CN204348032U - Sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system - Google Patents

Sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204348032U
CN204348032U CN201520015616.6U CN201520015616U CN204348032U CN 204348032 U CN204348032 U CN 204348032U CN 201520015616 U CN201520015616 U CN 201520015616U CN 204348032 U CN204348032 U CN 204348032U
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subsystem
data
monitoring
aggregation
early warning
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张宁
姜卓群
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张宁
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system, comprise data acquisition subsystem, Communication Control subsystem, aggregation of data processing subsystem and data representation subsystem, data acquisition subsystem and the wireless connections of Communication Control subsystem, Communication Control subsystem is connected with aggregation of data processing subsystem by wire signal, is connected by wire signal according to overall treatment subsystem with data representation subsystem; Data acquisition subsystem is made up of several sensor assemblies, and each sensor assembly corresponding configuration has Big Dipper locating module and wireless communication module.Various kinds of sensors of the present utility model is with solid netted formal expansion coverage goal region, and be configured with Big Dipper location and radio communication, realize the data acquisition to monitored area, and by monitoring system promptly and accurately early warning and monitoring are carried out to monitored area, also there is the performance such as easy transformation, easily upgrading, easy to operate, easy care, expansibility and economy.

Description

Sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to geology monitoring technical field, is specifically related to a kind of sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system.
Background technology
In recent years, because various factors causes topography and geomorphology equilibrium condition destruction and ground tectonic stress state to change, bring out and exacerbate land subsidence, surface collapse, ground fissure, soil salt marsh, bogginess, collapse, slide, flow, the growth of the geologic hazard such as mine disaster and harm.In west area, due to excess exploitation soil, grassland, forest and water resource, accelerate the development of the disaster such as soil erosion, desertification of land, the disasters such as avalanche, landslide, rubble flow also increase thereupon.But, according to geologic hazard analysis afterwards occurred in the past, the distribution of geologic hazard and the extent of injury thereof and geologic setting condition (comprise topography and geomorphology, the intensity of Structural Pattern and neotectonism and mode, Rock And Soil Engineering-geological Classification, hydrogeological condition etc.), meteorological model and Vegetation condition, the many factors substantial connections such as human economy engineering activity and intensity thereof, geologic hazard complex genesis.Therefore, having of geologic hazard is disguised and sudden, and forecasting and warning difficulty is large, and strick precaution difficulty is large.Rely on manual type to detect geologic hazards such as landslides, inefficiency, and shortage quantized data carry out scientific analysis prediction.Meanwhile, because Geological Hazards Monitoring region is often unfrequented intermountain, lack road, artificial observation error is larger.If adopt traditional wired monitoring instrument, system will be made to dispose very difficult.In addition wired mode often adopts the mode of disposing Datalogger nearby to note down image data, and need special messenger's timing to go to monitoring point downloading data, system can not get real time data, and dirigibility is poor.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system, and solving prior art can't to the problem of the timely alarm of sliding mass geologic hazard and monitoring.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopts is, comprise data acquisition subsystem, Communication Control subsystem, aggregation of data processing subsystem and data representation subsystem, data acquisition subsystem and the wireless connections of Communication Control subsystem, Communication Control subsystem is connected with aggregation of data processing subsystem by wire signal, and aggregation of data processing subsystem is connected with data representation subsystem by wire signal; Data acquisition subsystem is made up of several sensor assemblies, and each sensor assembly corresponding configuration has Big Dipper locating module and wireless communication module; Communication Control subsystem is made up of several wireless aggregation nodes and several wireless relay nodes, and wireless aggregation node and wireless relay nodes are parallel state distribution; Aggregation of data processing subsystem is made up of database server and data processing server; Data representation subsystem is made up of data distribution server and data monitoring equipment.
Feature of the present utility model is also,
Sensor assembly by rain gage, crack displacement meter. underground water table is taken into account deep displacement meter and is formed
Sensor assembly subregion is laid, and launches spatially web form coverage goal region with point, line, surface.
Wireless communication module adopts 2.4GHz channel.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: various kinds of sensors is with solid netted formal expansion coverage goal region, and be configured with Big Dipper location and radio communication, realize the data acquisition to monitored area, and by monitoring system promptly and accurately early warning and monitoring are carried out to monitored area, also there is the performance such as easy transformation, easily upgrading, easy to operate, easy care, expansibility and economy.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model a kind of sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model sensor assembly.
In figure, 1. data acquisition subsystem, 11. sensor assemblies, 111. rain gages, 112. crack displacement meters, 113. underground level gauges, 114. deep displacement meters, 12. Big Dipper locating modules, 13. wireless communication modules, 2. Communication Control subsystem, 21. wireless aggregation nodes, 22. wireless relay nodes, 3. aggregation of data processing subsystem, 31. database servers, 32. data processing servers, 4. data representation subsystem, 41. data distribution servers, 42. data monitoring equipment.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in detail.
A kind of sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system, structure as shown in Figure 1, comprise data acquisition subsystem 1, Communication Control subsystem 2, aggregation of data processing subsystem 3 and data representation subsystem 4, data acquisition subsystem 1 and Communication Control subsystem 2 wireless connections, Communication Control subsystem 2 is connected with aggregation of data processing subsystem 3 by wire signal, and aggregation of data processing subsystem 3 is connected with data representation subsystem 4 by wire signal; Data acquisition subsystem 1 is made up of several sensor assemblies 11, and described each sensor assembly 11 corresponding configuration has Big Dipper locating module 12 and wireless communication module 13;
Communication Control subsystem 2 is made up of several wireless aggregation nodes 21 and several wireless relay nodes 22, the distribution in parallel state of wireless aggregation node 21 and wireless relay nodes 22; Aggregation of data processing subsystem 3 is made up of database server 31 and data processing server 32; Data representation subsystem 4 is made up of data distribution server 41 and data monitoring equipment 42.
Sensor assembly 11 by rain gage 111, crack displacement meter 112. underground level gauge 113 and deep displacement meter 114 form.Sensor assembly 11 subregion is laid, and launches spatially web form coverage goal region with point, line, surface.
Wireless communication module 13 adopts 2.4GHz channel.
Further the utility model is illustrated,
Data acquisition subsystem 1 is made up of the sensor assembly 11 being configured with Big Dipper locating module 12 and wireless communication module 13.Sensor assembly 11 adopt multiple sensors (such as rain gage 111, crack displacement meter 112. underground level gauge 113 and deep displacement meter 114), the various relevant geologic parameter of sliding mass is gathered, and through signal condition, data encoding, pass to communication control subsystem 2 by wireless channel.Wherein wireless communication module 13 adopts 2.4GHz channel, and 2.4GHz channel wavelength is shorter, and penetrability is better, under heavy vegetation environmental, have good performance, can ensure still effectively can transmit data under rainy day and heavy vegetative coverage.Periodicity collection is carried out to Big Dipper locator data, utilizes these type of data can realize the static surface deformation monitoring continuously of the Big Dipper.In addition, various kinds of sensors module 11 can adopt subregion to lay, and detection local protectionism is become some regions, and above-mentioned various kinds of sensors is comprehensively disposed according to actual conditions in each region.By monitored area, on-the-spot deep displacement and earth's surface are out of shape based on the pickup of isoparametric pickup, inducement parameter, build monitoring " point ", be that base unit builds " line " with monitoring point, set up " face " based on the Big Dipper static surface deformation monitoring, Regional Precipitation monitoring etc. continuously.Net laid by the three-dimensional sensor that point-line-surface forms a coverage goal region, formed support Landslide Monitoring Early-warning Model.
Communication control subsystem 2 is by wireless aggregation node 21 and wireless relay nodes 22 and form.The image data that data acquisition subsystem 1 is uploaded by main realization passes to aggregation of data processing subsystem 3 in real time reliably.Wherein wireless relay nodes 22 is responsible for carrying out effective data retransmission within the specific limits; Wireless aggregation node 21 has management and dispatching function, by wireless channel periodically poll sensors module 11, control data transmitting-receiving process, image data is submitted to aggregation of data processing subsystemization 3 in real time by internal cable network channel, can backup each other between each wireless aggregation node 21, improve the reliability of communication further.In addition, communication control subsystem 2 network architecture adopts AdHoc wireless self-organization network framework, and this framework, relative to traditional network, has the characteristic of " self-organization, self-healing ".
Aggregation of data processing subsystem 3 is made up of database server 31 and data processing server 32.Main realization is according to real-time data collection, in conjunction with slide prediction model, sliding mass geologic hazard is forecast, and utilize data fusion and data mining technology comprehensively to analyze image data, medium-term and long-term tracing detection and prediction are carried out to regional sliding mass geology state.Wherein, data processing server 32 mainly realizes the comprehensive computing to image data, realizes predictive model of landslide and relevant aggregation of data Processing Algorithm; The main realization of database server 31 is to the storage of historical data and backup.
Data representation subsystem 4 is made up of data distribution server 41 and data monitoring equipment 42, as in outer net access system data, also needs to set up fire wall.Mainly realize the friendly man-machine interface of various ways.Wherein, data are issued with multiple form by data distribution server 41, as WEB mode, mobile terminal mode, giant-screen mode.Data monitoring equipment 42 makes a general reference all relevant data display equipments.
The utility model promptly and accurately can carry out early warning and monitoring to monitored area, and has the performance such as easy transformation, easily upgrading, easy to operate, easy care, expansibility and economy.

Claims (4)

1. sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system, it is characterized in that: comprise data acquisition subsystem (1), Communication Control subsystem (2), aggregation of data processing subsystem (3) and data representation subsystem (4), described data acquisition subsystem (1) and Communication Control subsystem (2) wireless connections, described Communication Control subsystem (2) is connected with aggregation of data processing subsystem (3) by wire signal, and described aggregation of data processing subsystem (3) is connected with data representation subsystem (4) by wire signal; Described data acquisition subsystem (1) is made up of several sensor assemblies (11), and described each sensor assembly (11) corresponding configuration has Big Dipper locating module (12) and wireless communication module (13);
Described Communication Control subsystem (2) is made up of several wireless aggregation nodes (21) and several wireless relay nodes (22), and described wireless aggregation node (21) and wireless relay nodes (22) distribute in parallel state;
Described aggregation of data processing subsystem (3) is made up of database server (31) and data processing server (32);
Described data representation subsystem (4) is made up of data distribution server (41) and data monitoring equipment (42).
2. sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning according to claim 1 and monitoring system, is characterized in that: described sensor assembly (11) by rain gage (111), crack displacement meter (112). underground level gauge (113) and deep displacement meter (114) form.
3. sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning according to claim 1 and monitoring system, is characterized in that: described sensor assembly (11) subregion is laid, and launches spatially web form coverage goal region with point, line, surface.
4. the sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 and monitoring system, is characterized in that: described wireless communication module (13) adopts 2.4GHz channel.
CN201520015616.6U 2015-01-09 2015-01-09 Sliding mass geologic hazard distant early warning and monitoring system Expired - Fee Related CN204348032U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105844858A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-08-10 南信大影像技术工程(苏州)有限公司 GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105844858A (en) * 2016-04-05 2016-08-10 南信大影像技术工程(苏州)有限公司 GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150520

Termination date: 20160109