CN204477262U - A kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting - Google Patents

A kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204477262U
CN204477262U CN201520131765.9U CN201520131765U CN204477262U CN 204477262 U CN204477262 U CN 204477262U CN 201520131765 U CN201520131765 U CN 201520131765U CN 204477262 U CN204477262 U CN 204477262U
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China
Prior art keywords
crossbeam
damping rod
chamber
electric heating
thermal insulating
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520131765.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘富豪
于学华
张海涛
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Yangcheng Institute of Technology
Yancheng Institute of Technology
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Yangcheng Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201520131765.9U priority Critical patent/CN204477262U/en
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Abstract

A kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting, comprise crossbeam, be arranged at the link press span of crossbeam, electric heating pump and two are positioned at the supporting frame at described crossbeam two ends, the two ends up and down of supporting frame are all provided with fixed structure, supporting frame is provided with supporting base, supporting base is provided with the damping rod extended along the vertical direction, crossbeam is supported on supporting base by damping rod, crossbeam is the arc elastic structure arched upward up or down, the runner extending to the crossbeam the other end from crossbeam one end is provided with in crossbeam, one end of runner links together with the entrance point of electric heating pump, the other end links together with the outlet end of electric heating pump.The utility model provides that a kind of vibration isolating effect is good, the effectiveness in vibration suppression of crossbeam affects little four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting by the temperature of environment, solves existing speed change mounting mechanism vibration isolating effect difference and affects the working life of gearbox and the effectiveness in vibration suppression large problem influenced by ambient temperature of crossbeam.

Description

A kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting
Technical field
The utility model relates to gearbox mounting mechanism, particularly relates to a kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting.
Background technique
Speed changer (transmission), also known as gearbox, is one of main composition of car transmissions.The actual service condition of automobile is very complicated, as starting, idling stop, low speed or run at high speed, accelerate, slow down, climb and reversing etc., this just requires that the driving force of automobile and the speed of a motor vehicle can change in sizable scope, and the Driving Torque of the reciprocating engine adopted at present extensively and rotation speed change scope less.In order to adapt to the driving conditions of often change, making motor (power is higher, oil consumption is lower) work under favourable operating mode simultaneously, in transmission system, being provided with speed changer.
Each gear has different drive ratios, be equivalent to small gear and can produce different rotating speeds from the engagement of gearwheel, with underneath drive ratio (3 grades and following) during low speed driving, macro-axis rotating speed, lower than engine speed, according to formula P=FV, can obtain larger driving force, with high transmission ratio (4 grades and more than) during high speed, macro-axis rotating speed, higher than engine speed, reduces tractive force and obtains more speed, cut gear and namely select the gear of different size and the gears meshing of macro-axis.
Gearbox is fixed by vibration-absorbing mounting when using.China Patent No. be 2011203696558, authorized announcement date be May 23 in 2012 day, be called that the patent document of " transmission auxiliary support assembly " discloses a kind of existing change vibration-absorbing mounting shortly.Protection crossbeam and the scaffold being connected to crossbeam.Existing shift cable mounting mechanism due to vibration isolating effect poor, cause gearbox short for working life, the effectiveness in vibration suppression of crossbeam is large by the impact of ambient temperature.
Model utility content
The utility model provides that a kind of vibration isolating effect is good, the effectiveness in vibration suppression of crossbeam affects little four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting by the temperature of environment, solves existing vibration-absorbing mounting vibration isolating effect difference and affects the working life of gearbox and the effectiveness in vibration suppression large problem influenced by ambient temperature of crossbeam.
Above technical problem is solved by following technical proposal: a kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting, comprise crossbeam, be arranged at the link press span of crossbeam, electric heating pump and two are positioned at the supporting frame at described crossbeam two ends, the two ends up and down of support frame as described above are all provided with fixed structure, support frame as described above is provided with supporting base, described supporting base is provided with the damping rod extended along the vertical direction, described crossbeam is supported on described supporting base by described damping rod, described crossbeam is the arc elastic structure arched upward up or down, the runner extending to the crossbeam the other end from crossbeam one end is provided with in described crossbeam, one end of described runner links together with the entrance point of described electric heating pump, the other end links together with the outlet end of described electric heating pump.During use, the utility model carries out connecting with car body by fixed structure and realizes installing, and gearbox is connected to link press span and is suspended on the below of crossbeam.When the utility model is subject to the vibration of vehicle, vibrational energy deleted by damping rod, passes to horizontal vibration of beam and makes crossbeam produce resiliently deformable to enter and deleted, thus make the vibration passing to gearbox less.This structure of crossbeam can reduce the cross-section area of connecting rod to realize the reduction of weight when ensureing join strength.Electric heating pump makes fluid heating to required temperature and between runner in the inside of crossbeam and heat conduction pump, circulation makes crossbeam remain on required temperature, thus makes the elasticity of crossbeam remain on setting value and maintain the elastic endergonic effect of setting.
As preferably, described damping rod is tubular structure, some dividing plates are provided with in described damping rod, the internal insulation of damping rod is gone out the cavity that some bearing of trends along damping rod distribute by described dividing plate, elastic diaphragm is provided with in described cavity, described cavity is divided into by described elastic diaphragm fills chamber and vacant chamber, described elastic diaphragm is the bowl shaped structure arched upward towards described filling chamber, quicksand is filled with in described filling chamber, increasing baffle-wall is provided with in described filling chamber, described filling chamber is divided into the first filling chamber and second and fills chamber by described increasing baffle-wall, described increasing baffle-wall is provided with connection first and fills the rubbing hole that chamber is filled in chamber and second, described vacant chamber is provided with the pore of through described damping rod.When producing vibration, damping rod produces distortion, damping rod distortion causes elastic diaphragm to flow back and forth between the first filling chamber and the second filling chamber towards motion, the meanwhile quicksand of the distortion of vacant chamber and reset, rub each other and consume vibrational energy during quicksand flowing, quicksand aggravates with the friction between rubbing hole friction and quicksand when flowing through rubbing hole, makes weakening energy-absorbing effect more remarkable.
As preferably, the outer circumferential face of described damping rod is provided with some outer deformation steering channels along damping rod axial distribution, the inner peripheral surface of described damping rod is provided with some along deformation steering channel in damping rod axial distribution, and described outer deformation guide slot and interior deformation guide slot are all the circular groove extended along the circumference of damping rod.Reliability when damping rod when being subject to vibrating drives quicksand to flow can be improved.
As preferably, described outer deformation guide slot and the alignment of interior deformation guide slot.Damping rod is made to have good shock attenuation result and rigidity.
The utility model also comprises cross bar, the two ends of described cross bar are provided with the first friction layer, the two ends of described crossbeam are provided with the second friction layer, spliced by described first friction layer on described second friction layer, be connected to the two ends of described crossbeam in the two ends of described cross bar, described electric heating pump is connected to described cross bar.When causing rocking when producing vibration, the first friction layer and the second friction layer can produce relative movement and the energy-absorbing that rubs, and not only achieve the effect that the installation of electric heating pump but also electric heating pump can play auxiliary weakening energy-absorbing.
The utility model has following advantage: vibration damping and energy-absorbing is effective, and during variation of ambient temperature, the energy-absorbing effect of crossbeam can remain on set condition substantially, to the strong adaptability of link.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model reality.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional schematic of damping rod.
In figure: the entrance point 31 of crossbeam 1, runner 11, second friction layer 12, cross bar 2, first friction layer 21, electric heating pump 3, electric heating pump, the outlet end 32 of electric heating pump, link press span 4, supporting base 5, supporting frame 6, fixed structure 7, damping rod 9, outer deformation steering channel 91, interior deformation steering channel 92, dividing plate 93, cavity 94, filling chamber 941, first are filled chamber 9411, second and filled chamber 9412, vacant chamber 942, pore 9421, elastic diaphragm 95, increase baffle-wall 96, rubbing hole 961.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the utility model is further described.
See Fig. 1, a kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting, comprises crossbeam 1, cross bar 2, electric heating pump 3, link press span 4 and supporting frame 6.Crossbeam 1 is the arc elastic structure of (certainly upwards arch upward and be also fine) of arching upward downwards, is specially arc spring steel plate.The runner 11 extending to the crossbeam the other end from crossbeam one end is provided with in crossbeam 1.The two ends of crossbeam 1 are provided with the second friction layer 12.The two ends of cross bar 2 are provided with the first friction layer 21.Spliced by the first friction layer 21 on the second friction layer 12, be shelved on the two ends of crossbeam 1 in the two ends of cross bar 2.Electric heating pump 3 is suspended on cross bar 2.The entrance point 31 of electric heating pump is docking together with one end of runner 11.The outlet end 32 of electric heating pump is docking together with the other end of runner 11.Runner 11 and electric heating pump 3 are built with water.Link press span 4 is suspended on crossbeam 1.Supporting frame 6 has a pair.Pair of supporting is distributed in the two ends of crossbeam 1.The two ends up and down of supporting frame 6 are all provided with fixed structure 7.Fixed structure 7 is fitting seat.The middle part of supporting frame 6 is also provided with supporting base 5.Fixed structure 7 and supporting base 5 are distributed in the both sides of supporting frame 6.Supporting base 5 is provided with the damping rod 9 extended along the vertical direction.Damping rod 9 in two supporting frames 6 is supported on the two ends of crossbeam 1 and realizes fixing crossbeam.
See Fig. 2, damping rod 9 is tubular structure.The outer circumferential face of damping rod 9 is provided with some outer deformation steering channels 91.Outer deformation steering channel 91 is along damping rod 9 axial distribution.The inner peripheral surface of damping rod 9 is provided with some interior deformation steering channels 92.Interior deformation steering channel 92 is along damping rod 9 axial distribution.Outer deformation steering channel 91 and interior deformation steering channel 92 are all the circular groove extended along the circumference of damping rod 9.Outer deformation steering channel 91 and interior deformation steering channel 92 align.4 dividing plates 93 are provided with in damping rod 9.The internal insulation of damping rod 9 is gone out 3 cavitys 94 by 4 dividing plates 93.3 cavitys 94 are along the axial directional distribution of damping rod 9.Elastic diaphragm 95 is provided with in cavity 94.Cavity 94 is divided into by elastic diaphragm 95 fills chamber 941 and vacant chamber 942.Elastic diaphragm 95 is the bowl shaped structure arched upward towards filling chamber 941.Fill in chamber 941 to be provided with and increase baffle-wall 96.Increase baffle-wall 96 and filling chamber 941 is divided into the first filling chamber 9411 and the second filling chamber 9412.Increase baffle-wall 96 and be provided with the rubbing hole 961 that chamber 9411 and the second filling chamber 9412 are filled in connection first.Fill in chamber 941 and be filled with quicksand, quicksand does not draw in the drawings.Vacant chamber 942 is provided with the pore 9421 of through damping rod 92.
See Fig. 1, during use, the utility model realizes installing by fixed structure 7 being welded on the corresponding position of car.Gearbox links together with scaffold 4 and is suspended on the below of crossbeam 1.
Electric heating pump 3 makes water be heated to required temperature and circulation makes crossbeam 1 remain on required temperature between the runner 11 and electric heating pump 3 of the inside of crossbeam 1, thus makes the elasticity of crossbeam remain on setting value and maintain the elastic endergonic effect of setting.

Claims (5)

1. a four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting, comprise crossbeam and the link press span being arranged at crossbeam, it is characterized in that, also comprise the supporting frame that electric heating pump and two are positioned at described crossbeam two ends, the two ends up and down of support frame as described above are all provided with fixed structure, support frame as described above is provided with supporting base, described supporting base is provided with the damping rod extended along the vertical direction, described crossbeam is supported on described supporting base by described damping rod, described crossbeam is the arc elastic structure arched upward up or down, the runner extending to the crossbeam the other end from crossbeam one end is provided with in described crossbeam, one end of described runner links together with the entrance point of described electric heating pump, the other end links together with the outlet end of described electric heating pump.
2. four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described damping rod is tubular structure, some dividing plates are provided with in described damping rod, the internal insulation of damping rod is gone out the cavity that some bearing of trends along damping rod distribute by described dividing plate, elastic diaphragm is provided with in described cavity, described cavity is divided into by described elastic diaphragm fills chamber and vacant chamber, described elastic diaphragm is the bowl shaped structure arched upward towards described filling chamber, quicksand is filled with in described filling chamber, increasing baffle-wall is provided with in described filling chamber, described filling chamber is divided into the first filling chamber and second and fills chamber by described increasing baffle-wall, described increasing baffle-wall is provided with connection first and fills the rubbing hole that chamber is filled in chamber and second, described vacant chamber is provided with the pore of through described damping rod.
3. four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the outer circumferential face of described damping rod is provided with some outer deformation steering channels along damping rod axial distribution, the inner peripheral surface of described damping rod is provided with some along deformation steering channel in damping rod axial distribution, and described outer deformation guide slot and interior deformation guide slot are all the circular groove extended along the circumference of damping rod.
4. four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described outer deformation guide slot and the alignment of interior deformation guide slot.
5. the four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise cross bar, the two ends of described cross bar are provided with the first friction layer, the two ends of described crossbeam are provided with the second friction layer, spliced by described first friction layer on described second friction layer, be connected to the two ends of described crossbeam in the two ends of described cross bar, described electric heating pump is connected to described cross bar.
CN201520131765.9U 2015-03-06 2015-03-06 A kind of four point suspension thermal insulating type gearbox vibration-absorbing mounting Expired - Fee Related CN204477262U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104696425B (en) * 2015-03-06 2016-08-24 盐城工学院 Four point suspension heat preserving type change speed gear box vibration-absorbing mounting and crossbeam energy-absorbing effect thereof maintain method
CN106114177A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-11-16 杭州衡源汽车科技有限公司 Four point suspension heat preserving type logistic car storage battery vibration-absorbing mounting

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104696425B (en) * 2015-03-06 2016-08-24 盐城工学院 Four point suspension heat preserving type change speed gear box vibration-absorbing mounting and crossbeam energy-absorbing effect thereof maintain method
CN106114177A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-11-16 杭州衡源汽车科技有限公司 Four point suspension heat preserving type logistic car storage battery vibration-absorbing mounting
CN106114177B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-02-13 杭州衡源汽车科技有限公司 Four point suspension heat preserving type logistics automobile battery vibration-absorbing mounting

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150715

Termination date: 20160306