CN204558163U - Lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator - Google Patents

Lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204558163U
CN204558163U CN201520208493.8U CN201520208493U CN204558163U CN 204558163 U CN204558163 U CN 204558163U CN 201520208493 U CN201520208493 U CN 201520208493U CN 204558163 U CN204558163 U CN 204558163U
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China
Prior art keywords
lightning arrester
lightning
insulating sublayer
sub
ice
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CN201520208493.8U
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蒋正龙
陆佳政
吴伟
赵纯
胡建平
方针
李波
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Hunan Electric Power Co Ltd
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Center of State Grid Hunan Electric Power Co Ltd
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Hunan Electric Power Co Ltd
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Center of State Grid Hunan Electric Power Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator, comprise a lightning arrester and two stand insulators, lightning arrester and insulating sublayer connect into an inverted Y-shaped overall structure by connecting plate gold utensil, and the two stand insulators being positioned at inverted Y-shaped overall structure lower end all arrange arcing horn.The utility model can realize the two-in-one of lightning protection and anti-ice-flashing function, and original tower window construction dimensional requirement that is content with very little, do not affect the performances such as the windage yaw of circuit, lightning protection, do not affect insulation property after lightning discharge, insulator dielectric intensity is high, the life-span is long, and shaft tower only needs a hanging point, simple installation, do not need to change tower structure, thus reduce investment outlay, reduce maintenance cost.

Description

Lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator
Technical field
The utility model relates to electrical engineering technical field, particularly relates to a kind of composite insulator with lightning protection anti-ice-flashing function, and this insulator is applicable to easily send out ice damage and the ultra-high-tension power transmission line of multi-thunder area.
Background technology
In recent years, along with developing rapidly of Chinese society economy and power construction, ultra-high-tension power transmission line sets up that some are with a varied topography, the high and cold mountain area of very cold more.In the area that these geographical environments are special, when meeting bad weather, transmission line is easy to icing flashover or lightning stroke flashover occur and causes trip accident, has a strong impact on the safe and stable operation of transmission line power transmission and electrical network.
At present for icing flashover, there is the method adopting and increase umbrella footpath and umbrella spacing, enrich umbrella structure of composite insulator, the electric property of composite insulator icing flashover can be improved to a certain extent; For lightning stroke flashover, except erection lightning conducter, reduce except the traditional measures such as pole tower ground resistance, in recent years risen violent at lightening activity, soil resistivity is high, the electric power line pole tower of regions with complex terrain installs the method for leakage conductor additional.But these methods all also exist anti-icing or lightning protection function is single, need to increase the problems such as new fixture on original shaft tower, there is the shortcoming that erection difficulty is large and construction cost is high, and leakage conductor length is longer than common insulator, comprise at present domestic developed 220kV lightning protection, anti-icing insulator, can only install on indivedual shaft tower, what meet original most shaft tower tower window size requires great difficulty, the simultaneously insulator length increase technical requirements such as also effect string transportation work style is inclined.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model to bear the deficiency of the aspect existence such as line insulation subfunction, lightning arrester and composite insulator combine and significantly add insulator length, be difficult to meet window size requirement, insulating segment electric discharge also easily damaged insulator surface insulation property and length to increase effect string transportation work style inclined, the problems such as lightning protection properties, propose a kind ofly to realize the two-in-one of lightning protection and anti-ice-flashing function, and original tower window construction dimensional requirement that is content with very little, do not affect the windage yaw of circuit, the performances such as lightning protection, insulation property are not affected after lightning discharge, insulator dielectric intensity is high, life-span is long, shaft tower only needs a hanging point, simple installation, do not need to change tower structure, thus reduce investment outlay, reduce the lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator of maintenance cost.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model proposes is:
Lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator, comprises a lightning arrester and two stand insulators, and described lightning arrester and insulating sublayer connect into an inverted Y-shaped overall structure by connecting plate gold utensil, and the two stand insulators being positioned at inverted Y-shaped overall structure lower end all arrange arcing horn.
Further improvement as to technique scheme:
Preferably, described lightning arrester comprises lightning arrester plug, it is arranged with a lightning arrester sleeve, lightning arrester bush outer sleeve is provided with lightning arrester compound umbrella cover, the upper end of lightning arrester compound umbrella cover is provided with lightning arrester upper end cover and arrester grading ring, lower end is provided with lightning arrester bottom end cover and arrester grading ring, on lightning arrester plug, the metal oxide valve block of stacked setting is arranged with in lightning arrester sleeve, lightning arrester plug between metal oxide valve block and lightning arrester upper end cover is arranged with spring and compresses metal oxide valve block, lightning arrester plug upper end is stamped one for hanging over the lightning arrester bowl head gold utensil on cross arm of tower, lower end is connected with described connecting plate gold utensil by lightning arrester connecting rod, the arrester grading ring being positioned at lightning arrester compound umbrella cover lower end is also affixed with connecting plate gold utensil.
Preferably, described insulating sublayer attached bag draws together the sub-plug of insulating sublayer, it is arranged with the sub-compound umbrella cover of insulating sublayer, the two ends of insulating sublayer compound umbrella cover all connect the sub-grading ring of an insulating sublayer, the sub-grading ring of each insulating sublayer all connects the arcing horn described in, the upper end of the sub-plug of insulating sublayer is connected with described connecting plate gold utensil by insulating sublayer sub-connection bar, an insulating sublayer bulbec head gold utensil for connecting with wire is stamped in lower end, and the sub-grading ring of insulating sublayer being positioned at insulating sublayer compound umbrella cover upper end is also affixed with connecting plate gold utensil.
Preferably, described lightning arrester compound umbrella cover and the sub-compound umbrella cover of insulating sublayer all have the full skirt that umbrella footpath varies in size, and the full skirt varied in size is crisscross arranged.
Preferably, described connecting plate gold utensil is provided with three for plugging the slot of lightning arrester connecting rod and insulating sublayer sub-connection bar, and each slot place is equipped with two jacks and for coordinating the latch of fixed connecting rod with jack.
Preferably, described metal oxide valve block is loop configuration, and lightning arrester plug inserts in the centre bore of loop configuration.
Preferably, described arcing horn is stainless steel stub.
Preferably, described lightning arrester sleeve is epoxy glass fiber cylinder, and lightning arrester plug and the sub-plug of insulating sublayer are epoxy glass fiber rod.
Preferably, described arrester grading ring and the sub-grading ring of insulating sublayer are made up of aluminum or aluminum alloy material, and the high-temperature silicon disulfide rubber that described lightning arrester compound umbrella cover and the sub-compound umbrella cover of insulating sublayer add compounding ingredient by methyl vinyl silicone rubber is made.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: composite insulator of the present utility model being replaced original common composite insulator, being arranged on shaft tower, for suspending transmission pressure in midair.When circuit normally runs, composite insulator of the present utility model serves as the effect of common insulator, and suspention transmission pressure also makes to keep good insulation between wire and ground, and the major part of line operating voltages is born by insulating sublayer; In Thunderstorm Weather, when thunder is attacked directly in shaft tower or shielding in wire, lightning overvoltage makes the gap breakdown of the arcing horn on the sub-grading ring of insulating sublayer, lightning overvoltage is applied on lightning arrester, the action of metal oxide valve block, apparatus with shock absorbing, plays to overvoltage the effect of clamping down on, thus protect whole insulator to make it avoid flashover, avoid causing line tripping accident; When meeting with low temperature sleet and snow ice weather, specially designed anti-ice-flashing compound umbrella cover, have umbrella footpath and the umbrella spacing of abundant umbrella-shaped structure and increase, large full skirt can play good bridging effect to little full skirt, effectively delay the ice slush bridging time between umbrella, add two stand insulators " Λ" combination of type structure effectively can prevent ice slush bridge joint between umbrella, adds whole lightning protection ice flashover resistant insulator creep distance and dry arcing distance, significantly improves that its tolerance is filthy, the flashover voltage of icing, greatly reduces the probability of freezing weather line tripping operation.Under icing weather conditions, the power-frequency voltage that lightning arrester bears also will be lower, be conducive to the impact preventing uneven icing on lightning arrester metal oxide valve block.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage of:
1) pass through connecting plate gold utensil and connect into inverted Y-shaped overall structure, effectively can prevent ice slush bridge joint between umbrella on the one hand, increase whole insulator creep distance and dry arcing distance, can be used on the other hand suspending transmission pressure in midair, bear larger load; By the effect of lightning arrester, lightning protection function when circuit is struck by lightning can be realized; Arcing horn energy available protecting two stand insulator is when lightning stroke flashover, and protect its full skirt not by electric arc burn, after thunderbolt, dielectric strength is unaffected;
2) when circuit normally runs, to bear voltage very low for lightning arrester, and the voltage ageing process of metal oxide valve block is hardly with considering.And the buffer action of insulating sublayer due to series connection with it, even if metal oxide valve block is deteriorated, does not affect circuit yet and normally run;
3) spring can compress metal oxide valve block and makes it contact closely, and causes metal oxide valve block to be separated when preventing plug from stretching;
4) lightning arrester and insulating sublayer compound umbrella cover all adopt the mode that abundant umbrella-shaped structure and size full skirt interlock, large full skirt can play good bridging effect to little full skirt, effectively delay the ice slush bridging time between umbrella, the anti-ice-flashing function under low temperature sleet and snow ice weather can be realized.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator.
Marginal data:
1, lightning arrester bowl head gold utensil; 2, lightning arrester plug; 3, lightning arrester compound umbrella cover; 4, arrester grading ring; 5, lightning arrester connecting rod; 6, lightning arrester upper end cover; 7, spring; 8, metal oxide valve block; 9, lightning arrester sleeve; 10, lightning arrester bottom end cover; 11, insulating sublayer sub-connection bar; 12, the sub-plug of insulating sublayer; 13, the sub-compound umbrella cover of insulating sublayer; 14, the sub-grading ring of insulating sublayer; 15, insulating sublayer bulbec head gold utensil; 16, connecting plate gold utensil; 17, arcing horn.
Embodiment
For the ease of understanding the utility model, hereafter will do to describe more comprehensively, meticulously to the utility model in conjunction with Figure of description and preferred embodiment, but protection range of the present utility model is not limited to following specific embodiment.
Figure 1 shows that a kind of execution mode of lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator of the present utility model.All parts in this execution mode all can at market purchasing or domestic manufactory processing and fabricating.It is the inverted Y-shaped overall structure connected into by connecting plate gold utensil 16 by a lightning arrester and two stand insulators, and two stand insulators are positioned at inverted Y-shaped overall structure lower end, and insulating sublayer all arranges arcing horn 17.The utility model can realize the two-in-one of lightning protection and anti-ice-flashing function, and original tower window construction dimensional requirement that is content with very little, do not affect the performances such as the windage yaw of circuit, lightning protection, do not affect insulation property after lightning discharge, insulator dielectric intensity is high, the life-span is long.
In the present embodiment, connecting plate gold utensil 16 is rectangle structure, is provided with three slots in it, the latch that each slot place is equipped with two jacks and coordinates with jack.Lightning arrester comprises lightning arrester plug 2, it is arranged with a lightning arrester sleeve 9, and be arranged with lightning arrester compound umbrella cover 3 outside lightning arrester sleeve 9, it has the full skirt that umbrella footpath varies in size, and the full skirt varied in size is crisscross arranged.The upper end of lightning arrester compound umbrella cover 3 is provided with lightning arrester upper end cover 6 and arrester grading ring 4, lower end is provided with lightning arrester bottom end cover 10 and arrester grading ring 4, on lightning arrester plug 2, the metal oxide valve block 8 of stacked setting is arranged with in lightning arrester sleeve 9, metal oxide valve block 8 is loop configuration, lightning arrester plug 2 inserts in the centre bore of loop configuration, it plays fixation to metal oxide valve block 8, is also the undertaker of drawing-resistant function in insulator running simultaneously.Lightning arrester plug 2 between metal oxide valve block 8 and lightning arrester upper end cover 6 be arranged with spring 7 and compress metal oxide valve block 8, making it contact closely, and when preventing plug from stretching, causing metal oxide valve block 8 to be separated; A lightning arrester bowl head gold utensil 1 is stamped in lightning arrester plug 2 upper end, is fixed in lightning arrester plug 2 lower end is inserted in connecting plate gold utensil 16 slot by lightning arrester connecting rod 5 by latch.Lightning arrester bowl head gold utensil 1 can hang on cross arm of tower by connecting gold utensil, therefore shaft tower only need adopt a hanging point, simple installation, does not need to change tower structure, thus reduces investment outlay, reduce maintenance cost.The arrester grading ring 4 being positioned at lightning arrester compound umbrella cover 3 lower end is installed on connecting plate gold utensil 16.
In the present embodiment, insulating sublayer attached bag draws together the sub-plug 12 of insulating sublayer, and it is arranged with the sub-compound umbrella cover 13 of insulating sublayer, it has the full skirt that umbrella footpath varies in size, and the full skirt varied in size is crisscross arranged.The two ends of insulating sublayer compound umbrella cover 13 all connect the sub-grading ring 14 of an insulating sublayer, the sub-grading ring 14 of each insulating sublayer all connects an arcing horn 17, fixed by latch in the upper end of the sub-plug 12 of insulating sublayer is inserted in connecting plate gold utensil 16 slot by insulating sublayer sub-connection bar 11, a sub-insulator pin gold utensil 15 is stamped in lower end, can connect with wire; The sub-grading ring 14 of insulating sublayer being positioned at insulating sublayer compound umbrella cover 13 upper end is installed on connecting plate gold utensil 16.
In the present embodiment, lightning arrester bowl head gold utensil 1, lightning arrester connecting rod 5, lightning arrester upper end cover 6, lightning arrester bottom end cover 10, insulating sublayer sub-connection bar 11, insulating sublayer bulbec head gold utensil 15, connecting plate gold utensil 16 is iron galvanized part, lightning arrester bowl head gold utensil 1 and insulating sublayer bulbec head gold utensil 15 adopt pin ball, cap nest structural shape, together with lightning arrester connecting rod 5, insulating sublayer sub-connection bar 11 grade is withheld in plug termination by the centripetal iso-stress of cambered surface, an entirety is fixedly connected into again by connecting plate gold utensil 16, metal oxide valve block 8 adopts the zinc oxide valve plate of loop configuration, loop configuration has good heat dispersion.Lightning arrester sleeve 9 adopts epoxy glass fiber cylinder, the sub-grading ring 14 of arrester grading ring 4, insulating sublayer adopts the manufacture of aluminum or aluminum alloy material, arcing horn 17 adopts stainless steel stub, the sub-plug 12 of lightning arrester plug 2, insulating sublayer is epoxy glass fiber rod, and the high-temperature silicon disulfide rubber that the sub-compound umbrella cover 13 of lightning arrester compound umbrella cover 3, insulating sublayer adopts methyl vinyl silicone rubber to add compounding ingredient is made.
The utility model utilizes lightning arrester, arcing horn bears lightning current release action and prevent thunder discharge electric arc to the burn of insulator umbrella cover, the umbrella cover of inverted Y-shaped structure and multiple umbrella gauge structure significantly improves pollution flashover and icing flashover voltage, grading ring improves the Electric Field Distribution of insulator surrounding space, achieves the lightning protection anti-ice-flashing function of insulator.

Claims (8)

1. a lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator, it is characterized in that: comprise a lightning arrester and two stand insulators, described lightning arrester and insulating sublayer connect into an inverted Y-shaped overall structure by connecting plate gold utensil (16), and the two stand insulators being positioned at inverted Y-shaped overall structure lower end all arrange arcing horn (17).
2. lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lightning arrester comprises lightning arrester plug (2), it is arranged with a lightning arrester sleeve (9), lightning arrester compound umbrella cover (3) is arranged with outside lightning arrester sleeve (9), the upper end of lightning arrester compound umbrella cover (3) is provided with lightning arrester upper end cover (6) and arrester grading ring (4), lower end is provided with lightning arrester bottom end cover (10) and arrester grading ring (4), on lightning arrester plug (2), the metal oxide valve block (8) of stacked setting is arranged with in lightning arrester sleeve (9), lightning arrester plug (2) between metal oxide valve block (8) and lightning arrester upper end cover (6) is arranged with spring (7) and compresses metal oxide valve block (8), lightning arrester plug (2) upper end is stamped one for hanging over lightning arrester bowl head gold utensil (1) on cross arm of tower, lower end is connected with described connecting plate gold utensil (16) by lightning arrester connecting rod (5), the arrester grading ring (4) being positioned at lightning arrester compound umbrella cover (3) lower end is also affixed with connecting plate gold utensil (16).
3. lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described insulating sublayer attached bag draws together the sub-plug of insulating sublayer (12), it is arranged with the sub-compound umbrella cover (13) of insulating sublayer, the two ends of insulating sublayer compound umbrella cover (13) all connect the sub-grading ring of an insulating sublayer (14), the sub-grading ring of each insulating sublayer (14) all connects the arcing horn (17) described in, the upper end of the sub-plug of insulating sublayer (12) is connected with described connecting plate gold utensil (16) by insulating sublayer sub-connection bar (11), insulating sublayer bulbec head gold utensil (15) for connecting with wire is stamped in lower end, the sub-grading ring of insulating sublayer (14) being positioned at insulating sublayer compound umbrella cover (13) upper end is also affixed with connecting plate gold utensil (16).
4. lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described lightning arrester compound umbrella cover (3) and the sub-compound umbrella cover (13) of insulating sublayer all have the full skirt that umbrella footpath varies in size, and the full skirt varied in size is crisscross arranged.
5. lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described connecting plate gold utensil (16) is provided with three for plugging the slot of lightning arrester connecting rod (5) and insulating sublayer sub-connection bar (11), each slot place is equipped with two jacks and coordinates the latch of fixed connecting rod with jack.
6., according to the arbitrary described lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator of claim 2-5, it is characterized in that: described metal oxide valve block (8) is loop configuration, lightning arrester plug (2) inserts in the centre bore of loop configuration.
7., according to the arbitrary described lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: described arcing horn (17) is stainless steel stub.
8. according to the arbitrary described lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator of claim 2-5, it is characterized in that: described lightning arrester sleeve (9) is epoxy glass fiber cylinder, lightning arrester plug (2) and the sub-plug of insulating sublayer (12) are epoxy glass fiber rod.
CN201520208493.8U 2015-04-09 2015-04-09 Lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator Active CN204558163U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104779019A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-15 国家电网公司 Composite insulator with functions of thunder prevention and icing flashover prevention

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104779019A (en) * 2015-04-09 2015-07-15 国家电网公司 Composite insulator with functions of thunder prevention and icing flashover prevention
CN104779019B (en) * 2015-04-09 2016-10-19 国家电网公司 Lightning protection anti-ice-flashing composite insulator

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