CN204627701U - Engine sump tank, electronic control unit, motor and automobile - Google Patents

Engine sump tank, electronic control unit, motor and automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204627701U
CN204627701U CN201520346865.3U CN201520346865U CN204627701U CN 204627701 U CN204627701 U CN 204627701U CN 201520346865 U CN201520346865 U CN 201520346865U CN 204627701 U CN204627701 U CN 204627701U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
temperature
solenoid valve
engine
oil
port
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CN201520346865.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王绍明
程传辉
王树青
周舟
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上海汽车集团股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201520346865.3U priority Critical patent/CN204627701U/en
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Publication of CN204627701U publication Critical patent/CN204627701U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Improving ICE efficiencies

Abstract

A kind of engine sump tank, electronic control unit, motor and automobile, wherein engine sump tank comprises: heating pipe, and described heating pipe is arranged in described oil sump body, and is communicated with outlet pipe, and described heating pipe has first end and the second end; Described outlet pipe has the first port and the second port; The waste gas that motor is discharged can flow to described first end from described first port, then flows to described second port from described second end, then flows out from the relief opening of described outlet pipe; Electric heating appliance, described Electric heating appliance is located in described oil sump body, and below the liquid level being positioned at described engine motor oil; Temperature transducer, described temperature transducer is located in described oil sump body, for detecting the temperature of described engine motor oil.The waste gas that the utility model utilizes motor to discharge and Electric heating appliance are to machine oil heating, and oil temperature rises very fast.

Description

Engine sump tank, electronic control unit, motor and automobile
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of engines, is specifically related to a kind of engine sump tank, electronic control unit, motor and automobile.
Background technique
Vehicle operationally relies on motor to provide power, and the lubrication and cooling of engine components has been come by machine oil.Motor comprises cylinder block and crankcase, and cylinder block is fixedly connected with crankcase, and wherein, crankcase is the position that engine cylinder body is used for installing bent axle, and crankcase bottom is oil sump, has the machine oil for lubricating, cooling and seal in oil sump.
In prior art, machine oil is also referred to as lubricant oil, and it can form the oil film of protection on the surface of each friction pair of motor, thus reduces the friction damage (being called for short wearing and tearing) between each component, extends the working life of motor.Wherein, in order to ensure that lubricant oil normally can form oil film, need to ensure that the kinematical viscosity of lubricant oil is suitable for, the operating temperature namely controlling lubricant oil is suitable for, and usually the temperature of lubricant oil is controlled at 90 degrees Celsius to 110 degrees Celsius as good.
But along with the development of society and the diversification of life, the Travel Range of people expands, such as people drive remote districts tourism, explore to increase experience etc., and the environment in those areas is often comparatively severe, the extreme environment having high temperature more and extremely tremble with fear; Even, in extremely cold winter, now, under automobile is in extremely cold environment, oil temperature in oil sump also can be too low, for this reason, before automobile starts to travel, can heat a period of time (being commonly called as warming-up) by ato unit, but in the process of warming-up, in the oil temperature short time, preference temperature cannot be raised to rapidly, cause the kinematical viscosity of machine oil too high, cannot play friction pair and effectively protect, cause the wearing and tearing of each component of motor; Meanwhile, when automobile driving speed is slower, engine speed comparatively slow (motor is small load condition), now, the oil temperature in engine sump tank is also lower, and make engine fuel consumption comparatively large, oil dilution level is higher.At present, various motor all can use machine oil to carry out lubrication and cooling to each component substantially, thus reduces the friction between each parts.But when motor is in warming-up process, oil temperature rises and causes oil temperature lower more slowly, engine oil viscosity is comparatively large, poor fluidity, and this will make engine start very difficult, causes the insufficient lubrication between each parts, thus makes the mechanical wear of motor large; Or under small engine load operating mode, when oil temperature is lower, make engine fuel consumption comparatively large, oil dilution level is higher.Visible, oil sump inner engine oil temperature is low brings impact to motor.
For avoiding the too low impact brought motor of oil temperature, need to carry out extra heating to engine motor oil.Existing extra mode of heating, heat machine oil positions such as oil sump bottom outside, oil sump bottom part down with naked light sometimes, this is breakneck for petrol engine.
In prior art, when motor is in warming-up process, oil temperature rises and causes oil temperature lower more slowly, engine oil viscosity is comparatively large, poor fluidity, this will make engine start very difficult, causes the insufficient lubrication between each parts, thus makes the mechanical wear of motor large; Or under small engine load operating mode, when oil temperature is lower, make engine fuel consumption comparatively large, oil dilution level is higher.Visible, oil sump inner engine oil temperature is low brings impact to motor.
The utility model arranges Electric heating appliance and heating pipe in engine sump tank, and wherein heating pipe is communicated with engine exhaust pipe, and the high-temp waste gas utilizing motor to discharge is to the machine oil heating in engine sump tank; Electric heating appliance is connected with power supply unit, and Electric heating appliance heating is to the machine oil heating in engine sump tank; The utility model is by utilizing high-temp waste gas and Electric heating appliance heating machine oil, and oil temperature rises fast.
For enabling above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage more become apparent, and are described in detail specific embodiment of the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Model utility content
The problem that the utility model solves is in engine warm-up process, and oil temperature rises and causes engine sump tank inner engine oil temperature lower more slowly; Or, under small engine load operating mode, the too low impact that motor is brought of the oil temperature in engine sump tank.
For solving the problem, the utility model provides a kind of engine sump tank, comprising:
Oil sump body, for holding engine motor oil;
Heating pipe, described heating pipe is arranged in described oil sump body, and be communicated with waste pipe, described heating pipe has first end and the second end, it is originally external that described first end and described second end are positioned at described oil sump, and described heating pipe is positioned at the intrinsic part of described oil sump and is positioned at below the liquid level of described engine motor oil;
Described outlet pipe has the first port and the second port, and described first end is communicated with described first port, and described second end is communicated with described second port;
The waste gas that motor is discharged can flow to described first end from described first port, then flows to described second port from described second end, then flows out from the relief opening of described outlet pipe;
Be provided with the first solenoid valve between described first port and described first end, between described second port and described second end, be provided with the second solenoid valve;
Electric heating appliance, described Electric heating appliance is located in described oil sump body, and below the liquid level being positioned at described engine motor oil;
Temperature transducer, described temperature transducer is located in described oil sump body, for detecting the temperature of described engine motor oil;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance are in opening state, or, described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve are in opening state, or described Electric heating appliance is in opening state;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance are in closed condition.
Optionally, outlet pipe between described first port and described second port is provided with the 3rd solenoid valve, the waste gas that motor can be made to discharge after described 3rd closed electromagnetic valve all flows to described first end from described first port, flow to described second port from described second end again, then flow out from described relief opening;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, described 3rd solenoid valve is in closed condition;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, described 3rd solenoid valve is in opening state.
Optionally, described Electric heating appliance, described temperature transducer, described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve are configured to communicate to connect with electronic control unit;
Described temperature transducer is used for the temperature signal corresponding to the engine oil temperature detected to send to described electronic control unit;
After described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve, described Electric heating appliance obtain the first instruction that described electronic control unit sends, described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve, described Electric heating appliance perform corresponding actions to reach described opening state, closed condition according to described first instruction.
Optionally, described temperature transducer, described 3rd solenoid valve are configured to communicate to connect with electronic control unit;
Described temperature transducer is used for the temperature signal corresponding to the engine oil temperature detected to send to described electronic control unit;
After described 3rd solenoid valve obtains the second instruction that described electronic control unit sends, described 3rd solenoid valve performs corresponding actions to reach opening state, the closed condition of described 3rd solenoid valve according to described second instruction.
Optionally, described Electric heating appliance is electrical heating wire or resistance wire.
The electronic control unit that the utility model also provides a kind of and described engine sump tank to coordinate, for receiving the engine motor oil temperature signal that described temperature transducer sends, send the first instruction according to the engine motor oil temperature signal received to described Electric heating appliance, described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is lower than described desired temperature, described first instruction is open command, and described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance perform breakdown action, and are held open state; Or described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve perform breakdown action, and are held open state; Or described Electric heating appliance performs breakdown action, and is held open state;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is higher than described desired temperature, described first instruction is out code, perform closing motion for controlling described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance, and keep closed condition.
Optionally, described electronic control unit comprises:
Storage unit, for storing the desired temperature of engine sump tank inner engine oil;
Comparing unit, for receiving described engine motor oil temperature signal, comparing temperature value corresponding for described engine motor oil temperature signal with described desired temperature and sending comparative result;
Indicating member, for receiving described comparative result, sends the first instruction according to described comparative result to described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve, described Electric heating appliance; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding lower than described desired temperature time, described first instruction is described open command; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding higher than described desired temperature time, described first instruction is described out code.
Optionally, described electronic control unit also coordinates with the 3rd solenoid valve, and the outlet pipe between described first port and described second port is provided with described 3rd solenoid valve; The waste gas that motor can be made to discharge after described 3rd closed electromagnetic valve all flows to described first end from described first port, then flows to described second port from described second end, then flows out from described relief opening;
Described electronic control unit sends the second instruction according to the engine motor oil temperature signal received to described 3rd solenoid valve;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is lower than described desired temperature, described second instruction is out code, performs closing motion, and keep closed condition for controlling described 3rd solenoid valve;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is higher than described desired temperature, described second instruction is open command, performs breakdown action, and be held open state for controlling described 3rd solenoid valve.
The utility model also provides a kind of motor, comprises the engine sump tank described in above-mentioned any one.
The utility model also provides a kind of automobile, comprises described motor.
Optionally, described automobile comprises the electronic control unit described in above-mentioned any one.
Compared with prior art, the technical solution of the utility model has the following advantages:
Be provided with heating pipe in oil sump body of the present utility model, in oil sump body, be provided with temperature transducer, for detecting the temperature of oil sump inner engine oil; Heating pipe is arranged in oil sump body.And be communicated with outlet pipe, heating pipe has first end and the second end, and it is originally external that first end and the second end are positioned at oil sump, and the part between first end and the second end is positioned at below the liquid level of engine motor oil; Outlet pipe has the first port and the second port, and first end is communicated with the first port, and the second end is communicated with the second port; Be provided with the first solenoid valve between first port and first end, between the second port and the second end, be provided with the second solenoid valve; No matter under warming-up process or small engine load operating mode, when temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, first solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve are beaten and are in opening state, now, the waste gas that motor is discharged can flow to first end from the first port, then flows to the second port from the second end; The waste gas utilizing motor to discharge heats the machine oil in oil sump.
Meanwhile, in oil sump body, also Electric heating appliance is provided with; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, Electric heating appliance is in opening state, heats the machine oil in oil sump, and oil temperature can rise fast; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, Electric heating appliance is in closed condition.Wherein, the first solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve and Electric heating appliance can be opened simultaneously, or, the first solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve or Electric heating appliance one of them can open; Adopt mode of heating of the present utility model, oil temperature rises very fast, and weaken the dilute strength of machine oil, motor easily starts, and is conducive to the lubrication of engine friction pair, and the mechanical wear of motor reduces; Meanwhile, after oil temperature is high, engine fuel consumption diminishes, and the dilute strength of machine oil is low.
Further, heating pipe is provided with the first solenoid valve, waste gas can flow to the first solenoid valve from engine exhaust pipe and flow to first end again; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, the first solenoid valve is in opening state; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, the first solenoid valve is in closed condition; The inlet that waste gas enters the heating pipe in oil sump can be controlled by arranging the first solenoid valve, according to the temperature of machine oil, control the inlet that waste gas enters the heating pipe in oil sump, if oil temperature is not low especially, the inlet that waste gas enters the heating pipe in oil sump can be reduced; If oil temperature is very low, the inlet that waste gas enters the heating pipe in oil sump can be strengthened; Meanwhile, when oil temperature is higher than desired temperature, close the first solenoid valve, make waste gas not enter heating pipe in oil sump, avoid waste gas to continue to enter heating pipe, to machine oil heating, make oil temperature too high, be easy to volatilization.
Further, heating pipe is also provided with the second solenoid valve, waste gas can flow to the second solenoid valve from the second end and flow back to engine exhaust pipe again; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, the first solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve are in opening state; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, the first solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve are in closed condition; By arranging the second solenoid valve, when the machine oil in oil sump needs heating, opening the first solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve, making waste gas enter heating pipe to the machine oil heating in oil sump; When machine oil does not need heating, close the first solenoid valve and the second solenoid valve, prevent waste gas to be back in heating pipe from the second end of heating pipe, heating is continued to machine oil, makes oil temperature too high, be easy to volatilization.
Further, engine exhaust pipe is between the first port and the second port provided with the 3rd solenoid valve, the all waste gases that motor can be made to discharge after the 3rd closed electromagnetic valve all flows to first end from engine exhaust pipe, then flows back to engine exhaust pipe from the second end; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, the 3rd solenoid valve is in closed condition; When temperature transducer detects the temperature of engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, the 3rd solenoid valve is in opening state; By arranging the 3rd solenoid valve, all waste gases that motor is discharged all flows in heating pipe, accelerates, to the speed of oil sump inner engine oil heating, to make the temperature of oil sump inner engine oil increase fast.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment one engine sump tank;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment engine with two oil sump;
Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment one and embodiment's engine with two oil sump, and shows Electric heating appliance and heating pipe;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that the engine sump tank in the utility model embodiment one installs on the engine;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that the engine sump tank in the utility model embodiment two installs on the engine;
Fig. 6 is the structured flowchart of electronic control unit in the utility model embodiment one and embodiment two.
Embodiment
Embodiment one
With reference to figure 1, the utility model provides a kind of engine sump tank, comprising: oil sump body 20, and oil sump body 20 is for holding engine motor oil; Heating pipe 30 is provided with in oil sump body 20, heating pipe 30 is arranged in oil sump body 20, and be communicated with the outlet pipe 40 of engine body 10, heating pipe 30 has first end 31 and the second end 32, first end 31 and the second end 32 are positioned at outside oil sump body 20, and the part that described heating pipe 30 is positioned at described oil sump body 20 is positioned at below the liquid level of engine motor oil; Outlet pipe 40 has the first port 41 and the second port 42, the first end 31 of heating pipe 30 is communicated with by the first pipe fitting with the first port 41 of outlet pipe 40, second end 32 of heating pipe 30 is communicated with by the second pipe fitting with the second port 42 of outlet pipe 40, and the first pipe fitting and the second pipe fitting belong to a part for heating pipe 30; After arranging like this, the waste gas that engine body 10 is discharged can flow to first end 31 from the first port 41, then flows to the second port 42 from the second end 32, then discharges from the relief opening of outlet pipe 40; The exhaust gas temperature that engine body 10 is discharged is very high, when waste gas streams is positioned at the part of described oil sump body 20 through heating pipe 30, and can to the machine oil heating in oil sump body 20.
In order to the turnover that controls waste gas in heating pipe 30 and the exhausted air quantity entered, continue with reference to figure 1, the first solenoid valve 33 is provided with between the first port 41 and first end 31, solenoid valve 33 is positioned on the first pipe fitting, being provided with the second solenoid valve 34, second solenoid valve 34 between second port 42 and the second end 32 is positioned on the second pipe fitting; By controlling aperture size, the turnover that can control waste gas in heating pipe 30 and the exhausted air quantity entered of the first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34.
Above-mentioned is wherein a kind of mode of heating, with reference to figure 1 and Fig. 3, Electric heating appliance 21 is also provided with in oil sump body 20, Electric heating appliance 21 is electrical heating wire or resistance wire, but be not limited to electrical heating wire or resistance wire, as long as electric energy can be utilized to heat, Electric heating appliance 21 is positioned at below the liquid level of engine motor oil; Electric heating appliance 21 is connected with power supply unit (scheming not shown), is powered to Electric heating appliance 21 by power supply unit, Electric heating appliance 21 temperature is raised, realizes the heating to oil sump body 20 inner engine oil.With reference to figure 3, Electric heating appliance 21 and heating pipe 30 bend and are distributed in oil sump body 20.
In the utility model embodiment, whether Electric heating appliance 21 and heating pipe 30 work and depend on the height of oil sump body 20 inner engine oil temperature; Therefore can be provided with temperature transducer 50 (with reference to figure 4) in oil sump body 20, temperature transducer 50 is for detecting the temperature of oil sump body 20 intrinsic motivation machine oil; When temperature transducer 50 detects the temperature of engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, so described first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 and described Electric heating appliance 21 are in opening state; Or described first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 are in opening state; Or described Electric heating appliance 21 is in opening state, in the present embodiment, desired temperature is set between 90 degrees Celsius to 110 degrees Celsius, comprise 90 degrees Celsius and 110 degrees Celsius, but range temperature setting value does not limit, need arrange according to different vehicles, lower than 90 degrees Celsius, temperature illustrates that the temperature of machine oil is too low, now machine oil needs to refuel; When temperature transducer 50 detects the temperature of engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, namely when temperature is higher than 110 degrees Celsius, oil temperature is higher, does not need again to machine oil heating, and so the first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34 and Electric heating appliance 21 are in closed condition.
It should be noted that, when temperature transducer 50 detects the temperature of engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, can select to be preheated by Electric heating appliance 21; Or unlatching the first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34 preheat; Also can select when utilizing Electric heating appliance 21 to preheat, the first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34 are also in opening state, and like this, the temperature of machine oil can raise faster.
Adopt mode of heating of the present utility model, can avoid the danger adopting open firing to bring, meanwhile, adopt high-temp waste gas and Electric heating appliance to machine oil heating, oil temperature rises very fast; Like this, after oil temperature raises, engine fuel consumption diminishes, and weaken the dilute strength of machine oil, motor easily starts, and is conducive to the lubrication of engine friction pair, and the mechanical wear of motor reduces.
In addition, by arranging the first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34 can control the inlet that waste gas enters the heating pipe 30 in oil sump body 20, if oil temperature is not low especially, the inlet of waste gas can be reduced; If oil temperature is very low, the inlet of waste gas can be strengthened; Meanwhile, when oil temperature is higher than desired temperature, close the first solenoid valve 33, make waste gas not enter heating pipe 30 in oil sump body 20, avoid waste gas to continue to enter heating pipe 30 pairs of machine oil and continue heating, make oil temperature too high, be easy to volatilization; When machine oil does not need heating, heating pipe 30 arranges the second solenoid valve 34, prevents waste gas to be back in heating pipe 30 from the second end 32 of heating pipe 30, heating is continued to machine oil, makes oil temperature too high, be easy to volatilization.
Shown in figure 4 composition graphs 1 and Fig. 3, Electric heating appliance 21 in the utility model embodiment, temperature transducer 50, first solenoid valve 33, second solenoid valve 34 are configured to communicate to connect with electronic control unit 60, electronic control unit 60 can be Engine ECU, electronic control unit 60 also controls the power supply unit 70 for Electric heating appliance 21 power supply, and Electric heating appliance 21, temperature transducer 50, first solenoid valve 33, second solenoid valve 34, power supply unit 70 are communicated to connect by wire harness and electronic control unit 60.
Wherein, temperature transducer 50, for the temperature signal corresponding to the engine detected oil temperature is sent to electronic control unit 60, sends the first instruction to described first solenoid valve 33, described second solenoid valve 34, described Electric heating appliance 21 after described electronic control unit 60 receives described temperature signal; Wherein, after first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34, Electric heating appliance 21 obtain the first instruction that electronic control unit sends, described first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34, Electric heating appliance 21 perform corresponding actions to reach the first solenoid valve 33 and the second solenoid valve 34, the opening state of Electric heating appliance 21, closed condition according to described first instruction.
Wherein, with reference to figure 6, electronic control unit 60 comprises:
Storage unit, for storing the desired temperature of engine sump tank;
Comparing unit, for receiving described engine motor oil temperature signal, comparing temperature value corresponding for described engine motor oil temperature signal with described desired temperature and sending comparative result;
Indicating member, for receiving described comparative result, sends the first instruction according to described comparative result to described first solenoid valve 33, described second solenoid valve 34, described Electric heating appliance 21; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding lower than described desired temperature time, described first instruction is described open command; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding higher than described desired temperature time, described first instruction is described out code.
Continuation composition graphs 1, Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 specifically set forth below:
With reference to figure 4, show a kind of by turbo charged motor, air is successively through air-strainer 80, gas compressor 92, intercooler 90, closure 91 enters engine body 10, engine body 10 discharges high-temp waste gas from outlet pipe 40, temperature signal corresponding to oil temperature in the oil sump body 20 detected is sent to electronic control unit 60 by temperature transducer 50, when temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal that electronic control unit 60 receives is higher than described desired temperature, described first instruction is out code, control described first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 and described Electric heating appliance 21 and perform closing motion, and keep closed condition, high-temp waste gas can be discharged after the turbine 93 on outlet pipe 40 and catalytic converter 94, in the present embodiment, catalytic converter 94 is located between the first port 41 and the second port 42, the harmful gas that wherein vehicle exhaust can be discharged by catalyst 94 changes harmless carbon dioxide, water and nitrogen into by oxidation and reduction.
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal that electronic control unit 60 receives is lower than described desired temperature, described first instruction is open command, perform breakdown action for controlling described first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 and described Electric heating appliance 21, and be held open state; Or described first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 perform breakdown action, and are held open state; Or described Electric heating appliance 21 performs breakdown action, and is held open state, electronic control unit 60 can control power supply unit 70 and power for Electric heating appliance 21; Can be understood as: the first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 is in opening state or described Electric heating appliance 21 is all in opening state; Or the first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 and described Electric heating appliance 21 are all in opening state.
Namely, waste gas enters the first solenoid valve 33 from the first port 41 outlet pipe 40 and flows on the heating pipe in oil sump body 20, realize the heating to oil sump body 20 inner engine oil, waste gas flows to the second port 42 by the second solenoid valve 34 again and enters in outlet pipe 40, discharges from the relief opening of outlet pipe 40; Power supply unit 70 is powered to Electric heating appliance 21, thus Electric heating appliance 21 generates heat, realize to the heating of oil sump body 20 inner engine oil when the first solenoid valve 33 and described second solenoid valve 34 and described Electric heating appliance 21 are all in opening state, the oil temperature heating in oil sump body 20 is than comparatively fast.
Embodiment two
With reference to figure 2, the present embodiment is identical with the structure of oil sump body 20 in embodiment one, difference is, outlet pipe 40 between the first port 41 and the second port 42 is also provided with the 3rd solenoid valve 43, the all waste gases that described 3rd solenoid valve 43 can make motor discharge after cutting out all flows to described first end 31 from described first port 41, flow to described second port 42 from described second end 32 again, then flow out from the relief opening of described outlet pipe 40; Temperature transducer 50 is for sending to described electronic control unit 60 by the temperature signal corresponding to the engine detected oil temperature, when described temperature transducer 50 detects the temperature of described engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, described 3rd solenoid valve 43 is in closed condition; When described temperature transducer 50 detects the temperature of described engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, described 3rd solenoid valve 43 is in opening state.
Equally, the 3rd solenoid valve 43 is also configured to communicate to connect with electronic control unit 60; The second instruction is sent to described 3rd solenoid valve 43 after described electronic control unit 60 receives described temperature signal; After described 3rd solenoid valve 43 obtains the second instruction that described electronic control unit 60 sends, described 3rd solenoid valve 43 performs corresponding actions to reach opening state, the closed condition of described 3rd solenoid valve 43 according to described second instruction.
Continue with reference to figure 6, in the present embodiment, electronic control unit 60 comprises equally: storage unit, for storing the desired temperature of engine sump tank body 20 inner engine oil; Comparing unit, for receiving described engine motor oil temperature signal, comparing temperature value corresponding for described engine motor oil temperature signal with described desired temperature and sending comparative result; Indicating member, for receiving described comparative result, sends the second instruction according to described comparative result to described 3rd solenoid valve 43; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding lower than described desired temperature time, described second instruction is described out code; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding higher than described desired temperature time, described second instruction is described open command.
Continue with reference to figure 5, motor in the present embodiment is not pass through turbosupercharging, air is successively through air-strainer 80, closure 91 enters engine body 10, when the temperature signal corresponding to the oil temperature in the oil sump body 20 detected is sent to electronic control unit 60 by temperature transducer 50, when temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal that electronic control unit 60 receives is higher than described desired temperature, described second instruction is open command, control described 3rd solenoid valve 43 and perform breakdown action, and be held open state, high-temp waste gas can be discharged from the relief opening of outlet pipe 40 after the catalytic converter 94 on outlet pipe 40, before in the present embodiment, the first port 41 is located at by catalytic converter 94.
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal that electronic control unit 60 receives is lower than described desired temperature, described second instruction is out code, performs closing motion, and keep closed condition for controlling described 3rd solenoid valve 43; The all waste gases that 3rd solenoid valve 43 can make motor discharge after cutting out all flows to first end 31 from the first port 41 of engine exhaust pipe 40, then flows back to engine exhaust pipe 40 from the second end 32; The all waste gases that motor is discharged all flows in heating pipe, accelerates, to the speed of oil sump inner engine oil heating, to make the temperature of oil sump inner engine oil increase fast.
It should be noted that: the large I of aperture of the first solenoid valve 33, second solenoid valve 34 and the 3rd solenoid valve 43 is controlled by electronic control unit 60, can control to enter the exhausted air quantity in heating pipe 30 by controlling aperture size.
The utility model also provides a kind of motor, comprises engine sump tank described above.
The utility model also provides a kind of automobile, comprises motor described above, also comprises electronic control unit described above in described automobile.
Although the utility model discloses as above, the utility model is not defined in this.Any those skilled in the art, not departing from spirit and scope of the present utility model, all can make various changes or modifications, and therefore protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with claim limited range.

Claims (11)

1. an engine sump tank, is characterized in that, comprising:
Oil sump body, for holding engine motor oil;
Heating pipe, described heating pipe is arranged in described oil sump body, and be communicated with waste pipe, described heating pipe has first end and the second end, it is originally external that described first end and described second end are positioned at described oil sump, and described heating pipe is positioned at the intrinsic part of described oil sump and is positioned at below the liquid level of described engine motor oil;
Described outlet pipe has the first port and the second port, and described first end is communicated with described first port, and described second end is communicated with described second port;
The waste gas that motor is discharged can flow to described first end from described first port, then flows to described second port from described second end, then flows out from the relief opening of described outlet pipe;
Be provided with the first solenoid valve between described first port and described first end, between described second port and described second end, be provided with the second solenoid valve;
Electric heating appliance, described Electric heating appliance is located in described oil sump body, and below the liquid level being positioned at described engine motor oil;
Temperature transducer, described temperature transducer is located in described oil sump body, for detecting the temperature of described engine motor oil;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance are in opening state, or, described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve are in opening state, or described Electric heating appliance is in opening state;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance are in closed condition.
2. engine sump tank as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, outlet pipe between described first port and described second port is provided with the 3rd solenoid valve, the waste gas that motor can be made to discharge after described 3rd closed electromagnetic valve all flows to described first end from described first port, flow to described second port from described second end again, then flow out from described relief opening;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil lower than desired temperature, described 3rd solenoid valve is in closed condition;
When described temperature transducer detects the temperature of described engine motor oil higher than desired temperature, described 3rd solenoid valve is in opening state.
3. engine sump tank as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Electric heating appliance, described temperature transducer, described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve are configured to communicate to connect with electronic control unit;
Described temperature transducer is used for the temperature signal corresponding to the engine oil temperature detected to send to described electronic control unit;
After described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve, described Electric heating appliance obtain the first instruction that described electronic control unit sends, described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve, described Electric heating appliance perform corresponding actions to reach described opening state, closed condition according to described first instruction.
4. engine sump tank as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described temperature transducer, described 3rd solenoid valve are configured to communicate to connect with electronic control unit;
Described temperature transducer is used for the temperature signal corresponding to the engine oil temperature detected to send to described electronic control unit;
After described 3rd solenoid valve obtains the second instruction that described electronic control unit sends, described 3rd solenoid valve performs corresponding actions to reach opening state, the closed condition of described 3rd solenoid valve according to described second instruction.
5. engine sump tank as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described Electric heating appliance is electrical heating wire or resistance wire.
6. the electronic control unit for coordinating with engine sump tank according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
For receiving the engine motor oil temperature signal that described temperature transducer sends, send the first instruction according to the engine motor oil temperature signal received to described Electric heating appliance, described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is lower than described desired temperature, described first instruction is open command, and described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance perform breakdown action, and are held open state; Or described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve perform breakdown action, and are held open state; Or described Electric heating appliance performs breakdown action, and is held open state;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is higher than described desired temperature, described first instruction is out code, perform closing motion for controlling described first solenoid valve and described second solenoid valve and described Electric heating appliance, and keep closed condition.
7. electronic control unit as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described electronic control unit comprises:
Storage unit, for storing the desired temperature of engine sump tank inner engine oil;
Comparing unit, for receiving described engine motor oil temperature signal, comparing temperature value corresponding for described engine motor oil temperature signal with described desired temperature and sending comparative result;
Indicating member, for receiving described comparative result, sends the first instruction according to described comparative result to described first solenoid valve, described second solenoid valve, described Electric heating appliance; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding lower than described desired temperature time, described first instruction is described open command; When comparative result be temperature value that described engine motor oil temperature signal is corresponding higher than described desired temperature time, described first instruction is described out code.
8. electronic control unit as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described electronic control unit also coordinates with the 3rd solenoid valve, and the outlet pipe between described first port and described second port is provided with described 3rd solenoid valve; The waste gas that motor can be made to discharge after described 3rd closed electromagnetic valve all flows to described first end from described first port, then flows to described second port from described second end, then flows out from described relief opening;
Described electronic control unit sends the second instruction according to the engine motor oil temperature signal received to described 3rd solenoid valve;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is lower than described desired temperature, described second instruction is out code, performs closing motion, and keep closed condition for controlling described 3rd solenoid valve;
When temperature value corresponding to the engine motor oil temperature signal received is higher than described desired temperature, described second instruction is open command, performs breakdown action, and be held open state for controlling described 3rd solenoid valve.
9. a motor, is characterized in that, comprises the engine sump tank described in any one of claim 1-5.
10. an automobile, is characterized in that, comprises motor according to claim 9.
11. automobiles as claimed in claim 10, is characterized in that, also comprise: the electronic control unit described in any one of claim 6-8.
CN201520346865.3U 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 Engine sump tank, electronic control unit, motor and automobile CN204627701U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105464741A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-06 黄相之 Method for reducing emission and oil consumption of engine
CN105464768A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-06 黄相之 Control system for recycling of heat energy, emission reduction and consumption reduction
CN105569788A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-11 黄相之 Method for reducing emission and oil consumption of engine by using tail gas waste heat
CN108868959A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-23 潍柴动力股份有限公司 A kind of fault detection means of solenoid valve and oil sump for engine
CN111120038A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-05-08 中国第一汽车股份有限公司 Engine oil heat exchange system and vehicle
CN111237026A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-05 北京汽车股份有限公司 Engine oil heating device for engine, engine with engine oil heating device and vehicle

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105464741A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-06 黄相之 Method for reducing emission and oil consumption of engine
CN105464768A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-04-06 黄相之 Control system for recycling of heat energy, emission reduction and consumption reduction
CN105569788A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-11 黄相之 Method for reducing emission and oil consumption of engine by using tail gas waste heat
CN108868959A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-23 潍柴动力股份有限公司 A kind of fault detection means of solenoid valve and oil sump for engine
CN108868959B (en) * 2018-06-20 2020-12-22 潍柴动力股份有限公司 Fault detection device of electromagnetic valve and oil pan for engine
CN111120038A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-05-08 中国第一汽车股份有限公司 Engine oil heat exchange system and vehicle
CN111237026A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-05 北京汽车股份有限公司 Engine oil heating device for engine, engine with engine oil heating device and vehicle

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