CN204697499U - A kind of Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one - Google Patents

A kind of Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204697499U
CN204697499U CN201520241887.3U CN201520241887U CN204697499U CN 204697499 U CN204697499 U CN 204697499U CN 201520241887 U CN201520241887 U CN 201520241887U CN 204697499 U CN204697499 U CN 204697499U
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China
Prior art keywords
cutterhead
cutter
fertile
soil
power
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520241887.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闫小丽
卢琦
林泽坤
朱瑞祥
刘正道
翟丙年
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Priority to CN201520241887.3U priority Critical patent/CN204697499U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

Shoulder soil for transmission case during existing garden ditching machine trench digging, to be short of power and the fertile case of lifting state tilts to leak the problems such as fertile.The open one of the utility model is ditched by front cutterhead and rear cutterhead antiport, and fertile case is added a cover, and screw feeder drives the Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one of fertilizer.This machine knife dish, fertilizer screw feeder drive power all to derive from tractor motive power output shaft.Rear cutterhead (major diameter) direction of rotation is contrary with tractor driving wheel forward rotation direction, and front cutterhead (minor diameter) direction of rotation is contrary with rear cutterhead.The part pan soil do not excised in the middle of cutterhead after front cutterhead both can excise two, shoulders native problem when solving trench digging, can be again facility advance and provides certain motive force, save energy consumption, reduce driving wheel and skid; Soil, while cutting soil, lifts by rear cutterhead, for the defertilizing tube fertilising being located at the positive rear side of rear cutterhead creates conditions; Defertilizing amount is regulated by adjustment defertilizing opening plate aperture; Fertile case establishes protecgulum to prevent fertile case inclination hourglass fertile.

Description

A kind of Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of orchard furrowing fertilising earthing machinery, belong to agriculture equipment field, relate in particular to the fertilising of a kind of Double-cutter orchard furrowing and be covered with all-in-one.
Background technology
Shi Guo industry big producing country of China, area under cultivation and fruit gross yield all rank first in the world, and have growth trend year by year.Within 2012, national application area has reached 12,140 ten thousand hm 2gross yield reaches 24,057 ten thousand t, the current national fruit gross output value is more than 80,000,000,000 yuan, grain, vegetables are only second in plant husbandry, occupy the 3rd, fruit export value accounts for the 6%-7% of export of farm produce total value, is the important component part of national economy, fruit industry development promotion agricultural production in play positive role, development fruit industry to promotion rural economic development, agricultural restructuring, increase farmers' income, make the rural economy flourish significant.
Fertilising is key technology during fruit industry is produced and important step, rationally in good time fertilising to cost-saving, protection of the environment, promotion high yield and stable yields, raising crop quality, prevent nutritional deficiency pathology, play regional advantage, development high quality agricultural products is significant.Therefore, development integrate orchard fertilising trench digging earthing Machinery for orchard, to minimizing human and material resources waste, raise labour productivity significant.For shoulder during existing garden ditching machine trench digging soil serious, to be short of power and the fertile case inclination of lifting state can leak the problems such as fertile, open a kind of the reverse rotation by front cutterhead and rear cutterhead of the present invention is ditched, if fertile case lid, screw feeder drives the Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one of fertilizer.
Summary of the invention
For the existing garden ditching machine only having rear cutterhead, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, transmission case body is positioned at the middle part of two ditching-disks, when the work of trench digging, the cutterhead on both sides rotates and carries out cutting native ditching operation, and in the advance work of facility, casing both sides loosen, lift soil under ditching knife effect, and obstruction transmission case moves ahead by the soil not switching to part in the middle of two cutterheads and the increase of ditching depth, soil structure as shown in Figure 3.Trench digging power consumption is increased, and driving wheel skidding, ditching depth deficiency etc., facility are when the state of lifting simultaneously, and fertile case inclination can cause leaking fertilizer.Open a kind of the reverse rotation by front cutterhead and rear cutterhead of the present invention is ditched, if fertile case lid, and the Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one of screw feeder fertilizer.
The Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one realizing foregoing invention technical scheme is: in order to enable ditching-fertilizing meet agriculture requirement better, improving the utilization ratio of fertilising, utilizing tractor motive power output shaft power drive fertilizer screw feeder and front and back cutterhead; What utilize front cutterhead cuts soil counterclockwise, the soil of transmission case lower part is cut off, leaves casing mobile space, both solved and shouldered soil, improve the hauling ability of tractor simultaneously, saves energy consumption, reduces driving wheel and skids; After utilizing, cutterhead is cut soil clockwise and is completed trench digging, under the effect of breast boards, lift soil, from defertilizing tube fertilising, completes trench digging, fertilising, earthing operation; Utilize and regulate defertilizing opening aperture size to control defertilizing amount; Utilization is installed fertile case protecgulum additional and is prevented lifting state from leaking fertile phenomenon.
Realize the Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one of technique scheme, be made up of frame [5], front cutterhead [11], rear cutterhead [8], breast boards [13], case lid [21], fertile case [1], defertilizing tube [7], it is characterized in that: described frame [5] adopts trifilar suspension mode to be connected with tractor; Described power input shaft [17] provides power by tractor, provides power drive by gearbox [18] to whole unit; Described rear cutterhead [8] by be located at frame [5] below, transmission case [15] the right and left two groups of furrow-opening cutter blades form, be staggered, power is provided by transmission case [15] by gearbox [18], ditches clockwise; Described front cutterhead [11] is made up of one group of Rotary tillage blade, before being evenly distributed in same vertical plane on cutter shaft [12], be connected with frame [5] by connecting plate [14], be located at transmission case [15] below, rear cutterhead [8] dead ahead, cut soil counterclockwise, power is provided by gearbox [18]; By rotation direction, the different and symmetrical segmented screw feeder be distributed on screw conveyor shaft [4] forms described screw feeder [2], and power is provided by gearbox [18]; Described defertilizing opening [22] is located at the positive lower end in the middle part of fertile case, and is provided with aperture plate [6], and defertilizing tube [7] is arranged on the dead astern of rear cutterhead [8]; The depth of cut of described rear cutterhead [8] is 35-40cm, front cutterhead [11] depth of cut be 8-10cm; Described rear cutterhead [8] and the top of front cutterhead [11] share same breast boards [13].
Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one disclosed by the invention has following advantage:
(1) front cutterhead cuts soil counterclockwise, the part pan soil do not excised in the middle of cutterhead after both having excised two, shoulders native problem when solving trench digging, provides certain power again, save energy consumption for facility advance.
(2) cutterhead cuts soil clockwise afterwards, has constantly to the trend of incision soil, both completes ditching operation, and can ensure uniform ditching depth again.
(3) on fertile case, add case lid, prevent facility fertile case when the state of lifting to tilt to cause to leak fertile problem.
(4) mode utilizing aperture plate to change defertilizing opening size regulates and controls defertilizing amount, convenient and simple.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is original garden ditching machine trench digging partial elevational schematic diagram
Fig. 2 is original garden ditching machine trench digging partial top schematic diagram
Soil structure schematic diagram when Fig. 3 is original garden ditching machine ditching operation
Fig. 4 is Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one front schematic view
Fig. 5 is Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one schematic top plan view
In accompanying drawing, to mark the meaning represented respectively as follows for each legend:
The fertile case of 1-, 2-screw feeder, 3-screw feeder driving-chain gear, 4-screw conveyor shaft, 5-frame, 6-aperture plate dish, 7-defertilizing tube, cutterhead after 8-, cutter shaft after 9-, blade after 10-, cutterhead before 11-, cutter shaft before 12-, 13-breast boards, 14-connecting plate, 15-transmission case, hitch point under 16-, 17-power input shaft, 18-gearbox, the upper hitch point of 19-, 20-driving-chain, 21-case lid, 22-defertilizing opening.
Embodiment
Specific embodiment is provided below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
One embodiment of the present of invention have been primary ditching, fertilising and earthing operation, and ditching depth is 35-40cm, specifically as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5.Under tractor dynamic power drives, unit advances, power passes to front cutter shaft 12 and rear cutter shaft 9 by gearbox 18 by the power carrier chain in transmission case 15, current cutterhead 11 is rotated counterclockwise, first after excision cutterhead 8 cut less than part pan soil time, for transmission case 15 and rear cutterhead 8 trench digging provide mobile space and cut native space, both effectively solved and shouldered native problem, turn increase the adhesion property of tractor, provide certain power for facility advance, save energy consumption; While unit advances, rear cutterhead 8 is started working, and when it turns clockwise, rear blade 10 carries out cutting soil, trench digging; Under effect of inertia, the soil of incision is taken up by blade, falls into next time in ditch, complete earthing operation in the effect of breast boards 13; Meanwhile, screw feeder 2 is at gearbox 18 by under the driving of screw conveyor shaft 4, and the fertilizer in fertile case 1, under the effect of segmentation screw feeder, is transported in ditch by defertilizing tube 7, and the fertilising operation of complete field, is provided with aperture plate 6 at defertilizing opening 22, regulates defertilizing amount.Whole process once completes trench digging, fertilising and earthing operation, substantially increases mechanized operation level, improves operating efficiency.
The present invention also can according to different agriculture requirements, to orchard to fertilize, different types of fertilizer such as fertilizer plants, also can change the diameter of Double-cutter, complete the ditching-fertilizing earthing operation of different depth, these all form other embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one, be made up of frame [5], front cutterhead [11], rear cutterhead [8], breast boards [13], case lid [21], fertile case [1], defertilizing tube [7], it is characterized in that: described frame [5] adopts trifilar suspension mode to be connected with tractor, power input shaft [17] provides power by tractor, provides power drive by gearbox [18] to whole unit, described rear cutterhead [8] by be located at frame [5] below, transmission case [15] the right and left two groups of furrow-opening cutter blades form, be staggered, power is provided by transmission case [15] by gearbox [18], ditches clockwise, described front cutterhead [11] is made up of one group of Rotary tillage blade, before being evenly distributed in same vertical plane on cutter shaft [12], be connected with frame [5] by connecting plate [14], be located at transmission case [15] below, rear cutterhead [8] dead ahead, cut soil counterclockwise, power is provided by gearbox [18], by rotation direction, the different and symmetrical segmented screw feeder be distributed on screw conveyor shaft [4] forms screw feeder [2], power is provided by gearbox [18], defertilizing opening [22] is located at the positive lower end in the middle part of fertile case, and be provided with aperture plate [6], defertilizing tube [7] is arranged on the dead astern of rear cutterhead [8].
2. Double-cutter orchard furrowing according to claim 1 fertilising earthing all-in-one, is characterized in that: the depth of cut of rear cutterhead [8] is 35-40cm, front cutterhead [11] depth of cut be 8-10cm.
3. Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: share same breast boards [13] in the top of rear cutterhead [8] and front cutterhead [11].
CN201520241887.3U 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 A kind of Double-cutter orchard furrowing fertilising earthing all-in-one Expired - Fee Related CN204697499U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105532127A (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-05-04 高密市益丰机械有限公司 Ditching and fertilizing integrated machine
CN106471970A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-03-08 江苏吉星光通讯科技有限公司 The adjustable fertilizer applicator of fertilization depth
CN106471958A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-03-08 江苏吉星光通讯科技有限公司 Deep soil fertilizer apparatus
CN106941838A (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-07-14 王裕迪 A kind of agricultural fertilizer device
CN107182640A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 贵州花果山现代农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of prevention and controls of the sweet shaddock nutritional deficiency disease of cumquat
CN111919543A (en) * 2020-07-22 2020-11-13 安徽农业大学 Tea garden ditching fertilization all-in-one with supplementary air-blowing

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105532127A (en) * 2016-01-30 2016-05-04 高密市益丰机械有限公司 Ditching and fertilizing integrated machine
CN106471970A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-03-08 江苏吉星光通讯科技有限公司 The adjustable fertilizer applicator of fertilization depth
CN106471958A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-03-08 江苏吉星光通讯科技有限公司 Deep soil fertilizer apparatus
CN106941838A (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-07-14 王裕迪 A kind of agricultural fertilizer device
CN107182640A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-22 贵州花果山现代农业开发有限责任公司 A kind of prevention and controls of the sweet shaddock nutritional deficiency disease of cumquat
CN111919543A (en) * 2020-07-22 2020-11-13 安徽农业大学 Tea garden ditching fertilization all-in-one with supplementary air-blowing

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