CN204342616U - A kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit - Google Patents

A kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204342616U
CN204342616U CN201420799432.9U CN201420799432U CN204342616U CN 204342616 U CN204342616 U CN 204342616U CN 201420799432 U CN201420799432 U CN 201420799432U CN 204342616 U CN204342616 U CN 204342616U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
absorption tower
tank
ammonia
connects
mother liquor
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420799432.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴军伟
谈立刚
王琴
丁乾
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JIANGSU BAIMAOYUAN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JIANGSU BAIMAOYUAN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit, comprise waterwater entrance, pipeline, absorption tower, coagulative precipitation tank, sludge sump, chamber-type press filter and mud cake outward transport mouth, waterwater entrance leads to equalizing tank, equalizing tank connects high efficiency composition denitrification column by pump, enters absorption tower through the isolated ammonia of high efficiency composition denitrification column by the pipeline on top; High efficiency composition denitrification column bottom connects coagulative precipitation tank, coagulative precipitation tank is divided into reaction tank and separate tank, coagulating agent is added in reaction tank, the separate tank upper strata isolated stillness of night imports clean water basin, finally detect rear discharge up to standard, the isolated turbid solution of separate tank lower floor enters sludge sump by lower outlet, and sludge sump connects chamber-type press filter, get back to equalizing tank via the stillness of night after chamber-type press filter press filtration, the mud cake after press filtration is transported outward mouth by mud cake and is transported landfill; This device not only denitrification effect is good, high-efficiency environment friendly, and construction cost is relatively reasonable, processing cost is not high, operational conditions easily reaches.

Description

A kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit
Technical field
The utility model belongs to environmental technology field, relates to a kind of Ammonia-nitrogen wastewater treatment technology, specifically a kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit.
Background technology
The ammonia nitrogen waste water of high density is more unmanageable one in trade effluent, and its source is wide and quantity discharged is large, all has generation in the production departments such as metallurgy, chemical industry, chemical fertilizer, petrochemical industry, coking, pharmacy, food and refuse landfill.In recent years, along with expanding economy, the high-concentration ammonia nitrogenous wastewater produced therefrom also becomes one of restraining factors of relevant industries development.
A large amount of high-concentration ammonia nitrogenous wastewater enters water body, particularly to flow lake, bay more slowly, easily cause algae and other microorganism amount reproductions in water, form eutrophication pollution, cause black and odorous water, Quality Down, the NO3-N and NO2-N of oxidized generation also can affect hydrobiont, even the health of the mankind.Therefore, cost-effective improvement high-concentration ammonia nitrogenous wastewater pollutes the important topic having become current environmental worker research, receives the great attention of insider.
At present, more research is carried out to the treatment technology of ammonia nitrogen waste water both at home and abroad, domestic many employing biological stabilization pond methods, A/O method, catalytic wet air oxidation, blow-off method and vaporizing extract process process high-concentration ammonia nitrogenous wastewater, why nitric efficiency is low for traditional blow-off method or vaporizing extract process, and major cause has three: one to be only have simple physical action and without chemical action due to it, thus the ammonium of ionic state all can not be converted into the ammonia of molecular state, more impossible organonitrogen be changed into ammonia-state nitrogen; Two is the powerful bonding forces impossible destroyed between amino molecule and water molecules, breaks in conjunction with the hydrogen bond between amino molecule and water molecules; Three is traditional stripping or vaporizing extract process, although gas-water ratio and energy consumption high surprising, but can not control the contact reacts time of empty G&W.And, but often construction cost is large, processing cost is high, operational conditions is harsh, and denitrification effect is undesirable.Domestic and international scientific worker is seeking a kind of cheap, efficient high-concentration ammonia nitrogen waste water treatment method always.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is, overcome the shortcoming of prior art, a kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit is provided, not only denitrification effect is good for the retrieving arrangement of the utility model design, high-efficiency environment friendly, and construction cost is relatively reasonable, processing cost is not high, operational conditions easily reaches.
In order to solve above technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit, comprise waterwater entrance, pipeline, absorption tower, coagulative precipitation tank, sludge sump, chamber-type press filter and mud cake outward transport mouth, waterwater entrance leads to equalizing tank, equalizing tank connects high efficiency composition denitrification column by pump, enters absorption tower through the isolated ammonia of high efficiency composition denitrification column by the pipeline on top;
High efficiency composition denitrification column bottom connects coagulative precipitation tank, coagulative precipitation tank is divided into reaction tank and separate tank, coagulating agent is added in reaction tank, the separate tank upper strata isolated stillness of night imports clean water basin, finally detect rear discharge up to standard, the isolated turbid solution of separate tank lower floor enters sludge sump by lower outlet, and sludge sump connects chamber-type press filter, get back to equalizing tank via the stillness of night after chamber-type press filter press filtration, the mud cake after press filtration is transported outward mouth by mud cake and is transported landfill.
The technical scheme that the utility model limits further is:
Absorption tower comprises the absorption tower A be cascaded, absorption tower B and absorption tower C, the pneumatic outlet of absorption tower A connects the gas inlet of absorption tower B, the gas inlet of the pneumatic outlet connection of absorption tower B, the mother liquor outlet of absorption tower C connects the mother liquor entrance of absorption tower B, the mother liquor outlet of absorption tower B connects the mother liquor entrance of absorption tower A, absorption tower A, the mother liquor circulated between absorption tower B and absorption tower C all in absorption tower mother liquor condensing tower effect under spray-absorption ammonia, absorption tower A connects ammoniacal liquor conservation tank, ammoniacal liquor is recovered on production line the most at last, absorption tower C is provided with exhaust port, by discharge after the residual gas absorption of condensation is up to standard.
Add denitrfying agent, sheet alkali or compound alkali in the high efficiency composition denitrification column of the utility model device, denitrfying agent comprises hydroxylmethyl cellulose sodium salt and butyleneglycol desaminase; Coagulating agent is one or more in sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, PAM or PAC, this denitrfying agent contains atom and the ionic activity groups such as a large amount of O, H, OH, CH, CH2, in patent equipment high efficiency composition Off nitrogen tower, easily ammonium salt and other organic amines can be changed into free ammonia to greatest extent under katalysis, and the free ammonia of conversion is separated with waste water fast and fully, realize recovery ammonia.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
In this device, flow automatically to equalizing tank from the high-concentration ammonia nitrogenous wastewater of production plant discharge to carry out water quality and quantity and evenly adjust, then high efficiency composition denitrification column is quantitatively pumped into, add high efficiency composition denitrfying agent simultaneously, liquid caustic soda fully mixes with waste water, the potential of hydrogen of waste water is adjusted to more than the pH:10.5 that applicable ammonia separation needs keep, pick-up generates from NH3 and is separated; Because the NH3 content in the gas phase separated is higher, after introducing Ammonia recovery tower, make absorption agent with cold water and reclaim ammoniacal liquor, then ammonia circulation is used in production, both achieved recycle, and turn avoid secondary pollution.
Pump into coagulative precipitation tank from high efficiency composition denitrification column waste water out and add coagulant and acid and PAM, the settling region of coagulative precipitation tank carries out solid-liquid separation; Sediment enters sludge thickener and carries out sludge dewatering, and supernatant liquor then flows automatically to clean water basin qualified discharge; Mud cake outward transport refuse landfill after pressure filter dehydration, filtrate is back to equalizing tank and again processes.
Ammonia recovery system adopts three grades of spray-absorption process, to improve the recovering effect of system; Gas after process enters follow-up dewatering period, removes the drop be mingled with in gas, to reduce the loss of absorption liquid to greatest extent; The utility model standard configuration adopts three grades of recovery towers to reclaim, NH3 can be improved on the one hand and reclaim concentration, on the other hand, along with absorption liquid is close to saturated, in gas phase, the concentration of NH3 also increases, cause the tail gas after the process of two-stage recovery tower cannot reach the requirement of emission standard, now enter three grades of recovery towers, can guarantee that the tail gas after processing stablizes " emission standard for odor pollutants " emission request reaching respective country regulation.
The utility model not only denitrification effect is good, high-efficiency environment friendly, and construction cost is relatively reasonable, processing cost is not high, operational conditions easily reaches.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model device sketch;
Wherein, 1-waterwater entrance, 2-equalizing tank, 3-high efficiency composition denitrification column, 4-pipeline, 5-absorption tower A, 6-absorption tower B, 7-absorption tower C, 8-coagulative precipitation tank, 9-clean water basin, 10-sludge sump, 11-chamber-type press filter, 12-mud cake outward transport mouth.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit, structure as shown in Figure 1, structure as shown in Figure 1, comprise waterwater entrance 1, pipeline 4, absorption tower, coagulative precipitation tank 8, sludge sump 10, chamber-type press filter 11 and mud cake outward transport mouth 12, waterwater entrance 1 leads to equalizing tank 2, equalizing tank 2 connects high efficiency composition denitrification column 3 by pump, enters absorption tower through the isolated ammonia of high efficiency composition denitrification column 3 by the pipeline 4 on top; High efficiency composition denitrification column 3 bottom connects coagulative precipitation tank 8, coagulative precipitation tank 8 is divided into reaction tank and separate tank, coagulating agent is added in reaction tank, the separate tank upper strata isolated stillness of night imports clean water basin 9, finally detect rear discharge up to standard, the isolated turbid solution of separate tank lower floor enters sludge sump 10 by lower outlet, and sludge sump 10 connects chamber-type press filter 11, get back to equalizing tank 2 via the stillness of night after chamber-type press filter 11 press filtration, the mud cake after press filtration is transported outward mouth 12 by mud cake and is transported landfill.
Absorption tower comprises the absorption tower A5 be cascaded, absorption tower B6 and absorption tower C7, the pneumatic outlet of absorption tower A5 connects the gas inlet of absorption tower B6, the gas inlet of the pneumatic outlet connection of absorption tower B6, the mother liquor outlet of absorption tower C7 connects the mother liquor entrance of absorption tower B6, the mother liquor outlet of absorption tower B6 connects the mother liquor entrance of absorption tower A5, absorption tower A5, the mother liquor circulated between absorption tower B6 and absorption tower C7 all in absorption tower mother liquor condensing tower effect under spray-absorption ammonia, absorption tower A5 connects ammoniacal liquor conservation tank, ammoniacal liquor is recovered on production line the most at last, absorption tower C7 is provided with exhaust port, by discharge after the residual gas absorption of condensation is up to standard.
Add denitrfying agent and sheet alkali in aforementioned high efficiency composition denitrification column 3, denitrfying agent comprises hydroxylmethyl cellulose sodium salt and butyleneglycol desaminase; Coagulating agent is in sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, PAM and PAC.
The present embodiment also provides a kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia reclaiming process:
(1) high-concentration ammonia nitrogenous wastewater is imported equalizing tank by waterwater entrance, by pump, waste water is drawn into high efficiency composition denitrification column again, denitrfying agent and sheet alkali is added in high efficiency composition denitrification column, and the pH value detected at any time in high efficiency composition denitrification column, keep pH value to be more than or equal to 10.5, accelerate nitrogen and generate and be separated;
(2) ammonia nitrogen waste water in high efficiency composition denitrification column isolates ammonia under the effect of denitrfying agent and sheet alkali, and ammonia enters absorption tower via pipeline, and all the other liquid then enter the reaction tank of coagulative precipitation tank;
(3) ammonia of absorption tower A is entered via after the condensation of mother liquor condensing tower, residue ammonia enters absorption tower B, in the B of absorption tower after condensation, residue ammonia enters absorption tower C, and condensation mother liquor enters absorption tower A, in the C of absorption tower after condensation, residual gas detects qualified rear discharge, enter condensation mother liquor and enter absorption tower B, final mother liquor enters ammoniacal liquor conservation tank by absorption tower A, is recovered to production line and recycles;
(4) one or more adding in reaction tank in sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, PAM or PAC are fully reacted, carry out solid-liquid separation, reacted mixed solution enters separate tank, clear liquid floats over separate tank upper strata and enters clean water basin, discharge after sampling detection is up to standard, sediment sinks to lower floor and arranges into sludge sump;
(5) sediment in sludge sump is pumped into chamber-type press filter, and after press filtration, the stillness of night reclaims and enters equalizing tank, and mud cake is transported outward mouth by mud cake and transported landfill.
Wherein, the mother liquor condensing tower in step (3) adopts cold water to carry out condensation.
Above embodiment is only and technological thought of the present utility model is described; protection domain of the present utility model can not be limited with this; every technological thought according to the utility model proposes, any change that technical scheme basis is done, all falls within the utility model protection domain.

Claims (2)

1. a high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit, comprise waterwater entrance (1), pipeline (4), absorption tower, coagulative precipitation tank (8), sludge sump (10), chamber-type press filter (11) and mud cake outward transport mouth (12), it is characterized in that, described waterwater entrance (1) leads to equalizing tank (2), described equalizing tank (2) connects high efficiency composition denitrification column (3) by pump, enters absorption tower through high efficiency composition denitrification column (3) isolated ammonia by the pipeline (4) on top, described high efficiency composition denitrification column (3) bottom connects coagulative precipitation tank (8), described coagulative precipitation tank (8) is divided into reaction tank and separate tank, coagulating agent is added in described reaction tank, the described separate tank upper strata isolated stillness of night imports clean water basin (9), finally detect rear discharge up to standard, the isolated turbid solution of described separate tank lower floor enters sludge sump (10) by lower outlet, described sludge sump (10) connects chamber-type press filter (11), equalizing tank (2) is got back to via the stillness of night after chamber-type press filter (11) press filtration, mud cake after press filtration is transported outward mouth (12) by mud cake and is transported landfill.
2. high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described absorption tower comprises the absorption tower A (5) be cascaded, absorption tower B (6) and absorption tower C (7), the pneumatic outlet of described absorption tower A (5) connects the gas inlet of absorption tower B (6), the gas inlet of the pneumatic outlet connection of described absorption tower B (6), the mother liquor outlet of described absorption tower C (7) connects the mother liquor entrance of absorption tower B (6), the mother liquor outlet of described absorption tower B (6) connects the mother liquor entrance of described absorption tower A (5), described absorption tower A (5), between absorption tower B (6) and absorption tower C (7) circulation mother liquor all in absorption tower mother liquor condensing tower effect under spray-absorption ammonia, described absorption tower A (5) connects ammoniacal liquor conservation tank, ammoniacal liquor is recovered on production line the most at last, described absorption tower C (7) is provided with exhaust port, by discharge after the residual gas absorption of condensation is up to standard.
CN201420799432.9U 2014-12-16 2014-12-16 A kind of high ammonia-nitrogen wastewater process ammonia recovery unit Expired - Fee Related CN204342616U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104528989A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 江苏百茂源环保科技有限公司 High-ammonia-nitrogen wastewater treatment ammonia recycling system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104528989A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 江苏百茂源环保科技有限公司 High-ammonia-nitrogen wastewater treatment ammonia recycling system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150520

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee