CN204370562U - A kind of frame structure, frame structure body - Google Patents

A kind of frame structure, frame structure body Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204370562U
CN204370562U CN201420802760.XU CN201420802760U CN204370562U CN 204370562 U CN204370562 U CN 204370562U CN 201420802760 U CN201420802760 U CN 201420802760U CN 204370562 U CN204370562 U CN 204370562U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
framework
prefabricated
vertical
sheet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420802760.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张宏
朱宏宇
吴京
徐小东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Southeast University
Original Assignee
Southeast University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Southeast University filed Critical Southeast University
Priority to CN201420802760.XU priority Critical patent/CN204370562U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204370562U publication Critical patent/CN204370562U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A kind of frame structure, frame structure body, described frame structure is the combining structure connecting with at least two prefabricated framework vertical cartels or be connected to form with at least one prefabricated framework and other component vertical cartel.Frame structure comprises wall frame structure, sheet frame structure, wall panel frame structure.Described frame structure body is the space structure body formed as combining structure wherein using frame structure.With the frame structure body of frame structure composition, there is lightweight, that intensity is high, ductility is good structural performance, there is the construction performance that large part is prefabricated, quick assembling, convenience connect simultaneously, can so that the application of optimum organization Steel section member and concrete component, prestress reinforcement can be adopted flexibly, can so that building separates the configuration of body of wall and floor.The utility model can be widely used in various civilian construction, is particularly useful for housing construction, hospital architecture, hotel architecture, School Buildings.

Description

A kind of frame structure, frame structure body
Technical field
The utility model relates to building structure field, particularly relates to a kind of assembled component of prefabrication and assembly construction building structure, and with the architectural space structure of this component installaiton.
Background technology
As everyone knows, China builds at present, and the primary structure form of especially many, high-rise civil building is based on brick mix structure, frame construction, shear wall structure.These structures are all by the single bar shaped of shape, block shape or board type members, comprise beam, plate, wall, post, and be directly connected the space structure body formed.The stress morphology of structural element comprises tensile, compressive, bending, turns round, cuts.The mutual transmission that mode of transfer force between structure inner member is also tensile, compressive, bending, turn round, cut.Theoretical and the structure design of simple structure, directly combines beam, plate, wall, post solid memder, is connected to form space structure body exactly, to ensure that its entirety is stressed, stressed, the local pressure requirement of member stress, connection.
Not accommodatingly to doubt, this structure be connected to form with simple Component composition, have that its component is simple, clear and definite, stressed clear, the direct advantage of power transmission of classifying, structural model is simple, and structural calculation is convenient, and structure composition is clear and definite.If from simple mechanics, structure and static analysis, this structure design is justifiable.
Specify that the structure design of carrying out is built according to current specifications, the intersection of then main connecting portion all between component (i.e. the Nodes of regulation and stipulation), also must ensure that the internal force that a component produces must can pass to another component according to calculation requirement on stressed.In traditional structure, the internal force that most components produces at Nodes is all comparatively large, if the transmission of the power of guarantee, must carry out complexity and connect.
For frame construction, Vierendeel girder accepts linear load that floor passes over and gravity load, not only produce positive bending moment at span centre, produce hogging moment and vertical shear at bearing place simultaneously, structure design must ensure these bending and shearings simultaneously reliable delivery to frame column, and frame column is the vertical member responsive especially to moment of flexure, once bear moment of flexure, then bearing capacity can reduce greatly.So current specifications is to the process of the connected node of structure, and the Component composition relation of structure has done strict regulations, status requirement of as theoretical in strong column and weak beam, the strong weak Component Theory of node and bar connecting etc.
For reinforced concrete frame structure, the node of structure intersects formation primarily of frame column and Vierendeel girder, a frame column often connects three to four Vierendeel girders, reinforcing bar in the Vierendeel girder of multiple directions is up to tens of, all concentrate in node narrow space, connecting reinforcement needs certain anchorage length, and needs crotch process in node, more adds the reinforcing bar scale of construction in node space.Reinforcing bar stirs agglomerating unavoidably in node, if only by that concrete briquetting in node, has been difficult to weigh node strength by conventional concrete theory, is difficult in essence realize strong node (referring to frame construction arrangement of reinforcement picture in kind).Theoretical strong node often forms the node of actual fragility, and a lot of framework house in Wenchuan earthquake district destroys more serious than brick masonry structure building, and most brittle fracture, this phenomenon is worth thinking deeply about.
But according to the structure of component method assembling, component connects or the position of bar connecting is difficult to avoid the Nodes that component is crossing anyhow.And this connected mode, need to carry out complex node design in the structure manufacture stage, accurately make, and accurately connect at erection stage, component node make and installation accuracy requirement too high, tie point is also too discrete.Such as: the means of structural connection of existing reinforced concrete structure, mainly realize in the mode of bar splicing anchoring, also just require that the reinforcing bar in a component must go deep in another component, and must ensure that certain anchorage length realizes.Traditional method reserves a large amount of bar splice in an end of component at the production phase, at another end reserved steel bar jack, in the structure installment stage, the reserved steel bar of a component inserted in the preformed hole of another component, then carry out slip casting anchor connection.This connected mode thousands of tiny reinforcing bar inserted in thousands of tiny hole, reinforcing bar is also needed to the unmanageable more discrete operations such as slip casting anchoring, its degree of difficulty is difficult to the imagination, and bonding strength is more difficult to control.This just produces the most complicated position and produces the strongest stressed, and discrete connectivity problem occurs center-stage, and these connections cannot complete in the structure manufacture stage, and can only realize in the construction and installation stage.This is traditional structure, the contradiction especially between the design that faces of prefabricated assembly structural and construction and a difficult problem.
And for shear wall structure, because stiffness by itself is excessive, the seismic forces of generation is also excessive.Often waste according to the multilayer of existing shear wall Specification Design, little high-level structure, and due to shear wall structure rigidity excessive, the intensity increased is mostly is seismic loads that opposing produces due to weight and rigidity increase, and the Component composition connectivity problem of shear wall structure is often more complicated.
As everyone knows, the entirety of structure is stressed mainly comprises the vertical force produced by vertical load and the horizontal force produced with horizontal loading, and wherein vertical load mainly comprises structure dead load, mobile load; Horizontal loading mainly comprises wind load and seismic load.And structure dead load, mobile load, wind load and seismic load are two kinds of loads of different nature in itself, namely structure dead load, mobile load, wind load are the base loads that must occur, and seismic load is the preventative deposit load of accidental generation (and accidentally probability of happening is very low).
Traditional structural design is equal to base load and deposit load mostly to be treated, and carries out Load Combination and carries out designing, calculating.Which internal force this simple designs, computational methods, during specific to a component stressed, do not divide and produced by base load, and which internal force produces due to deposit load, but completely allow all components in structure can bear whole internal force simultaneously.
And the bending and shearing produced due to seismic forces is very large on the impact of vertical member (especially post component) bearing capacity, huge to the Moment Influence of beam, all must strengthen, stiffener meets force request.And often component is larger, rigidity is larger, and seismic forces is larger, strengthens while component and also increases member stress, can not effectively increase component active strength, and this is the main cause causing reinforced concrete structure often " fat beams and columns ".
When carrying out seismic design of structures, the horizontal loading that seismic forces is a kind of deposit in essence or estimates, at serviceability limit stage, this load does not occur.And in fact the probability of seismic load appearance is also little, and the horizontal force that the conventional design under current domestic specification does not produce the seismic forces that this probability of occurrence is very low, a kind of special component of design to lay in form configuration in the structure (as antidetonation part), and retains the structural form of serviceability limit stage.And often overstriking, increasing, all structural element of reinforcement (method comprise nothing but strengthen component, encryption arrangement of reinforcement).This mode, make Struture Earthquake Resistant Theory too fuzzy, seismic design object is indefinite, and measure is indefinite, and structural seismic measure and structure are too complicated.As same building structure is huge in the structural strength difference of 8 degree of Anti-Seismic Regions and 6 degree of Anti-Seismic Regions, quantity of reinforcement difference is huge.This is the antidetonation that probability of occurrence is very low, without forethought worth thinking deeply about for all integrally stiffened for normal configuration Struture Earthquake Resistant Theory.
If a design of building structures, can take two kinds of stressed hypothesis, load of namely providing fortification against earthquakes hypothesis and non-load hypothesis of providing fortification against earthquakes, obtain the structural strength under two kinds of stresses respectively.
1, Basic Design: under non-load assumed condition of providing fortification against earthquakes, obtain structural strength and component strength;
2, seismic design: obtain structural strength and component strength under loading condition of providing fortification against earthquakes;
If using the structure under Basic Design condition as basic structure, structure under seismic design condition is as earthquake resistant structure, namely can be used on a kind of special antidetonation part of configuration in basic structure and form the method design of earthquake resistant structure, namely the structural form of basic structure is maintained, highlight again the essential characteristic of earthquake resistant structure, not only allow structure design thinking more clear, seismic design object is clearer and more definite, anti-seismic construction and method more clear, and can take that structural seismic is strengthened to the more effective component of seismic forces and arrange; The classification of basic structure component and earthquake resistant structure component also clearer and more definite, member function is clearer and more definite; The thinking of designer is more clear, and structure structure is perhaps simpler, and structure building continues more convenient.Current domestic conventional structure design, not yet finds this structural system being applicable to be undertaken by the method for independent Basic Design, independent seismic design structure design.
As everyone knows, current architecture configuration still difficulty avoids concrete floor, and ordinary concrete floor is as a kind of square board type members, and specification is all very large, and especially large spatial structure, size is all at 4-8 meters in length and breadth for floor, and thickness is all more than 150mm.This thick, large, heavy concrete building board member, because of carrying, transport, lifting reason, obviously disposable prefabrication and assembly construction can not be realized, again because the top arrangement of reinforcement of floor and the overlap joint of bottom arrangement of reinforcement can not in same regions, this is just difficult to realize the simple partitioned mode of floor member and assembles.The thick and heavy of floor greatly adds structural burden, also causes structure building difficulty simultaneously.
The building structure of tradition prefabrication and assembly construction, often Simple Member directly in place on station, location, and carries out labyrinth connection.Such as, prefabrication and assembly construction frame construction, posting trestle and Vierendeel girder, tall and big, thick and heavy frame column and Vierendeel girder are accurately located in high-altitude and is connected, must realize by thick and heavy frock, difficulty of construction is well imagined, this is also the reason that traditional prefabricated assembly structural is difficult to promote in a large amount of building.
A large amount of civilian construction, as housing construction, hospital architecture, School Buildings, office building, do not need too large wide open space at present, and very high to space segregation requirement, comprise sound isolation requirement, fire protection requirement etc.As set up compartment wall in high, large structure space, as not having supplementary structure, domestic conventional compartments body of wall, adopts thick and heavy masonry way mostly, is difficult to and anatomical connectivity.
Bolt is connected to manufacturing and is proved to be the most reliable method of attachment already, and in the present building structure directly formed with simple component, especially reinforced concrete structure field, is all difficult to realize bolt and connects.
According to a large amount of observing, research, to analyze, solve the connectivity problem of prefabricated assembly structural reinforced concrete structure, not necessarily directly connect realization in traditionally thoughtcast.If a kind of structure can be found, Bar Anchorage connectivity problem can be completed in the prefabricated units stage, and anatomical connectivity bolt is solved, then effectively can avoid a lot of problems that present prefabricated assembly structural faces.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of frame structure, frame structure body, object is effectively to solve traditional structure, the technical problem that the structure manufacture of especially reinforced concrete prefabricated assembly structure is scattered, installation in position is difficult, anatomical connectivity is complicated, and it is thick and heavy to solve reinforced concrete structure, and anti-seismic construction is complicated, the unsharp technical problem of seismic measures.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts:
This frame structure is the combining structure connecting with at least two prefabricated framework vertical cartels or be connected to form with at least one prefabricated framework and other component vertical cartel; Described frame structure comprises wall frame structure, sheet frame structure, wall panel frame structure;
Described prefabricated framework is that the rectangle frame mutually enclosed with four side jamb rods is directly formed, or in described rectangle frame, be also fixed with at least one inside casing bar entirety is formed; The side jamb rod of described prefabricated framework is distributed with connecting hole by spacing; Wall framework is formed when prefabricated framework is vertically arranged; When prefabricated framework is horizontally disposed with, form sheet frame part;
Described wall frame structure is the combining structure connecting with at least two mutual vertical cartels of wall framework or be connected to form with at least one wall framework and the mutual vertical cartel of other perpendicular component; Other perpendicular component described comprises beam, post component, wall member wherein one or more;
Described sheet frame structure is fixed on perpendicular top with sheet frame part, and the combining structure that mutual vertical cartel is connected to form; Described perpendicular component comprises beam, post component, wall member wherein one or more;
Described wall panel frame structure is fixed on wall framework or wall frame structure top with sheet frame part, and the combining structure that mutual vertical cartel is connected to form.
Described wall frame structure is L shape wall frame structure, the T-shaped wall frame structure that two mutual vertical cartels of wall framework are connected to form, or be the T-shaped wall frame structure that three mutual vertical cartels of wall framework are connected to form, or be that the cross wall frame structure that is connected to form of four mutual vertical cartels of wall framework or four sides enclose wall frame structure.
Described wall frame structure to be mutually connected the framework composition structure formed by least one wall framework and at least one framework; Described framework to be connected the structural frame formed by least two post components and a beam.
Described sheet frame structure is the L shaped plate frame structure that is connected to form of at least one sheet frame part and perpendicular component vertical cartel or T-shaped sheet frame structure.
Connection between described prefabricated framework is for directly connecting or building connection;
Described direct connection is connected by two prefabricated frameworks with bolt, to be welded to connect or anchor connection is formed;
Described to build connection be reserved with interval between two prefabricated frameworks, connects at interval with bolt shape, and concreting is formed in interval.
Connecting hole diameter on the side jamb rod of described prefabricated framework is greater than the diameter of bolt; After passing through bolt, in preformed hole, be perfused with concrete or mortar, form perfusion and be tightly connected; Described connecting hole forms fine setting hole.
Described prefabricated framework is steel framework part, concrete framework or Steel concrete combination framework;
Described side jamb rod and inside casing bar are square steel pipe frame bar, square concrete frame bar or square tube concrete frame bar.
Oblique pull lock or diagonal member formation static determinacy frame is also connected with in the rectangle frame of described prefabricated framework.
This with the frame structure body of frame structure composition, described frame structure body is the space structure body formed as combining structure wherein using frame structure; The wherein a kind of combining structure in wall frame structure, sheet frame structure, wall panel frame structure is comprised in described frame structure body;
Corresponding with the frame structure type of composition frame structure body, described frame structure body is wall frame structure body, sheet frame structure body and wall panel frame structure body.
The vertical frame bar of the wall framework in described frame structure body forms frame column; Level forms Vierendeel girder to side jamb rod; Inside casing bar forms pilaster; Combination pilaster or combo box trestle is formed when the vertical side jamb rod of two adjacent wall frameworks is connected mutually.
The side jamb rod of the sheet frame part in described frame structure body and inside casing bar form plate-girder; Flitch girder is formed when the side jamb rod of two adjacent panels frameworks is connected mutually; When the side jamb rod of sheet frame part and the level of wall framework are connected mutually to side jamb rod, form Composite frame beam.
Be reserved with interval between described two prefabricated frameworks mutually combined, and in clearance space, be configured with beam or post arrangement of reinforcement, then during concreting, form Cast-in-situ Beam or column combination frame structure body.
Described prefabricated framework is reserved with dowel, and described dowel is dowel or the outer dowel of frame in frame.
Described frame structure body is basic subrack structure body or antidetonation frame structure body; Described basic subrack structure body is connected by basic framework to be formed, and described antidetonation frame structure body is connected by antidetonation framework to be formed;
Described basic framework is according to the prefabricated framework without seismic forces design forming;
Described antidetonation framework designs according to there being seismic forces, and in basic framework, add the prefabricated framework of antidetonation part formation;
Described antidetonation part comprises and adds the inside casing bar be located in basic subrack part, vertical pull bar, diagonal member, or after-pouring concrete is formed in former framework.
When described frame structure body forms more than two layers iterative structure bodies, between the wall framework of described upper box structure body and the corresponding wall framework of lower box structure body, there is vertical pull bar; The connecting hole that described vertical pull bar passes through on the horizontal side jamb rod of wall framework forms vertical series winding, and is connected to form with bolton;
When vertical pull bar in addition prestressing force time, form prestressing force and connect.
Be configured with prestress reinforcement in the sheet frame part of described frame structure body, form prestressed slab framework.
Be filled with concrete in the wall framework of described frame structure body and form shear wall, described frame structure body forms frame structure-shear wall structure body.
Described sheet frame structure there is extra flap, forms floor structure;
Described wall frame structure there is additional wallboard, forms wall dividing plate;
Described wall panel frame structure there are extra flap and additional wallboard;
Described extra flap or additional wallboard are precast channel slab.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1, prefabricated framework:
The prefabricated framework be connected to form by the mutual vertical cartel of frame bar is the integration component of a kind of frame face form.Prefabricated framework is different according to configuration, the vertical load in plane and horizontal loading can be born, also out-of-plane moment load can be born, the configuration of frame bar can be carried out according to stress morphology and meet load bearing requirements, especially can configure brace in frame, can ensure that prefabricated framework entirety realizes multinomial stressed, can each single frame bar realized in framework be realized linearly stressed again, avoid moment of flexure, Each performs its own functions to allow each frame bar, meets overall force request.
Prefabricated framework is horizontally disposed with and then forms sheet frame part, can vertical distributiver load outside load plane, forms floor flexural member.Prefabricated framework is vertically arranged, then can form wall framework, can bear vertical line load and horizon load.
In the structure, prefabricated framework is the concentrated combined member of vertical structure and horizontal structure in itself, greatly alleviates body of wall and the floor weight of traditional structure, improves structural entity bearing capacity, also can configure attachment wallboard and floor formation segmentation of structures space simultaneously.
Prefabricated framework high-strength light, can be prefabricated into large-scale combined component, realizes quick prefabricated, fast hoisting, Fast Installation, connects and build up overall structure fast.
Prefabricated framework can adopt shaped steel, square steel, concrete material flexibly, and can according to the optimum organization between performance requirement different shaped Steel concrete, to give full play to the performance advantage of steel beam column, concrete component.
Connection between frame bar can complete at prefabrication phase, and avoid carrying out complexity at erection stage and connect, especially when making concrete framework, reinforcing bar can convenient, flexible mutual anchor connection, guarantees the bulk strength of component, plays the advantage of precast unit.Particularly can realize steel framework bar to be connected with the flexible combination of concrete frame bar, make the composite member of Steel concrete of high-strength light, with optimum combination, the most high-effect, minimum weight, maximum intensity, most strong ties, meet the every load bearing requirements of structure.
Prefabricated framework can be produced with high-effect, high production capacity batch production, mold, equipmentization, transport, and both can produce in building site, also in Workshop Production, can meet the prefabricated requirement of different operating mode.
2, combo box structure:
The utility model proposes the concept of frame structure, not only highlight the prefabricated property of structure, the more important thing is the associativity and connectivity that highlight structure, especially carry out the optimum organization of Steel concrete component, prefabricated connection and install be connected optimum organization, anchor connection and mechanical connection optimum organization, the optimum organization of vertical member and horizontal member, becomes Simple Member optimum organization frame face combining structure, three-dimensional, the space combination structure of composite force.
In frame structure, prefabricated framework can realize multidirectional connection, comprise between vertical member connect, the connection between horizontal member, vertical member be connected mutually with horizontal member, and the connecting hole of side jamb rod and can conveniently realize being mechanically connected.
The combo box structure be mutually combined to form by prefabricated framework is a kind of trussed construction that can continue to be connected in essence.The advantage of frame structure is the simple stress complicated applied force of structural element being converted to truss member, labyrinth is connected and converts simple structure connection to.
With prefabricated framework be connected formed combo box structure, integrated for single linear component frame surface member, scattered component composition integration component, scattered reinforced component anchor connection is converted to simple and mechanical connection, the complicated applied force of solid memder is converted to the combination stressed of integration component, overall structure is connected the prefabricated connection and the construction phase assembly connection that convert prefabrication phase to, single little and heavy prefabricated units are converted to large and light prefabricated component, facilitate prefabricated, convenient installation, convenient connection, strengthen structural entity intensity simultaneously, improve the ductility of structure.
In frame structure, the frame bar of prefabricated framework is mutually connected and defines combined structural member.Combined structural member comprises combining structure post, combining structure beam, combining structure body of wall, not only can realize directly being connected, most importantly can realize building being connected, and by building connection, the tiny frame bar optimum organization of prefabricated framework is formed high-strength combination structural member, local load bearing requirements can be met, overall structure load bearing requirements can be met simultaneously.
3, frame structure body:
Frame structure body is the space structure body formed as combining structure wherein using frame structure.The basic building block forming frame structure body is prefabricated framework and is mutually connected the combo box structure formed by prefabricated framework.
Prefabricated framework is a kind of frame face truss in essence, when prefabricated framework is vertically arranged, and when combining in an axis, forms same frame face composite roof truss; Form vertical frame face composite roof truss during the mutual vertical cartel of prefabricated framework, and the three-dimensional composite roof truss mutually enclosing frame face can be formed.So the vertical structure formed with the mutual vertical cartel of prefabricated framework, be the frame face truss stereochemical structure that is assembled unit with frame structure in essence.
In frame structure body, when the frame bar of prefabricated framework is connected mutually, form combining structure component.Comprising the coupled column component, the compound wall component that are formed of being mutually connected with wall framework, the compound beam component that wall framework and sheet frame part are combined to form mutually.So frame structure body is also by the longitudinal and transverse connection between the beam be mutually combined to form, plate, wall column and flat, the perpendicular space truss structure be connected to form in essence.
The compound beam formed in frame structure body, plate, wall, post component, both directly can combine, be mechanically connected, and especially can realize building combination, mechanical connection.The casting space of formation reserved by framework, formed in length and breadth, flat perpendicular solid space builds band in structure, by mechanical connection, combining framework and adjacent frame bar reliably forms entirety.When casting space reserves beam, column space, the space structure body with Cast-in-situ Beam, post can be formed.
If a design of building structures, two kinds of stressed hypothesis can be taked namely to have seismic forces to suppose and without seismic forces hypothesis, obtain the structural strength under two kinds of stresses respectively.1, Basic Design: according to the structure without seismic forces assumed condition design forming as basic structure.2, seismic design: according to having the structure of seismic forces assumed condition design forming as earthquake resistant structure.Then can clear judgement basic structure and earthquake resistant structure difference and contact, namely can be used on a kind of special antidetonation part of configuration in basic structure and form earthquake resistant structure, namely maintain the structural form of basic structure, highlight again the essential characteristic of earthquake resistant structure.Not only allow structure design thinking more clear, seismic design object is clearer and more definite, anti-seismic construction and method more clear, and can take that structural seismic is strengthened to the more effective component of seismic forces and arrange.The classification of basic structure component and earthquake resistant structure component also clearer and more definite, member function is clearer and more definite.The thinking of designer is more clear, and structure structure is perhaps simpler, and structure building continues more convenient.Current domestic conventional structure design, not yet finds this structural system being applicable to be undertaken by the method for independent Basic Design, independent seismic design structure design.
In sum, frame structure body of the present utility model, there is lightweight, that intensity is high, ductility is good structural performance, there is the construction performance that large part is prefabricated, quick assembling, convenience connect simultaneously, can so that the application of optimum organization Steel section member and concrete component, prestress reinforcement can be adopted flexibly, can so that building separates the configuration of body of wall and floor.
The utility model can be widely used in various civilian construction, is particularly useful for the heavy type structure of multilayer, high residential building, hospital architecture, hotel architecture, School Buildings etc.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of wall framework.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of sheet frame part.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of L shape wall frame structure.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of T-shaped wall frame structure.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation enclosing wall frame structure.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of framework composition wall frame structure.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation enclosing wall frame structure.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of wall panel frame structure body one.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of wall panel frame structure body two.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of wall panel frame structure body three.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the wall panel frame structure body with extra flap and additional wallboard.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of sheet frame structure body.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of wall frame structure body.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the frame structure body with vertical connecting rod and presstressed reinforcing steel.
Reference numeral: 1-wall framework, 1.1-side jamb rod, 1.2-inside casing bar, 1.3-connecting hole, 1.4-diagonal member, 2-sheet frame part, 2.1-side jamb rod, 2.2-inside casing bar, 2.3-connecting hole, 3-beam, 4-post component, 5-wall member, 6-bolt, 7-concrete, 8-floor, the vertical pull bar of 9-, 10-prestress reinforcement, 11-add wallboard, 12-extra flap.
detailed description of the invention
Embodiment is see shown in Fig. 1-7, and described frame structure is the combining structure connecting with at least two prefabricated framework vertical cartels or be connected to form with at least one prefabricated framework and other component vertical cartel; Described frame structure comprises wall frame structure, sheet frame structure, wall panel frame structure.
Shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, described prefabricated framework is that the rectangle frame mutually enclosed with four side jamb rods is directly formed, or in described rectangle frame, be also fixed with at least one inside casing bar entirety is formed; The side jamb rod of described prefabricated framework is distributed with connecting hole by spacing; Wall framework 1 is formed when prefabricated framework is vertically arranged; When prefabricated framework is horizontally disposed with, form sheet frame part 2.
Described prefabricated framework is steel framework part, concrete framework or Steel concrete combination framework.
Described side jamb rod and inside casing bar are square steel pipe frame bar, square concrete frame bar or square tube concrete frame bar.
Shown in Fig. 3-5, the connection between described prefabricated framework is for directly connecting or building connection.
Described direct connection is connected with bolt 6 by two prefabricated frameworks, to be welded to connect or anchor connection is formed.
Described to build connection be reserved with interval between two prefabricated frameworks, form interval and connect, and concreting 7 formed in interval with bolt 6.
Shown in Figure 1, the connecting hole diameter on the side jamb rod of described prefabricated framework is greater than bolt 6 diameter; After passing through bolt, in preformed hole, be perfused with concrete or mortar, form perfusion and be tightly connected; Described connecting hole forms fine setting hole.
Shown in Figure 1, also can be connected with oblique pull lock or diagonal member formation static determinacy frame in the rectangle frame of described prefabricated framework.
Shown in Fig. 3-7, described wall frame structure is the combining structure connecting with the mutual vertical cartel of at least two wall frameworks 1 or be connected to form with the mutual vertical cartel of other perpendicular component with at least one wall framework 1; Other perpendicular component described comprises beam 3, post component 3, wall member 5 wherein one or more.
Shown in Figure 3, described wall frame structure is the L shape wall frame structure that the mutual vertical cartel of two wall frameworks 1 is connected to form.
Shown in Figure 4, described wall frame structure is the T-shaped wall frame structure that the mutual vertical cartel of two wall frameworks 1 is connected to form.
Shown in Figure 5, described wall frame structure is that seven wall frameworks 1 day font that vertical cartel is connected to form mutually encloses wall frame structure.
Shown in Figure 6, described wall frame structure is that two wall frameworks 1 and two frameworks are connected the framework combined structure formed mutually, and described framework to be connected the structural frame formed by least two post components 4 and a beam 3.
Shown in Figure 7, described wall frame structure be two wall frameworks 1 and two beams 3 and four wall members 5 mutually vertical cartel be connected to form enclose wall frame structure.
Shown in Figure 12, described sheet frame structure is fixed on perpendicular top with sheet frame part 2, and the combining structure that mutual vertical cartel is connected to form; Described perpendicular component comprises beam 3, post component 4, wall member 5 wherein one or more.
Sheet frame structure body in Figure 12 is formed using sheet frame structure as its combining structure.Sheet frame structure is connected to form by two sheet frame parts 2 and two framework vertical cartels.
Shown in Fig. 8-10, described wall panel frame structure is fixed on wall framework 1 or wall frame structure top with sheet frame part 2, and the combining structure that mutual vertical cartel is connected to form.
Wall panel frame structure body in Fig. 8-10 is formed using wall panel frame structure as its combining structure.Wall panel frame structure is all be fixed on wall frame structure top with sheet frame part 2, and vertical cartel is connected to form mutually.
Shown in Fig. 8-14, described frame structure body is the space structure body formed as combining structure wherein using frame structure, comprises the wherein a kind of combining structure in wall frame structure, sheet frame structure, wall panel frame structure in described frame structure body.
Corresponding with the frame structure type of composition frame structure body, described frame structure body is wall frame structure body, sheet frame structure body and wall panel frame structure body.
The vertical frame bar of the wall framework 1 in described frame structure body forms frame column; Level forms Vierendeel girder to side jamb rod; Inside casing bar forms pilaster; Combination pilaster or combo box trestle is formed when the vertical side jamb rod of two adjacent wall frameworks 1 is connected mutually.
Side jamb rod 2.1 and the inside casing bar 2.2 of the sheet frame part 2 in described frame structure body form plate-girder; Flitch girder is formed when the side jamb rod 2.1 of two adjacent panels frameworks is connected mutually; When the side jamb rod 2.1 of sheet frame part 2 is connected to side jamb rod mutually with the level of wall framework 1, form Composite frame beam.
Between described two prefabricated frameworks mutually combined, be reserved with interval, and in clearance space, be configured with beam or post arrangement of reinforcement, then during concreting, form Cast-in-situ Beam or column combination frame structure body.
In the wall framework 1 of described frame structure body, be filled with concrete form shear wall, described frame structure body forms frame structure-shear wall structure body.
Described prefabricated framework can be reserved with dowel, and described dowel is dowel or the outer dowel of frame in frame.
Shown in Figure 10,14, in the sheet frame part 2 of described frame structure body, be configured with prestress reinforcement 10, form prestressed slab framework.
Shown in Figure 11, described wall panel frame structure there are extra flap 12 and additional wallboard 11.Described extra flap or additional wallboard are precast channel slab.
Shown in Figure 14, described frame structure body is basic subrack structure body or antidetonation frame structure body; Described basic subrack structure body is connected by basic framework to be formed, and described antidetonation frame structure body is connected by antidetonation framework to be formed.
Described basic framework is according to the prefabricated framework without seismic forces design forming.
Described antidetonation framework designs according to there being seismic forces, and in basic framework, add the prefabricated framework of antidetonation part formation.Described antidetonation part comprises and adds the inside casing bar be located in basic subrack part, vertical pull bar, diagonal member, or after-pouring concrete is formed in former framework.
Shown in Figure 14, when described frame structure body forms more than two layers iterative structure bodies, between the wall framework 1 of described upper box structure body and the corresponding wall framework 1 of lower box structure body, there is vertical pull bar 9; The connecting hole that described vertical pull bar 9 passes through on the horizontal side jamb rod of wall framework 1 1.1 forms vertical series winding, and is fastenedly connected formation with bolt 6.
When vertical pull bar in addition prestressing force time, form prestressing force and connect.
The method for prefabricating of this frame structure body, comprises the steps:
Step 1, the dry wall framework 1 making formation series and sheet frame part 2;
Step 2, while making wall framework and sheet frame part, reserved form mutually corresponding connecting hole.
The construction method of this frame structure body, comprises the construction method of wall frame structure body construction method, sheet frame structure body construction method and panel assembly frame structure body.
Shown in Figure 13, the construction method of described wall frame structure body comprises the steps:
Step 1, by wall framework 1 and wall framework 1 mutually vertical cartel is connected, or wall framework 1 and other vertical member vertical cartels are connected to form the vertical structure forming and enclose;
Step 2, continue at described vertical structure top floor 8 structure that is connected, form wall frame structure body; Join shown in Figure 12, the construction method of described sheet frame structure body comprises the steps:
Step 1, be connected vertical member vertical structure mutually that formed and enclose;
Step 2, form sheet frame structure body enclosing the top installing plate framework 2 of vertical structure and be mutually connected.
Shown in Fig. 8-10, the construction method of described wall panel frame structure body comprises the steps:
Step 1, wall framework 1 to be connected with wall framework 1 vertical cartel, or wall framework 1 is connected to form with other vertical member vertical cartels the vertical structure enclosed;
Step 2, continue installing plate framework 2 and be mutually connected to form wall panel frame structure body at vertical structure top.

Claims (18)

1. a frame structure, is characterized in that:
Described frame structure is the combining structure connecting with at least two prefabricated framework vertical cartels or be connected to form with at least one prefabricated framework and other component vertical cartel; Described frame structure comprises wall frame structure, sheet frame structure, wall panel frame structure;
Described prefabricated framework is that the rectangle frame mutually enclosed with four side jamb rods is directly formed, or in described rectangle frame, be also fixed with at least one inside casing bar entirety is formed; The side jamb rod of described prefabricated framework is distributed with connecting hole by spacing; Wall framework (1) is formed when prefabricated framework is vertically arranged; When prefabricated framework is horizontally disposed with, form sheet frame part (2);
Described wall frame structure is the combining structure connecting with the mutual vertical cartel of at least two wall frameworks (1) or be connected to form with at least one wall framework (1) and the mutual vertical cartel of other perpendicular component; Other perpendicular component described comprises beam (3), post component (3), wall member (5) wherein one or more;
Described sheet frame structure is fixed on perpendicular top with sheet frame part (2), and the combining structure that mutual vertical cartel is connected to form; Described perpendicular component comprises beam (3), post component (4), wall member (5) wherein one or more;
Described wall panel frame structure is fixed on wall framework (1) or wall frame structure top with sheet frame part (2), and the combining structure that mutual vertical cartel is connected to form.
2. frame structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described wall frame structure is L shape wall frame structure, the T-shaped wall frame structure that the mutual vertical cartel of two wall frameworks (1) is connected to form, or be three wall frameworks (1) mutually T-shaped wall frame structures of being connected to form of vertical cartel, or be that the cross wall frame structure that is connected to form of vertical cartel or four sides enclose wall frame structure to four wall frameworks (1) mutually.
3. frame structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described wall frame structure to be mutually connected the framework composition structure formed by least one wall framework (1) and at least one framework; Described framework to be connected the structural frame formed by least two post components (4) and a beam (3).
4. frame structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
The described sheet frame structure L shaped plate frame structure that to be at least one sheet frame part (2) be connected to form with a perpendicular component vertical cartel or T-shaped sheet frame structure.
5. frame structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Connection between described prefabricated framework is for directly connecting or building connection;
Described direct connection is connected with bolt (6) by two prefabricated frameworks, to be welded to connect or anchor connection is formed;
Described to build connection be reserved with interval between two prefabricated frameworks, form interval and connect, and concreting (7) formed in interval with bolt (6).
6. frame structure as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that:
Connecting hole diameter on the side jamb rod of described prefabricated framework is greater than bolt (6) diameter; After passing through bolt, in preformed hole, be perfused with concrete or mortar, form perfusion and be tightly connected; Described connecting hole forms fine setting hole.
7. frame structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described prefabricated framework is steel framework part, concrete framework or Steel concrete combination framework;
Described side jamb rod and inside casing bar are square steel pipe frame bar, square concrete frame bar or square tube concrete frame bar.
8. frame structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Oblique pull lock or diagonal member formation static determinacy frame is also connected with in the rectangle frame of described prefabricated framework.
9., with a frame structure body for claim 1 to 8 any one frame structure composition, it is characterized in that:
Described frame structure body is the space structure body formed as combining structure wherein using frame structure; The wherein a kind of combining structure in wall frame structure, sheet frame structure, wall panel frame structure is comprised in described frame structure body;
Corresponding with the frame structure type of composition frame structure body, described frame structure body is wall frame structure body, sheet frame structure body and wall panel frame structure body.
10. frame structure body as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
The vertical frame bar of the wall framework (1) in described frame structure body forms frame column; Level forms Vierendeel girder to side jamb rod; Inside casing bar forms pilaster; Combination pilaster or combo box trestle is formed when the vertical side jamb rod of two adjacent wall frameworks (1) is connected mutually.
11. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
The side jamb rod (2.1) of the sheet frame part (2) in described frame structure body and inside casing bar (2.2) form plate-girder; Flitch girder is formed when the side jamb rod (2.1) of two adjacent panels frameworks is connected mutually; When the side jamb rod (2.1) of sheet frame part (2) is connected to side jamb rod mutually with the level of wall framework (1), form Composite frame beam.
12. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Be reserved with interval between described two prefabricated frameworks mutually combined, and in clearance space, be configured with beam or post arrangement of reinforcement, then during concreting, form Cast-in-situ Beam or column combination frame structure body.
13. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Described prefabricated framework is reserved with dowel, and described dowel is dowel or the outer dowel of frame in frame.
14. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Described frame structure body is basic subrack structure body or antidetonation frame structure body; Described basic subrack structure body is connected by basic framework to be formed, and described antidetonation frame structure body is connected by antidetonation framework to be formed;
Described basic framework is according to the prefabricated framework without seismic forces design forming;
Described antidetonation framework designs according to there being seismic forces, and in basic framework, add the prefabricated framework of antidetonation part formation;
Described antidetonation part comprises and adds the inside casing bar be located in basic subrack part, vertical pull bar, diagonal member, or after-pouring concrete is formed in former framework.
15. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
When described frame structure body forms more than two layers iterative structure bodies, between the wall framework (1) of described upper box structure body and the corresponding wall framework (1) of lower box structure body, there is vertical pull bar (9); The connecting hole that described vertical pull bar (9) is passed through on wall framework (1) horizontal side jamb rod (1.1) forms vertical series winding, and is fastenedly connected formation with bolt (6);
When vertical pull bar in addition prestressing force time, form prestressing force and connect.
16. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Be configured with prestress reinforcement (10) in the sheet frame part (2) of described frame structure body, form prestressed slab framework.
17. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Be filled with concrete in the wall framework (1) of described frame structure body and form shear wall, described frame structure body forms frame structure-shear wall structure body.
18. frame structure bodies as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Described sheet frame structure there is extra flap (12), form floor structure;
Described wall frame structure there is additional wallboard (11), forms wall dividing plate;
Described wall panel frame structure there are extra flap (12) and additional wallboard (11);
Described extra flap or additional wallboard are precast channel slab.
CN201420802760.XU 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of frame structure, frame structure body Expired - Fee Related CN204370562U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420802760.XU CN204370562U (en) 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of frame structure, frame structure body

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420802760.XU CN204370562U (en) 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of frame structure, frame structure body

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204370562U true CN204370562U (en) 2015-06-03

Family

ID=53326794

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420802760.XU Expired - Fee Related CN204370562U (en) 2014-12-18 2014-12-18 A kind of frame structure, frame structure body

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204370562U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104499567A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-08 东南大学 Frame structure, frame structure assembly and prefabricating and constructing methods of frame structure assembly
CN105019555A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-04 陕西昊兴房屋工程有限公司 Novel steel reinforced concrete shearing wallboard fabricated building system
CN106894508A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-06-27 寿光市远大建筑有限公司 A kind of flooring combines framework

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104499567A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-08 东南大学 Frame structure, frame structure assembly and prefabricating and constructing methods of frame structure assembly
CN105019555A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-11-04 陕西昊兴房屋工程有限公司 Novel steel reinforced concrete shearing wallboard fabricated building system
CN106894508A (en) * 2017-02-03 2017-06-27 寿光市远大建筑有限公司 A kind of flooring combines framework

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104499567B (en) Frame structure, frame structure assembly and prefabricating and constructing methods of frame structure assembly
CN104929281A (en) Steel bar truss stiffened steel concrete composite shear wall
Styles et al. Effects of joint rotational stiffness on structural responses of multi-story modular buildings
CN106677336A (en) Connecting joint structure of square concrete filled steel tubular column and I-shaped section steel beam
CN204370562U (en) A kind of frame structure, frame structure body
CN105064529A (en) Prefabricated and assembled large-board shear wall structure with concealed bracings
CN111411693A (en) Assembly and pouring integrated shear wall structure building system
CN107816126A (en) A kind of embedded prefabricated post of assembly concrete and prefabricated balcony
CN103410217B (en) A kind of assembling many Tall Steels shaped pile frame-prestressing force eccentrical braces
CN109083308B (en) Anti-seismic prefabricated assembly type wall and construction method thereof
CN2878563Y (en) Two-way pre-stressed floor/roofing and wall body laminated hollow plate
Gasii Connections systems of the composite cable space frame
CN103276801B (en) A kind of assembling many Tall Steels shaped pile frame-prestressing force center support system
CN204266370U (en) Prefabricated SRC-S-RC post beam shear wall supports floor assembling system
CN204691011U (en) The steel concrete compound shear wall that steel bar girder is put more energy into
CN110685359B (en) Wallboard and steel beam slidable connection joint structure and construction method thereof
CN204983213U (en) Dark big board shear wall structure that supports in prefabricated assembled area
CN111980297A (en) Assembled section steel externally-wrapped concrete combined special-shaped column and construction method thereof
CN106088398A (en) A kind of combined wall board
CN111021532A (en) Assembly type combined structure system and implementation method thereof
CN104631629A (en) Assembling type frame structure
CN202248529U (en) Steel plate concrete shear wall connecting beam bestrewed with toggle pins
CN202227585U (en) Steel plate concrete shear wall coupling beam with studs arranged at anchor ends
CN204139414U (en) Composite plate trussed construction unit and structure thereof
CN210827936U (en) Assembled modularization lightweight steel construction wall body

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150603

Termination date: 20161218

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee