CN204460295U - There is the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler of three backhaul discharge flues - Google Patents

There is the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler of three backhaul discharge flues Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204460295U
CN204460295U CN201520104883.0U CN201520104883U CN204460295U CN 204460295 U CN204460295 U CN 204460295U CN 201520104883 U CN201520104883 U CN 201520104883U CN 204460295 U CN204460295 U CN 204460295U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
channel
flue
communicated
data feedback
discharge
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Application number
CN201520104883.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李占联
吴风录
李连珍
李旭鹏
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石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司
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Priority to CN201520104883.0U priority Critical patent/CN204460295U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues, comprise body of heater, blower fan and control panel, furnace interior is divided into four chambers by water jacket partition, be respectively fuel chambers, main chamber, subsidiary combustion chamber and discharge flue, fuel chambers and subsidiary combustion chamber are arranged side by side, both belows are water pipe furnace grate, the below of water pipe furnace grate is main chamber, discharge flue comprises data feedback channel, down going channel and tail flue, three is arranged side by side, data feedback channel is communicated with the upper end of down going channel, down going channel is communicated with the lower end of tail flue, data feedback channel, down going channel and tail flue form the discharge flue of three backhauls, close between the upper end of data feedback channel and subsidiary combustion chamber, the lower end of data feedback channel is communicated with main chamber.This stove and accessory can absorb the heat in flue gas effectively, reduces the impurity content in flue gas, reduces pollutant emission, and by improving the structure of inlet and outlet mouth, achieving intelligent power saving and controlling.

Description

There is the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler of three backhaul discharge flues

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of Heating stove, especially a kind ofly can eliminate black smoke, reduce discharge, numerical control heating boiler that heating efficiency is high.

Background technology

Along with the worsening shortages of the energy, power-saving technology is more and more subject to people's attention.In the north that weather is colder, one to heating season will be heated by heating stove in a large number.Existing heating stove is all that user manually controls heating stove air intake state, to control the fired state of stove.That is: when indoor temperature is higher, the air inlet of closing heating stove reaches to reduce heating stove intake the object controlling heating stove burning, reduces room temperature.And indoor temperature lower time, open the air inlet of heating stove to increase heating stove intake, raising room temperature.

But this mode cannot control the combustion case of stove automatically according to the temperature of setting, reached predetermined temperature and boiler is still burning away, cause meaningless energy waste under causing a lot of situation.

At present, market also has a kind of numerical control heating boiler, controls air intake with blower fan, this heating stove can control blower fan according to indoor temperature and open, and improves the utilization rate of heat, thus economize energy.But this kind of numerical control heating stove fails to take into account the function of reduction of discharging while energy-conservation, have ignored the control to air pollution emission, affects air quality, do not meet the environmental protection policy of energy-saving and emission-reduction; And after temperature reaches setting value, main air inlet can not be closed automatically, stove and accessory, still in high power running, can not accomplish that real intelligent power saving controls.

Utility model content

The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues, this stove and accessory can absorb the heat in flue gas effectively, reduce the impurity content in flue gas, reduce pollutant emission, and by improving the structure of inlet and outlet mouth, achieving intelligent power saving and controlling.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues, comprise body of heater, blower fan and control panel, it is characterized in that described furnace interior is divided into four chambers by water jacket partition, be respectively fuel chambers, main chamber, subsidiary combustion chamber and discharge flue, described fuel chambers and subsidiary combustion chamber are arranged side by side, both belows are water pipe furnace grate, the below of water pipe furnace grate is main chamber, discharge flue comprises data feedback channel, down going channel and tail flue, three is arranged side by side, described data feedback channel is communicated with the upper end of down going channel, down going channel is communicated with the lower end of tail flue, data feedback channel, down going channel and tail flue form the discharge flue of three backhauls, close between the upper end of described data feedback channel and subsidiary combustion chamber, the lower end of data feedback channel is communicated with main chamber.

Said structure is described further, the top of described subsidiary combustion chamber is provided with second row mouth, the top of discharge flue is provided with first row mouth, described first row mouth is connected with channel switch through blower fan, second row mouth is directly connected with channel switch, and the smoke outlet of described channel switch is provided with chimney.

Said structure is described further, described channel switch comprises housing, rotary turnover panel is provided with in housing, described turnover panel closes first row mouth or second row mouth, ensure that first row mouth or second row mouth are communicated with chimney, be provided with counterweight in the side of turnover panel, the weight of counterweight is greater than the weight of turnover panel, and the center of gravity of counterweight and turnover panel is in turnover panel side.

Said structure is described further, described main chamber is communicated with the first air inlet of body of heater, the first described air inlet is provided with gravity-type air intake switch, described gravity-type air intake switch is that the inner upper wall of air intake passage is provided with rotatable hush panel, described hush panel is obliquely installed, and tightly fit with the inwall of the first air inlet, hush panel is open mode when motor runs.

Said structure is described further, the middle part of described subsidiary combustion chamber is provided with burner, the sidewall of described burner is provided with fresh air inlet, and this fresh air inlet is communicated with the secondary air inlet being located at sidewall of the furnace body, be evenly equipped with directly over burner two-layer more than cross water pipe.

Be described further said structure, described control panel is the circuit controller of digital display, and this controller by gathering the signal of furnace body outer wall upper water-out mouth place temperature sensor, and sends signal to control blower fan start-stop.

The beneficial effect adopting technique scheme to produce is: the utility model is on the basis of original heating stove, the structure of flue is improved, be divided into flue collector and auxillary flue, both are independent exists, wherein flue collector is that discharge flue is designed to three return structures, and to the lower end of flue by being positioned at lower portion of furnace body, the main chamber of the first air inlet is communicated with, this stove and accessory can absorb the heat in flue gas effectively, the resistance of effective reduction discharge flue, improve air suction efficiency, reduce the impurity content in flue gas, reduce pollutant emission; The utility model is provided with channel switch in the exit position of discharge flue, gravity-type air intake switch is provided with at the first air inlet, these two switches all can drive the flowing of flue gas in body of heater by blower fan, realize opening and closing, do not need to add electric valve or artificial toggle switch, meet the automation heating of numerical control boiler; Control the start-stop of blower fan by control panel collecting temperature signal, achieve the automatic control of boiler heating, replace people more accurately, more careful, more ideally complete independent heating work.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.

Fig. 1 is external structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is internal structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;

Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram of channel switch in the utility model;

Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of air inlet gravity-type air intake switch in the utility model;

Wherein: 1, first air inlet, 2, ash discharging hole, 3, secondary air inlet, 4, charging aperture, 5, second row mouth, 6, blower fan, 7, chimney, 8, control panel, 9, first row mouth, 10, delivery port, 11, cleaning door, 12, water inlet, 13, main chamber, 14, fuel chambers, 15, burner, 16, subsidiary combustion chamber, 17, cross water pipe, 18, discharge flue, 19, data feedback channel, 20, down going channel, 21, air intake branch road, 22, channel switch, 23, counterweight, 24, turnover panel, 25, gripper shoe, 26, hush panel, 27, tail flue, 28, water pipe furnace grate.

Detailed description of the invention

The utility model is specifically related to a kind of counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues, and this stove and accessory can effectively reduce smoke evacuation resistance, and reduces soot emission.The concrete structure of this numerical control heating boiler comprises body of heater, blower fan 6 and control panel 8, wherein control panel 8 is the circuit controller of digital display, this controller 8 is by gathering the signal of furnace body outer wall upper water-out mouth 10 place temperature sensor, and send signal to control blower fan 6 start-stop, realize getting angry and control of banking up a fire of body of heater, thus automatically control leaving water temperature.

The utility model improves furnace interior structure and smoke evacuation switch, first furnace interior structure is divided into four chambers by water jacket partition, be respectively fuel chambers 14, main chamber 13, subsidiary combustion chamber 16 and discharge flue 18, be wherein water pipe furnace grate 28 below fuel chambers 14 and subsidiary combustion chamber 16, the below of water pipe furnace grate 28 is main chamber 13, the utility model improves discharge flue 18, form three backhaul discharge flues, it specifically comprises data feedback channel 19, down going channel 20 and tail flue 27, three is arranged side by side, data feedback channel 19 is communicated with the upper end of down going channel 20, down going channel 20 is communicated with the lower end of tail flue 27, data feedback channel 19, down going channel 20 and tail flue 27 form the discharge flue 18 of three backhauls, close between the upper end of data feedback channel 19 and combustion chamber 16, the lower end of data feedback channel 19 is communicated with main chamber 13, this discharge flue 18 is when heating stove is got angry, flue gas enters chimney through three backhauls.Be second row mouth 5 above combustion chamber 16, second row mouth 5 is discharged fume when banking up a fire.Discharge flue and second row mouth 5 are independent to be existed, and does not produce common factor, can make the flue gas of discharge flue by the first air inlet 1 with combustible fumes after main chamber 13 mixes combining combustion, directly enter discharge flue, thus reduce the exhaust resistance of flue gas.

The utility model by water pipe furnace grate 28 separately, forms two combustion spaces between main chamber 13 and subsidiary combustion chamber 16, main chamber 13 and the first air inlet 1 close, under firing mode, the air entered directly mixes with combustible fumes, Thorough combustion; Under the state of banking up a fire, combustible fumes, in subsidiary combustion chamber 16 combustion, utilizes secondary air inlet air feed, realizes water keeping warm mode in body of heater.

Smoke evacuation switch in the utility model comprises two, and first is channel switch 22.The top of combustion chamber 16 is provided with second row mouth 5, the top of discharge flue 18 is provided with first row mouth 9, first row mouth 9 is connected with channel switch 22 through blower fan 6, second row mouth 5 is directly connected with channel switch 22, the smoke outlet of channel switch 22 is provided with chimney 7, this is the effect of channel switch 22 in body of heater, is to carry out opening and closing conversion between first row mouth 9 and second row mouth 5.The concrete structure of channel switch 22 comprises housing, rotary turnover panel 24 is provided with in housing, turnover panel 24 closes first row mouth 9 or second row mouth 5, ensure that first row mouth 9 or second row mouth 5 are communicated with chimney 7, counterweight 23 is provided with in the side of turnover panel 24, the weight of counterweight 23 is greater than the weight of turnover panel 24, and the center of gravity of counterweight 23 and turnover panel 24 is in turnover panel 24 side.Utilize the weight of counterweight 23, turnover panel 23 can be realized and turn to first row mouth 9, close first row mouth 9, open second row mouth 5, then utilize blower fan to drive flow of flue gas, turnover panel 24 can be promoted and rotate, close second row mouth 5, open first row mouth 9, the conversion of exhaust gases passes can be realized like this.

Second smoke evacuation switch is positioned at the first air inlet 1 place, it is a kind of gravity-type air intake switch, this gravity-type air intake switch is that the inner upper wall of air intake passage is provided with rotatable hush panel 26, hush panel is obliquely installed, hush panel 26 is tightly fitted with the inwall of the first air inlet 1 under gravity, hush panel 26 is when motor 6 runs, and the first air inlet 1 air intake, it is open mode that hush panel 26 is blown lower at air.This gravity-type air intake switch realizes opening and closing by the power of blower fan like this, controls automatic air intake.

Above-mentioned two flue switch all can, under fan action, rely on gravity to realize opening and closing, and improve the utility model does not need to add electric valve or artificial toggle switch, meets the automation heating of numerical control boiler.This apparatus structure is simple, easy for installation, invests little, can meet the use of numerical control boiler, and without manual control, have broad application prospects.

When the utility model is indoor heating, boiler has two states, and when indoor temperature reaches requirement, then stop heating, boiler is banked up a fire automatically, and when indoor are lower than when requiring temperature, boiler is in the state of getting angry automatically.When the utility model specifically uses, first insert sufficient fuel by charging aperture 4, fuel can be coal briquette or biomass fuel; When banking up a fire, first air inlet 1 of body of heater is closed, in subsidiary combustion chamber 16, oxygen supply reduces, keep temperature in body of heater, at this moment the flue gas of subsidiary combustion chamber 16 combustion is after the water pipe 17 excessively above it, is directly discharged by second row mouth 5, and first row mouth 9 is closed, blower fan 6 does not work, and its flow of flue gas is shown in shown in the dotted line in accompanying drawing 2.When needs improve indoor temperature, detect that the leaving water temperature at the mouth of a river 10 can not reach requirement by temperature sensor, blower fan 6 is sent a signal to by control panel 8, blower fan 6 is worked, while blower fan work, first air inlet 1 is opened, second row mouth is closed, a large amount of oxygen supply in combustion chamber, combustible fumes is advanced into main chamber 13 14 times by fuel chambers, and mix combining combustion with the large quantity of air of the first air inlet 1, the high-temperature flue gas of burning directly enters discharge flue 18, then through data feedback channel 19, after down going channel 20, heat in high-temperature flue gas is fully absorbed, finally turn to and enter in tail flue 27, flow of flue gas direction is as shown in solid line in accompanying drawing 2.In tail flue 27, do not establish fire tube, only have part jacket pipe, fume emission resistance can be reduced like this, reduce the dust in flue gas, improve heat absorption efficiency simultaneously.Meanwhile, when firing mode, the air of the first air inlet 1 enters the top of fuel chambers 14 along air intake branch road 21, mix and burn, effectively eliminate black smoke with combustible fumes, prevents from discharging body of heater outside.

Claims (6)

1. one kind has the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler of three backhaul discharge flues, comprise body of heater, blower fan (6) and control panel (8), it is characterized in that described furnace interior is divided into four chambers by water jacket partition, be respectively fuel chambers (14), main chamber (13), subsidiary combustion chamber (16) and discharge flue (18), described fuel chambers (14) and subsidiary combustion chamber (16) are arranged side by side, both belows are water pipe furnace grate (28), the below of water pipe furnace grate (28) is main chamber (13), discharge flue (18) comprises data feedback channel (19), down going channel (20) and tail flue (27), three is arranged side by side, described data feedback channel (19) is communicated with the upper end of down going channel (20), down going channel (20) is communicated with the lower end of tail flue (27), data feedback channel (19), down going channel (20) and tail flue (27) form the discharge flue (18) of three backhauls, close between the upper end of described data feedback channel (19) and subsidiary combustion chamber (16), the lower end of data feedback channel (19) is communicated with main chamber (13).
2. the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the top of described subsidiary combustion chamber (16) is provided with second row mouth (5), the top of discharge flue (18) is provided with first row mouth (9), described first row mouth (9) is connected with channel switch (22) through blower fan (6), second row mouth (5) is directly connected with channel switch (22), and the smoke outlet of described channel switch (22) is provided with chimney (7).
3. the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues according to claim 2, it is characterized in that described channel switch (22) comprises housing, rotary turnover panel (24) is provided with in housing, described turnover panel (24) closes first row mouth (9) or second row mouth (5), ensure that first row mouth (9) or second row mouth (5) are communicated with chimney (7), counterweight (23) is provided with in the side of turnover panel (24), the weight of counterweight (23) is greater than the weight of turnover panel (24), and the center of gravity of counterweight (23) and turnover panel (24) is in turnover panel (24) side.
4. the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described main chamber (13) is communicated with first air inlet (1) of body of heater, described the first air inlet (1) place is provided with gravity-type air intake switch, described gravity-type air intake switch is that the inner upper wall of air intake passage is provided with rotatable hush panel (26), described hush panel (26) is obliquely installed, and tightly fit with the inwall of the first air inlet (1), hush panel (26) is open mode when motor (6) runs.
5. the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the middle part of described subsidiary combustion chamber (16) is provided with burner (15), the sidewall of described burner (15) is provided with fresh air inlet, this fresh air inlet is communicated with the secondary air inlet (3) being located at sidewall of the furnace body, be evenly equipped with directly over burner (15) two-layer more than cross water pipe (17).
6. according to the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler with three backhaul discharge flues in claim 1-5 described in any one, it is characterized in that the circuit controller that described control panel (8) is digital display, this controller (8) by gathering the signal of furnace body outer wall upper water-out mouth (10) place temperature sensor, and sends signal to control blower fan (6) start-stop.
CN201520104883.0U 2015-02-13 2015-02-13 There is the counter-burning type numerical control heating boiler of three backhaul discharge flues CN204460295U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105135484A (en) * 2015-09-12 2015-12-09 新疆吾孜坦国际商贸有限公司 Double-layer automatic stove capable of being used for cooking and supplying heat
CN106016248A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-12 塔城市昊祥三友科技开发有限责任公司 Coal-fired boiler
EP3208542A1 (en) * 2016-02-22 2017-08-23 Finoptim Domestic heating device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105135484A (en) * 2015-09-12 2015-12-09 新疆吾孜坦国际商贸有限公司 Double-layer automatic stove capable of being used for cooking and supplying heat
EP3208542A1 (en) * 2016-02-22 2017-08-23 Finoptim Domestic heating device
FR3048072A1 (en) * 2016-02-22 2017-08-25 Finoptim Domestic heating apparatus
CN106016248A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-10-12 塔城市昊祥三友科技开发有限责任公司 Coal-fired boiler
CN106016248B (en) * 2016-07-11 2018-11-27 塔城市昊祥三友科技开发有限责任公司 Coal-burning boiler

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