CN204392154U - Be applied to the angular adjustment apparatus of device of solar generating - Google Patents

Be applied to the angular adjustment apparatus of device of solar generating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204392154U
CN204392154U CN201520068190.0U CN201520068190U CN204392154U CN 204392154 U CN204392154 U CN 204392154U CN 201520068190 U CN201520068190 U CN 201520068190U CN 204392154 U CN204392154 U CN 204392154U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drive motors
solar panel
device
solar
adjustment apparatus
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520068190.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
龚巧文
杨忠银
陈丽丹
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华南理工大学广州学院
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Priority to CN201520068190.0U priority Critical patent/CN204392154U/en
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Publication of CN204392154U publication Critical patent/CN204392154U/en

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Abstract

The utility model is a kind of device of solar generating, particularly relates to a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating.It comprises frame, it also comprises rack-mounted solar panel, transfer and control device, solar panel is positioned at the top of frame, transfer is positioned at the lower position of solar panel, transfer is utilized to regulate solar panel rotation in the horizontal direction and the rotation of in the vertical direction, utilize control device to receive and gather the irradiating angle data of sunlight, in good time adjustment arrangement for deflecting and the rotational angle of slewing equipment, to ensure that solar panel is in the lighting angle vertical with sunlight all the time.It adopts in frame, arranges the arrangement for deflecting of screw rod transmission and the technical scheme of gear-driven slewing equipment respectively, overcomes the follow-up mechanism complex structure of existing device of solar generating, the defect that the narrow precision of following range is low.

Description

Be applied to the angular adjustment apparatus of device of solar generating

Technical field

The utility model is a kind of device of solar generating, particularly relates to a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating.

Background technology

Existing solar tracking device, although accurate expensive for observing the tracking means of solar activity follow the tracks of, the ubiquitous problem of tracking means of other types is that precision is poor, and some solar tracking device theory structures are complicated.The tracking means of clock type and program control also exists accumulated error and can not automatically eliminate, and photoelectric type tracking means is followed the tracks of more accurate, and principle is simple, easily realizes, but can not follow the tracks of solar motion continuously.

Utility model content

For above deficiency, the utility model provides a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating, and its structure is simple, and following range is wide and precision is high, realizes the omnidirectional tracking of device of solar generating to sunlight.

To achieve these goals, a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating, it comprises frame and control device, also comprise rack-mounted solar panel and transfer, solar panel is positioned at the top of frame, transfer is positioned at the lower position of solar panel, transfer regulates solar panel rotation in the horizontal direction and the rotation of in the vertical direction, utilize control device to receive and gather the irradiating angle data of sunlight, in good time adjustment arrangement for deflecting and the rotational angle of slewing equipment, to ensure that solar panel is in the lighting angle vertical with sunlight all the time.

In order to implementation structure optimization, its further measure is:

Transfer comprises arrangement for deflecting and slewing equipment, the screw mandrel that arrangement for deflecting comprises the first drive motors, be coaxially connected with the first drive motors and the support bar that solar panel and screw mandrel are connected, rotated by the first drive motors rotating band movable wire bar, make the link of support bar and screw mandrel slide against on screw mandrel, rotate in the horizontal direction to drive solar panel.

Slewing equipment comprises the second drive motors, the driving gear be coaxially connected with the second drive motors, the driven gear engaged with driving gear and the rotating shaft for rotational deflection device and solar panel, driven gear and rotating shaft are coaxially arranged, rotating shaft and gantry rotation are installed, drive driving gear and driven gear to rotate by the second drive motors, drive arrangement for deflecting and solar panel in the vertical direction to rotate to make rotating shaft.

Control device is provided with control circuit, control circuit and optical signal acquisition device, first drive motors and the electrical connection of the second drive motors, gathered the irradiating angle data of sunlight by optical signal acquisition device after, by signal acquisition circuit to after data analysis, pulse signal is sent to the first drive motors and the second drive motors, pulse signal is converted into displacement of the lines or angular displacement by the first drive motors and the second drive motors, the first drive motors and the rotation step by step of the second drive motors is realized by pulse signal, to reach the rotational orientation accurately controlling solar panel.

Frame comprises support platform, support and base for supporting, and support platform is for being horizontally disposed with, and support is vertically arranged in support platform, and the bottom of support is fixedly connected with support platform, and base for supporting arranges the bottom of support platform.

The entire length of support bar is longer than the vertical range between solar panel and support platform, so that adjustment solar panel rotational angle in the horizontal direction.

First drive motors and the second drive motors are stepping motor.

The utility model adopts in frame, arranges the arrangement for deflecting of screw rod transmission and the technical scheme of gear-driven slewing equipment respectively, overcomes the follow-up mechanism complex structure of existing device of solar generating, the defect that the narrow precision of following range is low.

The beneficial effects of the utility model:

1) arrangement for deflecting is set to the mode of screw rod transmission, slewing equipment is set to gear-driven mode, and then control the angle adjustment of solar panel in four orientation, all directions, the tracking in each orientation is made to use the diverse kind of drive, therefore the first drive motors of adopting of arrangement for deflecting and slewing equipment and the second drive motors, the power that the stepping motor transmission that power can be utilized smaller is enough, reduces manufacturing cost and energy cost.

2) base for supporting is set to control cabinet, control device is installed concentratedly in control cabinet, better protect control device, make Stability Analysis of Structures of the present utility model compact.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;

In figure, 1, frame, 11, support platform, 12, support, 13, base for supporting, 2, solar panel, 3, arrangement for deflecting, the 31, first drive motors, 32, installing rack, 33, screw mandrel, 34, support bar, 35, slide block, 4, slewing equipment, the 41, second drive motors, 42, driving gear, 43, driven gear, 44, rotating shaft, 5, optical signal acquisition device.

Embodiment

Be further elaborated the utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, wherein, direction of the present utility model take Fig. 1 as standard.

With reference to Fig. 1, the angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating of the present utility model, it comprises frame 1, and the solar panel 2 be arranged in frame 1, transfer, optical signal acquisition device 5 and control device, solar panel 2 is positioned at the top of frame 1, to collect solar energy, transfer is installed on the lower position of solar panel 2, transfer is utilized to regulate rotation on solar panel 2 rotation in the horizontal direction and vertical direction, utilize control device to receive and gather the irradiating angle data of sunlight, carry out data processing, the rotational angle of in good time adjustment transfer, thus complete the adjustment of solar panel 2 in four orientation, all directions, to ensure that solar panel 2 is in the lighting angle vertical with sunlight all the time.

Frame 1 is tower structure, for installing other device of the present utility model, frame 1 adopts stainless steel to make, it comprises support platform 11, support 12 and base for supporting 13, and support platform 11 is for being horizontally disposed with, and support 12 is vertically arranged in support platform 11, and the bottom of support 12 is fixedly connected with support platform 11, base for supporting 13 arranges the bottom of support platform 11, and for supporting whole frame 1, base for supporting 13 can be set to control cabinet.

Solar panel 2 is arranged on the top of support 12, hinged between solar panel 2 and support 12, makes solar panel 2 with the top of support 12 for the strong point can rotate in the horizontal direction.

Transfer comprises arrangement for deflecting 3 and slewing equipment 4;

Arrangement for deflecting 3 is arranged in support platform 11, it comprises the first drive motors 31, installing rack 32, screw mandrel 33, support bar 34 and slide block 35, first drive motors 31 is set to stepping motor, the length direction of installing rack 32 and the output shaft of the first drive motors 31 to stretch out direction consistent, the center of installing rack 32 is provided with a mounting groove along its length, the inwall of mounting groove is provided with chute, chute extends along the length direction of installing rack 32, one end of screw mandrel 33 is coaxially connected with the output shaft of the first drive motors 31, the other end of screw mandrel 33 is erected on installing rack 32, thus make screw mandrel 33 entirety be arranged in installing rack 32 mounting groove and for being horizontally disposed with, the center of slide block 35 is provided with screw, the while that slide block 35 being threaded with screw mandrel 33 by screw, slide block 35 is for being slidedly arranged in chute, the top of support bar 34 is fixedly connected with solar panel 2, the bottom of support bar 34 is fixedly connected with slide block 35, the entire length of support bar 34 is longer than the vertical range between solar panel 2 and support platform 11, so that adjustment solar panel 2 rotational angle in the horizontal direction, namely the rotational angle on east-west direction, when the first drive motors 31 drives screw mandrel 33 to rotate on installing rack 32, length direction along screw mandrel 33 slides by slide block 35, support bar 34 pulls solar panel 2 to rotate in the horizontal direction simultaneously, thus the angle in adjustment solar panel 2 and solar light irradiation direction.

Slewing equipment 4 is arranged on the bottom position place of support platform 11, slewing equipment 4 comprises the second drive motors 41, driving gear 42, driven gear 43 and rotating shaft 44, second drive motors 41 is set to stepping motor, driving gear 42 and driven gear 43 are horizontal direction setting and driving gear 42 and driven gear 43 engage, the output shaft end that driving gear 42 is arranged on the second drive motors 41 is coaxially arranged, driven gear 43 is fixedly mounted in rotating shaft 44, rotating shaft 44 is installed vertically between support platform 11 and base for supporting 13, the top of rotating shaft 44 is fixedly connected with support platform 11, bottom and the base for supporting 13 of rotating shaft 44 are rotationally connected, when the output shaft rotation of the second drive motors 41, drive driven gear 43 rotates by driving gear 42, drive rotating shaft 44 simultaneously and support platform 11 in the vertical direction be fixedly connected with rotating shaft 44 rotate, namely the rotation on east-west direction, thus solar panel 2 in the vertical direction be installed on solar panel 2 is rotated.

Optical signal acquisition device 5 is photodiode, and optical signal acquisition device 5 is arranged on the marginal position place of solar panel 2, and parallel with solar panel 2.

Control device is installed in the control cabinet of base for supporting 13, control device is provided with control circuit, control circuit and optical signal acquisition device 5, first drive motors 31 and the second drive motors 41 are electrically connected, gathered the irradiating angle data of sunlight by optical signal acquisition device 5 after, by signal acquisition circuit to after data analysis, pulse signal is sent to the first drive motors 31 and the second drive motors 41, pulse signal is converted into displacement of the lines or angular displacement by the first drive motors 31 and the second drive motors 41, the first drive motors 31 and the second drive motors 41 rotation is step by step realized by pulse signal, to reach the rotational orientation accurately controlling solar panel 2.

The foregoing is only better embodiment of the present invention, the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned execution mode, the structural modification that local is small may be there is in implementation process, if do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention to various change of the present invention or modification, and belonging within claim of the present invention and equivalent technologies scope, then the present invention is also intended to comprise these change and modification.

Claims (7)

1. one kind is applied to the angular adjustment apparatus of device of solar generating, it comprises frame (1) and control device, it is characterized in that, it also comprises and is arranged on solar panel (2) in frame (1) and transfer, solar panel (2) is positioned at the top of frame (1), transfer is positioned at the lower position of solar panel (2), transfer regulates solar panel (2) rotation in the horizontal direction and the rotation of in the vertical direction, utilize control device to receive and gather the irradiating angle data of sunlight, in good time adjustment arrangement for deflecting (3) and the rotational angle of slewing equipment (4), to ensure that solar panel (2) is in the lighting angle vertical with sunlight all the time.
2. a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, transfer comprises arrangement for deflecting (3) and slewing equipment (4), arrangement for deflecting (3) comprises the first drive motors (31), with the coaxial screw mandrel (33) be connected of the first drive motors (31) and the support bar (34) that solar panel (2) and screw mandrel (33) are connected, rotated by the first drive motors (31) rotating band movable wire bar (33), support bar (34) is made to slide against on screw mandrel (33) with the link of screw mandrel (33), rotate in the horizontal direction to drive solar panel (2).
3. a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, slewing equipment (4) comprises the second drive motors (41), the driving gear (42) that be connected coaxial with the second drive motors (41), the driven gear (43) engaged with driving gear (42) and the rotating shaft (44) for rotational deflection device (3) and solar panel (2), driven gear (43) and rotating shaft (44) are coaxially arranged, rotating shaft (44) and frame (1) are rotated and are installed, driving gear (42) and driven gear (43) is driven to rotate by the second drive motors (41), arrangement for deflecting (3) and solar panel (2) in the vertical direction is driven to rotate to make rotating shaft (44).
4. a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, control device is provided with control circuit, control circuit and optical signal acquisition device (5), first drive motors (31) and the second drive motors (41) electrical connection, gathered the irradiating angle data of sunlight by optical signal acquisition device (5) after, by signal acquisition circuit to after data analysis, pulse signal is sent to the first drive motors (31) and the second drive motors (41), pulse signal is converted into displacement of the lines or angular displacement by the first drive motors (31) and the second drive motors (41), the first drive motors (31) and the second drive motors (41) rotation is step by step realized by pulse signal, to reach the rotational orientation accurately controlling solar panel (2).
5. a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, frame (1) comprises support platform (11), support (12) and base for supporting (13), support platform (11) is for being horizontally disposed with, support (12) is vertically arranged in support platform (11), and the bottom of support (12) is fixedly connected with support platform (11), base for supporting (13) arranges the bottom of support platform (11).
6. a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, the entire length of support bar (34) is longer than the vertical range between solar panel (2) and support platform (11), so that adjustment solar panel (2) rotational angle in the horizontal direction.
7. a kind of angular adjustment apparatus being applied to device of solar generating according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the first drive motors (31) and the second drive motors (41) are stepping motor.
CN201520068190.0U 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 Be applied to the angular adjustment apparatus of device of solar generating CN204392154U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520068190.0U CN204392154U (en) 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 Be applied to the angular adjustment apparatus of device of solar generating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520068190.0U CN204392154U (en) 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 Be applied to the angular adjustment apparatus of device of solar generating

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105406804A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 张帆 Solar power supply device with adjustable angular position and application method thereof
CN105406809A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 余炳强 Solar power supply device with adjustable angular position and indicating lamp, and application method thereof
CN105406808A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 张帆 Solar power supply device having adjustable angular position and provided with idler wheel and use method thereof
CN105406805A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 余炳强 Angular position adjustment device used for solar power generation panel and application method thereof
CN105490622A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-13 吴金千 Solar power supply apparatus provided with rolling wheels and with angular position adjustable, and use method for solar power supply apparatus
CN105490631A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-13 张帆 Adjustable-angular position photovoltaic power supply device with idler wheels and application method of photovoltaic power supply device
CN105553399A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-04 张帆 Shockproof solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus with adjustable angular positions and use method therefor
CN105571284A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-05-11 唐燕明 Chinese herbal medicine airing plate system with sun tracking function
CN105954792A (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-09-21 刘洋 Seismic exploration detection device based on internet of things
CN106160645A (en) * 2016-10-08 2016-11-23 顺德职业技术学院 The light-source automatic tracing apparatus of solar energy absorption plant
CN106656770A (en) * 2016-09-07 2017-05-10 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 Wireless bridge convenient to install and used for network communication engineering
CN107565891A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-01-09 赵晓晨 Photoelectric energy conversion device
CN107947712A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-04-20 宁波森赛威尔新能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar attachment that can automatically adjust angle
CN108667403A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-16 南安市创培电子科技有限公司 A kind of rotatable solar photovoltaic panel fixing device
CN108718820A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-11-02 合肥学院 A kind of solar energy planting greenhouse based on Internet of Things
CN108867397A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-11-23 卢莺莺 The installation method for improving of bridge construction mobile formwork

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105406804A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 张帆 Solar power supply device with adjustable angular position and application method thereof
CN105406809A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 余炳强 Solar power supply device with adjustable angular position and indicating lamp, and application method thereof
CN105406808A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 张帆 Solar power supply device having adjustable angular position and provided with idler wheel and use method thereof
CN105406805A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-03-16 余炳强 Angular position adjustment device used for solar power generation panel and application method thereof
CN105490622A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-13 吴金千 Solar power supply apparatus provided with rolling wheels and with angular position adjustable, and use method for solar power supply apparatus
CN105490631A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-04-13 张帆 Adjustable-angular position photovoltaic power supply device with idler wheels and application method of photovoltaic power supply device
CN105553399A (en) * 2015-12-21 2016-05-04 张帆 Shockproof solar photovoltaic power generation apparatus with adjustable angular positions and use method therefor
CN105571284A (en) * 2016-01-20 2016-05-11 唐燕明 Chinese herbal medicine airing plate system with sun tracking function
CN105954792A (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-09-21 刘洋 Seismic exploration detection device based on internet of things
CN106656770A (en) * 2016-09-07 2017-05-10 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 Wireless bridge convenient to install and used for network communication engineering
CN106656770B (en) * 2016-09-07 2019-09-13 深圳天通信息科技有限公司 A kind of wireless bridge being easily installed for network communication engineering
CN106160645A (en) * 2016-10-08 2016-11-23 顺德职业技术学院 The light-source automatic tracing apparatus of solar energy absorption plant
CN107565891A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-01-09 赵晓晨 Photoelectric energy conversion device
CN107947712A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-04-20 宁波森赛威尔新能源科技有限公司 A kind of solar attachment that can automatically adjust angle
CN108718820A (en) * 2018-05-10 2018-11-02 合肥学院 A kind of solar energy planting greenhouse based on Internet of Things
CN108667403A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-10-16 南安市创培电子科技有限公司 A kind of rotatable solar photovoltaic panel fixing device
CN108867397A (en) * 2018-08-13 2018-11-23 卢莺莺 The installation method for improving of bridge construction mobile formwork

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