CN204609983U - A kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement - Google Patents

A kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204609983U
CN204609983U CN201520248920.5U CN201520248920U CN204609983U CN 204609983 U CN204609983 U CN 204609983U CN 201520248920 U CN201520248920 U CN 201520248920U CN 204609983 U CN204609983 U CN 204609983U
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China
Prior art keywords
desulfurization
mounting end
diesel engine
outlet side
particle filtering
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520248920.5U
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Chinese (zh)
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王�忠
瞿磊
刘帅
王燕鹏
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Jiangsu University
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Jiangsu University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Improving ICE efficiencies

Abstract

The utility model belongs to purification plant and environmental technology field in diesel engine, is specifically related to a kind of diesel engine EGR system and can reuses desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, comprise particle filtering room, separation layer, desulfurization chamber; Particle filtering room comprises inlet end and mounting end A; Desulfurization chamber comprises outlet side and mounting end B, and mounting end A and mounting end B is open design, and mounting end A and mounting end B is fixed on described separation layer, and separation layer is dense mesh structure; Particle filtering indoor location has particle filtering filter core, is provided with desulfurization filter element in desulfurization chamber; Inlet end is connected with the outlet side of cooler for recycled exhaust gas, and outlet side is connected with EGR valve.For the particulate matter in filtering Diesel egr system and SO 2, prevent particle in waste gas from again entering firing chamber, reduce the discharge of diesel particulate; The EGR valve preventing EGR valve from causing because of long-term sulfur corrosion lost efficacy, and caused the exhausted air quantity entering cylinder uncontrollable, caused the phenomenon that Diesel particle emissions increases.

Description

A kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement
Technical field
The utility model patent belongs to purification plant and environmental technology field in diesel engine, is specifically related to a kind of diesel engine EGR system and can reuses desulfurization particulate filter arrangement.
Background technique
The granular material discharged of automobile is the main cause causing haze, along with the enforcement of state 4, state 5 Abgasgesetz, and Abgasgesetz increasingly stringent.EGR (EGR, Exhaust Gas Recirculation) is as reducing most widely used, the most effective measures of NOx.The light-duty vehicle output meeting emission standard of China's production in 2014 reaches more than 260 ten thousand, all adopts EGR technology.In September, 2014, Europe 6 Abgasgesetz comes into effect, and not only measures the quality of particulate emission, measures the quantity of particulate emission simultaneously, and particulate emission enters the counting epoch.
The tail gas part of diesel engine is introduced cylinder and is again participated in burning by EGR (EGR) system, reduce in-cylinder combustion temperature, the generation of effective suppression NOx, the maximum ratio that diesel engine EGR system waste gas passes into can reach 40 ~ 50%, and the waste gas introduced in cylinder contains granular solids thing and SO 2the harmful matters such as gas.In the diesel engine EGR system of present use, particle filtering and desulfurizer are not all installed, the particle of cylinder is again entered by egr system, under the effect of cylinder of diesel engine combustion high temperature, again form particle, cause the increase of particulate emission and the increase of fine particle number.SO 2there is stronger corrosivity, after egr system works long hours, the SO in waste gas 2can EGR valve be corroded, cause the inefficacy of EGR valve, result through the exhaust gas fraction generation great variety that EGR enters cylinder, cause again the increase of diesel engine discharged particle.
Model utility content
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model proposes a kind of diesel engine EGR system and can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, this device has the features such as with low cost, compact structure, installation and removal are convenient.
A kind of diesel engine EGR system that the utility model provides can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, comprises particle filtering room, desulfurization chamber, separation layer; Described particle filtering room comprises inlet end and mounting end A; Described desulfurization chamber comprises outlet side and mounting end B, and described mounting end A and mounting end B is open design, and described mounting end A and mounting end B is fixed on described separation layer, and described separation layer is dense mesh structure; Described particle filtering indoor location has particle filtering filter core, is provided with desulfurization filter element in described desulfurization chamber; Described inlet end is connected with the outlet side of cooler for recycled exhaust gas, and described outlet side is connected with EGR valve.The portion that Diesel Engine Exhaust Pipe is discharged, first be cooled to about 120 DEG C through cooler for recycled exhaust gas, after flow through particle filtering room and the desulfurization chamber of desulfurization particulate filter arrangement successively, waste gas after filtration controls to flow into intake manifold through EGR valve, after mixing with the fresh air entered from diesel air air filter, flow in the cylinder of diesel engine and re-start burning.
In such scheme, described inlet end and outlet side are cone structure, and described mounting end A and mounting end B is cylindrical structure, have leading role to gas turnover.
In such scheme, also comprise pressure transducer A, temperature transducer, pressure transducer B; Described inlet end place installed by described pressure transducer A and temperature transducer, and described pressure transducer B is arranged on described outlet side place; The intake temperature of described temperature sensor monitors and control particle filtering room, intake temperature is made to control at 100 ~ 150 DEG C, if intake temperature too high or too low time, by the thermotonus of temperature transducer, regulate the cooling water flow of cooler for recycled exhaust gas, make intake temperature control within the scope of setting.By the pressure difference at monitoring pressure sensors A and pressure transducer B two ends, judge whether filter core blocks.
In such scheme, described mounting end A and mounting end B is bolted on described separation layer, particle filtering room cylindrical end and desulfurization chamber cylindrical end can be dismantled, and for regeneration and the replacing of particle filtering filter core, desulfurization filter element, described separation layer is Stainless Steel Alloy material.
In such scheme, described mounting end A and separation layer, mounting end B and separation layer are all sealed by metallic gasket, effectively can prevent SO 2to the corrosion of sealing gasket, cause gas leak phenomenon.
In such scheme, described particle filtering filter core adopts steinheilite (2MgO2Al 2o 35SiO 2) material, be cylindrical honeycomb ceramic structure, the entrance and exit in duct is airtight for intersecting, and in wall-flow filter bodies, can adsorb the particulate matter in EGR.
In such scheme, described desulfurization filter element adopts active carbon material, is cylindrical honeycomb structure.100 ~ 150 DEG C time, filter SO 2most effective, SO 2under the catalysis of active carbon, H is generated with the moisture in waste gas and a small amount of oxygen 2sO 4, and absorption is on the activated carbon, as the H of active carbon adsorption 2sO 4during the state that reaches capacity, desulfurization particulate filter arrangement can be unloaded down, carry out the regeneration of desulfurization filter element.
When desulfurization particulate filter arrangement occurs to block, desulfurization particulate filter arrangement is removed from diesel engine, pass into from the exhaust end of desulfurization chamber the gas that temperature range is 500 ~ 600 DEG C of high temperature, and the inlet end of particle filtering room is connected with pipeline passes in water, be adsorbed on the H in active carbon 2sO 4at high temperature there is decomposition and regenerate SO 2, the particle on particle filtering filter core at high temperature can rekindle and generate CO 2, realize living again of desulfurization filter element and particle filtering filter core, by the SO produced 2, CO 2the inlet end of gas through particle filtering room and pipeline pass in water, can reduce SO 2to the pollution of air, the desulfurization particulate filter arrangement after regeneration is reinstalled in diesel engine EGR system, reuses.
In such scheme, the outlet side of described inlet end and cooler for recycled exhaust gas is tightly connected by metallic gasket, and described outlet side is connected with EGR valve pipeline.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the utility model device is for the particulate matter in diesel exhaust filtration recirculating system (EGR) and SO 2, can prevent the particle in waste gas from again entering firing chamber on the one hand, suppress the nucleation again of particle, reduce the discharge of diesel particulate; The EGR valve that can prevent EGR valve from causing because of long-term sulfur corrosion on the other hand lost efficacy, and caused the exhausted air quantity entering cylinder uncontrollable, caused the phenomenon that Diesel particle emissions increases.The features such as the utility model device is compact in conjunction with engine block, space utilization is limited, the advantage such as there is filter core and device is cheap for manufacturing cost, can reuse, compact structure, installation and removal are convenient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that a kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement.
Fig. 2 is separation layer A-A sectional view.
Fig. 3 is that a kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement position view on a diesel engine.
Fig. 4 is the working procedure flow chart that a kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement.
In figure, 1-particle filtering room; 2-particle filtering filter core; 3-pressure transducer A; 4-temperature transducer; 5-separation layer; 6-desulfurization filter element; 7-desulfurization chamber; 8-pressure transducer B; 9-desulfurization particulate filter arrangement; 10-cooler for recycled exhaust gas; 11-EGR valve; 12-inlet end; 13-mounting end A; 14-mounting end B; 15-outlet side.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited thereto.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, comprises particle filtering room 1, desulfurization chamber 7, separation layer 5, pressure transducer A3, temperature transducer 4, pressure transducer B8; Described particle filtering room 1 comprises inlet end 12 and mounting end A13; Described desulfurization chamber 7 comprises outlet side 15 and mounting end B14, described mounting end A13 and mounting end B14 is open design, described mounting end A13 and mounting end B14 is bolted on described separation layer 5, and described separation layer 5 is Stainless Steel Alloy material, in dense mesh structure; In described particle filtering room 1, particle filtering filter core 2 is installed, in described desulfurization chamber 7, desulfurization filter element 6 is installed; Described inlet end 12 is connected with the outlet side of cooler for recycled exhaust gas 10, and described outlet side 15 is connected with EGR valve 11.Described inlet end 12 and outlet side 15 are cone structure, and described mounting end A13 and mounting end B14 is cylindrical structure.Described inlet end 12 place installed by described pressure transducer A3 and temperature transducer 4, and described pressure transducer B8 is arranged on described outlet side 15 place.Described mounting end A13, mounting end B14 and separation layer 5 are all sealed by metallic gasket.Described particle filtering filter core 2 adopts steinheilite (2MgO2Al 2o 35SiO 2) material, be cylindrical honeycomb ceramic structure, the entrance and exit in duct is airtight for intersecting, in wall-flow filter bodies.Described desulfurization filter element 6 adopts active carbon material, is cylindrical honeycomb structure.
As shown in Figure 3, described inlet end 12 is tightly connected by metallic gasket with the outlet side of cooler for recycled exhaust gas 10, and described outlet side 15 is connected with EGR valve 11 pipeline.
As shown in Figure 4, the waste gas that diesel engine is discharged, part, through cooler for recycled exhaust gas cooling, flows into the particulate matter in the particle filtering room 1 of desulfurization particulate filter arrangement 9 and desulfurization chamber 7 eliminating waste gas and SO successively 2, the waste gas after filtration again through pipeline flow-direction EGR valve 11, and controls by EGR valve 11 aperture size the exhausted air quantity passing into cylinder of diesel engine, participates in burning.
Temperature transducer 4 by the intake temperature of cooler for recycled exhaust gas 10 monitor and forecast particle filtering room 1, and remains on 100 ~ 150 DEG C; Pressure transducer A3 monitors the suction pressure of particle filtering room 1 inlet end.Pressure transducer B8 monitors the exhaust pressure of desulfurization chamber 7.Separation layer 5 connects the cylindrical end of particle filtering room and desulfurization chamber, and fixing for particle filtering filter core 2 and desulfurization filter element 6; This joint also can be dismantled, for the replacing of particle filtering filter core 2 and desulfurization filter element 6; Metallic gasket is all adopted to seal when separation layer 5 is connected with particle filtering room 1 and desulfurization chamber 7.By the pressure difference value of pressure transducer A3, pressure transducer B8, judge whether particle filtering filter core 2 and desulfurization filter element 6 block.
When desulfurization particulate filter arrangement 9 occurs to block, it is pulled down from diesel engine, and passing into from the outlet side 15 of desulfurization chamber 7 gas that temperature range is 500 ~ 600 DEG C of high temperature, the inlet end 12 particle being crossed room 1 is connected with pipeline and passes in water, is adsorbed on the H in active carbon 2sO 4at high temperature there is decomposition and regenerate SO 2, the particle on particle filtering filter core 2 at high temperature can rekindle and generate CO 2, realize the regeneration of desulfurization filter element 6 and particle filtering filter core 2, by the SO produced 2, CO 2the inlet end of gas through particle filtering room 1 and pipeline pass in water, can reduce SO 2to the pollution of air, the desulfurization particulate filter arrangement 9 after regeneration is reinstalled in diesel engine EGR system, can realize reusing.
Described embodiment be the utility model preferred embodiment; but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned mode of execution; when not deviating from flesh and blood of the present utility model, any apparent improvement that those skilled in the art can make, replacement or modification all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. diesel engine EGR system can reuse a desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, comprises particle filtering room (1), desulfurization chamber (7), separation layer (5);
Described particle filtering room (1) comprises inlet end (12) and mounting end A (13); Described desulfurization chamber (7) comprises outlet side (15) and mounting end B (14), described mounting end A (13) and mounting end B (14) are open design, described mounting end A (13) and mounting end B (14) are fixed on described separation layer (5), and described separation layer (5) is dense mesh structure;
In described particle filtering room (1), particle filtering filter core (2) is installed, desulfurization filter element (6) is installed in described desulfurization chamber (7);
Described inlet end (12) is connected with the outlet side of cooler for recycled exhaust gas (10), and described outlet side (15) are connected with EGR valve (11).
2. a kind of diesel engine EGR system according to claim 1 can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, described inlet end (12) and outlet side (15) are cone structure, and described mounting end A (13) and mounting end B (14) are cylindrical structure.
3. a kind of diesel engine EGR system according to claim 1 can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, also comprises pressure transducer A (3), temperature transducer (4), pressure transducer B (8); Described pressure transducer A (3) and temperature transducer (4) are arranged on the inlet end (12) of described particle filtering room (1), and described pressure transducer B (8) is arranged on the outlet side (15) of described desulfurization chamber (7).
4. a kind of diesel engine EGR system according to claim 1 can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, described mounting end A (13) and mounting end B (14) are bolted on described separation layer (5), and described separation layer (5) is Stainless Steel Alloy material.
5. a kind of diesel engine EGR system according to claim 1 can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, described mounting end A (13), mounting end B (14) are all sealed by metallic gasket with separation layer (5).
6. a kind of diesel engine EGR system according to claim 1 can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, described particle filtering filter core (2) adopts steinheilite (2MgO2Al 2o 35SiO 2) material, be cylindrical honeycomb ceramic structure.
7. a kind of diesel engine EGR system according to claim 1 can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, described desulfurization filter element (6) adopts active carbon material, is cylindrical honeycomb structure.
8. a kind of diesel engine EGR system according to claim 1 can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that, described inlet end (12) is tightly connected by metallic gasket with the outlet side of cooler for recycled exhaust gas (10), and described outlet side (15) are connected with EGR valve (11) pipeline.
CN201520248920.5U 2015-04-22 2015-04-22 A kind of diesel engine EGR system can reuse desulfurization particulate filter arrangement Withdrawn - After Issue CN204609983U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104819034A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-05 江苏大学 Reused sulfur removal particulate filtering device of EGR system of diesel engine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104819034A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-08-05 江苏大学 Reused sulfur removal particulate filtering device of EGR system of diesel engine

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
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Granted publication date: 20150902

Effective date of abandoning: 20170804