CN204370449U - A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope - Google Patents

A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204370449U
CN204370449U CN201420846704.6U CN201420846704U CN204370449U CN 204370449 U CN204370449 U CN 204370449U CN 201420846704 U CN201420846704 U CN 201420846704U CN 204370449 U CN204370449 U CN 204370449U
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
slope
plant wastes
nursing structure
plant
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CN201420846704.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴辉
晁建强
赖生猛
李怀国
杨堂超
陈亮
吴伟
肖勇
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Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd
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Guizhou Transportation Planning Survey and Design Academe Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, by by nursing structure modularized design, in advance plate from plant wastes and frame set can be installed, during in-site installation, nursing structure module is only needed to be fixed on hillside by anchor fixing hole, can installation process be simplified thus, reduce installation difficulty; Plate from plant wastes is designed to V-type, conveniently by the bottom of rainwater catchment at the V-structure of plate from plant wastes, then can flows in collecting box, store.In season short of rain, open valve, by drip irrigation pipe, drip irrigation is carried out to the vegetation of below.

Description

A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope
Technical field
The utility model relates to the regional shrub slope protection construction technology of karst (KST), particularly relates to a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope.
Background technology
Karst landform refers to and is extensively distributed with karst landform on the Guangxi of China, Guizhou, Yunnan and other places by the various landforms that solublerock is subject to the corrosion of water and adjoint mechanism and is formed.In recent years, along with large-scale engineering construction and mining, cause karst landform to define a large amount of bare side slopings, create the rock slope cannot recovering vegetation in a large number, may realize hardly at its surperficial clear-cutting forestland vegetative coverage in a short time; Existing slope project reinforcement measure many pursuits intensity effect, mostly adopts the protection of the grey such as stone-laying and pneumatically placed concrete, destroys the harmony of natural, ecological like this.Along with people are to the further increase of the attention of ecological environmental protection and China's economic strength; slope vegetation protection engineering has also been applied in the middle of engineering construction gradually; existing application adopts explosion afforestation method more; the method is not suitable for karst landform; or first in rock slope, adopt stone-laying to fix it and be divided into little lattice and make and plant raw component; then the little lattice interplantation soil cultural vegetation that it divides; though such slope vegetation protection engineering has certain afforestation effect; but ecological harmony cannot be met, artificial vestige is too obvious.Existing Artificial Side-slope afforests the rock side-slope mostly re-engineering is to be less than for the gradient 75 °, when the rock side-slope gradient is less than 75 °, the applicant plants raw component at a kind of shrub slope protection be arranged on karst area slope of the two pieces patent of SEPARATE APPLICATION on May 8 in 2009 " and " being arranged on the T-shaped plate from plant wastes of side slope shrub slope protection on karst area slope " all can reach good artificial soil adhesive rate, well can complete greening vegetation regeneration in several years after construction; But in the face of the characteristic that rock side-slope is complicated and changeable; often can run in work progress and be greater than 75 ° even rock side-slope of 90 °; run into class side slope; also there is no good solution at present; common methods is cleared up rock side-slope again, and its gradient is diminished, but this method construction volume is very large; time cycle is long, and more dangerous.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model provides a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, and this structure construction amount is little, the cycle is short, cost is low, and can complete artificial vegetation's regeneration on the rock side-slope that the gradient is greater than 75 °.
For a nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, be included in multiple nursing structure modules of array distribution in described side slope, each nursing structure module comprise plate from plant wastes, plant raw component, the framework of anchor fixing hole, collecting box, drip irrigation pipe and rectangle;
Described plate from plant wastes to be connected as a single entity by middle fixing plate by two pieces of daughter boards and to be fixed on framework, two pieces of daughter boards separately place plane and framework place plane angled, and two pieces of daughter boards have an angle declined towards middle fixing plate, make the V-shaped structure of the plate from plant wastes of formation; Two pieces of daughter board one end are toward the outer side all closed, respectively with frame shape wedge-shaped slot into strips; There is gully-hole the V-structure lower end of described plate from plant wastes;
The described anchor fixing hole that described framework is arranged by edge is laid in side slope;
Described to plant raw component be hollow bucking ladder structure, its wide mouth open at one end, and slot one end is closed, and the Closed End of slot has water falling hole; Planting raw component described in multiple is installed in the wedge-shaped slot that plate from plant wastes and framework formed in wide mouth mode upward;
Be fixed with collecting box and drip irrigation pipe successively below described plate from plant wastes, the gully-hole UNICOM of described collecting box upper end open and described plate from plant wastes, described collecting box lower end perforate is by valve and described drip irrigation pipe UNICOM; The tube wall of described drip irrigation pipe has drip irrigation hole.
Preferably, daughter board described in two and framework place plane angulation are 25 ° to 45 °; Described plate from plant wastes is cast in place concrete plate; The width of described plate from plant wastes is 200mm ~ 800mm, and thickness is 15mm ~ 30mm; The line space of plate from plant wastes is 1500mm ~ 3000mm; Described two pieces of daughter boards are 3 ° ~ 5 ° towards the angle downwards of middle fixing plate.
The utility model has following beneficial effect:
(1) the utility model is for the rock side-slope of heavy grade (being greater than 75 °), nursing structure module array is fixed in side slope, on the framework of nursing structure module, plate from plant wastes is fixed at interval, make to form between plate from plant wastes and stone slope one can a large amount of artificial soil of splendid attire plant raw groove, well flat upper surface is adhered to for artificial soil and seed provide one, the expansion of root system during better to ensure plant growth, for the growth of vegetation is laid a solid foundation.
(2) by by nursing structure modularized design, in advance plate from plant wastes and frame set can be installed, during in-site installation, only need nursing structure module to be fixed in side slope by anchor fixing hole, can installation process be simplified thus, reduce installation difficulty.
(3) plate from plant wastes is designed to V-type, conveniently by the bottom of rainwater catchment at the V-structure of plate from plant wastes, then can flows in collecting box, store.In season short of rain, open valve, by drip irrigation pipe, drip irrigation is carried out to the vegetation of below.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that nursing structure module of the present utility model is installed in side slope.
Fig. 2 is nursing structure module diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 of the present utility modelly plants raw component and is installed on schematic diagram on plate from plant wastes.
Fig. 4 is two schematic diagrames of planting raw component and arranging in plate from plant wastes of the present utility model.
1-framework, 2-daughter board, 3-anchor fixing hole, 4-side slope, 5-plants raw component, 6-collecting box, 7-drip irrigation pipe, 8-middle fixing plate.
Detailed description of the invention
To develop simultaneously embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope of the present utility model, be included in multiple nursing structure modules of array distribution in described side slope, each nursing structure module comprise plate from plant wastes, plant raw component, the framework of anchor fixing hole, collecting box, drip irrigation pipe and rectangle; Described plate from plant wastes to be connected as a single entity by middle fixing plate by two pieces of daughter boards and to be fixed on framework, two pieces of daughter boards separately place plane and framework place plane angled, and two pieces of daughter boards have an angle declined towards middle fixing plate, make the plate from plant wastes of formation V-shaped; Two pieces of daughter board one end are toward the outer side all closed, respectively with frame shape wedge-shaped slot into strips; There is gully-hole the V-structure lower end of described plate from plant wastes; The described anchor fixing hole that described framework is arranged by edge is laid in side slope; Described to plant raw component be hollow bucking ladder structure, its wide mouth open at one end, and slot one end is closed, and the Closed End of slot has water falling hole; Plant raw component described in multiple to be installed in the wedge-shaped slot that plate from plant wastes and framework formed in wide mouth mode upward.Be fixed with collecting box and drip irrigation pipe successively below described plate from plant wastes, the gully-hole UNICOM of described collecting box upper end open and described plate from plant wastes, described collecting box lower end perforate is by valve and described drip irrigation pipe UNICOM; The tube wall of described drip irrigation pipe has drip irrigation hole.
The utility model is for the rock side-slope of heavy grade (being greater than 75 °), nursing structure module array is fixed in side slope, on the framework of nursing structure module, plate from plant wastes is fixed at interval, be installed in the wedge-shaped slot that plate from plant wastes and framework formed by planting raw component again, well flat upper surface is adhered to for artificial soil and seed provide one, the expansion of root system during better to ensure plant growth, for the growth of vegetation is laid a solid foundation.Meanwhile, the mounting means of the raw component of this plantation is also more firm.
By by nursing structure modularized design, in advance plate from plant wastes and frame set can be installed, during in-site installation, only need nursing structure module to be fixed in side slope by anchor fixing hole, can installation process be simplified thus, reduce installation difficulty.
The preferred concrete cast-in-place slab of plate from plant wastes, concrete cast-in-place slab take fixed anchors as the corrosion that muscle can reduce anchoring piece greatly, can ensure that it has enough supporting capacitys, facilitates field construction simultaneously and draws materials like this.Offer water falling hole planting on raw component, it is identical that leaking hole principle offered by this principle and flowerpot.
Plate from plant wastes is designed to V-type, conveniently by the bottom of rainwater catchment at the V-structure of plate from plant wastes, then can flows in collecting box, store.In season short of rain, open valve, by drip irrigation pipe, drip irrigation is carried out to the vegetation of below.
According to the test of applicant, discovery the utility model obviously can reduce the difficulty of the artificial bank protection of heavy grade, and vegetation response rate is very high, the utility model also has the advantages such as structure is simple, greening speed is fast, cost is low simultaneously, has and well promotes and practical value.
In sum, these are only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not intended to limit protection domain of the present utility model.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope, it is characterized in that, be included in multiple nursing structure modules of the upper array distribution of described side slope (4), each nursing structure module comprise plate from plant wastes, plant raw component (5), the framework (1) of anchor fixing hole (3), collecting box (6), drip irrigation pipe (7) and rectangle;
Described plate from plant wastes to be connected as a single entity by middle fixing plate (8) by two pieces of daughter boards (2) and to be fixed on framework, two pieces of daughter boards separately place plane and framework place plane angled, and two pieces of daughter boards have an angle declined towards middle fixing plate, make the V-shaped structure of the plate from plant wastes of formation; Two pieces of daughter board one end are toward the outer side all closed, respectively with frame shape wedge-shaped slot into strips; There is gully-hole the V-structure lower end of described plate from plant wastes;
The described anchor fixing hole that described framework is arranged by edge is laid in side slope;
Described to plant raw component be hollow bucking ladder structure, its wide mouth open at one end, and slot one end is closed, and the Closed End of slot has water falling hole; Planting raw component described in multiple is installed in the wedge-shaped slot that plate from plant wastes and framework formed in wide mouth mode upward;
Be fixed with collecting box and drip irrigation pipe successively below described plate from plant wastes, the gully-hole UNICOM of described collecting box upper end open and described plate from plant wastes, described collecting box lower end perforate is by valve and described drip irrigation pipe UNICOM; The tube wall of described drip irrigation pipe has drip irrigation hole.
2. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, daughter board described in two and framework place plane angulation are 25 °-45 °.
3. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described plate from plant wastes is cast in place concrete plate.
4. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the width of described plate from plant wastes is 200mm ~ 800mm, and thickness is 15mm ~ 30mm.
5. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the line space of plate from plant wastes is 1500mm ~ 3000mm.
6. a kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described two pieces of daughter boards are 3 ° ~ 5 ° towards the angle downwards of middle fixing plate.
CN201420846704.6U 2014-12-25 2014-12-25 A kind of nursing structure for heavy grade rock side-slope Active CN204370449U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104563141A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院股份有限公司 Protecting structure for big-gradient stone slope

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104563141A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院股份有限公司 Protecting structure for big-gradient stone slope

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