CN204421077U - A kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory - Google Patents

A kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204421077U
CN204421077U CN201520021239.7U CN201520021239U CN204421077U CN 204421077 U CN204421077 U CN 204421077U CN 201520021239 U CN201520021239 U CN 201520021239U CN 204421077 U CN204421077 U CN 204421077U
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accessory
burner
communicated
gasifying stalk
stove
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CN201520021239.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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程浩德
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程浩德
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Abstract

A totally-enclosed smoke circulating system for gasifying stalk stove and accessory, comprises two-way closed cycle system, the closed cycle system of the flue gas produced when a road is the startup of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, and another road is the closed cycle system of the flue gas that burner burning produces.Carbon dioxide isothermal chamber gas in flue gas is sent in the gasification zone on gasifying stalk stove and accessory or the combustion chamber on burner (stove and accessory) and is made it change into carbon monoxide under the high temperature conditions by the utility model, releases heat again after burning, greatly improve the heat utilization rate of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, define a kind of clean-production system of autologous closed cycle, reach the target of energy-saving and emission-reduction.

Description

A kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of stalk gasifier, is specifically related to the totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of this gasifying stalk stove and accessory, also relates to the water circulation system of this gasifying stalk stove and accessory simultaneously.
Background technology
Gasifying stalk stove and accessory is in the market all the mode by chimney emission, by carbon dioxide isothermal chamber gas and the discharge of poisonous waste such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide in atmospheric environment, pollute atmospheric environment, cause inhabitants live to concentrate and day by day increase with the city of industrial developed regions, rural haze weather, grievous injury the health of the people., again a part of heat energy is lost in vain in smoke evacuation process meanwhile, add the use amount of fuel, improve the cost of production, life.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, forms a kind of clean-production system of autologous closed cycle, solves flue gas, soot emissions and the problem of contaminated environment.
For reaching above-mentioned target, adopt following technical scheme:
A totally-enclosed smoke circulating system for gasifying stalk stove and accessory, comprises gasifying stalk stove and accessory, and the body of heater on this gasifying stalk stove and accessory is provided with water jacket, and this water jacket is communicated with heating installation; The gas outlet of described gasifying stalk stove and accessory is communicated with tar oil treatment device, hermetically passing air cooling equipment successively, be communicated with filter and blower unit after enter the combustion chamber of burner, described totally-enclosed smoke circulating system comprises two-way closed cycle system, the closed cycle system of the flue gas that one tunnel produces when being the startup of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, another road is the closed cycle system of the flue gas that burner burning produces.
The closed cycle system of the flue gas that described burner burning produces is: be provided with combustion chamber above the combustion chamber of this burner, leave cavity above this combustion chamber and between the furnace chamber top of burner, the body of heater of burner is provided with water jacket, the lower end, body of heater both sides of this burner and bottom are provided with flue gas import and export and fuel gas inlet, described exhanst gas outlet sealing is communicated with smoke discharging pipe, this smoke discharging pipe between the tar storage bin and gas heating case of parallel setting and drying materials case through rear and adjustment gas tank inlet seal be communicated with, the exit seal of this adjustment gas tank is communicated with the import of air blast, the exit seal of this air blast is communicated with described air cooling equipment, the outlet of this air cooling equipment lower end is divided into two-way, pipeline of leading up to returns gasifying stalk stove and accessory, and the gas approach of lower end, burner body of heater side of separately leading up to enters in combustion chamber, the closed cycle system of the flue gas produced when described gasifying stalk stove and accessory starts is: the pipeline in the fuel gas inlet front of described burner bottom of furnace body is provided with first, second switch, when the first switch opens, when second switch is closed, now the gas outlet of gasifying stalk stove and accessory seals successively and passes through tar oil treatment device, air cooling equipment, filter, adjustment gas tank is turned back to after blower unit, the outlet of gas tank is regulated to be communicated with the inlet seal of air blast, the outlet of air blast is communicated with the inlet seal of air cooling equipment, the outlet of air cooling equipment is communicated with the gasification zone sealing of gasifying stalk stove and accessory.
Uniform breather line is sealed, by this breather line by through for the top and the bottom of burner furnace chamber in described combustion chamber.
Water jacket on described gasifying stalk stove and accessory body of heater is communicated with heating installation, the outlet two path water circulatory system of this heating installation, one tunnel is the water jacket that the exit seal of heating installation is communicated with on described burner body of heater, and the outlet of this water jacket is communicated with the water jacket sealing on gasifying stalk stove and accessory body of heater; Another road is the water jacket that the exit seal of heating installation is communicated with on described burner body of heater, and this water jacket is communicated with the combustion chamber sealing in burner furnace chamber, and the exit seal of this combustion chamber is communicated with the entrance of heating installation.
Described burner body of heater top is provided with preheating water tank.
Carbon dioxide isothermal chamber gas in flue gas is sent in the gasification zone on gasifying stalk stove and accessory or the combustion chamber on burner (stove and accessory) and is made it change into carbon monoxide under the high temperature conditions by the utility model, releases heat again after burning, greatly improve the heat utilization rate of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, define a kind of clean-production system of autologous closed cycle, reach the target of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Water circulation system of the present utility model increases heating surface area to greatest extent and reduces thermal losses, and smoke discharging residual heat is repeatedly utilized, and the thermal efficiency that water circulation is heated improves greatly.
The utility model is applicable to the technological transformation of any one combustion stove energy-saving and emission-reduction after slightly making accommodation, of the present utility modelly apply, and will be that China administers haze weather, realizes Blue Sky Project and opens up a more wide new way.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is smoke circulating system structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is water circulation system structural representation of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1, with reference to Fig. 1, a kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, comprises gasifying stalk stove and accessory 14, and the body of heater on this gasifying stalk stove and accessory 14 is provided with water jacket 1, and this water jacket 1 is communicated with heating installation 3; The gas outlet of described gasifying stalk stove and accessory 14 is communicated with tar oil treatment device 17, hermetically passing air cooling equipment 18 successively, be communicated with filter 19 and blower unit 20 after enter the combustion chamber 6 of burner, described totally-enclosed smoke circulating system comprises two-way closed cycle system, the closed cycle system of the flue gas that one tunnel produces when being the startup of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, another road is the closed cycle system of the flue gas that burner burning produces; The closed cycle system of the flue gas that burner burning produces is: be provided with combustion chamber 5 above the combustion chamber 6 of this burner, leave cavity above this combustion chamber 5 and between the furnace chamber top of burner, the body of heater of burner is provided with water jacket 4; The lower end, body of heater both sides of this burner and bottom are provided with flue gas import and export 22,23 and fuel gas inlet 24; Described exhanst gas outlet 23 seals and is communicated with smoke discharging pipe 8, this smoke discharging pipe 8 between the tar storage bin 9 and gas heating case 10 of parallel setting and drying materials case 11 be communicated with through inlet seal that is rear and adjustment gas tank 12, the exit seal of this adjustment gas tank 12 is communicated with the import of air blast 13, the exit seal of this air blast 13 is communicated with described air cooling equipment 18, the outlet of this air cooling equipment 18 lower end is divided into two-way, pipeline of leading up to returns gasifying stalk stove and accessory 14, and the gas approach 22 of burner body of heater lower end of separately leading up to enters in combustion chamber 6; The closed circuit circulatory system of this road flue gas, makes the carbon dioxide in flue gas a bit not to environmental emission, again can also be recycled in combustion chamber.
The closed cycle system of the flue gas produced when described gasifying stalk stove and accessory starts is: the pipeline in fuel gas inlet 24 front of described burner bottom of furnace body is provided with first, second switch 15, 16, when the first switch 15 is opened, when second switch 16 is closed, now the gas outlet of gasifying stalk stove and accessory 14 is sealed the tar that wherein produced by tar oil treatment device 17(successively and is flowed into by pipeline in the tar storage bin 9 that arranges below it), air cooling equipment 18, filter 19, turn back to after blower unit 20 and regulate gas tank 12(essence to be exactly the air-intake device regulating air to enter), the outlet of gas tank 12 is regulated to be communicated with the inlet seal of air blast 13, the outlet of air blast 13 is communicated with the inlet seal of air cooling equipment 18, the outlet of air cooling equipment 18 is communicated with the gasification zone sealing of gasifying stalk stove and accessory.The closed cycle of this road flue gas, the flue gas recirculation produced when gasifying stalk stove and accessory is started is got back to gasifying stalk stove and accessory gasification zone and is recycled.
Above-mentioned smoke circulating system solves the pollution problem that pollutant causes to environmental emission, really reaches the object of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Embodiment 2, a kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, uniform breather line 21 in described combustion chamber 5, by this breather line 21 by through for the top and the bottom of burner furnace chamber.Remaining with embodiment 1.When the flue gas that the combustion chamber 6 fuel gas firing of burner (stove and accessory) produces, when rising to its top and the space with furnace chamber top by each breather line 21 in combustion chamber 5, up flue gas is stopped by the space of sealing, make flue gas must not be up, then go downwards to by the space that the inwall that outer wall and the backwater of combustion chamber 5 overlap 4 is formed exhanst gas outlet 23 place that backwater overlaps 4 bottoms and recycle.Breather line 21 uniform in combustion chamber 5 makes high-temperature flue gas heat water in combustion chamber 5 rapidly and uniformly.
Embodiment 3, a kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, water jacket 1 on described gasifying stalk stove and accessory body of heater is communicated with heating installation 3, the outlet two path water circulatory system of this heating installation 3, one tunnel is the water jacket 4 that the exit seal of heating installation 3 is communicated with on described burner body of heater, and the outlet of this water jacket 4 is communicated with water jacket 1 sealing on gasifying stalk stove and accessory body of heater; Another road is the water jacket 4 that the exit seal of heating installation 3 is communicated with on described burner body of heater, and this water jacket 4 is communicated with combustion chamber 5 sealing in burner furnace chamber, and the exit seal of this combustion chamber 5 is communicated with the entrance of heating installation 3.The backwater circulation system of above two-way, forms complementary hot-water heating system, and is fully utilized by smoke discharging residual heat.Remaining with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 4, a kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, described burner body of heater top is provided with preheating water tank 7.The water be preheated in this preheating water tank 7 can as domestic water.Remaining with embodiment 3.
the course of work of the present utility model:
A kind of water circulation of gasifying stalk stove and accessory and the seam loop circulating device of flue gas, the water circulation of described gasifying stalk stove and accessory is connected with radiator air-tight movable from the upper water aerogenesis apparatus water jacket by pipeline, the backwater of radiator is flexibly connected by seal for pipe joints with the backwater cover of burner (stove and accessory), then is connected with the backwater air-tight movable of aerogenesis apparatus water jacket by pipeline; The upper water of burner (stove and accessory) combustion chamber is flexibly connected by seal for pipe joints with radiator, radiator backwater overlaps air-tight movable by pipeline with the backwater of burner (stove and accessory) and is connected, be connected with the backwater air-tight movable of combustion chamber by pipeline again, form the water circulation system of heating.The flue gas of described gasifying stalk stove and accessory is from the combustion chamber of burner (stove and accessory), produce by during fuel combustion, flue gas rises to bottom combustion chamber top and preheating water tank and backwater overlap between the space that formed, the space formed between being overlapped by combustion chamber and backwater again goes downwards to the smoke outlet that backwater overlaps bottom, tar storage bin and gas heating case is passed through by smoke discharging pipe, enter material drying device, pass through pipeline again, gas tank is regulated to be connected with the air inlet air-tight movable of blower fan, by blower fan by flue gas, flue dust is sent in the gasification zone of gasification installation or the combustion chamber of burner, form a road closed circuit circulatory system of flue gas, above all must taking everywhere is tightly connected, smoke evacuation process of short duration when described gasification installation starts, from air-introduced machine flue gas out, adjustment gas tank is connected to by switch control rule air-tight movable by pipeline, be connected with the air inlet air-tight movable of blower fan from adjustment gas tank by pipeline again, the closed circuit circulatory system on another road will be formed in the gasification zone of institute's smoke discharging feeding gasification installation by blower fan, two-way circulation, not to environmental emission flue gas, flue dust, forms autologous closed circuit clean-production system.
In the utility model: water circulation: the water in a route aerogenesis apparatus water jacket, after the high-temperature heating of gasification zone, upper water is connected with radiator, backwater is introduced into the backwater cover of burner (stove and accessory), utilize smoke discharging residual heat by water heating in backwater cover, flow in the water jacket of aerogenesis apparatus by back of pipeline again, form a road water circulation; Water in another route burner (stove and accessory) combustion chamber is after fuel combustion heating, upper water connects radiator, backwater equally first gets back to the backwater cover of burner (stove and accessory), again in the combustion chamber that back of pipeline flows to burner (stove and accessory), form another road water circulation, two path water circulation participates in heating with parallel way, it is advantageous that when there being fuel combustion in burner (stove and accessory), can be the water Fast Heating in combustion chamber and aerogenesis apparatus water jacket, realize heating effect rapidly and efficiently; When stopping burning in burner (stove and accessory), the water in aerogenesis apparatus water jacket still by the high temperature of gasification zone by heating and continuous for water circulation a period of time, be unlikely to be that indoor temperature declines fast in heating process, guarantee heating effect.The closed cycle of flue gas: after flue gas produces in combustion chamber, rise to successively combustion chamber top and preheating water tank and backwater overlap between the space that formed, upwards can heat the water in preheating water tank, simultaneously, also exhaust gas temperature can be reduced, flue gas goes downwards to the smoke outlet of backwater cover bottom again along the space formed between furnace core outer wall and backwater cover inwall, which inwardly considerably increases the heating surface area of combustion chamber, make the water Fast Heating in it, water heating in outwards being overlapped by backwater participates in the water circulation of heating, achieve the object increasing heating surface area to greatest extent, simultaneously, also exhaust gas temperature can be reduced, improve the thermal efficiency of heating, flue gas from backwater cover bottom exit out after, first tar storage bin and gas heating case is passed through by smoke discharging pipe, adding thermal tar and combustion gas respectively, to make it run unobstructed, smoke discharging residual heat second time can be made to be utilized, temperature reduces further, pass through pipeline communication material drying device again by drying materials, smoke discharging residual heat is repeatedly utilized, exhaust gas temperature reduces greatly, achieve the object reducing thermal losses to greatest extent, and then by pipeline enter regulate gas tank mix with air, be connected with the air inlet of blower fan by the adjustment gas outlet of gas tank again, by blower fan, mist is sent in the gasification zone of gasification installation or the combustion chamber of burner (stove and accessory), by the carbon dioxide recycling in flue gas, form the flue gas closed circuit circulatory system that a road is autologous, the smoke evacuation process that another road is of short duration when gasification installation starts, from air-introduced machine flue gas out, adjustment gas tank is connected to by switch control rule air-tight movable by pipeline, be connected with the air inlet air-tight movable of blower fan from adjustment gas tank by pipeline again, by blower fan, the gasification zone that institute's smoke discharging sends into gasification installation is recycled, form the closed circuit circulatory system on another road.

Claims (5)

1. a totally-enclosed smoke circulating system for gasifying stalk stove and accessory, comprises gasifying stalk stove and accessory, and the body of heater on this gasifying stalk stove and accessory is provided with water jacket, and this water jacket is communicated with heating installation; The gas outlet of described gasifying stalk stove and accessory is communicated with tar oil treatment device, hermetically passing air cooling equipment successively, be communicated with filter and blower unit after enter the combustion chamber of burner, it is characterized in that: described totally-enclosed smoke circulating system comprises two-way closed cycle system, the closed cycle system of the flue gas that one tunnel produces when being the startup of gasifying stalk stove and accessory, another road is the closed cycle system of the flue gas that burner burning produces.
2. the totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of a kind of gasifying stalk stove and accessory according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the closed cycle system of the flue gas that described burner burning produces is: (5) (6) the combustion chamber of this burner be provided with combustion chamber in top, this combustion chamber (5) top and burner furnace chamber top between leave cavity, the body of heater of burner is provided with water jacket (4), the lower end, body of heater both sides of this burner and bottom are provided with flue gas import and export (22,23) and fuel gas inlet (24), (8) described exhanst gas outlet (23) sealing is communicated with smoke discharging pipe, this smoke discharging pipe (8) from the tar storage bin of parallel setting (9) and gas heating case (10) between and drying materials case (11) through rear and regulate gas tank inlet seal to be (12) communicated with, this adjustment gas tank exit seal is (12) communicated with air blast import (13), this air blast exit seal is (13) communicated with described air cooling equipment (18), the outlet of this air cooling equipment (18) lower end is divided into two-way, pipeline of leading up to returns gasifying stalk stove and accessory (14), the gas approach (22) of lower end, burner body of heater side of separately leading up to enter combustion chamber (6) in, the closed cycle system of the flue gas produced when described gasifying stalk stove and accessory starts is: the pipeline in fuel gas inlet (24) front of described burner bottom of furnace body is provided with first, second switch (15, 16), when the first switch (15) is opened, when second switch (16) is closed, now the gas outlet of gasifying stalk stove and accessory seals by tar oil treatment device (17) successively, air cooling equipment (18), filter (19), turn back to after blower unit (20) and regulate gas tank (12), gas tank outlet is (12) regulated to be communicated with the inlet seal of air blast (13), the outlet of air blast (13) is communicated with the inlet seal of air cooling equipment (18), the outlet of air cooling equipment (18) is communicated with the gasification zone sealing of gasifying stalk stove and accessory (14).
3. the totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of a kind of gasifying stalk stove and accessory according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described combustion chamber is the uniform breather line of middle sealing (21) (5), by this breather line (21) by through for the top and the bottom of burner furnace chamber.
4. the totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of a kind of gasifying stalk stove and accessory according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the water jacket (1) on described gasifying stalk stove and accessory (14) body of heater is communicated with heating installation (3), the outlet two path water circulatory system of this heating installation (3), one tunnel is the water jacket (4) that the exit seal of heating installation (3) is communicated with on described burner body of heater, and the outlet of this water jacket (4) is communicated with water jacket (1) sealing on gasifying stalk stove and accessory body of heater; Another road is the water jacket (4) that the exit seal of heating installation (3) is communicated with on described burner body of heater, and this water jacket (4) is communicated with combustion chamber (5) sealing in burner furnace chamber, and the exit seal of this combustion chamber (5) is communicated with the entrance of heating installation (3).
5. the totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of a kind of gasifying stalk stove and accessory according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described burner body of heater top is provided with preheating water tank (7).
CN201520021239.7U 2015-01-13 2015-01-13 A kind of totally-enclosed smoke circulating system of gasifying stalk stove and accessory Expired - Fee Related CN204421077U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104566487A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-29 程浩德 Totally-enclosed flue gas circulation system of straw gasification stove

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104566487A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-04-29 程浩德 Totally-enclosed flue gas circulation system of straw gasification stove

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20150624

Termination date: 20170113