CN204405068U - Total station prism - Google Patents

Total station prism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204405068U
CN204405068U CN201520107358.4U CN201520107358U CN204405068U CN 204405068 U CN204405068 U CN 204405068U CN 201520107358 U CN201520107358 U CN 201520107358U CN 204405068 U CN204405068 U CN 204405068U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
prism
total station
square
distance measuring
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520107358.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈淑清
李吉英
Original Assignee
滨州学院
陈淑清
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Application filed by 滨州学院, 陈淑清 filed Critical 滨州学院
Priority to CN201520107358.4U priority Critical patent/CN204405068U/en
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Publication of CN204405068U publication Critical patent/CN204405068U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of total station prism, comprise support and by the reflecting prism of horizontal rotating shaft device on this support, also comprise: tripod, the set square on this tripod in order to load described support, and is provided with level meter as support plate on set square; Distance measuring equipment, is arranged on the side of support, and range finding head is downward, and is positioned on the axis of described horizontal rotating shaft; And display screen, arranging on the bracket, connecting described distance measuring equipment for exporting range measurement.The utility model can provide height number accurately, and ensures the vertical bury pipe of its support.

Description

Total station prism

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of total station prism.

Background technology

The prism that total station prism uses is called reflecting prism, also referred to as reflector plate, finds range as reverberation.During range finding, reflecting prism receives the light signal that total powerstation sends, and is reflected back.Based on this principle, total powerstation sends light signal, and receives the light signal that reflects from reflecting prism, calculates the phase shift etc. of light signal, thus indirectly tries to achieve the time that light passes through, and finally measures the distance of total powerstation to reflecting prism.

Use in the actual measurement of total powerstation, general needs at least two people's conjunction measurings, wherein a people operates total powerstation at measurement point, and another people is responsible for running point, at respective point bit manipulation total station prism.The personnel of operation total station prism must by the personnel of the prism height teaching process total powerstation of point position, with ensure measuring point elevation record, to calculate be correct.Therefore, on total station prism, the height of reflecting prism just becomes a very important parameter.

On current total station prism, the height of reflecting prism is mainly through measuring acquisition, generally directly measures with a yardstick and gets or adopt the graduated prism bar of band to read.Wherein the former operates inconvenience, inefficiency, and uses dimensional measurement to be limited to experience and the operating environment of operating personnel, and measuring error is larger.For the graduated prism bar of band, be generally that single pole uses, artificial righting, its vertical bury pipe inherently cannot be guaranteed, and measuring error is also larger.

Chinese patent literature CN203744980U discloses a kind of measurement and uses digital centering rod, it measures the present level of reflecting prism by range measurement system, then total powerstation is transferred to by data transmission system, it effectively solves the efficiency that reflecting prism is measured, but, it still just adopts single pole structure, and the vertical bury pipe of single pole (prism bar is also named line rod) can not effectively be ensured.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of total station prism, can provide height ensure the vertical bury pipe of its support accurately.

The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:

A kind of total station prism, comprises support and by the reflecting prism of horizontal rotating shaft device on this support, also comprises:

Tripod, the set square on this tripod in order to load described support, and is provided with level meter as support plate on set square;

Distance measuring equipment, is arranged on the side of support, and range finding head is downward, and is positioned on the axis of described horizontal rotating shaft; And

Display screen, arranging on the bracket, connecting described distance measuring equipment for exporting range measurement.

As can be seen from said structure, according to the utility model, for total station prism configuration tripod, in order to replace current single rod supported, its set square is made to be in level by the adjustment of tripod hydrous water level, thus the horizontal rotating shaft axis of reflecting prism placed by guarantee set square is in horizontality, the vertical bury pipe of matched prisms bar, the utility model more easily ensures.For height, adopt distance measuring equipment to find range, when so-called vertical bury pipe obtains Reliable guarantee, the range finding of distance measuring equipment just has denotation, and thus to obtain accuracy higher for the height of mirror lens.

Above-mentioned total station prism, in certain embodiments, described distance measuring equipment has two, and each ground, both sides is arranged on support, is recorded the comparison of distance by two distance measuring equipments, obtains height number more accurately.

Further, described level meter is air-bubble level, and is the axes normal of cylinder level meter, its axis and described horizontal rotating shaft, can obtain measurement result more accurately.

Preferably, in order to adapt to the application of zones of different, described set square has center pit, and this center pit is fitted with setting nut;

Correspondingly, support is assemblied on set square by the adjusting screw(rod) coordinated with described setting nut, and wherein adjusting screw(rod) is vertical bar.

Preferably, the supporting leg of described tripod is the supporting leg that length can regulate, easy to adjust.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the one-piece construction schematic diagram according to a kind of total station prism of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of total station prism user side.

In figure: 1, level meter, 2. support, 3. the first distance measuring equipment, 4. the second distance measuring equipment, 5. reflecting prism, 6. display screen, 7. adjusting screw(rod), 8. reconcile screw, 9. set square, 10. huckle, 11. straight troughs, and 12. regulate screw, 13, adjusting screw(rod).

Embodiment

As described in the background section, current total station prism generally adopts single rod supported, reflecting prism 5 is arranged on the top of single pole, thus in use, operating personnel are erected at measuring point, and its vertical bury pipe relies on the experience of operating personnel and feel to be grasped completely, can say without any precision.

Even if single pole is with scale, but due to vertical bury pipe cannot accurate perception, so drawn height number is also inaccurate, in other words, when single pole can not vertically time, there is certain angle in itself and vertical plane, the height number drawn is less than normal than the height number of reality.

With this understanding, even if configuration distance measuring equipment also can produce error, even application condition is large.

See Figure of description 1 and 2, according to the utility model preferred embodiment, tripod is adopted to replace single pole (i.e. prism bar), the support of operating personnel is no longer needed in using, but stood in measuring point, then regulate the level of its set square 9, the opposed vertical degree of support 2 can not only be ensured, and stability is relatively good, be conducive to carrying out in order of measurement.

So the guarantee of vertical bury pipe is, illustrated total station prism has following structure:

The same with the total station prism of routine, all comprise support 2 and by the reflecting prism 5 of horizontal rotating shaft device on support 2.

Its medium-height trestle 2, is generally U-shaped structure or loop configuration, also can adopt equivalent U-shaped structure or loop configuration, as the general selection of this area, does not repeat them here.

The general structure of support 2 is them is bilateral symmetry, is provided with transverse axis in the lateral direction, then fills on the horizontal axis by reflecting prism 5, and reflecting prism 5 can be overturn around transverse axis.

Generally speaking, the direction of transverse axis Axis Extension is left and right directions, and also referred to as side, fore-and-aft direction coupling is side, front and back.

Meanwhile, the axis of transverse axis and the axes normal of reflecting prism 5.

Further, configuration tripod is in order to replace single pole, and the set square 9 on this tripod in order to load described support 2, and is provided with level meter 1 as support plate on set square 9.

Tripod is a kind of conventional equipment, is widely used in the support of such as instrument and meter, can be furnished with level meter 1 in some applications, but use-pattern and this programme difference to some extent.

In this programme, level meter coordinates tripod to use, and in order to ensure the vertical bury pipe of support 2, and then ensures the accuracy of range finding.

Further, configuration distance measuring equipment, the first distance measuring equipment 3 and the second distance measuring equipment 4 such as shown in Fig. 1, be arranged on the side of support 2, range finding head is downward, and is positioned on the axis of described horizontal rotating shaft, under the condition of set square 9 level, range finding head keeps vertically, thus can obtain height value accurately.

Display screen 6, is arranged on described support 2, connects described distance measuring equipment for exporting range measurement.

Because simple range finding does not need complicated treatment circuit, be furnished with special stadimeter under prior art condition, stadimeter contains display screen, thus, does not relate to any improvement of the disposal route of ranging data here, the simple application just to distance-measuring equipment.

Range finding head and display screen can be provided separately, also can be integrated and be configured to existing equipment, i.e. stadimeter.

Display screen can be consistent with the number of range finding head, and also can be set to separately one, all range finding heads share a display screen.

In the application that some simplify, distance measuring equipment is configured to one, needs to ensure that level meter 1 can set up the level of set square 9 accurately.

In some applications, in order to the level of the set square 9 that caunches, level meter 1 needs configuration two, such as cylinder level meter, also can be configured to one, such as spherical level meter, can carry out horizontal adjustment in the two directions.

In a preferred embodiment, described distance measuring equipment has two, each ground, both sides is arranged on support 2, the first distance measuring equipment 3 and the second distance measuring equipment 4 such as shown in Fig. 1, by the result comparison of two distance measuring equipments, the horizontality on left and right directions can be demonstrated, then coordinate the level on a direction orthogonal with this direction to indicate the level that just can adjust set square 9.

Level meter is the low-angle conventional measurer of a kind of measurement.In machinery industry and instrument manufacture, for measuring the horizontal level installed relative to the pitch angle of horizontal level, the flatness of lathe kind equipment guide rail and linearity, equipment and upright position etc.Can be divided into by the profile difference of level meter: frame level and two kinds, chi formula level meter; Can be divided into again by the fixed form of level: adjustable water level and can not mode level meter.

Level meter is mainly used in the linearity of the various lathe of inspection and other type equipment guide rail and the horizontal level of equipment installation, upright position.It also can be applied to low-angle measurement and the workplace with V-type groove, also can measure the installation depth of parallelism of cylindrical workpiece, and install horizontal level and upright position.

In the application that some accuracy requirements are higher, electrolevel can also be adopted.

Lay particular emphasis in this programme use cost lower take level tube as the level meter of primary element, its level tube is made up of glass, level tube inwall is a curved surface with certain curvature radius, pipe is built with liquid, when the raw inclination of level meter principle of work, one end that in level tube, bubble just raises to level meter is moved, thus determines the position of surface level.Level tube inwall radius-of-curvature is larger, and resolution is higher, and radius-of-curvature is less, and resolution is lower, and therefore level tube radius-of-curvature determines the precision of level meter.

Based on description above, in this programme, level meter 1 coordinates stadimeter result of use can be better, therefore, described level meter 1 is adopted as air-bubble level, and is cylinder level meter, the axes normal of its axis and described horizontal rotating shaft, cooperatively interacts, and can set up the level of set square 9.

Tripod is generally containing lifting structure, the axis of general coupling tripod, this programme adopts threaded adjusting, thus, in the construction shown in fig. 1, described set square 9 has center pit, and this center pit is fitted with setting nut 8, the precision of threaded adjusting is very high, can ensure the accuracy requirement of meter setting.

And then correspondingly, support 2 is assemblied on set square 9 by the adjusting screw(rod) 7 coordinated with described setting nut 8, and wherein adjusting screw(rod) is vertical bar.

Further, the supporting leg of described tripod is the supporting leg that length can regulate, and in the construction shown in fig. 1, also adopts threaded adjusting structure, such as, setting nut 12 shown in figure and the fit structure of adjusting screw(rod) 13.

Claims (5)

1. a total station prism, comprises support (2) and by the reflecting prism (5) of horizontal rotating shaft device on this support (2), it is characterized in that, also comprise:
Tripod, the set square (9) on this tripod in order to load described support (2), and is provided with level meter (1) as support plate on set square (9);
Distance measuring equipment, is arranged on the side of support (2), and range finding head is downward, and is positioned on the axis of described horizontal rotating shaft; And
Display screen (6), is arranged on described support (2), connects described distance measuring equipment for exporting range measurement.
2. total station prism according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described distance measuring equipment has two, and each ground, both sides is arranged on support (2).
3. total station prism according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described level meter is air-bubble level, and is the axes normal of cylinder level meter, its axis and described horizontal rotating shaft.
4., according to the arbitrary described total station prism of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described set square (9) has center pit, and this center pit is fitted with setting nut (8);
Correspondingly, support (2) is assemblied on set square (9) by the adjusting screw(rod) (7) coordinated with described setting nut (8), and wherein adjusting screw(rod) is vertical bar.
5. total station prism according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the supporting leg of described tripod is the supporting leg that length can regulate.
CN201520107358.4U 2015-02-13 2015-02-13 Total station prism CN204405068U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520107358.4U CN204405068U (en) 2015-02-13 2015-02-13 Total station prism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520107358.4U CN204405068U (en) 2015-02-13 2015-02-13 Total station prism

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105044876A (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-11-11 苏州华徕光电仪器有限公司 Optical surveying and mapping prism adjusting base
CN105044877A (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-11-11 苏州华徕光电仪器有限公司 Reflection adjusting base with microstructure surveying and mapping prism
CN105136111A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-09 孙立民 Horizontal difference and height difference meter for building construction
CN105782673A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-20 滨州学院 Total-station instrument tripod
CN106017390A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-10-12 哈尔滨金玉科技开发有限公司 Building floor interval measuring device
CN106090821A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-11-09 中国人民解放军第测绘导航基地时空基准队 A kind of LED quickly looks for destination apparatus
CN109163714A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-08 宁波广天建通工程管理有限公司 Measurement and positioning coordinate transformation device and its construction method under MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105044876A (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-11-11 苏州华徕光电仪器有限公司 Optical surveying and mapping prism adjusting base
CN105044877A (en) * 2015-08-05 2015-11-11 苏州华徕光电仪器有限公司 Reflection adjusting base with microstructure surveying and mapping prism
CN105044877B (en) * 2015-08-05 2017-11-28 苏州华徕光电仪器有限公司 Reflective regulation seat with micro-structural mapping prism
CN105136111B (en) * 2015-08-25 2017-10-27 广东栩诺工程技术有限公司 A kind of construction level error and vertical survey instrument
CN105136111A (en) * 2015-08-25 2015-12-09 孙立民 Horizontal difference and height difference meter for building construction
CN105782673A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-07-20 滨州学院 Total-station instrument tripod
CN105782673B (en) * 2016-05-17 2017-11-24 滨州学院 Total station tripod
CN106017390A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-10-12 哈尔滨金玉科技开发有限公司 Building floor interval measuring device
CN106090821A (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-11-09 中国人民解放军第测绘导航基地时空基准队 A kind of LED quickly looks for destination apparatus
CN109163714A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-08 宁波广天建通工程管理有限公司 Measurement and positioning coordinate transformation device and its construction method under MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY
CN109163714B (en) * 2018-09-28 2020-09-08 宁波广天建通工程管理有限公司 Measuring and positioning coordinate conversion device under complex terrain condition and construction method thereof

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150617

Termination date: 20180213

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee