CN204434117U - A kind of balance crane assembling device - Google Patents

A kind of balance crane assembling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204434117U
CN204434117U CN201420802959.2U CN201420802959U CN204434117U CN 204434117 U CN204434117 U CN 204434117U CN 201420802959 U CN201420802959 U CN 201420802959U CN 204434117 U CN204434117 U CN 204434117U
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rod
guide wheel
equilibrium arm
chute
actuating unit
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CN201420802959.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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王金聚
王笑瑜
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王金聚
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Abstract

A kind of balance crane assembling device, comprise rotary column, equilibrium arm, equilibrium arm bearing and actuating unit, equilibrium arm bearing is located at rotary column top, actuating unit is located on equilibrium arm bearing, equilibrium arm bearing is arranged respectively horizontal concrete chute and vertical chute, and be provided with the horizontal guide wheel and vertical guide wheel that transversely chute and vertical chute roll, equilibrium arm is connecting rod I, connecting rod II, the four-bar linkage that connecting rod III and connecting rod IV are hinged to successively, connecting rod I is equal with connecting rod III length and be arranged in parallel up and down, connecting rod II and connecting rod IV are all vertically arranged, connecting rod I is fixedly connected with the guide wheel shaft I of horizontal guide wheel, connecting rod II upper end is fixedly connected with the guide wheel shaft II of vertical guide wheel, connecting rod IV lower end arranges fixed mechanism and control button.The utility model, under the equilibrium arm of four-bar linkage and the cooperation of rotary column, to realize miniature workpiece vertically, the horizontally rotating of level lifting and 360 degree, and actv. alleviates the labour intensity of operating personal, improves efficiency.

Description

A kind of balance crane assembling device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of hanging device field, especially for the balance crane assembling device of miniature workpiece.
Background technology
In factory floor, the lathe up and down of such as workpiece to be processed, the replacing of cutterhead, chuck, the dismounting transfer of parts in machine maintenance, and the handling of goods etc., the movement of the miniature workpiece of this class about 50 ~ 100kg, substantially be all rely on manually to complete, manual labor burdensome, and efficiency is lower, there is potential safety hazard simultaneously.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, hoist ceiling crane in most cases all can be used to lift, but the use of hoist ceiling crane is subject to the restriction in place and space, lifting mode is single simultaneously, and field of application is extremely limited.Therefore, need to provide a kind of hanging apparatus, there is multiple lifting mode, flexibly stable, can use in less space, there is range of use widely.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of balance crane assembling device, by equilibrium arm and the rotary column of four-bar linkage, realize vertical, the level lifting of weight and 360 degree horizontally rotate, and due to delicate structure, activity freely, range of use widely can be had in little space.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of balance crane assembling device, comprise rotary column, equilibrium arm, equilibrium arm bearing and actuating unit, wherein the bottom of rotary column is fixing on the operational platform, top is connected with bottom by rolling bearing, described equilibrium arm bearing settlement is on the top of rotary column, actuating unit is arranged on equilibrium arm bearing, equilibrium arm bearing is arranged respectively horizontal concrete chute and vertical chute, and be respectively equipped with the horizontal guide wheel and vertical guide wheel that transversely chute and vertical chute roll, described equilibrium arm is connecting rod I, connecting rod II, the four-bar linkage of connecting rod III and the hinged composition of connecting rod IV, wherein, connecting rod I is equal with connecting rod III length and be arranged in parallel up and down, connecting rod II and connecting rod IV are all vertically arranged, and the middle part of one end of connecting rod I and connecting rod II is hinged, the upper end thereof of the other end and connecting rod IV, one end of connecting rod III and the lower end of connecting rod II hinged, the other end and connecting rod IV hinged, connecting rod I is fixedly connected with the guide wheel shaft I of horizontal guide wheel, horizontal guide wheel transversely chute horizontal motion is relied on to make connecting rod I, the upper end of connecting rod II is fixedly connected with the guide wheel shaft II of vertical guide wheel, vertical guide wheel vertically chute up-and-down movement is relied on to make connecting rod II, the lower end of connecting rod IV arranges the fixed mechanism of lifting weight and controls the control button of described actuating unit keying,
Hinged with a drive link lower end vertically arranged on the guide wheel shaft II of described vertical guide wheel, drive link is connected with described actuating unit, and drive drive link to move straight down by actuating unit, promoting connecting rod II relies on vertical guide wheel to move downward in vertical chute, and then make connecting rod I drive equilibrium arm with horizontal guide wheel for rotating in the center of circle, the weight of connecting rod IV lower end is sling.
Further, on the upper extreme point of described connecting rod II, connecting rod I with the fixed mechanism place of the fixed connection point of guide wheel shaft and connecting rod IV lower end on the same line.
Further, described actuating unit is the change speed gear box of electrical motor and direct motor drive, and described drive link is leading screw, and during worm gear wheel in change speed gear box, its endoporus nut drives the upper and lower vertical motion of leading screw coordinated with it.
Further, described actuating unit is hydraulic efficiency pressure system, and described drive link is the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder in hydraulic efficiency pressure system, by the vertical up-and-down movement of HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM piston rod, and then connecting rod II up-and-down movement that promotion is connected with piston rod, complete the lifting of equilibrium arm to weight.
Further, described vertical chute side arranges upper and lower two travel switches, to control the closedown of actuating unit, and then controls the end position of vertical guide wheel up-and-down movement, ensures the safety of equipment and personnel.
Further, the fixed mechanism of described connecting rod IV lower end is set to hook, fixture, electromagnetic absorption device and vacuum absorption device.
Further, described pillar stiffener is arranged on fixed platform or moveable platform.
Before use, connecting rod I in equilibrium arm is all horizontal with connecting rod III, then the workpiece of required lifting is fixed on the fixed mechanism of connecting rod IV lower end, and start actuating unit, drive drive link promote downwards connecting rod II rely on vertical guide wheel vertically chute move, and make equilibrium arm with horizontal guide wheel for rotating in the center of circle, and then by connecting rod IV, workpiece is sling; When actuating unit reverse operation, the workpiece sling is put down; Workpiece hangs over after on fixed mechanism, and with the axle center of rotary column for the center of circle, exert oneself towards radial direction in artificial connecting rod IV lower end that holds, under the slip of horizontal guide wheel, workpiece moves in the horizontal direction; If exerted oneself towards tangential direction, workpiece then moves in a circle around rotary column under the rotation on rotary column top.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following beneficial effect:
The first, the utility model is by four-bar linkage with under the cooperation of orthogonal two guide wheels, and realize the lifting to miniature workpiece all directions in space, actv. alleviates the labour intensity of operating personal, improves efficiency, adds safety;
Second, in the utility model, equilibrium arm is when any position, on the upper extreme point of connecting rod II, connecting rod I with the fixed mechanism place of the fixed connection point of guide wheel shaft I and connecting rod IV lower end on the same line, no matter take such design to be all be in equilibrium of forces state to make this hanging device work or not work;
3rd, in the utility model, rotary column can be arranged on several work platform, and the fixed mechanism lifting workpiece also can according to actual conditions in different ways, and make operation more flexible, range of use is more extensive;
4th, the utility model arranges travel switch in the side of vertical chute, can set as required, when vertical guide wheel moves to end position, can trigger travel switch, and close actuating unit, guarantee use safety, degree of automation is higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is lateral plan of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the lateral plan of equilibrium arm in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is using state figure of the present utility model.
Mark in figure: 1, rotary column, 101, rolling bearing, 2, equilibrium arm, 201, connecting rod I, 202, connecting rod II, 203, connecting rod III, 204, connecting rod IV, 205, fixed mechanism, 206, control button, 3, equilibrium arm bearing, 301, horizontal concrete chute, 302, vertical chute, 303, horizontal guide wheel, 304, vertical guide wheel, 4, actuating unit, 401, electrical motor, 402, change speed gear box, 5, drive link, 6, travel switch.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, by detailed description of the invention, the utility model is further described.
Embodiment 1: as shown in the figure, a kind of balance crane assembling device, comprises the actuating unit 4 that rotary column 1, equilibrium arm 2, equilibrium arm bearing 3 and driven equilibrium arm 2 rotate.
Described rotary column 1 comprises upper and lower, and bottom is fixedly installed on the table by supporting seat bolt, and top is located at the upper end of bottom by rolling bearing 101, and can horizontally rotate within the scope of 360 degree under external force.
Described equilibrium arm bearing 3 is arranged on the top of rotary column 1, equilibrium arm bearing 3 is by the body structure of Plate Welding, also iron casting can be used, its upper end arranges actuating unit 4, both sides, front and back are symmetrical arranged horizontal concrete chute 301 and vertical chute 302 respectively, and horizontal guide wheel 303 and vertical guide wheel 304 are set respectively in horizontal concrete chute 301 with vertical chute 302, and horizontal guide wheel 303 and the slide of vertical guide wheel 304 along respective place under external force, the lower end of equilibrium arm bearing 3 is fixed by bolts between the two clamping plates at rotary column 1 top.
Described equilibrium arm 2 is four-bar linkage, comprise cw connecting rod hinged successively I 201, connecting rod II 202, connecting rod III 203 and connecting rod IV 204, wherein connecting rod I 201 and connecting rod III 203 are for be arranged in parallel up and down, and the two length is equal, connecting rod II 202 with connecting rod IV 204 for left and right parallel vertical is arranged, and the two ends of connecting rod I 201 are articulated with the stage casing of connecting rod II 202 and the upper end of connecting rod IV 204 respectively, the two ends of connecting rod II 202 are articulated with the lower end of connecting rod II 202 and the stage casing of connecting rod IV 204 respectively simultaneously, and described connecting rod I 201 is fixedly connected on the guide wheel shaft I of above-mentioned horizontal guide wheel 303, its fixed connection point is near connecting rod II 202, the upper extreme point of described connecting rod II 202 is fixedly connected with the guide wheel shaft II of described vertical guide wheel 304, and the lower end of guide wheel shaft II and a drive link 5 vertically arranged is hinged, the lower end of described connecting rod IV 204 arranges the fixed mechanism 205 of suspension hook as lifting weight, and the control button 206 controlling actuating unit 4 switch is set in the lower end of connecting rod IV 204.
Described actuating unit 4 is set to electrical motor 401 and change speed gear box 402, described drive link 5 is leading screw, and the worm screw in change speed gear box 402 drives worm gear wheel, the endoporus nut of worm gear drives leading screw to pump, thus promote the vertical guide wheel 304 of connecting rod II 202 support along vertical chute 302 up-and-down movement, and then make connecting rod I 201 drive equilibrium arm 2 around guide wheel shaft I rotation, the weight of connecting rod IV 204 lower end is sling or put down.
Two travel switches 6 setting up and down in the side of described vertical chute 302, and be connected with the electrical motor 401 in actuating unit 4, after vertical guide wheel 304 moves down triggering travel switch 6, travel switch 6 controls electrical motor 401 and cuts out, stop lifting, to guarantee equipment and personal safety.
The length of each connecting rod in described equilibrium arm 2, the position of affixed guide wheel shaft I on connecting rod I, the relation between horizontal concrete chute 301 and vertical chute 302 length determines the action radius of equilibrium arm 2, and namely weight is by the scope lifted.Larger action radius is obtained in order to make equilibrium arm 2, relation between said mechanism is: when equilibrium arm 2 is in initial position, i.e. connecting rod I 201, connecting rod III 203 is in horizontality connecting rod II 202 simultaneously, when connecting rod IV 204 is in vertical state, horizontal guide wheel 303 is at the point midway of horizontal concrete chute 301, vertical guide wheel 304 is at the point midway of vertical chute 302, and now connecting rod II 202 upper end, connecting rod I 201 is located on the same line with the fixed connection point of guide wheel shaft I and connecting rod IV 204 lower end, now equilibrium arm 2 has maximum action radius.
When using this balance crane assembling device to lift weight, by control button 206 actuating motor 401 and change speed gear box 402, change speed gear box 402 controls the guide wheel shaft II that leading screw promotes and leading screw is hinged and drives vertical guide wheel 304 to move downward, and drive link II 202 with vertical guide wheel 304 vertically chute 302 move down, and drive the connecting rod I 201 hinged respectively with connecting rod II 202 and connecting rod III 203, with the fixed connection point on connecting rod I 201 and between guide wheel shaft I for rotating in the center of circle, and then the weight of connecting rod IV 204 lower end is sling.
When weight moves in the horizontal direction by needs, with the axle center of rotary column 1 for the center of circle, by manually radially applying application force on weight, horizontal guide wheel 303 can be promoted roll in horizontal concrete chute 301, and then make weight with the horizontal rolling slowly movement in the horizontal direction of horizontal guide wheel 303.
When needing weight to be rotated in the horizontal direction certain angle, with the axle center of rotary column 1 for the center of circle, by manually tangentially applying application force on weight, the top of rotary column 1 can be forced to be rotated in the horizontal plane by rolling bearing 101, and then weight is slowly rotated around the axis of rotary column 1.
Above-mentioned parallel motion and the lifting mode horizontally rotated are all that weight carries out at sustained height, therefore only the friction force between guide wheel and chute and the friction force between rotary column 1 and rolling bearing 101 need be overcome, so do not need very large external force, operate very light.
To act on respectively or under compound action, the weight lifted can be moved to any position in certain three dimensional space, and actv. alleviates labour intensity, improves efficiency at actuating unit and less manpower like this, add the safety of operation.
Embodiment 2: on the basis described in embodiment 1, described actuating unit 4 can adopt hydraulic power system, and be arranged on the top of equilibrium arm bearing 3, wherein the piston rod of hydraulic actuating cylinder is above-mentioned drive link 5, lower end and the guide wheel shaft II of piston rod are hinged, promoted vertical guide wheel 304 drivening rod II 202 moved up and down in vertical chute 302 by stretching out of piston rod with indentation.
Embodiment 3: on the basis described in embodiment 1, wherein said rotary column 1 can be arranged on fixing bench board, also can be arranged on the bench board of movement, and can upright setting also can to stand upside down setting.
Embodiment 4: on the basis described in embodiment 1, the fixed mechanism 205 of wherein said connecting rod IV 204 lower end can be set to calutron, fix weight by magnetic-adsorption, or be set to vacuum absorption device, or manipulator etc. other can fix the form of weight.

Claims (8)

1. a balance crane assembling device, it is characterized in that: comprise rotary column (1), equilibrium arm (2), equilibrium arm bearing (3) and actuating unit (4), wherein the bottom of rotary column (1) is fixing on the operational platform, top is connected with bottom by rolling bearing (101), described equilibrium arm bearing (3) is arranged on the top of rotary column (1), actuating unit (4) is arranged on equilibrium arm bearing (3), equilibrium arm bearing (3) is arranged respectively horizontal concrete chute (301) and vertical chute (302), and be respectively equipped with the horizontal guide wheel (303) and vertical guide wheel (304) that transversely chute (301) and vertical chute (302) roll, described equilibrium arm (2) is connecting rod I (201), connecting rod II (202), the four-bar linkage of connecting rod III (203) and the hinged composition of connecting rod IV (204), wherein, connecting rod I (201) is equal with connecting rod III (203) length and be arranged in parallel up and down, connecting rod II (202) and connecting rod IV (204) are all vertically arranged, and the middle part of connecting rod I (201) one end and connecting rod II (202) is hinged, the upper end thereof of the other end and connecting rod IV (204), the lower end of connecting rod III (203) one end and connecting rod II (202) is hinged, the other end and connecting rod IV (204) hinged, connecting rod I (201) is fixedly connected with the guide wheel shaft I of horizontal guide wheel (303), horizontal guide wheel (303) transversely chute (301) horizontal motion is relied on to make connecting rod I (201), the upper end of connecting rod II (202) is fixedly connected with the guide wheel shaft II of vertical guide wheel (304), vertical guide wheel (304) vertically chute (302) vertically up-and-down movement is relied on to make connecting rod II (202), the lower end of connecting rod IV (204) arranges the fixed mechanism (205) of lifting weight and controls the control button (206) that described actuating unit (4) opens and closes,
Hinged with drive link (5) lower end vertically arranged on the guide wheel shaft II of described vertical guide wheel (304), drive link (5) is connected with described actuating unit (4), and drive drive link (5) to move straight down by actuating unit (4), promote connecting rod II (202) rely on vertical guide wheel (304) vertically chute (302) move downward, and then make connecting rod I (201) drive equilibrium arm (2) to rotate for the center of circle with horizontal guide wheel (303), the weight of connecting rod IV (204) lower end is sling.
2. a kind of balance crane assembling device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the fixed connection point of the upper and guide wheel shaft I of the upper extreme point of described connecting rod II (202), connecting rod I (201) and fixed mechanism (205) place of connecting rod IV (204) lower end are on the same line.
3. a kind of balance crane assembling device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the change speed gear box (402) that described actuating unit (4) drives for electrical motor (401) and electrical motor (401), described drive link (5) is leading screw, during worm gear wheel in change speed gear box (402), its endoporus nut drives the upper and lower vertical motion of leading screw coordinated with it.
4. a kind of balance crane assembling device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described actuating unit (4) is hydraulic efficiency pressure system, the piston rod that described drive link (5) is hydraulic actuating cylinder in hydraulic efficiency pressure system.
5. a kind of balance crane assembling device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described vertical chute (302) side arranges upper and lower two travel switches (6), to control the closedown of actuating unit (4).
6. a kind of balance crane assembling device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the fixed mechanism (205) of described connecting rod IV (204) lower end is set to hook, fixture, electromagnetic absorption device or vacuum absorption device.
7. a kind of balance crane assembling device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotary column (1) is arranged on the stationary platform.
8. a kind of balance crane assembling device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described rotary column (1) is arranged on moveable platform.
CN201420802959.2U 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of balance crane assembling device Active CN204434117U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420802959.2U CN204434117U (en) 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of balance crane assembling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420802959.2U CN204434117U (en) 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of balance crane assembling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204434117U true CN204434117U (en) 2015-07-01

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104495636A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-08 王金聚 Balanced hoisting device
CN108466914A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-08-31 张磊 A kind of automated machine climbing type steel transport device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104495636A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-08 王金聚 Balanced hoisting device
CN104495636B (en) * 2014-12-18 2016-08-17 王金聚 A kind of balance crane assembling device
CN108466914A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-08-31 张磊 A kind of automated machine climbing type steel transport device
CN108466914B (en) * 2018-03-16 2019-07-19 刘红军 A kind of automated machine climbing type steel transport device

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