CN204659695U - Change electric equipment - Google Patents

Change electric equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204659695U
CN204659695U CN201520221255.0U CN201520221255U CN204659695U CN 204659695 U CN204659695 U CN 204659695U CN 201520221255 U CN201520221255 U CN 201520221255U CN 204659695 U CN204659695 U CN 204659695U
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China
Prior art keywords
battery
lifting
change electric
platform
change
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520221255.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伟
王俊
彭江
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SHENZHEN JINGZHI MACHINE CO Ltd
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SHENZHEN JINGZHI MACHINE CO Ltd
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Abstract

One changes electric equipment, comprising: bunching device, battery transition frame, jacking system and change electric installation.Bunching device comprises framework, stacking traveling gear, lift system and fork mechanism.Stacking traveling gear is arranged at framework, and lift system is arranged at framework, and fork mechanism is arranged at lift system.The sense of motion of fork mechanism points to battery transition frame.Jacking system comprises driving platform, battery transports passage, lifting mechanism and lifting table.Change electric installation to comprise walking bracing frame, change electric traveling gear, lifting mechanism, battery lifting platform and battery changing mechanism.Change electric traveling gear can walk along battery transport passage, lifting mechanism is arranged on walking bracing frame, and battery lifting platform is installed on lifting mechanism, and battery changing mechanism is arranged at battery lifting platform.Above-mentionedly change electric equipment by arranging the bunching device, battery transition frame, the jacking system that match and changing electric installation, integral structure is compacter, and drastically increases and change electrical efficiency.

Description

Change electric equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to battery-driven car and changes electro-technical field, particularly relates to one and changes electric equipment.
Background technology
Electronlmobil, as the representative of new-energy automobile, to clean because it has fuel, advantage that economic performance is good, and therefore, it receives increasing concern.But, because it also has limited battery capacity and charging duration defect more of a specified duration simultaneously, thus limit the development of electronlmobil.And change power technology and solve the problem that electrokinetic cell supplements fast, bring dawn to the development of electronlmobil.
For the problems referred to above, exchange station of electric automobile is thereupon raw, its operation class is like existing filling station, the battery-exchange station that electronlmobil is storing a large amount of completely battery directly changes charged full battery, can continue to travel, the power shortage battery changed then can charge, for follow-up replacing by battery-exchange station.
But, change that electric equipment still exists battery altering inefficiency, complex structure, take up room large and that battery storage amount is few problem etc. in existing exchange station of electric automobile.
Such as, in the published utility model patent CN201010186786.2.A of China national Department of Intellectual Property, disclose the system that a kind of mobile power cell replacing vehicle is changed electronlmobil, the mobile power cell replacing vehicle that this system proposes needs power transmission car (battery) to follow the place of mobile power cell replacing vehicle arrival vehicle replacing, battery is transported to the scene of replacing, rely on pulley (slideway) power-assisted bottom power brick, artificial pull, promotion battery realize dynamic battery changing.Because electrokinetic cell volume is large, heavy, artificial replacement operation difficulty, need many people to coordinate, replacing construction is longer; It changes electric less important work place needs special ground, as foundation ditch; Power transmission car, change electric car coordinating operation, degree of automation is low.
And for example, in the published utility model patent CN201110164354.6.A of China national Department of Intellectual Property, comprise battery swap platform, battery storage and a charging unit and control setup, its battery adopts upper and lower substitute mode, and by skyscraping colyliform wheel carrier to battery storage and charging and mobile in orbit and first of automatic lifting transport actuated small roadster and second and transport actuated small roadster.But this battery change system adopts skyscraping colyliform wheel carrier to battery storage and charging, take up room large, battery storage amount is few, complex structure, change that electrical efficiency is unhappy and integrated level is low.
But, change electric equipment disclosed in above-mentioned patent and still exist and change poor electrical efficiency and the more complicated defect of integral structure.
Utility model content
Based on this, be necessary to provide a kind of change the high and integral structure of electrical efficiency compacter change electric equipment.
One changes electric equipment, comprising:
Bunching device, described bunching device comprises: framework, stacking traveling gear, lift system and fork mechanism, and described stacking traveling gear is arranged at described framework, and described lift system is arranged at described framework, and described fork mechanism is arranged at described lift system;
For depositing the battery transition frame of battery, the sense of motion of described fork mechanism points to described battery transition frame;
Jacking system, described jacking system comprises: base, driving platform, battery transport passage, lifting mechanism and lifting table, described driving stage+module is in described base, the one end portion of described battery transport passage stretches into and is arranged at described driving platform, the other end that described battery transports passage is connected with described battery transition frame, described lifting mechanism is arranged on the both sides of described driving platform, and described lifting table is installed on described lifting mechanism; And
Change electric installation, the described electric installation that changes comprises: walking bracing frame, change electric traveling gear, lifting mechanism, battery lifting platform and battery changing mechanism, describedly change electric traveling gear and be arranged on described walking bracing frame, describedly change electric traveling gear for transporting passage walking along described battery, described lifting mechanism is arranged on described walking bracing frame, described battery lifting platform is installed on described lifting mechanism, and described battery changing mechanism is arranged at described battery lifting platform.
Wherein in an embodiment, described bunching device also comprises a day rail guiding mechanism, and described sky rail guiding mechanism is arranged at described framework one end away from described stacking traveling gear.
Wherein in an embodiment, described battery transition frame comprises: support and battery charger cradle, and described battery charger cradle is arranged at described support, and the sense of motion of fork mechanism points to described battery charger cradle.
Wherein in an embodiment, described jacking system also comprises climbing frame, and described climbing erection is placed in the side of described lifting table away from described driving platform.
Wherein in an embodiment, described climbing erection is equipped with wedge surface, forms the angle of 90 degree ~ 180 degree between described wedge surface and described lifting table.
Wherein in an embodiment, described jacking system also comprises front and back centering body, and described front and back centering body is arranged at described lifting table.
Wherein in an embodiment, described jacking system also comprises left and right centering body, and described left and right centering body is all arranged at described lifting table.
Wherein in an embodiment, described in change electric installation and also comprise changing and be electrically directed to wheel, described in change and be electrically directed to wheel and be arranged on described walking bracing frame, and transport passage along described battery and roll and arrange.
Wherein in an embodiment, described lifting mechanism comprises: drive motor, lifting sprocket wheel and lifting rigid chain, described drive motor is arranged on described walking bracing frame, described lifting sprocket wheel and described drive motor are in transmission connection, described lifting rigid chain and described lifting sprocket engagement, and one end of described lifting rigid chain and described battery lifting platform fix.
Wherein in an embodiment, described battery changing mechanism comprises: rotating machine and knob, described rotating machine is arranged on described battery lifting platform, and described knob is connected with described rotating machine, and described knob is placed on outside described battery lifting platform at least partly.
Above-mentionedly change electric equipment by arranging the bunching device, battery transition frame, the jacking system that match and changing electric installation, integral structure is compacter, and drastically increases and change electrical efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation changing electric equipment of the utility model one embodiment;
The local structure schematic diagram that Fig. 2 is the bunching device shown in Fig. 1;
The local structure schematic diagram that Fig. 3 is another visual angle of the bunching device shown in Fig. 1;
The local structure schematic diagram that Fig. 4 is another visual angle of the bunching device shown in Fig. 1;
The local structure schematic diagram that Fig. 5 is another visual angle of the bunching device shown in Fig. 1;
The local structure schematic diagram that Fig. 6 is another visual angle of the bunching device shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing of Fig. 6 at A place;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the jacking system shown in Fig. 1;
The local structure schematic diagram that Fig. 9 is another state of the jacking system shown in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the structural representation at another visual angle of the jacking system shown in Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the lifting rigid chain shown in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the enlarged drawing of Fig. 9 at B place;
Figure 13 is the structural representation changing electric installation shown in Fig. 1;
Figure 14 is another visual angle local structure schematic diagram changing electric installation shown in Figure 13;
Figure 15 is another visual angle local structure schematic diagram changing electric installation shown in Figure 13.
Detailed description of the invention
For enabling above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage become apparent more, are described in detail detailed description of the invention of the present utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Set forth a lot of detail in the following description so that fully understand the utility model.But the utility model can be much different from alternate manner described here to implement, those skilled in the art can when doing similar improvement without prejudice to when the utility model intension, and therefore the utility model is by the restriction of following public concrete enforcement.
Refer to Fig. 1, it is the structural representation changing electric equipment 10 of the utility model one embodiment.
Change electric equipment 10 to comprise: bunching device 100, battery transition frame 200, jacking system 300 and change electric installation 400.Bunching device 100, battery transition frame 200 and jacking system 300 are arranged in order setting.Battery transition frame 200 is for depositing full battery and charging to power shortage battery.
Bunching device 100 charges for power shortage battery is transported to battery transition frame 200, and is taken out to be transported to by charged full battery again and change electric installation 400.Jacking system 300, for carrying out descending operation to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, carries out changing electricity operation to change the bottom that electric installation 400 can run to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed.Change electric installation 400 for being taken off by the power shortage battery in the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, and this power shortage battery is transported to bunching device 100, in addition, also for charged full battery is taken out from bunching device 100, and to carry out changing electricity operation bottom the electronlmobil this full battery being transported to battery to be changed.
See also Fig. 2 to Fig. 4, bunching device 100 comprises: framework 110, stacking traveling gear 120, sky rail guiding mechanism 130, lift system 140 and fork mechanism 150.Refer to Fig. 3, stacking traveling gear 120 and sky rail guiding mechanism 130 are arranged at framework 110 two ends respectively, and lift system 140 is arranged at framework 110.Refer to Fig. 4, fork mechanism 150 is arranged at lift system 140, and lift system 140 is elevated for driving fork mechanism 150.
In order to strengthen stress balance and the integral structure stability of framework 110, such as, refer to Fig. 2, framework 110 comprises two columns 111, entablatrance 112 and cross sill 113.Entablatrance 112 and cross sill 113 surround hollow cuboid structure after connecting the two ends of two columns 111 respectively; And for example, column 111 adopts " H " Zee bar steel Z welding forming, so, can strengthen stress balance and the integral structure stability of framework 110.
Refer to Fig. 2, stacking traveling gear 120 comprises: walking case 121, movable motor 122 and road wheel 123, see also Fig. 1, and stacking traveling gear 120 also comprises walking guide rail 124.Refer to Fig. 2, walking case 121 is arranged at framework 110, and movable motor 122 is connected with walking case 121, and road wheel 123 is arranged at walking case 121.See also Fig. 1, road wheel 123 rolls and is arranged at walking guide rail 124.When the road wheel 123 controlling stacking traveling gear 120 is walked along walking guide rail 124, bunching device 100 can be driven to move, be convenient to bunching device 100 is transported to default station to carry out stacking operation to battery, thus the limitation suffered by application scenario of whole bunching device 100 is reduced greatly.
Refer to Fig. 3, sky rail guiding mechanism 130 comprises: sky rail track adjusting wheel 131 and sky rail (not shown).It rail track adjusting wheel 131 is rotated and is arranged at framework 110, and rail track adjusting wheel 131 rolling in sky is arranged at described sky rail, and namely sky rail track adjusting wheel 131 is for rolling along described sky rail, and to play directional tagging, described sky rail be arranged in parallel with walking guide rail 124.Guiding and supporting role can be provided in the process of bunching device 100 walking by arranging day rail guiding mechanism 130, so, stability when bunching device 100 is walked can be improved on the one hand, problem bunching device 100 can also being avoided to tumble because of unbalance stress on the other hand, safety performance is more reliable.
Refer to Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, lift system 140 comprises: lifting motor 141, lifting transmission shaft 142, lifting driving chain wheel 143, lifting idler sprocket 144, lifting chain 145, pallet component 146 and lifting track adjusting wheel 147.
Refer to Fig. 5, lifting motor 141 is arranged on framework 110, promotes transmission shaft 142 and is connected with lifting motor 414, promotes driving chain wheel 143 and is placed on lifting transmission shaft 142.Controlling lifting motor 141 rotation can drive lifting transmission shaft 142 to rotate, and then drives lifting driving chain wheel 143 to rotate.
See also Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, promote idler sprocket 144 and be arranged at framework 110, lifting chain 145 drive sleeve is placed in and promotes driving chain wheel 143 and promote idler sprocket 144.Promote idler sprocket 144 for providing tensile force, to guarantee the tensile force that lifting chain 145 keeps certain in roundtrips to lifting chain 145.Concrete, promote idler sprocket 144 and promote the two ends that driving chain wheel 143 lays respectively at column 111, so, greatly can increase the length of the single line stroke of lifting chain 145.
Refer to Fig. 3, pallet component 146 is fixed with lifting chain 145, and namely pallet component 146 is fixed with the lifting chain 145 of the wherein single line stroke in roundtrips.By controlling the direction that lifting motor 141 rotates, the stroke directions of lifting chain 145 can be controlled, and then control pallet component 146 realizes descending operation.Be appreciated that, when the length of the single line stroke of lifting chain 145 is larger, the liftable distance of pallet component 146 is also comparatively large, so, just can take out the battery being positioned at and described battery transition frame being positioned at higher position, namely also can improve the quantity of described battery transition frame being stacked battery.In addition, drive pallet component 146 to carry out descending operation by above-mentioned type of drive, relative to traditional bunching device, structure is more simply compact, and lifting is more steady, and safety performance is also more reliable.
Refer to Fig. 6, promote track adjusting wheel 147 and be rotationally connected with pallet component 146, promote track adjusting wheel 147 rolling and be arranged at framework 110.Support and directional tagging can be played by arranging lifting track adjusting wheel 147 in the lifting process of pallet component 146, so, the stationarity of lifting can be improved.Concrete, promote the column 111 rolling setting of track adjusting wheel 147 along framework 110, promote track adjusting wheel 147 and at least arrange two, two promote the both sides that track adjusting wheel 147 lays respectively at column 111.Namely the both sides of each column 111 at least arrange two and promote track adjusting wheel 147, so, can improve the stationarity of lifting further.
Refer to Fig. 4 and Fig. 7, fork mechanism 150 comprises: pallet fork motor 151, pallet fork transmission shaft 152, pallet fork gear 153, pallet fork tooth bar 154 and pallet fork plate 155.
Refer to Fig. 4, pallet fork motor 151 is arranged on pallet component 146, and pallet fork transmission shaft 152 is connected with pallet fork motor 151.Controlling pallet fork motor 151 can drive pallet fork transmission shaft 152 to rotate.
Refer to Fig. 7, pallet fork gear 153 and pallet fork transmission shaft 152 are in transmission connection, and when pallet fork transmission shaft 152 rotates, pallet fork gear 153 can be driven to rotate.Pallet fork tooth bar 154 engages with pallet fork gear 153, and pallet fork plate 155 and pallet fork tooth bar 154 fix.When pallet fork gear 153 rotates, can drive the pallet fork tooth bar 154 that engages with pallet fork gear 153 along pallet fork gear 153 forward or seesaw, and then drive the pallet fork plate 155 that fixes with pallet fork tooth bar 154 near or direction away from pallet component 146 move, i.e. pallet fork plate 155 generation retraction or the action of stretching out.
In order to more steadily and more easily fetching battery, such as, refer to Fig. 4, pallet fork plate 155 arranges two pieces, is provided with interval between two blocks of pallet fork plates 155; And for example, see also Fig. 3, the bearing of trend of pallet fork plate 155 is vertical with the bearing of trend of lifting chain 145, so, and can more steadily and more easily fetching battery.
The principle of work of above-mentioned bunching device 100 is as follows:
First, control stacking traveling gear 120 and drive bunching device 100 to move to default station, such as, bunching device 100 is transported to the side of battery transition frame 200 away from bunching device 300.
Then, when changing electric installation 400 by when being transported to bunching device 100 from the power shortage battery taken off in replaceable battery electric automobile, the pallet fork plate 155 controlling fork mechanism 150 stretches out, and takes off the power shortage battery changed on electric installation 400.Then, the pallet fork plate 155 controlling to carry power shortage battery is retracted, and is blocked in process of rising or falling to avoid pallet fork plate 155 by battery transition frame 200.Then, then control lift system 140 the pallet fork plate 155 carrying power shortage battery is promoted in battery transition frame 200 preset battery charger cradle, now, power shortage battery is towards this preset charged platform.Then, then the pallet fork plate 155 controlling fork mechanism 150 stretches out, and power shortage battery is transported to default battery charger cradle charges.After above-mentioned power shortage battery charging, then the pallet fork plate 155 controlling fork mechanism 150 is retracted, and now, pallet fork plate 155 is returned to initial condition.
Finally, control lift system 140 and promoted by the pallet fork plate 155 of zero load or drop to battery charger cradle battery transition frame 200 being placed with full battery, now, pallet fork plate 155 is placed with the battery charger cradle of full battery towards this.Then, control pallet fork plate 155 and stretch out, and take off full battery.Then, then control lift system 140 and the pallet fork plate 155 carrying full battery is transported to changes electric installation 400, change after electric installation 400 takes off full battery, treat replaceable battery electric automobile and carry out changing electricity operation.
Above-mentioned bunching device 100 can to the loading or unloading operation of object by arranging that stacking traveling gear 120, lift system 140 and fork mechanism 150 match, and structure is compacter.In addition, relative to traditional drive mechanism, lift system 140 is elevated comparatively steady, and safety performance is also more reliable.
Refer to Fig. 1, battery transition frame 200 comprises: support 210 and battery charger cradle 220, battery charger cradle 220 is arranged at support 210.Battery charger cradle 220 arranges multiple, the rectangular array distribution of multiple battery charger cradles 220 is on support 210, and be provided with interval between upper and lower two adjacent battery charger cradles 200, so, can so that pallet fork plate 155 stretch in the interval between upper and lower two adjacent battery charger cradles 200, to realize picking and placeing of full battery and power shortage battery.
In order to carry out loading or unloading operation to battery more easily, such as, please participate in Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 in the lump, the sense of motion of pallet fork plate 155 points to battery charger cradle 220; And for example, pallet fork plate 155 and battery charger cradle 220 be arranged in parallel, so, can carry out loading or unloading operation more easily to battery.
Refer to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, jacking system 300 comprises: base 310, driving platform 320, battery transport passage 330, lifting mechanism 340, lifting table 350, front and back centering body 360, left and right centering body 370 and climbing frame 380.Driving platform 320 is for supporting the electronlmobil of the battery to be changed in walking process, and it is arranged on base 310.As shown in Figure 8, the one end portion of battery transport passage 330 stretches into driving platform 320 and arranges, and such as, battery transports one end portion and the concordant setting of driving platform 320 of passage 330.See also Fig. 1, battery transports the other end of passage 330 and is connected with the support 210 of battery transition frame 200.Lifting mechanism 340 is arranged on the both sides of driving platform 320, and lifting table 350 is installed on lifting mechanism 340.Front and back centering body 360 and left and right centering body 370 are all arranged at lifting table 350.Climbing frame 380 is arranged at the side of lifting table 350 away from driving platform 320.
Refer to Fig. 8, battery transports passage 330 and comprises: transport platform 331 and guided way 332, and guided way 332 is arranged at and transports outside platform 331.See also Fig. 1, transport one end of platform 331 and be connected with the support 210 of battery transition frame 200, the part of transporting the other end of platform 331 stretches into and is arranged at driving platform 320.So, change electric installation 400 and just can travel to and fro between driving platform 320 and battery transition frame 200 along transport platform 331, to realize power shortage battery and to expire picking and placeing of battery.In addition, the walking can also exchanging electric installation 400 by arranging guided way 332 provides directional tagging, to make to change electric installation 400 more steadily and walk in battery more accurately and transport passage 330, be more conducive to changing electric installation 400 and full battery and full battery are are accurately picked and placeed.Such as, it is concordant with driving platform 320 that transport platform 331 stretches into the part being arranged at driving platform 320, so, can make to change electric installation 400 along in the process of transporting platform 331 walking, be smoothly through platform 320 of driving a vehicle.
Refer to Fig. 9 to Figure 11, lifting mechanism 340 comprises: lifting motor 341, transmission component 342, lifting sprocket wheel 343, lifting rigid chain 344 and lifting scissor 345.
Refer to Fig. 9, lifting motor 341 is arranged on base 310, provides power to give lifting mechanism 340.Such as, the rotation direction of lifting motor 341 is adjusted to reversion or rotates forward the lifting that can realize lifting table 350, and the lifting principle about detailed lifting table 350 will be introduced below.
Refer to Figure 10 and Figure 11, transmission component 342 and lifting motor 341 are in transmission connection.Lifting sprocket wheel 343 is connected with transmission component 342, and lifting motor 341 is rotated to drive lifting sprocket wheel 343 by transmission component 342.Lifting rigid chain 344 engages with lifting sprocket wheel 343, and one end of lifting rigid chain 344 and lifting table 350 fix.After the battery-driven car of battery to be changed is walked by the transition of driving platform 320, and when making the front and back wheel of the battery-driven car of battery to be changed all be parked on lifting table 350, transition walking herein refers to that the front and back wheel of the battery-driven car of battery to be changed is successively by driving platform 320.Such as, lifting table 350 arranges two, the front and back wheel of the battery-driven car of two corresponding batteries to be changed of lifting table 350 difference, now, controlling lifting motor 341 drives lifting sprocket wheel 343 to rotate by transmission component 342, move along lifting sprocket wheel 343 to drive lifting rigid chain 344, because lifting rigid chain 344 is set to rigid chain, therefore be elevated rigid chain 344 and can change plumbness into from horizontality, and lifting rigid chain 344 meetings in plumbness are toward lopsidedness, such as, lifting rigid chain 344 at least arranges two, and two lifting rigid chains 344 are oppositely arranged, to guarantee that lifting rigid chain 344 maintains stably plumbness, thus the battery-driven car of the battery to be changed that jack-up lifting table 350 is parked, and then achieve the descending operation of battery-driven car of lifting table 350 and battery to be changed.Such as, see also Fig. 1, after lifting table 350 drives the battery-driven car of battery to be changed to rise, change electric installation 200 and run to below the battery-driven car of battery to be changed, to carry out the loading or unloading operation of power shortage battery and full battery to the battery-driven car of battery to be changed.
Above-mentioned lifting mechanism 340 carries out changing the battery-driven car that can realize for parking battery to be changed in horizontality and plumbness lifting table 350 by controlling lifting rigid chain 344 is elevated, and can also supporting elevation platform 350 reposefully, thus achieve that to take up an area space less and exempt from the supporting effect of foundation ditch.
Tilt toward the direction away from described alignment pin 344b to make to be elevated rigid chain 344 meetings, such as, refer to Figure 11, lifting rigid chain 344 comprises some chain sheet 344a connected successively, and the medium position of each chain sheet 344a arranges an alignment pin 344b.When three chain sheet 344a connect, the alignment pin 344b being positioned at the chain sheet 344a of medium position can withstand and support two adjacent chain sheet 344a of two, ground with described alignment pin 344b, so, can make to be elevated rigid chain 344 meetings to tilt toward the direction away from described alignment pin 344b, thus control its direction of tilt.
In order to improve the stationarity of lifting table 350 in the process of lifting further, such as, refer to Figure 10, lifting scissor 345 is connected with lifting table 350 and base 310 respectively, when lifting table 350 is in the process of lifting, lifting scissor 345 also can carry out opening and closing action accordingly, so, can improve the stationarity of lifting table 350 in the process of lifting further by arranging lifting scissor 345.
Refer to Figure 12, front and back centering body 360 comprises: spill fixed strip 361 and multiple top roller 362 with an opening 361a.Spill fixed strip 361 be obliquely installed in lifting table 350 side and opening 361a inwardly, multiple top roller 362 rotates and is arranged in spill fixed strip 361, and top roller 362 is placed on outside opening 361a at least partly.When the wheel of the electronlmobil of battery to be changed and top roller 362 support, top roller 362 can limit the wheel of the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, to carry out front and back centering positioning action to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed.Such as, two sides of lifting table 350 arrange two front and back centering bodies 360 respectively, and so, before and after two, centering bodies 360 can carry out front and back centering positioning action to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed more accurately.
Refer to Figure 10, left and right centering body 370 comprises: centering motor 371, centering idler sprocket 372, centering chain 373, displacement fabricated section 374 and correcting roller 375.Centering motor 371 and centering idler sprocket 372 are arranged at intervals at lifting table 350, and centering chain 373 drive sleeve is placed in turning cylinder and the centering idler sprocket 372 of centering motor 371.Displacement fabricated section 374 and centering chain 373 fix.See also Fig. 9, the sense of motion of displacement fabricated section 374 is parallel with lifting table 350, and correcting roller 375 rotates and is arranged at displacement fabricated section 374.When left and right centering body 370 passed through by the wheel of the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, controlling centering motor 371 drives centering chain 373 to move, stretch out to drive the correcting roller 375 being installed on displacement fabricated section 374, corrected by correcting roller 375 pairs of wheels, the left and right centering positioning action of the electronlmobil of battery to be changed can be realized.Such as, the front and back wheel of the electronlmobil of about two centering bodies about 370, two the corresponding batteries to be changed of centering bodies 370 difference is set.
Refer to Fig. 8, climbing frame 380 is arranged at the side of lifting table 350 away from driving platform 320.Climbing frame 380 is provided with wedge surface 381, forms the angle of 90 degree ~ 180 degree between wedge surface 381 and lifting table 350, and so, the electronlmobil being more conducive to battery to be changed climbs up climbing frame 380, thus can more successfully travel to lifting table 350.
Above-mentioned jacking system 300 can carry out descending operation to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed by arranging driving platform 320, lifting mechanism 340 and lifting table 350, and structure is compacter, and occupation of land space is less.In addition, relative to traditional jacking system, can also realize exempting from foundation ditch supporting.
Refer to Figure 13, change electric installation 400 and comprise: walking bracing frame 410, change electric traveling gear 420, change and be electrically directed to wheel 430, lifting mechanism 440, battery lifting platform 450 and battery changing mechanism 460.Change electric traveling gear 420 and be arranged on walking bracing frame 410.See also Fig. 8, change electric traveling gear 420 along transport platform 331 can walk, change be electrically directed to wheel 430 be arranged on walking bracing frame 410, and change be electrically directed to wheel 430 along guided way 332 roll arrange.Lifting mechanism 440 is arranged on walking bracing frame 410, is arranged on lifting mechanism 440 for the battery lifting platform 450 carrying battery.Battery changing mechanism 460 is arranged at battery lifting platform 450.
Refer to Figure 14, change electric traveling gear 420 and comprise: change electric movable motor 421, change electrical travelling and walk transmission component 422, change electrical travelling travelling wheel 423.Change electric movable motor 421 and be arranged on walking bracing frame 410, change electrical travelling to walk transmission component 422 and change electric movable motor 421 to be in transmission connection, change electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 and change electrical travelling and walk transmission component 422 and be in transmission connection, control to change electric movable motor 421 and walk transmission component 422 and can be with by changing electrical travelling and move electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 and rotate.See also Fig. 8, change electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 and walk along transport platform 331, change and be electrically directed to wheel 430 along guided way 332 rolling setting.When needs take off power shortage battery in the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, and when full battery is loaded the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, change changing electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 and running to by the bottom of the electronlmobil after promoting to carry out the loading or unloading operation of battery along transporting platform 331 of electric traveling gear 420, and in the walking process changing electric traveling gear 420, change and be electrically directed to wheel 430 and can play directional tagging, to make to change electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 more steadily and walk in more accurately and transport platform 331, be more conducive to changing electric installation 400 pairs of power shortage batteries and full battery accurately picks and places.
In order to promote the stationarity of changing electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 walking process further, such as, refer to Figure 14, change and be electrically directed to wheel 430 and arrange four, four are changed and are electrically directed to wheel 430 and are arranged on walking four of bracing frame 410 end angles, so, can promote the stationarity of changing electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 walking process further.
Refer to Figure 15, lifting mechanism 440 comprises: drive motor 441, lifting sprocket wheel (not shown), lifting rigid chain 442 and lifting scissor 443.
Drive motor 441 is arranged on walking bracing frame 410, and described lifting sprocket wheel and drive motor 441 are in transmission connection, and such as, described lifting sprocket wheel is connected with drive motor 441 by transmission shaft 444, and described lifting sprocket wheel is placed on outside transmission shaft 444.Lifting rigid chain 442 and described lifting sprocket engagement, and one end of lifting rigid chain 442 and battery lifting platform 450 fix, controlling drive motor 441 rotation can drive lifting rigid chain 442 to move, thus battery lifting platform 450 can be driven to realize descending operation, and then can drive and be placed on battery on battery lifting platform 450 and realize descending operation.Lifting scissor 443 is connected with walking bracing frame 410 and battery lifting platform 450 respectively, the lifting of battery lifting platform 450 can be made more steady, and can also play a supporting role by arranging lifting scissor 443.
In order to improve the stationarity of the lifting of battery lifting platform 450 further, such as, refer to Figure 13, lifting scissor 443 arranges four, and four lifting scissors 443 are distributed in four end angles of battery lifting platform 450; And for example, walking bracing frame 410 offers chute, and sliding and be arranged at chute 411 in one end of lifting scissor 443, so, can improve the stationarity of the lifting of battery lifting platform 450 further.
Refer to Figure 13, battery changing mechanism 460 comprises: rotating machine 461 and knob 462, and rotating machine 461 is arranged on battery lifting platform 450, and knob 462 is connected with rotating machine 461, and knob 462 is placed on outside battery lifting platform 450 at least partly.When needs to unlock battery and are locked to operation, control rotating machine 461 and drive knob 462 carry out rotating with different directions the unblock that got final product battery pair and be locked to operation, it is high to change electrical efficiency.
In order to make battery changing mechanism 460 carry out docking operation with electronlmobil more accurately, such as, refer to Figure 13, battery changing mechanism 460 also comprises guidepost 463, and guidepost 463 is arranged at battery lifting platform; And for example, battery lifting platform 450 offers pilot hole 451, so, by the directional tagging of guidepost 463 and/or pilot hole 451, battery changing mechanism 460 can be made to carry out docking operation with electronlmobil more accurately.
Fit with battery surface better to make battery lifting platform 450, thus battery can be placed on battery lifting platform 450 more reposefully, such as, refer to Figure 15, battery lifting platform 450 arranges planar structure away from lifting rigid chain 442 1 side, so, battery lifting platform 450 can be made to fit with battery surface better, thus battery can be placed on battery lifting platform 450 more reposefully.
Above-mentioned principle of work of changing electric installation 400 is as follows:
First, need the power shortage battery of the electronlmobil to battery to be changed to carry out unblock charging operations, its concrete steps are as follows:
The electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 that changes controlling to change electric traveling gear 420 runs to the bottom of the electronlmobil of battery to be changed along transporting platform 331, controlling lifting mechanism 440 afterwards drives battery lifting platform 450 to rise, until battery changing mechanism 460 docks with the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, then, control to change the battery compartment of mechanism 460 to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed unlock and take off power shortage battery, finally, control is changed electric installation 400 and is run to bunching device 100, and controls bunching device 100 and be transported in battery transition frame 200 by power shortage battery and carry out charging operations.Now, the unblock charging operations of power shortage battery is completed.
Finally, need the loading locking operation electronlmobil of battery to be changed being carried out to full battery, its concrete steps are as follows:
Control bunching device 100 full battery is taken off from battery transition frame 200, and be placed into and change on electric installation 400, afterwards, the electrical travelling travelling wheel 423 that changes controlling to change electric traveling gear 420 runs to the bottom of the electronlmobil of battery to be changed again along transporting platform 331, controlling lifting mechanism 440 afterwards drives battery lifting platform 450 to rise, and full battery is loaded in the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, then, control to change mechanism 460 carries out full battery locking operation to the battery compartment of the electronlmobil of battery to be changed.Now, the loading locking operation of full battery is completed.
Above-mentioned change electric installation 400 by arrange match change electric traveling gear 420, lifting mechanism 440, battery lifting platform 450 and battery changing mechanism 460, simple and compact for structure, and it is higher to change electrical efficiency.
Refer to Fig. 1, above-mentioned principle of work of changing electric equipment 10 is as follows:
First, the electric automobile during traveling of battery to be changed, on jacking system 300, afterwards, controls jacking system 300 and the electronlmobil of battery to be changed is raised up to preset height.Then, control to change the bottom that electric installation 400 runs to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, unlock and take off power shortage battery.Afterwards, then control to change electric installation 400 power shortage battery is transported to bunching device 100, power shortage battery is positioned in battery transition frame 200 and charges by bunching device 100 again.Then control bunching device 100 and already charged full battery is taken off and is placed on change on electric installation 400 then.Afterwards, control to change the bottom that electric installation 400 comes back to the electronlmobil of battery to be changed, load and the full battery of locking.Finally, control to change electric installation 400 and get back to predeterminated position, and control jacking system 300 and drop to initial position, the electronlmobil of battery to be changed sails out of jacking system 300.Now, complete and wholely change electricity operation, it is higher to change electrical efficiency.
The above-mentioned electric equipment 10 that changes is by arranging the bunching device 100, battery transition frame 200, the jacking system 300 that match and changing electric installation 400, and integral structure is compacter, and drastically increases and change electrical efficiency.
The above embodiment only have expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (10)

1. change an electric equipment, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Bunching device, described bunching device comprises: framework, stacking traveling gear, lift system and fork mechanism, and described stacking traveling gear is arranged at described framework, and described lift system is arranged at described framework, and described fork mechanism is arranged at described lift system;
For depositing the battery transition frame of battery, the sense of motion of described fork mechanism points to described battery transition frame;
Jacking system, described jacking system comprises: base, driving platform, battery transport passage, lifting mechanism and lifting table, described driving stage+module is in described base, the one end portion of described battery transport passage stretches into and is arranged at described driving platform, the other end that described battery transports passage is connected with described battery transition frame, described lifting mechanism is arranged on the both sides of described driving platform, and described lifting table is installed on described lifting mechanism; And
Change electric installation, the described electric installation that changes comprises: walking bracing frame, change electric traveling gear, lifting mechanism, battery lifting platform and battery changing mechanism, describedly change electric traveling gear and be arranged on described walking bracing frame, describedly change electric traveling gear for transporting passage walking along described battery, described lifting mechanism is arranged on described walking bracing frame, described battery lifting platform is installed on described lifting mechanism, and described battery changing mechanism is arranged at described battery lifting platform.
2. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described bunching device also comprises a day rail guiding mechanism, and described sky rail guiding mechanism is arranged at described framework one end away from described stacking traveling gear.
3. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described battery transition frame comprises: support and battery charger cradle, and described battery charger cradle is arranged at described support, and the sense of motion of fork mechanism points to described battery charger cradle.
4. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described jacking system also comprises climbing frame, and described climbing erection is placed in the side of described lifting table away from described driving platform.
5. according to claim 4ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described climbing erection is equipped with wedge surface, forms the angle of 90 degree ~ 180 degree between described wedge surface and described lifting table.
6. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described jacking system also comprises front and back centering body, and described front and back centering body is arranged at described lifting table.
7. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described jacking system also comprises left and right centering body, and described left and right centering body is all arranged at described lifting table.
8. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described in change electric installation and also comprise changing and be electrically directed to wheel, described in change and be electrically directed to wheel and be arranged on described walking bracing frame, and transport passage along described battery and roll and arrange.
9. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described lifting mechanism comprises: drive motor, lifting sprocket wheel and lifting rigid chain, described drive motor is arranged on described walking bracing frame, described lifting sprocket wheel and described drive motor are in transmission connection, described lifting rigid chain and described lifting sprocket engagement, and one end of described lifting rigid chain and described battery lifting platform fix.
10. according to claim 1ly change electric equipment, it is characterized in that, described battery changing mechanism comprises: rotating machine and knob, described rotating machine is arranged on described battery lifting platform, described knob is connected with described rotating machine, and described knob is placed on outside described battery lifting platform at least partly.
CN201520221255.0U 2015-04-13 2015-04-13 Change electric equipment Expired - Fee Related CN204659695U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104842962A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-08-19 深圳精智机器有限公司 Electricity exchanging equipment
CN106364464A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-01 深圳精智机器有限公司 Battery replacing equipment
CN107628570A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-01-26 合肥鑫诚轿车技术服务有限公司 A kind of automobile maintenance workshop moving supporting device
CN108640018A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-12 上海工程技术大学 A kind of reciprocating translational elevating mechanism for battery altering
EP3715197A4 (en) * 2017-11-22 2021-09-01 Nio Anhui Holding Co Ltd Automatic battery exchange platform for electric vehicle and battery exchange station
EP3715195A4 (en) * 2017-11-22 2021-09-01 Nio Anhui Holding Co Ltd Automatic battery swap platform and battery swap station for electric vehicles

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104842962A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-08-19 深圳精智机器有限公司 Electricity exchanging equipment
CN106364464A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-01 深圳精智机器有限公司 Battery replacing equipment
CN106364464B (en) * 2016-09-06 2020-01-31 深圳精智机器有限公司 Battery replacing device
CN107628570A (en) * 2017-08-24 2018-01-26 合肥鑫诚轿车技术服务有限公司 A kind of automobile maintenance workshop moving supporting device
EP3715197A4 (en) * 2017-11-22 2021-09-01 Nio Anhui Holding Co Ltd Automatic battery exchange platform for electric vehicle and battery exchange station
EP3715195A4 (en) * 2017-11-22 2021-09-01 Nio Anhui Holding Co Ltd Automatic battery swap platform and battery swap station for electric vehicles
CN108640018A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-10-12 上海工程技术大学 A kind of reciprocating translational elevating mechanism for battery altering
CN108640018B (en) * 2018-05-23 2019-10-01 上海工程技术大学 A kind of reciprocating translational elevating mechanism for battery altering

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