CN204478580U - The cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity - Google Patents

The cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204478580U
CN204478580U CN201520101817.8U CN201520101817U CN204478580U CN 204478580 U CN204478580 U CN 204478580U CN 201520101817 U CN201520101817 U CN 201520101817U CN 204478580 U CN204478580 U CN 204478580U
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China
Prior art keywords
import
outlet
heat exchanger
valve
heating
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520101817.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘剑
陈萨如拉
杨洋
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Tianjin University of Commerce
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Tianjin University of Commerce
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Priority to CN201520101817.8U priority Critical patent/CN204478580U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The utility model discloses the cold and hot combined supply system of a kind of household small-sized solar electricity, photovoltaic device comprises the heat absorption assembly of photovoltaic cell component and photovoltaic panel, the refrigerant outlet of heat absorption assembly of photovoltaic panel is connected with the import of compressor, the outlet of compressor is connected with the import of vortex tube, the hot fluid outlet ports of vortex tube is connected with the import heating control valve and heating bypass valve, the outlet heating control valve is connected with the import heating heat exchanger, the cold fluid outlet of vortex tube is connected with the import of refrigeration control valve and the by-passing valve that freezes, the outlet of refrigeration control valve is connected with refrigerated heat exchanger import, reservoir is passed through in the outlet of condensing heat exchanger, device for drying and filtering is connected with the refrigerant inlet of expansion valve with the heat absorption assembly of photovoltaic panel.The electric energy output end of photovoltaic cell component is connected with the electrical energy inputs of battery.Utilize solar energy power technology to generate electricity, utilize vortex tube effect to be separated hot and cold air, solve family's refrigeration, heating and domestic hot-water and electrical problem simultaneously.

Description

The cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar energy heat utilization technical field, in particular, relates to a kind of solar photoelectric light-heat technology that utilizes and provides the cold and hot combined supply system of household small-size electricity of heating, refrigeration and domestic hot-water for family.
Background technology
Along with becoming increasingly conspicuous of environment and energy problem, new and renewable sources of energy utilizes technical development more and more to come into one's own.Promote regenerative resource application and innovation and application form, reach energy-saving and emission-reduction and improve the life of current China resident high carbon emission.
At present, gas fired-boiler or coal fired central heating burn a large amount of fossil fuels every year, cause severe contamination to environment; Domestic separating heat-pump air-conditioner many employings in summer steam compression type system, needs in system operation to expend more high-grade electric energy; Pot-type boiler mostly is gas heater and electric heater, needs equally to consume electric energy or the contour quality energy of natural gas, do not meet the requirement of sustainable development at running.Meanwhile, some areas are in short supply due to local power, and also have some areas not cover natural gas supply pipe network, this also limits the utilization of Domestic separating heat-pump air-conditioner and combustion gas, electric heater etc. to a certain extent.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is the technological deficiency for existing in prior art, and provides a kind of cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity being applicable to the comparatively abundant area of solar energy resources.
The technical scheme adopted for realizing the purpose of this utility model is:
The cold and hot combined supply system of a kind of household small-sized solar electricity, comprise photovoltaic device, compressor, vortex tube, refrigerated heat exchanger, heat heat exchanger, condensing heat exchanger, reservoir, device for drying and filtering and expansion valve, described photovoltaic device comprises the heat absorption assembly of photovoltaic cell component and photovoltaic panel, the refrigerant outlet of the heat absorption assembly of described photovoltaic panel is connected with the import of described compressor, the outlet of described compressor is connected with the import of described vortex tube, the hot fluid outlet ports of described vortex tube is connected with the import heating control valve and heating bypass valve respectively, the described outlet heating control valve is connected with the described import heating heat exchanger, the described outlet heating heat exchanger is connected with the import of the 4th check valve, the outlet of described heating bypass valve is connected with the import of the 3rd check valve, the cold fluid outlet of described vortex tube is connected with the import of refrigeration control valve and the by-passing valve that freezes respectively, the outlet of described refrigeration control valve is connected with described refrigerated heat exchanger import, the outlet of described refrigerated heat exchanger is connected with the second check valve inlet, the outlet of described refrigeration by-passing valve is connected with the import of the first check valve, described first check valve, second check valve, 3rd check valve is connected with the import of described condensing heat exchanger with after the outlet parallel connection of the 4th check valve, the outlet of described condensing heat exchanger is by described reservoir, device for drying and filtering is connected with the refrigerant inlet of expansion valve with the heat absorption assembly of described photovoltaic panel, the electric energy output end of described photovoltaic cell component is connected with the electrical energy inputs of battery, and the electric energy of described battery is that described compressor is powered.
In the heat absorption assembly of described photovoltaic panel, electrical heating wire is installed.
Refrigerant tubing before described expansion valve is provided with liquid-sighting glass.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, system of the present utility model utilizes cold-producing medium phase transformation to absorb the heat produced when solar photoelectric transforms, and photoelectric conversion components and parts can be made to maintain required photoelectricity and photothermal conversion efficiency, active balance electrogenesis amount and quantity of heat production.
2, system of the present utility model utilizes solar energy power technology to generate electricity, light duty compressor is driven to suck the steam of phase transformation generation and compress it, the high steam produced enters vortex tube import, vortex tube effect is utilized to be separated hot and cold air, and make shunting cold fluid and hot fluid out be transported to home-use cold and hot place by refrigerated heat exchanger, by heating heat exchanger for heating and domestic hot-water, solve family's refrigeration simultaneously, heating and domestic hot-water supply and electrical problem, reach the object of energy-saving and emission-reduction protection of the environment, a kind of family expenses multiple-effect electricity cooling and heating device is provided for solar energy resources comparatively enriches area.
3, system of the present utility model, when solar irradiation is not enough, utilizes the electric energy stored in battery to supply the integrated electrical heating wire in the photovoltaic panel back side for heating and cooling agent, can continue effective running of maintenance system.
4, system architecture of the present utility model is simple, and easy to operate, easily realize, only power-consuming component (light duty compressor, electrical heating wire) is provided by solar electrical energy generation, energy-conserving and environment-protective, reaches zero carbon emission, zero energy consumption.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure 1 shows that the schematic diagram of the cold and hot combined supply system of the utility model household small-sized solar electricity;
Figure 2 shows that photovoltaic device generalized section.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
The schematic diagram of the cold and hot combined supply system of the utility model household small-sized solar electricity as Figure 1-Figure 2, comprises photovoltaic device 2, compressor 3, vortex tube 4, refrigerated heat exchanger 6, heats heat exchanger 7, condensing heat exchanger 9, reservoir 10, device for drying and filtering 11 and expansion valve 13.Described photovoltaic device 2 comprises the heat absorption assembly 14 of photovoltaic cell component 16 and photovoltaic panel, the refrigerant outlet of the heat absorption assembly 14 of described photovoltaic panel is connected with the import of described compressor 3, the outlet of described compressor 3 is connected with the import of described vortex tube 4, the hot fluid outlet ports of described vortex tube 4 is connected with the import heating control valve 5-4 and heating bypass valve 5-3 respectively, the described outlet heating control valve 5-4 is connected with the described import heating heat exchanger 7, the described outlet heating heat exchanger 7 is connected with the import of the 4th check valve 8-4, the outlet of described heating bypass valve 5-3 is connected with the import of the 3rd check valve 8-3.The cold fluid outlet of described vortex tube 4 is connected with the import of refrigeration control valve 5-1 and the by-passing valve 5-2 that freezes respectively, the outlet of described refrigeration control valve 5-1 is connected with the import of described refrigerated heat exchanger 6, the outlet of described refrigerated heat exchanger 6 is connected with the second check valve 8-2 import, the outlet of described refrigeration by-passing valve 5-2 is connected with the import of the first check valve 8-1, described first check valve 8-1, second check valve 8-2, 3rd check valve 8-3 is connected with the import of described condensing heat exchanger 9 with after the outlet parallel connection of the 4th check valve 8-4, the outlet of described condensing heat exchanger 9 is by described reservoir 10, device for drying and filtering 11 is connected with the refrigerant inlet of expansion valve 13 with the heat absorption assembly 14 of described photovoltaic panel.The electric energy output end of described photovoltaic cell component 16 is connected with the electrical energy inputs of battery 1, and described battery 1 is powered for described compressor 3.
In order to the use when solar energy is not enough, in the heat absorption assembly 14 of described photovoltaic panel, electrical heating wire 15 is installed.
Refrigerant tubing before described expansion valve 13 is provided with liquid-sighting glass 12.
Described photovoltaic device 2 is made up of the heat absorption assembly 14 after described photovoltaic cell component 16 and described photovoltaic panel.Described photovoltaic cell component 16 absorbs solar radiation, and a part is converted into electricity, and a part of solar radiation is converted into heat.The electrical power storage produced is in described battery 1, rear for system energy-consuming parts and household electrical appliance by changing.Cold-producing medium after the throttling of described expansion valve 13 enters the heat absorption assembly 14 of the photovoltaic panel after described photovoltaic device 2, phase transformation evaporation in heat absorption assembly 14 after described photovoltaic panel, cool and maintain described photovoltaic cell component 16 and be in lower temperature, improve the photoelectric transformation efficiency of described photovoltaic cell component 16.In the heat absorption assembly 14 of described photovoltaic panel after the evaporation of refrigerant suction solar radiation heat, sucked by described compressor 3 and compress, enter in described vortex tube 4, steam expands and carries out High Rotation Speed in described vortex tube 4, after producing hot and cold air separation, cold airflow flows out from the cold fluid outlet of described vortex tube 4, and thermal current flows out from the hot fluid outlet ports of described vortex tube 4.
The cold airflow flowed out from the cold fluid outlet of described vortex tube 4 enters described refrigerated heat exchanger 6 by described refrigeration control valve 5-1, carries out heat exchange, provides institute of family chilling requirement, for food preservation or air conditioning.Heat described in the hot fluid flowed out from the hot fluid outlet ports of described vortex tube 4 passes through control valve 5-4 enter described in heat heat exchanger 7, carry out heat exchange, provide institute of family calorific requirement, for heating or heating domestic hot water.When need not or less with cold time, a part of cold airflow by by-passing valve 5-2 bypass of freezing described in bypass, when need not or less with heat time, a part of thermal current is by the described heating bypass valve 5-3 bypass in bypass.Hot and cold air after heat exchange is mixed into described condensing heat exchanger 9 and carries out condensation, cold-producing medium after condensation enters described reservoir 10, through the moisture that described device for drying and filtering 11 is removed system contaminants and is mixed into, then by described liquid-sighting glass 12, liquid refrigerant enters described expansion valve 13 and carries out throttling, cold-producing medium after throttling enters the heat absorption assembly 14 of the described photovoltaic panel at described photovoltaic device 2 back side, completes kind of refrigeration cycle.
When illumination is not enough, the described electrical heating wire 15 be embedded in the heat absorption assembly 14 of described photovoltaic device 2 back side photovoltaic panel works, the heat produced is used for supplementing the photothermal conversion amount reduced because illumination is not enough, heat the cold-producing medium in the heat absorption assembly 14 of described photovoltaic panel, to ensure to use energy needed for family.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; it should be noted that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. the cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity, it is characterized in that, comprise photovoltaic device, compressor, vortex tube, refrigerated heat exchanger, heat heat exchanger, condensing heat exchanger, reservoir, device for drying and filtering and expansion valve, described photovoltaic device comprises the heat absorption assembly of photovoltaic cell component and photovoltaic panel, the refrigerant outlet of the heat absorption assembly of described photovoltaic panel is connected with the import of described compressor, the outlet of described compressor is connected with the import of described vortex tube, the hot fluid outlet ports of described vortex tube is connected with the import heating control valve and heating bypass valve respectively, the described outlet heating control valve is connected with the described import heating heat exchanger, the described outlet heating heat exchanger is connected with the import of the 4th check valve, the outlet of described heating bypass valve is connected with the import of the 3rd check valve, the cold fluid outlet of described vortex tube is connected with the import of refrigeration control valve and the by-passing valve that freezes respectively, the outlet of described refrigeration control valve is connected with described refrigerated heat exchanger import, the outlet of described refrigerated heat exchanger is connected with the second check valve inlet, the outlet of described refrigeration by-passing valve is connected with the import of the first check valve, described first check valve, second check valve, 3rd check valve is connected with the import of described condensing heat exchanger with after the outlet parallel connection of the 4th check valve, the outlet of described condensing heat exchanger is by described reservoir, device for drying and filtering is connected with the refrigerant inlet of expansion valve with the heat absorption assembly of described photovoltaic panel, the electric energy output end of described photovoltaic cell component is connected with the electrical energy inputs of battery, and the electric energy of described battery is that described compressor is powered.
2. the cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be provided with electrical heating wire in the heat absorption assembly of described photovoltaic panel.
3. the cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the refrigerant tubing before described expansion valve is provided with liquid-sighting glass.
CN201520101817.8U 2015-02-12 2015-02-12 The cold and hot combined supply system of household small-sized solar electricity Expired - Fee Related CN204478580U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066497A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 浙江大学 Cooling and heating dual-purpose indoor temperature regulating system driven by wind power
CN105715518A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-06-29 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 Heating-electric-cooling tri generation device with cold supply in summer and heat supply in winter and method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105066497A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 浙江大学 Cooling and heating dual-purpose indoor temperature regulating system driven by wind power
CN105066497B (en) * 2015-07-17 2017-06-06 浙江大学 A kind of both cooling and heating room temperature regulation system of wind drive
CN105715518A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-06-29 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 Heating-electric-cooling tri generation device with cold supply in summer and heat supply in winter and method
CN105715518B (en) * 2016-01-26 2017-10-03 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 A kind of summer cooling winter heat supply cold, heat and electricity triple supply device and method

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20150715

Termination date: 20160212