CN204473079U - Marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship - Google Patents

Marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204473079U
CN204473079U CN201520015571.2U CN201520015571U CN204473079U CN 204473079 U CN204473079 U CN 204473079U CN 201520015571 U CN201520015571 U CN 201520015571U CN 204473079 U CN204473079 U CN 204473079U
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blower fan
main
anchor ear
supporting leg
wind turbine
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唐蔚平
薛雷刚
李华成
王文飞
汤东升
涂国富
李鹏
沙励
史磊
卢斌
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China Energy Construction Group Guangdong Electric Power Design Institute Co Ltd
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China Energy Construction Group Guangdong Electric Power Design Institute Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/727Offshore wind turbines

Abstract

The utility model discloses the transport of a kind of marine wind turbine whole machine and special purpose ship is installed, described marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship, comprise transportation pontoon, fixing Steel Structure, Mobile steel framework, the main body of transportation pontoon is provided with many jack up piles, fixing Steel Structure is provided with multiple first blower fan anchor ear mechanism, Mobile steel framework is slidably arranged in below fixing Steel Structure, Mobile steel framework comprises the first supporting leg and the second supporting leg that are oppositely arranged on main body both sides, the upper end of the first supporting leg and the second supporting leg be provided with across support beam, the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism is established at the middle part of support beam, the lower surface of support beam is provided with sliding rail, sliding rail is provided with hoist mechanism, balance hanger is provided with below support beam, balance hanger is provided with the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism, hoist mechanism is connected with balance hanger, the stern of main body is provided with assembling notch.It can realize blower fan integral transportation and installation function simultaneously, effectively reduces costs.

Description

Marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship
Technical field
The utility model relates to the transport of a kind of marine wind turbine whole machine and installs special purpose ship.
Background technology
Present stage, domestic and international offshore wind turbine installs the split type mounting means of general employing, mounting shipping mostly is jack up offshore work platform, also a small amount of Engineering Projects adopting blower fan integral type to install is had, the impact that offshore wind turbine is installed by marine hydrometeorology condition is larger, major influence factors has the depth of water, wind, wave, rain, mist, thunderstorm and tide etc., and the major defect of the split type mounting means of offshore wind turbine is that the offshore construction cycle is long, and construction risk is high; Offshore wind turbine is installed according to integral type assembling mode, then Potential Working Time For Operation At Sea can be reduced, reduce the non-controllable risk that natural cause causes, often utilize large-scale crane ship for integral type assembling both at home and abroad, be equipped with special complete blower ships that transport and tugboat simultaneously, ship group is huge, causes offshore wind turbine erected cost high.
Summary of the invention
Based on this, be necessary the defect for prior art, provide a kind of marine wind turbine whole machine to transport and special purpose ship is installed, blower fan integral transportation and installation function can be realized simultaneously, effectively reduce costs.
Its technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship, comprise transportation pontoon, fixing Steel Structure, Mobile steel framework, described transportation pontoon comprises main body, and the driving compartment be arranged on main body and control system, described main body is provided with many jack up piles, described fixing Steel Structure is fixedly mounted on main body, fixing Steel Structure is provided with multiple first blower fan anchor ear mechanism, described Mobile steel framework is slidably arranged in below fixing Steel Structure, Mobile steel framework comprises the first supporting leg and the second supporting leg that are oppositely arranged on main body both sides, the upper end of the first supporting leg and the second supporting leg be provided with across support beam, the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism is established at the middle part of described support beam, the lower surface of support beam is provided with sliding rail, described sliding rail is provided with hoist mechanism, balance hanger is provided with below described support beam, described balance hanger is provided with the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism, described hoist mechanism is connected with balance hanger, the stern of main body is provided with assembling notch.
Its further technical characteristic is as follows:
Described main body is square-box-shaped structure, the bottom surface of its bow and stern is skewed, main body is provided with two moving tracks, and the first supporting leg, the second supporting leg are arranged on moving track respectively, and the first supporting leg, the second supporting leg are driven can be moved on moving track by driver train.
The inner side of described first supporting leg, the second supporting leg is equipped with detouchable supporting seat, and described balance hanger can be fixed on described supporting seat.
Described hoist mechanism comprises hoisting sheave, crane winch and service platform, described crane winch, service platform are arranged on the first supporting leg and/or the second supporting leg, described hoisting sheave is arranged on described sliding rail, first steel rope is on hoisting sheave and be connected with the upper surface of balance hanger, crane winch, the lower surface of described balance hanger is provided with hook, one end of second steel rope is connected with described hook, and the other end is used for being connected with base plate.
Fixing Steel Structure is interval with three the first blower fan anchor ear mechanisms along main body longitudinal direction, and main body is provided with the assembling seat corresponding with the first blower fan anchor ear mechanism.
Described fixing Steel Structure comprises the column that the six roots of sensation is separately positioned on main body both sides, three root posts of the same side are connected by longeron, two root posts that homonymy is not relative are connected by crossbeam, disconnect in the middle part of described crossbeam, be respectively first point of beam, second point of beam, three first point of beams are connected by the first tie-beam, three second point of beams are connected by the second tie-beam, the passage holding blower fan and pass through is formed between first tie-beam and the second tie-beam, first point of relative beam and the assembling position formed between second point of beam and assembling seat is corresponding, each first blower fan anchor ear mechanism comprises four hydraulic separate anchor ears, wherein two hydraulic separate anchor ears are arranged on first point of beam of corresponding assembling position, two other hydraulic separate anchor ear is arranged on second point of beam of corresponding assembling position, four hydraulic separate anchor ears of same first blower fan anchor ear mechanism are in intersecting diagonal angle setting.
Described control system is electrically connected with described driver train, described service platform, the first blower fan anchor ear mechanism, the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism, the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism respectively.
Described main body is provided with four jack up piles, four jack up piles are separately positioned on the both sides of main body between two relatively, the bow of main body and stern are separately installed with at least one positioning anchor, and the skewed bottom surface of bow and stern is provided with at least one all-direction propeller, described main body is also provided with deck to hang, the outside being arranged on moving track is hung on described deck.
A kind of marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation method, comprise the steps:
(1) the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism of Mobile steel framework, the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism is opened, Mobile steel framework moves to blower fan position to be transported, by hoist mechanism, balance hanger is promoted to blower fan height of gravitational center position or the above position of blower fan height of gravitational center, closed 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism, the steel rope of hoist mechanism is connected with base plate;
(2) blower fan lifts by crane by hoist mechanism, closed second blower fan anchor ear mechanism, Mobile steel framework moves and drives blower fan to move to installed position corresponding on main body, open the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism, blower fan is transferred by hoist mechanism, then open the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism, the first blower fan anchor ear mechanism closes the blower fan that fixing transport puts in place;
(3) Mobile steel framework moves and prepares another blower fan of transport, repeats step (1), (2);
(4) when all blower fans that need transport all are transported to after on main body, start transportation pontoon, when transportation pontoon scanning frequency puts in place, assembling notch on main body is in above blower fan Attention problems basis, jack up pile is transferred gradually to contact seabed, and main body is raised to installation exercise height;
(5) the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism of Mobile steel framework, the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism is opened, Mobile steel framework moves to the blower fan position near assembling notch, by hoist mechanism, balance hanger is promoted to blower fan height of gravitational center position or the above position of blower fan height of gravitational center, closed 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism, the steel rope of hoist mechanism is connected with base plate;
(6) blower fan lifts by crane by hoist mechanism, closed second blower fan anchor ear mechanism, Mobile steel framework move and drive blower fan to move to above assembling notch, open the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism, blower fan is transferred on blower fan Attention problems basis by hoist mechanism, then opens the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism;
(7) Mobile steel framework moves and prepares to install another blower fan, repeats step (5), (6).
Further, in step (4), jack up pile is transferred gradually to contact seabed, and main body is raised to installation exercise height, specifically comprises the steps:
Four jack up piles on main body are transferred to contact seabed simultaneously and are continued to press down;
When main body is lifted to floating line desired location, two jack up piles wherein on a diagonal line stop pressing down, two jack up piles on another diagonal line continue to press down lifting main body until when the force value of its hydraulic efficiency pressure system reaches rated value, stopping presses down, then continued to press down lifting main body until when the force value of its hydraulic efficiency pressure system reaches rated value by the two jack up piles stopping at first pressing down, four jack up piles press down simultaneously and main body are raised to installation exercise height.
Below the advantage of preceding solution or principle are described:
Above-mentioned marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship, by arranging Mobile steel framework and blower fan can conveniently be transported on main body by hoist mechanism, blower fan is made stably to be placed on main body by arranging fixing Steel Structure, the blower fan Attention problems basis place that blower fan can be driven to navigate predetermined by transportation pontoon, transferred to contact seabed by jack up pile and main body is raised to installation exercise height, by arranging assembling notch at the stern of main body, blower fan lifting moves to above blower fan Attention problems basis by Mobile steel framework and hoist mechanism, being transferred by blower fan by assembling notch is arranged on Attention problems basis, thus blower fan integral transportation and installation function can be realized simultaneously, significantly can shorten Potential Working Time For Operation At Sea, installation effectiveness is high, reduce the cost of installation of offshore wind turbine.
Above-mentioned marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation method, simple to operation, significantly can shorten Potential Working Time For Operation At Sea, installation effectiveness is high, reduces the cost of installation of offshore wind turbine.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the marine wind turbine whole machine transport described in the utility model embodiment and the schematic front view of installing special purpose ship;
Fig. 2 is the marine wind turbine whole machine transport described in the utility model embodiment and the schematic top plan view of installing special purpose ship;
Fig. 3 is for looking schematic diagram in a left side for the marine wind turbine whole machine transport described in the utility model embodiment and installation special purpose ship;
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of the main body described in the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view of the fixing Steel Structure described in the utility model embodiment.
Description of reference numerals:
1, blower fan, 10, transportation pontoon, 110, main body, 120, jack up pile, 130, assembling notch, 140, moving track, 150, assembling seat, 20, fixing Steel Structure, 210, first blower fan anchor ear mechanism, 212, hydraulic separate anchor ear, 220, column, 230, longeron, 240, crossbeam, 250, first tie-beam, 260, second tie-beam, 30, Mobile steel framework, 310, first supporting leg, 320, second supporting leg, 330, support beam, 340, second blower fan anchor ear mechanism, 350, balance hanger, 360, 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism, 370, supporting seat, 40, hoist mechanism, 410, first steel rope, 420, second steel rope, 50, positioning anchor, 60, all-direction propeller, 70, deck is hung.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1 to 5, a kind of marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship, comprise transportation pontoon 10, fixing Steel Structure 20, Mobile steel framework 30, described transportation pontoon 10 comprises main body 110, and the driving compartment be arranged on main body 110 and control system, described main body 110 is provided with many jack up piles 120, described fixing Steel Structure 20 is fixedly mounted on main body 110, fixing Steel Structure 20 is provided with multiple first blower fan anchor ear mechanism 210, described Mobile steel framework is slidably arranged in below fixing Steel Structure 20, Mobile steel framework comprises the first supporting leg 310 and the second supporting leg 320 being oppositely arranged on main body 110 both sides, the upper end of the first supporting leg 310 and the second supporting leg 320 be provided with across support beam 330, the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism 340 is established at the middle part of described support beam 330, the lower surface of support beam 330 is provided with sliding rail (not shown), described sliding rail is provided with hoist mechanism 40, balance hanger 350 is provided with below described support beam 330, described balance hanger 350 is provided with the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360, described hoist mechanism 40 is connected with balance hanger 350, the stern of main body 110 is provided with assembling notch 130.
The transport of this marine wind turbine whole machine and installation special purpose ship, by arranging Mobile steel framework 30 and blower fan can conveniently be transported on main body 110 by hoist mechanism 40, by arranging fixing Steel Structure 20, blower fan can be stably placed on main body 110, the blower fan Attention problems basis place that blower fan can be driven to navigate predetermined by transportation pontoon 10, at the stern of main body 110, assembling notch 130 is set, blower fan lifting moves to above blower fan Attention problems basis by Mobile steel framework 30 and hoist mechanism 40, being transferred by blower fan by assembling notch 130 is arranged on Attention problems basis, thus blower fan integral transportation and installation function can be realized simultaneously, significantly can shorten Potential Working Time For Operation At Sea, installation effectiveness is high, reduce the cost of installation of offshore wind turbine.This transportation pontoon 10 has from boat ability, its bow and stern are respectively provided with two full-rotating rudder paddles to carry out dispatching navigation, also dispatch by towage where necessary, before setting sail, reply navigation, communication, the equipment such as lifesaving check comprehensively, ensure that above-mentioned facility is in good seaworthy, when moving boat, jack up pile 120 is all packed up, the shoe of jack up pile 120 closes at the groove bottom main body 110, when moving boat, method of ship floating condition should be noted, avoid producing excessive heel, trim, be mainly used in coastal and offshore area marine site and carry out marine fan integrated transport and installation exercise.
With reference to Fig. 1, main body 110 described in this example is square-box-shaped structure, the bottom surface of its bow and stern is skewed, to reduce running resistance, main body 110 is provided with two moving tracks 140, first supporting leg 310, second supporting leg 320 is arranged on moving track 140 respectively, and the first supporting leg 310, second supporting leg 320 is driven can be moved on moving track 140 by driver train, Mobile steel framework 30 is run on main body 110 more steady.
With reference to Fig. 3, the inner side of described first supporting leg 310, second supporting leg 320 is equipped with detouchable supporting seat 370, and described balance hanger 350 can be fixed on described supporting seat 370.Supporting seat 370 is generally arranged on blower fan height of gravitational center position or the above position of blower fan height of gravitational center, be convenient to stable equilibrium suspension bracket 350 in transportation pontoon 10 navigates by water, avoid balance hanger 350 to rock, the blower fan of differing heights, the setting position of supporting seat 370 adjusts thereupon.Vertical ladder or inclined ladder are established in the outside of the first supporting leg 310, second supporting leg 320, are suitably highly establishing access hole to be convenient to maintenance in the future.
Described hoist mechanism 40 comprises hoisting sheave, crane winch and service platform, described crane winch, service platform is arranged on the first supporting leg 310 and/or the second supporting leg 320, described hoisting sheave is arranged on described sliding rail, first steel rope 410 is around on hoisting sheave, and with the upper surface of balance hanger 350, crane winch connects, the lower surface of described balance hanger 350 is provided with hook, one end of second steel rope 420 is connected with described hook, the other end is used for being connected with base plate, hoist mechanism 40 can drive balance hanger 350 and blower fan to horizontally slip along sliding rail, to regulate the installation site of blower fan, Mobile steel framework can drive blower fan to move along main body 110 longitudinal direction simultaneously, realize the adjustment of blower fan front and back position, , blower fan can lift by crane by hoist mechanism 40, fall, realize the adjustment of blower fan upper-lower position, thus realize the position adjustments of blower fan six direction smoothly, assembling is accurately put in place.Control system described in the present embodiment is electrically connected with described driver train, described service platform, the first blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360 of blower fan anchor ear mechanism of blower fan anchor ear mechanism 210, second the 340, the 3rd respectively.Set-up of control system controls in machine room at the bow of main body 110, control main integrated anchor ear operation control system, Mobile steel framework operation system, video monitoring system etc. in machine room, Unmanned operation is realized in work area, safely, efficiently during assembling.
With reference to Fig. 2,4,5, fixing Steel Structure 20 is interval with three the first blower fan anchor ear mechanisms 210 along main body 110 longitudinal direction, and main body 110 is provided with the assembling seat 150 corresponding with the first blower fan anchor ear mechanism 210.
With reference to Fig. 1, 5, described fixing Steel Structure 20 comprises the column 220 that the six roots of sensation is separately positioned on main body 110 both sides, three root posts 220 of the same side are connected by longeron 230, two root posts 220 that homonymy is not relative are connected by crossbeam 240, disconnect in the middle part of described crossbeam 240, be respectively first point of beam, second point of beam, three first point of beams are connected by the first tie-beam 250, three second point of beams are connected by the second tie-beam 260, the passage holding blower fan and pass through is formed between first tie-beam 250 and the second tie-beam 260, first point of relative beam and the assembling position formed between second point of beam and assembling seat is corresponding, each first blower fan anchor ear mechanism 210 comprises four hydraulic separate anchor ears 212, wherein two hydraulic separate anchor ears 212 are arranged on first point of beam of corresponding assembling position, two other hydraulic separate anchor ear 212 is arranged on second point of beam of corresponding assembling position, four hydraulic separate anchor ears 212 of same first blower fan anchor ear mechanism 210 are in intersecting diagonal angle setting.Fixed type steel framework is mainly used in the fixing and support when transport of integral type blower fan, this enforcement can fix three integral type blower fans simultaneously, four hydraulic separate anchor ears 212 of each first blower fan anchor ear mechanism 210 fix the upper column cylinder of a Fans 1, the lower head tower cylinder of blower fan 1 is connected with the second steel rope and is arranged on the assembling seat of main body 110, be provided with tie bolt between blower fan and assembling pedestal in navigation process, during lifting, need tie bolt be unclamped.In navigation process, avoid Mobile steel framework to move, by catch gear, Mobile steel framework is locked on main body 110.
With reference to Fig. 1, described main body 110 is provided with four jack up piles 120, four jack up piles 120 are separately positioned on the both sides of main body 110 between two relatively, the bow of main body 110 and stern are separately installed with at least one positioning anchor 50, and the skewed bottom surface of bow and stern is provided with at least one all-direction propeller 60, described main body 110 is also provided with deck and hangs 70, the outside that 70 are arranged on moving track is hung on described deck.Deck hangs 70 for grabbing accessory, other annex of blower fan, and all-direction propeller 60 is for adjusting hull service direction, by four jack up piles 120, it respectively arranges two at bow and stern, keeps main body 110 to balance, jack up pile 120 is supported by the shoe of lower end, for the lift work of main body 110, leave the water surface to realize hull bottom, form offshore wind turbine installation platform, transportation pontoon 10 is positioned by ponton manoeuvring winch folding and unfolding positioning anchor 50, when transportation pontoon 10 navigates by water to distance blower fan Attention problems basis certain distance, make the assembling notch 130 of transportation pontoon 10 afterbody facing to Attention problems square foundation to, first throw the positioning anchor 50 of bow, throw the positioning anchor 50 of stern again, make main body 110 close to Attention problems basis gradually by continuous rope closing, constantly adjustment both sides anchor line avoids basic generation of assembling notch 130 and Attention problems to collide simultaneously, finally make main body 110 slowly move near Attention problems basis to position, in the process of anchoring location, four jack up piles 120 are slowly transferred simultaneously, when transportation pontoon 10 arrives relevant position, Attention problems basis, the place that jack up pile 120 is transferred to several meters, distance from bottom seabed by hydraulic efficiency pressure system is suspended, now by slowly adjusting ponton manoeuvring winch, the position of an adjustment main body 110, when the position of the Mobile steel framework on main body 110 and the position on Attention problems basis being reached preset precision, four jack up piles 120 are transferred to contact seabed simultaneously, this transportation pontoon 10 lifting precompressed carries out precompressed by own wt, when transportation pontoon 10 entirety is lifted to drinking water about 1.0 meters, two jack up piles 120 wherein on a diagonal line stop pressing down, be in " unclamping " state, two jack up piles 120 of other a pair linea angulata press down lifting transportation pontoon 10, when the pressure of its hydraulic efficiency pressure system reaches rated value, this quits work to jack up pile 120, lifting transportation pontoon 10 by the jack up pile 120 on another diagonal line, when the pressure of its hydraulic efficiency pressure system reaches rated value, four jack up pile 120 liftings simultaneously, make transportation pontoon 10 leave the water surface and reach installation exercise height.
A kind of marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation method, comprise the steps:
(1) the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360 of blower fan anchor ear mechanism the 340, the 3rd of Mobile steel framework is opened, Mobile steel framework moves to blower fan position to be transported, by hoist mechanism 40, balance hanger 350 is promoted to blower fan height of gravitational center position or the above position of blower fan height of gravitational center, closed 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360, the steel rope of hoist mechanism 40 is connected with base plate;
(2) blower fan 1 lifts by crane by hoist mechanism 40, closed second blower fan anchor ear mechanism 340, Mobile steel framework moves and drives blower fan to move to installed position corresponding on main body 110, open the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism 340, blower fan is transferred by hoist mechanism 40, then the blower fan that the closed fixing transport of the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism of blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360, first 210 puts in place is opened;
(3) Mobile steel framework moves and prepares another blower fan of transport, repeats step (1), (2);
(4) when all blower fans that need transport all are transported to after on main body 110, start transportation pontoon 10, when transportation pontoon 10 scanning frequency puts in place, assembling notch 130 on main body 110 is in above blower fan Attention problems basis, jack up pile 120 is transferred gradually to contact seabed, and main body 110 is raised to installation exercise height;
(5) the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360 of blower fan anchor ear mechanism the 340, the 3rd of Mobile steel framework is opened, Mobile steel framework moves to the blower fan position near assembling notch 130, by hoist mechanism 40, balance hanger 350 is promoted to blower fan height of gravitational center position or the above position of blower fan height of gravitational center, closed 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360, the steel rope of hoist mechanism 40 is connected with base plate;
(6) blower fan lifts by crane by hoist mechanism 40, closed second blower fan anchor ear mechanism 340, Mobile steel framework move and drive blower fan to move to above assembling notch 130, open the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism 340, blower fan is transferred on blower fan Attention problems basis by hoist mechanism 40, then opens the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism 360;
(7) Mobile steel framework moves and prepares to install another blower fan, repeats step (5), (6).
The transport of this marine wind turbine whole machine and installation method, simple to operation, significantly can shorten Potential Working Time For Operation At Sea, installation effectiveness is high, reduces the cost of installation of offshore wind turbine.
Further, in step (4), jack up pile 120 is transferred gradually to contact seabed, and main body 110 is raised to installation exercise height, specifically comprises the steps:
Four jack up piles 120 on main body 110 are transferred to contact seabed simultaneously and are continued to press down;
When main body 110 is lifted to floating line desired location, two jack up piles 120 wherein on a diagonal line stop pressing down, two jack up piles 120 on another diagonal line continue to press down lifting main body 110 until when the force value of its hydraulic efficiency pressure system reaches rated value, stopping presses down, then continued to press down lifting main body 110 until when the force value of its hydraulic efficiency pressure system reaches rated value by the two jack up piles 120 stopping at first pressing down, four jack up piles 120 press down simultaneously and main body 110 are raised to installation exercise height.This step can ensure to keep balance in main body 110 lifting process, avoids main body 110 to tilt.
Further, in step (6), blower fan is transferred on blower fan Attention problems basis by hoist mechanism 40, specifically comprise the steps: hoisting sheave sway, after adjustment blower fan tower barrel aligns with the horizontal position on Attention problems basis, hoist mechanism 40 starts lower air discharging machine, blower fan is first transferred on the shock absorber on Attention problems basis, blower fan is being transferred in the process of the shock absorber on Attention problems basis, exactitude position installation is carried out by the system in place of the bottom on Attention problems basis, bottom system in place is installed on the transition phase top on Attention problems basis, shock absorber is by cushion cylinder, electro-hydraulic proportion reversing valve, the composition such as switch valve and energy storage, cushion cylinder is equipped with displacement pickup and pressure sensor respectively, the base of blower fan bottom installs acceleration pick-up, realize the monitoring of decline displacement, when blower fan drops to certain altitude, the rough positioning device started to Attention problems basis is close, the base of blower fan bottom declines along the guiding of rough positioning device, when cushion cylinder drops to that under blower fan, tower cylinder inside flange face and transition phase steel pipe flange are at a distance of certain altitude, the synchronization lifting of cushion cylinder stops, the fine positioning automatic centering system on Attention problems basis starts to carry out fine positioning to blower fan, the bolt hole of tower cylinder under blower fan is made to aim at transition phase steel pipe flange bolt hole, after fine positioning automatic centering process completes, positioning pin is inserted in tower cylinder inside flange face and several bolts hole of transition phase steel pipe flange under blower fan, declining makes inside flange face fit again, then positioning pin is extracted, start high strength bolt is installed, so far, current assembling is complete, transportation pontoon 10 moves to an other Attention problems basis, place, another blower fan is installed, until three Fans all install.
Each technical characteristic of the above embodiment can combine arbitrarily, for making description succinct, the all possible combination of each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment is not all described, but, as long as the combination of these technical characteristics does not exist contradiction, be all considered to be the scope that this specification sheets is recorded.
The above embodiment only have expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to the utility model the scope of the claims.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (8)

1. a marine wind turbine whole machine transport and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, comprise transportation pontoon, fixing Steel Structure, Mobile steel framework, described transportation pontoon comprises main body, and the driving compartment be arranged on main body and control system, described main body is provided with many jack up piles, described fixing Steel Structure is fixedly mounted on main body, fixing Steel Structure is provided with multiple first blower fan anchor ear mechanism, described Mobile steel framework is slidably arranged in below fixing Steel Structure, Mobile steel framework comprises the first supporting leg and the second supporting leg that are oppositely arranged on main body both sides, the upper end of the first supporting leg and the second supporting leg be provided with across support beam, the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism is established at the middle part of described support beam, the lower surface of support beam is provided with sliding rail, described sliding rail is provided with hoist mechanism, balance hanger is provided with below described support beam, described balance hanger is provided with the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism, described hoist mechanism is connected with balance hanger, the stern of main body is provided with assembling notch.
2. marine wind turbine whole machine transport as claimed in claim 1 and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, described main body is square-box-shaped structure, the bottom surface of its bow and stern is skewed, main body is provided with two moving tracks, first supporting leg, the second supporting leg are arranged on moving track respectively, and the first supporting leg, the second supporting leg are driven can be moved on moving track by driver train.
3. marine wind turbine whole machine transport as claimed in claim 1 and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, the inner side of described first supporting leg, the second supporting leg is equipped with detouchable supporting seat, and described balance hanger can be fixed on described supporting seat.
4. marine wind turbine whole machine transport as claimed in claim 2 and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, described hoist mechanism comprises hoisting sheave, crane winch and service platform, described crane winch, service platform is arranged on the first supporting leg and/or the second supporting leg, described hoisting sheave is arranged on described sliding rail, first steel rope is around on hoisting sheave, and with the upper surface of balance hanger, crane winch connects, the lower surface of described balance hanger is provided with hook, one end of second steel rope is connected with described hook, the other end is used for being connected with base plate.
5. marine wind turbine whole machine transport as claimed in claim 1 and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, fixing Steel Structure is interval with three the first blower fan anchor ear mechanisms along main body longitudinal direction, and main body is provided with the assembling seat corresponding with the first blower fan anchor ear mechanism.
6. marine wind turbine whole machine transport as claimed in claim 5 and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, described fixing Steel Structure comprises the column that the six roots of sensation is separately positioned on main body both sides, three root posts of the same side are connected by longeron, two root posts that homonymy is not relative are connected by crossbeam, disconnect in the middle part of described crossbeam, be respectively first point of beam, second point of beam, three first point of beams are connected by the first tie-beam, three second point of beams are connected by the second tie-beam, the passage holding blower fan and pass through is formed between first tie-beam and the second tie-beam, first point of relative beam and the assembling position formed between second point of beam and assembling seat is corresponding, each first blower fan anchor ear mechanism comprises four hydraulic separate anchor ears, wherein two hydraulic separate anchor ears are arranged on first point of beam of corresponding assembling position, two other hydraulic separate anchor ear is arranged on second point of beam of corresponding assembling position, four hydraulic separate anchor ears of same first blower fan anchor ear mechanism are in intersecting diagonal angle setting.
7. marine wind turbine whole machine transport as claimed in claim 4 and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, described control system is electrically connected with described driver train, described service platform, the first blower fan anchor ear mechanism, the second blower fan anchor ear mechanism, the 3rd blower fan anchor ear mechanism respectively.
8. the marine wind turbine whole machine transport as described in any one of claim 2 to 7 and installation special purpose ship, it is characterized in that, described main body is provided with four jack up piles, four jack up piles are separately positioned on the both sides of main body between two relatively, the bow of main body and stern are separately installed with at least one positioning anchor, and the skewed bottom surface of bow and stern is provided with at least one all-direction propeller, described main body is also provided with deck and hangs, the outside being arranged on moving track is hung on described deck.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104527937A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-04-22 中国能源建设集团广东省电力设计研究院有限公司 Ship special for transporting and installing whole offshore wind turbine and method
CN105711766A (en) * 2016-04-03 2016-06-29 大连理工大学 Self-lifting submerging type underwater working platform and application method thereof
CN106894953A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-27 天津大学 A kind of marine four basic formula wind-powered electricity generation whole machine installation ships and its single step construction method
CN106965906A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-07-21 天津大学 A kind of marine three basic formula wind-powered electricity generation whole machine installation ships and its single step construction method
CN112092987A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-18 广东工业大学 Offshore wind turbine installation ship with self-expanding inclined support type pile shoe

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104527937A (en) * 2015-01-09 2015-04-22 中国能源建设集团广东省电力设计研究院有限公司 Ship special for transporting and installing whole offshore wind turbine and method
CN105711766A (en) * 2016-04-03 2016-06-29 大连理工大学 Self-lifting submerging type underwater working platform and application method thereof
CN106894953A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-06-27 天津大学 A kind of marine four basic formula wind-powered electricity generation whole machine installation ships and its single step construction method
CN106965906A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-07-21 天津大学 A kind of marine three basic formula wind-powered electricity generation whole machine installation ships and its single step construction method
CN106965906B (en) * 2017-02-28 2018-11-20 天津大学 A kind of marine three basic formula wind-powered electricity generation complete machine installation ships and its single step construction method
CN112092987A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-18 广东工业大学 Offshore wind turbine installation ship with self-expanding inclined support type pile shoe

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