CN204423213U - A kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things - Google Patents

A kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204423213U
CN204423213U CN201520151257.7U CN201520151257U CN204423213U CN 204423213 U CN204423213 U CN 204423213U CN 201520151257 U CN201520151257 U CN 201520151257U CN 204423213 U CN204423213 U CN 204423213U
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China
Prior art keywords
microcontroller
internet
things
resistance
circuit
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520151257.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔德川
王建平
牛立元
苏林猛
炕留一
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Henan Institute of Science and Technology
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Henan Institute of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to agricultural automation technical field, especially a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things.It comprises microcontroller, light compensating lamp, small pump, relay assembly, light sensor circuit, soil humidity sensor and Internet of Things host computer; Soil humidity sensor is connected to microcontroller by voltage follow and filtering circuit and A/D change-over circuit, light sensor circuit is connected to microcontroller, the adhesive of microprocessor controls relay assembly, the signal data of input is uploaded to Internet of Things host computer by microprocessor simultaneously, and relay assembly controls light compensating lamp and small pump action respectively.The utility model utilize soil humidity sensor measure in real time matrix water cut, utilize light sensor circuit to carry out the power of induced environment illumination, and signal exports microcontroller to the most at last, to be judged according to the height of incoming level by microcontroller and control corresponding relay assembly adhesive or closedown, and then final unlatching or the closedown controlling light compensating lamp and small pump.

Description

A kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural automation technical field, especially a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things.
Background technology
Along with the minimizing that growth and the available floor of urban population amass, the abundant exploitation in Yi Nong space, city receive the most attention of people.Development balcony agricultural becomes current important kitchen garden pattern just gradually, and solid cultivation system becomes the production platform such as vegetables, melon and fruit, ornamental plant important at present.It not only can make full use of resource and space, can also purify air, and allows people enjoy plantation enjoyment.The moisture certain due to the growth needs of the involved plant of agricultural and sunlight, therefore, how according to daily schedule and the changeable balcony environments of owner, realize moisturizing, light filling requirements automation, become the current problem needing to solve.
Utility model content
For the deficiency that above-mentioned prior art exists, the purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of structure is simple, stable and reliable for performance, the agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things of Automated condtrol.
To achieve these goals, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
Based on an agriculture automated management system for Internet of Things, it comprises microcontroller, light compensating lamp, small pump, relay assembly, light sensor circuit, soil humidity sensor and Internet of Things host computer;
Described soil humidity sensor is connected to microcontroller by the voltage follow that connects successively and filtering circuit and A/D change-over circuit, described light sensor circuit is connected to microcontroller, the height of the level that described microcontroller inputs according to A/D change-over circuit and light sensor circuit carrys out the adhesive of pilot relay assembly, the signal data of input is uploaded to Internet of Things host computer by described microprocessor simultaneously, and described relay assembly controls light compensating lamp and small pump action respectively.
Preferably, described microcontroller is STM32F10 type controller.
Preferably, described microcontroller is also connected with the touch-screen for realizing manually setting threshold function, and described touch-screen comprises an ADS784 type controller.
Preferably, described soil humidity sensor is FDS-100 voltage sensor, described voltage follow and filtering circuit comprise operational amplifier, the in-phase end of described operational amplifier be connected to the signal output part of soil humidity sensor, output terminal by RC filter unit connect A/D change-over circuit input end, be connected with the 6th resistance between end of oppisite phase and output terminal.
Preferably, described light sensor circuit comprises the first photodiode, second photodiode, voltage comparator and potentiometer, the first resistance and the second resistance that are arranged in series is connected with between two stiff ends of described potentiometer, between two stiff ends being parallel to potentiometer after described first photodiode series connection the 3rd resistance, the in-phase end of described voltage comparator is connected to the adjustable side of potentiometer, end of oppisite phase is connected between the first resistance and the second resistance, the output terminal of described voltage comparator connects microcontroller, be connected between the output terminal of voltage comparator and the positive pole of the first photodiode after described second photodiode series connection the 4th resistance.
Preferably, described relay assembly comprises two DC relay be connected with small pump with light compensating lamp respectively, and two described direct current condensers are connected with microcontroller respectively by a control module;
Described control module comprises an optocoupler, a triode and a fly-wheel diode, the base stage that the negative pole of the illuminator of described optocoupler is connected to microcontroller, the emitter of light-receiving device is connected to triode by the 5th resistance, the collector series connection fly-wheel diode of described triode, described fly-wheel diode is parallel to the two ends of the coil of DC relay simultaneously.
Owing to have employed such scheme, the utility model utilize soil humidity sensor measure in real time matrix water cut, utilize light sensor circuit to carry out the power of induced environment illumination, and signal exports microcontroller to the most at last, to be judged according to the height of incoming level by microcontroller and control corresponding relay assembly adhesive or closedown, and then final unlatching or the closedown controlling light compensating lamp and small pump; Meanwhile, utilize microcontroller that real-time for the signal collected is uploaded to Internet of Things host computer, by the Function Extension of Internet of Things host computer, the control realizing Internet of Things for whole system provides hardware foundation; Its structure is simple, stable and reliable for performance, has very strong practical value and market popularization value.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the system principle diagram of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the voltage follow of the utility model embodiment and the circuit structure diagram of filtering circuit;
Fig. 3 is the electrical block diagram of the light sensor circuit of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the circuit structure diagram of the relay assembly of the utility model embodiment.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail, but the multitude of different ways that the utility model can be defined by the claims and cover is implemented.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things that the present embodiment provides, it comprises microcontroller 1, light compensating lamp 2, small pump 3, relay assembly 4, light sensor circuit 5, soil humidity sensor 6 and Internet of Things host computer 7, wherein, soil humidity sensor 6 is connected to microcontroller 1 by the voltage follow that connects successively and filtering circuit 8 and A/D change-over circuit 9, light sensor circuit 5 is connected to microcontroller 1, the height of the level that microcontroller 1 inputs according to A/D change-over circuit 9 (the A/D change-over circuit 9 of the present embodiment can adopt the circuit structure that can realize A/D translation function in prior art as the case may be) and light sensor circuit 5 carrys out the adhesive of pilot relay assembly 4, the signal data of input is uploaded to Internet of Things host computer 7 by microprocessor 1 simultaneously, relay assembly 4 controls light compensating lamp 2 and small pump 3 action respectively.So, utilize soil humidity sensor 6 can measure in real time matrix water cut, utilize light sensor circuit 5 to carry out the power of induced environment illumination, and signal exports microcontroller 1 to the most at last, with this, to be judged according to the height of incoming level by microcontroller 1 and control the adhesive of corresponding relay assembly 4 or closedown, and then final unlatching or the closedown controlling light compensating lamp 2 and small pump 3; Meanwhile, utilize microcontroller 1 that real-time for the signal collected (data) is uploaded to Internet of Things host computer 7, by the Function Extension of Internet of Things host computer 7, the control realizing Internet of Things for whole system provides hardware foundation.
For ensureing stability and the reliability of whole system, the microcontroller 1 preferably STM32F10 type controller of the present embodiment.
Further, can manually set as the case may be for whole system can be made, thus the opening and closing time of Non-follow control small pump 3 and light compensating lamp 2, as set humidity threshold to control the opening and closing time etc. of small pump 3, the microcontroller 1 of the present embodiment is also connected with touch-screen 10, and touch-screen 10 preferentially adopts ADS784 type controller to be control core.
Further, the soil humidity sensor 6 of the present embodiment preferentially adopts FDS-100 voltage sensor, and be ensure that whole system is not subject to the interference of ambient noise, voltage follow and the filtering circuit 8 of the present embodiment comprise operational amplifier A 1, the in-phase end of operational amplifier A 1 be connected to the signal output part of soil humidity sensor 6, output terminal by RC filter unit (being made up of resistance R27 and electric capacity C43) connect A/D change-over circuit 9 input end, be connected with the 6th resistance R6 between end of oppisite phase and output terminal.Thus, be directly inputted into microcontroller 1 after the simulated data that soil humidity sensor 6 gathers can be passed through process, voltage follow and filtering circuit 8 then effectively can improve input impedance, increase the antijamming capability of system.
Further, the light sensor circuit 5 of the present embodiment comprises the first photodiode D1, the second photodiode D2, voltage comparator A2 and potentiometer Rp; Wherein, the the first resistance R1 be arranged in series and the second resistance R2 is connected with between two stiff ends of potentiometer Rp, first photodiode D1 connect be parallel to potentiometer Rp after the 3rd resistance R3 two stiff ends between, the in-phase end of voltage comparator A2 is connected to the adjustable side of potentiometer Rp, end of oppisite phase is connected between the first resistance R1 and the second resistance R2, be connected between the output terminal of voltage comparator A2 and the positive pole of the first photodiode D1 after output terminal connection microcontroller 1, second photodiode D2 series connection the 4th resistance R4 of voltage comparator A2.So, utilize and can utilize the resistance of photodiode under light conditions and the difference without resistance under light conditions, realized the switch of relay assembly 4 by microprocessor 1.
Further, the relay assembly 4 of the present embodiment comprises two DC relay K be connected with small pump 3 with light compensating lamp 2 respectively, and two direct current condenser K are connected with microcontroller 1 respectively by a control module; Control module comprises an optocoupler U, a triode Q and a sustained diode, wherein, the base stage that the negative pole of the illuminator of optocoupler U is connected to microcontroller 1, the emitter of light-receiving device is connected to triode Q by the 5th resistance R5, the collector series connection sustained diode of triode Q, sustained diode is parallel to the two ends of the coil of DC relay K simultaneously.So, optocoupler U can play the effect of isolation, the back electromotive force of sustained diode Absorbable rod DC relay K; The sustained diode of the present embodiment can adopt has stronger forward surge withstand resistance and most high backward voltage is the 1N4007 type diode of 1000V.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present utility model is limited; every utilize the utility model instructions and accompanying drawing content to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. based on an agriculture automated management system for Internet of Things, it is characterized in that: it comprises microcontroller, light compensating lamp, small pump, relay assembly, light sensor circuit, soil humidity sensor and Internet of Things host computer;
Described soil humidity sensor is connected to microcontroller by the voltage follow that connects successively and filtering circuit and A/D change-over circuit, described light sensor circuit is connected to microcontroller, the height of the level that described microcontroller inputs according to A/D change-over circuit and light sensor circuit carrys out the adhesive of pilot relay assembly, the signal data of input is uploaded to Internet of Things host computer by described microprocessor simultaneously, and described relay assembly controls light compensating lamp and small pump action respectively.
2. a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described microcontroller is STM32F10 type controller.
3. a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described microcontroller is also connected with the touch-screen for realizing manually setting threshold function, and described touch-screen comprises an ADS784 type controller.
4. a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things according to any one of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: described soil humidity sensor is FDS-100 voltage sensor, described voltage follow and filtering circuit comprise operational amplifier, the in-phase end of described operational amplifier be connected to the signal output part of soil humidity sensor, output terminal by RC filter unit connect A/D change-over circuit input end, be connected with the 6th resistance between end of oppisite phase and output terminal.
5. a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: described light sensor circuit comprises the first photodiode, second photodiode, voltage comparator and potentiometer, the first resistance and the second resistance that are arranged in series is connected with between two stiff ends of described potentiometer, between two stiff ends being parallel to potentiometer after described first photodiode series connection the 3rd resistance, the in-phase end of described voltage comparator is connected to the adjustable side of potentiometer, end of oppisite phase is connected between the first resistance and the second resistance, the output terminal of described voltage comparator connects microcontroller, be connected between the output terminal of voltage comparator and the positive pole of the first photodiode after described second photodiode series connection the 4th resistance.
6. a kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described relay assembly comprises two DC relay be connected with small pump with light compensating lamp respectively, two described direct current condensers are connected with microcontroller respectively by a control module;
Described control module comprises an optocoupler, a triode and a fly-wheel diode, the base stage that the negative pole of the illuminator of described optocoupler is connected to microcontroller, the emitter of light-receiving device is connected to triode by the 5th resistance, the collector series connection fly-wheel diode of described triode, described fly-wheel diode is parallel to the two ends of the coil of DC relay simultaneously.
CN201520151257.7U 2015-03-18 2015-03-18 A kind of agriculture automated management system based on Internet of Things Expired - Fee Related CN204423213U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106527259A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-03-22 常州工学院 Field crop irrigation amount decision making system
CN111857213A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-10-30 安徽皖东农业科技有限公司 Intelligent regulation and control system of hot pepper seedling production environment based on thing networking

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106527259A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-03-22 常州工学院 Field crop irrigation amount decision making system
CN111857213A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-10-30 安徽皖东农业科技有限公司 Intelligent regulation and control system of hot pepper seedling production environment based on thing networking

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20150624

Termination date: 20160318