CN204424276U - Photovoltaic tile - Google Patents

Photovoltaic tile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204424276U
CN204424276U CN201520040517.3U CN201520040517U CN204424276U CN 204424276 U CN204424276 U CN 204424276U CN 201520040517 U CN201520040517 U CN 201520040517U CN 204424276 U CN204424276 U CN 204424276U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
photovoltaic tile
outside
energy storage
phase change
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201520040517.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘燕
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
In building materials jetion science and Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China National Building Materials Group Corp Jetion Solar (china) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520040517.3U priority Critical patent/CN204424276U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of photovoltaic tile, ecto-entad comprises outside encapsulated layer, cell piece, inner side encapsulated layer, phase change energy storage paint layer successively.Known by foregoing description, by arranging phase change energy storage paint layer, phase change energy storage paint layer carries out insulation, the store heat when temperature is higher, the use of phase change energy storage paint layer can effectively avoid photovoltaic tile during normal use, occurs that local temperature is too high and causes the decrease of power generation phenomenon of photovoltaic tile, and can when temperature is lower release heat, therefore, the photovoltaic tile that the application provides can reduce indoor temperature change generated in case.

Description

Photovoltaic tile
Technical field
The utility model relates to photovoltaic generation and architecture-integral technical field, particularly a kind of photovoltaic tile.
Background technology
Photovoltaic tile is as the embedded supporting construction of photovoltaic module, and make solar panel and construction material realize integrated design, it is installed on roof.Traditional photovoltaic tile ecto-entad comprises outside encapsulated layer, cell piece and inner side encapsulated layer successively.
Because photovoltaic tile is installed on roof, photovoltaic tile operationally absorbs solar energy, and photovoltaic tile operationally distributes and the heat part that absorbs is passed to indoor by roof building, especially during the broiling summer, indoor temperature is caused to raise, and in the winter of sweltering heat, indoor temperature is easily shed by photovoltaic tile, make indoor temperature lower.
Therefore, how reducing the change of indoor temperature, is those skilled in the art's technical problems urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of photovoltaic tile, to reduce the situation that indoor and outdoor heat transmits.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of photovoltaic tile, and ecto-entad comprises outside encapsulated layer, cell piece, inner side encapsulated layer successively, also comprises the phase change energy storage paint layer being arranged on described inner side encapsulated layer outer surface.
Preferably, described outside encapsulated layer comprise outside glassy layer and with described outside glassy layer inside the outside adhesive layer of fitting.
Preferably, described outside glassy layer is self-cleaning glass layer.
Preferably, described outside adhesive layer is high printing opacity EVA adhesive linkage.
Preferably, described inner side encapsulated layer comprises inner glass layer and inner adhesive layer, and described inner glass layer is between described inner adhesive layer and described phase change energy storage paint layer.
Preferably, described inner glass layer is toughened glass layer.
Preferably, described inner adhesive layer is high reverse--bias EVA adhesive linkage.
Preferably, the frame of described photovoltaic tile is glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes frame.
Preferably, the connector be arranged on outside described fiberglass frame is also comprised.
Preferably, described connector is glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes connector.
In technique scheme, the photovoltaic tile that the utility model provides, ecto-entad comprises outside encapsulated layer, cell piece, inner side encapsulated layer, phase change energy storage paint layer successively.Known by foregoing description, by arranging phase change energy storage paint layer, phase change energy storage paint layer carries out insulation, the store heat when temperature is higher, the use of phase change energy storage paint layer can effectively avoid photovoltaic tile during normal use, occurs that local temperature is too high and causes the decrease of power generation phenomenon of photovoltaic tile, and can when temperature is lower release heat, therefore, the photovoltaic tile that the application provides can reduce indoor temperature change generated in case.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The explosive view of the photovoltaic tile that Fig. 1 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The structural representation of the photovoltaic tile that Fig. 2 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The vertical view of the photovoltaic tile that Fig. 3 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The connector broken away view of the photovoltaic tile that Fig. 4 provides for the utility model embodiment;
The installation site figure of the connector that Fig. 5 provides for the utility model embodiment;
Multiple photovoltaic tile johning knot compositions that Fig. 6 provides for the utility model embodiment.
Wherein in Fig. 1-6: glassy layer, 2-outside adhesive layer, 3-cell piece, 4-inner adhesive layer, 5-inner glass layer, 6-phase change energy storage paint layer, 7-frame, 8-connector outside 1-.
Embodiment
Core of the present utility model is to provide a kind of photovoltaic tile, to reduce the situation that indoor and outdoor heat transmits.
In order to make those skilled in the art understand the technical solution of the utility model better, below in conjunction with drawings and embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
Please refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, in a kind of embodiment, the photovoltaic tile ecto-entad that the utility model provides comprises outside encapsulated layer, cell piece 3, inner side encapsulated layer, phase change energy storage paint layer 6 successively, and phase change energy storage paint layer 6 is arranged on the outer surface of inner side encapsulated layer.Concrete, preferably, phase change energy storage paint layer 6 transformation temperature is at about 25 DEG C, and unnecessary heat energy when temperature is higher than 25 DEG C, can absorbs, at night, when temperature is lower, discharge this portion of energy by phase change energy storage paint layer 6.Make photovoltaic tile while normal power generation, have the function of insulation concurrently.Phase change energy storage paint layer 6 is formed by phase-changing energy storage material brushing, and phase change energy storage paint layer 6 can select the mode of brushing or spraying, and before photovoltaic tile is installed, also can carry out after photovoltaic tile is installed.The material of outside encapsulated layer and inner side encapsulated layer is POE (Polyolefin elastomer, polyolefin elastomer).
Known by foregoing description, in the photovoltaic tile that the application's specific embodiment provides, by arranging phase change energy storage paint layer 6, phase change energy storage paint layer 6 carries out insulation, the store heat when temperature is higher, the use of phase change energy storage paint layer 6 can effectively avoid photovoltaic tile during normal use, occur that local temperature is too high and cause the decrease of power generation phenomenon of photovoltaic tile, improve the generated output of photovoltaic tile, and can when temperature is lower release heat, therefore, the photovoltaic tile that the application provides can reduce indoor temperature change generated in case.
In order to avoid introduced contaminants damage cell piece 3, preferably, outside encapsulated layer comprise outside glassy layer 1 and with outside glassy layer 1 inside the outside adhesive layer 2 of fitting.Wherein, outside glassy layer 1 can be ordinary steel glass.
In order to reduce the cleaning to photovoltaic tile, and improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic tile further, preferably, outside glassy layer 1 is self-cleaning glass layer simultaneously.By outside glassy layer 1 is set to self-cleaning glass layer, can effectively dedusting, improve the cleannes of photovoltaic tile, be convenient to sunlight through outside glassy layer 1.
Further, inside this, encapsulated layer comprises inner glass layer 5 and inner adhesive layer 4, and inner glass layer 5 is between inner adhesive layer 4 and phase change energy storage paint layer 6, and inner glass layer 5 can be traditional glass.By arranging inner glass layer 5, improve the bulk strength of photovoltaic tile, effectively extending the useful life of photovoltaic tile.
Preferably, inner glass layer 5 is toughened glass layer.Because inner glass layer 5 is toughened glass layer, increase the bearing strength of photovoltaic tile, and extend the useful life of photovoltaic tile.
In order to increase the opto-electronic conversion of cell piece to low band ultraviolet light, preferably, outside adhesive layer 2 is high EVA encapsulated layer thoroughly, more preferred, outside adhesive layer 2 is high ultraviolet-transmitting without cut-off EVA encapsulated layer, preferably, high ultraviolet-transmitting is under AM1.5 condition in spectrum 280nm-380nm wave-length coverage without cut-off EVA encapsulated layer, the encapsulated layer that the transmitance of light is greater than 80% certainly, is 70% also can to use in the transmitance of outside adhesive layer 2 light.By outside adhesive layer 2 being set to high EVA encapsulated layer thoroughly, being convenient to ultraviolet and passing through, and then further improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic tile.
Preferably, inner adhesive layer 4 is high reverse--bias EVA encapsulated layer, and more preferably, inner adhesive layer 4 is high reverse--bias white EVA encapsulated layer, and under AM1.5 condition, high reverse--bias white EVA encapsulated layer is more than or equal to 90% to light reflectance ".Because inner adhesive layer 4 is high reverse--bias EVA encapsulated layer, be convenient to inner adhesive layer 4 in time by light reflection, the double absorption increasing cell piece 3 pairs of reflection rays utilizes, and increases the generated output of photovoltaic tile further.
In order to extend the useful life of photovoltaic tile further, preferably, the frame 7 of photovoltaic tile is glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes frame 7.Because frame 7 is glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes frame, photovoltaic tile is installed light, and strengthen the bonding strength of photovoltaic tile entirety, and avoid the easy thunderstruck situation of frame 7.
For the ease of installing photovoltaic tile, preferably, this photovoltaic tile also comprises the connector 8 be arranged on outside fiberglass frame, and connector 8 is specifically as follows metal material connector, concrete, and preferably, connector 8 is provided with installing hole.In order to avoid photovoltaic tile to be struck by lightning further, strengthen the integral roofing intensity of photovoltaic tile, preferably, connector 8 is glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes connector simultaneously.
In this specification, each embodiment adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is the difference with other embodiments, between each embodiment identical similar portion mutually see.
To the above-mentioned explanation of the disclosed embodiments, professional and technical personnel in the field are realized or uses the utility model.To be apparent for those skilled in the art to the multiple amendment of these embodiments, General Principle as defined herein when not departing from spirit or scope of the present utility model, can realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the utility model can not be restricted to these embodiments shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty.

Claims (10)

1. a photovoltaic tile, ecto-entad comprises outside encapsulated layer, cell piece (3), inner side encapsulated layer successively, it is characterized in that, also comprises the phase change energy storage paint layer (6) being arranged on described inner side encapsulated layer outer surface.
2. photovoltaic tile according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the outside adhesive layer (2) that described outside encapsulated layer comprises outside glassy layer (1) and fits with inner side, described outside glassy layer (1).
3. photovoltaic tile according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described outside glassy layer (1) is self-cleaning glass layer.
4. photovoltaic tile according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described outside adhesive layer (2) is high printing opacity EVA adhesive linkage.
5. photovoltaic tile according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described inner side encapsulated layer comprises inner glass layer (5) and inner adhesive layer (4), and described inner glass layer (5) is positioned between described inner adhesive layer (4) and described phase change energy storage paint layer (6).
6. photovoltaic tile according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described inner glass layer (5) is toughened glass layer.
7. photovoltaic tile according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described inner adhesive layer (4) is high reverse--bias EVA adhesive linkage.
8. the photovoltaic tile according to any one of claim 1-7, is characterized in that, the frame (7) of described photovoltaic tile is glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes frame.
9. photovoltaic tile according to claim 8, is characterized in that, also comprises the connector (8) be arranged on outside described fiberglass frame.
10. photovoltaic tile according to claim 9, is characterized in that, described connector (8) is glass fiber reinforced plastic shapes connector.
CN201520040517.3U 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Photovoltaic tile Active CN204424276U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520040517.3U CN204424276U (en) 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Photovoltaic tile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520040517.3U CN204424276U (en) 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Photovoltaic tile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204424276U true CN204424276U (en) 2015-06-24

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Family Applications (1)

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CN (1) CN204424276U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105895719A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-24 广东大粤新能源科技股份有限公司 Solar photovoltaic module
CN106330067A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-01-11 刘锋 Solar metal tile
CN106711256A (en) * 2015-07-27 2017-05-24 东莞南玻光伏科技有限公司 Double-glass solar photovoltaic module and preparation method thereof
CN107154775A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-09-12 四川浩能新能源有限公司 It is a kind of to improve the photovoltaic tile that light is utilized

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106711256A (en) * 2015-07-27 2017-05-24 东莞南玻光伏科技有限公司 Double-glass solar photovoltaic module and preparation method thereof
CN105895719A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-08-24 广东大粤新能源科技股份有限公司 Solar photovoltaic module
CN106330067A (en) * 2016-11-21 2017-01-11 刘锋 Solar metal tile
CN107154775A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-09-12 四川浩能新能源有限公司 It is a kind of to improve the photovoltaic tile that light is utilized

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 214443 No. 1011 Chengcheng Road, Shengang Town, Jiangyin City, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: In building materials jetion science and Technology Co Ltd

Address before: 214400 No. 1101 Chengcheng Road, Shengang Town, Jiangyin City, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: China National Building Materials Group Corporation Jetion Solar (China) Co., Ltd.

CP03 Change of name, title or address