CN204555642U - A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola - Google Patents

A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204555642U
CN204555642U CN201520151437.5U CN201520151437U CN204555642U CN 204555642 U CN204555642 U CN 204555642U CN 201520151437 U CN201520151437 U CN 201520151437U CN 204555642 U CN204555642 U CN 204555642U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main furnace
furnace
storing
ceramic heat
umbrella crown
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520151437.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈晓晓
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Foshan Nanhai thick source Aluminum Industry Co., Ltd.
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陈晓晓
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Priority to CN201520151437.5U priority Critical patent/CN204555642U/en
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Publication of CN204555642U publication Critical patent/CN204555642U/en
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Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola, comprise main furnace body, air blast and screen collector; Described main furnace body is arranged on base upper end, is provided with some burners in the middle part of main furnace body, and main furnace body upper end is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting, and Material collecting box for harvesting and main furnace body bottom combustion chamber; Described main furnace body top is connected with smoke discharging pipe, smoke discharging pipe connects the first ceramic heat-storing device and the second ceramic heat-storing device, the pipeline rear end of the first ceramic heat-storing device and the second ceramic heat-storing device is provided with air exhauster, and be connected with chimney on the right side of air exhauster, chimney is provided with screen collector; The utility model is provided with air blast, makes sufficient combustion, and improves thermal-arrest speed; Umbrella crown adopts six roots of sensation angle steel diagonal brace to be fixedly installed on cleaner body, and strengthen the support force of umbrella crown, air-flow guide effect is played in the setting of reverse taper, reduces the resistance that furnace gas rises, and promotes the efficiency of dust collection of deduster further.

Description

A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of furnace cupola, specifically a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola.
Background technology
At present, domestic general Industrial Stoves exhaust gas temperature is at about 200 DEG C, have even up to 250 DEG C, so high exhaust gas temperature not only wastes mass energy, also result in environmental thermal pollution simultaneously, high exhaust gas temperature shows that the heat loss due to exhaust gas of combustion apparatus is higher, and the heat utilization rate of equipment is low; In many energy are not fully utilized, the flue gas that fume emission brings out will reach 15% ~ 20%, if the heat in flue gas can fully can be used, is good mode for economize energy.Gravity-flow ventilation screen collector is the natural pull out force that when utilizing cupola melting, high-temperature furnace gas is formed in chimney, flue dust is made upwards to enter the surge chamber of deduster, owing to being vented the sudden enlargement in cross section, reduce the movement velocity of flue gas stream and grit, simultaneously, the certain energy of grit and overhead guard collision loss, the grit forcing particle diameter larger settles down washed away, in, the grit of small particle diameter continues upwards to flow under the effect of flue gas stream, after annular water curtain, the grit of medium grain size is spontaneously wet out by water to be taken away, again through spray, through range of atomization, little droplet thin in a large number contacts with granule, the floating dust of most of below 10um is removed.Flue gas is while passing water curtain layer and range of atomization, and the pernicious gases such as CO2, SO2 wherein and water react, and forms the acidic materials such as carbonic acid and sulfuric acid, is discharged and enters pond, pernicious gas in flue gas is purified with current.Water after precipitation neutralization recycles again.In long-term use procedure, there is following defect in tradition screen collector: 1. what traditional screen collector adopted is Bidirectional spray head, the nozzle be directed upwardly upwards is sprayed, water smoke is directly conveyed out outside housing, not only water consumption is large, and such design water smoke area is little, efficiency of dust collection is lower; 2. the umbrella crown in traditional screen collector arranges the resistance increasing furnace gas and rise, and in addition, traditional umbrella crown support strength is inadequate, under the long-term extruding of water screen generator, umbrella crown pressure can occur and to fall phenomenon.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola, comprises main furnace body, air blast and screen collector, described main furnace body is arranged on base upper end, is provided with some burners in the middle part of main furnace body, and main furnace body upper end is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting, and Material collecting box for harvesting and main furnace body bottom combustion chamber, be provided with bucket elevator above Material collecting box for harvesting, bucket elevator bottom is fixed on ground, described air blast is arranged on base left end, and main furnace body bottom is provided with air inlet is communicated with, described main furnace body top is connected with smoke discharging pipe, and smoke discharging pipe connects the first ceramic heat-storing device and the second ceramic heat-storing device, the pipeline rear end of the first ceramic heat-storing device and the second ceramic heat-storing device is provided with air exhauster, is connected with chimney on the right side of air exhauster, described chimney is provided with screen collector, screen collector comprises the cleaner body corresponding with chimney position, water plug and drainage arrangement, cleaner body top is provided with outlet flue, cleaner body internal fixtion is provided with flusher, described flusher is made up of in opposite directions upper one-way sprayer and lower one-way sprayer, described upper one-way sprayer and lower one-way sprayer are all fixedly installed on the upper end of cleaner body, the nozzle direction of described upper one-way sprayer down, the nozzle of lower one-way sprayer is directed upwardly, described upper one-way sprayer, lower one-way sprayer is all connected with the flow pipe of water plug, water screen generator is provided with below described flusher, umbrella crown is supported with by support immediately below water screen generator, umbrella crown also carries out secondary by angle steel diagonal brace and cleaner body and is firmly connected.
Further, the quantity of described angle steel diagonal brace is the six roots of sensation, is evenly equally spaced in umbrella crown surrounding.
Further, be provided with the reverse taper be fixedly connected with it below described umbrella crown, the material of reverse taper is stainless steel, adopts the mode of electric welding to be fixedly connected with umbrella crown.
Compared with prior art, the utility model is provided with air blast, makes sufficient combustion, and improves thermal-arrest speed; Waste heat (mainly referring to along with flue gas is discharged) after burning is along pipeline through two ceramic heat-storing devices, and heat absorbs by storage heater, and the flue gas be finally utilized with heat wave enters chimney release through air exhauster extraction; Upper one-way sprayer and lower one-way sprayer are that certain distance is arranged in opposite directions, and water spray forms water smoke region up and down, can play the effect guiding flue gas, also improve dust removing effects simultaneously; Umbrella crown adopts six roots of sensation angle steel diagonal brace to be fixedly installed on cleaner body, and strengthen the support force of umbrella crown, root angle steel diagonal brace is equidistantly uniformly distributed; The mode of electric welding is also adopted to be fixed with reverse taper below described umbrella crown, the material selection stainless steel of reverse taper; Air-flow guide effect is played in the setting of reverse taper, reduces the resistance that furnace gas rises, and promotes the efficiency of dust collection of deduster further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of cleaner body in energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described in more detail below in conjunction with the technical scheme of detailed description of the invention to this patent.
Refer to Fig. 1-2, a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola, comprise main furnace body 2, air blast 7 and screen collector, described main furnace body 2 is arranged on base 1 upper end, is provided with some burners 3 in the middle part of main furnace body 2, and main furnace body 2 upper end is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting 4, and Material collecting box for harvesting 4 and main furnace body 2 bottom combustion chamber, be provided with bucket elevator 6 above Material collecting box for harvesting 4, bucket elevator 6 bottom is fixed on ground, described air blast 7 is arranged on base 1 left end, and main furnace body 2 bottom is provided with air inlet is communicated with, described main furnace body 2 top is connected with smoke discharging pipe 5, smoke discharging pipe 5 connects the first ceramic heat-storing device 8 and the second ceramic heat-storing device 9, the pipeline rear end of the first ceramic heat-storing device 8 and the second ceramic heat-storing device 9 is provided with air exhauster 10, is connected with chimney 11 on the right side of air exhauster 10, described chimney 11 is provided with screen collector, screen collector comprises the cleaner body 12 corresponding with chimney 11 position, water plug 13 and drainage arrangement 22, cleaner body 12 top is provided with outlet flue 14, cleaner body 12 internal fixtion is provided with flusher 15, described flusher 15 is made up of in opposite directions upper one-way sprayer 16 and lower one-way sprayer 17, described upper one-way sprayer 16 and lower one-way sprayer 17 are all fixedly installed on the upper end of cleaner body 12, the nozzle direction of described upper one-way sprayer 16 down, the nozzle of lower one-way sprayer 17 is directed upwardly, described upper one-way sprayer 16, lower one-way sprayer 17 is all connected with the flow pipe 18 of water plug 13, water screen generator 23 is provided with below described flusher 15, umbrella crown 19 is supported with by support immediately below water screen generator 23, umbrella crown 19 also carries out secondary by angle steel diagonal brace 20 with cleaner body 12 and is firmly connected, the quantity of described angle steel diagonal brace 20 is the six roots of sensation, is evenly equally spaced in umbrella crown 19 surrounding, be provided with the reverse taper 21 be fixedly connected with it below described umbrella crown 19, the material of reverse taper 21 is stainless steel, adopts the mode of electric welding to be fixedly connected with umbrella crown 19, burning material is transported in Material collecting box for harvesting 4 by elevator 6, and main furnace body 2 is lighted a fire, and now starts air blast 7, makes sufficient combustion, and improve thermal-arrest speed, waste heat after burning (mainly referring to along with flue gas is discharged) is along pipeline through two ceramic heat-storing devices, and heat absorbs by storage heater, and the flue gas be finally utilized with heat wave extracts through air exhauster 7 and enters chimney 11 and discharge, upper one-way sprayer 16 is arranged in certain distance in opposite directions with lower one-way sprayer 17, and water spray forms water smoke region up and down, can play the effect guiding flue gas, also improve dust removing effects simultaneously, umbrella crown 19 adopts six roots of sensation angle steel diagonal brace 20 to be fixedly installed on cleaner body 12, and strengthen the support force of umbrella crown 19,6 angle steel diagonal braces 20 are equidistantly uniformly distributed, the mode of electric welding is also adopted to be fixed with reverse taper 21 below described umbrella crown 19, the material selection stainless steel of reverse taper 21, air-flow guide effect is played in the setting of reverse taper 21, reduces the resistance that furnace gas rises, and promotes the efficiency of dust collection of deduster further.
Above the better embodiment of this patent is explained in detail, but this patent is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that one skilled in the relevant art possesses, various change can also be made under the prerequisite not departing from this patent aim.

Claims (3)

1. an energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola, comprises main furnace body, air blast and screen collector, it is characterized in that, described main furnace body is arranged on base upper end, is provided with some burners in the middle part of main furnace body, and main furnace body upper end is provided with Material collecting box for harvesting, and Material collecting box for harvesting and main furnace body bottom combustion chamber, be provided with bucket elevator above Material collecting box for harvesting, bucket elevator bottom is fixed on ground, described air blast is arranged on base left end, and main furnace body bottom is provided with air inlet is communicated with, described main furnace body top is connected with smoke discharging pipe, and smoke discharging pipe connects the first ceramic heat-storing device and the second ceramic heat-storing device, the pipeline rear end of the first ceramic heat-storing device and the second ceramic heat-storing device is provided with air exhauster, is connected with chimney on the right side of air exhauster, described chimney is provided with screen collector, screen collector comprises the cleaner body corresponding with chimney position, water plug and drainage arrangement, cleaner body top is provided with outlet flue, cleaner body internal fixtion is provided with flusher, described flusher is made up of in opposite directions upper one-way sprayer and lower one-way sprayer, described upper one-way sprayer and lower one-way sprayer are all fixedly installed on the upper end of cleaner body, the nozzle direction of described upper one-way sprayer down, the nozzle of lower one-way sprayer is directed upwardly, described upper one-way sprayer, lower one-way sprayer is all connected with the flow pipe of water plug, water screen generator is provided with below described flusher, umbrella crown is supported with by support immediately below water screen generator, umbrella crown also carries out secondary by angle steel diagonal brace and cleaner body and is firmly connected.
2. energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the quantity of described angle steel diagonal brace is the six roots of sensation, is evenly equally spaced in umbrella crown surrounding.
3. energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with the reverse taper be fixedly connected with it below described umbrella crown, and the material of reverse taper is stainless steel, adopts the mode of electric welding to be fixedly connected with umbrella crown.
CN201520151437.5U 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola Expired - Fee Related CN204555642U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520151437.5U CN204555642U (en) 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520151437.5U CN204555642U (en) 2015-03-17 2015-03-17 A kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective furnace cupola

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106610217A (en) * 2015-10-26 2017-05-03 镇江中焱数控设备有限公司 Dust removal device for cupola furnace

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106610217A (en) * 2015-10-26 2017-05-03 镇江中焱数控设备有限公司 Dust removal device for cupola furnace

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20151014

Address after: The town of Nanhai District, Yan Feng community and Sanbai workshop of 528000 Guangdong province Foshan City Gang

Patentee after: Foshan Nanhai thick source Aluminum Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: Dongpu road white rock area of Xiangshan County in 315700 in Zhejiang city of Ningbo Province

Patentee before: Chen Xiaoxiao

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150812

Termination date: 20160317

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee