CN204509441U - A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities - Google Patents

A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204509441U
CN204509441U CN201520162400.2U CN201520162400U CN204509441U CN 204509441 U CN204509441 U CN 204509441U CN 201520162400 U CN201520162400 U CN 201520162400U CN 204509441 U CN204509441 U CN 204509441U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ceramic particle
composite
facilities
furnace
crucible
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520162400.2U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
牛立斌
许臻
杜双明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xian University of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Xian University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian University of Science and Technology filed Critical Xian University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201520162400.2U priority Critical patent/CN204509441U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204509441U publication Critical patent/CN204509441U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, comprise support, melting appartus and centrifugal casting equipment, melting appartus comprises shell, process furnace, crucible and reinforced stirring mechanism, process furnace is arranged in the enclosure, crucible is arranged in process furnace, crucible bottom is provided with slurry vent pipe, the entrance end of slurry vent pipe is provided with discharging slurry mechanism, top cover is provided with above shell, reinforced stirring mechanism comprises fixed link and stir shaft, fixed link one end is connected with support and energy up-down adjustment link position, the fixed link the other end is provided with agitator motor, stir shaft upper end is connected with agitator motor, stir shaft lower end is passed top cover and is provided with feeder and agitating vane, centrifugal casting equipment comprises holding furnace and casting cylinder, and support is provided with rotary drive mechanism, and slurry vent pipe is positioned at casting cylinder.The utility model can guarantee that ceramic particle is dispersed in metal melt, prevents molten metal oxidization air-breathing, improves prepared product performance.

Description

A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of device for MMCs, especially relates to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities.
Background technology
The progress of modern science and technology, proposes more and more higher requirement to metal-base composites, facilitates the research to metal-base composites.Ceramic particle is wild phase best in magnesium base composite material, and uses in recent years at most.The method preparing ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material conventional is stirring casting method, its be using directly join as the ceramic particle of wild phase the fusing completely of high-speed stirring or partial melting as in the metal melt of matrix, after stirring for some time, molten metal is cast in mould and forms ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material.There is following shortcoming in the preparation facilities adopted in stirring casting method preparation process: (1) is due in the case of a high temperature, repulsive interaction is there is between ceramic particle and metal melt, cause ceramic particle well can not incorporate metal melt, the add-on of ceramic particle is subject to a definite limitation; (2) in casting process, ceramic particle is easily assembled agglomerating, and ceramic particle sinks and causes skewness under the influence of gravity, causes the ceramic particle skewness in prepared ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material; (3) because preparation facilities is open design, and to build also be carry out in open environment, so easy entrained air, makes the ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material performance obtained not be very good.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities is provided, its structure is simple, reasonable in design and use easy to operate, ceramic particle can be made well to incorporate in metal melt, guarantee that ceramic particle is dispersed in metal melt, prevent molten metal oxidization air-breathing, improve prepared product performance.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, it is characterized in that: comprise the melting appartus in support and rack-mount portion and be arranged on the centrifugal casting equipment of support bottom, described melting appartus comprises shell, process furnace, crucible and reinforced stirring mechanism, described process furnace is arranged in the enclosure, described crucible is arranged in process furnace, the bottom of described crucible is provided with slurry vent pipe, the entrance end of described slurry vent pipe is provided with discharging slurry mechanism, the top cover be mated is provided with above described shell, described reinforced stirring mechanism comprises fixed link and stir shaft, one end of described fixed link is connected with support and can up-down adjustment link position, the other end of described fixed link is provided with agitator motor, the upper end of described stir shaft is connected with the output shaft of agitator motor, the lower end of described stir shaft is passed top cover and stretches in crucible, the lower end of described stir shaft is provided with feeder and agitating vane, described feeder is positioned at the top of agitating vane, described centrifugal casting equipment comprises holding furnace and is arranged on casting cylinder on holding furnace, described support is provided with the rotary drive mechanism for driving casting cylinder to rotate together with holding furnace, the exit end of described slurry vent pipe passes the cover of casting cylinder and is positioned at casting cylinder.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, it is characterized in that: described discharging slurry mechanism comprises tapered plug and lifting rod, the lower end of described lifting rod is fixedly connected with tapered plug, the upper end of described lifting rod passes top cover and is positioned at outside top cover, the shape of described lifting rod is L shape, and described tapered plug coordinates with the entrance end of slurry vent pipe.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, it is characterized in that: described rotary drive mechanism comprises motor mounting rack, drive-motor and swivel mount, described drive-motor is arranged on motor mounting rack, the output shaft of described drive-motor is fixedly connected with the lower end of swivel mount, the upper end of described swivel mount is fixedly connected with the bottom of casting cylinder, described holding furnace is arranged on swivel mount, and described motor mounting rack is fixed on support.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, is characterized in that: described top cover is equipped with the argon gas pipeline passing into argon gas in crucible, and described argon gas pipeline is provided with valve, and described argon gas pipeline is communicated with argon gas source.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, is characterized in that: described feeder is square stainless (steel) wire.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, is characterized in that: described top cover is equipped with the first thermopair for measuring temperature in crucible, and described casting cylinder is outside equipped with the second thermopair for measuring casting cylinder temperature.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, it is characterized in that: described fixed link is connected with bracket slide, described fixed link is fixed on support by puller bolt.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, it is characterized in that: described support is fixed with fixed frame, the bottom of described process furnace is arranged in fixed frame.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, is characterized in that: described process furnace and holding furnace are resistance furnace.
Above-mentioned a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, is characterized in that: described crucible is Stainless Steel Crucible.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, the utility model structure is simple, reasonable in design and use easy to operate.
2, feeder is installed in the lower end of the utility model stir shaft, in feeder, ceramic performs is put into during use, such ceramic performs that can make evenly spreads in metal melt, efficiently solve to exist between ceramic particle and metal melt under high-temperature condition and repel and cause ceramic particle well can not incorporate problem in metal melt, ensure that the add-on of pottery.
3, centrifugal casting equipment of the present utility model, slurries in casting process are kept in motion under the influence of centrifugal force all the time, can prevent ceramic particle from assembling agglomerating, ensure that ceramic particle is uniformly distributed in metal melt, well improve product performance.
4, the utility model top cover is equipped with the argon gas pipeline passing into argon gas in crucible, argon gas can be passed into as shielding gas before melting in crucible, can effectively prevent metal melt from whipping process, oxidation air-breathing occurring; In addition, fusing and casting are all carried out under enclosed environment, the product performance prepared by improving further, and security is high.
5, melting appartus and centrifugal casting equipment become one by the utility model, can prepare ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material fast, effectively improve preparation efficiency, and equipment cost is cheap, are convenient to manufacture.
Below by drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model feeder.
Description of reference numerals:
1-top cover; 2-fixed link; 3-process furnace;
4-crucible; 5-feeder; 6-lifting rod;
7-valve; 8-agitating vane; 9-slurry vent pipe;
10-argon gas source; 11-agitator motor; 12-shell;
13-tapered plug; 14-stir shaft; 15-puller bolt;
16-casting cylinder; 17-holding furnace; 18-swivel mount;
19-drive-motor; 20-argon gas pipeline; 21-the second thermopair;
22-motor mounting rack; 23-support; 24-the first thermopair;
25-fixed frame.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises support 23 and is arranged on the melting appartus on support 23 top and is arranged on the centrifugal casting equipment of support 23 bottom, described melting appartus comprises shell 12, process furnace 3, crucible 4 and reinforced stirring mechanism, described process furnace 3 is arranged in shell 12, described crucible 4 is arranged in process furnace 3, the bottom of described crucible 4 is provided with slurry vent pipe 9, the entrance end of described slurry vent pipe 9 is provided with discharging slurry mechanism, the top cover 1 be mated is provided with above described shell 12, described reinforced stirring mechanism comprises fixed link 2 and stir shaft 14, one end of described fixed link 2 is connected with support 23 and can up-down adjustment link position, the other end of described fixed link 2 is provided with agitator motor 11, the upper end of described stir shaft 14 is connected with the output shaft of agitator motor 11, the lower end of described stir shaft 14 is passed top cover 1 and stretches in crucible 4, the lower end of described stir shaft 14 is provided with feeder 5 and agitating vane 8, described feeder 5 is positioned at the top of agitating vane 8, described centrifugal casting equipment comprises holding furnace 17 and is arranged on casting cylinder 16 on holding furnace 17, described support 23 is provided with the rotary drive mechanism for driving casting cylinder 16 to rotate together with holding furnace 17, the exit end of described slurry vent pipe 9 passes the cover of casting cylinder 16 and is positioned at casting cylinder 16.
As shown in Figure 1, described discharging slurry mechanism comprises tapered plug 13 and lifting rod 6, the lower end of described lifting rod 6 is fixedly connected with tapered plug 13, the upper end of described lifting rod 6 passes top cover 1 and is positioned at outside top cover 1, the shape of described lifting rod 6 is L shape, and described tapered plug 13 coordinates with the entrance end of slurry vent pipe 9.MAGNESIUM METAL is when melting, and tapered plug 13 is in the entrance end place of slurry vent pipe 9, to be closed by slurry vent pipe 9; When needs are built, above carry lifting rod 6, extracted by the entrance end of tapered plug 13 from slurry vent pipe 9, then slurries enter in casting cylinder 16 through slurry vent pipe 9.
As shown in Figure 1, described rotary drive mechanism comprises motor mounting rack 22, drive-motor 19 and swivel mount 18, described drive-motor 19 is arranged on motor mounting rack 22, the output shaft of described drive-motor 19 is fixedly connected with the lower end of swivel mount 18, the upper end of described swivel mount 18 is fixedly connected with the bottom of casting cylinder 16, described holding furnace 17 is arranged on swivel mount 18, and described motor mounting rack 22 is fixed on support 23.During work, drive-motor 19 driven rotary frame 18 rotates, and swivel mount 18 drives casting cylinder 16 to rotate together with holding furnace 17.
As shown in Figure 1, described top cover 1 is equipped with the argon gas pipeline 20 passing into argon gas in crucible 4, described argon gas pipeline 20 is provided with valve 7, described argon gas pipeline 20 is communicated with argon gas source 10.Before fusing, open valve 7, in crucible 4, pass into argon gas as shielding gas, prevent MAGNESIUM METAL to be at high temperature oxidized air-breathing.
As shown in Figure 2, described feeder 5 is square stainless (steel) wire, and stainless steel has good resistance to elevated temperatures.
As shown in Figure 1, described top cover 1 being equipped with the first thermopair 24 for measuring temperature in crucible 4, by the first thermopair 24 measured temperature, controlling the Heating temperature of process furnace 3 in time; Described casting cylinder 16 is outside equipped with the second thermopair 21 for measuring casting cylinder 16 temperature, by the second thermopair 21 measured temperature, controls the Heating temperature of holding furnace 17 in time.
As shown in Figure 1, described fixed link 2 is slidably connected with support 23, and described fixed link 2 is fixed on support 23 by puller bolt 15, is convenient to regulate, and easy to connect.
As shown in Figure 1, described support 23 is fixed with fixed frame 25, the bottom of described process furnace 3 is arranged in fixed frame 25, the setting of fixed frame 25, is convenient to process furnace 3 to be fixed on support 23.
In the present embodiment, described process furnace 3 and holding furnace 17 are resistance furnace.
In the present embodiment, described crucible 4 is Stainless Steel Crucible, and resistance to elevated temperatures is good.
Working process of the present utility model is: be pressed into ceramic performs after 1) adding polyvinyl alcohol in ceramic particle, ceramic performs is put into feeder 5, and make feeder 5 be positioned at the port of crucible 4 adjusted position on stir shaft 14, tapered plug 13 is placed in the entrance end place of slurry vent pipe 9, MAGNESIUM METAL is put in crucible 4, open valve 7 and pass into argon gas in crucible 4, the air in crucible 4 discharges crucible 4 by gap; 2) argon gas is passed into after about 20 minutes, open process furnace 3, by the MAGNESIUM METAL heating in process furnace 3 pairs of crucibles 4, when after MAGNESIUM METAL fusing, make agitating vane 8 be placed in the bottom of crucible 4 stir shaft 14 times adjusted position, process furnace 3 continues heating, melt in metal melt until ceramic performs and be distributed to after in metallic matrix, open agitator motor 11, then agitator motor 11 drives stir shaft 14 to rotate, and agitating vane 8 stirs and ceramic solution and MAGNESIUM METAL solution are thoroughly mixed to form slurry; 3) open holding furnace 17 to the preheating of casting cylinder 16, prevent slurry precooling from solidifying; When being preheating to technique and being temperature required, raise stir shaft 14, above carry lifting rod 6, then slurry enters in casting cylinder 16 by slurry vent pipe 9; 4) close holding furnace 17, open drive-motor 19, drive-motor 19 drives casting cylinder 16 to rotate together with holding furnace 17 and produces centrifugal action to slurries; After slurry cooling forms matrix material, close drive-motor 19, take out shaping matrix material.
The above; it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not the utility model is imposed any restrictions; every above embodiment is done according to the utility model technical spirit any simple modification, change and equivalent structure transformation, all still belong in the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities, it is characterized in that: comprise support (23) and be arranged on the melting appartus on support (23) top and be arranged on the centrifugal casting equipment of support (23) bottom, described melting appartus comprises shell (12), process furnace (3), crucible (4) and reinforced stirring mechanism, described process furnace (3) is arranged in shell (12), described crucible (4) is arranged in process furnace (3), the bottom of described crucible (4) is provided with slurry vent pipe (9), the entrance end of described slurry vent pipe (9) is provided with discharging slurry mechanism, described shell (12) top is provided with the top cover (1) be mated, described reinforced stirring mechanism comprises fixed link (2) and stir shaft (14), one end of described fixed link (2) is connected with support (23) and can up-down adjustment link position, the other end of described fixed link (2) is provided with agitator motor (11), the upper end of described stir shaft (14) is connected with the output shaft of agitator motor (11), the lower end of described stir shaft (14) is passed top cover (1) and stretches in crucible (4), the lower end of described stir shaft (14) is provided with feeder (5) and agitating vane (8), described feeder (5) is positioned at the top of agitating vane (8), described centrifugal casting equipment comprises holding furnace (17) and is arranged on casting cylinder (16) on holding furnace (17), described support (23) is provided with the rotary drive mechanism for driving casting cylinder (16) and holding furnace (17) to rotate together, the exit end of described slurry vent pipe (9) passes the cover of casting cylinder (16) and is positioned at casting cylinder (16).
2. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described discharging slurry mechanism comprises tapered plug (13) and lifting rod (6), the lower end of described lifting rod (6) is fixedly connected with tapered plug (13), the upper end of described lifting rod (6) passes top cover (1) and is positioned at top cover (1) outward, the shape of described lifting rod (6) is L shape, and described tapered plug (13) coordinates with the entrance end of slurry vent pipe (9).
3. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described rotary drive mechanism comprises motor mounting rack (22), drive-motor (19) and swivel mount (18), described drive-motor (19) is arranged on motor mounting rack (22), the output shaft of described drive-motor (19) is fixedly connected with the lower end of swivel mount (18), the upper end of described swivel mount (18) is fixedly connected with the bottom of casting cylinder (16), described holding furnace (17) is arranged on swivel mount (18), described motor mounting rack (22) is fixed on support (23).
4. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described top cover (1) is equipped with the argon gas pipeline (20) passing into argon gas in crucible (4), described argon gas pipeline (20) is provided with valve (7), and described argon gas pipeline (20) is communicated with argon gas source (10).
5. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described feeder (5) is square stainless (steel) wire.
6. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described top cover (1) is equipped with the first thermopair (24) for measuring crucible (4) interior temperature, described casting cylinder (16) is outside equipped with the second thermopair (21) for measuring casting cylinder (16) temperature.
7. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described fixed link (2) and support (23) are slidably connected, and described fixed link (2) is fixed on support (23) by puller bolt (15).
8. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described support (23) is fixed with fixed frame (25), the bottom of described process furnace (3) is arranged in fixed frame (25).
9. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described process furnace (3) and holding furnace (17) are resistance furnace.
10. according to a kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described crucible (4) is Stainless Steel Crucible.
CN201520162400.2U 2015-03-21 2015-03-21 A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities Expired - Fee Related CN204509441U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520162400.2U CN204509441U (en) 2015-03-21 2015-03-21 A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520162400.2U CN204509441U (en) 2015-03-21 2015-03-21 A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204509441U true CN204509441U (en) 2015-07-29

Family

ID=53707435

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520162400.2U Expired - Fee Related CN204509441U (en) 2015-03-21 2015-03-21 A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204509441U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105063446A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-18 中国兵器工业第五九研究所 Preparing method of particle reinforcement magnesium-based composite
CN109855427A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-06-07 河北丰维机械制造有限公司 A kind of vacuum melting furnace with agitating function

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105063446A (en) * 2015-08-12 2015-11-18 中国兵器工业第五九研究所 Preparing method of particle reinforcement magnesium-based composite
CN105063446B (en) * 2015-08-12 2017-09-19 中国兵器工业第五九研究所 A kind of particle reinforced magnesium base compound material preparation method
CN109855427A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-06-07 河北丰维机械制造有限公司 A kind of vacuum melting furnace with agitating function

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106086530B (en) The preparation method and its device of a kind of in-situ Al-base composition
CN101539365B (en) Smelting furnace with mechanical agitation and high-energy ultrasonic processing and smelting method thereof
CN103862005B (en) A kind of device and using method thereof of preparing metal-base composites or semi solid slurry
CN104152727B (en) A kind of particle enhanced aluminum-based composite material stirring casting preparation facilities and preparation method
CN104988343B (en) A kind of air cooling multitube stirring prepares the device and method of light alloy semisolid slurry
CN107159887B (en) Forming method of heating material based on microwave absorption
CN204509441U (en) A kind of ceramic particle reinforced magnesium-based composite material preparation facilities
CN102620575A (en) Device for preparing magnesium alloy semi-solid slurry by gas stirring
CN105478706A (en) Method and device for preparing large-size solidified metastable sheets through centrifugal casting
CN109732052A (en) A kind of pressure casting method filtering cavity
CN108588471A (en) The one-step method for synthesizing of the copper base electrode material of ceramic particle containing nano-zirconium carbide
CN107457382A (en) A kind of semi-solid rheological Die Casting device
CN104451239B (en) Al3tipthe powder thixotropic forming preparation method of/Al base in-situ composite
CN105238946A (en) Preparation device for carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum matrix composite and continuous preparation method of preparation device
CN101613809B (en) Device for preparing particle reinforcing metal based compound material
CN105817590B (en) Device for preparing semi-solid alloy slurry in full-automatic mode
CN103924116B (en) A kind of low-voltage pulse magnetic field effect is lower to improve the method that SiC particulate is distributed in magnesium-based composite material
CN205660123U (en) Full -automatic preparation semi -solid alloy slurry's device
CN106756141A (en) The gas shield solid-liquid mixing coagulation system of Cu Nb in-situ composites
CN202779647U (en) Semisolid nonferrous metal continuous casting device
CN103352164A (en) Method for preparing carbon nano tube cast steel composite material through precast block
CN1470344A (en) High-smelting-point semi-solid metal sizing-material continuous preparation process and apparatus
CN206215878U (en) A kind of Gravity Permanent-Mold Casting Process mould for preparing magnesium alloy ingot sample
CN103553621B (en) The preparation method of silicon carbide hydrogen collector
CN104357702A (en) Device and method for preparing semi-solid slurry of nano Al2O3 particle reinforced aluminum base composite material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150729

Termination date: 20160321