CN204563740U - A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement - Google Patents

A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204563740U
CN204563740U CN201520232260.1U CN201520232260U CN204563740U CN 204563740 U CN204563740 U CN 204563740U CN 201520232260 U CN201520232260 U CN 201520232260U CN 204563740 U CN204563740 U CN 204563740U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylindrical shell
feed liquor
bypass line
precoating
adapter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520232260.1U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
霍立强
黄艳萍
万钢
赵玉薇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tianjin E Tech Energy Technology Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tianjin E Tech Energy Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin E Tech Energy Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Tianjin E Tech Energy Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520232260.1U priority Critical patent/CN204563740U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204563740U publication Critical patent/CN204563740U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement, comprise cylindrical shell, the top of cylindrical shell is provided with evacuation port, feed liquor adapter B and intake interface, the bottom of cylindrical shell is provided with waste discharge mouth, the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with feed liquor adapter A and fluid adapter near the position of lower end, the filter assemblies be made up of multiple filter core and drain line is provided with in cylindrical shell, bypass line A and bypass line B is provided with outside cylindrical shell, two pipelines are respectively equipped with circulating pump A and circulating pump B, the two ends of bypass line A are connected with feed liquor adapter A and drain line respectively, form precoating peripheral passage; The outer end that the two ends of bypass line B are taken over outer end and the fluid of feed liquor adapter B is respectively connected, and forms discharge opeing peripheral passage; Position near top in cylindrical shell is provided with the spray equipment be connected with the inner of feed liquor adapter B; Intake interface is connected with the air inlet pipeline be located at outside cylindrical shell, and air inlet pipeline is connected with extraneous nitrogen feeder, forms gas charging system.This device makes pre-coating solution by discharging tube Self-discharged, enhances precoating effect.

Description

A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement
Technical field
The utility model relates to the processing technology field of granule foreign in the crude oil of underground extraction or natural gas, and particularly a kind of precoating is put from process formula particle filtering.
Background technology
General all with a large amount of impurity and microorganism in the former oil and gas of underground extraction, also have a large amount of drilling fluids early stage and easily form the free shape ion precipitated, burn into blocking can be carried out to pipeline in actual production process, wearing and tearing are caused to equipment, product quality is polluted, bring difficulty and challenge to on-the-spot and land treatment plant and refinery factory production, therefore, purified treatment must be carried out at platform field to the oil gas from shaft bottom extraction.In addition, the recycling of some easily-consumed products can be related at some process procedure, but in the material after these uses, also adulterate much impurity, just need impurity and the ion removing easily forming precipitation in this link.
For a long time, the solid granulates in oilfield surface engineering mainly realizes being separated with centrifuging treatment with filtration treatment.And the ion easily forming precipitation filters after mainly adding medicament formation precipitation and interpolation inhibitor processes.This conventional treatment method ubiquity main equipment is many, floor space is large, construction costs is high, flow process is not airtight, system pressure utilizes the problems such as insufficient, although the temporary formation that inhibit precipitation of the use of chemical agent, still also exists unfavorable factor to the process in later stage.
Particle filtering technology be utilize the highly stable sorbing material of physics and chemistry character to be attached to filter core filter cloth on form cake layer, realize in gas or the technology that in liquid, granule foreign filters.Particle filtering technology is high with filter efficiency, strainability easily regulates, high temperature resistant, high pressure resistant, expansion strong, can realize the advantages such as online process simultaneously and day by day cause the extensive concern of International Petroleum Engineering circle, in crude oil desanding, except fine particle impurity and process and easily consume the bright prospects that all to there is feasibility in Technological Economy and engineer applied in liquids recovery and sewage purification etc.
At present, common particulate filter arrangement in prior art, see accompanying drawing 2, comprise cylindrical shell 1, the top of cylindrical shell is provided with evacuation port 110, the bottom of cylindrical shell is provided with waste discharge mouth 120, is provided with and connects by discharging tube 220 filter assemblies 2 formed by multiple filter core 210 in cylindrical shell, discharging tube extends to the outside of cylindrical shell, the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with near the position of bottom into/discharging tube 3 ,be provided with in the outside of cylindrical shell respectively by three-way connection with enter/bypass line the A4 that is connected of the outer end of discharging tube and the outer end of discharging tube, bypass line A is provided with circulating pump A5, on bypass line A, enter/outer end position of discharging tube and the outer end of discharging tube all establish valve, is connected to form precoating peripheral passage like this by cylindrical shell and bypass line A.
Above-mentioned particulate filter arrangement is before carrying out crude oil or natural gas filtering, first the precoating of cake layer will be completed on the filter cloth of filter core, detailed process is: first open the valve into/drain line outer end position, make the valve of the valve on bypass line A and discharging tube outer end position be in simultaneously and close shape body, make like this pre-coating solution containing precoating material from entering/comb enters in cylindrical shell, be full of after cylindrical shell until pre-coating solution, close into/the valve of drain line outer end position and the evacuation port at cylindrical shell top; Then the valve on bypass line A and circulating pump A is opened, the pre-coating solution entered in cylindrical shell is circulated in the precoating peripheral passage connected and composed by cylindrical shell and bypass line A, in the process of pre-coating solution circulation, precoating material is attached to the outer of filter core gradually and wraps up on filter cloth, after the precoating of certain hour, filter cloth forms the uniform cake layer be made up of precoating material.After cake layer precoating completes, valve closing on circulating pump A and bypass line A, open the valve into/discharging tube outer end position, like this, under gravity, the pre-coating solution in cylindrical shell through entering/outlet of drain line discharges, next after the cake layer mummification on filter core, just oil to be filtered or natural gas via can be entered/drain line is injected in cylindrical shell, carries out the filtration of granule foreign.
Above-mentioned particulate filter arrangement is the process that pre-coating solution is discharged in cylindrical shell, the part precoating particulate matter be attached on filter cloth can separate along with current are descending, and discharges along with pre-coating solution simultaneously, like this, just significantly reduce precoating effect, then have impact on filter efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of and strengthens cake layer adhesive force, strengthens precoating effect for solving in known technology the technical problem that exists, thus the precoating improving filter efficiency is from process formula particulate filter arrangement.
The technical scheme that the utility model is taked for the technical problem existed in solution known technology is:
A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement, comprise the cylindrical shell be vertically supported on support body, the top of cylindrical shell is provided with evacuation port, the bottom of cylindrical shell is provided with waste discharge mouth, be provided with in cylindrical shell and connect by drain line the filter assemblies formed by multiple filter core, drain line extends to cylindrical shell outside, and the position near bottom on the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with the feed liquor adapter A extend in cylindrical shell, bypass line A is provided with outside cylindrical shell, bypass line A is provided with circulating pump A, the two ends of bypass line A are connected with feed liquor adapter A and drain line respectively by three-way connection, form precoating peripheral passage, on bypass line A, the outer end position of feed liquor adapter A and the outer end position of drain line are all provided with valve, it is characterized in that: on the sidewall of cylindrical shell, be also provided with the fluid adapter extend in cylindrical shell near the position of bottom, the feed liquor adapter B extend in cylindrical shell is provided with at the top of cylindrical shell, bypass line B is also provided with outward at cylindrical shell, bypass line B is provided with circulating pump B and valve, the outer end that the two ends of bypass line B are taken over outer end and the fluid of feed liquor adapter B is respectively connected, form discharge opeing peripheral passage, position near top in cylindrical shell is provided with the spray equipment be connected with the inner of feed liquor adapter B, also be provided with intake interface at the top of cylindrical shell, intake interface is connected with the air inlet pipeline be arranged on outside cylindrical shell, and air inlet pipeline is connected with extraneous nitrogen feeder, forms gas charging system, air inlet pipeline is provided with valve.
The technical scheme that the utility model can also be taked is:
At cylindrical shell, the liquid level gauge that can detect liquid level in cylindrical shell is also installed outward.
Feed liquor adapter A is positioned at the part that the part of cylindrical shell and fluid adapter be positioned at cylindrical shell and is equipped with downward elbow structure.
The advantage that the utility model has and good effect are:
This particulate filter arrangement is by setting up above-mentioned discharge opeing peripheral passage and gas charging system, under both cooperations, make the pressure reduction that the inside and outside formation of filter core is certain, this pressure reduction makes pre-coating solution enter in filter cylinder by cake layer, filter layer of cloth on the one hand, eventually through discharging tube Self-discharged, thus form a kind of draining mode being different from prior art; On the other hand this pressure reduction is applied to the cake layer that formed by precoating material towards the pressure of filter core inside, due to the effect of this pressure, has increased substantially the adhesive force of cake layer on filter core, thus has enhanced precoating effect, and then improve filter efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of existing particulate filter arrangement.
In figure: 1, cylindrical shell; 110, evacuation port; 120, waste discharge mouth; 130, intake interface; 2, filter assemblies; 210, filter core; 220, drain line; 3, feed liquor adapter A; 3 ,, enter/discharging tube; 4, bypass line A; 5, circulating pump A; 6, fluid adapter; 7, feed liquor adapter B; 8, bypass line B; 9, circulating pump B; 10, spray equipment; 11, air inlet pipeline; 12, liquid level gauge.
Detailed description of the invention
For summary of the invention of the present utility model, Characteristic can be understood further, hereby exemplify following examples, and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows:
Refer to Fig. 1, a kind of precoating, from process formula particulate filter arrangement, comprises the cylindrical shell 1 be vertically supported on support body.Cylindrical shell adopts the tube structure on existing particulate filter arrangement, concrete, and the main body of cylindrical shell is cylinder-like structure, and the upper end of cylindrical shell is that circular arc binds, and form cylinder top, the lower end part of cylindrical shell is conical head structure, is formed at the bottom of cylinder.Be provided with evacuation port 110 at the top of cylindrical shell, the bottom of cylindrical shell is provided with waste discharge mouth 120.Evacuation port and waste discharge mouth, under this particle device is in different duties, all can be opened or close.Be provided with in cylindrical shell and connect by drain line 220 filter assemblies 2 formed by multiple filter core 210, drain line extends to cylindrical shell outside.Concrete, each filter core is made up of the filter cloth of filter cylinder and parcel filter cylinder, and the drain side of each filter cylinder is all communicated with drain line, makes multiple filter core be formed and connect like this.Position near bottom on the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with the feed liquor adapter A3 extend in cylindrical shell.Outside cylindrical shell, be provided with bypass line A4, bypass line A is provided with circulating pump A5, the two ends of bypass line A are connected with feed liquor adapter A and drain line respectively by three-way connection, form precoating peripheral passage.On bypass line A, the outer end position of feed liquor adapter A and the outer end position of drain line be all provided with valve.Position near bottom on the sidewall of cylindrical shell is also provided with the fluid adapter 6 extend in cylindrical shell, the feed liquor adapter B7 extend in cylindrical shell is provided with at the top of cylindrical shell, bypass line B8 is also provided with outward at cylindrical shell, bypass line B is provided with circulating pump B9 and valve, the outer end that the two ends of bypass line B are taken over outer end and the fluid of feed liquor adapter B is respectively connected, and forms discharge opeing peripheral passage.Position near top in cylindrical shell is provided with the spray equipment 10 be connected with the inner of feed liquor adapter B.Be provided with intake interface 130 at the top of cylindrical shell, intake interface is connected with the air inlet pipeline 11 be arranged on outside cylindrical shell, and air inlet pipeline is connected with extraneous nitrogen feeder, forms gas charging system, air inlet pipeline is provided with valve.
In said structure, at cylindrical shell, the liquid level gauge 12 that can detect liquid level in cylindrical shell is also installed outward, concrete, liquid level gauge is arranged on the wall outer surface of cylindrical shell, the inner chamber of itself and cylindrical shell forms connected state, discharge at pre-coating solution like this in the process of cylindrical shell, the surplus of pre-coating solution in cylindrical shell just can be checked easily by liquid level gauge, when the surplus of pre-coating solution reaches lower limit position, circulating pump B can be closed in time, thus discharge opeing peripheral passage is cut off, and then avoid liquid and blot and the damage causing circulating pump B, it also avoid and damage is to a certain degree caused to the cake layer that filter core coats in advance.
In said structure, feed liquor adapter A is positioned at the part that the part of cylindrical shell and fluid adapter be positioned at cylindrical shell and is all preferably downward elbow structure.Effectively can avoid the deposition of the precoating material in pre-coating solution like this.
This precoating needs the precoating first completing cake layer from process formula particulate filter arrangement before to crude oil or natural gas filtering, and detailed process is:
First the valve of feed liquor adapter A outer end position is opened, make other valves on this particulate filter arrangement be in simultaneously and close shape body, the pre-coating solution containing precoating material is made to enter in cylindrical shell from feed liquor adapter A like this, be full of after cylindrical shell until pre-coating solution, close the valve of feed liquor adapter A outer end position and the evacuation port at cylindrical shell top, then the valve on bypass line A and circulating pump A is opened, the pre-coating solution entered in cylindrical shell is circulated in the precoating peripheral passage connected and composed by cylindrical shell and bypass line A, in the process of pre-coating solution circulation, precoating material is attached to the outer of filter core gradually and wraps up on filter cloth, after the precoating of certain hour, filter cloth forms the uniform cake layer be made up of precoating material, then the valve on circulating pump A and bypass line A is closed, and ON cycle pump B, the valve of the valve on bypass line B and drain line outer end position, like this, pre-coating solution in cylindrical shell is under the effect of circulating pump B, be inhaled in bypass line B by the bottom of cylindrical shell, then enter in spray equipment, sprayed away uniformly through the top of mouth spray in cylindrical shell of spray equipment, form a stable circulation, valve afterwards on unlatching air inlet pipeline gradually, nitrogen is made to enter in cylindrical shell, there is imbalance state in the stable circulation before under the effect of nitrogen, pre-coating solution moves to one end that pressure is low gradually, the cake layer of such pre-coating solution gradually by being made up of precoating material, filter layer of cloth, enter in filter cylinder, and be discharged to outside cylindrical shell by drain line, thus achieve the Self-discharged process after pre-coating solution precoating.
After pre-coating solution is discharged in cylindrical shell, close the valve on circulating pump B and bypass line B, and particles at rest filter one end time, make the precoating material mummification be attached on filter cloth, then, crude oil containing granule foreign or natural gas are imported in cylindrical shell from above-mentioned feed liquor adapter A, along with constantly carrying out of operation, fine particle impurity can be attached on the cake layer that is made up of precoating material, and oil after filtering or natural gas are discharged by above-mentioned drain line, thus achieve the filtration of crude oil or natural gas.When being adsorbed on the granule foreign on cake layer and being more, liquid or gas circulation can be caused not freely, so just there will be obvious liquid inlet volume and reduce or the larger phenomenon of inlet outlet pressure differential.In this case, just need the filtration stopping crude oil or natural gas, ventilated, utilize air pressure that filter layer of cloth is expanded by drain line in cylindrical shell, the cake layer be attached to like this on filter cloth is just separated gradually, and is discharged by the waste discharge mouth of cylinder body bottom.

Claims (3)

1. a precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement, comprise the cylindrical shell be vertically supported on support body, the top of cylindrical shell is provided with evacuation port, the bottom of cylindrical shell is provided with waste discharge mouth, be provided with in cylindrical shell and connect by drain line the filter assemblies formed by multiple filter core, drain line extends to cylindrical shell outside, and the position near bottom on the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with the feed liquor adapter A extend in cylindrical shell, bypass line A is provided with outside cylindrical shell, bypass line A is provided with circulating pump A, the two ends of bypass line A are connected with feed liquor adapter A and drain line respectively by three-way connection, form precoating peripheral passage, on bypass line A, the outer end position of feed liquor adapter A and the outer end position of drain line are all provided with valve, it is characterized in that: on the sidewall of cylindrical shell, be also provided with the fluid adapter extend in cylindrical shell near the position of bottom, the feed liquor adapter B extend in cylindrical shell is provided with at the top of cylindrical shell, bypass line B is also provided with outward at cylindrical shell, bypass line B is provided with circulating pump B and valve, the outer end that the two ends of bypass line B are taken over outer end and the fluid of feed liquor adapter B is respectively connected, form discharge opeing peripheral passage, position near top in cylindrical shell is provided with the spray equipment be connected with the inner of feed liquor adapter B, also be provided with intake interface at the top of cylindrical shell, intake interface is connected with the air inlet pipeline be arranged on outside cylindrical shell, and air inlet pipeline is connected with extraneous nitrogen feeder, forms gas charging system, air inlet pipeline is provided with valve.
2. precoating according to claim 1 is from process formula particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that: be also provided with the liquid level gauge that can detect liquid level in cylindrical shell outward at cylindrical shell.
3. precoating according to claim 1 is from process formula particulate filter arrangement, it is characterized in that: feed liquor adapter A is positioned at the part of cylindrical shell and fluid and takes over the part being positioned at cylindrical shell and be equipped with downward elbow structure.
CN201520232260.1U 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement Expired - Fee Related CN204563740U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520232260.1U CN204563740U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520232260.1U CN204563740U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204563740U true CN204563740U (en) 2015-08-19

Family

ID=53856435

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520232260.1U Expired - Fee Related CN204563740U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204563740U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109260822A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-01-25 石家庄通过滤器设备制造有限公司 A kind of anti-cleaning filter

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109260822A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-01-25 石家庄通过滤器设备制造有限公司 A kind of anti-cleaning filter
CN109260822B (en) * 2018-11-02 2021-05-07 石家庄一通过滤器设备制造有限公司 Back-cleaning filter

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103566642B (en) Filter element type automatic backwash filtering device and process
CN204563740U (en) A kind of precoating is from process formula particulate filter arrangement
CN201381332Y (en) Pulverized-coal filtering and cleaning device
CN204710027U (en) A kind of multistage ash purifying device in industry
CN202143789U (en) Crystal catcher
CN205635174U (en) Full -automatic water purifier
CN202892984U (en) Oil-gas-water-sand separation device
CN105597377B (en) A kind of three-phase separating device under the conditions of with pressure
CN107694187A (en) A kind of filter being convenient to clean
CN104436778B (en) Large Scale and Continuous automatic sand filter
CN203886361U (en) Rubber powder water spin splitting removal device
CN111841227A (en) High-pressure fine cyclone filtering and desanding system
CN207356717U (en) A kind of groundwater reservoir drainage system
CN207253810U (en) A kind of aromatics absorption Simulation moving bed
CN206927631U (en) A kind of backpulsing multi-medium filtering device
CN205199074U (en) External flue gas desulfurization tower filter
CN205461158U (en) A three -phase separation device for taking under layering spare
CN206334467U (en) A kind of lock hopper pressure release gas purification dust removal system
CN204276149U (en) A kind of lubrication oil filtration machine
CN201791411U (en) Discontinuous flow differential pressure backwashing filter
CN205047209U (en) Natural gas well initial stage open flow gas recovery unit
CN103961933A (en) Filtering sand settling tank
CN208348561U (en) Open slagging-off jettison gear
CN203724910U (en) Dust separator and dust separation system provided with same
CN203777802U (en) Filtering sand sedimentation tank

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150819

Termination date: 20210416