CN204658603U - A kind of tenonen automatically - Google Patents

A kind of tenonen automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204658603U
CN204658603U CN201420742722.XU CN201420742722U CN204658603U CN 204658603 U CN204658603 U CN 204658603U CN 201420742722 U CN201420742722 U CN 201420742722U CN 204658603 U CN204658603 U CN 204658603U
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China
Prior art keywords
track
cylinder
contact
linear track
making switch
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CN201420742722.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘义君
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潘义君
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of tenonen automatically, comprise frame (2), described frame (2) is provided with feed mechanism (4), discharging mechanism (6), workbench (8) and set of knives body (9).The utility model has following advantages relative to prior art: (1) is owing to adopting clamped one time location, time processing.Reduce accumulated error, machining accuracy, dimensional uniformity is guaranteed; (2) automated production must alleviate the labour intensity of operative employee.Reject human factor simultaneously and improve crudy; (3) in process, operative employee is away from rotary cutting mechanism, and safety problem is solved.

Description

A kind of tenonen automatically
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of tenonen automatically.
Background technology
Woodwork skill product need to carry out mortise processing, namely mill out the groove of respective shapes in the side of woodwork.Single spindle moulding machine is generally used to carry out mortise for this is wooden at present.Mortise mode of the prior art at least have in following shortcoming one or more.
1. use single spindle moulding machine to carry out mortise, owing to being manually compress and promote slide unit and everyone firmly difference, so the product size uniformity processed is poor, finally assembled go out picture frame poor flatness, dimensional uniformity is also poor, and seam is unsightly.
2. whole process is manual operation, and operative employee's labour intensity is large.
3. manual operation under gang tool High Rotation Speed, potential safety hazard is given prominence to.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of tenonen that can carry out automatic mortise.
For solving the problem, the utility model provides a kind of tenonen automatically, and comprise frame, described frame is provided with feed mechanism, discharging mechanism, workbench and set of knives body, it is characterized in that:
-described feed mechanism be arranged on level and for straight line the first linear track on,
-described discharging mechanism is arranged on the second linear track n contour and parallel with described first linear track,
-described workbench is provided with a promotion, and it makees the second power set of linear reciprocating motion between described feed mechanism one end and described discharging mechanism one end along third linear track, and described third linear track is contour and vertical with described first linear track;
-described set of knives body is arranged on described third linear track, it comprises the cutter head being driven rotation by the 3rd whirligig, and the 3rd power set driving described cutter head to move reciprocatingly along the 4th linear track, acutangulate or right angle between described 4th linear track and described third linear track.
As further improvement of the utility model, wherein:
-described feed mechanism comprises first track of length along the bar shaped of described first linear track distribution, is arranged in described first track, and is driven the slide block that can move reciprocatingly along the length direction of described first track by the second power set;
-described workbench comprises the fixture for being fixed by workpiece and promote described workpiece does horizontal movement the first pusher along its horizontal operation face;
-described discharging mechanism comprises the second track of bar shaped along described second linear track distribution, and can promote described workpiece does horizontal movement the second pusher along the length direction of described second track.
As further improvement of the utility model, described fixture comprises horizontal-clamping cylinder and vertical clamping cylinder, described horizontal-clamping cylinder comprises the first cylinder body of being fixedly installed and to be connected on described first cylinder body and can to do the first cylinder arm of horizontal stretching motion, and described vertical clamping cylinder comprises the second cylinder body of being fixedly installed and to be connected on described second cylinder body and vertically can to do the second cylinder arm of stretching motion.
As further improvement of the utility model, described first material-pulling device is be arranged on dish type first driving wheel rotated above described working face and by the first whirligig driving, described second material-pulling device is be arranged on dish type second driving wheel rotated above described second track and by the second whirligig driving, described first drives the minimum range a taking turns to described working face, and described second drives the minimum range b taking turns to described second track to be all less than the thickness of described workpiece.
As further improvement of the utility model, described set of knives body also comprises the pedestal be fixed in described frame, and be fixed with the tool fixing seat of described cutter head, described 3rd power set are the 3rd horizontal air cylinder, it comprise be fixed on the 3rd cylinder body on described pedestal and two ends respectively with the 3rd cylinder arm on described 3rd cylinder body and tool fixing seat, described 3rd cylinder arm can do stretching motion along described 4th linear track.
As further improvement of the utility model, described pay-off also comprises one and is positioned at material frame on described first track, and described workpiece overlays on described material frame from bottom to top successively, and the height of described slide block is less than the thickness of described workpiece.
As further improvement of the utility model, described workbench and described discharging mechanism are slidably connected in described frame respectively by the first slide unit and the second slide unit, described first slide unit and the second slide unit are equipped with and are fixed in movable locking device in described frame.
As further improvement of the utility model, also comprise:
-the first contact-making switch, it is arranged on described first track, and described first contact-making switch can control described first driving wheel and rotate;
-the second contact-making switch, it is arranged on described working face, and described second contact-making switch can control the shutdown of described first driving wheel, the first cylinder arm clamping of described horizontal-clamping cylinder, and workbench is along third linear track to discharging mechanism one end motion;
-three contact-making switch, it is arranged in described frame, time in described working table movement to described second linear track, contact with described 3rd contact-making switch, the second cylinder arm that described 3rd contact-making switch can control described vertical clamping cylinder moves downward, described 3rd whirligig delayed startup, simultaneously described 3rd power set promote described cutter fixed disk and move along the 4th linear track;
-four contact-making switch, it is arranged on described 4th linear track, described 4th contact-making switch can control the first cylinder arm counter motion of described horizontal-clamping cylinder, unclamps workpiece, drives described 3rd power set to drive described cutter fixed disk to return along described 4th linear track simultaneously;
-five contact-making switch, it is arranged on described 4th linear track, the second cylinder arm that described 5th contact-making switch can control described vertical clamping cylinder moves upward, described 3rd whirligig stops the rotation, simultaneously described first driving wheel and 4 wheel driven driving wheel delayed startup;
-six contact-making switch, it is arranged on described first track, and described 6th contact-making switch can control described slide block stop motion.
As further improvement of the utility model, described 3rd whirligig is motor.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) owing to adopting clamped one time location, time processing.Reduce accumulated error, machining accuracy, dimensional uniformity is guaranteed.
(2) automated production must alleviate the labour intensity of operative employee.Reject human factor simultaneously and improve crudy.
(3) in process, operative employee is away from rotary cutting mechanism, and safety problem is solved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation in the utility model front;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model reverse side
Wherein: 2-frame; 4-feed mechanism; 6-discharging mechanism; 8-workbench; 9-set of knives body; 10-first track; 11-cutter head; 12-slide block; 14-working face; 16-second track; 18-horizontal-clamping cylinder; The vertical clamping cylinder of 20-; 22-first driving wheel; 24-second driving wheel; 26-pedestal; 28-tool fixing seat; 30-the 3rd horizontal air cylinder; 32-material frame; 34-first slide unit; 36-second slide unit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below detailed description of the invention of the present utility model is described in further detail.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the utility model comprises frame 2, and described frame 2 is provided with feed mechanism 4, discharging mechanism 6, workbench 8 and set of knives body 9, it is characterized in that:
-described feed mechanism 4 be arranged on level and for straight line dress the first linear track on,
-described discharging mechanism 6 is arranged on the second linear track n contour and parallel with described first linear track,
-described workbench 8 is provided with a promotion, and it makees the second power set of linear reciprocating motion between described feed mechanism 4 one end and described discharging mechanism 6 one end along third linear track, and described third linear track is contour and vertical with described first linear track;
-described set of knives body 9 is arranged on described third linear track, it comprises the cutter head 11 being driven rotation by the 3rd whirligig, and the 3rd power set driving described cutter head 11 to move reciprocatingly along the 4th linear track, acutangulate or right angle between described 4th linear track and described third linear track.
As further improvement of the utility model, wherein:
-described feed mechanism 4 comprises first track 10 of length along the bar shaped of described first linear track distribution, is arranged in described first track 10, and is driven the slide block 12 that can move reciprocatingly along the length direction of described first track 10 by the second power set;
-described workbench 8 comprises the fixture for being fixed by workpiece and promotes described workpiece does horizontal movement the first pusher along its horizontal operation face 14;
-described discharging mechanism 6 comprises the second track 16 of bar shaped along described second linear track distribution, and can promote described workpiece does horizontal movement the second pusher along the length direction of described second track 16.
As further improvement of the utility model, described fixture comprises horizontal-clamping cylinder 18 and vertical clamping cylinder 20, described horizontal-clamping cylinder 18 comprises the first cylinder body of being fixedly installed and to be connected on described first cylinder body and can to do the first cylinder arm of horizontal stretching motion, and described vertical clamping cylinder 20 comprises the second cylinder body of being fixedly installed and to be connected on described second cylinder body and vertically can to do the second cylinder arm of stretching motion.
As further improvement of the utility model, described first material-pulling device is be arranged on dish type first driving wheel 22 rotated above described working face 14 and by the first whirligig driving, described second material-pulling device is be arranged on dish type second driving wheel 24 rotated above described second track 16 and by the second whirligig driving, described first driving wheel 22 is to the minimum range a of described working face 14, and described second driving wheel 24 is all less than the thickness of described workpiece to the minimum range b of described second track 16.
As further improvement of the utility model, described set of knives body 9 also comprises the pedestal 26 be fixed in described frame 2, and be fixed with the tool fixing seat 28 of described cutter head 11, described 3rd power set are the 3rd horizontal air cylinder 30, it comprise be fixed on the 3rd cylinder body on described pedestal 26 and two ends respectively with the 3rd cylinder arm on described 3rd cylinder body and tool fixing seat 28, described 3rd cylinder arm can do stretching motion along described 4th linear track.
As further improvement of the utility model, described pay-off also comprises one and is positioned at material frame 32 on described first track 10, and described workpiece overlays on described material frame 32 from bottom to top successively, and the height of described slide block 12 is less than the thickness of described workpiece.
As further improvement of the utility model, described workbench 8 and described discharging mechanism 6 are slidably connected in described frame 2 respectively by the first slide unit 34 and the second slide unit 36, described first slide unit 34 and the second slide unit 36 are equipped with and are fixed in movable locking device in described frame 2.
As further improvement of the utility model, also comprise:
-the first contact-making switch, it is arranged on described first track 10, and described first contact-making switch can control described first driving wheel 22 and rotate;
-the second contact-making switch, it is arranged on described working face 14, described second contact-making switch can control the shutdown of described first driving wheel 22, the first cylinder arm clamping of described horizontal-clamping cylinder 18, and workbench 8 is along third linear track to discharging mechanism 6 one end motion;
-three contact-making switch, it is arranged in described frame 2, when described workbench 8 moves on described second linear track, contact with described 3rd contact-making switch, the second cylinder arm that described 3rd contact-making switch can control described vertical clamping cylinder 20 moves downward, described 3rd whirligig delayed startup, simultaneously described 3rd power set promote described cutter fixed disk 28 and move along the 4th linear track;
-four contact-making switch, it is arranged on described 4th linear track, described 4th contact-making switch can control the first cylinder arm counter motion of described horizontal-clamping cylinder 18, unclamp workpiece, drive described 3rd power set to drive described cutter fixed disk 28 to return along described 4th linear track simultaneously;
-five contact-making switch, it is arranged on described 4th linear track, the second cylinder arm that described 5th contact-making switch can control described vertical clamping cylinder 20 moves upward, described 3rd whirligig stops the rotation, simultaneously described first driving wheel 22 and 4 wheel driven driving wheel 24 delayed startup;
-six contact-making switch, it is arranged on described first track 10, and described 6th contact-making switch can control the stop motion of described slide block 12.
As further improvement of the utility model, described 3rd whirligig is motor.
Concrete operation step of the present utility model is as follows:
A. first workpiece is overlayed from bottom to top in material frame 32;
B. the second power set drive slide block 12 to move along the first track 10, and serious first track 10 of workpiece promoting material frame 32 bottommost moves;
C. after workpiece moves to certain distance on the first track 10, contact with the first contact-making switch, the first contact-making switch drives the first driving wheel 22 to move, and continues to promote workpiece and advances;
D. after workpiece contacts with the second contact-making switch on working face 14, drive the first driving wheel 22 stop motion, first cylinder arm of horizontal-clamping cylinder 18 moves downward clamping work pieces, and then workbench 8 selects along third linear track to discharging mechanism 6 one end motion in the effect of the second power set;
E. when workbench 8 moves on described second linear track n, contact with described 3rd contact-making switch, the second cylinder arm that 3rd contact-making switch controls vertical clamping cylinder 20 moves downward, vertical direction clamping work pieces, then the 3rd whirligig starts, drive cutter head 11 to rotate, carry out milling to workpiece, simultaneously described 3rd power set promote described cutter fixed disk and move along the 4th linear track;
F. when cutter fixed disk contacts with the 4th contact-making switch on the 4th track, 4th contact-making switch can the first cylinder arm counter motion of level of control clamping cylinder 18, unclamp workpiece, drive the 3rd power set carry its tools fixed disk to return along the 4th linear track simultaneously;
G. cutter fixed disk is arrived when turning back to initial position, contact with the 5th contact-making switch be arranged on the 4th track, the second cylinder arm that 5th contact-making switch controls vertical clamping cylinder 20 moves upward, the 3rd whirligig stops the rotation, then the first driving wheel 22 and driving wheel startup is controlled, workpiece is transported out tenonen successively, workbench 8 turns back on the first linear track along the time delay of third linear track under the effect of the second power set simultaneously, flushes with the first track 10.
H. the first track 10 is also provided with the 6th contact-making switch, after slide block 12 contacts with the 6th contact-making switch, this slide block 12 of the 6th contact-making switch control returns, and next feeding is carried out in time delay, so circulates.
Be provided with the first slide unit 34 and the second slide unit 36 in the utility model, be convenient to the distance between adjusting operating platform 8 and drawing mechanism, to be applicable to the workpiece of different size, after having regulated, locked by locking device.
First driving wheel 22 is to the minimum range a of working face 14, and second the minimum range b of driving wheel 24 to the second track 16 be all less than the thickness of workpiece, such guarantee first driving wheel 22 has enough contacting with the second driving wheel 24 with workpiece, to produce enough frictional force, in addition, the skin of the first driving wheel 22 and the second driving wheel 24 is rubber layer, adopts this structure, they are when with absorption surface, produce elastic deformation.Thus avoid the mechanical wear causing the first driving wheel 22 and the second driving wheel 24 with the fricative plastic deformation of workpiece rigidity, be conducive to improving its life-span.
Above embodiment is only the utility model a kind of embodiment wherein, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (9)

1. an automatic tenonen, comprise frame (2), described frame (2) is provided with feed mechanism (4), discharging mechanism (6), workbench (8) and set of knives body (9), it is characterized in that:
-described feed mechanism (4) be arranged on level and for linearity the first linear track on,
-described discharging mechanism (6) is arranged on the second linear track contour and parallel with described first linear track,
-described workbench (8) is provided with a promotion, and it makees the second power set of linear reciprocating motion between described feed mechanism (4) one end and described discharging mechanism (6) one end along third linear track, and described third linear track is contour and vertical with described first linear track;
-described set of knives body (9) is arranged on described third linear track, it comprises the cutter head (11) being driven rotation by the 3rd whirligig, and the 3rd power set driving described cutter head (11) to move reciprocatingly along the 4th linear track, acutangulate or right angle between described 4th linear track and described third linear track.
2. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
-described feed mechanism (4) comprises first track (10) of length along the bar shaped of described first linear track distribution, be arranged in described first track (10), and driven the slide block (12) that can move reciprocatingly along the length direction of described first track (10) by the second power set;
-described workbench (8) comprises the fixture for being fixed by workpiece and promote described workpiece does horizontal movement the first pusher along its horizontal operation face (14);
-described discharging mechanism (6) comprises second track (16) of bar shaped along described second linear track distribution, and can promote described workpiece does horizontal movement the second pusher along the length direction of described second track (16).
3. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described fixture comprises horizontal-clamping cylinder (18) and vertical clamping cylinder (20), described horizontal-clamping cylinder (18) comprises the first cylinder body of being fixedly installed and to be connected on described first cylinder body and can to do the first cylinder arm of horizontal stretching motion, and described vertical clamping cylinder (20) comprises the second cylinder body of being fixedly installed and to be connected on described second cylinder body and vertically can to do the second cylinder arm of stretching motion.
4. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described first pusher is for being arranged on described working face (14) top and being driven dish type first driving wheel (22) rotated by the first whirligig, described second pusher is for being arranged on described second track (16) top and being driven dish type second driving wheel (24) rotated by the second whirligig, described first driving wheel (22) is to the minimum range a of described working face (14), and described second driving wheel (24) is all less than the thickness of described workpiece to the minimum range b of described second track (16).
5. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described set of knives body (9) also comprises the pedestal (26) be fixed in described frame (2), and be fixed with the tool fixing seat (28) of described cutter head (11), described 3rd power set are the 3rd horizontal air cylinder (30), it comprise be fixed on the 3rd cylinder body on described pedestal (26) and two ends respectively with the 3rd cylinder arm on described 3rd cylinder body and tool fixing seat (28), described 3rd cylinder arm can do stretching motion along described 4th linear track.
6. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described feed mechanism (4) also comprises one and is positioned at material frame (32) on described first track, described workpiece overlays on described material frame (32) from bottom to top successively, and the height of described slide block (12) is less than the thickness of described workpiece.
7. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described workbench (8) and described discharging mechanism (6) are slidably connected in described frame (2) respectively by the first slide unit (34) and the second slide unit (36), described first slide unit (34) and the second slide unit (36) are equipped with and are fixed in the upper movable locking device of described frame (2).
8. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 7, is characterized in that, also comprise:
-the first contact-making switch, it is arranged on described first track (10), and described first contact-making switch can control the rotation of described first driving wheel (22);
-the second contact-making switch, it is arranged on described working face (14), described second contact-making switch can control the shutdown of described first driving wheel (22), first cylinder arm clamping of described horizontal-clamping cylinder (18), and workbench (8) is along third linear track to discharging mechanism (6) end motion;
-three contact-making switch, it is arranged in described frame (2), when described workbench (8) moves on described second linear track, contact with described 3rd contact-making switch, the second cylinder arm that described 3rd contact-making switch can control described vertical clamping cylinder (20) moves downward, described 3rd whirligig delayed startup, simultaneously described 3rd power set promote described tool fixing seat (28) and move along the 4th linear track;
-four contact-making switch, it is arranged on described 4th linear track, described 4th contact-making switch can control the first cylinder arm counter motion of described horizontal-clamping cylinder (18), unclamp workpiece, drive described 3rd power set to drive described tool fixing seat (28) to return along described 4th linear track simultaneously;
-five contact-making switch, it is arranged on described 4th linear track, the second cylinder arm that described 5th contact-making switch can control described vertical clamping cylinder (20) moves upward, described 3rd whirligig stops the rotation, simultaneously described first driving wheel (22) and 4 wheel driven driving wheel (24) delayed startup;
-six contact-making switch, it is arranged on described first track (10), and described 6th contact-making switch can control described slide block (12) stop motion.
9. the automatic tenonen of one according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described 3rd whirligig is motor.
CN201420742722.XU 2014-12-01 2014-12-01 A kind of tenonen automatically Withdrawn - After Issue CN204658603U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420742722.XU CN204658603U (en) 2014-12-01 2014-12-01 A kind of tenonen automatically

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420742722.XU CN204658603U (en) 2014-12-01 2014-12-01 A kind of tenonen automatically

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204658603U true CN204658603U (en) 2015-09-23

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CN201420742722.XU Withdrawn - After Issue CN204658603U (en) 2014-12-01 2014-12-01 A kind of tenonen automatically

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104385394A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-04 潘义君 Automatic tenoning machine
CN107186836A (en) * 2016-03-14 2017-09-22 东北林业大学 Single host floor transverse ends distinguish the processing technology of mortise

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104385394A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-04 潘义君 Automatic tenoning machine
CN107186836A (en) * 2016-03-14 2017-09-22 东北林业大学 Single host floor transverse ends distinguish the processing technology of mortise

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
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Granted publication date: 20150923

Effective date of abandoning: 20171114