CN204490969U - A kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device - Google Patents

A kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204490969U
CN204490969U CN201520006309.1U CN201520006309U CN204490969U CN 204490969 U CN204490969 U CN 204490969U CN 201520006309 U CN201520006309 U CN 201520006309U CN 204490969 U CN204490969 U CN 204490969U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crucible
described
insulation layer
thermal insulation
provided
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520006309.1U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐春社
许杏桃
俞孝湖
李然
沈正彬
魏正英
杜军
李素丽
何宇洋
卢秉恒
付金国
何坚
Original Assignee
江苏省电力公司
西安交通大学
南京恒宇三维技术开发有限公司
江苏安方电力科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏省电力公司, 西安交通大学, 南京恒宇三维技术开发有限公司, 江苏安方电力科技有限公司 filed Critical 江苏省电力公司
Priority to CN201520006309.1U priority Critical patent/CN204490969U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204490969U publication Critical patent/CN204490969U/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Process efficiency
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency by increasing the energy efficiency of the process
    • Y02P10/253Process efficiency by increasing the energy efficiency of the process using induction furnaces

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of 3D and print Metal Melting device, comprise support (1) and crucible (2), support (1) comprises end gland (3), flange in the bottom dish (4) and several supporting studs (5), supporting studs (5) one end is connected with end gland (3), and the other end is connected with flange in the bottom dish (4); Crucible is located in support (1), and crucible is provided with crucible cover (6), and crucible cover (6) and end gland (3) are suitable, and be provided with thermal insulation layer outside crucible, thermal insulation layer is provided with ruhmkorff coil (7), crucible bottom and flange in the bottom dish (4) suitable; Crucible bottom is provided with nozzle (8) and aperture, nozzle and aperture suitable, be provided with nozzle heater coil (9) outside nozzle; Flange in the bottom dish (4) is connected with and vacuumizes cover plate (10), vacuumizes cover plate and is provided with instrument entry locker handle (11).The utility model has the advantage that Heating temperature reaches requirement, temperature is easy to control and be convenient to change body of heater.

Description

A kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device

Technical field

The utility model patent relates to a kind of smelting apparatus, particularly relating to a kind of Metal Melting device printed for 3D, for completing the melting work of metal in 3D print procedure, belonging to mechanical manufacturing field.

Background technology

Modern society is at development, and the rhythm of life of people is constantly accelerated, and lives closely bound up production also in development at full speed with people.Along with the continuous growth that people pursue material life, original manufacture method can not meet the requirement of modern society to efficiency gradually, and new manufacture method is arisen at the historic moment.

Rapid shaping technique (Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing, be called for short RPM), being born in the later stage eighties 20th century, is the high-new manufacturing technology of one based on bing area method, is considered to the great achievement manufacturing field over nearly 20 years.It integrates mechanical engineering, CAD, reverse Engineering Technology, Layered Manufacturing Technology, Numeric Control Technology, Materials science, laser technology, automatically can change the prototype or direct finished parts with certain function, directly, quickly and accurately by design philosophy into, thus be the realization rate that the aspects such as the verification of part prototype, newly design philosophy provide a kind of high efficiency, low cost.Utilize rapid shaping technique, the part that can process accurate mould in a short period of time or even can directly come into operation, aerospace industry has adopted rapid shaping technique to manufacture on a large scale.

According to the productive prospecting of rapid shaping technique, what rapid shaping technique was popular is called 3D printing technique, and the mechanized equipment completing this work is just called 3D printer.According to the working process that 3D prints, if the material of processing is metallic substance, a Metal Melting device is needed to melt metal thus complete whole moulding process.Due to the manufacturing equipment that 3D printer is emerging, be not the Metal Melting device of 3D printer Design now specially, existing 3D printer generally adopt existing metal smelting-furnace finished product transform a little after come into operation, just there are problems in this, subject matter has: Heating temperature does not reach requirement; The bad control of temperature; Change body of heater difficulty etc.Therefore, design a kind of 3D printing Metal Melting device to be significant.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of Heating temperature reaches requirement, temperature is easy to control and the 3D being convenient to change body of heater prints Metal Melting device.

In order to solve the problem, technical solutions of the utility model are: a kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device, comprise support and crucible, described support comprises end gland, flange in the bottom dish and several supporting studs, described supporting studs one end is connected with end gland, and the other end is connected with flange in the bottom dish; Described crucible is located in support, and described crucible is provided with crucible cover, described crucible cover and end gland suitable, be provided with thermal insulation layer outside described crucible, described thermal insulation layer is provided with ruhmkorff coil, described crucible bottom and flange in the bottom dish suitable; Described crucible bottom is provided with nozzle and aperture, described nozzle and aperture suitable, be provided with nozzle heater coil outside described nozzle; Described flange in the bottom dish is connected with and vacuumizes cover plate, described in vacuumize cover plate and be provided with instrument entry locker handle.

As further improvement of the utility model, described thermal insulation layer comprises the first thermal insulation layer, the second thermal insulation layer and the 3rd thermal insulation layer, described first thermal insulation layer is located at crucible side surface, described second thermal insulation layer is located at the top of crucible, described 3rd thermal insulation layer is located between crucible bottom and flange in the bottom dish, and described ruhmkorff coil is located at the first thermal insulation layer outside surface.Described nozzle is outer is provided with nozzle heater coil by screw thread.

As further improvement of the utility model, between described first thermal insulation layer and crucible, be also provided with the 4th thermal insulation layer.Described supporting studs is provided with four, and described supporting studs one end is connected by nut with end gland.

As further improvement of the utility model, described ruhmkorff coil is located in thermal insulation layer outside surface, and described crucible is the crucible of graphite material, and crucible adopts graphite material, high temperature resistant.Described flange in the bottom dish with vacuumize cover plate and be bolted, described in vacuumize cover plate and instrument entry locker handle is threaded connection.

The utility model compared with prior art, has the following advantages.

(1) thermal insulation layer is provided with outside crucible of the present utility model, described thermal insulation layer is provided with ruhmkorff coil, the Heating temperature of crucible itself can reach more than 1000 DEG C, adapt to various working, and the utility model is provided with thermal insulation layer, temperature after crucible heating can be remained in claimed range, namely the utility model has the advantage that Heating temperature reaches requirement, temperature is easy to control.And crucible is located in support, described crucible is provided with crucible cover, described crucible cover and end gland suitable, namely crucible pick and place conveniently, and to be connected by supporting studs between end gland with flange in the bottom dish, to compress, can sealing property be ensured.

(2) the high and good seal performance of positioning precision of the present utility model.By the clamping of flange in the bottom dish and location, ensure that the planeness of crucible baseplane and worktable is at 0.01mm.By flangeseal, good stopping property can be ensured.

(3) heating of the present utility model all adopts induction heating, energy-conserving and environment-protective.Because thermal insulation layer comprises the first thermal insulation layer, the second thermal insulation layer and the 3rd thermal insulation layer, described first thermal insulation layer is located at crucible side surface, described second thermal insulation layer is located at the top of crucible, described 3rd thermal insulation layer is located between crucible bottom and flange in the bottom dish, and described ruhmkorff coil is located at the first thermal insulation layer outside surface.Described nozzle is outer is provided with nozzle heater coil by screw thread, ensures heat insulation effect, the change of further control temperature, and require according to making and make material, supporting studs can be provided with several, is generally provided with four, is convenient to the stable of single unit system.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation that 3D of the present utility model prints Metal Melting device.

Fig. 2 is the sectional view that 3D of the present utility model prints Metal Melting device.

In figure: 1-support, 2-crucible, 3-end gland, 4-flange in the bottom dish, 5-supporting studs, 6-crucible cover, 7-ruhmkorff coil, 8-nozzle, 9-nozzle heater coil, 10-vacuumizes cover plate, 11-instrument entry locker handle, 12-first thermal insulation layer, 13-second thermal insulation layer, 14-the 3rd thermal insulation layer, 15-the 4th thermal insulation layer, 16-nut.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, explanation is further explained to the utility model.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device, and comprise support 1 and crucible 2, support 1 comprises end gland 3, flange in the bottom dish 4 and four supporting studs 5, supporting studs 5 one end is connected by nut 16 with end gland 3, and the other end is connected with flange in the bottom dish 4; Crucible 2 is located in support 1, and crucible 2 is provided with crucible cover 6, and crucible cover 6 is suitable with end gland 3, and be provided with thermal insulation layer outside crucible 2, thermal insulation layer is provided with ruhmkorff coil 7, suitable with flange in the bottom dish 4 bottom crucible 2; Be provided with nozzle 8 and aperture bottom crucible 2, nozzle 8 is suitable with aperture, is provided with nozzle heater coil 9 outside nozzle 8; Flange in the bottom dish 4 has been bolted and has vacuumized cover plate 10, vacuumizes on cover plate 10 and is provided with instrument entry locker handle 11 by screw thread.Thermal insulation layer comprises the first thermal insulation layer 12, second thermal insulation layer 13 and the 3rd thermal insulation layer 14, first thermal insulation layer 12 is located at crucible 2 side surface, the 4th thermal insulation layer 15 is also provided with between first thermal insulation layer 12 and crucible 2, described second thermal insulation layer 13 is located at the top of crucible 2,3rd thermal insulation layer 14 is located at bottom crucible 2 and between flange in the bottom dish 4, and ruhmkorff coil 7 is located at the first thermal insulation layer 12 outside surface.Crucible 2 is the crucible of graphite material.

Be bolted after the utility model installs and flange in the bottom dish 4 is fixed on working box, thus whole Metal Melting device is installed location.First screwing tool entry locker handle 11, then joint nut 16 is unclamped, take off end gland 3, crucible cover 6 successively, take out crucible 2, after metallic substance being added crucible 2, crucible 2 is put back to, pacify back crucible cover 6 successively, end gland 3, tightening nut 16, then vacuumizes, by inner for crucible 2 vacuum state, outward winding instrument entry locker handle 11, be energized to ruhmkorff coil 7, heating and melting metal sprays from the aperture of crucible bottom, after metal jet, cool whole device, screwing tool entry locker handle 11, repeats above action.

Claims (6)

1. a 3D prints Metal Melting device, it is characterized in that: comprise support (1) and crucible (2), described support (1) comprises end gland (3), flange in the bottom dish (4) and several supporting studs (5), described supporting studs (5) one end is connected with end gland (3), and the other end is connected with flange in the bottom dish (4); Described crucible (2) is located in support (1), described crucible (2) is provided with crucible cover (6), described crucible cover (6) is suitable with end gland (3), described crucible is provided with thermal insulation layer outside (2), described thermal insulation layer is provided with ruhmkorff coil (7), and described crucible (2) bottom is suitable with flange in the bottom dish (4); Described crucible (2) bottom is provided with nozzle (8) and aperture, and described nozzle (8) is suitable with aperture, is provided with nozzle heater coil (9) outside described nozzle (8); Described flange in the bottom dish (4) is connected with and vacuumizes cover plate (10), described in vacuumize cover plate (10) and be provided with instrument entry locker handle (11).
2. 3D according to claim 1 prints Metal Melting device, it is characterized in that: described thermal insulation layer comprises the first thermal insulation layer (12), the second thermal insulation layer (13) and the 3rd thermal insulation layer (14), described first thermal insulation layer (12) is located at crucible (2) side surface, described second thermal insulation layer (13) is located at the top of crucible (2), described 3rd thermal insulation layer (14) is located between crucible (2) bottom and flange in the bottom dish (4), and described ruhmkorff coil (7) is located at the first thermal insulation layer (12) outside surface.
3. 3D according to claim 2 prints Metal Melting device, it is characterized in that: be also provided with the 4th thermal insulation layer (15) between described first thermal insulation layer (12) and crucible (2).
4. 3D according to claim 1 prints Metal Melting device, and it is characterized in that: described supporting studs (5) is provided with four, described supporting studs (5) one end is connected by nut (16) with end gland (3).
5. 3D according to claim 1 prints Metal Melting device, it is characterized in that: described ruhmkorff coil (7) is located in thermal insulation layer outside surface, the crucible that described crucible (2) is graphite material.
6. 3D according to claim 1 prints Metal Melting device, it is characterized in that: described flange in the bottom dish (4) with vacuumize cover plate (10) and be bolted, described in vacuumize cover plate (10) and be threaded connection with instrument entry locker handle (11).
CN201520006309.1U 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 A kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device CN204490969U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520006309.1U CN204490969U (en) 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 A kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520006309.1U CN204490969U (en) 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 A kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204490969U true CN204490969U (en) 2015-07-22

Family

ID=53570264

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520006309.1U CN204490969U (en) 2015-01-07 2015-01-07 A kind of 3D prints Metal Melting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204490969U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104593613A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-05-06 江苏省电力公司 3D printing metal smelting device
CN107335806A (en) * 2016-05-02 2017-11-10 韩国电子通信研究院 Extruder for metal material and the 3D printer using extruder
KR20170124946A (en) * 2016-05-02 2017-11-13 한국전자통신연구원 Extruder for metal material and 3d printer using the same
CN109108287A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-01-01 浙江工贸职业技术学院 A kind of 3D printing Metal Melting device
WO2020078055A1 (en) * 2018-10-16 2020-04-23 南京尚吉增材制造研究院有限公司 Metal additive manufacturing method and device employing continuous powder supply and induction heating

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104593613A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-05-06 江苏省电力公司 3D printing metal smelting device
CN107335806A (en) * 2016-05-02 2017-11-10 韩国电子通信研究院 Extruder for metal material and the 3D printer using extruder
KR20170124946A (en) * 2016-05-02 2017-11-13 한국전자통신연구원 Extruder for metal material and 3d printer using the same
KR102027168B1 (en) * 2016-05-02 2019-10-02 한국전자통신연구원 Extruder for metal material and 3d printer using the same
WO2020078055A1 (en) * 2018-10-16 2020-04-23 南京尚吉增材制造研究院有限公司 Metal additive manufacturing method and device employing continuous powder supply and induction heating
CN109108287A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-01-01 浙江工贸职业技术学院 A kind of 3D printing Metal Melting device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104642684B (en) 3D food printers
CN102527830B (en) Electroplastic incremental forming device and method for plates
CN102500675B (en) Hot forming tool of titanium alloy thin-wall part and machining method of hot forming tool
CN104117547B (en) A kind of Warm Extrusion gear stick continuous extrusion die and processing method thereof
CN103878370A (en) Metal 3D printer production equipment
CN104759625A (en) Material and method for preparing aluminum alloy structural member by using laser 3D (Three-Dimensional) printing technology
CN105234538A (en) Gantry type high-power plasma arc 3D printing equipment and method
RU2517425C2 (en) Method and device for forming and appropriate preform with medium for hydrostatic forming
WO2016155588A1 (en) Reusable casting head device
CN105127423B (en) Selective laser melting 3 D-printing equipment
CN101890807B (en) Method for pressurizing and molding composite part by using thermal expansion of silicone rubber
CN102361115B (en) Production method of cavity filter
CN203791624U (en) Temperature control device and powder conveying device for preheating of 3D printing powder
CN204108005U (en) A kind of amorphous alloy pipe extrusion molding apparatus
US10661382B2 (en) SLM forming device for multiple metal powder materials
CN203649151U (en) Manually adjusted flexible mold for forming curved surface aluminum decorating plates
CN201446697U (en) A vacuum forming apparatus
CN101905405B (en) Welding mould and method for processing high-accuracy square zirconium alloy element box
CN103962436B (en) A kind of superplastic forming device
CN104588521B (en) Current auxiliary heat forming device and method with flexible clamping adopted
CN203820889U (en) SLM (selective laser melting) powder laying and atmosphere circulation protection integrated device
CN104525816A (en) Forging device and process for flange yoke of transmission shaft
CN106670297B (en) The compound progressive molding device and method of rotary ultrasonic based on Real-time Feedback
CN105215246A (en) The micro-moulding apparatus of ultrasonic vibration assistant metal and using method thereof
CN105108832A (en) Full-automatic rotating disc type mould cup machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150722

Effective date of abandoning: 20161019