CN204504296U - A kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool - Google Patents

A kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204504296U
CN204504296U CN201520165267.6U CN201520165267U CN204504296U CN 204504296 U CN204504296 U CN 204504296U CN 201520165267 U CN201520165267 U CN 201520165267U CN 204504296 U CN204504296 U CN 204504296U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
recessed
clamping
leaf spring
square hole
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520165267.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨毅
王昕�
刘亮
胡成林
王涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI ANKAI JINDA MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI ANKAI JINDA MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520165267.6U priority Critical patent/CN204504296U/en
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Publication of CN204504296U publication Critical patent/CN204504296U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to vehicle component processing technique field, specifically relates to a kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool.Front axle is placed and lifting body comprises and is placed in front axle both sides and encloses by two pieces of recessed risers the clamping zone formed, and is provided with oil cylinder and makes front axle leave contact surface between itself and load-bearing bearing and upwards jacking between two pieces of recessed risers; Recessed riser top has the square hole entering for bushing plate or leave, the width of this square hole is greater than the thickness of bushing plate, and the two pieces of bushing plates being placed in front axle both sides realize entering or leaving the square hole of recessed riser to realize being opened at the top of clamping zone or closing by propulsive mechanism.By the spacing and location of the connecting rod synchronous clamping that adopts during Fixture Design, each action of clamping process and the comprehensive fixation of final three-dimensional, effectively can ensure the machining accuracy (comprising the horizontal and longitudinal symmetry of product and pitch-row) of product, enable product reach the final mass object of its use.

Description

A kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool
Technical field
The utility model relates to vehicle component processing technique field, specifically relates to a kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool.
Background technology
At present, heavily card, passenger traffic and bus series automobiles front axle, be the important safety part in automobile chassis installing component, its crudy will relate to the traffic safety in Integral automobile running.In the middle part of front axle, left and right plane is called leaf spring face, on it, the effect in hole is connected with automobile chassis to use, also be the important preceding working procedure guarantee as follow-up front axle two ends kingpin bore (kingpin bore exists certain inclination angle and wall thickness requirement, is the important installation position of the parts such as knuckle, wheel hub in assembling automobile front axle assembly) crudy in addition; Locating hole and the front axle two ends kingpin bore of front-axle leaf spring face center must ensure on the same line, symmetry deviation does not allow more than 1mm, otherwise main pin holes of fore axis wall thickness can be caused not reach technical requirement and automobile front axle assembly produces the quality problems such as sideslip in motion; Front axle left and right directions entire length direction also needs to ensure symmetry in addition, otherwise main pin holes of fore axis wall thickness can be caused equally defective.
Existing processing mode means are comparatively outmoded, and frock precision can not be guaranteed, low easy to wear, the manpower working strength of frock intensity is large, and working (machining) efficiency is relatively low.
Utility model content
For the technical problem existed in prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool that can meet requirement on machining accuracy and promote working (machining) efficiency.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool, for location, clamping front axle, comprise passive base plate and be placed in the base of base plate bottom, also comprise front axle place and lifting body, front axle left and right clamp system and bushing plate put into taking-up governor motion;
Described front axle is placed and lifting body comprises and is placed in front axle both sides and encloses by two pieces of recessed risers the clamping zone formed, the inner side of this clamping zone indent riser is provided with load-bearing bearing, is provided with oil cylinder and makes front axle leave contact surface between itself and load-bearing bearing and upwards jacking between two pieces of recessed risers;
Described bushing plate is put into taking-up governor motion and is comprised the upper cover plate being placed in recessed riser top, described recessed riser top has the square hole entering for bushing plate or leave, the width of this square hole is greater than the thickness of bushing plate, and the two pieces of bushing plates being placed in front axle both sides realize entering or leaving the square hole of recessed riser to realize being opened at the top of clamping zone or closing by propulsive mechanism.
In the clamping tool of this front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location, the bottom of described recessed riser is connected by square chest base plate, is supported between two pieces of recessed risers of front axle both sides by reinforcement.
In the clamping tool of this front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location, described propulsive mechanism comprises the U-shaped tie-beam be placed in outside recessed riser, the two ends of this U-shaped tie-beam are connected with two pieces of bushing plates, middle part is connected with the cylinder one being placed in base plate top, makes U-shaped tie-beam drive two pieces of bushing plates to enter or leave the square hole of recessed riser by cylinder one work.
In the clamping tool of this front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location, the end of described bushing plate is connected with contiguous block, this contiguous block is connected with slide block, and slide block engages with the guide rail be placed on U-shaped tie-beam, and when bushing plate moves up and down in the square hole of recessed riser, U-shaped tie-beam there is no knee-action.
In the clamping tool of this front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location, the both sides of described bushing plate are provided with conic sleeve, the taper pin matched with conic sleeve is provided with in upper cover plate, when bushing plate closes clamping zone, make the bushing plate being in front axle two upper lateral part move up until propped up by the end face of square hole by cylinder jacking front axle, taper pin inserts in conic sleeve and makes bushing plate cannot leave the square hole of recessed riser.
In the clamping tool of this front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location, the bottom of described recessed riser upper aperture is provided with crashproof bearing, and the end face of this crashproof bearing, a little more than the bottom surface of square hole, drives anticollision shaft to forward dynamic when bushing plate moves in square hole.
In the clamping tool of this front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location, described front axle left and right clamp system comprises the roller and connecting rod ASSY, cylinder two support two, support one that are placed in front axle two ends side, the pushing ram of cylinder two and connecting rod ASSY are articulated with on support two, the other end of connecting rod ASSY is hinged with on support one, stretched by the pushing ram of cylinder two, realize two rollers close to each other or deviate from, to clamp or to decontrol front axle.
Front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location of the present utility model clamping tool, its beneficial effect shows:
1), by the clamping of frock two ends and the coordinating of main body, the high-quality processing completing hole on front-axle leaf spring face, thus in follow-up process, utilize the hole on leaf spring face to complete the processing of kingpin bore, guarantee its crudy.Each parts that design and produce of frock use bolt connection fastening, and reduce the volume of easy-abrasion part, damageable zone can be changed in time, reduces the cost of frock follow-up maintenance.
2), by the spacing and location of the connecting rod synchronous clamping that adopts during Fixture Design, each action of clamping process and the comprehensive fixation of final three-dimensional, effectively can ensure the machining accuracy (comprising the horizontal and longitudinal symmetry of product and pitch-row) of product, enable product reach the final mass object of its use.Frock is when designing connecting rod ASSY and bushing plate size, and for all front axle Total Product height, drop, sagitta, the data such as pitch-row, axial length are all taken into account, have the versatility that different front axle product all can be processed in this frock.
3), pneumatic and hydraulic means is utilized, remove measurement, the tightening of hold down gag before the processing of common frock from, overturn equal time, and the installation way taked can save a large amount of time by more common installation way, and the lifting for production capacity provides effective guarantee.This frock 3 kinds of adopting are pneumatic, hydraulic stroke by the Single switch asynchronous controlling of electromagnetic relay, significantly can promote the operating efficiency in practical operation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool.
Fig. 2 is the A-A direction view in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
For further describing the utility model, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.A kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool shown in Fig. 1 and 2, comprise passive base plate 15 and be placed in the base 21 of base plate 15 bottom, also comprise front axle place and lifting body, front axle left and right clamp system and bushing plate put into taking-up governor motion.
Front axle is placed and lifting body comprises and is placed in front axle both sides and encloses by two pieces of recessed risers 2 clamping zone formed, the inner side of this clamping zone indent riser 2 is provided with and is provided with oil cylinder 14 between load-bearing bearing 9, two pieces of recessed risers 2 and makes front axle leave contact surface between itself and load-bearing bearing 9 and upwards jacking.The bottom of recessed riser 2 is connected by square chest base plate 11, is supported between two pieces of recessed risers 2 of front axle both sides by reinforcement 8.
Bushing plate is put into taking-up governor motion and is comprised the upper cover plate 1 being placed in recessed riser 2 top, recessed riser 2 top has the square hole 22 entering for bushing plate 3 or leave, the width of this square hole 22 is greater than the thickness of bushing plate 3, and the two pieces of bushing plates 3 being placed in front axle both sides realize entering or leaving the square hole 22 of recessed riser 2 to realize being opened at the top of clamping zone or closing by propulsive mechanism.
Propulsive mechanism comprises the U-shaped tie-beam 6 be placed in outside recessed riser 2, the two ends of this U-shaped tie-beam 6 are connected with two pieces of bushing plates 3, middle part is connected with the cylinder 1 being placed in base plate 15 top, makes U-shaped tie-beam 6 drive two pieces of bushing plates 3 to enter or leave the square hole 22 of recessed riser 2 by cylinder 1 work.
The end of bushing plate 3 is connected with contiguous block 4, and this contiguous block 4 is connected with slide block 23, and slide block 23 engages with the guide rail 5 be placed on U-shaped tie-beam 6, and when bushing plate 3 moves up and down in the square hole 22 of recessed riser 2, U-shaped tie-beam 6 there is no knee-action.
The both sides of bushing plate 3 are provided with conic sleeve 12, the taper pin 13 matched with conic sleeve 12 is provided with in upper cover plate 1, when bushing plate 3 closes clamping zone, make the bushing plate 3 being in front axle two upper lateral part move up until propped up by the end face of square hole 22 by oil cylinder 14 jacking front axle, taper pin 13 inserts in conic sleeve 12 square hole 22 making bushing plate 3 cannot leave recessed riser 2.
The bottom of recessed riser 2 upper aperture 22 is provided with crashproof bearing 10, and the end face of this crashproof bearing 10, a little more than the bottom surface of square hole 22, drives crashproof bearing 10 to rotate when bushing plate 3 moves in square hole 22.
Front axle left and right clamp system comprises the roller 17 and connecting rod ASSY 20, cylinder 2 19 support 2 18, support 1 that are placed in front axle two ends side, the pushing ram of cylinder 2 19 and connecting rod ASSY 20 are articulated with on support 2 18, the other end of connecting rod ASSY 20 is hinged with on support 1, stretched by the pushing ram of cylinder 2 19, realize two rollers 17 close to each other or deviate from, to clamp or to decontrol front axle.
Front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location of the present utility model clamping tool is used for location, clamping front axle, is divided into three clamping movement step:
One, two ends synchronous clamping step:
Connecting rod ASSY 20 is fixed on base plate 15 by support 1 and support 2 18, by the pulling action of cylinder 2 19, can make and opens space closed action by drivening rod assembly 20 outer arm, by the laminating of roller 17 with workpiece (front axle), implement clamping.Otherwise then can unclamp workpiece.
Two, the putting into and take out step of bore template:
Bushing plate 3 is inlayed the conic sleeve 12 for location fit, cylinder 1 is after carrying out stroke-limit, by moving back and forth, driving bushing plate 3, contiguous block 4, slide block 23, guide rail 5 and U-shaped tie-beam 6 to implement to move back and forth, namely completing putting into and taking-up of bushing plate 3.Meanwhile, for reducing wear, bushing plate 3 and recessed riser 2 install crashproof bearing 10 additional, and there is certain gap, and sliding friction is changed into rolling friction.
Three, the lifting compaction step of workpiece:
The load-bearing main body of workpiece is the recessed riser 2 connected by reinforcement 8, enter after in frock until work piece hoisting, by load-bearing bearing 9, workpiece can be kept level, in the process of clamping action one, workpiece will move left and right according to putting into position, now sliding friction will be converted into rolling friction by the mode of rotating by load-bearing bearing 9, reduces resistance and wearing and tearing; In the process of clamping action one, clamping action two due to temporarily not with absorption surface, can synchronously complete; After the first two action completes, oil cylinder 14 will by workpiece up lifting bushing plate 3 of fitting, and workpiece two ends are limited by roller 17, cannot produce length travel; After workpiece and bushing plate 3 lifting, inlaying conic sleeve 12 in bushing plate 3 can closely cooperate with the taper pin 13 in the upper cover plate 1 be fastened on recessed riser 2, and now due to the effect of hydraulic pressure, workpiece all cannot produce movement in three dimensions, can process.Otherwise putting down then for workpiece.
All three clamping actions realize a switch by electromagnetic relay and control.
Above content is only to design example of the present utility model and explanation; affiliated those skilled in the art make various amendment to described specific embodiment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute; only otherwise depart from the design of utility model or surmount this scope as defined in the claims, protection domain of the present utility model all should be belonged to.

Claims (7)

1. a front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool, for location, clamping front axle, comprise passive base plate (15) and be placed in the base (21) of base plate (15) bottom, it is characterized in that: this frock also comprises front axle placement and lifting body, front axle left and right clamp system and bushing plate put into taking-up governor motion;
Described front axle is placed and lifting body comprises and is placed in front axle both sides and encloses by two pieces of recessed risers (2) clamping zone formed, the inner side of this clamping zone indent riser (2) is provided with load-bearing bearing (9), is provided with oil cylinder (14) and makes front axle leave contact surface between itself and load-bearing bearing (9) and upwards jacking between two pieces of recessed risers (2);
Described bushing plate is put into taking-up governor motion and is comprised the upper cover plate (1) being placed in recessed riser (2) top, described recessed riser (2) top has the square hole (22) entering for bushing plate (3) or leave, the width of this square hole (22) is greater than the thickness of bushing plate (3), and the two pieces of bushing plates (3) being placed in front axle both sides realize entering or leaving the square hole (22) of recessed riser (2) to realize being opened at the top of clamping zone or closing by propulsive mechanism.
2. front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location according to claim 1 clamping tool, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described recessed riser (2) is connected by square chest base plate (11), is supported between two pieces of recessed risers (2) of front axle both sides by reinforcement (8).
3. front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location according to claim 1 clamping tool, it is characterized in that: described propulsive mechanism comprises the U-shaped tie-beam (6) being placed in recessed riser (2) outside, the two ends of this U-shaped tie-beam (6) are connected with two pieces of bushing plates (3), middle part is connected with the cylinder one (7) being placed in base plate (15) top, makes U-shaped tie-beam (6) drive two pieces of bushing plates (3) to enter or leave the square hole (22) of recessed riser (2) by cylinder one (7) work.
4. front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location according to claim 3 clamping tool, it is characterized in that: the end of described bushing plate (3) is connected with contiguous block (4), this contiguous block (4) is connected with slide block (23), slide block (23) engages with the guide rail (5) be placed on U-shaped tie-beam (6), and when bushing plate (3) moves up and down in the square hole (22) of recessed riser (2), U-shaped tie-beam (6) there is no knee-action.
5. front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location according to claim 1 clamping tool, it is characterized in that: the both sides of described bushing plate (3) are provided with conic sleeve (12), the taper pin (13) matched with conic sleeve (12) is provided with in upper cover plate (1), when bushing plate (3) closes clamping zone, the bushing plate (3) being in front axle two upper lateral part is made to move up until propped up by the end face of square hole (22) by oil cylinder (14) jacking front axle, taper pin (13) inserts in conic sleeve (12) and makes bushing plate (3) cannot leave the square hole (22) of recessed riser (2).
6. front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location according to claim 1 clamping tool, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described recessed riser (2) upper aperture (22) is provided with crashproof bearing (10), the end face of this crashproof bearing (10), a little more than the bottom surface of square hole (22), drives crashproof bearing (10) to rotate when bushing plate (3) is mobile in square hole (22).
7. front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location according to claim 1 clamping tool, it is characterized in that: described front axle left and right clamp system comprises the roller (17) and connecting rod ASSY (20) that are placed in front axle two ends side, cylinder two (19) support two (18), support one (16), the pushing ram of cylinder two (19) and connecting rod ASSY (20) are articulated with on support two (18), the other end of connecting rod ASSY (20) is hinged with on support one (16), stretched by the pushing ram of cylinder two (19), realize two rollers (17) close to each other or deviate from, with clamping or relieving front axle.
CN201520165267.6U 2015-03-23 2015-03-23 A kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool Withdrawn - After Issue CN204504296U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520165267.6U CN204504296U (en) 2015-03-23 2015-03-23 A kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520165267.6U CN204504296U (en) 2015-03-23 2015-03-23 A kind of front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool

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CN204504296U true CN204504296U (en) 2015-07-29

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104741663A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-01 安徽安凯金达机械制造有限公司 Automatic positioning and clamping tool for front axle plate spring installation holes and positioning and clamping method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104741663A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-01 安徽安凯金达机械制造有限公司 Automatic positioning and clamping tool for front axle plate spring installation holes and positioning and clamping method
CN104741663B (en) * 2015-03-23 2016-08-31 安徽安凯金达机械制造有限公司 Front-axle leaf spring installing hole process automation location clamping tool, method for positioning and clamping

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150729

Effective date of abandoning: 20160831

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting