CN204594729U - Get root device - Google Patents

Get root device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204594729U
CN204594729U CN201520230131.9U CN201520230131U CN204594729U CN 204594729 U CN204594729 U CN 204594729U CN 201520230131 U CN201520230131 U CN 201520230131U CN 204594729 U CN204594729 U CN 204594729U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
root
soil sample
sample barrel
soil
drilling rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520230131.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张思平
张雷
刘绍东
李鹏程
刘志红
赵新华
刘敬然
马慧娟
睢宁
牛静
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Cotton Research of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Institute of Cotton Research of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Cotton Research of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute of Cotton Research of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201520230131.9U priority Critical patent/CN204594729U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204594729U publication Critical patent/CN204594729U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to field crop field and gets root technical field, provides one and gets root device.This device comprises soil sample barrel, drilling rod, stressed handle and internal core rod, and the bottom of soil sample barrel is opened type structure; Drilling rod is tubulose, and bottom is connected with the top of soil sample barrel, and is communicated with the inside of soil sample barrel; Stressed handle is connected with the top of drilling rod, and is provided with corresponding with the shaft core position of drilling rod through hole on stressed handle; The top of internal core rod is passed soil sample barrel, drilling rod successively and passes hole, and the bottom of internal core rod is provided with soil-shifting sheet, and shape and the size of the shape of soil-shifting sheet and size and soil sample barrel adapt.This device drilling depth when getting root is controlled, can obtain the root system of target depth accurately, and this apparatus structure is simple, easy to operate.

Description

Get root device
Technical field
The utility model relates to field crop field and gets root technical field, provides one to get root device especially.
Background technology
During field experiment, due to out of true during equipment collection sample, cause test findings to exist and compare big error, as the research to root system, especially the layering of root system is studied, prior art is adopt the common spade bought on the market to excavate root system mostly, draw out root system part, such spade exists soil depth when excavating root system is difficult to hold, uncontrollable, cause the out of true of root system test findings, test error is larger, and sampling work amount is large especially, so also not have up till now a kind ofly can solve this kind of problem, cheap and product easy to learn easy and simple to handle occurs.
Utility model content
(1) technical matters that will solve
The purpose of this utility model be to provide a kind of degree of depth controlled, easy to operate get root device.
(2) technical scheme
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides one and gets root device, comprising:
Soil sample barrel, the bottom of described soil sample barrel is opened type structure;
Drilling rod, described drilling rod is tubulose, and bottom is connected with the top of described soil sample barrel, and is communicated with the inside of described soil sample barrel;
Stressed handle, described stressed handle is connected with the top of described drilling rod, and is provided with corresponding with the shaft core position of described drilling rod through hole on described stressed handle; And
Internal core rod, the top of described internal core rod is successively through described soil sample barrel, drilling rod and through hole, and the bottom of described internal core rod is provided with soil-shifting sheet, and the shape of described soil-shifting sheet and the shape of size and described soil sample barrel and size adapt.
Preferably, also comprise gag lever post, the top of described internal core rod is provided with the spacing hole radially run through, described gag lever post and described spacing hole is pluggable is connected.
Preferably, also comprise block hitting, described block hitting is provided with jack, described jack is connected with the top of described internal core rod is pluggable.
Preferably, described soil sample barrel and drilling rod are equipped with scale.
Preferably, described stressed handle is provided with the torsion bar radially extended.
Preferably, rubber protecting jacket is arranged with outside described torsion bar.
Preferably, the bottom of described soil sample barrel has more sharp-pointed cutting edge.
Preferably, the top of described soil sample barrel is provided with end cap, and the bottom of described drilling rod is connected with described threaded hole threaded engagement.
Preferably, the top of described drilling rod and the described handle threads that accepts are connected.
Preferably, the cross section of described soil sample barrel is circular.
(3) beneficial effect
The one that the utility model provides gets root device, comprises soil sample barrel, drilling rod, stressed handle and internal core rod, and the bottom of soil sample barrel is opened type structure; Drilling rod is tubulose, and bottom is connected with the top of soil sample barrel, and is communicated with the inside of soil sample barrel; Stressed handle is connected with the top of drilling rod, and is provided with corresponding with the shaft core position of drilling rod through hole on stressed handle; The top of internal core rod is passed soil sample barrel, drilling rod successively and passes hole, and the bottom of internal core rod is provided with soil-shifting sheet, and shape and the size of the shape of soil-shifting sheet and size and soil sample barrel adapt.When fetching earth, soil sample barrel is made to aim at region to be sampled, the now hand-held stressed handle of operating personnel to pressing down or knocking, make soil sample barrel be inserted in the soil body downwards, in the process that soil sample barrel inserts, enter into the soil-shifting sheet upwards jack-up of soil by soil sample barrel inside of soil sample barrel inside, meanwhile, internal core rod also together rises with soil-shifting sheet, until embedded depth reaches the degree of depth level that sampling needs to reach, the top of internal core rod, also from exposing through in hole stressed handle, completes thus and once fetches earth; Carry on soil sample barrel subsequently, knock the top of internal core rod, the soil in soil sample barrel is discharged.Reciprocal with this, until get soil and the root system of target depth.This device drilling depth when getting root is controlled, can obtain the root system of target depth accurately, and this apparatus structure is simple, easy to operate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of exploded view getting root device that the utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the internal core rod of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the block hitting of the utility model embodiment.
Reference numeral:
1, soil sample barrel; 2, drilling rod; 3, stressed handle; 4, torsion bar; 5, internal core rod; 6, soil-shifting sheet; 7, block hitting.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following examples for illustration of the utility model, but are not used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, except as otherwise noted, term " on ", D score, " top ", " bottom ", the orientation of the instruction such as " longitudinal direction " or state relation be based on orientation shown in the drawings or state relation, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of the device of instruction or hint indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " connection " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, concrete condition the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the utility model can be understood.
Shown in composition graphs 1 to Fig. 3, the one that the utility model embodiment provides gets root device, comprises soil sample barrel 1, drilling rod 2, stressed handle 3 and internal core rod 5; Described soil sample barrel 1 is tubular, and bottom is opened type structure, and the bottom of described soil sample barrel 1 has more sharp-pointed cutting edge, the convenient insertion soil body and cut-out root system; Described drilling rod 2 is tubulose, and bottom is connected with the top of described soil sample barrel 1, and is communicated with the inside of described soil sample barrel 1, and also signable on the outer wall of this soil sample barrel 1 and drilling rod 2 have scale, for showing the degree of depth of the insertion soil of soil sample barrel 1; Described stressed handle 3 is connected with the top of described drilling rod 2, and be provided with corresponding with the shaft core position of described drilling rod 2 through hole on described stressed handle 3, described stressed handle 3 is for described drilling rod 2 transmitting torque, and described stressed handle 3 is provided with the torsion bar radially extended, to increase its rotating torque, rotate more laborsaving, in addition, also at the outer sheathed rubber protecting jacket of described torsion bar, can rub to increase it, not easily skid during hand-held rotation, and promote feel; The top of described internal core rod 5 is passed described soil sample barrel 1, drilling rod 2 successively and passes hole, the bottom of described internal core rod 5 is provided with soil-shifting sheet 6, the shape of described soil-shifting sheet 6 and the shape of size and described soil sample barrel 1 and size adapt, and can do piston like motion in soil sample barrel 1.
When fetching earth, soil sample barrel 1 is made to aim at region to be sampled, the now torsion bar of the hand-held stressed handle 3 of operating personnel, and to pressing down or knocking downwards, soil sample barrel 1 is made to be inserted in the soil body, in the process that soil sample barrel 1 inserts, enter into the soil-shifting sheet 6 upwards jack-up of soil by soil sample barrel 1 inside of soil sample barrel 1 inside, simultaneously, internal core rod 5 also together rises with soil-shifting sheet 6, until embedded depth reaches the degree of depth level that sampling needs to reach, the top of internal core rod 5, also from exposing through in hole stressed handle 3, completes thus and once fetches earth; Promote out soil by soil sample barrel subsequently, knock the top of internal core rod 5, the soil in soil sample barrel 1 is discharged.Reciprocal with this, until get soil and the root system of target depth.Wherein, when the root that pounds with a hammer drills through root, can with hand steered handle 4 of stopping, root is bored can not rock back and forth, be convenient to knock, simultaneously, buttressing handle 4 than buttressing drilling rod 2 will save labour, and buttress handle 4 than buttressing drilling rod 2 away from root brill as the auxiliary people buttressing root brill, knock when accidentally training off and more not easily hinder people, increase security; Two be get what a sample and up extract from soil root bore be that both hands are held two ends handle 4 and up pulled out, than hold drilling rod 2 up pull out easier.
Wherein, the top of described soil sample barrel 1 is provided with end cap, and described end cap is provided with threaded hole, and the bottom of described drilling rod 2 is provided with external thread, and the bottom of described drilling rod 2 is connected with described threaded hole threaded engagement; Have internal thread in described jack, the top of described drilling rod 2 is provided with external thread, and the top of described drilling rod 2 is connected with described jack threaded engagement.
Wherein, the cross section of described soil sample barrel 1 is preferably circular, like this when soil sample barrel 1 inserts in the soil body, can rotate control with circumference, make soil sample barrel 1 more easily be inserted in the soil body and cut off root system, cross section is that circular soil sample barrel 1 can not produce excessive resistance when circumference is rotated.
Preferably, this drawing out soil equipment also comprises gag lever post, and the top of described internal core rod 5 is provided with the spacing hole radially run through, described gag lever post and described spacing hole is pluggable is connected, and can prevent internal core rod 5 from coming off from drilling rod 2 after insertion gag lever post.
Preferably, this is got root device and also comprises block hitting 7, described block hitting 7 is provided with jack, the top of described jack and described internal core rod 5 is pluggable to be connected, and when fetching earth, hits block hitting 7 by wooden stick etc., power is passed to stressed handle 3 by block hitting 7, because hitting power does not directly act on stressed handle 3, the contact area between block hitting 7 and stressed handle 3 is comparatively large again, thus stressed handle 3 can be avoided to damage; In addition, block hitting 7 is convenient to the soil-shifting sheet 6 upwards jack-up of root earth sample by soil sample barrel 1 inside, and internal core rod 5 also together rises with soil-shifting sheet 6, and the part that internal core rod 5 exposes stressed handle 3 is elongated gradually, in the jack of elongated partial insertion block hitting 7, do not affect and continue to knock sampling.Wherein, block hitting 7 is preferably made up of wrought iron material, uses wrought iron matter structure one to be reduce costs, and two is reduce its rigidity, increases toughness.
Below to get root between Cotton Fields, the method for operating of getting root device of the present embodiment is described:
S1, root system sampling spot are determined: between Cotton Fields, and according to practical study needs, select to determine cotton field root system sampling spot, such as cotton goes above, from cotton 15cm, from cotton 30cm etc.
S2, use simple and easy root of getting to drill through root: to be penetrated from the bottom of soil sample barrel 1 on internal core rod 5 top, more successively through drilling rod 2 and stressed handle 3, stretch out from the top of stressed handle 3.The spacing hole on internal core rod 5 top plugs gag lever post, makes it be unlikely to come off from simple and easy getting in root brill.Bore move to originally getting root on the sampling spot that chooses, pull out the gag lever post in the spacing hole on internal core rod 5 top, internal core rod 5 top was overlapped in block hitting 7 and is placed on stressed handle 3.Gag lever post rope is tied up on stressed handle 3, prevents the loss that drops.Internal core rod 5 exposes more than 5cm from stressed handle 3 end face, makes block hitting 7 difficult drop-off put.Use iron hammer or PVC plastic hammer etc. to knock block hitting 7, make soil sample barrel 1 pierce soil and get root, according to the scale that soil sample barrel 1 indicates, stop when sampling reaches 10cm knocking.Remove block hitting 7, extract soil sample barrel 1, gag lever post is inserted in the spacing hole on internal core rod 5 top, knocks the top of internal core rod 5 with hammer gently, root earth sample is pushed over out in soil sample barrel 1, obtain root earth sample.Because the top of internal core rod 5 is inserted with gag lever post, internal core rod 5 is made to be unlikely to come off in drilling rod 2.
The soil sample barrel 1 being finished down root earth sample is placed in take one deck sample away get in root hole, constantly repeat above method step, until take the root earth sample that is got each degree of depth level of root point, move to next sampling spot, need to drill through root earth sample according to research.
Finally, the root earth sample of acquisition is rushed the method such as root, mesh screen by waterpower and isolates root system, utilize scanner scanning to obtain root system picture, utilize root system analysis software to carry out analyzing and processing, need to obtain root system data according to root system analysis software function and research.
Only preferred implementation of the present utility model described in upper; should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model know-why; can also make some improvement and replacement, these improve and replace and also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. get a root device, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Soil sample barrel (1), the bottom of described soil sample barrel (1) is opened type structure;
Drilling rod (2), described drilling rod (2) is tubulose, and bottom is connected with the top of described soil sample barrel (1), and is communicated with the inside of described soil sample barrel (1);
Stressed handle (3), described stressed handle (3) is connected with the top of described drilling rod (2), and is provided with corresponding with the shaft core position of described drilling rod (2) through hole on described stressed handle (3); And
Internal core rod (5), the top of described internal core rod (5) is passed described soil sample barrel (1), drilling rod (2) successively and passes hole, the bottom of described internal core rod (5) is provided with soil-shifting sheet (6), and the shape of described soil-shifting sheet (6) and the shape of size and described soil sample barrel (1) and size adapt.
2. according to claim 1ly get root device, it is characterized in that, also comprise gag lever post, the top of described internal core rod (5) is provided with the spacing hole radially run through, described gag lever post and described spacing hole is pluggable is connected.
3. according to claim 1ly get root device, it is characterized in that, also comprise block hitting (7), described block hitting (7) is provided with jack, described jack is connected with the top of described internal core rod (5) is pluggable.
4. according to claim 1ly get root device, it is characterized in that, described soil sample barrel (1) and drilling rod (2) are equipped with scale.
5. according to claim 1ly get root device, it is characterized in that, described stressed handle (3) is provided with the torsion bar (4) radially extended.
6. according to claim 5ly get root device, it is characterized in that, described torsion bar is arranged with rubber protecting jacket outside (4).
7. according to claim 1ly get root device, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described soil sample barrel (1) has more sharp-pointed cutting edge.
8. according to claim 1ly get root device, it is characterized in that, the top of described soil sample barrel (1) is provided with end cap, and the bottom of described drilling rod (2) is connected with the threaded hole threaded engagement on end cap.
9. according to claim 1ly get root device, it is characterized in that, the top of described drilling rod (2) is connected with described stressed handle (3) threaded engagement.
10. according to any one of claim 1 to 9, get root device, it is characterized in that, the cross section of described soil sample barrel (1) is circular.
CN201520230131.9U 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Get root device Expired - Fee Related CN204594729U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520230131.9U CN204594729U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Get root device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520230131.9U CN204594729U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Get root device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204594729U true CN204594729U (en) 2015-08-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520230131.9U Expired - Fee Related CN204594729U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Get root device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204594729U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104833543A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-08-12 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Root fetching apparatus

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104833543A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-08-12 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Root fetching apparatus
CN104833543B (en) * 2015-04-16 2017-09-19 中国农业科学院棉花研究所 Take root device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150826

Termination date: 20180416

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee