CN204417233U - The buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water - Google Patents

The buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204417233U
CN204417233U CN201520044236.5U CN201520044236U CN204417233U CN 204417233 U CN204417233 U CN 204417233U CN 201520044236 U CN201520044236 U CN 201520044236U CN 204417233 U CN204417233 U CN 204417233U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
plastic box
farmland ditch
buried
prosopyle
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520044236.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张乃明
夏运生
郑传扬
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Yunnan Agricultural University
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Yunnan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201520044236.5U priority Critical patent/CN204417233U/en
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Publication of CN204417233U publication Critical patent/CN204417233U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water, belong to agricultural non-point pollution control techniques field, the described buried refining plant of farmland ditch low-pollution water mainly comprises: prosopyle, plastics case lid, stuffing box, dividing plate, nylon wire, plastic box, gravel case, water blockoff weir district, posticum, the utility model is arranged on the cross section of farmland ditch, by the water blockoff weir district on the left of plastics case lid being arranged the low nitrogen in water blockoff weir interception farmland ditch, the draining of phosphorus concentration, current are by prosopyle access to plant, purified water by the absorption of filler in device and the filteration of gravel, and set out water hole on plastic box left side wall top, the water after filtration can be made to carry out the rear outflow of precipitation further, make water quality limpider, final realization reduces nitrogen in farmland ditch draining, the effect of phosphorus content, simultaneously, the utility model structure is simple, cheap, practical, be beneficial to popularization.

Description

The buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water
Technical field
The utility model discloses the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water, belong to agricultural non-point pollution control techniques field.
Background technology
In recent years, along with point-source pollution administers the raising of level, agricultural non-point pollution has become the major way of basin pollution of water.Meanwhile, the fast development of economic society, people are in order to improve farmland production ability, and use fertilizer and pesticide in a large number to improve the output of farm crop, Soil Nutrients in Farmland is accumulated, and number of dropouts also constantly increases.Agricultural land loss nutrient, as nitrogen, phosphorus etc., with rainwash or farmland water-break, imports downstream receiving water body via agriculture drainage ditch, causes downstream water eutrophication, make water resource environment quality protection face huge challenge.
At present, the prevention and control of agricultural non-point pollution subtract dirt mainly through source, process is cut down and end treatment three aspects are carried out, wherein, process is cut down and is dammed in surface water body transition process at non-point source nitrogen, phosphorus and purify, and reaches the object of cutting down and entering downstream receiving water body amount.Draining but in farmland ditch is generally the polluted-water of low nitrogen, phosphorus concentration, adopts process for treating industrial waste water to carry out process purification obviously improper.There are research (Zhang Chongwei etc., 2009) environmental revetment material-permeable straw concrete is developed for agriculture drainage ditch, and itself and drainage blanket material are constructed an agriculture drainage ditch filtration system jointly, the self-purification capacity of irrigation canals and ditches water body can be improved to a certain extent, but this research is mainly stablized from protection irrigation canals and ditches and recovers the angle of the irrigation canals and ditches ecosystem, consider based in full irrigation canals and ditches length, quantities is comparatively large, costly; And Authorization Notice No. is the field low-concentration non-point sewage biological purification facility of CN 201678556 U, utilize existing farmland ditch, economical aquatic plant zones, grid, settling tank, complex media filtration dam is provided with successively along water (flow) direction, can effectively cut down its content of nitrogen and phosphorous, but this facility system comprises three irrigation canals and ditches sections, construction volume is comparatively large, and needs to plant economic aquatic plant, and handling cost is relatively high.
For this reason, need a kind of cheap, practical, simple experimental installation, tackle farmland ditch low-pollution water, and reduce its nitrogen, phosphorus concentration and reach the object of further purification, the material urgently adopted farmland ditch low-pollution water purification facility or device and principle of design carry out improvement and bring new ideas.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome Problems existing in background technology, the utility model provides the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water, adopt and refining plant is set on the cross section of farmland ditch, by the water blockoff weir district on the left of plastics case lid being arranged the NITROGEN IN LOW CONCENTRATION in water blockoff weir interception farmland ditch, phosphorus draining, current are by prosopyle access to plant, purified water by the absorption of filler in device and the filteration of gravel, and set out water hole on the left side wall top of plastic box, the water after filtration can be made to carry out the rear outflow of precipitation further, make water quality limpider, final realization reduces nitrogen in farmland ditch draining, the effect of phosphorus content, simultaneously, the utility model structure is simple, cheap, practical, be beneficial to popularization.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
The buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water, described equipment comprises prosopyle 1, plastics case lid 2, stuffing box 3, dividing plate 4, nylon wire 5, plastic box 6, gravel case 7, water blockoff weir district 8, posticum 9; Described prosopyle 1 is arranged on the right side of plastics case lid 2, water blockoff weir district 8 is arranged on the left side of plastics case lid 2, described dividing plate 4 is arranged in plastic box 6, described nylon wire 5 is arranged on below dividing plate 4, be stuffing box 3 on the right side of described plastic box 6, be gravel case 7 on the left of plastic box 6, described posticum 9 is arranged on the left side wall top of plastic box 6.
Described prosopyle 1 is arranged on the plastics case lid 2 corresponding with stuffing box 3, and described prosopyle 1 diameter is 4mm to 6mm, and the spacing between prosopyle 1 is 10mm to 20mm.
Described posticum 9 diameter is 4mm to 6mm, and the spacing between posticum 9 is 10mm to 20mm.
The gravel diameter used in described gravel case 7 is 1cm to 2cm.
Described dividing plate 4 upper end is concordant with plastic box 6 upper end, 10cm bottom the distance plastic box 6 of lower end.
Described dividing plate 4 uses adhesive seal with plastics case lid 2 and plastic box 6 junction, and described nylon wire 5 also uses adhesive seal with dividing plate 4 and plastic box 6 junction.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
The utility model is arranged on the cross section of farmland ditch, by the water blockoff weir district on the left of plastics case lid being arranged the NITROGEN IN LOW CONCENTRATION in water blockoff weir interception farmland ditch, phosphorus draining, current are by prosopyle access to plant, purified water by the absorption of filler in device and the filteration of gravel, and set out water hole on the left side wall top of plastic box, the water after filtration can be made to carry out the rear outflow of precipitation further, make water quality limpider, final realization reduces nitrogen in farmland drainage, the effect of phosphorus content, simultaneously, the utility model structure is simple, cheap, practical, be beneficial to popularization.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
1-prosopyle, 2-plastics case lid, 3-stuffing box, 4-dividing plate, 5-nylon wire, 6-plastic box, 7-gravel case, 8-water blockoff weir district, 9-posticum in figure.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and beneficial effect clearly, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail, to facilitate the technical staff to understand.
As shown in Figure 1, the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water, described equipment comprises: prosopyle 1, plastics case lid 2, stuffing box 3, dividing plate 4, nylon wire 5, plastic box 6, gravel case 7, water blockoff weir district 8, posticum 9;
Described prosopyle 1 is arranged on the right side of plastics case lid 2, prosopyle 1 is arranged on the plastics case lid 2 corresponding with stuffing box 3, the diameter of prosopyle 1 is 4mm to 6mm, prevent suspended substance from entering, spacing between prosopyle 1 is 10mm to 20mm, water blockoff weir district 8 is arranged on the left side of plastics case lid 2, water blockoff weir set in water blockoff weir district 8 is concrete or brick material, transverse design is on the cross section and plastic box 6 of irrigation canals and ditches, and it is consistent with dividing plate 4 rip cutting direction, upper end is higher than water surface 10-20cm and lower than irrigation canals and ditches face 10-20cm, prevent ditch water in a canal from not having water blockoff weir, by the water blockoff weir district 8 on the left of plastics case lid 2 arranges water blockoff weir, NITROGEN IN LOW CONCENTRATION in interception farmland ditch, phosphorus draining, current are by prosopyle 1 access to plant, purified water by the absorption of filler in device and the filteration of gravel.
Described dividing plate 4 is arranged in plastic box 6, described nylon wire 5 is arranged on below dividing plate 4, described dividing plate 4 uses adhesive seal with plastics case lid 2 and plastic box 6 junction, described nylon wire 5 also uses adhesive seal with dividing plate 4 and plastic box 6 junction, prevent the foreign material in ditch water in a canal and small filler from entering gravel case, the effect that impact is filtered.
Be stuffing box 3 on the right side of described plastic box 6, splendid attire filler in stuffing box 3, its main stuffing is charcoal and haydite, be aided with a small amount of sandstone and wood chip forms by a certain percentage, for adsorbing the Eutrophication materials such as nitrogen, phosphorus flowing through lower concentration in irrigation canals and ditches draining, being gravel case 7 on the left of plastic box 6, in gravel case 7, putting into gravel, described gravel diameter is 1cm to 2cm, and gravel plays the effect filtered further and purify to water quality.
Described posticum 9 is arranged on the left side wall top of plastic box 6, the water after filtration can be made to carry out the rear outflow of precipitation further, make water quality limpider.
Working process of the present utility model:
In plastic box 6, dividing plate 4 and nylon wire 5 are installed, 10cm bottom the lower end distance plastic box 6 of dividing plate 4, dividing plate 4 lower end is connected with nylon wire 5, dividing plate 4 uses adhesive seal with plastics case lid 2 and plastic box 6 junction, nylon wire 5 also uses adhesive seal with dividing plate 4 and plastic box 6 bottom junctions, filler is filled in stuffing box 3 on the right side of plastic box 6, gravel is filled in gravel case 7 on the left of plastic box 6, on 2-in-1 for plastics case lid, put in the farmland ditch needing to purify water, plastic box 6 is embedded in the soil layer in irrigation canals and ditches, casing upper end is concordant with the water-bed topsoil of irrigation canals and ditches, water blockoff weir district 8 arranges water blockoff weir, upper end, water blockoff weir is higher than water surface 10-20cm and lower than irrigation canals and ditches face 10-20cm, make it all to flow through stuffing box 3 for tackling irrigation canals and ditches draining.
The utility model is arranged on the cross section of farmland ditch, by the water blockoff weir district on the left of plastics case lid being arranged the low-pollution water in water blockoff weir interception farmland ditch, current are by prosopyle access to plant, purified water by the absorption of filler in device and the filteration of gravel, water hole is set out on the left side wall top of plastic box, the water after filtration can be made to carry out the rear outflow of precipitation further, make water quality limpider, final realization reduces nitrogen in farmland ditch draining, the effect of phosphorus content, simultaneously, the utility model structure is simple, cheap, practical, be beneficial to popularization.
What finally illustrate is, above preferred embodiment is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, although be described in detail the utility model by above preferred embodiment, but those skilled in the art are to be understood that, various change can be made to it in the form and details, and not depart from the utility model claims limited range.

Claims (6)

1. the buried refining plant of farmland ditch low-pollution water, is characterized in that: the described buried refining plant of farmland ditch low-pollution water comprises prosopyle, plastics case lid, stuffing box, dividing plate, nylon wire, plastic box, gravel case, water blockoff weir district, posticum; Described prosopyle is arranged on the right side of plastics case lid, water blockoff weir district is arranged on the left side of plastics case lid, described dividing plate is arranged in plastic box, described nylon wire is arranged on below dividing plate, it is stuffing box on the right side of described plastic box, be gravel case on the left of plastic box, described posticum is arranged on the left side wall top of plastic box.
2. the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described prosopyle is arranged on the plastic box corresponding with stuffing box and covers, described prosopyle diameter is 4mm to 6mm, and the spacing between prosopyle is 10mm to 20mm.
3. the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described prosopyle is arranged on the top of gravel case left side wall, described posticum diameter is 4mm to 6mm, and the spacing between posticum is 10mm to 20mm.
4. the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the gravel diameter used in described gravel case is 1cm to 2cm.
5. the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described dividing plate upper end is concordant with plastic box upper end, 10cm bottom the distance plastic box of lower end.
6. the buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dividing plate and plastics case lid and plastic box junction use adhesive seal, described nylon wire and dividing plate and plastic box junction also use adhesive seal.
CN201520044236.5U 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 The buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water Expired - Fee Related CN204417233U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520044236.5U CN204417233U (en) 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 The buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520044236.5U CN204417233U (en) 2015-01-22 2015-01-22 The buried refining plant of a kind of farmland ditch low-pollution water

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105540896A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-04 云南农业大学 Method for constructing simple buried rural household sewage treatment system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105540896A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-04 云南农业大学 Method for constructing simple buried rural household sewage treatment system
CN105540896B (en) * 2016-01-08 2017-12-05 云南农业大学 A kind of simple buried rural household sewage disposal system construction method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20150624

Termination date: 20180122