CN204725068U - Automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment - Google Patents

Automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204725068U
CN204725068U CN201520430898.6U CN201520430898U CN204725068U CN 204725068 U CN204725068 U CN 204725068U CN 201520430898 U CN201520430898 U CN 201520430898U CN 204725068 U CN204725068 U CN 204725068U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
welding
workbench
plug screw
axle housing
screw seat
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Application number
CN201520430898.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周青
彭刚
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Qingling Motors Group Co Ltd
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Qingling Motors Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520430898.6U priority Critical patent/CN204725068U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment, the welding bearing comprising base and be arranged on base and workbench, described workbench is provided with at least one group of back axle lid detent mechanism, described welding bearing is provided with upper and lower propulsive mechanism, this upper and lower propulsive mechanism is provided with hold-down mechanism and welding gun, described hold-down mechanism and welding gun are positioned at above workbench, and in described welding gun and workbench, at least one of them is rotatable.The utility model clamping is stable, convenient, avoids the situation of weld blowhole, weld width deficiency; Appearance of weld is attractive in appearance, and welding quality is improved; Eliminate technique plug screw and eliminate invalid operation; Weld seam is disposable to be completed; The welding of multiple product purge cock seat can be carried out, and product can be realized switch fast; The favorable expandability of equipment, reliable operation, efficiency are high, cost is low.

Description

Automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to welder technical field, particularly automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment.
Background technology
Automobile rear axle housing production line back axle covers needs welding axle housing to refuel plug screw seat, and this operation adopts always manually will refuel after plug screw seat is connected with back axle lid with screw rod, then carry out artificial spot-welded, also need screw rod to pull down after having welded.Not only efficiency is low but also welding quality is unstable and hand labor intensity is very large.
Integral solder quality is low, and solder joint pore, sealing-off etc. are more: weld on simple frock, workpiece cannot be fixed, and mass defects such as causing solder joint is insecure, sealing-off is easily rocked in welding; Human weld's weld seam uniformity is poor, often causes weld width not enough.
Production efficiency is low: the plug screw seat that refuels must first position to prevent spatter from entering plug screw seat screw thread and plane to oiling plug screw seat with being screwed into technique screw rod, and back out technique plug screw again after having welded, cause operator's labour intensity large, production efficiency is low.Operating condition is poor: weld on simple frock, and workpiece is not fixed, and mass defects such as causing solder joint is insecure, sealing-off is easily rocked in welding; And the easy landing of workpiece is hurted sb.'s feelings.
Utility model content
The deficiencies in the prior art in view of the above, the purpose of this utility model is to provide automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment, is convenient to clamping and fixes, reducing hand labor intensity, improving welding quality and efficiency.
For achieving the above object and other relevant objects, the utility model provides a kind of automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment, the welding bearing comprising base and be arranged on base and workbench, described workbench is provided with at least one group of back axle lid detent mechanism, described welding bearing is provided with upper and lower propulsive mechanism, this upper and lower propulsive mechanism is provided with hold-down mechanism and welding gun, described hold-down mechanism and welding gun are positioned at above workbench, and in described welding gun and workbench, at least one of them is rotatable.
When this structure uses, first back axle lid is arranged on back axle lid detent mechanism, then oiling plug screw seat is placed on the position of back axle lid tank filler sleeve, upper and lower propulsive mechanism move downward through hold-down mechanism will refuel plug screw seat compress, welding gun welds simultaneously, in this structure, welding gun or workbench one of them can rotate, and realize the welding of workpiece 360 °.Structure is simple, mechanized operation, and more accurate, firm relative to artificial clamping, enhance productivity, welding quality is good.
As preferably: described upper and lower propulsive mechanism is arranged on welding bearing by supporting seat, this upper and lower propulsive mechanism comprises compression cylinder and is connected to the main shaft of compression cylinder lower end, described hold-down mechanism is rotatably installed in this main shaft lower end, described welding gun is fixed on main shaft bottom by clamping device, and can rotate with spindle synchronous.Compression cylinder also can replace with motor lead screw or hydraulic cylinder.
As preferably: described supporting seat is also provided with drive motors, and this drive motors is connected with main shaft by reducing gear, drives described main axis.
As preferably: described hold-down mechanism comprises clamping sleeve and hold-down head, and described clamping sleeve is rotatably installed in main shaft lower end by bearing, and described hold-down head is connected with clamping sleeve lower end, and this hold-down head lower end offers pin-and-hole, a circle positioning boss is protruded in hold-down head lower surface.
As preferably: described clamping device comprises support arm, latch segment, adjustment arm and clamper, described support arm is arranged on main shaft, adjustment arm upper end is connected with support arm by latch segment, clamper is arranged on adjustment arm bottom, welding gun is mounted obliquely within clamper, is provided with insulation sleeve between this welding gun and clamper.
As preferably: described workbench is arranged on base rotationally, this workbench is provided with gear arc plate, the workbench of gear arc plate both sides is respectively arranged with one group of back axle lid detent mechanism.
Adopt Double-station clamp, while a station is responsible for filling and is got workpiece, another station is responsible for welding, raises the efficiency further.
As preferably: described workbench is arranged on base by gyroaxis, this base is also provided with and drives cylinder and the gear matched and tooth bar, described gear is solidly set on gyroaxis, and tooth bar is connected with driving cylinder.
As preferably: described workbench lower surface is circumferentially provided with multiple roller devices, described base is provided with the track for roller walking, is also provided with retaining mechanism between described workbench and base.
As preferably: described back axle lid detent mechanism comprises at least two locating dowels and at least one alignment pin, and described workbench is provided with fixed cover, described locating dowel loads in fixed cover, and described alignment pin is fixing on the table by key seat.
Alignment pin is used for the location of back axle lid screw, and locating dowel, for supporting back axle lid edge, realizes three-point fix.Wherein locating dowel directly inserts in fixed cover, can according to the size Selection of different workpieces, the locating dowel changing differing heights, and fixed cover position on the table is also adjustable, to adapt to different product, realizes switching fast.
As preferably: described base is supported by frame, and described welding bearing upper end is provided with support, and support is provided with suspension ring, described welding gun line is connected with welding gun through suspension ring.
As mentioned above, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: use this equipment clamping stable, convenient, avoid the situation of weld blowhole, weld width deficiency; Appearance of weld is attractive in appearance, and welding quality is improved; Eliminate technique plug screw and eliminate invalid operation; Weld seam is disposable to be completed; The welding of multiple product purge cock seat can be carried out, and product can be realized switch fast; The favorable expandability of equipment, reliable operation, efficiency are high, cost is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the utility model embodiment workbench;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of welding gun and hold-down mechanism.
Piece mark explanation
11 frames
12 bases
13 welding bearings
14 supporting seats
15 supports
16 workbench
21 compression cylinders
22 drive motors
23 reducing gears
24 main shafts
25 clamping sleeves
26 hold-down heads
3 clamping devices
31 support arms
32 latch segments
33 adjustment arms
34 clampers
4 welding guns
41 lines
51 key seats
52 alignment pins
53 fixed covers
54 locating dowels
55 gear arc plates
61 drive cylinder
62 tooth bars
63 gears
64 gyroaxises
71 collision blocks
72 adjusting seats
73 roller devices
8 back axle lids
9 oiling plug screw seats
Detailed description of the invention
By particular specific embodiment, embodiment of the present utility model is described below, person skilled in the art scholar the content disclosed by this description can understand other advantages of the present utility model and effect easily.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model provides a kind of automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment, comprise the base 12 be arranged in frame 11, base 12 is provided with welding bearing 13 and workbench 16, workbench 16 is provided with back axle lid detent mechanism, welding bearing 13 is provided with upper and lower propulsive mechanism, this upper and lower propulsive mechanism is provided with hold-down mechanism and welding gun 4, hold-down mechanism and welding gun 4 are positioned at above workbench 16, upper and lower propulsive mechanism is arranged on welding bearing 13 by supporting seat 14, this upper and lower propulsive mechanism comprises compression cylinder 21 and is connected to the main shaft 24 of compression cylinder 21 lower end, hold-down mechanism comprises clamping sleeve 25 and hold-down head 26, clamping sleeve 25 is rotatably installed in main shaft 24 lower end by bearing, hold-down head 26 is connected with clamping sleeve 25 lower end, this hold-down head 26 lower end offers pin-and-hole, a circle positioning boss is protruded in hold-down head 26 lower surface, during compression, alignment pin 52 stretches in pin-and-hole, boss stretches in the gap of refueling between plug screw seat 9 and alignment pin 52, hold-down head 26 lower surface is pressed in oiling plug screw seat 9 upper surface.Welding gun 4 is fixed on main shaft 24 bottom by clamping device, and can with main shaft 24 synchronous axial system.Welding bearing 13 upper end is provided with support 15, and support 15 is provided with suspension ring, in order to support welding gun 4 line 41, line 41 passed suspension ring being connected with welding gun 4 of welding gun 4.
Supporting seat 14 is also provided with drive motors 22, this drive motors 22 is connected with main shaft 24 by reducing gear 23, and drive shaft 24 is rotated, and wherein reducing gear 23 comprises the casing fixing with supporting seat 14, and multi-stage gear, one of them gear is fixed on main shaft 24.
Clamping device comprises support arm 31, latch segment 32, adjustment arm 33 and clamper 34, support arm 31 is arranged on main shaft 24 by hooping structure, adjustment arm 33 upper end is connected with support arm 31 with screw etc. by latch segment 32, clamper 34 is arranged on adjustment arm 33 bottom, welding gun 4 is mounted obliquely within clamper 34, is provided with insulation sleeve between this welding gun 4 and clamper 34.
In this example, back axle lid detent mechanism comprises two locating dowels 54 and an alignment pin 52, and three distributes in a triangle, realize three-point fix, workbench 16 is provided with fixed cover 53, locating dowel 54 loads in fixed cover 53, and alignment pin 52 is fixed on workbench 16 by key seat 51.Wherein locating dowel 54 directly inserts in fixed cover 53, can according to the size Selection of different workpieces, the locating dowel 54 changing differing heights, and the position of fixed cover 53 on workbench 16 is also adjustable, to adapt to different product, realizes switching fast.
In order to improve welding efficiency further, workbench 16 is arranged on base 12 by gyroaxis 64 rotationally, this base 12 is also provided with and drives cylinder 61 and the gear 63 matched and tooth bar 62, gear 63 is solidly set on gyroaxis 64, tooth bar 62 is connected with driving cylinder 61, by driving cylinder 61 to drive tooth bar 62 and gear 63 to move, workbench 16 is rotated.Be provided with gear arc plate 55 in the middle of this workbench 16, the workbench 16 of gear arc plate 55 both sides is respectively arranged with one group of back axle lid detent mechanism, two groups of back axle lid detent mechanisms are symmetrical.Adopt Double-station clamp, a station is responsible for dress and is got workpiece, and another station is responsible for welding, and gear arc plate 55 prevents welding slag from splashing.
Workbench 16 lower surface is circumferentially provided with multiple roller devices 73, base 12 is provided with the track of a circle for roller walking, also retaining mechanism is provided with between workbench 16 and base 12, locking etc. after putting in place for workbench 16, retaining mechanism can be latch or similar structures, for being arranged on the collision block 71 of workbench 16 lower surface and being located at the adjusting seat 72 that base 12 coordinates with collision block 71 in this example, when both meet, workbench 16 stops operating.
Operation principle of the present utility model is as follows:
This equipment can adopt PLC control system, first changes locating dowel 54 according to product needed, and adjusts welding gun 4 clamping device, the upper-lower position of adjustment welding gun 4 and angle of inclination, make welding gun 4 reach assigned position, back axle lid 8 is put alignment pin 52 and locating dowel 54, and load onto oiling plug screw seat 9.Cylinder 61 is driven to drive tooth bar 62 gear 63, after driving workbench 16 to rotate 180 °, compression cylinder 21 action, drive shaft 24 and the descending workpiece pressing of pressure head, drive motors 22 rotates according to technological requirement speed and drives the welding gun 4 on main shaft 24 to rotate by reducing gear 23, welding machine starts welding, can carry out the spot welding of assigned position, also can carry out lap welding welding.After having welded, main shaft 24 is out of service, and compression cylinder 21 is mentioned main shaft 24 and welding gun 4, unclamped workpiece, after putting in place, drives cylinder 61 counteragent, workbench 16 is reversely rotated 180 °.Equipment will carry out subsequent work circulation.
After this equipment has once welded, main shaft 24 does not need Aligning control, directly reversely rotates in subsequent work circulation and welds.The rotation of main shaft 24 adopts Serve Motor Control angle, and start and stop position is accurate and speed passes through PLC programme-control.This equipment adopts Double-station clamp, and a station is responsible for dress and is got workpiece, and another station is responsible for welding, and fixture rotates and adopts cylinder to add location buting iron control, and fixture adopts fast inserted locating dowel 54, conveniently carries out production switch.
Use this equipment quality to be improved, do not find that weld blowhole, weld width are not enough; Appearance of weld is attractive in appearance, apparently higher than manual welding; Actual measurement job shop improved efficiency is to 2.5 times of original manual welding; Eliminate technique plug screw and eliminate invalid operation; Weld seam is disposable to be completed; Special plane can carry out the welding of multiple product purge cock seat, and can realize product 1 minute class and switch fast; The favorable expandability of equipment, reliable operation, efficiency are high, cost is low, adopt modularized design structure, may correspond to the fixture block configuration that product mix is different, can be widely used in welding continuously and intermittently of the middle-size and small-size circular arc of welding profession.
Any person skilled in the art scholar all without prejudice under spirit of the present utility model and category, can modify above-described embodiment or changes.Therefore, such as have in art and usually know that the knowledgeable modifies or changes not departing from all equivalences completed under the spirit and technological thought that the utility model discloses, must be contained by claim of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment, it is characterized in that: comprise base and the welding bearing that is arranged on base and workbench, described workbench is provided with at least one group of back axle lid detent mechanism, described welding bearing is provided with upper and lower propulsive mechanism, this upper and lower propulsive mechanism is provided with hold-down mechanism and welding gun, described hold-down mechanism and welding gun are positioned at above workbench, and in described welding gun and workbench, at least one of them is rotatable.
2. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper and lower propulsive mechanism is arranged on welding bearing by supporting seat, this upper and lower propulsive mechanism comprises compression cylinder and is connected to the main shaft of compression cylinder lower end, described hold-down mechanism is rotatably installed in this main shaft lower end, described welding gun is fixed on main shaft bottom by clamping device, and can rotate with spindle synchronous.
3. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described supporting seat is also provided with drive motors, this drive motors is connected with main shaft by reducing gear, drives described main axis.
4. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described hold-down mechanism comprises clamping sleeve and hold-down head, described clamping sleeve is rotatably installed in main shaft lower end by bearing, described hold-down head is connected with clamping sleeve lower end, this hold-down head lower end offers pin-and-hole, and a circle positioning boss is protruded in hold-down head lower surface.
5. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described clamping device comprises support arm, latch segment, adjustment arm and clamper, described support arm is arranged on main shaft, adjustment arm upper end is connected with support arm by latch segment, clamper is arranged on adjustment arm bottom, welding gun is mounted obliquely within clamper, is provided with insulation sleeve between this welding gun and clamper.
6. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described workbench is arranged on base rotationally, this workbench is provided with gear arc plate, the workbench of gear arc plate both sides is respectively arranged with one group of back axle lid detent mechanism.
7. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described workbench is arranged on base by gyroaxis, this base is also provided with and drives cylinder and the gear matched and tooth bar, described gear is solidly set on gyroaxis, and tooth bar is connected with driving cylinder.
8. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described workbench lower surface is circumferentially provided with multiple roller devices, described base is provided with the track for roller walking, is also provided with retaining mechanism between described workbench and base.
9. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described back axle lid detent mechanism comprises at least two locating dowels and at least one alignment pin, described workbench is provided with fixed cover, described locating dowel loads in fixed cover, and described alignment pin is fixing on the table by key seat.
10. automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described base is supported by frame, described welding bearing upper end is provided with support, and support is provided with suspension ring, described welding gun line is connected with welding gun through suspension ring.
CN201520430898.6U 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 Automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment Active CN204725068U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520430898.6U CN204725068U (en) 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 Automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520430898.6U CN204725068U (en) 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 Automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204725068U true CN204725068U (en) 2015-10-28

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520430898.6U Active CN204725068U (en) 2015-06-19 2015-06-19 Automobile axle housing oiling plug screw seat welding equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204725068U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104889650A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 庆铃汽车(集团)有限公司 Automobile axle housing refueling screw plug base welding device
CN105171322A (en) * 2015-10-30 2015-12-23 江苏翔宇电力装备制造有限公司 Multi-angle splicing and welding machine for large-diameter steel tube and flanges

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104889650A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-09 庆铃汽车(集团)有限公司 Automobile axle housing refueling screw plug base welding device
CN105171322A (en) * 2015-10-30 2015-12-23 江苏翔宇电力装备制造有限公司 Multi-angle splicing and welding machine for large-diameter steel tube and flanges

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