CN204615476U - Clarifier - Google Patents

Clarifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204615476U
CN204615476U CN201520364633.0U CN201520364633U CN204615476U CN 204615476 U CN204615476 U CN 204615476U CN 201520364633 U CN201520364633 U CN 201520364633U CN 204615476 U CN204615476 U CN 204615476U
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China
Prior art keywords
energy
clarifier
unit
storage units
input power
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CN201520364633.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴志鹏
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Midea Group Co Ltd
GD Midea Air Conditioning Equipment Co Ltd
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Midea Group Co Ltd
Guangdong Midea Refrigeration Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520364633.0U priority Critical patent/CN204615476U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The utility model proposes a kind of clarifier, clarifier comprises: photovoltaic cell, and photovoltaic cell is removably disposed in the power port place of clarifier, for solar energy is converted to direct current energy, to be provided to clarifier; Power port also for: receive electric main, think that clarifier provides AC energy; Input power detecting unit, is connected to power port, for detecting the input power type of clarifier, and determines the charging circuit that charges to the energy-storage units of clarifier according to input power type; First charhing unit, is connected to input power detecting unit, for when judging input power type as direct current energy, charges to energy-storage units; Second charhing unit, is connected to input power detecting unit, for when judging input power type as AC energy, charges to energy-storage units.By the technical solution of the utility model, reduce the use cost of clarifier, significantly reduce the dependence of clarifier to civil power, thus promote Consumer's Experience.

Description

Clarifier
Technical field
The utility model relates to household appliance technical field, in particular to a kind of clarifier.
Background technology
At present, at haze more and more seriously, more and more general today, air purifier product has become the household appliances that a lot of family will choose.The existing general power of air purifier product is on the market all less, air cleaning is limited in scope, and along with the change of User Activity scope, also requires that air purifier can along with movement, but, existing air purifier all only has to be inserted civil power and could work, and the limited location of its work, in the installation site of socket, optionally can not move the place that user wants, reduce Consumer's Experience, and along with the increase making electrical appliance in family, the electricity charge have become the no small expense of each family.
Therefore, how to reduce the dependence of air purifier to civil power, realizing not only can random mobile air purifier position, reduces use cost simultaneously, and then promotes Consumer's Experience and become technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Utility model content
The utility model is intended at least to solve one of technical problem existed in prior art or correlation technique.
For this reason, an object of the present utility model is to propose a kind of clarifier.
For achieving the above object, according to the embodiment of one side of the present utility model, propose a kind of clarifier, comprise: photovoltaic cell, described photovoltaic cell is removably disposed in the power port place of described clarifier, for solar energy is converted to direct current energy, to be provided to described clarifier; Described power port also for: receive electric main, think that described clarifier provides AC energy; Input power detecting unit, is connected to described power port, for detecting the input power type of described clarifier, and determines the charging circuit that charges to the energy-storage units of described clarifier according to described input power type; First charhing unit, is connected to described input power detecting unit, for when judging described input power type as direct current energy, charges to described energy-storage units; Second charhing unit, is connected to described input power detecting unit, for when judging described input power type as AC energy, charges to described energy-storage units.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, the power port place of clarifier is provided with detachable photovoltaic cell, for solar energy is converted to direct current energy, think that clarifier work provides energy, achieve and do not use civil power also can work, reduce use cost, and reduce the dependence of clarifier to civil power, and expand the working range of clarifier, it is made not to be subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length, even can be operated in and not have to use in the outdoor environment of civil power, thus improve Consumer's Experience.
Certainly, power port can also receive electric main, supplements as one of photovoltaic cell capable of generating power, under the condition being not suitable for photovoltaic generation or also can ensure night the normal work of clarifier to ensure that clarifier can all weather operations in 24 hours.
In addition, the input power detecting unit that power port place connects can determine the charging circuit charged to the energy-storage units of clarifier according to the input power type detected, particularly, when detecting that input power type is direct current energy, by the first charhing unit (photovoltaic charged unit), energy-storage units is charged, when detecting that input power type is AC energy, by the second charhing unit (power supply adaptor), energy-storage units is charged, so, coordinated by the gating of the first charhing unit and the second charhing unit, make clarifier can compatible photovoltaic DC electricity and mains electric, that is, clarifier can when illumination abundance, in the power storage that photovoltaic is sent to energy-storage units or be directly supplied to clarifier use, once intensity of illumination is not or at night, time photovoltaic generation is not enough to maintain its normal work, energy-storage units can discharge the normal use that electric energy ensures clarifier, if continuous several days are not suitable for photovoltaic generation, also mains-supplied can be switched to.Thus ensure that clarifier at any time can run by normal power supply, not only reduce the use cost of clarifier, improve all weather operations ability of clarifier, and working range reduces because being subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length to avoid clarifier in prior art, reduce the dependence of clarifier to civil power, make it can come shift position with user intention, thus promote Consumer's Experience.Wherein, the generated output prioritizing selection of photovoltaic battery panel is 2 to 3 times of the normal operating power consumption power of clarifier, both can ensure that clarifier can be full of electricity with speed faster, and the area that turn avoid photovoltaic battery panel is too large, and impact uses normally.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described first charhing unit and described second charhing unit are connected to described energy-storage units by DC bus, charge so that the low-voltage direct electric energy after conversion is transferred to described energy-storage units.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, what what the first charhing unit and the second charhing unit exported was all after conversion be suitable for low-voltage DC that energy-storage units stores, therefore, they are connected to energy-storage units by DC bus, to ensure to charge to energy-storage units fast and effectively.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, also comprise: controller and DC fan, described controller and described DC fan obtain described low-voltage direct electric energy by described DC bus; And described controller is electrically connected with described DC fan, to make described controller, drived control is carried out to described DC fan.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, by DC bus, low-voltage direct electric energy is sent to controller and the DC fan of clarifier, and the DC fan be connected electrically by controller drived control, to ensure that controller and DC fan normally work, and then guarantee that clarifier normally works.Wherein, DC fan adopts DC frequency-changing to control, and it comprises an Intelligent Power Module, achieves the infinitely variable speeds of DC fan, improve the comfort of clarifier.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, also comprise: display unit, be connected to described controller, for showing the state-of-charge of described energy-storage units; Communication unit, is connected to described controller, for receiving the control command from user, to control described clarifier work.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, one end of controller is parallel with display unit and communication unit, wherein, the state-of-charge showing energy-storage units in clarifier body is responsible for by display unit, to point out the charged state of user's solar energy purification device, and communication unit is responsible for human-computer interactive control, not only can realize the touch control of user on panel, infrared remote control can also be realized control and remote network control, improve the comfortableness that user uses.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described energy-storage units also for: determine current SOC, and judge whether described current SOC is greater than default SOC, and when judging to be greater than, send cue to described controller; Described controller also for: send state-of-charge signal according to the described cue received to described first charhing unit or described second charhing unit; And described first charhing unit or described second charhing unit also for: the described state-of-charge signal according to receiving carries out trickle charge to described energy-storage units.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, first charhing unit or the second charhing unit receive the state-of-charge signal of controller about energy-storage units state-of-charge, realize planning the charging of energy-storage units, when energy-storage units judges that current SOC is greater than default SOC, namely energy-storage units close to be full of time, cue is sent to controller, the first charhing unit is controlled according to cue or the second charhing unit carries out trickle charge to energy-storage units to make controller, thus avoid overcharged, extend the useful life of energy-storage units.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described input power detecting unit specifically comprises: the voltage signal sampling unit be electrically connected successively, voltage signal analytic unit and charging circuit gating unit; Wherein, described voltage signal sampling unit, for the power supply voltage signal that described power port of sampling receives, and is sent to described voltage signal analytic unit by described power supply voltage signal; Described voltage signal analytic unit, for analyzing described power supply voltage signal, to determine described input power type; Described charging circuit gating unit, for the described charging circuit determining to charge to described energy-storage units according to described input power type.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, in input power detecting unit, voltage signal sampling unit is responsible for the power supply voltage signal of Gather and input to clarifier, voltage signal analytic unit has the filter function of signal, to avoid the erroneous judgement to input power type, and according to the form of power supply voltage signal after filtering, judge that input power is direct current energy or AC energy, if it is determined that be direct current energy, then judge that input is from photovoltaic battery panel, charging circuit gating unit charges to energy-storage units with regard to selecting the first charhing unit place circuit, if AC energy, then be judged to be that civil power inputs, charging circuit gating unit charges to energy-storage units with regard to selecting the second charhing unit place circuit.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described controller specifically comprises: main control unit, be connected to described DC fan, described display unit and described communication unit, for controlling described DC fan, described display unit and described communication unit work; Switch element, is connected to described main control unit, for obtaining described low-voltage direct electric energy from described DC bus, and is provided to described main control unit after carrying out step-down and voltage stabilizing process to described low-voltage direct electric energy.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, controller contains main control unit and a switch element, wherein, main control unit is responsible for carrying out drived control to DC fan, process is used for the signal of man-machine interaction, to complete corresponding display and communication, guarantee that user can use contact panel flexibly; Switch element is then responsible for from DC bus power taking, and the low-voltage direct electric energy consistent with energy-storage units terminal voltage is done step-down and voltage stabilizing process, uses, thus guarantee that clarifier normally runs to be supplied to main control unit.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described display unit is also for showing the task performance of described clarifier, and wherein, described task performance comprises: purification PM2.5, purifying formaldehyde; And the described control command that described communication unit receives comprises: touch control instruction, infrared remote control control command and/or remote network control instruction.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, display unit is except the state-of-charge of energy-storage units in responsible display clarifier body, also be responsible for the task performance of display clarifier, wherein, task performance is including but not limited to purification PM2.5, purifying formaldehyde, to point out user, user is made to understand the air quality of residing environment in real time; And the communication unit reception control command of responsible human-computer interactive control includes but not limited to: touch control instruction, infrared remote control control command and/or remote network control instruction, the touch control of user on panel not only can be realized by these control commands, infrared remote control can also be realized control and remote network control, improve the flexibility of user's use, comfortableness, thus promote Consumer's Experience.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described first charhing unit comprises: the push-pull circuit of the booster circuit not with transformer isolation, reduction voltage circuit not with transformer isolation, band high frequency transformer, the circuit of reversed excitation of band high frequency transformer, band high frequency transformer two-tube complete swashs, the half-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer or the full-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer; Described second charhing unit comprises: power supply adaptor.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, first charhing unit swashs including but not limited to: the booster circuit not with transformer isolation, the reduction voltage circuit not with transformer isolation, the push-pull circuit of band high frequency transformer, the circuit of reversed excitation of band high frequency transformer, the two-tube complete of band high frequency transformer, the half-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer or the full-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer, can realize controlling the MPPT maximum power point tracking of photovoltaic battery panel by foregoing circuit, the power output of photovoltaic battery panel is maximized, and then realizes the quick charge to energy-storage units; Second charhing unit is including but not limited to power supply adaptor, and the effect of power supply adaptor by electric main rectification is direct current, and realize decompression transformation, makes the charging requirement of voltage conforms energy-storage units.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described energy-storage units comprises following one or a combination set of: lithium battery, lead acid accumulator, super capacitor and flying wheel battery.
According to the clarifier of embodiment of the present utility model, energy-storage units is including but not limited to following one or a combination set of: lithium battery, lead acid accumulator, super capacitor and flying wheel battery; To improve energy density and to accelerate charge/discharge rates, and then promote clarifier result of use.
Pass through the utility model, not only reduce the use cost of clarifier, improve all weather operations ability of clarifier, and working range reduces because being subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length to avoid clarifier in prior art, reduce the dependence of clarifier to civil power, make it can come shift position with user intention, thus promote Consumer's Experience.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present utility model and advantage will become obvious and easy understand from accompanying drawing below combining to the description of embodiment, wherein:
Fig. 1 shows the block diagram of the clarifier according to an embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 shows each unit connection diagram of the clarifier according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
Embodiment
In order to more clearly understand above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is further described in detail.It should be noted that, when not conflicting, the feature in the embodiment of the application and embodiment can combine mutually.
Set forth a lot of detail in the following description so that fully understand the utility model; but; the utility model can also adopt other to be different from other modes described here and implement, and therefore, protection range of the present utility model is not by the restriction of following public specific embodiment.
Fig. 1 shows the block diagram of the clarifier according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, according to the clarifier 10 of an embodiment of the present utility model, comprising: photovoltaic cell 102, described photovoltaic cell 102 is removably disposed in power port 100 place of described clarifier 10, for solar energy is converted to direct current energy, to be provided to described clarifier 10; Described power port 100 also for: receive electric main, think that described clarifier 10 provides AC energy; Input power detecting unit 104, is connected to described power port 100, for detecting the input power type of described clarifier 100, and determines the charging circuit that charges to the energy-storage units 110 of described clarifier 10 according to described input power type; First charhing unit 106, is connected to described input power detecting unit 104, for when judging described input power type as direct current energy, charges to described energy-storage units 110; Second charhing unit 108, is connected to described input power detecting unit 104, for when judging described input power type as AC energy, charges to described energy-storage units 110.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, the power port place of clarifier 10 is provided with detachable photovoltaic cell 102, for solar energy is converted to direct current energy, think that clarifier 10 work provides energy, achieve and do not use civil power also can work, reduce use cost, and reduce the dependence of clarifier 10 pairs of civil powers, and expand the working range of clarifier 10, it is made not to be subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length, even can be operated in and not have to use in the outdoor environment of civil power, thus improve Consumer's Experience.
Certainly, power port can also receive electric main, one that generates electricity as photovoltaic cell 102 is supplemented, under the condition being not suitable for photovoltaic generation or also can ensure night the normal work of clarifier 10 to ensure that clarifier 10 can all weather operations in 24 hours.
In addition, the input power detecting unit 104 that power port 100 place connects can determine the charging circuit charged to the energy-storage units 110 of clarifier 10 according to the input power type detected, particularly, when detecting that input power type is direct current energy, by the first charhing unit 106 (photovoltaic charged unit), energy-storage units 110 is charged, when detecting that input power type is AC energy, by the second charhing unit 108 (power supply adaptor), energy-storage units 110 is charged, so, coordinated by the gating of the first charhing unit 106 and the second charhing unit 108, make clarifier 10 can compatible photovoltaic DC electricity and mains electric,
That is, clarifier 10 can when illumination abundance, in the power storage that photovoltaic is sent to energy-storage units 110 or be directly supplied to clarifier 10 and use, once intensity of illumination is not or at night, time photovoltaic generation is not enough to maintain its normal work, energy-storage units 110 can discharge the normal use that electric energy ensures clarifier 10, if continuous several days are not suitable for photovoltaic generation, also can be switched to mains-supplied.Thus ensure that clarifier 10 at any time can run by normal power supply, not only reduce the use cost of clarifier 10, improve all weather operations ability of clarifier 10, and working range reduces because being subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length to avoid clarifier 10 in prior art, reduce the dependence of clarifier 10 pairs of civil powers, make it can come shift position with user intention, thus promote Consumer's Experience.Wherein, the generated output prioritizing selection of photovoltaic cell 102 plate is 2 to 3 times of the normal operating power consumption power of clarifier 10, both can ensure that clarifier 10 can be full of electricity with speed faster, the area that turn avoid photovoltaic cell 102 plate is too large, and impact uses normally.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described first charhing unit 106 and described second charhing unit 108 are connected to described energy-storage units 110 by DC bus, charge so that the low-voltage direct electric energy after conversion is transferred to described energy-storage units 110.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, what what the first charhing unit 106 and the second charhing unit 108 exported was all after conversion be suitable for low-voltage DC that energy-storage units 110 stores, therefore, they are connected to energy-storage units 110 by DC bus, to ensure to charge to energy-storage units 110 fast and effectively.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, also comprise: controller 112 and DC fan 114, described controller 112 and described DC fan 114 obtain described low-voltage direct electric energy by described DC bus; And described controller 112 is electrically connected with described DC fan 114, to make described controller 112, drived control is carried out to described DC fan 114.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, by DC bus, low-voltage direct electric energy is sent to controller 112 and the DC fan 114 of clarifier 10, and the DC fan 114 be connected electrically by controller 112 drived control, to ensure that controller 112 and DC fan 114 normally work, and then guarantee that clarifier 10 normally works.Wherein, DC fan 114 adopts DC frequency-changing to control, and it comprises an Intelligent Power Module, achieves the infinitely variable speeds of DC fan 114, improves the comfortableness that clarifier 10 uses.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, also comprise: display unit 116, be connected to described controller 112, for showing the state-of-charge of described energy-storage units 110; Communication unit 118, is connected to described controller 112, for receiving the control command from user, works to control described clarifier 10.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, one end of controller 112 is parallel with display unit 116 and communication unit 118, wherein, the state-of-charge of energy-storage units 110 in display clarifier 10 body is responsible for by display unit 116, to point out the charged state of user's solar energy purification device 10, and communication unit 118 is responsible for human-computer interactive control, not only can realize the touch control of user on panel, infrared remote control can also be realized control and remote network control, improve the comfortableness that user uses.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described energy-storage units 110 also for: determine current SOC, and judge whether described current SOC is greater than default SOC, and when judging to be greater than, send cue to described controller 112; Described controller 112 also for: send state-of-charge signal according to the described cue received to described first charhing unit 106 or described second charhing unit 108; And described first charhing unit 106 or described second charhing unit 108 also for: according to the described state-of-charge signal received, trickle charge is carried out to described energy-storage units 110.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, first charhing unit 106 or the second charhing unit 108 receive the state-of-charge signal of controller 112 about energy-storage units 110 state-of-charge, realize planning the charging of energy-storage units 110, when energy-storage units 110 judges that current SOC is greater than default SOC, namely at energy-storage units 110 close to when being full of, cue is sent to controller 112, the first charhing unit 106 is controlled according to cue or the second charhing unit 108 pairs of energy-storage units 110 carry out trickle charge to make controller 112, thus avoid overcharged, extend the useful life of energy-storage units 110.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described input power detecting unit 104 specifically comprises: the voltage signal sampling unit 1042 be electrically connected successively, voltage signal analytic unit 1044 and charging circuit gating unit 1046; Wherein, described voltage signal sampling unit 1042, for the power supply voltage signal that described power port of sampling receives, and is sent to described voltage signal analytic unit 1044 by described power supply voltage signal; Described voltage signal analytic unit 1044, for analyzing described power supply voltage signal, to determine described input power type; Described charging circuit gating unit 1046, for the described charging circuit determining to charge to described energy-storage units 110 according to described input power type.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, in input power detecting unit 104, voltage signal sampling unit 1042 is responsible for the power supply voltage signal of Gather and input to clarifier 10, voltage signal analytic unit 1044 has the filter function of signal, to avoid the erroneous judgement to input power type, and according to the form of power supply voltage signal after filtering, judge that input power is direct current energy or AC energy, if it is determined that be direct current energy, then judge that input is from photovoltaic cell 102 plate, charging circuit gating unit 1046 charges to energy-storage units 110 with regard to selecting the first charhing unit 106 place circuit, if AC energy, then be judged to be that civil power inputs, charging circuit gating unit 1046 charges to energy-storage units 110 with regard to selecting the second charhing unit 108 place circuit.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described controller 112 specifically comprises: main control unit 1122, being connected to described DC fan 114, described display unit 116 and described communication unit 118, working for controlling described DC fan 114, described display unit 116 and described communication unit 118; Switch element 1124, is connected to described main control unit 1122, for obtaining described low-voltage direct electric energy from described DC bus, and is provided to described main control unit 1122 after carrying out step-down and voltage stabilizing process to described low-voltage direct electric energy.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, controller 112 contains main control unit 1122 and a switch element 1124, wherein, main control unit 1122 is responsible for carrying out drived control to DC fan 114, process is used for the signal of man-machine interaction, to complete corresponding display and communication, guarantee that user can use contact panel flexibly; Switch element 1124 is responsible for from DC bus power taking, and the low-voltage direct electric energy consistent with energy-storage units 110 terminal voltage is done step-down and voltage stabilizing process, uses, thus guarantee that clarifier 10 normally runs to be supplied to main control unit 1122.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described display unit 116 is also for showing the task performance of described clarifier 10, and wherein, described task performance comprises: purification PM2.5, purifying formaldehyde; And the described control command that described communication unit 118 receives comprises: touch control instruction, infrared remote control control command and/or remote network control instruction.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, display unit 116 is except the state-of-charge of energy-storage units 110 in responsible display clarifier 10 body, also be responsible for the task performance of display clarifier 10, wherein, task performance is including but not limited to purification PM2.5, purifying formaldehyde, to point out user, user is made to understand the air quality of residing environment in real time; And the communication unit 118 of responsible human-computer interactive control receives control command and includes but not limited to: touch control instruction, infrared remote control control command and/or remote network control instruction, the touch control of user on panel not only can be realized by these control commands, infrared remote control can also be realized control and remote network control, improve the flexibility of user's use, comfortableness, thus promote Consumer's Experience.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described first charhing unit 106 comprises: the push-pull circuit of the booster circuit not with transformer isolation, reduction voltage circuit not with transformer isolation, band high frequency transformer, the circuit of reversed excitation of band high frequency transformer, band high frequency transformer two-tube complete swashs, the half-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer or the full-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer; Described second charhing unit 108 comprises: power supply adaptor.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, first charhing unit 106 is including but not limited to the booster circuit not with transformer isolation, reduction voltage circuit not with transformer isolation, with the push-pull circuit of high frequency transformer, with the circuit of reversed excitation of high frequency transformer, swash with the two-tube complete of high frequency transformer, the full-bridge circuit of the half-bridge circuit with high frequency transformer or band high frequency transformer, can realize controlling the MPPT maximum power point tracking of photovoltaic cell 102 plate by foregoing circuit, the power output of photovoltaic cell 102 plate is maximized, and then the quick charge realized energy-storage units 110, second charhing unit 108 is including but not limited to power supply adaptor, and the effect of power supply adaptor by electric main rectification is direct current, and realize decompression transformation, makes the charging requirement of voltage conforms energy-storage units 110.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, in technique scheme, preferably, described energy-storage units 110 comprises following one or a combination set of: lithium battery, lead acid accumulator, super capacitor and flying wheel battery.
According to the clarifier 10 of embodiment of the present utility model, energy-storage units 110 is including but not limited to following one or a combination set of: lithium battery, lead acid accumulator, super capacitor and flying wheel battery; To improve energy density and to accelerate charge/discharge rates, and then promote clarifier 10 result of use.
Fig. 2 shows each unit connection diagram of the clarifier according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 2, the electrical structure system of the clarifier of an embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 2, this system comprises: one piece of demountable photovoltaic cell 10, be responsible for solar energy to be converted into electric energy, for clarifier work provides energy, achieve the air cleaning without civil power; Civil power 20 (electric main) supplements as one of photovoltaic cell capable of generating power, under the weather condition being not suitable for photovoltaic generation or also can ensure the normal power supply work of air purifier night; Input power detecting unit 30 is responsible for detecting the power supply type being input to clarifier, then different according to different power supply type gatings charging circuits, make solar energy purification device of the present utility model can compatible photovoltaic DC electricity and mains electric; Wherein, the power adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit) that circuit 1 is connected to photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit), circuit 2 is connected to civil power, the function of photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit) be by time the photovoltaic output voltage stabilization that becomes to the scope being applicable to charging to energy-storage units 60, and realize MPPT maximum power point tracking controlling functions, the power output capacity of photovoltaic cell 10 is maximized, charges to rapidly energy-storage units 60 simultaneously; The effect of power adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit) is direct current by the commercial power rectification of interchange, and realize decompression transformation, make the charging requirement of voltage conforms energy-storage units, in the utility model, power adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit) and photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit) cooperate, photovoltaic inputs and civil power input to have made solar energy purification device compatible, substantially increases all weather operations ability of solar energy purification device; DC bus 3 summarizes the direct current that photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit) or power adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit) export, and DC power transmission to energy-storage units 60, controller 70 and DC fan 100, also can the power delivery of energy-storage units 60 to controller 70 and DC fan 100; Energy-storage units 60 is responsible for storing photovoltaic cell 10 or the low-voltage DC of civil power 20 after conversion, and discharge when clarifier uses, supply clarifier uses, energy-storage units 60 achieves filling at any time of photovoltaic generation and uses at any time, be not limited to weather condition, clarifier even also can be used when night at any time not having sunlight, and break away from the restriction of power line length and socket position, expand the working range of clarifier, indoor any position can be operated in, also may be used for open air.Controller 70 contains main control unit and a switch element, and wherein main control unit is responsible for signal transacting DC fan 100 being carried out to drived control, man-machine interaction, and some display and communications; Switch element is then responsible for from DC bus 3 power taking, the DC bus-bar voltage consistent with energy-storage units terminal voltage is done step-down and voltage stabilizing process, uses to be supplied to main control unit; Display unit 80 is except the task performance (except PM2.5, formaldehyde etc.) of responsible display clarifier, also be responsible for state-of-charge (the Sate of Charger of energy-storage units in display clarifier body, SOC), the charged state of user's solar energy purification device is pointed out; Communication unit 90 is responsible for human-computer interactive control, both can realize the touch control on panel, can also realize infrared remote control and control and remote network control; DC fan 100 is main electric loadings of the present utility model, can pass through IPM (Intelligent PowerModule, Intelligent Power Module) and realize frequency control, improves the comfortableness that user uses.
As shown in Figure 2: photovoltaic cell 10 and civil power 20 are connected in solar energy purification device by supply hub (power port), they are input to input power detecting unit 30, two-way circuit is divided into after input power detecting unit 30, wherein circuit 1 is connected to photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit), circuit 2 is connected to power adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit), the output of photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit) and power adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit) is all pooled on DC bus 3, one end then energy-storage units 60 of DC bus, two ends then respectively connected controller 70 and DC fan 100 in addition, display unit 80 and communication unit 90 are connected in parallel on controller 70.
In the utility model embodiment, air purifier can when illumination abundance, in the power storage that photovoltaic is sent to energy-storage units or be directly supplied to clarifier use, once intensity of illumination is not or at night, time photovoltaic generation is not enough to maintain its normal work, energy-storage units can discharge electric energy and ensure the normal use of clarifier, if continuous several days be not suitable for photovoltaic generation, also can be switched to mains-supplied.Thus ensure that clarifier at any time can run by normal power supply, and need not as original, be subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length and reduce working range, and reduce the cost of use of clarifier.
By the clarifier of the utility model embodiment, following control flow can be realized:
Charging control flow concrete steps are as follows:
Step (11), sampling is input to the power supply voltage signal of clarifier inside, it is to be noted, this sample circuit both can sample d. c. voltage signal also can Sample AC voltage signal, and with signal filtering function, exclusive PCR, avoids erroneous judgement;
Step (12), carries out the analysis of voltage signal form, also referred to as the analysis of voltage type, namely by judging with or without zero crossing voltage signal: without zero crossing as direct current, have zero crossing to be alternating current.
Step (13), judges whether the power supply inputted is alternating current, if alternating current, then input power is mains supply, so enters step (15), otherwise, enter step (14).
Step (14), input be direct current, namely photovoltaic input, so, input power is switched in photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit);
Step (15), is switched to power supply adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit) by input power;
Step (16), it should be noted that, no matter is power supply adaptor 50 (the second charhing unit) or photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit), and its output is all charge to energy-storage units 60;
Step (17), synchronously carries out the detection of charged state (SOC) to energy-storage units 60;
Step (18), judges whether energy-storage units 60 is full of electricity: if be not full of, then continue charging, if be full of, prompting user is full of.
Voltage signal analysis process concrete steps are as follows:
Step (21), the voltage signal of sampling input power;
Step (22), carries out filtering process to signal;
Step (23), judge that voltage signal is with or without zero crossing, wherein, to the detected rule of zero crossing be: if three continuous print zero crossings detected, and be interposed between between zero crossing (because line voltage frequency is about 50Hz) between 0.0098 to 0.0105s, then be defined as voltage signal and there is zero crossing, otherwise, then think there is no zero crossing.The object arranging rule is like this to get rid of voltage signal interference further, avoids causing erroneous judgement; If input voltage signal has zero crossing, then enter step (24), otherwise, enter step (25).
Step (24), is judged to be that civil power inputs.
Step (25), judges to be input as photovoltaic cell.
Incoming line is connected on circuit 2 by step (26), and switch on power adapter unit 50 (the second charhing unit).
Step (27), is switched to circuit 1 by incoming line, connect photovoltaic charged unit 40 (the first charhing unit).
It is as follows that energy-storage units 60 detects state-of-charge flow process concrete steps:
Step (31), the terminal voltage Ubat of sampling energy-storage units and flow through his current value Ibat, the Ibat wherein flowing into energy-storage units are for just, and the Ibat flowing out energy-storage units is negative.
Step (32), by setting up state-space model to energy-storage units 60, using state estimation algorithm, obtaining a state variable (electromotive force E) of energy-storage units 60.
Step (33), according to the electromotive force E of the energy-storage units 60 obtained, obtains current SOC (Sate of Charger, the state-of-charge) value of energy-storage units 60 by algorithm for pattern recognition.
Step (34), judges that energy-storage units that whether SOC of energy-storage units 60 reaches setting charges the SOC set point SOC* of saturated correspondence; If the SOC obtained current has been greater than given SOC*, enters step (35), on the contrary the step of entering (36).
Step (35), now, then thinks that energy-storage units 60 is full of electricity, prompting user electricity is full of, and charge closing module (photovoltaic charged unit 40 or power supply adaptor 50), thus avoid overcharged, extend energy-storage units useful life.
Step (36), now then thinks and is not also full of, and proceeds charging.
It is to be noted, there is relation one to one in SOC and its electromotive force E of energy-storage units 60, the producer of energy-storage units can provide the SOC curve of its product, the utility model application mode knows this curve of method for distinguishing matching, obtain a corresponding model, by this model, input electromotive force E can obtain current SOC value.
Described on comprehensive, can find out, the utility model has the technique effect being different from existing clarifier as follows:
Adopt the utility model, air purifier can be made to input and civil power input by compatible photovoltaic, greatly reduce the use cost of clarifier, and ensure that its 24 hours and round-the-clockly can to work, the energy-storage units carried can stagger the time that photovoltaic generation and clarifier use, and expand the working range of clarifier, make it not be subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length, even can be operated in the outdoor environment not having civil power.
More than be described with reference to the accompanying drawings the technical solution of the utility model, not only reduce the use cost of clarifier, improve all weather operations ability of clarifier, and working range reduces because being subject to the restriction of socket position and power line length to avoid clarifier in prior art, reduce the dependence of clarifier to civil power, make it can come shift position with user intention, thus promote Consumer's Experience.
In the description of this specification, specific features, structure, material or feature that the description of term " embodiment " etc. means to describe in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one embodiment of the present utility model or example.In this manual, identical embodiment or example are not necessarily referred to the schematic representation of above-mentioned term.And the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can combine in an appropriate manner in any one or more embodiment or example.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not limited to the utility model, for a person skilled in the art, the utility model can have various modifications and variations.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a clarifier, is characterized in that, comprising:
Photovoltaic cell, described photovoltaic cell is removably disposed in the power port place of described clarifier, for solar energy is converted to direct current energy, to be provided to described clarifier;
Described power port also for: receive electric main, think that described clarifier provides AC energy;
Input power detecting unit, is connected to described power port, for detecting the input power type of described clarifier, and determines the charging circuit that charges to the energy-storage units of described clarifier according to described input power type;
First charhing unit, is connected to described input power detecting unit, for when judging described input power type as direct current energy, charges to described energy-storage units;
Second charhing unit, is connected to described input power detecting unit, for when judging described input power type as AC energy, charges to described energy-storage units.
2. clarifier according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described first charhing unit and described second charhing unit are connected to described energy-storage units by DC bus, charges so that the low-voltage direct electric energy after conversion is transferred to described energy-storage units.
3. clarifier according to claim 2, is characterized in that, also comprises: controller and DC fan, and described controller and described DC fan obtain described low-voltage direct electric energy by described DC bus; And
Described controller is electrically connected with described DC fan, carries out drived control to make described controller to described DC fan.
4. clarifier according to claim 3, is characterized in that, also comprises:
Display unit, is connected to described controller, for showing the state-of-charge of described energy-storage units;
Communication unit, is connected to described controller, for receiving the control command from user, to control described clarifier work.
5. clarifier according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described energy-storage units also for: determine current SOC, and judge whether described current SOC is greater than default SOC, and when judging to be greater than, send cue to described controller;
Described controller also for: send state-of-charge signal according to the described cue received to described first charhing unit or described second charhing unit; And
Described first charhing unit or described second charhing unit also for: the described state-of-charge signal according to receiving carries out trickle charge to described energy-storage units.
6. clarifier according to any one of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that, described input power detecting unit specifically comprises:
The voltage signal sampling unit be electrically connected successively, voltage signal analytic unit and charging circuit gating unit; Wherein,
Described voltage signal sampling unit, for the power supply voltage signal that described power port of sampling receives, and is sent to described voltage signal analytic unit by described power supply voltage signal;
Described voltage signal analytic unit, for analyzing described power supply voltage signal, to determine described input power type;
Described charging circuit gating unit, for the described charging circuit determining to charge to described energy-storage units according to described input power type.
7. the clarifier according to claim 4 or 5, is characterized in that, described controller specifically comprises:
Main control unit, is connected to described DC fan, described display unit and described communication unit, for controlling described DC fan, described display unit and described communication unit work;
Switch element, is connected to described main control unit, for obtaining described low-voltage direct electric energy from described DC bus, and is provided to described main control unit after carrying out step-down and voltage stabilizing process to described low-voltage direct electric energy.
8. the clarifier according to claim 4 or 5, is characterized in that, described display unit is also for showing the task performance of described clarifier, and wherein, described task performance comprises: purification PM2.5, purifying formaldehyde; And
The described control command that described communication unit receives comprises: touch control instruction, infrared remote control control command and/or remote network control instruction.
9. clarifier according to any one of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that, described first charhing unit comprises: the push-pull circuit of the booster circuit not with transformer isolation, reduction voltage circuit not with transformer isolation, band high frequency transformer, the circuit of reversed excitation of band high frequency transformer, band high frequency transformer two-tube complete swashs, the half-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer or the full-bridge circuit of band high frequency transformer;
Described second charhing unit comprises: power supply adaptor.
10. clarifier according to any one of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that, described energy-storage units comprises following one or a combination set of:
Lithium battery, lead acid accumulator, super capacitor and flying wheel battery.
CN201520364633.0U 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Clarifier Active CN204615476U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105737346A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-06 李渊 Novel air purifying system
CN106016460A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-12 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 Outdoor industrial-grade air purifier and control method thereof
CN106051914A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-26 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 Air purifier used for office environment and control method
CN106091332A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-11-09 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 The air cleaner of solar energy auxiliary power supply
CN106091333A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-11-09 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 Industrial size air depurator and control method thereof for public place
CN106300474A (en) * 2015-05-29 2017-01-04 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Depurator and charge control method
CN106786850A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 深圳市盛弘电气股份有限公司 The charging system and method for a kind of compatible alternating current-direct current input

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106300474A (en) * 2015-05-29 2017-01-04 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Depurator and charge control method
CN105737346A (en) * 2016-04-26 2016-07-06 李渊 Novel air purifying system
CN105737346B (en) * 2016-04-26 2019-01-25 李渊 A kind of novel air purification system
CN106016460A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-12 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 Outdoor industrial-grade air purifier and control method thereof
CN106051914A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-26 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 Air purifier used for office environment and control method
CN106091332A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-11-09 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 The air cleaner of solar energy auxiliary power supply
CN106091333A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-11-09 北京百度网讯科技有限公司 Industrial size air depurator and control method thereof for public place
CN106786850A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 深圳市盛弘电气股份有限公司 The charging system and method for a kind of compatible alternating current-direct current input

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