CN204653194U - Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating - Google Patents

Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204653194U
CN204653194U CN201520125565.2U CN201520125565U CN204653194U CN 204653194 U CN204653194 U CN 204653194U CN 201520125565 U CN201520125565 U CN 201520125565U CN 204653194 U CN204653194 U CN 204653194U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stalk
overcoat
slat
buckle
less
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520125565.2U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
晋强
朱琳
穆哈西
何金春
史济源
张锰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xinjiang Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xinjiang Agricultural University filed Critical Xinjiang Agricultural University
Priority to CN201520125565.2U priority Critical patent/CN204653194U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204653194U publication Critical patent/CN204653194U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to without irrigating sacsaoul protection pipe fitting technical field, that a kind of degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, comprise and support stalk and overcoat, the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather, protection chamber is formed in the inner side of overcoat, on overcoat, longitudinal separation is installed with the support stalk being no less than two, supports stalk around the distribution of protection chamber.Degradable described in the utility model can realize the nursery of sacsaoul, transplanting and protection without the desert plant protector of irrigating, simultaneously, degradable described in the utility model can avoid high temperature to the calcination of Haloxylon Species of Seedling without the desert plant protector of irrigating, ensure the normal growth of sacsaoul, thus improve the survival rate of sacsaoul, accelerate desert and the restoration and reconstruction speed with half-desert environment sacsaoul forest land, there is good commercial application prospect, promoting the promotion and application without irrigating sacsaoul guard technology.

Description

Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating
Technical field
the utility model relates to without irrigating sacsaoul protection pipe fitting technical field, is that a kind of degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating.
Background technology
sacsaoul is dungarunga or class shrub, and it grows and is distributed on flowing or semifluid sand dune.In China, sacsaoul is mainly distributed in the Junggar Basin, limit, northeast, Tarim Basin and some other desert area.Sacsaoul is as extreme xerophyte, and it is the pioneer tree species of fixed dune.The research of China to sacsaoul starts from late 1950s, has mainly carried out some researchs to natural Cakcayr Forest upgrowth situation, from the eighties in 20th century, has carried out comparatively systematic research to aspects such as sacsaoul group, natural Cakcayr Forest rejuvenating technology.Ancient capital Xi'an is positioned at the Central Junggar Basin in NORTHWEST CHINA portion, and it belongs to the part that Central Asia west wind circulation affects lower temperate zone desert, is the second largest desert that China is only second to the Takla Makan Desert.This desert is away from ocean, and arid is windy, and precipitation is rare, and evaporation is strong, and sunshine is long, and variations in temperature is violent, and continental desert climate is total feature of ancient capital Xi'an weather.In desert, smaller part arbor group extensively distributes, and vegetation is dense compared with other desert, and early spring is short-lived, ephemeroid growth is better.In recent years, the aggravation of the mankind's activity such as dig Herba Cistanches along with the exploitation of oily vapour, excessively, overgraze, firewood are adopted, Haloxylon ammodendron Populations habitat fragmentation increases the weight of, and there is the obstacle of gene exchange.At present, the aspects such as light, moisture, physiological property, community distribution are mainly concentrated on to the research in desert and half-desert sacsaoul forest land.
the restoration and reconstruction in desert forest land (sacsaoul forest land) is very important for the protection of desert ecology, therefore, adopts artificial planting sacsaoul can restoration and reconstruction desert forest land quickly.The acquisition of current sacsaoul nursery stock mainly adopts the mode of transplanting.Concrete mode is: first, chooses nursery, be no more than 1% with saliferous alkali number, subterranean water level the sandy soil of 1m to 3m and light weight sand loam the most suitable, must guard against nursery on the clay saline land of poor aeration or the low humidity depression of impeded drainage; Secondly, after nursery certain hour, will carry out protecting and processing before transplanted seedling tree, will dig dark during lifting as far as possible, avoid damaging root system, keep the complete of root system, the nursery stock being transported to planting site will be soaked in time or heel in, with planting, with getting; Again, plant into front wet soil pile things on root, when planting, protectiveness pruning to be carried out to seedling root, wipe out injured root system, the taproot and lateral root that cutting back is long, with hygroscopic agent, ABT root-inducing powder libation at an ancient wedding ceremony root, (libation at an ancient wedding ceremony root concentration is 500-1000 × 10-6 to ABT root-inducing powder root immersion; Soaking concentration 500-1000 × 10-6, soak more than 6h, then with cultivation, with getting).Finally, on the spot require according to each operation area and plant nursery stock kind and density variation, control the planting hole of different size, plant nursery stock time want two people one group, one people puts a lodged plant upright, one people's earthing, nursery stock answers in pot, seedling root is unfolded, can not nest root or root system upper fin expose, then layering earthing, moistening soil is inserted rhizosphere, when being backfilling into 1/3, stand solid with their feet once, when being backfilled to 1/2, by nursery stock gently on carry after, tread again, such seedling root fully stretches, also root system and soil is made to combine closely, after planting, water immediately in cofferdam, cover dry fine sand 2-3cm after oozing in water to preserve soil moisture.Current sacsaoul transplanted seedling plantation is main adopts above-mentioned transplanting method, but this mode operating procedure is various, and points for attention are many, transplanted seedling survival rate is large to implantation technique dependence, thus cause planting inefficiency, in transplanting process, avoid the damage that sacsaoul root system arrives as far as possible.
also need to prevent and treat the sick worm plague of rats after nursery stock has been planted.One of preventing and controlling prevent muroid from gnawing sacsaoul branch and root system, if preventing and controlling are not in place, will reduce the later stage survival rate of sacsaoul seedling.
in the planting process of sacsaoul, one of safeguard procedures of sacsaoul are protected Haloxylon plant seedlings for adopting protection net, it significantly improves the survival rate of sacsaoul and prevents it from " summer dormancy " phenomenon occurring, Haloxylon plant seedlings can be effectively prevented to be subject to the injuries such as surface layer high temperature, dust storm, cattle grazing or to coerce, and evaporation from topsoil can be reduced partly, improve vegetation coverage, thus raising survival rate of haloxylon seedlings reaches more than 30%.But, still there is following defect in protection net: 1. the sand of protection net cracky, base portion is easily blown away and exposes space and anchorage pawl, small animal can be caused to gnaw, and the moisturizing of protection net after breakage, sand-proof injury and the effect that reduces surface layer temperature can significantly reduce; 2. protection net has hole, and moistening effect is relatively poor; 3. protection net is easily blown brokenly, blown off and is blown down, and needs special messenger to nurse righting, and annual maintenance cost is higher; 4, the cost of manufacture of protection net is higher, and each making price is 5 yuan to 6 yuan, and all needs manual manufacture, wastes time and energy.
at present, sand tube, paper tube and metal tube etc. that the nursery pipe fitting of sacsaoul adopts macromolecule glue mix Desert Sand to make, this sand tube material cost comparatively PVC pipe reduces by 50%, can degrade in 1 year to 2 years, can process in village near sacsaoul planting site, effectively reduce traffic expense.But in production, there is certain problem, because the setting time of macromolecule glue is long, sand tube vibrate shaping in there is more inconvenience, almost there is no good way mass industrialized production at present, human cost in causing sand tube to make thus significantly increases, thus increase the comprehensive manufacturing cost of sand tube, and when adopting sand tube nursery, pipe fitting is easily damaged.Most paper tube is spiral wound paper tubes and seamless paper tube, in seedling raising process, meet water softening, and deformation comparison is large.Nursery pipe fitting is as the tubing such as metal tube, concrete, and its price is higher.Other plastic pipes such as CPVC pipe, PE pipe, ABS pipe, PB pipe, GRP tube etc. all have good durability, and the tubing of plastic materials is not easily degraded.
application number be 201110139499.0 Chinese patent application document disclose a kind of method improving the live seedling of Haloxylon plant and transplanted seedling survival rate in desert and half-desert environment, this Chinese patent application document proposes in the desert and the Semi-desert Area that possess certain condition, the cylindrical tube of certain specification or hollow bullet type pipe fitting is used to protect the live seedling of Haloxylon plant and transplanted seedling basal part of stem, prevent it from coercing caused injury even death by adverse circumstance factors such as surface layer high temperature, it can significantly improve the live seedling of Haloxylon plant and the survival rate of transplanted seedling under desert and Semi-desert Area thermal extremes adverse environmental factor, the survival rate average out to more than 50% improved, and promote that individuality grows fast, increase year increment.But the pipe fitting that this Chinese patent literature adopts is degraded slowly under desert Environment, and the initial stage can play protective action, and later stage (after 2 years) pipe fitting still possesses certain intensity, now can play restriction to the growth of sacsaoul, and pipe fitting also cannot take out, and affects the growth of sacsaoul.
application number be 201410316004.0 Chinese patent application document disclose a kind of nursery, the plant cultivation method that mechanization transplanting and seedling protection combine, in this Chinese patent application document, the material of described protection bucket is polythene PE, polyvinylchloride, polypropylene PP, calcium carbonate, fine sand, one or more compositions in degradable biological polymer, this invention achieves eremophytes nursery under facility condition by protection bucket, the combination of mechanization transplanting and the effective protection after transplanting, not only effectively improve the quality of eremophytes nursery stock, achieve the standardization of nursery stock, ensure that nursery stock is transported safely, and be beneficial to the operation of eremophytes planting mechanization, improve plantation efficiency, reduce cost, desert can also be realized and plant and the restriction not being subject to season, in addition, can also for providing nutrient and moisture under Desert Conditions, growth promoting effects by carrying Nutrition Soil and water-loss reducer for seedling.But several holes that the bottom of this protection bucket stays have obvious limiting growth effect to the root system when plant primary growths such as sacsaoul and lasting for years growth.This Chinese patent application document completes the protected working of pipe fitting by 2 cover buckets, the cost of material and processing charges must than high with single cover bucket, it is crucial that significantly extend the natural degradation time, the pipe fitting degraded especially near root system not in time, can hinder the growth of root system.
Summary of the invention
the utility model provides a kind of degradable without the desert plant protector of irrigating, overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned prior art, it effectively can solve the existing problem that can not ensure the normal growth of sacsaoul existed in actual use without irrigation sacsaoul protection pipe fitting.
the technical solution of the utility model is realized by following measures: a kind of degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, comprise and support stalk and overcoat, the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather, protection chamber is formed in the inner side of overcoat, on overcoat, longitudinal separation is installed with the support stalk being no less than two, supports stalk around the distribution of protection chamber.
here is the further optimization and/or improvements to above-mentioned utility model technical scheme:
above-mentioned overcoat is by non-woven fabrics or corrugated sheet or the easy overcoat made of degradative plastics or cotton-wadded quilt.
there is auxiliary stalk between above-mentioned adjacent support stalk, support stalk and pass through together with rope colligation with adjacent auxiliary stalk; Or/and corrugated sheet is the corrugated sheet after crossing and moulding process.
above-mentioned auxiliary stalk is more than one in wheat stalk or rice straw or reed; Or/and bottom and the support stalk of auxiliary stalk pass through together with rope colligation, and the top of auxiliary stalk outwards bends along the upper end supporting stalk, and the auxiliary stalk of bending is the outside that umbrella is fixedly mounted on protection chamber; Or/and bottom and the top supporting stalk of auxiliary stalk are passed through together with rope colligation, and the top of auxiliary stalk outwards bends along the upper end supporting stalk, and the auxiliary stalk of bending is the outside that umbrella is fixedly mounted on protection chamber.
above-mentioned overcoat comprises internal layer and skin, sealing layer is fixed with between the bottom of internal layer and outer field bottom, internal layer above sealing layer and formed between skin and fill chamber, in filling chamber, interval is installed with support stalk, in filling chamber, be filled with particle.
above-mentioned particle is wheat stalk particle or rice straw particle or reed particle or broken leaf particle or broken branch particle or cotton stalk particle.
above-mentioned degradable also comprises sand stabilization structure without the desert plant protector of irrigating, and sand stabilization structure is that umbrella is fixedly mounted on overcoat upper outside, and sand stabilization structure is the sand stabilization structure be made up of wheat stalk or rice straw or reed.
the left part of above-mentioned overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
degradable described in the utility model can realize the nursery of sacsaoul without the desert plant protector of irrigating, transplant and protection, simultaneously, degradable described in the utility model can avoid high temperature to the calcination of Haloxylon Species of Seedling without the desert plant protector of irrigating, ensure the normal growth of sacsaoul, thus improve the survival rate of sacsaoul, accelerate desert and the restoration and reconstruction speed with half-desert environment sacsaoul forest land, in addition, degradable described in the utility model can be degradable without the desert plant protector of irrigating, neither harmful effect is caused to the growth in sacsaoul later stage, the content of the soil organic matter near seedling can be improved again, promote the late growing stage of sacsaoul, there is good commercial application prospect, promote the promotion and application without irrigating sacsaoul guard technology.
Accompanying drawing explanation
accompanying drawing 1 is perspective view of the present utility model.
accompanying drawing 2 is accompanying drawing 1 horizontal spreading schematic diagram.
accompanying drawing 3 is the structure for amplifying schematic diagram at the bottom of pipe.
accompanying drawing 4 is that the overcoat in the utility model comprises internal layer and outer field structural representation.
accompanying drawing 5 be in accompanying drawing 4 A-A to sectional structure schematic diagram.
accompanying drawing 6 to be auxiliary stalk be outside that umbrella is fixedly mounted on protects chamber and the utility model bottom is embedded in underground schematic diagram.
accompanying drawing 7 is horizontal spreading schematic diagram of the present utility model in accompanying drawing 6.
accompanying drawing 8 is horizontal spreading schematic diagram of the present utility model in accompanying drawing 6.
accompanying drawing 9 for sand stabilization structure be the schematic perspective view that umbrella is fixedly mounted on overcoat upper outside.
accompanying drawing 10 for sand stabilization structure be that umbrella is fixedly mounted on overcoat upper outside and bottom of the present utility model is embedded in underground schematic diagram.
accompanying drawing 11 for sand stabilization structure be that umbrella is fixedly mounted on overcoat upper outside and bottom of the present utility model is embedded in underground schematic diagram.
coding in accompanying drawing is respectively: 1 for supporting stalk, and 2 is overcoat, and 3 is protection chamber, and 4 is auxiliary stalk, and 5 is internal layer, 6 is outer, and 7 is sealing layer, and 8 for filling chamber, and 9 is sand stabilization structure, and 10 is at the bottom of pipe, 11 is through hole, and 12 is hoop, and 13 is ground, and 14 is staple.
Embodiment
the utility model by the restriction of following embodiment, can not determine concrete embodiment according to the technical solution of the utility model and actual conditions.
in utility model, for convenience of description, the description of the relative position relation of each parts is all be described according to the Butut mode of Figure of description 1 in an embodiment, as: the position relationship of upper and lower, left and right etc. determines according to the Butut direction of Figure of description.
below in conjunction with embodiment, the utility model is further described:
as shown in accompanying drawing 1 to 11, this degradable comprises support stalk 1 and overcoat 2 without the desert plant protector of irrigating, the left part of overcoat 2 and the right part of overcoat 2 are fixedly installed togather, protection chamber 3 is formed in the inner side of overcoat 2, on overcoat 2, longitudinal separation is installed with the support stalk 1 being no less than two, supports stalk 1 and distributes around protection chamber 3.In the nursery of Haloxylon plant, transplanting and planting process, the base portion of overcoat 2 pairs of live seedlings of Haloxylon plant and transplanted seedling stem is protected, the injury that reduction surface layer high temperature and worm muroid cause Haloxylon plant, ensure the normal growth of sacsaoul, thus improve the survival rate of sacsaoul, accelerate the restoration and reconstruction speed in desert sacsaoul forest land; Support stalk 1 pair of overcoat 2 to play a supporting role, meanwhile, support the feature that stalk 1 has easily degraded, support stalk 1 and can not only provide nutrient for the growth of sacsaoul, and the normal growth of sacsaoul root system can be ensured.Moreover, reduce the harmful effect of seedling transportation to nursery stock.
according to actual needs, above-mentioned degradable can be made further optimization and/or improvements without the desert plant protector of irrigating:
as required, overcoat 2 is by non-woven fabrics or corrugated sheet or the easy overcoat 2 made of degradative plastics or cotton-wadded quilt.Not only sacsaoul is had to the effect preventing insect pest by non-woven fabrics or corrugated sheet or overcoat 2 that easily degradative plastics or cotton-wadded quilt are made, and be there is by non-woven fabrics or corrugated sheet or overcoat 2 that easily degradative plastics or cotton-wadded quilt are made the feature of easily degraded, non-woven fabrics after degraded and cotton-wadded quilt are that the growth of sacsaoul provides nutrient, further ensure the normal growth of sacsaoul root system; In addition, by non-woven fabrics or corrugated sheet or overcoat 2 that easily degradative plastics or cotton-wadded quilt are made, there is the low advantage of cost, be convenient to industrialization of the present utility model and produce, accelerate the restoration and reconstruction speed in sacsaoul forest land further.
as shown in accompanying drawing 6 to 8, between adjacent support stalk 1, there is auxiliary stalk 4, support stalk 1 and pass through together with rope colligation with adjacent auxiliary stalk 4; Or/and corrugated sheet is the corrugated sheet after crossing and moulding process.When the utility model is used for nursery, and when overcoat 2 is for being made up of corrugated sheet, corrugated sheet adopts the corrugated sheet after crossing and moulding process, can prevent overcoat 2 from seedling raising process, meeting water softening thus, improve the Practical Performance of overcoat 2.Auxiliary stalk 4 pairs of sacsaouls have good protective action.
as shown in accompanying drawing 6 to 8, auxiliary stalk 4 is more than one in wheat stalk or rice straw or reed; Or/and bottom and the support stalk 1 of auxiliary stalk 4 pass through together with rope colligation, and the top of auxiliary stalk 4 outwards bends along the upper end supporting stalk 1, and the auxiliary stalk 4 of bending is fixedly mounted on the outside in protection chamber 3 in umbrella; Or/and bottom and the top supporting stalk 1 of auxiliary stalk 4 are passed through together with rope colligation, and the top of auxiliary stalk 4 outwards bends along the upper end supporting stalk 1, and the auxiliary stalk 4 of bending is fixedly mounted on the outside in protection chamber 3 in umbrella.Auxiliary stalk 4 has the advantages that to be easy to degrade, and meanwhile, the auxiliary stalk 4 after degraded can carry enough nutrients for the growth of sacsaoul.Sandy soil can be fixed on outside the auxiliary stalk 4 of the bending in umbrella by the auxiliary stalk 4 bent is fixedly mounted on the outside in protection chamber 3 setting in umbrella, that can improve the utility model outer periphery buries husky thickness, good fixation can not only be played to overcoat 2, prevent overcoat 2 by wind or blow away, and, solar radiation can be effectively avoided to heat sandy soil around the utility model and the utility model, the temperature of protecting in chamber 3 is made to be starkly lower than the temperature of sandy soil around, effectively avoid high temperature to the high temperature injury of the sacsaoul in protection chamber 3, the normal growth of further guarantee sacsaoul, thus improve the survival rate of sacsaoul, accelerate the restoration and reconstruction speed in desert sacsaoul forest land.
as shown in accompanying drawing 4 to 5, overcoat 2 comprises internal layer 5 and outer 6, sealing layer 7 is fixed with between the bottom of internal layer 5 and the bottom of outer 6, internal layer 5 above sealing layer 7 and formed between outer 6 and fill chamber 8, in filling chamber 8, interval is installed with and supports stalk 1, in filling chamber 8, be filled with particle.By internal layer 5 and outer 6 overcoats 2 formed, there is protection and heat-blocking action preferably, and can particle be effectively utilized.
as required, particle is wheat stalk particle or rice straw particle or reed particle or broken leaf particle or broken branch particle or cotton stalk particle.Wheat stalk particle, rice straw particle, reed particle, broken leaf particle, cotton stalk particle and broken branch particle have the advantages that to be easy to degrade, and can carry enough nutrients for the growth of sacsaoul simultaneously.
as shown in accompanying drawing 9 to 11, degradable also comprises sand stabilization structure 9 without the desert plant protector of irrigating, and sand stabilization structure 9 is fixedly mounted on overcoat 2 upper outside in umbrella, and sand stabilization structure 9 is the sand stabilization structure 9 be made up of wheat stalk or rice straw or reed.Sandy soil can be fixed on the outside of sand stabilization structure 9 by sand stabilization structure 9, that can improve sand stabilization structure 9 outer periphery buries husky thickness, good fixation can not only be played to overcoat 2, prevent overcoat 2 by wind or blow away, and, solar radiation can be effectively avoided to heat sandy soil around the utility model and the utility model, the temperature of protecting in chamber 3 is made to be starkly lower than the temperature of sandy soil around, effectively avoid high temperature to the high temperature injury of the sacsaoul in protection chamber 3, the normal growth of further guarantee sacsaoul, thus improve the survival rate of sacsaoul, accelerate the restoration and reconstruction speed in desert sacsaoul forest land.
as shown in accompanying drawing 1 to 11, the left part of overcoat 2 and the right part of overcoat 2 are fixedly installed togather by staple 14 or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber 3, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber 3 to form at the bottom of pipe 10; Or/and, the through hole 11 being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat 2; Or/and, the support stalk 1 being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat 2, the hoop 12 being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk 1, hoop 12 comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk 1 and is positioned at protection chamber 3; Or, the support stalk 1 being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat 2, the hoop 12 being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk 1, hoop 12 comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber 3 in the inner side of overcoat 2; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat 2 is circular or polygon; Or/and supporting stalk 1 is cotton stalk.When the left part of overcoat 2 and the right part of overcoat 2 are fixedly installed togather by sweat soldering, overcoat 2 is the overcoat 2 be made up of easy degradative plastics.Sacsaoul root system can be allowed through cotton stalk in the setting of interval, the bottom fixed installation cotton stalk in protection chamber 3, ensure the normal growth of sacsaoul root system, and can the soil organic matter be increased along with the degraded of cotton stalk, promote the subsequent growth of sacsaoul, in addition, in spring snow melt period, cotton stalk absorbs more moisture, improve the water content near soil, Water-saving effect is better, and the growth for sacsaoul provides sufficient moisture.Can prevent the utility model from nursery stage, causing overcoat 2 too fast rotten due to ponding in the setting of the through hole 11 of the bottom of overcoat 2.The setting of hoop 12 can fixed protection layer 2 and support stalk 1 effectively.
degradable described in the utility model is applied in the planting process of sacsaoul without the desert plant protector of irrigating, in February, 2014, Nutrition Soil used for plantation sacsaoul is put into the protection chamber 3 of degradable without the desert plant protector of irrigating, the placement thickness of Nutrition Soil is 20cm, and sacsaoul seed is implanted in Nutrition Soil, and put it in greenhouse and cultivate, to transplant by sacsaoul seedling after cultivating, complete the sacsaoul seedling of nursery and degradable described in the utility model by adopting degradable described in the utility model without the desert plant protector of irrigating to arise from without the desert plant protector one of irrigating and implant Chinese parasol tree ditch desert, Fukang City, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regions in April, 2014.
in the cultivating process of sacsaoul, the growth of Haloxylon Species of Seedling is monitored, known by monitoring, the Haloxylon Species of Seedling growth adopting degradable described in the utility model to cultivate without the desert plant protector of irrigating is vigorous, there is not bad root phenomenon, the degradable described in the utility model that kind in July, 2014 to implantation Chinese parasol tree ditch desert, Fukang City, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regions is implanted with sacsaoul seedling carries out monitoring temperature without the desert plant protector of irrigating, known by monitoring temperature, degradable described in the utility model is lower 15 DEG C to 28 DEG C without the sandy soil temperature near the desert plant protector of irrigating than degradable described in the utility model without the maximum temperature in the desert plant protector of irrigating, it can thus be appreciated that, adopt degradable described in the utility model high temperature can be avoided the calcination of Haloxylon Species of Seedling without the desert plant protector of irrigating, and, degradable described in the utility model is not adopted to occur the trend of summer dormancy without the natural sacsaoul seedling that grows directly from seeds that the desert plant protector of irrigating is planted, poor growth, color burnt hair.
in sum, adopt degradable described in the utility model can realize the nursery of sacsaoul without the desert plant protector of irrigating, transplant and protection, simultaneously, degradable described in the utility model can avoid high temperature to the calcination of Haloxylon Species of Seedling without the desert plant protector of irrigating, ensure the normal growth of sacsaoul, thus improve the survival rate of sacsaoul, accelerate desert and the restoration and reconstruction speed with half-desert environment sacsaoul forest land, in addition, degradable described in the utility model can be degradable without the desert plant protector of irrigating, neither harmful effect is caused to the growth in sacsaoul later stage, the content of the soil organic matter near seedling can be improved again, promote the late growing stage of sacsaoul, there is good commercial application prospect, promote the promotion and application without irrigating sacsaoul guard technology.
above technical characteristic constitutes embodiment of the present utility model, and it has stronger adaptability and implementation result, can increase and decrease non-essential technical characteristic according to actual needs, meet the demand of different situations.

Claims (17)

1. a degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, it is characterized in that comprising and support stalk and overcoat, the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather, protection chamber is formed in the inner side of overcoat, on overcoat, longitudinal separation is installed with the support stalk being no less than two, supports stalk around the distribution of protection chamber.
2. degradable according to claim 1 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, and it is characterized in that overcoat is by non-woven fabrics or corrugated sheet or the easy overcoat made of degradative plastics or cotton-wadded quilt.
3. degradable according to claim 2 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, and it is characterized in that there is auxiliary stalk between adjacent support stalk, supports stalk and passes through together with rope colligation with adjacent auxiliary stalk; Or/and corrugated sheet is the corrugated sheet after crossing and moulding process.
4. degradable according to claim 3 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, it is characterized in that auxiliary stalk is more than one in wheat stalk or rice straw or reed, bottom and the support stalk of auxiliary stalk pass through together with rope colligation, the top of auxiliary stalk outwards bends along the upper end supporting stalk, and the auxiliary stalk of bending is the outside that umbrella is fixedly mounted on protection chamber; Or, bottom and the top supporting stalk of auxiliary stalk are passed through together with rope colligation, the top of auxiliary stalk outwards bends along the upper end supporting stalk, the auxiliary stalk of bending be that umbrella is fixedly mounted on and protects the outside in chamber, and auxiliary stalk is more than one in wheat stalk or rice straw or reed.
5. degradable according to claim 1 and 2 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, it is characterized in that overcoat comprises internal layer and skin, sealing layer is fixed with between the bottom of internal layer and outer field bottom, internal layer above sealing layer and formed between skin and fill chamber, in filling chamber, interval is installed with support stalk, in filling chamber, be filled with particle.
6. degradable according to claim 5 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, and it is characterized in that particle is wheat stalk particle or rice straw particle or reed particle or broken leaf particle or broken branch particle or cotton stalk particle.
7. the degradable according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, characterized by further comprising sand stabilization structure, sand stabilization structure is that umbrella is fixedly mounted on overcoat upper outside, and sand stabilization structure is the sand stabilization structure be made up of wheat stalk or rice straw or reed.
8. degradable according to claim 5 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, characterized by further comprising sand stabilization structure, sand stabilization structure is that umbrella is fixedly mounted on overcoat upper outside, and sand stabilization structure is the sand stabilization structure be made up of wheat stalk or rice straw or reed.
9. degradable according to claim 6 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, characterized by further comprising sand stabilization structure, sand stabilization structure is that umbrella is fixedly mounted on overcoat upper outside, and sand stabilization structure is the sand stabilization structure be made up of wheat stalk or rice straw or reed.
10. degradable according to claim 1 and 2 is without the desert plant protector of irrigating, and it is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
11. degradables according to claim 3, without the desert plant protector of irrigating, is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
12. degradables according to claim 4, without the desert plant protector of irrigating, is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
13. degradables according to claim 5, without the desert plant protector of irrigating, is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
14. degradables according to claim 6, without the desert plant protector of irrigating, is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
15. degradables according to claim 7, without the desert plant protector of irrigating, is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
16. degradables according to claim 8, without the desert plant protector of irrigating, is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
17. degradables according to claim 9, without the desert plant protector of irrigating, is characterized in that the left part of overcoat and the right part of overcoat are fixedly installed togather by staple or drawing pin or sweat soldering; Or/and be installed with cotton stalk at the interval, bottom in protection chamber, the cotton stalk that interval is fixedly mounted on the bottom in protection chamber is formed at the bottom of pipe; Or/and, the through hole being no less than is furnished with in the lower part of overcoat; Or/and, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the inner side longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the inner side supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, supports stalk and is positioned at protection chamber; Or, the support stalk being no less than two is installed with in the outside longitudinal separation of overcoat, the hoop being no less than two is installed with in interval from top to bottom in the outside supporting stalk, hoop comprises Cross slat and buckle, buckle is fixed with in one end of Cross slat, the other end of Cross slat is fixedly mounted in buckle, forms protection chamber in the inner side of overcoat; Or/and the shape of the cross section of overcoat is circular or polygon; Or/and support stalk is cotton stalk.
CN201520125565.2U 2015-03-04 2015-03-04 Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating Expired - Fee Related CN204653194U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520125565.2U CN204653194U (en) 2015-03-04 2015-03-04 Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520125565.2U CN204653194U (en) 2015-03-04 2015-03-04 Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204653194U true CN204653194U (en) 2015-09-23

Family

ID=54123651

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520125565.2U Expired - Fee Related CN204653194U (en) 2015-03-04 2015-03-04 Degradable is without the desert plant protector of irrigating

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204653194U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107509419A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-26 张�杰 Method for greening desert and its device
CN108077013A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-05-29 高万功 A kind of method afforested using maize straw sand control
CN108496755A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-09-07 华北水利水电大学 A kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107509419A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-12-26 张�杰 Method for greening desert and its device
CN108077013A (en) * 2018-01-05 2018-05-29 高万功 A kind of method afforested using maize straw sand control
CN108496755A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-09-07 华北水利水电大学 A kind of irrigation is with stalk pipeline at pipe device
CN108496755B (en) * 2018-01-29 2020-01-31 华北水利水电大学 straw pipeline pipe former for irrigation

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104186141B (en) The pocket type cultivation method of the bionical interplanting radix tetrastigme in a kind of fruit-bearing forest ground
CN103430807B (en) Method for cultivating cherry seedlings
CN103975778B (en) A kind of grafting Exocarpium Citri Rubrum kind seedling-growing method
CN103081683B (en) Improved American red maple twig cutting propagation method
CN103988683B (en) A kind of implantation methods of Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis Radix Notoginseng
CN102657061B (en) Transplantation method for garden seedlings
CN103999671B (en) The method that climing lantana conserves water and soil planted by tea place ladder wall
CN101889518B (en) Planting method of Chinese trichosanthes
CN101779558B (en) Planting method of purple dendrobium with meshed membrane frame bed crossbar
CN102017856B (en) Method for reconstructing and recovering wetland vegetation by transplanting reed roots
CN105474938B (en) The restorative procedure of the western Funiu Shan Mountain Hills And Low Mountains degraded ecosystem in Henan
CN102227996B (en) Three-dimensional planting method of kiwi fruit trees and tea trees
CN103733948B (en) A kind of grape single-bud nursery and straight cutting garden building method
CN104904540B (en) A kind of stem of noble dendrobium association tea
CN101803524B (en) Hardwood cutting propagation method for tetraploid robinia pseudoacacia
CN103782762B (en) Underplanting method of traditional Chinese medicinal material radix tetrastigme
CN102138408B (en) Tea light-medium plug seedling method
CN104838935B (en) Early management method of planting sweet cherries in south warm region
CN103210783B (en) Dioscorea opposita planting method
CN104303939A (en) Planting method of ecological pear
CN101288370B (en) Pinellia ternate good quality and high output culture technique
CN102577816B (en) Slope crop seeding raising method
CN104303938A (en) Moringa tree planting method
CN103444406A (en) High-yield cultivation method for kudzu root
CN103999672A (en) Pollution-free method for planting dendrobium nobile lindl

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150923

Termination date: 20180304

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee