CN204663395U - A kind of PDC drill bit of anti-vibration - Google Patents

A kind of PDC drill bit of anti-vibration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204663395U
CN204663395U CN201520390930.2U CN201520390930U CN204663395U CN 204663395 U CN204663395 U CN 204663395U CN 201520390930 U CN201520390930 U CN 201520390930U CN 204663395 U CN204663395 U CN 204663395U
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Prior art keywords
drill bit
pdc
wing
cutting unit
bit
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CN201520390930.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李宗涛
张建华
杜起浪
刘成亮
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Chengdu Deep Diamond Bit Co Ltd
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Chengdu Deep Diamond Bit Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of PDC drill bit of anti-vibration, belong to the petroleum gas in drilling technology field, drilling bit used for geological prospecting, its object is to the PDC drill bit that a kind of anti-vibration is provided, the oscillation crosswise of restriction PDC drill bit.Its technical scheme is: comprise joint screw thread and and bit body, the external surface of bit body bizet is distributed with many wings, every bar wing is all provided with main cutting unit and secondary cutting unit; Form chip area between adjacent two wings, in chip area, be provided with the water hole nozzle be arranged on bit body; Main cutting unit and/or secondary cutting unit are provided with one or more groups PDC cutting teeth unit, and the distance y that PDC cutting teeth unit gives prominence to drill bit wing outer surface is all greater than the distance z that main cutting unit gives prominence to the distance x of drill bit wing outer surface, secondary cutting unit gives prominence to drill bit wing outer surface.The utility model is applicable to the PDC drill bit used in petroleum gas, geological prospecting process.

Description

A kind of PDC drill bit of anti-vibration
Technical field
The utility model belongs to drilling technology field, relates to petroleum gas, drilling bit used for geological prospecting, particularly relates to the PDC drill bit of a kind of petroleum gas, anti-vibration used for geological prospecting.
Background technology
At present, PDC drill bit, natural diamond bit, impregnated bit etc. are widely used in oil-gas mining and geological prospecting, and achieve outstanding result of use.Therefore, PDC drill bit is widely used in oil-gas mining and geological prospecting, and achieves outstanding result of use.
Application number be 201320421816.2 utility model patent disclose a kind of directed drilling steel body PDC drill bit, this PDC drill bit comprises bit body and wing, wing is installed on composite sheet cutting teeth, be gauge section above the shoulder of wing, it is characterized in that described gauge section inclined-plane surfacing wear-resistant material layer.The utility model structure is simple, simple process, and cost of manufacture is low; In long frequently short the operation of directional drilling, effectively can reduce the wearing and tearing on gauge section inclined-plane, thus avoid directional well steel body PDC drill bit to cause drill bit to lose efficacy because gauge section loses efficacy in advance, therefore the drilling footage of single directional well steel body PDC drill bit improves 10% ~ 25%, thus extends drilling life of bit; Inclined-plane offers pit and groove can make wear-resisting surfacing layer be engaged more firm with gauge section inclined-plane, the gauge section inclined-plane of more effective protection steel body PDC drill bit.But, the PDC cutting teeth of this kind of PDC drill bit in drilling process on PDC drill bit is adopted to wear and tear gradually, and part PDC cutting teeth there will be the situation of unexpected damage, and facts have proved through a large amount of: drill bit is the most important reason causing the unexpected damage of PDC cutting teeth in the vibration in shaft bottom.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention of the present utility model is: for prior art Problems existing, provides a kind of PDC drill bit of anti-vibration, the oscillation crosswise of restriction PDC drill bit.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A PDC drill bit for anti-vibration, the bit body comprising joint screw thread and be connected with joint screw thread, the external surface of described bit body bizet is distributed with many wings, and described every bar wing is all provided with main cutting unit and secondary cutting unit; Form chip area between adjacent two wings, in described chip area, be provided with the water hole nozzle be arranged on bit body; Described main cutting unit and/or secondary cutting unit are provided with one or more groups PDC cutting teeth unit, and the distance y that described PDC cutting teeth unit gives prominence to drill bit wing outer surface is all greater than the distance z that main cutting unit gives prominence to the distance x of drill bit wing outer surface, secondary cutting unit gives prominence to drill bit wing outer surface.
As preferred version of the present utility model, the interior conical point place of described drill body bizet is provided with tapered centre cutting teeth, described tapered centre cutting teeth and drill body coaxial line; Described wing is provided with main cutting unit, described main cutting unit comprises cylindrical cuts tooth and face tooth, described in face tooth and be positioned at side near tapered centre cutting teeth on wing.
As preferred version of the present utility model, described tapered centre cutting teeth comprises carbide alloy pedestal and tapered ledge rock layers, described carbide alloy pedestal is connected with wing, and described tapered ledge rock layers is connected with carbide alloy pedestal, and the cone angle of described tapered ledge rock layers is 70 ° to 110 °.
In sum, owing to have employed technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, in the utility model, main cutting unit and/or secondary cutting unit are provided with one or more groups PDC cutting teeth unit, due to the existence of PDC cutting teeth unit, thus when drill bit creeps into, bottom rock surface is by the one or more more deeply concentric annular groove of formation, and annular groove can limit moving radially of PDC cutting teeth effectively, thus effectively inhibit the oscillation crosswise of drill bit, the antivibration effect of drill bit is better.
2, in the utility model, the interior conical point place of drill body bizet is provided with tapered centre cutting teeth, when in drilling process, pressure by the tapered centre cutting teeth the pressure of the drill on drill bit to creeping into rock stratum, tapered centre cutting teeth creeps into rock stratum with the mode pressure break fragmentation of extruding, or will creep into rock stratum centrally taper cutting teeth taper surface to surrounding extruding creep into rock stratum and make to creep into rock deformation, be convenient to contiguous there is higher cutting speed face tooth or cylindrical cuts tooth fractured rock, improve the efficiency of breaking rock of drill bit inner cone cutting teeth, improve the rate of penetration of drill bit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is that in the utility model, PDC cutting unit covers schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the drilling well schematic diagram of PDC cutting unit in the utility model
Fig. 4 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is cutting principle structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the crown schematic diagram of drill body of the present utility model;
Wherein, Reference numeral is: 1-bit body, 2-wing, 3-gauge, 4-main cutting unit, 5-secondary cutting unit, 6-chip area, 7-water hole nozzle, 8-breaker slot, 10-drill axis, 14-creep into rock stratum, 45-drill bit wing outer surface, 46-annular groove, 49-PDC cutting teeth unit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
embodiment 1
A PDC drill bit for anti-vibration, joint screw thread and bit body 1, this joint screw thread is connected as a whole with bit body 1.Bit body 1 is provided with breaker slot 8 on the external surface of joint screw thread side, and this breaker slot 8 can arrange multiple along the circumference of bit body 1.The external surface of the bizet position of bit body 1 is distributed with many wings 2, the length direction of every bar wing 2 is consistent with drill axis 10 direction of bit body 1, many wing 2 is uniformly distributed along the circumference of bit body 1 on bit body 1, and between adjacent two wings 2, leave the gap of certain distance, and between adjacent two wings 2, form the chip area 6 being used for chip removal, and in chip area 6, be provided with some water hole nozzles 7 be installed on bit body 1.
Every bar wing 2 is all provided with main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5, wherein main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5 are in double setting on wing 2, and a row is main cutting unit 4, and another row is secondary cutting unit 5.As preferably, cylindrical cuts tooth and taper cutting teeth two kinds of cutting teeths are included in main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5, cylindrical cuts tooth and taper cutting teeth all mix and are arranged on main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5, make two kinds of cutting teeth equiblibrium mass distributions that wing 2 is arranged, cover whole shaft bottom.
Main cutting unit 4 and/or secondary cutting unit 5 are provided with one or more groups PDC cutting teeth unit 49, this PDC cutting teeth unit 49 end gives prominence to drill bit wing 2 outer surface 45 apart from y, this main cutting unit 4 end gives prominence to drill bit wing 2 outer surface 45 apart from x, secondary cutting unit 5 end gives prominence to drill bit wing 2 outer surface 45 apart from z, and distance x, y, z meets relation: y > x >=z or y > z >=x.Due to main cutting unit 4 and/or secondary cutting unit 5 having PDC cutting teeth unit 49, thus in the process of drill bit drilling well, PDC cutting teeth unit 49 will produce multiple current annular groove 46 on the surface creeping into rock stratum 14, these annular grooves 46 can limit the radial displacement of cutting teeth effectively, thus play the effect suppressing drill bit oscillation crosswise.When including many PDC cutting teeths in same group of PDC cutting teeth unit 49, many positions of cutting teeth in bit body 1 radial plane are identical, and namely the y value of many PDC cutting teeths is equal, and PDC cutting teeth is equal to the distance r of drill axis 10.PDC cutting teeth in PDC cutting teeth unit 49 can be distributed on different wings, also can be distributed on same wing.
Preferred as one, main cutting unit 4 and/or secondary cutting unit 5 are provided with three groups of PDC cutting teeth unit 49, and each group PDC cutting teeth unit 49 is provided with three PDC cutting teeths.Thus in PDC drill bit drilling process, three groups of PDC cutting teeth unit 49 will produce three concentric annular grooves 46 on the surface creeping into rock stratum 14, annular groove 46 will effectively limit the radial displacement of PDC cutting teeth, thus play the effect suppressing drill bit oscillation crosswise, and the antivibration effect of drill bit is better.
Main cutting unit and/or secondary cutting unit are provided with one or more groups PDC cutting teeth unit, due to the existence of PDC cutting teeth unit, thus when drill bit creeps into, bottom rock surface is by the one or more more deeply concentric annular groove of formation, and annular groove can limit moving radially of PDC cutting teeth effectively, thus effectively inhibit the oscillation crosswise of drill bit, the antivibration effect of drill bit is better.
embodiment 2
On the basis of embodiment one, the crown of drill body 1 is symmetric, and it mainly comprises the interior conical point 31, inner conical surface 32, nose 33, shoulder 34, outer shoulder 35 and the gauge 3 that connect successively, and interior conical point 31 is positioned at the center position of drill body 1.In drill body 1 bizet, conical point 31 place assembly place of wing 2 top (namely) is provided with tapered centre cutting teeth 22, the coaxial line of this tapered centre cutting teeth 22 and drill body 1.
Every bar wing 2 is all provided with main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5, wherein main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5 are in double setting on wing 2, and a row is main cutting unit 4, and another row is secondary cutting unit 5.As preferably, cylindrical cuts tooth and taper cutting teeth two kinds of cutting teeths are included in main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5, cylindrical cuts tooth and taper cutting teeth all mix and are arranged on main cutting unit 4 and secondary cutting unit 5, make two kinds of cutting teeth equiblibrium mass distributions that wing 2 is arranged, cover whole shaft bottom.This main cutting unit 4 comprises cylindrical cuts tooth 42 and faces tooth 41, this faces the side that tooth is arranged on close tapered centre cutting teeth 22 on wing 2, and cylindrical cuts tooth 42 is evenly arranged along drill bit wing outer surface 45 to the side away from tapered centre cutting teeth 22.
The interior conical point place of drill body bizet is provided with tapered centre cutting teeth, when in drilling process, pressure by the tapered centre cutting teeth the pressure of the drill on drill bit to creeping into rock stratum, tapered centre cutting teeth creeps into rock stratum with the mode pressure break fragmentation of extruding, or will creep into rock stratum centrally taper cutting teeth taper surface to surrounding extruding creep into rock stratum and make to creep into rock deformation, be convenient to contiguous there is higher cutting speed face tooth or cylindrical cuts tooth fractured rock, improve the efficiency of breaking rock of drill bit inner cone cutting teeth, improve the rate of penetration of drill bit.
embodiment 3
On the basis of embodiment two, this tapered centre cutting teeth 22 is made up of cement carbide substrate and tapered ledge rock layers two parts, and this carbide alloy pedestal is connected with wing, and this tapered ledge rock layers is connected with carbide alloy pedestal.Taper cutting teeth, for crushing the rock stratum of boring and meeting, is maybe beneficial to the contiguous conventional cutting teeth fractured rock with higher cutting speed by boring chance rock stratum along taper cutting teeth taper surface to surrounding crimp.Owing to have employed the tapered centre cutting teeth 22 of cement carbide substrate and tapered ledge rock layers composition, not only cement carbide substrate intensity is high, and tapered ledge rock layers is wear-resisting, can effectively solve the problem.
As preferably, the cone angle scope of described tapered ledge rock layers is 60 ° ~ 120 °, and in the present embodiment, the cone angle scope of tapered ledge rock layers is 95 °.The tip of tapered ledge rock layers is the working position of taper cutting teeth, plays boring the cutting and grinding effect of meeting rock stratum.When cone angle is too small, the tip of tapered ledge rock layers is excessively sharp, then its poor-performing, and tip is comparatively fragile, very easily the tipping when rubble, thus loses lithotrity effect, and application life is short; And when cone angle is excessive, then the tip of tapered ledge rock layers is excessively blunt, lithotrity effect is poor, affects calculifragous efficiency; Therefore, after considering tapered ledge rock layers overall performance and lithotrity effect, through repeatedly putting into practice and improveing, when the cone angle scope of tapered ledge rock layers is between 60 ° ~ 120 °, the overall performance of tapered ledge rock layers and lithotrity effect reach a balance, can meet the basic demand of the two simultaneously.
Preferably, the diameter D of described tapered centre cutting teeth is 10mm to 30mm.The height of protrusion of described tapered centre cutting teeth is greater than the height of protrusion facing tooth, and described tapered centre cutting teeth is 0 to 20mm with the poor H of the height of protrusion facing tooth.Described tapered centre cutting teeth is 2 to 6mm with the minimum range L facing tooth.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. the PDC drill bit of an anti-vibration, the bit body (1) comprising joint screw thread (9) and be connected with joint screw thread (9), the external surface of described bit body (1) bizet is distributed with many wings (2), described every bar wing (2) is all provided with main cutting unit (4) and secondary cutting unit (5); Form chip area (6) between adjacent two wings (2), in described chip area (6), be provided with the water hole nozzle (7) be arranged on bit body (1); It is characterized in that: described main cutting unit (4) and/or secondary cutting unit (5) are provided with one or more groups PDC cutting teeth unit (49), the distance y of the outstanding drill bit wing outer surface (45) of described PDC cutting teeth unit (49) is all greater than the distance z of the distance x of the outstanding drill bit wing outer surface (45) of main cutting unit (4), the outstanding drill bit wing outer surface (45) of secondary cutting unit (5).
2. the PDC drill bit of a kind of anti-vibration as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the interior conical point place of described drill body (1) bizet is provided with tapered centre cutting teeth (22), described taper cutting teeth (6) and drill body (1) coaxial line; Described wing (2) is provided with main cutting unit (4), described main cutting unit (4) comprises cylindrical cuts tooth (42) and faces tooth (41), described in face tooth (41) and be positioned at the upper side near tapered centre cutting teeth (22) of wing (2).
3. the PDC drill bit of a kind of anti-vibration as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described tapered centre cutting teeth (22) comprises carbide alloy pedestal and tapered ledge rock layers, described carbide alloy pedestal is connected with wing (2), described tapered ledge rock layers is connected with carbide alloy pedestal, and the cone angle of described tapered ledge rock layers is 70 ° to 110 °.
CN201520390930.2U 2015-06-09 2015-06-09 A kind of PDC drill bit of anti-vibration Active CN204663395U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110374513A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-10-25 河北锐石钻头制造有限公司 A kind of PDC drill bit suitable for complex lithology formation
CN111764831A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-10-13 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司 PDC drill bit for coal mine high-position directional drilling

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110374513A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-10-25 河北锐石钻头制造有限公司 A kind of PDC drill bit suitable for complex lithology formation
CN111764831A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-10-13 中煤科工集团西安研究院有限公司 PDC drill bit for coal mine high-position directional drilling

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