece is positioned in next mechanism.
Described feed conveying device comprises power and tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism and tiltedly roll corresponding some groups of conveying mechanism with power and directly walk transverse delivery mechanism;
Power tiltedly rolls the oblique cylinder group that conveying mechanism comprises charging frame, motor and becomes certain angle of inclination with horizontal surface, oblique cylinder group is arranged in charging frame, be made up of multiple oblique cylinder be arranged in order, the end solderless wrapped connection of oblique cylinder has driving band, the mouth of motor is connected with transmission shaft, and transmission shaft connects drive driving band;
The charging support of the high order end in the two ends of oblique cylinder group is provided with gear lean on, when workpiece is put in oblique cylinder group, motor drives driving band by transmission shaft, driving band drives oblique cylinder, workpiece is walked forward, due to the inclination certain angle of oblique cylinder, workpiece is progressively drawn close by direction to gear, finally near keeping off by walking, by widening the spacing of every block workpiece along the mode of oblique cylinder group conveying work pieces direction Shift speed segmentally.
Described transverse delivery mechanism of directly walking comprises and directly walks conveying mechanism and transverse delivery mechanism, directly walk conveying mechanism comprise directly walk to carry frame and on arrange successively multiplely directly walk conveying cylinder, directly walk conveying cylinder and driven by motor one by belt; Transverse delivery mechanism comprises and horizontally send the load-transfer device of at least two synchronized operations of upper frame and upper setting thereof, drives the horizontal pressure cylinder sending upper frame to be elevated, and load-transfer device is driven by motor two; The throughput direction directly walking conveying mechanism and transverse delivery mechanism forms an angle, preferably mutually vertical.
Described directly walking between transverse delivery mechanism and storage rack is connected with transverse delivery mechanism, transverse delivery mechanism comprises the horizontal horizontal power transmission machine, transmission shaft, the synchronous belt conveying mechanism be connected with transmission shaft or the power drum conveyer that send support and upper setting thereof, and motor connects drive transmission shaft by the mode of gear transmission, chain sprocket drive or belt wheel transmission.
Described synchronous belt conveying mechanism comprises at least two group synchronous conveyer bands, along transmission shaft being fixed with the synchronizing wheel corresponding with described synchronous conveyer band, drive synchronizing wheel by transmission shaft, then drive synchronous conveyer band to be received by workpiece in synchronous transport by synchronizing wheel and workpiece is positioned over correct position.
Described power drum conveyer comprises and is arranged on that horizontal to send on support multiple horizontal send cylinder, be set in the horizontal drive belt sent between cylinder and transmission shaft, drives drive belt, then drive the horizontal cylinder that send that workpiece is delivered to next mechanism by drive belt by transmission shaft.
Described storage rack sets gradually from top to bottom, shelf is provided with charging and discharging conveying mechanism, for the workpiece on upper and lower for workpiece rack device being sent into storage rack or sending the workpiece on storage rack to the upper and lower rack device of workpiece.
Described charging and discharging conveying mechanism comprises the friction wheel transmission device one of the multiple shelf cylinders be arranged on shelf, the chain wheel driving mechanism be connected with shelf cylinder and connecting band movable sprocket transmission device, chain wheel driving mechanism by drive sprocket, be fixed on the driven sprocket on the main shaft of shelf cylinder and the messenger chain be set on drive sprocket and driven sprocket forms, friction wheel transmission device one comprises the friction wheel one be in transmission connection with the wheel shaft of drive sprocket.
Described workpiece installation device comprise be arranged on guide rail one outside storage rack, guide rail one movable arrange charging support, drive charging support along the mobile motor one of guide rail one movement, the bracket be movably arranged on charging support, be divided into the lifting guide mechanism of bracket both sides, with the lift drive mechanism that driven bracket moves up and down, bracket is provided with pressure cylinder, cylinder and the head roll Rolling motor two around its main axis, the piston rod of pressure cylinder is fixedly connected with the slip gear two be made up of friction wheel motor two and friction wheel two;
During running, lifting mechanism drives bracket lifting to correct position, Rolling motor two drives cylinder to rotate, workpiece is sent into workpiece installation device by feed conveying device and is delivered to correct position by cylinder, lifting mechanism drives bracket lifting to correct position, and pressure cylinder running drives friction wheel motor two to proceed to correct position, and friction wheel motor two drives friction wheel two running, friction wheel two drives friction wheel one running on shelf, and workpiece sends into shelf storage from workpiece installation device.
Under described workpiece, rack device comprises the manipulator being arranged on and guide rail two outside storage rack, guide rail two are arranged above movable discharging support, the lift drive mechanism driving discharging support to move up and down along the mobile motor two of guide rail two movement, the bracket be movably arranged on discharging support, the lifting guide mechanism being divided into bracket both sides, driven bracket and the bracket arranged;
Bracket is provided with pressure cylinder, cylinder and the head roll Rolling motor three around its main axis, the piston rod of pressure cylinder is fixedly connected with the slip gear three be made up of friction wheel motor three and friction wheel three, friction wheel three drive charging and discharging conveying mechanism friction wheel one running;
Described manipulator comprises the X be arranged on bracket, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism and X, Y, the Acetabula device that Z tri-axle travel mechanism is arranged, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism comprise be arranged on bracket cylinder above with the crossbeam of the driving rack arranged along X-direction, to be flexibly connected with crossbeam and along the sliding seat of crossbeam direction movement, be arranged on the vertical beam with the driving rack arranged along Z-direction in sliding seat, permanent seat fixing on vertical beam, permanent seat is arranged with the guide rail arranged along Y direction and tooth bar, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of X-axis motor and crossbeam, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of Z axis motor and vertical beam, permanent seat is provided with y-axis motor and tooth bar engaged transmission, Acetabula device is arranged on permanent seat, and Acetabula device comprises sucker disk seat, multiple sucker, tracheae and vacuum generating device, and multiple sucker is arranged on sucker disk seat, and vacuum generating device is by tracheae connecting sucker seat.
Described lifting guide mechanism comprises the line slideway being divided into bracket both sides and the slide be movably arranged on line slideway, lifting mechanism adopts pressure cylinder to drive or motor-driven mode, pressure cylinder type of drive is arranged on pressure cylinder in the below of bracket, and motor-driven mode is then drive bracket to be elevated by lifting motor by transmission device.
Described transmission device preference chain wheel drive mechanism, comprise the lift chain wheel drive mechanism one and lift chain wheel drive mechanism two that are connected with the both sides of bracket respectively, lift chain wheel drive mechanism one comprises driving wheel one, flower wheel one, flower wheel two, flower wheel three, adjusting knurl one, adjusting knurl two and elevating chain one, driving wheel one, flower wheel one, flower wheel two, flower wheel three is distribution in corner, adjusting knurl one, adjusting knurl two is arranged between flower wheel three and driving wheel one, the drive sprocket axle one of driving wheel one, the follower shaft one of flower wheel one, the follower shaft two of flower wheel two, the follower shaft three of flower wheel three forms four axle parallel constructions,
The initiating terminal of elevating chain one is from driving wheel one, successively through flower wheel one, flower wheel two and flower wheel three, after adjusting knurl one passes and connects bracket, extend to adjusting knurl two direction, after adjusting knurl two transfers change direction, form closed gearing chain ring one in the lump around driving wheel;
Lift chain wheel drive mechanism two comprises driving wheel two, flower wheel four, flower wheel five, flower wheel six, adjusting knurl three, adjusting knurl four, adjusting knurl five and elevating chain two, driving wheel two is coaxial with driving wheel one, flower wheel four is coaxial with flower wheel one, flower wheel five is coaxial with flower wheel two, flower wheel six is coaxial with flower wheel three, and adjusting knurl three, adjusting knurl four, adjusting knurl five are arranged between flower wheel six and driving wheel two;
The initiating terminal of elevating chain two is from driving wheel twos, successively through flower wheel four, flower wheel five and flower wheel six, after adjusting knurl three passes and connects bracket, extend to adjusting knurl four direction, extend to adjusting knurl five direction after adjusting knurl four transfers change direction, extend to driving wheel two after turnover changes direction and form the gearing chain ring two closed.
Described horizontal sending below the load-transfer device of upper frame is provided with lateral pushing mechanism, lateral pushing mechanism comprises and horizontally send guide rail, is movably arranged on the lifting push bracket that the horizontal sliding seat sent on guide rail, sliding seat are arranged, sliding seat is connected with and drives it along the horizontal pressure cylinder two sending guide rail to reciprocate, and lifting push bracket comprises lifting pressure cylinder, is arranged on the push bracket of the interval location between load-transfer device; Push bracket comprises the transverse bar being provided with kink and the push pedal of being fixed on transverse bar front end, and be fixed on the back shield 11-323 on kink, back shield is connected with lifting pressure cylinder.
The bracket of described workpiece installation device is provided with support frame one, this support frame one is fixed on above cylinder, support frame one is provided with rushing board mechanism one, rushing board mechanism one comprises electric machine, the imput shaft be connected with electric machine, at least two group Timing Belt wheels be connected with imput shaft, the push pedal assembly that is connected with Timing Belt wheels, push pedal assembly comprises the cliding seat, the guide rail corresponding with cliding seat that connect with the driven belt wheel shaft of Timing Belt wheels, guide rail is parallel with the Timing Belt of Timing Belt wheels, and cliding seat is movably arranged on guide rail;
In order to strengthen fluency and the stability of fill process, the cylinder of described shelf replaces with the roller that some rows are parallel to each other.
Under described workpiece rack device bracket above be provided with support frame two, what manipulator adopted is the form of pushing tow, manipulator comprises the rushing board mechanism two be arranged on support frame two, rushing board mechanism two comprises electric machine, the imput shaft be connected with electric machine, the at least two group Timing Belt wheels be connected with imput shaft, be connected to the push pedal assembly between two adjacent groups Timing Belt wheels, push pedal assembly comprises the cliding seat be connected with the driven belt wheel shaft of Timing Belt wheels, the push pedal frame that cliding seat is arranged, the guide rail corresponding with cliding seat, guide rail is parallel with the Timing Belt of Timing Belt wheels, cliding seat is movably arranged on guide rail, the end of push pedal frame is provided with and the horizontal push rod of free-running fit parallel with the cylinder of bracket.In order to increase the fluency of transmission, the edge of bracket is provided with downward-sloping transition delivery roller.
It should be noted that the Acetabula device of planer-type rotating machine arm also can adopt the form of a sucker bar, and X, Y, Z tri-increases driving chain in axle travel mechanism, make operation more stable and smooth and easy.
The beneficial effect that the utility model adopts above-mentioned technical solution to reach is:
The utility model adopts primarily of master controller, feed conveying device, on workpiece, lower rack device, the plate fitment sorting structure that shelf and feeding output unit are formed carries out sorting work, by carrying out the typing of information material to every part plate, automatically plate is sent on the storage rack of the shelf allocated in advance, rack device under the workpiece that corresponding shelf configure is utilized in pickup process, send needing the workpiece used, whole process controls by master controller is unified, without the need to artificial participation, according to test of many times, sorting work with 10,000 blocks of plates only needs 1-2 people just can sort for continuous 8 hours, and error rate is reduced to 5%-10%, compared to existing technology, place is had to reduce, work efficiency increases, labour intensity reduces, the features such as error rate reduction.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment 1 of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is embodiment 2 structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is embodiment 3 structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is that power tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 6 directly walks transverse delivery mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 7 is the lateral plan of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is workpiece installation device structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 9 is workpiece installation device structural representation of the present utility model;
Figure 10 is the workpiece installation device structural representation of embodiment 4;
Figure 11 is the workpiece installation device structural representation of embodiment 5;
Figure 12 is the workpiece installation device structural representation of embodiment 6;
Figure 13 is frame device structure schematic diagram under workpiece;
Figure 14 is frame device structure schematic diagram under workpiece;
Figure 15 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 14;
Figure 16 is that the chain of lift chain wheel drive mechanism is around to structural representation;
Figure 17 is that the wherein side chain of Figure 16 is around to structural representation;
Figure 18 is that the opposite side chain of Figure 16 is around to structural representation;
Figure 19 is shelf structure schematic diagram;
Figure 20 is shelf structure schematic diagram;
Figure 21 is robot manipulator structure schematic diagram;
Figure 22 is robot manipulator structure schematic diagram;
Figure 23 is the feed conveying device of embodiment 6 and the connection structure schematic diagram of workpiece installation device;
Figure 24 is the transverse delivery mechanism structural representation of embodiment 6;
Figure 25 is the lateral plan of Figure 24;
Figure 26 is the workpiece installation device structural representation of embodiment 6;
Figure 27 is the shelf structure schematic diagram of embodiment 6;
Figure 28 is frame device structure schematic diagram under the workpiece of embodiment 6;
Figure 29 is the planer-type rotating machine arm structural representation of embodiment 6.
Description of reference numerals: 1, feed conveying device 1-1, power tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism 1-11, charging frame 1-111, gear is by 1-13, oblique cylinder group 1-14, driving band 1-15, transmission shaft 1-2, directly walk transverse delivery mechanism 1-21, directly walk conveying mechanism 1-211, directly walk to carry frame 1-212, directly walk conveying cylinder 1-213, belt 1-214, motor one 1-22, transverse delivery mechanism 1-221, horizontally send upper frame 1-222, load-transfer device 1-223, pressure cylinder 1-224, motor two
2, workpiece installation device 2-1, guide rail one 2-2, charging support 2-3, mobile motor one 2-4, bracket 2-5, lifting guide mechanism 2-51, line slideway 2-52, slide 2-53, transmission device 2-531, lift chain wheel drive mechanism one 2-5311, driving wheel one 2-5312, flower wheel one 2-5313, flower wheel two 2-5314, flower wheel three 2-5315, adjusting knurl one 2-5316, adjusting knurl two 2-5317, elevating chain one 2-532, lift chain wheel drive mechanism two 2-5321, driving wheel two 2-5322, flower wheel four 2-5323, flower wheel five 2-5324, flower wheel six 2-5325, adjusting knurl three 2-5326, adjusting knurl four 2-5327, adjusting knurl five 2-5328, elevating chain two 2-6, lift drive mechanism 2-7, pressure cylinder 2-8, cylinder 2-9, Rolling motor two 2-10, friction wheel motor two 2-11, friction wheel two 2-12, guiding mechanism 2-121, firm banking 2-122, side rails 2-123, bottom guide track 2-13, travelling arm 2-14, locating part one 2-15, stay bearing plate 2-16, guide groove 2-17, guiding mechanism 2-171, grooved guide rail 2-172, pulley 2-18, travelling arm 2-19, fixed frame 2-20, line slideway 2-21, pusher 2-211, cliding seat 2-212, material-pushing frame 2-22, engine installation 2-221, Timing Belt one 2-222, synchronous pulley one 2-223, transmission shaft 2-224, Timing Belt two 2-225, synchronous pulley two
3, rack device under workpiece
4, shelf 4-1, storage rack 4-2, enter, conveying body 4-21, shelf cylinder 4-22, chain wheel driving mechanism 4-23, friction wheel transmission device one 4-231, friction wheel one 4-3, guide rail two 4-4, discharging support 4-5, mobile motor two 4-6, bracket 4-7, lift drive mechanism 4-8, manipulator 4-81, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism 4-811, crossbeam 4-812, sliding seat 4-813, vertical beam 4-814, permanent seat 4-815, X-axis motor 4-816, Z axis motor 4-817, y-axis motor 4-82, Acetabula device 4-821, sucker disk seat 4-8211, suspension bracket 4-8212, sucker bar 4-822, sucker 4-9, pressure cylinder 4-10, cylinder 4-11, Rolling motor three 4-12, friction wheel motor three 4-13, friction wheel three
5, feeding output unit
6, transverse delivery mechanism 6-1, horizontally send support 6-2, horizontal power transmission machine 6-3, transmission shaft 6-4, power drum conveyer 6-41, horizontally send cylinder 6-42, drive belt
7, power drum bay-lift 8, power drum conveyer 9, roller conveyor
10, planer-type rotating machine arm 10-1, portal frame 10-2, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism 10-21, curb girder 10-22, crossbeam 10-23, sliding seat 10-24, column 10-25, permanent seat 10-26, X-axis motor 10-27, y-axis motor 10-28, lifting motor 10-29, rotating machine 10-3, Acetabula device 10-31, sucker disk seat 10-32, sucker
11, lateral pushing mechanism 11-1, horizontal send guide rail 11-2, sliding seat 11-3, lifting push bracket 11-31, lifting pressure cylinder 11-32, push bracket 11-321, transverse bar 11-322, push pedal 11-323, back shield 11-4, pressure cylinder two
12, support frame 1, rushing board mechanism one 13-1, electric machine 13-2, imput shaft 13-3, Timing Belt wheels 13-4, push pedal assembly 13-41, cliding seat 13-42, guide rail 14, roller
15, support frame 2 16, rushing board mechanism two 16-1, electric machine 16-2, imput shaft 16-3, Timing Belt wheels 16-4, push pedal assembly 16-41, cliding seat 16-42, push pedal frame 16-43, guide rail 16-44, horizontal push rod 17, transition delivery roller
18, driving chain.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1-Fig. 2, Fig. 5-Fig. 9, Figure 13-Figure 20, the utility model is a kind of automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component, this sorting arrangement is mainly used in the sorting work before for wood plank (being called for short workpiece below) packaging, structurally comprise to workpiece information carry out the upper and lower rack device of the master controller of typing and/or reading, feed conveying device 1, workpiece 2,3, shelf 4 and feeding output unit 5; Feeding output unit 5 is generally, with horizontal form of sending, the workpiece on shelf is sent into the conveyer in next mechanism; The upper and lower rack device of master controller connection control feed conveying device 1, workpiece 2,3, feeding output unit 5; Shelf 4 are provided with some layers of storage rack 4-1, for depositing workpiece; The upper and lower rack device correspondence of workpiece is arranged on the outside of shelf 4, feed conveying device 1 is arranged on the input end of workpiece installation device 2, the lift drive mechanism that the upper and lower rack device of workpiece 2,3 is respectively arranged with the adjustable bracket of position height, drives bracket to move up and down, bracket is movably arranged on outside the storage rack of shelf, by the height of bracket, can be the storage rack conveying workpieces of different layers or extract workpiece.
Described feed conveying device 1 comprises power and tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism 1-1 and tiltedly roll corresponding some groups of conveying mechanism with power and directly walk transverse delivery mechanism 1-2; Power tiltedly rolls the oblique cylinder group 1-13 that conveying mechanism 1-1 comprises charging frame 1-11, motor 1-12 and becomes certain angle of inclination with horizontal surface, oblique cylinder group is arranged on charging frame 1-11, be made up of multiple oblique cylinder be arranged in order, the end solderless wrapped connection of oblique cylinder has driving band 1-14, the mouth of motor is connected with transmission shaft 1-15, and transmission shaft connects drive driving band 1-14;
The charging support 1-11 of the high order end in the two ends of oblique cylinder group is provided with gear by 1-111, when workpiece is put in oblique cylinder group, motor drives driving band by transmission shaft, driving band drives oblique cylinder, workpiece is walked forward, due to the inclination certain angle of oblique cylinder, workpiece is progressively drawn close by direction to gear, finally near keeping off by walking, by widening the spacing of every block workpiece along the mode of oblique cylinder group conveying work pieces direction Shift speed segmentally.
The described transverse delivery mechanism 1-2 that directly walks comprises and directly walks conveying mechanism 1-21 and transverse delivery mechanism 1-22, directly walk conveying mechanism 1-21 comprise directly walk to carry frame 1-211 and on arrange successively multiplely directly walk conveying cylinder 1-212, directly walk conveying cylinder and driven by motor one 1-214 by belt 1-213; Transverse delivery mechanism 1-22 comprises and horizontally send the load-transfer device 1-222 of at least two synchronized operations of upper frame 1-221 and upper setting thereof, drives the horizontal pressure cylinder 1-223 sending upper frame to be elevated, and load-transfer device is driven by motor two 1-224; The throughput direction directly walking conveying mechanism and transverse delivery mechanism forms an angle, preferably mutually vertical.Directly walk between transverse delivery mechanism 1-2 and storage rack 4-1 and be connected with transverse delivery mechanism 6, transverse delivery mechanism 6 comprises and horizontally send support 6-1 and horizontal power transmission machine 6-2, the transmission shaft 6-3 of upper setting, the synchronous belt conveying mechanism be connected with transmission shaft or power drum conveyer 6-4, and motor connects drive transmission shaft by the mode of gear transmission, chain sprocket drive or belt wheel transmission.Wherein, synchronous belt conveying mechanism comprises at least two group synchronous conveyer bands, along transmission shaft being fixed with the synchronizing wheel corresponding with described synchronous conveyer band, drive synchronizing wheel by transmission shaft, then drive synchronous conveyer band to be received by workpiece in synchronous transport by synchronizing wheel and workpiece is positioned over correct position.Power drum conveyer 6-4 comprises and is arranged on that horizontal to send on support multiple horizontal send cylinder 6-41, is set in and horizontally send the 6-42 of the drive belt between cylinder and transmission shaft, drive drive belt by transmission shaft, then drive the horizontal cylinder that send that workpiece is delivered to next mechanism by drive belt.
The described form that arranges directly walking the load-transfer device of transverse delivery mechanism and transverse delivery mechanism is various, can adopt any one in V V belt translation, chain plate driving, Belt Drive and toothed belt transmission.
Described storage rack 4-1 sets gradually from top to bottom, shelf 4 is provided with charging and discharging conveying mechanism 4-2, for the workpiece on upper and lower for workpiece rack device 2,3 being sent into storage rack or sending the workpiece on storage rack to the upper and lower rack device of workpiece.
Described charging and discharging conveying mechanism 4-2 comprises friction wheel transmission device one 4-23 being arranged in the multiple shelf cylinder 4-21 on shelf, the chain wheel driving mechanism 4-22 be connected with shelf cylinder and connecting band movable sprocket transmission device, chain wheel driving mechanism 4-22 by drive sprocket, be fixed on the driven sprocket on the main shaft of shelf cylinder and the messenger chain be set on drive sprocket and driven sprocket forms, friction wheel transmission device one 4-23 comprises friction wheel one 4-231 be in transmission connection with the wheel shaft of drive sprocket.
Described workpiece installation device 2 comprises guide rail one 2-1 be arranged on outside shelf, the movable charging support 2-2 arranged on guide rail one 2-1, drive charging support 2-2 along mobile motor one 2-3 of guide rail one movement, be movably arranged on the bracket 2-4 on charging support, be divided into the lifting guide mechanism 2-5 of bracket both sides, with the lift drive mechanism 2-6 that driven bracket moves up and down, bracket 2-4 is provided with pressure cylinder 2-7, cylinder 2-8 and head roll are around Rolling motor two 2-9 of its main axis, the piston rod of pressure cylinder is fixedly connected with the slip gear two be made up of friction wheel motor two 2-10 and friction wheel two 2-11,
During running, lifting mechanism drives bracket lifting to correct position, Rolling motor two drives cylinder to rotate, workpiece is sent into workpiece installation device by feed conveying device and is delivered to correct position by cylinder, lifting mechanism drives bracket lifting to correct position, and pressure cylinder running drives friction wheel motor two to proceed to correct position, and friction wheel motor two drives friction wheel two running, friction wheel two drives friction wheel one running on shelf, and workpiece sends into shelf storage from workpiece installation device.
Under described workpiece, rack device 3 comprises the manipulator 4-8 being arranged on and guide rail two 4-3 outside shelf 4, guide rail two are arranged above movable discharging support 4-4, the lift drive mechanism 4-7 driving discharging support 4-4 to move up and down along mobile motor two 4-5 of guide rail two 4-3 movement, the bracket 4-6 be movably arranged on discharging support 4-4, the lifting guide mechanism 4-7 being divided into bracket 4-6 both sides, driven bracket and the bracket arranged, bracket 4-6 is provided with pressure cylinder 4-9, cylinder 4-10 and head roll Rolling motor three 4-11 around its main axis, the piston rod of pressure cylinder is fixedly connected with the slip gear three be made up of friction wheel motor three 4-12 and friction wheel three 4-13, friction wheel three drive charging and discharging conveying mechanism friction wheel one running, described manipulator 4-8 comprises the X be arranged on bracket 4-6, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism 4-81 and X, Y, the Acetabula device 4-82 that Z tri-axle travel mechanism is arranged, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism 4-81 comprise be arranged on bracket cylinder above with the crossbeam 4-811 of the driving rack arranged along X-direction, to be flexibly connected with crossbeam and along the sliding seat 4-812 of crossbeam direction movement, be arranged on the vertical beam 4-813 with the driving rack arranged along Z-direction in sliding seat, permanent seat 4-814 fixing on vertical beam, permanent seat is arranged with the guide rail arranged along Y direction and tooth bar, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of X-axis motor 4-815 and crossbeam, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of Z axis motor 4-816 and vertical beam, permanent seat is provided with y-axis motor 4-817 and tooth bar engaged transmission, Acetabula device 4-82 is arranged on permanent seat, and Acetabula device 4-82 comprises sucker disk seat 4-821, multiple sucker 4-822, tracheae and vacuum generating device, and multiple sucker is arranged on sucker disk seat 4-821, and vacuum generating device is by tracheae connecting sucker seat.Sucker disk seat 4-821 comprises the suspension bracket 4-8211 be made up of vertical pole and the both sides cross bar being movably connected on vertical pole two ends and the sucker bar 4-8212 of at least two be movably arranged on below suspension bracket, and multiple sucker is arranged on sucker bar.
The lifting guide mechanism 2-5 of described workpiece installation device is consistent with the lifting guide mechanism 4-7 structure of rack device under workpiece, for the lifting guide mechanism 2-5 of workpiece installation device, comprise the line slideway 2-51 being divided into bracket both sides and the slide 2-52 be movably arranged on line slideway, lifting mechanism adopts pressure cylinder to drive or motor-driven mode, pressure cylinder type of drive is arranged on pressure cylinder in the below of bracket, and motor-driven mode is then drive bracket to be elevated by lifting motor by transmission device 2-53.
Described transmission device 2-53 preference chain wheel drive mechanism, comprise lift chain wheel drive mechanism one 2-531 and lift chain wheel drive mechanism two 2-532 that are connected with the both sides of bracket respectively, lift chain wheel drive mechanism one 2-531 comprises driving wheel one 2-5311, flower wheel one 2-5312, flower wheel two 2-5313, flower wheel three 2-5314, adjusting knurl one 2-5315, adjusting knurl two 2-5316 and elevating chain one 2-5317, driving wheel one 2-5311, flower wheel one 2-5312, flower wheel two 2-5313, flower wheel three 2-5314 is corner distribution, adjusting knurl one 2-5315, adjusting knurl two 2-5316 is arranged between flower wheel three 2-5314 and driving wheel one 2-5311, the drive sprocket axle one of driving wheel one 2-5311, the follower shaft one of flower wheel one, the follower shaft two of flower wheel two, the follower shaft three of flower wheel three forms four axle parallel constructions, the initiating terminal of elevating chain one is from driving wheel one, successively through flower wheel one, flower wheel two and flower wheel three, after adjusting knurl one passes and connects bracket, extend to adjusting knurl two direction, after adjusting knurl two transfers change direction, form closed gearing chain ring one in the lump around driving wheel, lift chain wheel drive mechanism two 2-532 comprises driving wheel two 2-5321, flower wheel four 2-5322, flower wheel five 2-5323, flower wheel six 2-5324, adjusting knurl three 2-5325, adjusting knurl four 2-5326, adjusting knurl five 2-5327 and elevating chain two 2-5328, driving wheel two 2-5321 is coaxial with driving wheel one 2-5311, flower wheel four is coaxial with flower wheel one, flower wheel five is coaxial with flower wheel two, flower wheel six is coaxial with flower wheel three, and adjusting knurl three, adjusting knurl four, adjusting knurl five are arranged between flower wheel six and driving wheel two, the initiating terminal of elevating chain two is from driving wheel twos, successively through flower wheel four, flower wheel five and flower wheel six, after adjusting knurl three passes and connects bracket, extend to adjusting knurl four direction, extend to adjusting knurl five direction after adjusting knurl four transfers change direction, extend to driving wheel two after turnover changes direction and form the gearing chain ring two closed.
It should be noted that, workpiece installation device and rack device under workpiece can also be set to the identical form of structure, or by the location swap of upper and lower for workpiece rack device, realize with rack device under workpiece function workpiece being sent into shelf, realize the function of being taken out from shelf by workpiece with workpiece installation device; Certainly, other form also can be adopted to substitute, as: in the bracket of workpiece installation device, the propelling movement that expansion fork arm carries out workpiece is set; Or the tooth bar laying workpiece is set on bracket, utilize motor gear band carry-over bar to push workpiece outward.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the present embodiment, comprise two row's shelf 4, one group of feed conveying device 1, two groups of workpiece installation devices 2, rack device 3 under two groups of workpiece, one group of power drum bay-lift 7 and two series cylinder conveyers 9, wherein, two row's shelf are in A district and B district respectively, feed conveying device is arranged between A district and B district, often arrange shelf 4 and be all furnished with rack device 3 under one group of workpiece installation device 2 and one group of workpiece, conveying mechanism 1-1 is tiltedly rolled containing one group of power in feed conveying device 1, directly walk transverse delivery mechanism 1-2 for 3 groups, 6 groups of transverse delivery mechanisms 6, two groups of power drum conveyers 8, wherein, directly walk transverse delivery mechanism and connect the mouth that power tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism, directly walk transverse delivery mechanism for 3 groups to set gradually and through A district and B district, workpiece is fed forward, 6 groups of transverse delivery mechanisms are divided into two rows, often arrange three groups, make the both sides directly walking transverse delivery mechanism all to being connected to one group of transverse delivery mechanism 6, so that workpiece to be sent into the shelf in A district or B district.Two series cylinder conveyers be respectively with rack device corresponding matching under two groups of workpiece, under roller conveyor and workpiece, two groups of transverse delivery mechanisms 6 are set between rack device.
In use, each workpiece can label one when sawing sheet is produced, and this label has one be different from other label, unique one-dimension code, ensures the uniqueness of workpiece.Label first can arrange different single unit shelf corresponding to each label before being attached to workpiece, and by the information of correspondence input master controller.Workpiece is initial own by the details typing bar code of workpiece or Quick Response Code from processing, workpiece tiltedly rolls conveyer through the code reader scanning workpiece automatic transport of master controller to power, workpiece makes the automatic snap of workpiece gear on one side lean on by the oblique cylinder of belt-driving, and widen every block workpiece spacing by Shift speed segmentally, then according to workpiece bar code or Quick Response Code scanning information automatic transport to sorting line A, transverse delivery mechanism is directly walked by B district, after workpiece arrives, auto-induction apparatus starts directly to walk and horizontally send the jacking frame of machine and corresponding Timing Belt, automatic induction delivers to the transverse delivery mechanism of plugging into it by horizontal for workpiece, when workpiece fails to identify scanning through code reader, automatic induction workpiece carries out heap by power drum conveyer automatic transport to the power drum bay-lift of end and connects, and then will fail to identify that piling the workpiece automatic rotary connect is transported to the subsides code region of specifying, again post bar shaped or Quick Response Code, again carry out scanning sorting.
Scanned workpiece, automatic transport is to A, B district, left and right specified, then workpiece is responded to after on each transverse delivery mechanism of being transported to and having vacant position automatically, automatically respond at the workpiece installation device of both sides and arrive the transverse delivery mechanism assigned address nearest with it, transverse delivery mechanism starts, horizontally send workpiece and workpiece installation device automatically to start cylinder to dock, thus workpiece is transported in the roller bench of workpiece installation device.It is automatic vertical lifting that workpiece installation device carries workpiece, the modes such as horizontal slip operate, and sensor device when operating in workpiece installation device, the actual storage situation of the workpiece on automatic detection identification shelf, then automatically respond to and the idle position in storehouse that makes one's options fast, after workpiece installation device arrives the determined position of sensor automatically, the friction wheel of the automatic induction bonded of its dynamic friction wheel mechanism and shelf produces the shelf cylinder rubbing to drive on shelf, thus workpiece is transported on shelf assigned address, and the detail location that workpiece stores is fed back to PC main control system simultaneously, workpiece information passed to rack device under workpiece by PC main control system again.
When the workpiece of shelf needs sorting packing, under workpiece, rack device is automatically responded to and is carried out orderly sorting and stack.Under workpiece, rack device presses the lifting of control program automatic vertical, after horizontal slip arrives the position of specifying, the automatic induction bonded of its dynamic friction wheel mechanism and A, the friction wheel of B district shelf produces the shelf cylinder rubbing and drive on shelf, thus first piece of workpiece is transported to the enterprising windrow of power drum platform folds, under workpiece, rack device arrives again the position that system program is specified automatically, automatically the friction wheel started under workpiece on rack device combines with the friction wheel mechanism of shelf to rub and drives cylinder to rotate second piece of workpiece again, simultaneously under workpiece, the Acetabula device of the manipulator of rack device is also automatically responded to sucker and is placed into above first piece of workpiece by holding second piece of workpiece by the wrapping position set, describe according to above by that analogy, manually weave the packet assembler of each parcel post, the good each parcel post of automatic stacking.
Under workpiece, rack device is by after good for pre-set parcel post automatic stacking, control system will control the transverse delivery mechanism that under workpiece, rack device automatic vertical is elevated, horizontal slip arrives sorting line rear end automatically automatically, by parcel post automatic transport on transverse delivery mechanism, automatically parcel post is transported to and directly walks transverse delivery mechanism by induction again, then be finally transported on power drum conveyer, automatic transport is on next automatic packaging process.Embodiment 2
As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, it comprises two row's shelf 4, one group of feed conveying device 1, two groups of workpiece installation devices 2, rack device 3 under two groups of workpiece, one group of power drum bay-lift 7 and two series cylinder conveyers 9, wherein, two row's shelf are in A district and B district respectively, feed conveying device is arranged between A district and B district, often arrange shelf and be all furnished with rack device under one group of workpiece installation device and one group of workpiece, in Fig. 3, two series cylinder conveyers are the outsides of the shelf being separately positioned on A district and B district, two series cylinder conveyers be respectively with rack device corresponding matching under two groups of workpiece, under roller conveyor and workpiece, arrange three groups between rack device directly walk transverse delivery mechanism, compared with embodiment 1, the efficiency that workpiece on its shelf is sent can promote to some extent.
In feed conveying device containing one group of power tiltedly roll conveying mechanism, 3 groups directly walk transverse delivery mechanism, 6 groups of transverse delivery mechanisms, two groups of power drum conveyers, wherein, directly walk transverse delivery mechanism and connect the mouth that power tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism, directly walk transverse delivery mechanism for 3 groups to set gradually and through A district and B district, workpiece is fed forward, and 6 groups of transverse delivery mechanisms are divided into two rows, often arrange three groups, make the both sides directly walking transverse delivery mechanism all to being connected to one group of transverse delivery mechanism, so that workpiece to be sent into the shelf in A district or B district.
In use, workpiece is initial own by the details typing bar code of workpiece or Quick Response Code from processing, workpiece tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism through code reader scanning workpiece automatic transport to power, workpiece makes the automatic snap of workpiece gear on one side lean on by belt transmission roller, and widen every block workpiece spacing by Shift speed segmentally, then according to workpiece bar code or Quick Response Code scanning information automatic transport to sorting line A, transverse delivery mechanism is directly walked by B district, after workpiece arrives, auto-induction apparatus starts directly to walk and horizontally send the jacking frame of machine and corresponding Timing Belt, automatic induction delivers to the transverse delivery mechanism of plugging into it by horizontal for workpiece, when workpiece fails to identify scanning through code reader, automatic induction workpiece carries out heap by power drum conveyer automatic transport to the power drum bay-lift of end and connects, and then will fail to identify that piling the workpiece automatic rotary connect is transported to the subsides code region of specifying, again post bar shaped or Quick Response Code, again carry out scanning sorting.
Scanned workpiece, automatic transport is to A, B district, left and right specified, then workpiece is responded to after on each transverse delivery mechanism of being transported to and having vacant position automatically, automatically respond at the workpiece installation device of both sides and arrive the transverse delivery mechanism assigned address nearest with it, transverse delivery mechanism starts, horizontally send workpiece and workpiece installation device automatically to start cylinder to dock, thus workpiece is transported in the roller bench of workpiece installation device.It is automatic vertical lifting that workpiece installation device carries workpiece, the modes such as horizontal slip operate, and sensor device when operating in workpiece installation device, the actual storage situation of the workpiece on automatic detection identification shelf, then automatically respond to and the idle position in storehouse that makes one's options fast, after workpiece installation device arrives the determined position of sensor automatically, the friction wheel of the automatic induction bonded of its dynamic friction wheel mechanism and shelf produces the shelf cylinder rubbing to drive on shelf, thus workpiece is transported on shelf assigned address, and the detail location that workpiece stores is fed back to PC main control system simultaneously, workpiece information passed to rack device under workpiece by PC main control system again.
The sorting work of workpiece is finished control program by master controller and is controlled rack device under workpiece and carry out orderly sorting and stack.Under workpiece, rack device presses the lifting of control program automatic vertical, after horizontal slip arrives the position of specifying, the friction wheel of the shelf in the automatic induction bonded of its friction wheel mechanism and A district and B district produces the shelf cylinder rubbing to drive on shelf, thus the parting bead mounting table of rack device under first piece of workpiece being transported to automatically workpiece, three groups of parting bead doffers are automatically responded to and are placed on workpiece by parting bead, the roller bench automatically returning to rack device under workpiece after placement waits for the stacking of second piece of workpiece, under workpiece, rack device arrives again the position that system program is specified automatically, friction wheel mechanism under workpiece on rack device combines with the friction wheel mechanism of shelf to rub and drives cylinder to rotate second piece of workpiece, under workpiece the separate machine hand Acetabula device of rack device also automatically respond to sucker be placed into above first piece of workpiece by holding second piece of workpiece by the wrapping position set, describe according to above by that analogy, manually weave the packet assembler of each parcel post, the good each parcel post of automatic stacking.Under workpiece, rack device is by after good for pre-set parcel post automatic stacking, control system automatically by automatically controlling rack device automatic vertical lifting under workpiece, transverse delivery mechanism that horizontal slip arrives sorting line rear end by parcel post automatic transport on transverse delivery mechanism, automatically parcel post is transported to and directly walks transverse delivery mechanism by induction again, then be finally transported on power drum conveyer, automatic transport is on next automatic packaging process.
Embodiment 3
As shown in Fig. 4, Figure 21, Figure 22, the present embodiment is compared with embodiment 2 with embodiment 1, and its parts related to are maximum, but degree of automation is also the highest, most effective.It comprises rack device 3, six roller conveyor 9, three groups of planer-type rotating machine arms 10 under two row's shelf, 4, one group of feed conveying device, 1, six groups of workpiece installation devices, 2, six groups of workpiece.Wherein, two row's shelf are in A district and B district respectively, feed conveying device is arranged between A district and B district, often arrange shelf and be all furnished with rack device under three groups of workpiece installation devices and three groups of workpiece, under the workpiece of A district and B district shelf, all arrange three groups between rack device and follow-up roller conveyor directly walk transverse delivery mechanism, directly walk to be connected with between transverse delivery mechanism for adjacent two groups and directly walk conveying mechanism, two series cylinder conveyers are divided into the both sides at the rear portion directly walking conveying mechanism, and two series cylinder conveyers with directly walk conveying mechanism connection location planer-type rotating machine arm be set.And feed conveying device has continued to use the version of embodiment 2 substantially, the mouth uniquely unlike the power drum conveyer at feed conveying device set up planer-type rotating machine arm and has been equipped with two series cylinder conveyers.
Wherein, planer-type rotating machine arm 10 comprises the X of portal frame 10-1 and upper setting thereof, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism 10-2, be arranged on X, Y, Acetabula device 10-3 in Z tri-axle travel mechanism, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism 10-2 comprises the two curb girder 10-21 with the driving rack arranged along Y direction be arranged on portal frame 10-1, be arranged on the crossbeam 10-22 with the driving rack arranged along X-direction between two curb girders, to be flexibly connected with crossbeam and along the sliding seat 10-23 of crossbeam direction movement, be arranged on the column 10-24 with the driving rack arranged along Z-direction in sliding seat, permanent seat 10-25 fixing on column, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of X-axis motor 10-26 and crossbeam, crossbeam is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of y-axis motor 10-27 and curb girder, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of lifting motor 10-28 and column, permanent seat is provided with rotating machine 10-29, Acetabula device 10-3 is arranged on the output shaft of rotating machine, Acetabula device 10-3 comprises sucker disk seat 10-31, multiple sucker 10-32, tracheae and vacuum generating device, multiple sucker is arranged on sucker disk seat, and vacuum generating device is by tracheae connecting sucker seat,
In the running, X-axis motor drives sliding seat to move to correct position by rack-and-gear, y-axis motor drives cross beam movement to correct position by rack-and-gear, lifting motor drives Acetabula device to move to above workpiece by rack-and-gear, rotating machine is by gear driven sucker rotary alignment workpiece, sucker running picks up workpiece, y-axis motor drives cross beam movement to correct position by rack-and-gear, crossbeam motor drives column to move to correct position by rack-and-gear, lifting motor drives column to move to correct position by rack-and-gear, rotating machine is by gear driven sucker rotational alignment position, sucker quits work and puts down workpiece, workpiece is positioned in next mechanism.
In use, workpiece completed all processing before entering sorting line, first by code reader, barcode scanning is in an orderly manner carried out to each workpiece, tiltedly roll conveyer by power in an orderly manner after barcode scanning completes and enter sorting line, if workpiece early stage barcode scanning there is mistake, occur one-dimension code do not read or the phenomenon such as read error time, it is subordinate that workpiece can directly deliver to planer-type rotating machinery via the travel line directly walking transverse delivery mechanism, power drum conveyer forms, be transported on power drum bay-lift by planer-type rotary machine hand again, then deliver to following process or do over again.
When workpiece one-dimension code reads successfully and after entering sorting line in an orderly manner, workpiece tiltedly rolls conveyer sends at power directly walks transverse delivery mechanism, by directly walking, transverse delivery mechanism jacking is horizontal delivers to transverse delivery mechanism again, workpiece is sent into workpiece installation device by transverse delivery mechanism, work piece delivery is extremely played corresponding unit shelf by the information that workpiece installation device sends according to main frame, when workpiece needs packaging, the information that under workpiece, rack device is come by Host Transfer, be sent to the position at workpiece place, workpiece is taken out from the storage rack shelf, transverse delivery mechanism is sent into again by rack device under workpiece, again via directly walking transverse delivery mechanism, it is subordinate that power drum conveyer is delivered to planer-type rotating machinery, in good order for workpiece packaging together for needs overlays on power drum bay-lift by planer-type rotating machine arm again, after having stacked the plate required for a packaging, subsequent packages is delivered to again by power drum bay-lift.
Embodiment 4
As shown in Figure 10, in the present embodiment, it is the structure of the workpiece installation device 2 being different from embodiment 1.Described bracket 2-4 arranges at least two guiding mechanism 2-12 arranged along feed direction, guiding mechanism is movably set with travelling arm 2-13, and travelling arm 2-13 is connected with the engine installation driving it to move forward and backward along guiding mechanism.Engine installation adopts the form of pressure cylinder, connects by the piston rod of pressure cylinder the front and back slippage driving travelling arm.Guiding mechanism 2-12 comprises the firm banking 2-121 being provided with U-type groove, two side rails 2-122, the bottom guide track 2-123 be arranged in U-type groove, travelling arm 2-13 is provided with the slide unit of the male-female engagement corresponding with described guide rail, locating part one 2-14 is respectively arranged with in the front and rear portions of U-type groove, travelling arm is provided with the locating part two with locating part one movable top force fit, for limiting the stroke of travelling arm.
Embodiment 5
As shown in figure 11, in the present embodiment, it is the structure of the workpiece installation device 2 being different from embodiment 1.Described bracket 2-4 is arranged side by side at least three pieces of stay bearing plate 2-15, guide groove 2-16 is left between two adjacent stay bearing plates, guiding mechanism 2-17 is provided with in guide groove 2-16, guide frame is movably set with travelling arm 2-18, travelling arm 2-18 is connected with the engine installation driving it to move forward and backward along guiding mechanism.Guiding mechanism 2-17 comprises and is arranged on grooved guide rail 2-171 between travelling arm 2-18 with guide groove 2-16 and the pulley 2-172 corresponding with grooved guide rail, and grooved guide rail is consistent with feed direction.Engine installation comprises motor and gear, and travelling arm is provided with tooth bar along its feed direction, rack and pinion engaged transmission, and motor, by gear connecting band carry-over bar, realizes the front and back slippage of travelling arm, thus the function into shelf sent by workpiece by realization.
Embodiment 5
As shown in figure 12, in the present embodiment, it is the structure of the workpiece installation device 2 being different from embodiment 1.Above supporting plate 2-4, be provided with fixed frame 2-19, be provided with in fixed frame arrange along feed direction be parallel to each other two line slideway 2-20, the pusher 2-21 be movably arranged on two line slideways, drive the pusher linearly engine installation 2-22 that reciprocates of guide rail direction.Pusher 2-21 comprises and the cliding seat 2-211 of line slideway bearing fit and the material-pushing frame 2-212 be fixed on cliding seat, engine installation adopts motor drive mode, transmission shaft 2-223 is connected with by Timing Belt one 2-221 and synchronous pulley one 2-222 by motor, transmission shaft is connected with the synchronous pulley driving mechanism be made up of Timing Belt two 2-224 and synchronous pulley two 2-225, material-pushing frame is provided with the moving member engaged with the teeth of Timing Belt two, moving member is driven to move along feed direction or reversing sense by Timing Belt two, thus drive material-pushing frame to move along line slideway.
Embodiment 6
As shown in figs. 23-25, in the present embodiment, horizontal sending below the load-transfer device 1-222 of upper frame 1-221 is provided with lateral pushing mechanism 11, lateral pushing mechanism 11 comprises and horizontally send guide rail 11-1, is movably arranged on the lifting push bracket 11-3 that the horizontal sliding seat 11-2 sent on guide rail, sliding seat are arranged, sliding seat is connected with and drives it along horizontal pressure cylinder two 11-4 sending guide rail to reciprocate, and lifting push bracket 11-3 comprises lifting pressure cylinder 11-31, is arranged on the push bracket 11-32 of the interval location between load-transfer device.In the present embodiment, push bracket comprises the transverse bar 11-321 being provided with kink and the push pedal 11-322 being fixed on transverse bar front end, and be fixed on the back shield 11-323 on kink, back shield is connected with lifting pressure cylinder 11-31.
As shown in figure 26, the bracket 2-4 of described workpiece installation device 2 is provided with support frame 1, this support frame 1 is fixed on above cylinder 2-8, support frame 1 is provided with rushing board mechanism 1, rushing board mechanism 1 comprises electric machine 13-1, the imput shaft 13-2 be connected with electric machine, the at least two group Timing Belt wheels 13-3 be connected with imput shaft, the push pedal assembly 13-4 be connected with Timing Belt wheels, push pedal assembly comprises the cliding seat 13-41 be connected with the driven belt wheel shaft of Timing Belt wheels, the guide rail 13-42 corresponding with cliding seat, guide rail is parallel with the Timing Belt of Timing Belt wheels, cliding seat is movably arranged on guide rail.
In addition, in order to strengthen fluency and the stability of fill process, the cylinder of described shelf replaces with the roller 14 that some rows are parallel to each other, as shown in figure 27.
As shown in figure 28, support frame 2 15 is provided with above described bracket 4-6, in the present embodiment, what manipulator 4-8 adopted is the form of pushing tow, manipulator 4-8 comprises the rushing board mechanism 2 16 be arranged on support frame 2 15, rushing board mechanism two comprises electric machine 16-1, the imput shaft 16-2 be connected with electric machine 16-1, the at least two group Timing Belt wheels 16-3 be connected with imput shaft, be connected to the push pedal assembly 16-4 between two adjacent groups Timing Belt wheels, push pedal assembly comprises the cliding seat 16-41 be connected with the driven belt wheel shaft of Timing Belt wheels, the push pedal frame 16-42 that cliding seat 16-41 is arranged, the guide rail 16-43 corresponding with cliding seat, guide rail is parallel with the Timing Belt of Timing Belt wheels, cliding seat is movably arranged on guide rail, the end of push pedal frame is provided with and the horizontal push rod 16-44 of free-running fit parallel with the cylinder of bracket.In order to increase the fluency of transmission, the edge of bracket is provided with downward-sloping transition delivery roller 17.
It should be noted that the Acetabula device of planer-type rotating machine arm also can adopt the form of a sucker bar, and X, Y, Z tri-increases driving chain 18 in axle travel mechanism, make operation more stable and smooth and easy, as Figure 29.
The utility model carries out having furniture made to order the sorting work before packing by design automation sorting arrangement, substitute the mode adopting manual sorting in industry of all the time having furniture made to order, the sorting work of 10000 blocks of plates only needs 1-2 people just can sort for continuous 8 hours, and error rate is reduced to 5%-10%, before comparing, there is the features such as the place taken is little, work efficiency increases, labour intensity reduces, error rate reduction.
Above-described is only preferred implementation of the present utility model; it should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model creation design; can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic sorting apparatus for plate fitment component, is characterized in that, comprises and carries out the master controller of typing and/or reading, feed conveying device, the upper and lower rack device of workpiece and shelf to workpiece information;
Master controller connection control feed conveying device, the upper and lower rack device of workpiece;
Described shelf are provided with some layers of storage rack, for depositing workpiece;
The upper and lower rack device correspondence of described workpiece is arranged on the outside of shelf, feed conveying device is arranged on the input end of workpiece installation device, the lift drive mechanism that the upper and lower rack device of workpiece is respectively arranged with the adjustable bracket of position height, drives bracket to move up and down, bracket is movably arranged on outside the storage rack of shelf.
2 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it also comprises the power drum bay-lift of the mouth being arranged on feed conveying device, power drum bay-lift is connected with master controller, power drum bay-lift comprises multiple cylinders that the upper frame of bay-lift support and upper setting thereof, upper frame are arranged, the HM Hydraulic Motor driving upper frame lifting, and connecting the motor driving cylinder to rotate, motor is by chain-driving cylinder;
The mouth of power drum bay-lift is provided with planer-type rotating machine arm, planer-type rotating machine arm comprises the X of portal frame and upper setting thereof, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism, be arranged on X, Y, Acetabula device in Z tri-axle travel mechanism, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism comprises two curb girders with the driving rack arranged along Y direction be arranged on portal frame, be arranged on the crossbeam with the driving rack arranged along X-direction between two curb girders, to be flexibly connected with crossbeam and along the sliding seat of crossbeam direction movement, be arranged on the column with the driving rack arranged along Z-direction in sliding seat, permanent seat fixing on column, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of X-axis motor and crossbeam, crossbeam is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of y-axis motor and curb girder, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of lifting motor and column, permanent seat is provided with rotating machine, Acetabula device is arranged on the output shaft of rotating machine, Acetabula device comprises sucker disk seat, multiple sucker, tracheae and vacuum generating device, and multiple sucker is arranged on sucker disk seat, and vacuum generating device is by tracheae connecting sucker seat.
3 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described feed conveying device comprises power and tiltedly rolls conveying mechanism and tiltedly roll corresponding some groups of conveying mechanism with power and directly walk transverse delivery mechanism;
Power tiltedly rolls the oblique cylinder group that conveying mechanism comprises charging frame, motor and becomes certain angle of inclination with horizontal surface, oblique cylinder group is arranged in charging frame, be made up of multiple oblique cylinder be arranged in order, the end solderless wrapped connection of oblique cylinder has driving band, the mouth of motor is connected with transmission shaft, and transmission shaft connects drive driving band; The charging support of the high order end in the two ends of oblique cylinder group is provided with gear lean on;
Described transverse delivery mechanism of directly walking comprises and directly walks conveying mechanism and transverse delivery mechanism, directly walk conveying mechanism comprise directly walk to carry frame and on arrange successively multiplely directly walk conveying cylinder, directly walk conveying cylinder and driven by motor one by belt; Transverse delivery mechanism comprises and horizontally send the load-transfer device of at least two synchronized operations of upper frame and upper setting thereof, drives the horizontal pressure cylinder sending upper frame to be elevated, and load-transfer device is driven by motor two; The throughput direction directly walking conveying mechanism and transverse delivery mechanism forms an angle.
4 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, horizontal sending below the load-transfer device of upper frame is provided with lateral pushing mechanism, lateral pushing mechanism comprises and horizontally send guide rail, is movably arranged on the lifting push bracket that the horizontal sliding seat sent on guide rail, sliding seat are arranged, sliding seat is connected with and drives it along the horizontal pressure cylinder two sending guide rail to reciprocate, and lifting push bracket comprises lifting pressure cylinder, is arranged on the push bracket of the interval location between load-transfer device;
Described push bracket comprises the transverse bar being provided with kink and the push pedal of being fixed on transverse bar front end, and be fixed on the back shield on kink, back shield is connected with lifting pressure cylinder.
5 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described directly walking between transverse delivery mechanism and storage rack is connected with transverse delivery mechanism, transverse delivery mechanism comprises the horizontal horizontal power transmission machine, transmission shaft, the synchronous belt conveying mechanism be connected with transmission shaft or the power drum conveyer that send support and upper setting thereof, and motor connects drive transmission shaft by the mode of gear transmission, chain sprocket drive or belt wheel transmission;
Described synchronous belt conveying mechanism comprises at least two group synchronous conveyer bands, along transmission shaft being fixed with the synchronizing wheel corresponding with described synchronous conveyer band, drive synchronizing wheel by transmission shaft, then drive synchronous conveyer band to be received by workpiece in synchronous transport by synchronizing wheel and workpiece is positioned over correct position;
Described power drum conveyer comprises and is arranged on that horizontal to send on support multiple horizontal send cylinder, be set in the horizontal drive belt sent between cylinder and transmission shaft, drives drive belt, then drive the horizontal cylinder that send that workpiece is delivered to next mechanism by drive belt by transmission shaft.
6 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described storage rack sets gradually from top to bottom, shelf are provided with charging and discharging conveying mechanism, for the workpiece on upper and lower for workpiece rack device being sent into storage rack or being sent by the workpiece on storage rack to the upper and lower rack device of workpiece;
Described charging and discharging conveying mechanism comprises the friction wheel transmission device one of the multiple shelf cylinders be arranged on shelf, the chain wheel driving mechanism be connected with shelf cylinder and connecting band movable sprocket transmission device, chain wheel driving mechanism by drive sprocket, be fixed on the driven sprocket on the main shaft of shelf cylinder and the messenger chain be set on drive sprocket and driven sprocket forms, friction wheel transmission device one comprises the friction wheel one be in transmission connection with the wheel shaft of drive sprocket.
7 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described workpiece installation device comprises the guide rail one be arranged on outside storage rack, the movable charging support arranged on guide rail one, drive charging support along the mobile motor one of guide rail one movement, be movably arranged on the bracket on charging support, be divided into the lifting guide mechanism of bracket both sides, with the lift drive mechanism that driven bracket moves up and down, bracket is provided with pressure cylinder, cylinder and head roll are around the Rolling motor two of its main axis, the piston rod of pressure cylinder is fixedly connected with the slip gear two be made up of friction wheel motor two and friction wheel two,
Under described workpiece, rack device comprises the manipulator being arranged on and guide rail two outside storage rack, guide rail two are arranged above movable discharging support, the lift drive mechanism driving discharging support to move up and down along the mobile motor two of guide rail two movement, the bracket be movably arranged on discharging support, the lifting guide mechanism being divided into bracket both sides, driven bracket and the bracket arranged.
8 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, support frame two is provided with above bracket on described discharging support, manipulator comprises the rushing board mechanism two be arranged on support frame two, and rushing board mechanism two comprises at least two group Timing Belt wheels that imput shaft that electric machine is connected with electric machine is connected with imput shaft, be connected to push pedal assembly between two adjacent groups Timing Belt wheels; Push pedal assembly comprises the cliding seat connected with the driven belt wheel shaft of Timing Belt wheels, push pedal frame, the guide rail corresponding with cliding seat that cliding seat is arranged, guide rail is parallel with the Timing Belt of Timing Belt wheels, cliding seat is movably arranged on guide rail, and the end of push pedal frame is provided with and the horizontal push rod of free-running fit parallel with the cylinder of bracket.
9 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, described bracket is provided with pressure cylinder, cylinder and the head roll Rolling motor three around its main axis, the piston rod of pressure cylinder is fixedly connected with the slip gear three be made up of friction wheel motor three and friction wheel three, friction wheel three drives friction wheel one running of charging and discharging conveying mechanism;
Manipulator comprises the X be arranged on bracket, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism and X, Y, the Acetabula device that Z tri-axle travel mechanism is arranged, X, Y, Z tri-axle travel mechanism comprise be arranged on bracket cylinder above with the crossbeam of the driving rack arranged along X-direction, to be flexibly connected with crossbeam and along the sliding seat of crossbeam direction movement, be arranged on the vertical beam with the driving rack arranged along Z-direction in sliding seat, permanent seat fixing on vertical beam, permanent seat is arranged with the guide rail arranged along Y direction and tooth bar, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of X-axis motor and crossbeam, sliding seat is provided with the driving rack engaged transmission of Z axis motor and vertical beam, permanent seat is provided with y-axis motor and tooth bar engaged transmission, Acetabula device is arranged on permanent seat,
Described lifting guide mechanism comprises the line slideway being divided into bracket both sides and the slide be movably arranged on line slideway, lifting mechanism adopts pressure cylinder to drive or motor-driven mode, pressure cylinder type of drive is arranged on pressure cylinder in the below of bracket, and motor-driven mode is then drive bracket to be elevated by lifting motor by transmission device;
Described transmission device is chain wheel driving mechanism, comprise the lift chain wheel drive mechanism one and lift chain wheel drive mechanism two that are connected with the both sides of bracket respectively, lift chain wheel drive mechanism one comprises driving wheel one, flower wheel one, flower wheel two, flower wheel three, adjusting knurl one, adjusting knurl two and elevating chain one, driving wheel one, flower wheel one, flower wheel two, flower wheel three is distribution in corner, adjusting knurl one, adjusting knurl two is arranged between flower wheel three and driving wheel one, the drive sprocket axle one of driving wheel one, the follower shaft one of flower wheel one, the follower shaft two of flower wheel two, the follower shaft three of flower wheel three forms four axle parallel constructions,
The initiating terminal of elevating chain one is from driving wheel one, successively through flower wheel one, flower wheel two and flower wheel three, after adjusting knurl one passes and connects bracket, extend to adjusting knurl two direction, after adjusting knurl two transfers change direction, form closed gearing chain ring one in the lump around driving wheel;
Lift chain wheel drive mechanism two comprises driving wheel two, flower wheel four, flower wheel five, flower wheel six, adjusting knurl three, adjusting knurl four, adjusting knurl five and elevating chain two, driving wheel two is coaxial with driving wheel one, flower wheel four is coaxial with flower wheel one, flower wheel five is coaxial with flower wheel two, flower wheel six is coaxial with flower wheel three, and adjusting knurl three, adjusting knurl four, adjusting knurl five are arranged between flower wheel six and driving wheel two;
The initiating terminal of elevating chain two is from driving wheel twos, successively through flower wheel four, flower wheel five and flower wheel six, after adjusting knurl three passes and connects bracket, extend to adjusting knurl four direction, extend to adjusting knurl five direction after adjusting knurl four transfers change direction, extend to driving wheel two after turnover changes direction and form the gearing chain ring two closed.
10 .the automatic sorting apparatus of plate fitment component according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the bracket of described workpiece installation device is provided with support frame one, support frame one is provided with rushing board mechanism one, rushing board mechanism one comprises electric machine, the imput shaft be connected with electric machine, the at least two group Timing Belt wheels be connected with imput shaft, the push pedal assembly be connected with Timing Belt wheels, push pedal assembly comprises the cliding seat be connected with the driven belt wheel shaft of Timing Belt wheels, the guide rail corresponding with cliding seat, guide rail is parallel with the Timing Belt of Timing Belt wheels, cliding seat is movably arranged on guide rail.
CN201520205048.6U 2015-04-07 2015-04-07 Automatic sorting equipment of plate fitment component Active CN204737278U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104787533A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-07-22 广东顺德友力智能科技有限公司 Automatic panel-type furniture member sorting device
CN105620995A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-06-01 山东建筑大学 Automatic storing and fetching device for expresses
CN105692026A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-22 江苏和鹰机电科技有限公司 Leather automatic warehousing system of real leather processing center
CN106005866A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-10-12 青岛海通机器人系统有限公司 Intelligent warehousing system based on mobile robots
CN107954142A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-24 醴陵市绿源商贸有限公司 A kind of material intelligent distribution box storage and carrying method and system and device
CN108722886A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-02 湖州慧斯顿机器人科技有限公司 A kind of categorizing system based on article volume
CN111498412A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-07 海盐华工机械有限公司 Special delivery wagon of ecological brick maintenance

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104787533A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-07-22 广东顺德友力智能科技有限公司 Automatic panel-type furniture member sorting device
CN105692026A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-06-22 江苏和鹰机电科技有限公司 Leather automatic warehousing system of real leather processing center
CN105692026B (en) * 2016-01-29 2018-06-19 江苏和鹰机电科技有限公司 The automatic Input System of cladding of corium machining center
CN105620995A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-06-01 山东建筑大学 Automatic storing and fetching device for expresses
CN106005866A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-10-12 青岛海通机器人系统有限公司 Intelligent warehousing system based on mobile robots
CN107954142A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-04-24 醴陵市绿源商贸有限公司 A kind of material intelligent distribution box storage and carrying method and system and device
CN108722886A (en) * 2018-07-04 2018-11-02 湖州慧斯顿机器人科技有限公司 A kind of categorizing system based on article volume
CN111498412A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-08-07 海盐华工机械有限公司 Special delivery wagon of ecological brick maintenance

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Address after: 528325, No. 1, Heng two road, Jian Jian Industrial Zone, Foshan Town, Shunde District, Guangdong, China

Patentee after: Guangdong friend Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 528325, No. 1, Heng two road, Jian Jian Industrial Zone, Foshan Town, Shunde District, Guangdong, China

Patentee before: Shunde friend power intelligence Science and Technology Ltd.

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PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of utility model: Automatic sorting equipment for panel furniture components

Effective date of registration: 20210728

Granted publication date: 20151104

Pledgee: Guangdong Nanhai Rural Commercial Bank branch branch of Limited by Share Ltd.

Pledgor: GUANGDONG YOULI INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2021980007014