CN204579576U - A kind of parallel type aphid is raised and transfer device - Google Patents

A kind of parallel type aphid is raised and transfer device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204579576U
CN204579576U CN201520261351.8U CN201520261351U CN204579576U CN 204579576 U CN204579576 U CN 204579576U CN 201520261351 U CN201520261351 U CN 201520261351U CN 204579576 U CN204579576 U CN 204579576U
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China
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aphid
rectangular box
side plate
gauze
gathering unit
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CN201520261351.8U
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Inventor
魏攀
王中
夏玉珍
王燃
李正风
李锋
孟庆华
罗朝鹏
魏春阳
杨军
林福呈
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Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTC
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Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTC
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of parallel type aphid to raise and transfer device, the rectangular box that two structures be disposed adjacent before and after comprising are identical, the top board of each rectangular box is transparent panel, four side plates of each rectangular box are provided with gauze, two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate, and slip side plate is connected with box body-sliding; Two rectangular box contact surfaces are provided with sealing device and two rectangular box are connected by clamping apparatus; Two rectangular box side plate gauze except adjacent slip side plate is all connected with one end of communication apparatus, the other end of communication apparatus is connected with aphid gathering unit; The side of aphid gathering unit is provided with insect attraction lamp.The utility model can collect aphid simply and easily in feeding process, has both improve aphid collection efficiency, avoids the injury to aphid polypide, can also effectively preventing aphid escape, having ensured ecological safety when changing live plant.

Description

A kind of parallel type aphid is raised and transfer device
Technical field
The utility model relates to insect breeding device field, particularly relates to a kind of parallel type aphid and raises and transfer device.
Background technology
Aphid is one of destructive insect of most, to agriculture and forestry and horticulture harm serious, therefore the research of the aspects such as the Reproductive development of aphid, life habit and Physiology and biochemistry is seemed particularly important, so just needs to propagate aphid artificially for experimental study.Traditional aphid feeding manner is raised with the fresh plant blade plucked in small-sized vessel, but the method needs constantly to change fresh blade to meet the normal growth breeding demand of aphid, and feeding process is more loaded down with trivial details.
Current existing a kind of cigarette aphid raising device (application number 201220579702.6) is although can realize raising aphid by plants, but this device cannot collect aphid simply and easily in feeding process, artificial capture method (general banister brush gets aphid from plant brush) can only be adopted, so not only easy aphid polypide to be damaged, affect the follow-up experimental study to aphid, and aphid escape is easily caused in capture-process, harm is produced to periphery plant.Meanwhile, disclosed device only devises a raising net cage, is not easy to the replacing of plants and the collection of aphid.Because in feeding process, plant can wither aging because of constantly sucking of aphid, so need constantly to change Fresh Plants to meet the growth demand of aphid.When opening net cage and changing plant, this device easily causes aphid escape and endanger periphery plant.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of parallel type aphid and raises and transfer device, aphid can be collected simply and easily in feeding process, both improve aphid collection efficiency, avoid the injury to aphid polypide, and parallel type design make use of the chemotaxis of insect in the utility model, make aphid on one's own initiative from withered plant to new plant fast transfer, can effectively preventing aphid escape when changing live plant simultaneously, having ensured ecological safety.
The utility model adopts following technical proposals:
A kind of parallel type aphid is raised and transfer device, two that are disposed adjacent before and after comprising identical rectangular box, the top board of each rectangular box is transparent panel, four side plates of each rectangular box are provided with gauze, wherein at least one side plate is slip side plate, two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate, and slip side plate is connected with box body-sliding; Two rectangular box contact surfaces are provided with sealing device and two rectangular box are connected by clamping apparatus; Two rectangular box side plate gauze except adjacent slip side plate is all connected with one end of communication apparatus, the other end of communication apparatus is connected with aphid gathering unit; The side of aphid gathering unit is provided with insect attraction lamp.
The base plate of described rectangular box is waterproof base plate.
A side plate is had at least to be fixed side in four side plates of described rectangular box, and the quantity of slip side plate and fixed side and be four.
Described communication apparatus is fixed on gauze by Elastic Cylindrical network interface, and the outlet of Elastic Cylindrical network interface is provided with bundle mouth rope.
Described aphid gathering unit adopts aphid collecting net, and the entrance of aphid collecting net is provided with bundle mouth rope.
Described communication apparatus is fixed on gauze by branch sleeve, and communication apparatus is threaded with branch sleeve, and branch sleeve is fixedly connected with the gauze of fixed side.
Described communication apparatus is divided into gauze tube connector, tipping tube and aphid gathering unit tube connector to form, gauze tube connector and aphid gathering unit tube connector are horizontally disposed with up and down, the first end of gauze tube connector is threaded with branch sleeve, second end of gauze tube connector is connected with the upper end of tipping tube, the lower end of tipping tube is connected with the first end of aphid gathering unit tube connector, and the second end and the aphid gathering unit of aphid gathering unit tube connector removably connect.
The first end upper surface of described gauze tube connector is provided with air intake vent, and air intake vent is connected with the air outlet of blower fan by air supply duct.
Described aphid gathering unit adopts aphid collecting net, and the front end of aphid collecting net is provided with thread bush, and aphid collecting net is connected with aphid gathering unit tube connector by thread bush, and the entrance of aphid collecting net is provided with bundle mouth rope.
Photoelectric detection system is provided with, the signal input part of the signal output part connection control device of photoelectric detection system, the signal output part control connection acoustic-optic alarm of controller in described tipping tube.
The rectangular box arranged in the utility model can provide good growth and breeding environment for plants and aphid, adopt transparent panel both to ensure as top board the photoenvironment that plants is good, be convenient to staff simultaneously and plants and aphid are observed.The gauze that four side plates of rectangular box are arranged can reach ventilated effect, and slip side plate is convenient to staff and is carried out associative operation.It is inner that communication apparatus enables the aphid in rectangular box enter into aphid gathering unit by communication apparatus, and insect attraction lamp can lure the aphid in rectangular box to enter in communication apparatus.The utility model not only increases the collection efficiency of aphid, and avoids the injury that existing collection method causes aphid polypide, can also effectively prevent aphid escape in collection process, thus ensures ecological safety.The utility model, by being used alternatingly two rectangular box, can effectively preventing aphid escape when changing live plant, having ensured ecological safety.Two rectangular box contact surfaces are provided with sealing device and two rectangular box are connected by clamping apparatus; Sealing device can ensure the airtight connection of two rectangular box, avoids aphid to escape; Clamping apparatus can realize removably connecting of two rectangular box and can ensure the firm connection of two rectangular box.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of communication apparatus in embodiment 2.
Embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, parallel type aphid described in the utility model is raised and transfer device, comprising the mutually isostructural rectangular box that two front and back are disposed adjacent, for placing plants, can provide good growth and breeding environment for plants and aphid.The top board of each rectangular box is transparent panel 1, has both ensured the photoenvironment that plants is good, is convenient to staff simultaneously and observes plants and aphid.Four side plates of each rectangular box are provided with gauze 2, and the area of side plate shared by gauze 2 can be determined according to actual user demand, to reach ventilated effect.Have at least a side plate to be slip side plate 3 in four side plates of rectangular box, slip side plate 3 is connected with box body-sliding, is convenient to staff and carries out associative operation.Two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate 3, two rectangular box contact surfaces and are provided with sealing device and two rectangular box are connected by clamping apparatus; Sealing device can adopt sealing strip 14, can ensure the airtight connection of two rectangular box, avoid aphid to escape; Clamping apparatus can adopt buckle 15, can realize removably connecting and can ensureing the firm connection of two rectangular box of two rectangular box.The gauze 2 of the side plate of two rectangular box except adjacent slip side plate 3 is connected with one end of communication apparatus 4, the other end of communication apparatus 4 is connected with aphid gathering unit 5.The side of aphid gathering unit 5 is provided with insect attraction lamp 6.Communication apparatus 4 is for forming connected space by rectangular box and aphid gathering unit 5, so that the aphid in rectangular box can enter into aphid gathering unit 5 inside by communication apparatus 4.Insect attraction lamp 6 can lure the aphid in rectangular box to enter in communication apparatus 4.The combination of communication apparatus 4, insect attraction lamp 6 and aphid gathering unit 5 not only increases the collection efficiency of aphid, and avoid the injury that existing collection method causes aphid polypide, can also effectively prevent aphid escape in collection process, thus ensure ecological safety.
In the utility model, the side plate 3 of sliding in four side plates of rectangular box can be determined according to actual user demand with the quantity of fixed side, and the quantity of slip side plate 3 and fixed side and be four.Have at least a side plate to be slip side plate 3 in four side plates, be convenient to staff and carry out associative operation; A side plate is had at least to be fixed side in four side plates, to ensure the stability of rectangular box.The base plate of rectangular box is waterproof base plate, waterproof base plate is also provided with the pallet for being filled with water, for plant provides the moisture needed for growth.Aphid gathering unit 5 can adopt aphid collecting net, and aphid collecting net and gauze 2 are 120 order ~ 140 orders, can effectively prevent aphid from escaping.
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is further detailed:
Embodiment 1.
Two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate 3, and the side plate adjacent with slip side plate 3 is fixed side; Remain two side plates and can be slip side plate and/or fixed side.Communication apparatus 4 is fixed on the gauze 2 of fixed side by Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7, Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7 comprises the annular opening fixing with gauze 2 and the elastic joint part for being connected annular opening and communication apparatus 4, and the outlet of Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7 and elastic joint part place are provided with bundle mouth rope.Aphid gathering unit 5 adopts aphid collecting net, and the entrance of aphid collecting net is provided with bundle mouth rope, and entrance and the communication apparatus 4 of aphid collecting net are connected by zipper.
During use, in the first rectangular box, put into fresh plants, access aphid, closes slip side plate 3, and tightens the bundle mouth rope of Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7 exit setting, and escaping to prevent aphid threatens ecological safety.Raising after 1 ~ 2 week, when needing the plants more renewed, first new plants being put into the second rectangular box, and tighten the bundle mouth rope of Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7 exit setting; Then buckle 15 is utilized to connect before and after two rectangular box, and ensure that two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate 3, now the sealing strip 14 of two rectangular box contact surface settings can ensure the airtight connection of two rectangular box, avoids aphid to escape.Open the slip side plate 3 of two rectangular box more simultaneously.After this, the aphid in the first casing is by the fresh healthy and strong plant that migrates to from the plant of aging atrophy successively in the second rectangular box.After treating most aphids migration, the slip side plate 3 of two rectangular box is closed simultaneously, and unclamps the buckle 15 between two rectangular box.Finally the residual aphid in the first rectangular box thoroughly killed and cleaned out by casing, avoiding aphid escape and endanger periphery plant.New plant, when changing Fresh Plants, is put into the first rectangular box by next time, then repeats aforesaid operations.The rotation of the first rectangular box and the second rectangular box uses and can effectively prevent aphid escape, has ensured ecological safety.
When observing aphis population density ratio and being larger, start to collect aphid.First utilize communication apparatus 4 connecting cylinder shape elasticity network interface 7 and aphid collecting net when collecting aphid, untie the bundle mouth rope of Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7 exit setting and the bundle mouth rope of aphid collecting net porch setting simultaneously, and turn on insect attraction lamp 6.Insect attraction lamp 6 can send the very responsive light of insect, thus it is inner to lure the aphid in rectangular box to enter into communication apparatus 4 by Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7, finally enters in aphid collecting net along communication apparatus 4.When after the aphid of collecting some in aphid collecting net, close insect attraction lamp 6, again tighten the bundle mouth rope of Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7 exit setting and the bundle mouth rope of aphid collecting net porch setting, then Elastic Cylindrical network interface 7 and aphid collecting net are separated with communication apparatus 4.Next time, when collecting aphid, only need change new aphid collecting net, repeats aforesaid operations.
Embodiment 2.
Two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate 3, and the side plate adjacent with slip side plate 3 is fixed side; Remain two side plates and can be slip side plate and/or fixed side.Communication apparatus 4 is fixed on the gauze 2 of fixed side by branch sleeve 8, communication apparatus 4 is threaded with branch sleeve 8, branch sleeve 8 is fixedly connected with the gauze 2 of fixed side, be provided with flap shutter 9 in branch sleeve 8, conducting and the closedown of branch sleeve 8 can be realized by rotary motion baffle plate 9.As shown in Figure 2, in the present embodiment, communication apparatus 4 is made up of the gauze tube connector 10 be wholely set, tipping tube 11 and aphid gathering unit tube connector 12, gauze tube connector 10 and aphid gathering unit tube connector about 12 are horizontally disposed with, the first end of gauze tube connector 10 is threaded with branch sleeve 8, second end of gauze tube connector 10 is connected with the upper end of tipping tube 11, the lower end of tipping tube 11 is connected with the first end of aphid gathering unit tube connector 12, and the second end and the aphid gathering unit 5 of aphid gathering unit tube connector 12 removably connect.The first end upper surface of gauze tube connector 10 is provided with air intake vent 13, and air intake vent 13 is connected with the air outlet of blower fan by air supply duct.Aphid gathering unit 5 adopts aphid collecting net, and the front end of aphid collecting net is provided with thread bush, and aphid collecting net is connected with aphid gathering unit tube connector 12 by thread bush, and the entrance of aphid collecting net is provided with bundle mouth rope.Photoelectric detection system is provided with, the signal input part of the signal output part connection control device of photoelectric detection system, the signal output part control connection acoustic-optic alarm of controller in tipping tube 11.Whether photoelectric detection system can adopt the many groups Photoelectric Detection pipe evenly arranged to outlet along tipping tube 11 entrance, have aphid to enter for detecting in tipping tube 11.When photoelectric detection system detect there is aphid in tipping tube 11 time, controller controls acoustic-optic alarm work.
During use, in the first rectangular box, put into fresh plants, access aphid, closes slip side plate 3, and rotates the flap shutter 9 arranged in the branch sleeve 8 of the first rectangular box, and branch sleeve 8 is closed, and escaping to prevent aphid threatens ecological safety.Raise after 1 ~ 2 week, when needing the plants more renewed, first new plants is put into the second rectangular box, and rotate the flap shutter 9 arranged in the branch sleeve 8 of the second rectangular box, branch sleeve 8 is closed, and escaping to prevent aphid threatens ecological safety.Then buckle 15 is utilized to connect before and after two rectangular box, and ensure that two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate 3, now the sealing strip 14 of two rectangular box contact surface settings can ensure the airtight connection of two rectangular box, avoids aphid to escape.Open the slip side plate 3 of two rectangular box more simultaneously.After this, the aphid in the first casing is by the fresh healthy and strong plant that migrates to from the plant of aging atrophy successively in the second rectangular box.After treating most aphids migration, the slip side plate 3 of two rectangular box is closed simultaneously, and unclamps the buckle 15 between two rectangular box.Finally the residual aphid in the first rectangular box thoroughly killed and cleaned out by casing, avoiding aphid escape and endanger periphery plant.New plant, when changing Fresh Plants, is put into the first rectangular box by next time, then repeats aforesaid operations.The rotation of the first rectangular box and the second rectangular box uses and can effectively prevent aphid escape, has ensured ecological safety.
When observing aphis population density ratio and being larger, start to collect aphid.First communication apparatus 4 is utilized to connect aphid collecting net and branch sleeve 8 when collecting aphid, be rotatably connected the interior flap shutter 9 arranged of sleeve 8 simultaneously, make branch sleeve 8 conducting, and untie the bundle mouth rope of aphid collecting net porch setting, finally turn on insect attraction lamp 6.Insect attraction lamp 6 can send the very responsive light of insect, thus it is inner to lure the aphid in rectangular box to enter into communication apparatus 4 by branch sleeve 8, finally enters in aphid collecting net along communication apparatus 4.When after the aphid of collecting some in aphid collecting net, close insect attraction lamp 6, again be rotatably connected the interior flap shutter 9 arranged of sleeve 8, branch sleeve 8 is closed, and tighten the bundle mouth rope of aphid collecting net porch setting, then branch sleeve 8 and aphid collecting net are separated with communication apparatus 4.Next time, when collecting aphid, only need change new aphid collecting net, repeats aforesaid operations.
In the present embodiment, in tipping tube 11, be provided with photoelectric detection system, can detect in real time in tipping tube 11 and whether have aphid to enter.When photoelectric detection system detect there is aphid in tipping tube 11 time, controller controls acoustic-optic alarm work, also there is aphid in prompting staff tipping tube 11, causes aphid escape to avoid staff due to carelessness.The air intake vent 13 that gauze tube connector 10 first end upper surface is arranged, can be introduced the flowing gas of speed well, utilize wind-force forced conveyance in aphid collecting net the aphid that communication apparatus 4 inside is retained, improve collection efficiency from blower fan by air supply duct.

Claims (10)

1. a parallel type aphid is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: the rectangular box that two structures be disposed adjacent before and after comprising are identical, the top board of each rectangular box is transparent panel, four side plates of each rectangular box are provided with gauze, wherein at least one side plate is slip side plate, two side plates that two rectangular box are adjacent are slip side plate, and slip side plate is connected with box body-sliding; Two rectangular box contact surfaces are provided with sealing device and two rectangular box are connected by clamping apparatus; Two rectangular box side plate gauze except adjacent slip side plate is all connected with one end of communication apparatus, the other end of communication apparatus is connected with aphid gathering unit; The side of aphid gathering unit is provided with insect attraction lamp.
2. parallel type aphid according to claim 1 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: the base plate of described rectangular box is waterproof base plate.
3. parallel type aphid according to claim 2 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: have at least a side plate to be fixed side in four side plates of described rectangular box, and the quantity of slip side plate and fixed side and be four.
4. parallel type aphid according to claim 3 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: described communication apparatus is fixed on gauze by Elastic Cylindrical network interface, and the outlet of Elastic Cylindrical network interface is provided with bundle mouth rope.
5. parallel type aphid according to claim 4 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: described aphid gathering unit adopts aphid collecting net, and the entrance of aphid collecting net is provided with bundle mouth rope.
6. parallel type aphid according to claim 3 is raised and transfer device, and it is characterized in that: described communication apparatus is fixed on gauze by branch sleeve, and communication apparatus is threaded with branch sleeve, branch sleeve is fixedly connected with the gauze of fixed side.
7. parallel type aphid according to claim 6 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: described communication apparatus is divided into gauze tube connector, tipping tube and aphid gathering unit tube connector to form, gauze tube connector and aphid gathering unit tube connector are horizontally disposed with up and down, the first end of gauze tube connector is threaded with branch sleeve, second end of gauze tube connector is connected with the upper end of tipping tube, the lower end of tipping tube is connected with the first end of aphid gathering unit tube connector, and the second end and the aphid gathering unit of aphid gathering unit tube connector removably connect.
8. parallel type aphid according to claim 7 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: the first end upper surface of described gauze tube connector is provided with air intake vent, and air intake vent is connected with the air outlet of blower fan by air supply duct.
9. parallel type aphid according to claim 8 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: described aphid gathering unit adopts aphid collecting net, the front end of aphid collecting net is provided with thread bush, aphid collecting net is connected with aphid gathering unit tube connector by thread bush, and the entrance of aphid collecting net is provided with bundle mouth rope.
10. parallel type aphid according to claim 9 is raised and transfer device, it is characterized in that: in described tipping tube, be provided with photoelectric detection system, the signal input part of the signal output part connection control device of photoelectric detection system, the signal output part control connection acoustic-optic alarm of controller.
CN201520261351.8U 2015-04-28 2015-04-28 A kind of parallel type aphid is raised and transfer device Active CN204579576U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782580A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-07-22 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Parallel type aphis feeding and transferring device and method for transferring and collecting aphides

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782580A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-07-22 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Parallel type aphis feeding and transferring device and method for transferring and collecting aphides

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