A kind of new forms of energy road sweeper
The utility model relates to road cleaning vehicle field, is specially a kind of new forms of energy road sweeper.
Road sweeper is as one of sanitation equipment, it is a kind of new and effective cleaning equipment integrating road cleaning, garbage reclamation and transport, can extensively stand for arterial highway, the road-cleanings such as municipal administration and airfield pavement, uptown, park, road sweeper not only can clean rubbish, also reduces and prevent the generation of traffic accident.At present, domestic road cleaning machine can be divided into two classes substantially, and a class is dust-absorption sweeping type, and another kind of is pure sweeping.
Sucking & sweeping road sweeper in the course of the work, adopts to be swept by mechanically operated rotation brush and scrapes road surface, sweep from road surface by some lightweight, bulky rubbish such as the scraps of paper on road surface, polybag, leaves, and take to carry out in the air on road surface floating; Simultaneously, the inside returning apparatus of this kind of cleaning machine high-power induced draft fan of a High Rotation Speed, this high-power induced draft fan forms parital vacuum in air inlet, then utilizes the suction of air these lighter in weight, rubbish that volume is larger to be adsorbed onto in the dustbin of cleaning machine inside.Dust-absorption sweeping type road cleaning machine has some obvious shortcomings: first, high-power induced draft fan at work also will ceaselessly High Rotation Speed to maintain the suction of air, a lot of fuel oils will be consumed like this, so the use cost of sucking & sweeping road sweeper is higher in whole cleaning works process; In addition, clean limited in one's ability, the rubbish in cleaning process on road surface is that the air suction formed by induced draft fan is adsorbed in inner dustbin completely, adsorbs for during heavier graininess rubbish the scarce capacity that just seems.
Pure sweeping road sweeper, its operating principle is: the rubbish on road surface is swept in the middle of vehicle by the brush of the other both sides of car, under the effect of rear brush, garbage dust is pushed on conveyer, by the cycle operation of conveyer belt, rubbish is transported in dustbin, thus complete sweep road work, sucking & sweeping road sweeper compared by the road sweeper of this structure, eliminate expensive induced draft fan, energy consumption and cost compare low, but overall structure more complicated; In addition, existing pure sweeping road sweeper, the volume of its dustbin is less than normal, and existing structural allocation is difficult to the volume expanding dustbin, and therefore, sweeping efficiency is lower.Therefore, a kind of energy consumption is developed and cost is lower, structure is simple and sweeping efficiency is higher pure sweeping road sweeper is those skilled in the art's urgent problems.
Utility model content
For the problems referred to above, the utility model provides a kind of new forms of energy road sweeper, and its structure is simple, energy consumption and cost is all lower, sweeping efficiency is higher.
The utility model provides a kind of new forms of energy road sweeper, comprise vehicle chassis, purging system, dynamical system, dustbin and shedding mechanism, described dynamical system comprises battery feed and DC converter, described battery feed is arranged on described vehicle chassis, and the walking being vehicle by DC converter and purging system provide driving force; Described dustbin is arranged on the afterbody of vehicle chassis, and described shedding mechanism is arranged between vehicle chassis and dustbin, for lifting dustbin; Described purging system comprises limit brush and main brush, and described limit brush is arranged on the front portion of vehicle chassis, and described main brush is arranged on the rear of limit brush, and described main brush is multistage round brush hoisting mechanism.
Wherein in an embodiment, described limit brush comprises front side brush and back brush, described front side brush, back brush and main brush set gradually along the fore-and-aft direction of vehicle, described front side brush is arranged on the front portion of driver's cabin, described main brush is arranged between described driver's cabin and dustbin, and described back brush is arranged between front side brush and main brush.
Wherein in an embodiment, described battery feed is lithium battery group.
Wherein in an embodiment, described multistage round brush hoisting mechanism comprises drive disk assembly, main brush body and multiple round brush, and main brush body realizes the interlock with multiple round brush by described drive disk assembly.
Wherein in an embodiment, described multistage round brush hoisting mechanism also comprises the left and right skin block and front and back skin block that are arranged on main brush body periphery.
Wherein in an embodiment, described sweeper also comprises the induced draft fan being arranged on dustbin top, provides auxiliary power for rubbish enters dustbin.
Wherein in an embodiment, the top of described dustbin is also provided with electric pushrod, and the movable end of electric pushrod is connected with the chamber door of dustbin afterbody, for the folding of described chamber door.
The pure electric sweeper of the one that the utility model provides, compared with prior art, owing to adopting the pure electronic combination with mechanical sweeper system, eliminate powerful induced draft fan, therefore energy consumption and cost reduce all greatly; With battery electric energy for power source, green, environmental protection, zero-emission; In addition, main brush is multistage round brush hoisting mechanism, and effectively improve the discharging opening height of cleaning agency, greatly increase the dischargeable capacity of dustbin, sweeping efficiency also significantly promotes; Moreover, pure electronic as power owing to adopting, therefore can adopt pure electric chassis, also better can adapt to national policy, the bulletin of Ministry of Industry and Information's new-energy automobile can be obtained.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view structural representation of sweeper of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the operating principle schematic diagram of the main brush of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 2.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described in detail below in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
The utility model specific embodiment provides a kind of pure electric sweeper, comprise vehicle chassis, purging system, lithium battery group 2, dustbin 12 and shedding mechanism, lithium battery group 2 is arranged on described vehicle chassis as power source, the power of car load is obtained by DC converter, control the direct insertion movable motor 3 being installed on back axle by movable motor 3 controller drive vehicle to advance or retreat, realize the walking of vehicle, lithium battery group 2 controls also for the purging system of vehicle provides driving force, dustbin 12 is arranged on the afterbody of vehicle chassis, and shedding mechanism is arranged between vehicle chassis and dustbin 12, dump rubbish for lifting dustbin 12, purging system comprises front side brush 4, back brush 5 and main brush 6, front side brush 4, back brush 5 and main brush 6 set gradually along the fore-and-aft direction of vehicle, main brush 6 is multistage round brush cleaning agency, and car load only needs the battery pack of an electric pressure can realize equipment work at different levels.Sweeper of the present invention is owing to adopting the pure electronic combination with purging system, and eliminate powerful induced draft fan 11, therefore energy consumption and cost reduce all greatly; With battery electric energy for power source, green, environmental protection, zero-emission; In addition, main brush 6 is multistage round brush cleaning agency, effectively improves the discharging opening height of cleaning agency, and greatly increase the dischargeable capacity of dustbin 12, sweeping efficiency also significantly promotes.Moreover, pure electronic as power owing to adopting, therefore can adopt pure electric chassis, also better can adapt to national policy, the bulletin of Ministry of Industry and Information's new-energy automobile can be obtained.
Particularly, the driver's cabin 1 that front side brush 4 is arranged on road sweeper is anterior, and main brush 6 is arranged between described driver's cabin 1 and dustbin 12, and back brush 5 is arranged between front side brush 4 and main brush 6; Multistage round brush cleaning agency comprises drive disk assembly, main brush body 61 and multiple round brush 64, main brush body 61 realizes the interlock with multiple round brush 64 by drive disk assembly, multiple round brush 64 is vertically arranged, nethermost round brush 64 is tangent with main brush body 61, uppermost round brush 64 is arranged on the entrance of dustbin 12, middle round brush 64 tangent setting successively; Described drive disk assembly comprise main brush 6 main brush 6 motor 62, head sprocket 67, from sprocket wheel 68 and driving-chain 63, main brush 6 main brush 6 motor 62 drives main brush body 61 and head sprocket 67 to rotate, head sprocket 67 is driven by driving-chain 63 and rotates from sprocket wheel 68, drives round brush 64 to rotate from sprocket wheel 68; Multistage round brush cleaning agency also comprises the left and right skin block 65 and front and back skin block 66 that are arranged on main brush body 61 periphery, and skin block makes garbage energy more effectively be concentrated cleaning by main brush body 61.The multistage round brush cleaning agency of this Vertical Structure design, overcomes the restriction by car load layout and round brush 64 diameter, makes the delivery head of rubbish unrestricted, greatly can improve the dischargeable capacity of dustbin 12 and efficiency of sweeping the floor.The quantity of preferred round brush 64 is four, and nethermost round brush 64 and the angled installation of main brush body 61.
In addition, in order to meet various operating mode, need to regulate the spacing between round brush 64 at different levels, therefore multistage round brush cleaning agency also comprises for regulating spacing between round brush 64 and the governor motion of spacing between round brush 64 and main brush body 61, sweeping efficiency can be made like this to improve, the compliance of sweeper can also be improved.
In addition, sweeper of the present invention is also provided with induced draft fan 11, is arranged at the top of dustbin 12, can provide certain suction for the lifting of rubbish.It should be noted that, the power of induced draft fan 11 herein does not need very large, and main cleaning works completes by multistage round brush cleaning agency, therefore greatly can save energy consumption.
The top of dustbin 12 is also provided with electric pushrod 10, and the movable end of electric pushrod 10 is connected with the chamber door 9 of dustbin 12 afterbody, for the folding of chamber door 9; Shedding mechanism comprises telescopic oil cylinder 7, the afterbody of dustbin 12 and vehicle chassis are undertaken hinged by bearing pin 8, the cylinder body of telescopic oil cylinder 7 is fixed on chassis, the end winding support of piston rod is on dustbin 12, telescopic oil cylinder 7 realizes toppling over of rubbish by the action of piston rod, laborsaving and convenient, and electric pushrod 10 and telescopic oil cylinder 7 power all come from lithium battery group 2.
The cleaning principle of sweeper of the present invention is: main brush 6 is mounted on vehicle chassis, main brush 6 is driven to advance forward during vehicle forward, in the process of carrying out, rubbish enters in main brush body 61 by anterior skin block, main brush motor 62 rotates (clockwise) with certain speed, rotated (clockwise) by the sprocket wheel and chain-driving round brush 64 at different levels that are installed on main brush motor 62 spindle nose, the rotation of main brush body 61, the rubbish entering main brush body 61 is driven to move upward, when rotation reaches certain angle, rubbish is thrown out of, simultaneously, just the rubbish that main for next stage brush body 61 throws away is caught when upper level round brush 64 rotates to this position, by that analogy, rubbish is upwards promoted step by step, finally thrown into dustbin 12 along round brush 64 wall in dustbin 12 entry position.
To those skilled in the art, obviously the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present invention or essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present invention is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the present invention.Any Reference numeral in claim should be considered as the claim involved by limiting.
In addition, be to be understood that, although this manual is described according to embodiment, but not each embodiment only comprises an independently technical scheme, this narrating mode of manual is only for clarity sake, those skilled in the art should by manual integrally, and the technical scheme in each embodiment also through appropriately combined, can form other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.