CN204529316U - Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment - Google Patents

Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204529316U
CN204529316U CN201520229961.XU CN201520229961U CN204529316U CN 204529316 U CN204529316 U CN 204529316U CN 201520229961 U CN201520229961 U CN 201520229961U CN 204529316 U CN204529316 U CN 204529316U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
heater
graphitizing furnace
graphitizing
section type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520229961.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵聚法
何广祯
宋惠民
赵永钦
张晓�
陈忠臣
王金升
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XINZHENG DONGSHENG CARBON PRODUCTS CO Ltd
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XINZHENG DONGSHENG CARBON PRODUCTS CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201520229961.XU priority Critical patent/CN204529316U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204529316U publication Critical patent/CN204529316U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines

Abstract

The utility model belongs to petrochemical equipment technical field, specifically disclose a kind of two section type graphitizing furnace equipment, comprise body of heater and be located at the furnace water jacket outside body of heater, body of heater is connected successively up and down by calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace and forms, be provided with loading hopper above body of heater, below body of heater, be provided with discharging machine; Described calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace are dismantled and assembled connection, are provided with the first separation between calcining furnace and graphitizing furnace, are provided with the second separation between graphitizing furnace and cool furnace; Multiple combustion chamber is provided with in described calcining furnace.The utility model thermo-efficiency is high, steady quality, waste heat recovery fully and energy consumption is low.

Description

Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment
Technical field
The utility model belongs to petrochemical equipment technical field, relates to a kind of graphitizing furnace equipment, particularly a kind of two section type graphitizing furnace equipment.
Background technology
Refinery coke starts desulfurization usually 1700 DEG C time, and ideal temperature is 2000 DEG C, 2200 DEG C time, start greying, and optimum temps is 2500 DEG C, and the heat treated major equipment of refinery coke is graphitizing furnace.At present, domestic is the vertical greying kiln of acheson furnace and single hop for carrying out the heat treated equipment of refinery coke.Acheson furnace is open type galley body structure, production process is that carbide is longitudinal or laterally arranged side by side, and around carbide filling metallurgical coke and quartz sand, be energized at the length direction of body of heater, utilize the resistance heating of coke, finally make heating object itself also produce resistance heating, adopt in the periphery of coke the waddings such as coke powder, carbon black, silica sand to carry out shielding with heat insulation again.
The defect of existing acheson furnace, inner string graphitization stove and unistage type graphitizing furnace mainly contains:
1, acheson furnace is horizontal, unenclosed construction, and floor space is large, calorific loss is large, energy consumption is high, and product current consumption per ton is about about 4000KW.
The volatile matter uncontrollable discharges such as the sulfurous gas 2, produced in production process, cause severe contamination to environment.
3, adopt and water water cooling mode and carry out coldly managing everywhere, serious waste water resources.
4, product is heated uneven, and core temperature can reach 2600 DEG C, and peripheral temperature is only at about 1000 DEG C, causes product degree of graphitization inequality, quality unstable.
5, the firing temperature of acheson furnace, inner string graphitization stove and unistage type graphitizing furnace all enters graphitizing process from raw-material normal temperature, and the transmission process cycle is long, and current consumption is large.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of thermo-efficiency is high, steady quality, waste heat recovery fully and the low two section type graphitizing furnace equipment of energy consumption.
For achieving the above object, the utility model is by the following technical solutions: two section type graphitizing furnace equipment, comprises body of heater and is located at the furnace water jacket outside body of heater, and body of heater is connected successively up and down by calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace and forms, be provided with loading hopper above body of heater, below body of heater, be provided with discharging machine; Calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace are dismantled and assembled connection, are provided with the first separation between calcining furnace and graphitizing furnace, are provided with the second separation between graphitizing furnace and cool furnace; Multiple combustion chamber is provided with in calcining furnace; Calcining furnace and graphitizing furnace junction are provided with Graphite Electrodes e Foerderanlage, and graphitizing furnace and cool furnace junction are provided with rotating electrode e Foerderanlage; Graphitizing furnace is provided with material-feeding port; Be provided with in calcining furnace and mix sulphur pipe, the one end of mixing sulphur pipe is located at bottom calcining furnace, and the other end stretches out outside body of heater; Mix one end that sulphur pipe stretches out outside body of heater and be connected with flue; Be provided with discharging auger below discharging machine, discharging auger two ends are respectively equipped with blast inlet and air outlet.
Further, the first separation and the second separation are discoid, and first separates outer rim is evenly distributed with Graphite Electrodes installation position, is provided with the first blanking hole group between Graphite Electrodes installation position; Described second separates outer rim is evenly distributed with rotating electrode installation position, and biseptate middle part is provided with outer rotary table, and outer rotary table center is provided with inner rotary table, and outer rotary table and inner rotary table are provided with the second blanking hole group.
Further, calcining furnace is provided with metering house.
Further, mix the sulphur pipe outside, one end of stretching out outside body of heater to be provided with and to mix sulphur pipe water jacket.
Further, watercooling jacket is provided with outside discharging machine.
Further, steel platform is provided with outside body of heater.
Further, flue pillar is connected with below flue.
Further, support is connected with below body of heater.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows: body of heater is connected successively up and down by calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace and forms, raw material directly enters graphitizing furnace and carries out graphitization processing after calcining, reduce heat loss, all recycle for 100-1100 DEG C that produces in calcining petroleum coke process, improve thermo-efficiency, save energy; Acheson furnace ton product current consumption 3800-4500kwh, inner string graphitization stove ton product power consumption 3000-4000 kwh, unistage type vertical graphitizing furnace ton product power consumption 1400-1600 kwh, the utility model two section type graphitizing furnace all can utilize the waste heat of calcination process under upper of furnace body about 1100 DEG C of temperature condition, can directly from 1100 DEG C of intensifications at lower portion of furnace body graphitizing process, product power consumption 1100-1300 kwh per ton, product power consumption per ton is lower than other graphitizing furnaces existing, and energy-saving effect is best; Calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace are dismantled and assembled connection, adopt detachable body of heater, are conducive to overhauling body of heater; Calcining furnace and graphitizing furnace junction are provided with Graphite Electrodes e Foerderanlage, and graphitizing furnace and cool furnace junction are provided with rotating electrode e Foerderanlage, are convenient for changing electrode, are conducive to carrying out continuous seepage, are convenient to Automated condtrol; Calcining furnace is provided with metering house, is conducive to observing production process; Mix the sulphur pipe outside, one end of stretching out outside body of heater to be provided with and to mix sulphur pipe water jacket, the waste gas produced is cooled, is convenient to the post-processed of waste gas.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the first separation;
Fig. 3 is biseptate structural representation.
Embodiment
Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment, as shown in Figure 1, comprise the body of heater be located on basis 25 and the furnace water jacket 18 be located at outside body of heater, body of heater is connected successively by calcining furnace 10, graphitizing furnace 16 and cool furnace about 19 and forms, raw material directly enters graphitizing furnace 16 and carries out greying reaction after calcining furnace 10 is calcined, be provided with loading hopper 11 above body of heater, below body of heater, be provided with discharging machine 21; Calcining furnace 10, graphitizing furnace 16 and cool furnace 19 is dismantled and assembled connection, is provided with the first separation 27 between calcining furnace 10 and graphitizing furnace 16, is provided with the second separation 26 between graphitizing furnace 16 and cool furnace 19; Multiple combustion chamber is provided with in calcining furnace 10; Calcining furnace 10 and graphitizing furnace 16 junction are provided with Graphite Electrodes e Foerderanlage 15, and graphitizing furnace 16 and cool furnace 19 junction are provided with rotating electrode e Foerderanlage 6, and electrode delivery device can supplement the electrode be consumed in process of production, to ensure continuous prodution; Graphitizing furnace 16 is provided with material-feeding port 14, adds raw material by material-feeding port 14; Be provided with in calcining furnace 10 and mix sulphur pipe 13, the one end of mixing sulphur pipe 13 is located at bottom calcining furnace 10, and the other end stretches out outside body of heater; Mix sulphur pipe 13 one end of stretching out outside body of heater and be connected with flue 9, flue 9 is steel flue, and flue 9 is communicated with body of heater to discharge the waste gas of reaction generation by mixing sulphur pipe 13; Be provided with the discharging auger 3 of translator 24 below discharging machine 21, discharging auger 3 two ends are respectively equipped with blast inlet 2 and air outlet 23, and the graphite that discharging auger 3 can transport generation is in time broken, ensure continuous prodution.First separation 27 and the second separation 26 are discoid, and first separates 27 outer rims is evenly distributed with Graphite Electrodes installation position 32, is provided with the first blanking hole group 33 between Graphite Electrodes installation position 32; Second separates 26 outer rims is evenly distributed with rotating electrode installation position 31, the middle part of the second separation 26 is provided with outer rotary table 28, outer rotary table 28 center is provided with inner rotary table 29, and outer rotary table 28 and inner rotary table 29 are provided with the second blanking hole group 30, and outer rotary table 28 and inner rotary table 29 can drive material to rotate.Calcining furnace 10 is provided with metering house 12, is provided with thermoscope, manometer and peephole in metering house 12, detects the reaction process in body of heater.Mix sulphur pipe 13 outside, one end of stretching out outside body of heater to be provided with and to mix sulphur pipe water jacket 8, the waste gas produced is cooled, so that later stage desulfurization process.Watercooling jacket 20 is provided with outside discharging machine 21.Steel platform 5 is provided with outside body of heater.Flue pillar 4 is connected with below flue 9.Support 22 is connected with below body of heater.
Raw material enters calcining furnace 10 from loading hopper 11, in calcining furnace 10, in calcination process, mix sulphur pipe 13 stir raw material bottom calcining furnace 10, graphitizing furnace 16 is entered after calcining, graphitization processing is carried out in graphitizing furnace 16, Graphite Electrodes and rotating electrode is provided with in graphitizing furnace 16, greying reaction is carried out in the electric field that raw material is formed at Graphite Electrodes and rotating electrode, cool in reacted product introduction cool furnace 19 in graphitizing furnace 16, cooled further again by outside watercooling jacket 20 after entering discharging machine 21, product is made to be cooled to less than 100 DEG C, cooled product is transported by discharging auger 3.

Claims (8)

1. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment, comprises body of heater and is located at the furnace water jacket outside body of heater, it is characterized in that: described body of heater is connected successively up and down by calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace and forms, and is provided with loading hopper, is provided with discharging machine below body of heater above body of heater; Described calcining furnace, graphitizing furnace and cool furnace are dismantled and assembled connection, are provided with the first separation between calcining furnace and graphitizing furnace, are provided with the second separation between graphitizing furnace and cool furnace; Multiple combustion chamber is provided with in described calcining furnace; Described calcining furnace and graphitizing furnace junction are provided with Graphite Electrodes e Foerderanlage, and graphitizing furnace and cool furnace junction are provided with rotating electrode e Foerderanlage; Described graphitizing furnace is provided with material-feeding port; Be provided with in described calcining furnace and mix sulphur pipe, the one end of mixing sulphur pipe is located at bottom calcining furnace, and the other end stretches out outside body of heater; Describedly mix one end that sulphur pipe stretches out outside body of heater and be connected with flue; Be provided with discharging auger below described discharging machine, discharging auger two ends are respectively equipped with blast inlet and air outlet.
2. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described first separation and the second separation are discoid, and first separates outer rim is evenly distributed with Graphite Electrodes installation position, is provided with the first blanking hole group between Graphite Electrodes installation position; Described second separates outer rim is evenly distributed with rotating electrode installation position, and biseptate middle part is provided with outer rotary table, and outer rotary table center is provided with inner rotary table, and outer rotary table and inner rotary table are provided with the second blanking hole group.
3. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described calcining furnace is provided with metering house.
4. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described in mix the sulphur pipe outside, one end of stretching out outside body of heater and be provided with and mix sulphur pipe water jacket.
5. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: be provided with watercooling jacket outside described discharging machine.
6. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: be provided with steel platform outside described body of heater.
7. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: be connected with flue pillar below described flue.
8. two section type graphitizing furnace equipment as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that: be connected with support below described body of heater.
CN201520229961.XU 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment Withdrawn - After Issue CN204529316U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520229961.XU CN204529316U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520229961.XU CN204529316U (en) 2015-04-16 2015-04-16 Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204529316U true CN204529316U (en) 2015-08-05

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104724702A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-06-24 新郑市东升炭素有限公司 Double-section graphitization furnace equipment and production process
CN106241791A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 无锡东恒新能源科技有限公司 A kind of integration stagewise graphitizing furnace

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104724702A (en) * 2015-04-16 2015-06-24 新郑市东升炭素有限公司 Double-section graphitization furnace equipment and production process
CN104724702B (en) * 2015-04-16 2016-06-01 新郑市东升炭素有限公司 Two section type graphitizing furnace equipment and production technique
CN106241791A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-21 无锡东恒新能源科技有限公司 A kind of integration stagewise graphitizing furnace

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150805

Effective date of abandoning: 20160601

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting