CN204370450U - A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope - Google Patents

A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204370450U
CN204370450U CN201420846750.6U CN201420846750U CN204370450U CN 204370450 U CN204370450 U CN 204370450U CN 201420846750 U CN201420846750 U CN 201420846750U CN 204370450 U CN204370450 U CN 204370450U
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China
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plate
slope
nursing
plant wastes
plant
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CN201420846750.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴辉
晁建强
赖生猛
李怀国
杨堂超
陈亮
胡海
郑强
孔俊
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Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd
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Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, by by nursing structure modularized design, in advance plate from plant wastes and frame set can be installed, during in-site installation, nursing structure module is only needed to be fixed on hillside by anchor fixing hole, can installation process be simplified thus, reduce installation difficulty; To plant raw member designs is bucking ladder structure, and plate from plant wastes and frame shape wedgewise groove, then plant raw component and clamp after wedge-shaped slot, a little wedge shape space is also left in its underpart, rainwater can be stored in this space, is provided with drip irrigation pipe, in season short of rain owing to planting below raw component, open valve, the rainwater that wedge shape space stores can flow to drip irrigation pipe, carries out moisturizing, the structure saves water-collecting bag to the vegetation in lower one deck plate from plant wastes, reduce costs, convenient processing and installation.

Description

A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope
Technical field
The utility model relates to the regional shrub slope protection construction technology of karst (KST), particularly relates to a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope.
Background technology
Karst landform refers to and is extensively distributed with karst landform on the Guangxi of China, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places by the various landforms that solublerock is subject to the corrosion of water and adjoint mechanism and is formed.In recent years, along with large-scale engineering construction and mining, cause karst landform to define a large amount of bare side slopings, create the rock slope cannot recovering vegetation in a large number, may realize hardly at its surperficial clear-cutting forestland vegetative coverage in a short time; Existing slope project reinforcement measure many pursuits intensity effect, mostly adopts the protection of the grey such as stone-laying and pneumatically placed concrete, destroys the harmony of natural, ecological like this.Along with people are to the further increase of the attention of ecological environmental protection and China's economic strength; slope vegetation protection engineering has also been applied in the middle of engineering construction gradually; existing application adopts explosion afforestation method more; the method is not suitable for karst landform; or first in rock slope, adopt stone-laying to fix it and be divided into little lattice and make and plant raw component; then the little lattice interplantation soil cultural vegetation that it divides; though such slope vegetation protection engineering has certain afforestation effect; but ecological harmony cannot be met, artificial vestige is too obvious.Existing Artificial Side-slope afforests the rock side-slope mostly re-engineering is to be less than for the gradient 75 °, when the rock side-slope gradient is less than 75 °, the applicant plants raw component at a kind of shrub slope protection be arranged on karst area slope of the two pieces patent of SEPARATE APPLICATION on May 8 in 2009 " and " being arranged on the T-shaped plate from plant wastes of side slope shrub slope protection on karst area slope " all can reach good artificial soil adhesive rate, well can complete greening vegetation regeneration in several years after construction; But in the face of the characteristic that rock side-slope is complicated and changeable; often can run in work progress and be greater than 75 ° even rock side-slope of 90 °; run into class side slope; also there is no good solution at present; common methods is cleared up rock side-slope again, and its gradient is diminished, but this method construction volume is very large; time cycle is long, and more dangerous.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model provides a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, and this structure construction amount is little, the cycle is short, cost is low, and can complete artificial vegetation's regeneration on the rock side-slope that the gradient is greater than 75 °.
For a nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, be included in multiple nursing structure modules of array distribution in described side slope, each nursing structure module comprises plate from plant wastes, framework, anchor fixing hole, plants raw component, drip irrigation pipe and valve;
Described framework is rectangle, and plate from plant wastes interval is fixed on framework, plate from plant wastes and framework place plane angled, plate from plant wastes closed at both ends, with frame shape wedge-shaped slot into strips;
The described anchor fixing hole that described framework is arranged by edge is laid in side slope;
Described to plant raw component be hollow bucking ladder structure, its wide mouth open at one end, and slot one end is closed, and the Closed End of slot has water falling hole; Planting raw component described in multiple is installed in the wedge-shaped slot that plate from plant wastes and framework formed in wide mouth mode upward;
Described drip irrigation pipe is fixed on the framework between current plate from plant wastes and lower one deck plate from plant wastes, drip irrigation pipe has drip irrigation hole; One end of drip irrigation pipe is closed, and the other end is connected by described valve with current plate from plant wastes bottom perforate.
Preferably, plate from plant wastes and framework place plane angulation are 25 °-45; Described plate from plant wastes is cast in place concrete plate; The width of described plate from plant wastes is 200mm ~ 800mm, and thickness is 15mm ~ 30mm; The line space of plate from plant wastes is 1500mm ~ 3000mm.
The utility model has following beneficial effect:
(1) the utility model is for the rock side-slope of heavy grade (being greater than 75 °), nursing structure module array is fixed in side slope, on the framework of nursing structure module, plate from plant wastes is fixed at interval, make to form between plate from plant wastes and stone slope one can a large amount of artificial soil of splendid attire plant raw groove, well flat upper surface is adhered to for artificial soil and seed provide one, the expansion of root system during better to ensure plant growth, for the growth of vegetation is laid a solid foundation.
(2) by by nursing structure modularized design, in advance plate from plant wastes and frame set can be installed, during in-site installation, only need nursing structure module to be fixed in side slope by anchor fixing hole, can installation process be simplified thus, reduce installation difficulty.
(3) will plant raw member designs is bucking ladder structure, and plate from plant wastes and frame shape wedgewise groove, then plant raw component and clamp after wedge-shaped slot, a little wedge shape space is also left in its underpart, rainwater can be stored in this space, is provided with drip irrigation pipe, in season short of rain owing to planting below raw component, open valve, the rainwater that wedge shape space stores can flow to drip irrigation pipe, carries out moisturizing, the structure saves water-collecting bag to the vegetation in lower one deck plate from plant wastes, reduce costs, convenient processing and installation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that nursing structure module of the present utility model is installed in side slope.
Fig. 2 is nursing structure module diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 of the present utility modelly plants raw component and is installed on schematic diagram on plate from plant wastes.
Fig. 4 is two schematic diagrames of planting raw component and arranging in plate from plant wastes of the present utility model.
1-framework, 2-plate from plant wastes, 3-anchor fixing hole, 4-side slope, 5-plants raw component, 6-water falling hole, 7-drip irrigation pipe, 8-valve.
Detailed description of the invention
To develop simultaneously embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope of the present utility model, be included in multiple nursing structure modules of array distribution in described side slope, each nursing structure module comprises plate from plant wastes, framework, anchor fixing hole and plants raw component; Framework is rectangle, and plate from plant wastes interval is fixed on framework, plate from plant wastes and framework place plane angled, plate from plant wastes closed at both ends, with frame shape wedge-shaped slot into strips; The described anchor fixing hole that framework is arranged by edge is laid in side slope; Planting raw component is hollow bucking ladder structure, its wide mouth open at one end, and slot one end is closed, and the Closed End of slot has water falling hole; Plant raw component described in multiple to be installed in the cone tank that plate from plant wastes and side slope formed in wide mouth mode upward.Drip irrigation pipe is fixed on the framework under current plate from plant wastes between one deck plate from plant wastes, drip irrigation pipe has drip irrigation hole; One end of drip irrigation pipe is closed, and the other end is connected by described valve with current plate from plant wastes bottom perforate.
The utility model is for the rock side-slope of heavy grade (being greater than 75 °), nursing structure module array is fixed in side slope, on the framework of nursing structure module, plate from plant wastes is fixed at interval, be installed in the wedge-shaped slot that plate from plant wastes and framework formed by planting raw component again, well flat upper surface is adhered to for artificial soil and seed provide one, the expansion of root system during better to ensure plant growth, for the growth of vegetation is laid a solid foundation.Meanwhile, the mounting means of the raw component of this plantation is also more firm.
By by nursing structure modularized design, in advance plate from plant wastes and frame set can be installed, during in-site installation, only need nursing structure module to be fixed in side slope by anchor fixing hole, can installation process be simplified thus, reduce installation difficulty.
The preferred concrete cast-in-place slab of plate from plant wastes, concrete cast-in-place slab take fixed anchors as the corrosion that muscle can reduce anchoring piece greatly, can ensure that it has enough supporting capacitys, facilitates field construction simultaneously and draws materials like this.Offer water falling hole planting on raw component, it is identical that leaking hole principle offered by this principle and flowerpot.Simultaneously, be bucking ladder structure owing to planting raw component, plate from plant wastes and frame shape wedgewise groove, then plant raw component and clamp after wedge-shaped slot, also leaves a little wedge shape space in its underpart, rainwater can be stored in this space, be provided with drip irrigation pipe owing to planting below raw component, in season short of rain, open valve, the rainwater that wedge shape space stores can flow to drip irrigation pipe, carries out moisturizing to the vegetation in lower one deck plate from plant wastes.
According to the test of applicant, discovery the utility model obviously can reduce the difficulty of the artificial bank protection of heavy grade, and vegetation response rate is very high, the utility model also has the advantages such as structure is simple, greening speed is fast, cost is low simultaneously, has and well promotes and practical value.
In sum, these are only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not intended to limit protection domain of the present utility model.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. the nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, it is characterized in that, be included in multiple nursing structure modules of the upper array distribution of described side slope (4), each nursing structure module comprises plate from plant wastes (2), framework (1), anchor fixing hole (3), plants raw component (5), drip irrigation pipe (7) and valve (8);
Described framework is rectangle, and plate from plant wastes interval is fixed on framework, plate from plant wastes and framework place plane angled, plate from plant wastes closed at both ends, with frame shape wedge-shaped slot into strips;
The described anchor fixing hole that described framework is arranged by edge is laid in side slope;
Described to plant raw component be hollow bucking ladder structure, its wide mouth open at one end, and slot one end is closed, and the Closed End of slot has water falling hole (6); Planting raw component described in multiple is installed in the wedge-shaped slot that plate from plant wastes and framework formed in wide mouth mode upward;
Described drip irrigation pipe is fixed on the framework between current plate from plant wastes and lower one deck plate from plant wastes, drip irrigation pipe has drip irrigation hole; One end of drip irrigation pipe is closed, and the other end is connected by described valve with current plate from plant wastes bottom perforate.
2. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, plate from plant wastes and framework place plane angulation are 25 °-45 °.
3. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described plate from plant wastes is cast in place concrete plate.
4. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the width of described plate from plant wastes is 200mm ~ 800mm, and thickness is 15mm ~ 30mm.
5. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the line space of plate from plant wastes is 1500mm ~ 3000mm.
CN201420846750.6U 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope Active CN204370450U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201420846750.6U CN204370450U (en) 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420846750.6U CN204370450U (en) 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104563140A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院股份有限公司 Protecting structure for big-gradient stone slope

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104563140A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院股份有限公司 Protecting structure for big-gradient stone slope
CN104563140B (en) * 2014-12-25 2016-11-30 贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院股份有限公司 A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope

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