CN204534597U - A kind of changing food waste CIU - Google Patents

A kind of changing food waste CIU Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204534597U
CN204534597U CN201520192086.2U CN201520192086U CN204534597U CN 204534597 U CN204534597 U CN 204534597U CN 201520192086 U CN201520192086 U CN 201520192086U CN 204534597 U CN204534597 U CN 204534597U
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China
Prior art keywords
food waste
changing food
solid refuse
incinerator
refuse case
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520192086.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
覃发超
林叶彬
张斌
刘守江
邓青春
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China West Normal University
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China West Normal University
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Priority to CN201520192086.2U priority Critical patent/CN204534597U/en
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Publication of CN204534597U publication Critical patent/CN204534597U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of changing food waste CIU, comprise garbage collection box, incinerator, gas cleaning plant and sewage-treatment plant, described garbage collection box is connected with incinerator, described gas cleaning plant is connected with incinerator, described sewage-treatment plant is connected with the blow-off pipe of garbage collection box, also comprise pressing plate and cylinder, described pressing plate is positioned at solid refuse case, it is outside that described cylinder is positioned at solid refuse case, the piston of cylinder is connected with described pressing plate through solid refuse case, cylinder is by the changing food waste in piston driven platen extrusion solid dustbin, before changing food waste enters incinerator, remove the moisture in rubbish, be conducive to burning and economize energy.

Description

A kind of changing food waste CIU
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of refuse disposal system, particularly relates to a kind of changing food waste CIU.
Background technology
At present, due to the development of economic society, improving constantly of people's living standard, catering industry more and more grows, the thing followed creates a large amount of changing food wastes, due to solid constituent existing in changing food waste, also has a large amount of liquid components (mainly the mixture of water and vegetable and animals oils), therefore this causes great inconvenience to the recovery of changing food waste and transportation, namely in recovery with transportation, due to changing food waste solid-liquid, therefore the water of liquid is with oil reclaiming and can being scattered in transit, causes environmental pollution.Simultaneously, the process of current changing food waste generally adopts burning or biochemical treatment, no matter and be adopt burn or biochemical treatment, liquid contained in changing food waste produces impact greatly to its treatment effect, during as burned, existing refuse burning system comprises garbage collection box, the rubbish collecting garbage collection box is sent into incinerator, gas cleaning plant is connected with in incinerator, after purification, air enters air, because changing food waste needs transhipment, moisture contained in rubbish in burning process is more few better, therefore how effective from moisture wherein changing food waste is before entering incinerator, seem particularly important, changing food waste just carries out Separation of Solid and Liquid before leaving restaurant on the one hand, changing food waste enters the removal moisture that incinerator takes a step forward on the other hand.
China Patent No. is separately had to be: 201210375628.0, publication date is 2013.3.20, disclose a kind of changing food waste collection box, comprise casing and cover plate, filter is provided with in casing, filter is provided with buckle, buckle matches with the draw-in groove in casing, and filter is also provided with handle, and the bottom of casing is provided with oil outlet, by the filtration of changing food waste collection box, profit in changing food waste and solid matter have just been separated, and solid matter can supply animal edible, directly can also supply environment-friendly fertilizer factory, recycling, creates certain economic benefit; Simultaneously changing food waste is poured into changing food waste collection box and it also avoid the mutual pollution that changing food waste and house refuse mix, improve environment; Again, changing food waste collection box is conducive to transport and the placement of changing food waste, can at the restaurant to changing food waste treatment in situ, and the bottom of changing food waste collection box is also provided with oil outlet, facilitates pouring out of profit, then does unified processing to profit.But above-mentioned patent changing food waste collection box in actual applications, and poor filtration effect, the profit in changing food waste and solid matter are with regard to separation difficulty, and organic efficiency is low.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the defect of above-mentioned prior art, the utility model provides a kind of changing food waste CIU, its objective is before changing food waste enters burning body of heater, removes the moisture in rubbish, is conducive to burning and economize energy.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of changing food waste CIU, comprise garbage collection box, incinerator, gas cleaning plant and sewage-treatment plant, described garbage collection box is connected with incinerator, described gas cleaning plant is connected with incinerator, filter is provided with in described garbage collection box, casing is separated into the solid refuse case on top and the oil tank of bottom by filter, described solid refuse case is provided with garbage inlet, described oil tank is provided with the blow-off pipe for discharging profit, described sewage-treatment plant is connected with blow-off pipe, it is characterized in that: also comprise pressing plate and cylinder, described pressing plate is positioned at solid refuse case, it is outside that described cylinder is positioned at solid refuse case, the piston of cylinder is connected with described pressing plate through solid refuse case, cylinder is by the changing food waste in piston driven platen extrusion solid dustbin.
The top of described solid refuse case is provided with the shower nozzle for spraying water to solid refuse case, and described solid refuse case is provided with detergent container, and described detergent container is connected with shower nozzle.
The end face of described solid refuse case establishes ball recess, and described shower nozzle is arranged in described ball recess, and described shower nozzle is spherical shower nozzle.
Described garbage collection box and incinerator are by selection by winnowing expanding channels, and be provided with airduct between described incinerator and selection by winnowing passage, described airduct one end is connected with incinerator, and the other end and selection by winnowing expanding channels, described airduct is provided with blower fan.
Also comprise baffle plate, described baffle plate is positioned at garbage inlet place, and is fixedly installed on casing.
Described garbage inlet place is also provided with the hush panel for closed changing food waste, and described hush panel and panel hinge are also provided with back-moving spring between described hush panel and baffle plate.
The one-tenth inclined-plane, bottom surface of described oil tank inside, its gradient is 10-20 degree.
The utility model has the following advantages:
1, the utility model changing food waste CIU, pressing plate and cylinder are set in garbage collection box, pressing plate is positioned at solid refuse case, it is outside that cylinder is positioned at solid refuse case, the piston of cylinder is connected with described pressing plate through solid refuse case, changing food waste is inputted in garbage collection box, open cylinder, changing food waste in casing one end to solid refuse case extrudes by air cylinder driven pressing plate, liquid in changing food waste is extruded, flow in oil tank by filter, when changing food waste is pressed to the other end from one end by pressing plate, profit in changing food waste is just extruded by a large amount of, the profit be extruded enters sewage disposal system by blow-off pipe, effective separation is achieved to profit in changing food waste, moisture in changing food waste is squeezed out, therefore the large minimizing of the fuel required for burning process, save the energy, owing to decreasing the burning to greasy dirt, also the pollution to air is alleviated.
2, the top of solid refuse case of the present utility model is provided with the shower nozzle for spraying water to solid refuse case, described solid refuse case is provided with detergent container, described detergent container is connected with shower nozzle, the end face of solid refuse case establishes ball recess, described shower nozzle is arranged in described ball recess, described shower nozzle is spherical shower nozzle, after changing food waste burning disposal, open shower nozzle, cleaning agent in detergent container enters in shower nozzle automatically, casing is cleaned, prevent remaining rubbish in case rancid, shower nozzle is arranged in ball recess the propelling preventing shower nozzle from hindering pressing plate, spherical shower nozzle can 360 degree to case to cleaning, improve cleaning performance.
3, the utility model garbage collection box and incinerator are by selection by winnowing expanding channels, airduct is provided with between described incinerator and selection by winnowing passage, described airduct one end is connected with incinerator, the other end and selection by winnowing expanding channels, described airduct is provided with blower fan, changing food waste is by the burning of selection by winnowing passage input incinerator, the high-temperature fuel gas that incinerator combustion produces passes through airduct, turn back in selection by winnowing passage in the effect of blower fan and changing food waste is heated, to obtain the changing food waste of drying further, effect, more economize energy is burned to improve.
4, the utility model also comprises baffle plate, described baffle plate is positioned at garbage inlet place, and be fixedly installed on casing, garbage inlet place is also provided with the hush panel for closed changing food waste, hush panel and panel hinge, also back-moving spring is provided with between hush panel and baffle plate, baffle plate is used for preventing changing food waste to be scattered, garbage inlet seals by hush panel, when pouring rubbish into, pushes hush panel open in the effect of garbage weight, enter in solid refuse case, after pouring into, in the effect of back-moving spring, hush panel seals garbage inlet.
5, the one-tenth inclined-plane, bottom surface of the utility model oil tank inside, its gradient is 10-20 degree, and the inclined-plane of inclination makes the profit be extruded collect in end-of-the-pipe along inclined-plane, is conducive to discharging oily water and enters sewage disposal system.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is garbage collection box structural representation of the present utility model;
Mark in figure: 1, garbage collection box, 2, solid refuse case, 3, oil tank, 4, filter, 5, cylinder, 6, pressing plate, 7, piston, 8, garbage inlet, 9, baffle plate, 10, hush panel, 11, back-moving spring, 12, blow-off pipe, 13, detergent container, 14, shower nozzle, 15, incinerator, 16, sewage-treatment plant, 17, gas cleaning plant, 18, selection by winnowing passage, 19, blower fan.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described further:
Embodiment 1
A kind of changing food waste CIU, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the utility model practical small refuse burning system, it comprises garbage collection box 1, incinerator 15, gas cleaning plant 17 and sewage disposal and fills 16 and put, described garbage collection box 1 is connected with incinerator 15 (in the rubbish garbage collection box 1 that changing food waste is collected in, then input in incinerator 15 and burn), described gas cleaning plant 17 is connected with incinerator 16 (gas cleaning plant 17 belongs to existing gas cleaning plant, for purifying the gas in changing food waste burning postpartum).Improvement of the present utility model mainly exists: be provided with filter 4 in garbage collection box 1, case 1 body is separated into the solid refuse case 2 on top and the oil tank 3 of bottom by filter 4, solid refuse case 2 is for storing the changing food waste of collection, oil tank 3 is for collecting the liquid (i.e. oily water) oozed out from changing food waste, described solid refuse case 2 is provided with garbage inlet 8, the changing food waste collected is poured into solid refuse case 2 from garbage inlet 8, oil tank 3 is provided with the blow-off pipe 12 for discharging profit, blow-off pipe 12 is connected with sewage-treatment plant 16 (oily water enters conventional sewage disposal device), also comprise pressing plate 6 and cylinder 5, described pressing plate 6 is positioned at solid refuse case 2, described cylinder 5 is positioned at the outside of solid refuse case 2, and the piston of cylinder 5 is connected with described pressing plate 6 through solid refuse case 2, and cylinder 5 drives the changing food waste in pressing plate 6 extrusion solid dustbin 2 by piston 7.What pressing plate 6 was vertical is arranged on solid refuse case 2, after solid refuse case 2 loads rubbish, start cylinder, cylinder piston drives pressing plate 6 rubbish in solid refuse case 2 can be promoted from one end shift to the other end, extrudes in the process, is extruded by the oily water in meal kitchen, by filter 4, be filtered in oil tank 3, the moisture in changing food waste enters sewage-treatment plant 16 by blow-off pipe 12 and processes, and the solid changing food waste after filtration enters in incinerator 15 and burns.
Further improvement is, top in solid refuse case 2 is provided with the shower nozzle 14 for spraying water to solid refuse case 2, described solid refuse case 2 is provided with detergent container 13, described detergent container 13 is connected with shower nozzle 14, the end face of described solid refuse case 2 establishes ball recess, described shower nozzle 14 is arranged in described ball recess, described shower nozzle 14 is spherical shower nozzle, after changing food waste burning disposal, open the external running water of shower nozzle 14(shower nozzle), cleaning agent in detergent container 13 enters in shower nozzle 14 automatically, casing 1 is cleaned, prevent remaining rubbish in case rancid, shower nozzle 14 is arranged in ball recess the propelling preventing shower nozzle from hindering pressing plate, spherical shower nozzle can 360 degree to case to cleaning, improve cleaning performance.
Further improvement is, garbage collection box 1 and incinerator 15 are by passing into high-temperature fuel gas in selection by winnowing passage 18(pipeline, for selection by winnowing passage) connect, airduct is provided with between described incinerator 15 and selection by winnowing passage 18, described airduct one end is connected with incinerator 15, the other end is connected with selection by winnowing passage 18, described airduct is provided with blower fan 19, the high-temperature fuel gas produced in process of burning away the refuse is under the effect of blower fan 19, be blown in selection by winnowing passage 18 by airduct, further dry to the changing food waste after extruding, heat energy is recycled.
Further improvement is, garbage inlet 8 place is provided with baffle plate 9, and be fixedly installed on garbage collection box 1, garbage inlet 8 place is also provided with the hush panel 10 for closed changing food waste, described hush panel 10 is hinged with baffle plate 9, also be provided with back-moving spring 11 between described hush panel 10 and baffle plate 9, the one-tenth inclined-plane, bottom surface of described oil tank inside, its gradient is 10-20 degree.

Claims (7)

1. a changing food waste CIU, comprise garbage collection box (1), incinerator (15), gas cleaning plant (17) and sewage-treatment plant (16), described garbage collection box (1) is connected with incinerator (15), described gas cleaning plant (17) is connected with incinerator (15), filter (4) is provided with in described garbage collection box (1), casing (1) is separated into the solid refuse case (2) on top and the oil tank (3) of bottom by filter (4), described solid refuse case (2) is provided with garbage inlet (8), described oil tank (3) is provided with the blow-off pipe (12) for discharging profit, described sewage-treatment plant (16) is connected with blow-off pipe (12), it is characterized in that: also comprise pressing plate (6) and cylinder (5), described pressing plate (6) is positioned at solid refuse case (2), it is outside that described cylinder (5) is positioned at solid refuse case (2), the piston (7) of cylinder (5) is connected with described pressing plate (6) through solid refuse case (2).
2. a kind of changing food waste CIU according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top of described solid refuse case (2) is provided with the shower nozzle (14) for spraying water to solid refuse case (2), described solid refuse case (2) is provided with detergent container (13), and described detergent container (13) is connected with shower nozzle (14).
3. a kind of changing food waste CIU according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the end face of described solid refuse case (2) is set to ball recess, described shower nozzle (14) is arranged in described ball recess, and described shower nozzle (14) is spherical shower nozzle.
4. a kind of changing food waste CIU according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described garbage collection box (1) is connected by selection by winnowing passage (18) with incinerator (15), airduct is provided with between described incinerator (15) and selection by winnowing passage (18), described airduct one end is connected with incinerator (15), the other end is connected with selection by winnowing passage (18), and described airduct is provided with blower fan (19).
5. a kind of changing food waste CIU according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise baffle plate (9), described baffle plate (9) is positioned at garbage inlet (8) place, and is fixedly installed on casing (1).
6. a kind of changing food waste CIU according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described garbage inlet (8) place is also provided with the hush panel (10) for closed changing food waste, described hush panel (10) is hinged with baffle plate (9), is also provided with back-moving spring (11) between described hush panel (10) and baffle plate (9).
7. a kind of changing food waste CIU according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the one-tenth inclined-plane, bottom surface that described oil tank (3) is inner, and its gradient is 10-20 degree.
CN201520192086.2U 2015-04-01 2015-04-01 A kind of changing food waste CIU Expired - Fee Related CN204534597U (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105329575A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 苏文达 Trash can with automatic cleaning function
CN105329587A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 苏文达 Waste disposable device
CN105329576A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 苏文达 Environment-friendly trash bin
CN105698181A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-22 安徽未名生物环保有限公司 Trash burning treatment device
CN106500112A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-15 北京鸿洲兴业环保科技有限公司 Incinerator charging gear
CN107401745A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-28 朱晓 A kind of agricultural incinerating apparatus
CN109201565A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-15 安徽再制造工程设计中心有限公司 A kind of single-tooth roller cleaning device for surface
WO2020097973A1 (en) * 2018-11-14 2020-05-22 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Combustible waste treatment apparatus

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105329575A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 苏文达 Trash can with automatic cleaning function
CN105329587A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 苏文达 Waste disposable device
CN105329576A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-02-17 苏文达 Environment-friendly trash bin
CN105329575B (en) * 2015-10-30 2018-09-21 安徽中晟展示设计制作有限公司 Automatically it clears the dustbin
CN105698181A (en) * 2016-03-21 2016-06-22 安徽未名生物环保有限公司 Trash burning treatment device
CN105698181B (en) * 2016-03-21 2018-07-20 安徽未名生物环保有限公司 A kind of garbage burning treatment installation
CN106500112A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-15 北京鸿洲兴业环保科技有限公司 Incinerator charging gear
CN106500112B (en) * 2016-12-23 2019-04-19 北京鸿洲兴业环保科技有限公司 Incinerator charging gear
CN107401745A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-11-28 朱晓 A kind of agricultural incinerating apparatus
CN107401745B (en) * 2017-08-11 2019-09-03 浙江思密达智能装备有限公司 A kind of agricultural incinerating apparatus
CN109201565A (en) * 2018-08-13 2019-01-15 安徽再制造工程设计中心有限公司 A kind of single-tooth roller cleaning device for surface
WO2020097973A1 (en) * 2018-11-14 2020-05-22 苏州美生环保科技有限公司 Combustible waste treatment apparatus

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20150805

Termination date: 20160401