CN204340684U - A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils - Google Patents

A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204340684U
CN204340684U CN201420845477.5U CN201420845477U CN204340684U CN 204340684 U CN204340684 U CN 204340684U CN 201420845477 U CN201420845477 U CN 201420845477U CN 204340684 U CN204340684 U CN 204340684U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
shaft
wheel
diff
rotor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420845477.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄康
陈祥
朱晓慧
夏公川
吴占雨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hefei University of Technology
Original Assignee
Hefei University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hefei University of Technology filed Critical Hefei University of Technology
Priority to CN201420845477.5U priority Critical patent/CN204340684U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204340684U publication Critical patent/CN204340684U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils, it is characterized in that arranging rotor shaft is hollow shaft, thus makes diff can be arranged on the inside of rotor shaft; Internally toothed annulus is provided with synchro; On synchro, engagement is provided with one grade and engages gear ring and second gear joint gear ring, and one grade engages gear ring and is fixed on gusset, and second gear is engaged gear ring and is connected on differential shaft by key, thus forms gear shifting structure; Arranging differential shaft is hollow shaft, thus makes the gear wheel shaft of right main reduction gear can be arranged on the inside of differential shaft.The utility model can realize motor, the Highgrade integration of change-speed box and diff and integrated, and improves the tractive performance of electronlmobil.

Description

A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils
Technical field
The utility model belongs to electronlmobil electric drive technical field, is specifically related to a kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils.
Background technology
In recent years, China's electronlmobil achieves significant progress.At present, electronlmobil on market is the entrucking requirement meeting motor, motor and change-speed box adopt independently two parts forms to be assembled on vehicle body by major part producer, and this mounting means realizes by being matched with input shaft female splines by motor output shaft male splines.
But so not only can increase mechanicalness noise, vibration, and motor front end cover and case of transmission are absolute construction, will certainly affect the layout in car load space.And electronlmobil major part in the market adopts is the retarder of fixed speed ratio, traction electric machine can be made like this should to provide higher instantaneous torque in permanent torque district, there is provided higher running velocity in invariable power district again, thus cause motor working efficiency lower.
Utility model content
The problem that electric drive system for electric vehicles volume is bigger than normal in order to solve, car load work efficiency is on the low side, the utility model provides a kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils, to realizing motor, the Highgrade integration of change-speed box and diff and integrated, and improve the tractive performance of electronlmobil.
The utility model is that technical solution problem adopts following technical scheme:
The power drive system of a kind of two grades of electronlmobils of the utility model, comprises rotor, stator, housing, rotor shaft, planet circular system, synchro, differential shaft, diff; Described planet circular system comprises sun gear, three planetary wheels, internally toothed annulus and pinion carriers;
Described stator is fixing on the housing, and one end of described rotor shaft is connected with described rotor, and the other end is connected with described sun gear; Described sun gear is engaged with described three planetary wheels, described three planetary wheels are engaged with described internally toothed annulus, described pinion carrier is connected on described differential shaft by key, described differential shaft is fixed on the housing of described diff, and the two ends of described diff are respectively equipped with described right main reduction gear and described left main reduction gear; On described right main reduction gear and described left main reduction gear, engagement is provided with described right master and subtracts big gear wheel and described left master subtracts big gear wheel respectively, thus utilizes described right master to subtract big gear wheel and described left master to subtract big gear wheel and drive the described right wheel that is connected with output shaft and described left wheel to travel respectively;
Its constructional feature is: arranging described rotor shaft is hollow shaft, thus makes described diff can be arranged on the inside of described rotor shaft;
Described internally toothed annulus is provided with described synchro; On described synchro, engagement is provided with described one grade and engages gear ring and described second gear joint gear ring, and described one grade of joint gear ring is fixed on described gusset, and described second gear is engaged gear ring and is connected on described differential shaft by key, thus forms gear shifting structure;
Arranging described differential shaft is hollow shaft, thus makes the gear wheel shaft of described right main reduction gear can be arranged on the inside of described differential shaft.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are embodied in:
1, the utility model adopts structure assembly design, the very high integrity achieving motor, change-speed box and diff designs and application, integrated and the integration of power drive system is more obvious, effectively reduce volume and the quality of power drive system, the size of dynamic assembly and the complexity of housing and area, compact conformation, volume is little, lightweight; And reduce tooling cost; Have employed two grades of speed-changing mechanisms simultaneously, can effectively improve car load efficiency.
2, diff is located at internal rotor by the utility model, takes full advantage of the inner space of rotor, reduces the axial dimension of whole system, thus efficiently reduces the volume of system.
3, motor transmission integral structure of the present utility model, adopts planet circular system to carry out speed change, reduces the volume of train; And adopt synchro to realize gearshift, compared with only there is the electric drive system for electric vehicles of a retarder at present, the utility model can make drive motor work long hours in efficient district, extend the continual mileage of vehicle, and the torque added when electronlmobil is started to walk, improve the driver comfort of electronlmobil.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model system architecture schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the power transmission line figure under the utility model electronlmobil is operated in one grade of situation;
Fig. 3 is the power transmission line figure under the utility model electronlmobil is operated in second gear situation;
Number in the figure: 1 rotor; 2 stators; 3 housings; 4 rotor shafts; 5 sun gears; 6 planetary wheels; 7 internally toothed annuluss; 8 pinion carriers; 9 gussets; 10 1 gears engage gear ring; 11 synchros; 12 2 gears engage gear ring; The right main reduction gear of 13a; The left main reduction gear of 13b; The right master of 14a subtracts big gear wheel; The left master of 14b subtracts big gear wheel; The right wheel of 15a; 15b left wheel; 16 differential shafts; 17 difies; 18 shift forks.
Detailed description of the invention
See Fig. 1, a kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils, comprises rotor 1, stator 2, housing 3, rotor shaft 4, planet circular system, synchro 11, differential shaft 16, diff 17; Wherein, planet circular system comprises sun gear 5, three planetary wheels 6, internally toothed annulus 7 and pinion carriers 8;
Stator 2 is fixed on housing 3, and one end of rotor shaft 4 is connected with rotor 1, and the other end is connected with sun gear 5, and when rotor 1 is with certain rotational speed, rotor shaft 4 just can make sun gear 5 with the rotational speed same with rotor 1; According to the composition of general planet circular system, sun gear 5 is engaged with three planetary wheels 6, three planetary wheels 6 are engaged with internally toothed annulus 7, according to the theory of engagement of gear, when internally toothed annulus 7 is fixed, the engagement of sun gear 5 and three planetary wheels 6 makes the rotating speed of the pinion carrier 8 be connected on three satellite gears 6 reduce, and reaches the object of primary speed-down; Pinion carrier 8 is connected on differential shaft 16 by key, and differential shaft 16 is fixed on the housing of diff 17, so just makes pinion carrier 8, differential shaft 16, diff 17 keep identical rotating speed; The two ends of diff 17 are respectively equipped with right main reduction gear 13a and left main reduction gear 13b, make right main reduction gear 13a and left main reduction gear 13b keep identical rotating speed with diff 17 again; On right main reduction gear 13a and left main reduction gear 13b, engagement is provided with right master and subtracts big gear wheel 14a and left master subtracts big gear wheel 14b respectively, according to the theory of engagement of gear, right main reduction gear 13a and right master subtract engagement that the engagement of big gear wheel 14a and left main reduction gear 13b and left master subtract big gear wheel 14b and make to subtract with right master right wheel 15a that big gear wheel 14a is connected respectively and reduce with the rotating speed that left master subtracts the left wheel 15b that big gear wheel 14b is connected, and reach the object of double reduction; Meanwhile, utilize right master to subtract big gear wheel 14a and left master to subtract big gear wheel 14b and drive the right wheel 15a that is connected with output shaft and left wheel 15b to travel respectively;
Rotor shaft 4 is set for hollow shaft, thus makes diff 17 can be arranged on the inside of rotor shaft 4, take full advantage of the inner space of rotor shaft 4;
Internally toothed annulus 7 is provided with synchro 11, and the effect of synchro 11 is by the good gear engage position of control system preset in advance, can shift gears timely when the speed of a motor vehicle reaches shifting points; Therefore, on synchro 11, engagement is provided with one grade and engages gear ring 10 and second gear and engage gear ring 12, a grade and engage gear ring 10 and be fixed on gusset 9, and second gear is engaged gear ring 12 and is connected on differential shaft 16 by key, thus forms gear shifting structure;
Differential shaft 16 is set for hollow shaft, thus makes the gear wheel shaft of right main reduction gear 13a can be arranged on the inside of differential shaft 16, and then make the right main rotating speed of reduction gear 13a keep identical with the rotating speed moment of differential shaft 16.
A kind of each gear mode of operation of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils, be according to electric automobile during traveling under different road condition, realize gearshift by the operation that the synchro 11 in power drive system is stirred or stirred left to the right, utilize synchro 11 to carry out gear shift operation and be specially:
When electronlmobil runs under close to the speed operation of a grade, by shift fork 18, synchro 11 is stirred left, make synchro 11 engage gear ring 10 with one grade and engage, and then internally toothed annulus 7 is fixed; Rotor shaft 4 carries out primary speed-down through planet circular system and exports pinion carrier 8 to, pinion carrier 8 drives differential shaft 16 to rotate, differential shaft 16 drives diff 17 to rotate, diff 17 drives left main reduction gear 13b and right main reduction gear 13a to rotate, left main reduction gear 13b and right main reduction gear 13a drives left master to subtract big gear wheel 14b and right master to subtract big gear wheel 14a and carry out double reduction respectively, and then utilizes left master to subtract big gear wheel 14b and right master to subtract big gear wheel 14a and drive left wheel 15b and right wheel 15a respectively by output shaft;
When electronlmobil runs under close to the high-speed working condition of second gear, by shift fork 18, synchro 11 is stirred to the right, make synchro 11 engage gear ring 12 with second gear to engage, and then planetary wheel 6 is fixed with the relative position of internally toothed annulus 7, namely the relative position of whole planet circular system is fixed; Rotor shaft 4 drives sun gear 5 to rotate, sun gear 5 drives differential shaft 16 to rotate, differential shaft 16 drives diff 17 to rotate, diff 17 drives left main reduction gear 13b and right main reduction gear 13a to rotate, left main reduction gear 13b and right main reduction gear 13a drives left master to subtract big gear wheel 14b and right master to subtract big gear wheel 14a and slow down respectively, and then utilizes left master to subtract big gear wheel 14b and right master to subtract big gear wheel 14a and drive left wheel 15b and right wheel 15a respectively by output shaft.
The further principle of work of the utility model is described as follows:
For actual development type pure electric automobile, gear number is 2, and Planetary Gear Transmission group reduction ratio is 2.84, and base ratio is 4.According to Gear calculation method, the number of teeth calculating each gear is as shown in table 1.
Table 1 gear table of gear tooth number
Gear Center gear Satellite gear Internally toothed annulus Main reduction gear Master subtracts big gear wheel
The number of teeth 64 26 116 15 60
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils have employed synchronizer shift power element.
The power element of each gear is as shown in table 2:
Table 2 is shifted gears power element worksheet
Note: in table, "●" represents combination, "○" represents separation;
Two forward gears and the power transmission line reversed gear of this power system of electric automobile are as follows:
1. neutral gear (N position)
During neutral, synchro 11 neither engages gear ring 10 with one grade and engages, and does not also engage gear ring 12 with second gear and engages, and now motor cannot by transmission of power to wheel, and vehicle relies on inertia traveling or comes to a halt.
2. D Drive (D position)
(1) advance one grade (D1 shelves)
Synchro 11 engages gear ring 10 with one grade and engages, and internally toothed annulus 7 is fixed.Power rotates through rotor 1 rotor driven axle 4 and sun gear 5, three planetary wheels 6 revolve round the sun around sun gear 5, pinion carrier 8 rotates with three planetary wheels 6, realize primary speed-down, and then pinion carrier 8 is moved differential shaft 16 by key connecting band and is rotated, because differential shaft 16 housing with diff 17 is connected, power subtracts big gear wheel 14a and left main reduction gear 13b eventually through diff 17 through right main reduction gear 13a, right master, left master subtracts big gear wheel 14b and realizes double reduction and export right wheel 15a and left wheel 15b respectively to.These shelves are middle low gear, are mainly used in middle low speed driving and climbing etc., and power transmission line is in such cases as in Fig. 2 comparatively shown in heavy line.
(2) advance second gear (D2 shelves)
Synchro 11 engages gear ring 12 and engages with second gear, now planetary wheel 6 is fixed with the relative position of internally toothed annulus 7, and namely the relative position of whole planet circular system is fixed.Power rotates together through rotor 1 rotor driven axle 4 and planet circular system, and then move differential shaft 16 by pinion carrier 8 by key connecting band and rotate, because differential shaft 16 housing with diff 17 is connected, power subtracts big gear wheel 14a and left main reduction gear 13b eventually through diff 17 through right main reduction gear 13a, right master, left master subtracts big gear wheel 14b and realizes slowing down and directly export right wheel 15a and left wheel 15b to.These shelves are high speed gear, are mainly used in running at high speed, and power transmission line is in such cases as in Fig. 3 comparatively shown in heavy line.
3. reverse gear (R position)
The utility model does not arrange reverse gear position specially, and reverse gear is realized by motor reversal.Power transmission line is identical with advance one grade, and because rotor 1 reverses, last wheel reversing, realizes reversing.

Claims (1)

1. a power drive system for two grades of electronlmobils, comprises rotor (1), stator (2), housing (3), rotor shaft (4), planet circular system, synchro (11), differential shaft (16), diff (17); Described planet circular system comprises sun gear (5), three planetary wheels (6), internally toothed annulus (7) and pinion carriers (8);
Described stator (2) is fixed on described housing (3), and one end of described rotor shaft (4) is connected with described rotor (1), and the other end is connected with described sun gear (5); Described sun gear (5) is engaged with described three planetary wheels (6), described three planetary wheels (6) are engaged with described internally toothed annulus (7), described pinion carrier (8) is connected on described differential shaft (16) by key, described differential shaft (16) is fixed on the housing of described diff (17), and the two ends of described diff (17) are respectively equipped with right main reduction gear (13a) and left main reduction gear (13b); On described right main reduction gear (13a) and described left main reduction gear (13b), engagement is provided with right master and subtracts big gear wheel (14a) and left master subtracts big gear wheel (14b) respectively, thus utilizes described right master to subtract big gear wheel (14a) and described left master to subtract big gear wheel (14b) and drive the right wheel (15a) that is connected with output shaft and left wheel (15b) to travel respectively;
It is characterized in that: arranging described rotor shaft (4) is hollow shaft, thus make described diff (17) that the inside of described rotor shaft (4) can be arranged on;
Described internally toothed annulus (7) is provided with described synchro (11); Be provided with one grade in the upper engagement of described synchro (11) and engage gear ring (10) and second gear joint gear ring (12), described one grade of joint gear ring (10) is fixed on gusset (9), described second gear is engaged gear ring (12) and is connected on described differential shaft (16) by key, thus forms gear shifting structure;
Arranging described differential shaft (16) is hollow shaft, thus makes the gear wheel shaft of described right main reduction gear (13a) can be arranged on the inside of described differential shaft (16).
CN201420845477.5U 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils Withdrawn - After Issue CN204340684U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420845477.5U CN204340684U (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420845477.5U CN204340684U (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204340684U true CN204340684U (en) 2015-05-20

Family

ID=53223978

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420845477.5U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204340684U (en) 2014-12-26 2014-12-26 A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204340684U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104477029A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 合肥工业大学 Electric drive system of two-gear electric automobile
DE102019207784A1 (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-12-03 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Electric drive for a vehicle in a housing

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104477029A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-01 合肥工业大学 Electric drive system of two-gear electric automobile
DE102019207784A1 (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-12-03 Zf Friedrichshafen Ag Electric drive for a vehicle in a housing

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203876574U (en) Power system assembly of two-gear electric car
CN103332108B (en) A kind of two shift power drive system systems of pure electric automobile integrated form planet circular system
CN104057821B (en) A kind of power system assembly of two gear electronlmobils
CN203697961U (en) Differential and speed change integrated two-gear rear drive assembly of electric automobile
CN104477029B (en) A kind of power drive system of two grades of electric automobiles
CN104948679B (en) A kind of three speed automatic transmission of compound gear train power maintenance
CN204749860U (en) Two driving system that keep off variable speed of electric automobile
CN103754111A (en) Differential and change speed integrated double-gear rear driving assembly of electric vehicle
CN103692907B (en) A kind of power system assembly of electronlmobil
CN101780768A (en) Two-speed automatic transmission for electric vehicle
CN203681266U (en) Power system assembly of electric automobile
CN201777128U (en) Vehicle driving system
CN103895507A (en) Motor and speed changer integrated power assembly for battery electric vehicles
CN103587411A (en) Motor-transmission integrated transmission system for blade electric vehicle
CN103066748A (en) Integrated two-gear motor transmission for pure electric vehicle
CN105346410A (en) Dual-motor power driving assembly
CN204340684U (en) A kind of power drive system of two grades of electronlmobils
CN110920367A (en) Coaxial two-gear electric drive axle
CN203331824U (en) Two-gear power transmission system of integrated planetary gear train of pure electric vehicle
CN106763565A (en) It is suitable to the three gear planet speed change mechanisms that electric vehicle is used
CN102720810B (en) Automatic transmission, the vehicle comprising this automatic transmission and process for gear thereof
CN107972461A (en) A kind of pure electric automobile bi-motor coupler
CN203039496U (en) All-in-one two-shift motor transmission for pure electric automobile
CN202251740U (en) Four-gear hybrid low-noise speed changer for passenger car
CN203713556U (en) Motor for pure electric vehicle and transmission-integrated power assembly

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150520

Effective date of abandoning: 20160817

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting