CN204334002U - A kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof - Google Patents

A kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204334002U
CN204334002U CN201420728793.4U CN201420728793U CN204334002U CN 204334002 U CN204334002 U CN 204334002U CN 201420728793 U CN201420728793 U CN 201420728793U CN 204334002 U CN204334002 U CN 204334002U
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resistance
connects
relay
pin
chip
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420728793.4U
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刘尚爱
潘亚武
张运器
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刘尚爱
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof, comprise solar components, overvoltage crowbar, automatic tracking control circuit, voltage regulator circuit, charge management module and over electrical equipment.The utility model is on the one hand to circuit integrity system redesign, multiple functional, the trend of sunlight is followed the trail of on the other hand by automatic tracking control circuit, moment allows solar panel just to the sun, achieve light-use to maximize, and the utility model circuit structure is simple, cheap, be applicable to promoting the use of.

Description

A kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solar recharging system, specifically a kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof.
Background technology
Along with the development of wireless technology, radio network technique is more and more to be put in practical application, and the general distribution of wireless sensor network is comparatively wide, and erection supply line, investment is large, and maintenance cost is high.As taked dry cell mode to power, then the Power supply of each node is limited in one's ability, to each node replacement battery not only time-consuming, effort, increase cost, and affects operating efficiency.Lasting power supply can be stablized, become a key factor of restriction oil field wireless indicator and wireless network development thereof, the development of heliotechnics makes supply power mode create rapid development, has become the developing direction of oil field wireless indicator and relay network node supply power mode thereof.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of safe and reliable and the intelligent solar charging system that light energy conversion efficiency is high and automatic tracking control circuit thereof, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof, comprise solar components, overvoltage crowbar, automatic tracking control circuit, voltage regulator circuit, charge management module and over electrical equipment, described voltage regulator circuit connects charge management module respectively, charged state indicating circuit and lithium battery, lithium battery also connects over-discharge protection circuit and automatic tracking control circuit respectively, over-discharge protection circuit also connects charging inlet and warning circuit respectively, described solar components connects overvoltage crowbar and automatic tracking control circuit respectively, overvoltage crowbar also connects warning circuit respectively, outside urgent charging inlet and charge management module.
Described automatic tracking control circuit comprises chip U1, photo resistance RT1, potentiometer RP1, motor M and relay J 1, chip U1 pin 1 is contact resistance R6 and resistance R7, chip U1 pin 2 contact resistance R1 respectively respectively, resistance R2, diode D1 negative pole and chip U1 pin 6, chip U1 pin 3 connects electric capacity C2 and potentiometer RP2 slide plate respectively, chip U1 pin 4 ground connection, chip U1 pin 5 connects electric capacity C1 and potentiometer RP1 slide plate respectively, chip U1 pin 7 respectively contact resistance R3 and resistance R4, chip U1 pin 8 connects photo resistance RT1 respectively, resistance R1, resistance R3, electric capacity C5, diode D2 negative pole, relay J 1 coil, relay J 1 contact pin 1, relay J 2 contact pin 1, electric capacity C4, relay J 2 coil, diode D3 negative pole, the resistance R6 other end and photo resistance RT4, the photo resistance RT4 other end connects potentiometer RP2, and the potentiometer RP2 other end connects photo resistance RT3, and the photo resistance RT3 other end connects photo resistance RT2 respectively, the electric capacity C1 other end, the electric capacity C2 other end, diode D1 positive pole and the resistance R2 other end ground connection, the photo resistance RT2 other end connects potentiometer RP1, the potentiometer RP1 other end connects the photo resistance RT1 other end, the described resistance R4 other end is contact resistance R5 and electric capacity C3 respectively, the electric capacity C3 other end respectively contact resistance R7 other end and triode Q2 base stage ground connection, triode Q2 collector electrode connects electric capacity C4 respectively, diode D3 positive pole and the relay J 2 coil other end, relay J 2 contact pin 2 connects relay J 1 contact pin 2 and ground connection, relay J 2 contact pin 3 connects relay J 1 contact pin 3 by motor M, described triode Q2 emitter connecting triode Q1 emitter ground connection, the triode Q1 base stage contact resistance R5 other end, triode Q1 collector electrode connects the electric capacity C5 other end respectively, diode D2 positive pole and relay J 1 coil.
As further program of the utility model: described chip U1 model is LM2903.
As the utility model further scheme: described photo resistance RT1, RT3 and photo resistance RT2, RT3 lay respectively at solar energy sunshade plate both sides.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: the utility model is on the one hand to circuit integrity system redesign, multiple functional, the trend of sunlight is followed the trail of on the other hand by automatic tracking control circuit, moment allows solar panel just to the sun, achieve light-use and maximize, and the utility model circuit structure is simple, cheap, be applicable to promoting the use of.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of a kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof;
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram of automatic tracking control circuit in a kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
Refer to Fig. 1 ~ 2, in the utility model embodiment, a kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof, comprise solar components, overvoltage crowbar, automatic tracking control circuit, voltage regulator circuit, charge management module and over electrical equipment, voltage regulator circuit connects charge management module respectively, charged state indicating circuit and lithium battery, lithium battery also connects over-discharge protection circuit and automatic tracking control circuit respectively, over-discharge protection circuit also connects charging inlet and warning circuit respectively, solar components connects overvoltage crowbar and automatic tracking control circuit respectively, overvoltage crowbar also connects warning circuit respectively, outside urgent charging inlet and charge management module.
Automatic tracking control circuit comprises chip U1, photo resistance RT1, potentiometer RP1, motor M and relay J 1, chip U1 pin 1 is contact resistance R6 and resistance R7, chip U1 pin 2 contact resistance R1 respectively respectively, resistance R2, diode D1 negative pole and chip U1 pin 6, chip U1 pin 3 connects electric capacity C2 and potentiometer RP2 slide plate respectively, chip U1 pin 4 ground connection, chip U1 pin 5 connects electric capacity C1 and potentiometer RP1 slide plate respectively, chip U1 pin 7 respectively contact resistance R3 and resistance R4, chip U1 pin 8 connects photo resistance RT1 respectively, resistance R1, resistance R3, electric capacity C5, diode D2 negative pole, relay J 1 coil, relay J 1 contact pin 1, relay J 2 contact pin 1, electric capacity C4, relay J 2 coil, diode D3 negative pole, the resistance R6 other end and photo resistance RT4, the photo resistance RT4 other end connects potentiometer RP2, and the potentiometer RP2 other end connects photo resistance RT3, and the photo resistance RT3 other end connects photo resistance RT2 respectively, the electric capacity C1 other end, the electric capacity C2 other end, diode D1 positive pole and the resistance R2 other end ground connection, the photo resistance RT2 other end connects potentiometer RP1, the potentiometer RP1 other end connects the photo resistance RT1 other end, the resistance R4 other end is contact resistance R5 and electric capacity C3 respectively, the electric capacity C3 other end respectively contact resistance R7 other end and triode Q2 base stage ground connection, triode Q2 collector electrode connects electric capacity C4 respectively, diode D3 positive pole and the relay J 2 coil other end, relay J 2 contact pin 2 connects relay J 1 contact pin 2 and ground connection, relay J 2 contact pin 3 connects relay J 1 contact pin 3 by motor M, triode Q2 emitter connecting triode Q1 emitter ground connection, the triode Q1 base stage contact resistance R5 other end, triode Q1 collector electrode connects the electric capacity C5 other end respectively, diode D2 positive pole and relay J 1 coil.
Chip U1 model is LM2903.
Photo resistance RT1, RT3 and photo resistance RT2, RT3 lay respectively at solar energy sunshade plate both sides.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: existing photovoltaic cell, and the output voltage of monomer is all very low (at below 1V), in the utility model, is in series by multiple photovoltaic cell, composition solar components.Ensure that by the supply network of duty ratio automatically can be regulated output voltage is basicly stable when intensity of illumination change and load variations, for charging management chip provides stable voltage input.By monitoring the secondary voltage of supply network, protection charging management chip does not damage because of overtension.By the voltage monitoring to battery two ends, ensure that lithium battery can not damage because of overdischarge.Because the power reguirements of wireless indicator and relay network node thereof is 313V, adopt the CMOS type voltage regulator of low noise, high speed.Under automatic tracking controller effect, remain the round-the-clock tracking sun.In order to prevent the solar powered deficiency caused because of overcast and rainy continuously, design emergent charging circuit, between charge period, wireless indicator and node thereof normally run.
Light sensor is formed by two photo resistance series connection combined crosswise respectively, and each one of organizing in two photo resistance is the upper offset resistance of comparator, and another is below-center offset resistance.One is detected solar irradiation, another then testing environment illumination, and the comparative level delivering to comparator input terminal is always the difference of both illumination.Refer to Fig. 2, photo resistance RT1, RT2 and potentiometer RP1 and photo resistance RT3, RT4 and potentiometer RP2 form light sensor circuit respectively.Photo resistance RT1 and RT3 is arranged on the side of vertical sunshade plate, photo resistance RT4 and RT2 is arranged on opposite side.When photo resistance RT1 ~ RT4 is simultaneously by naturally effect of light, the central point voltage of potentiometer RP1 and RP2 is constant.When only photo resistance RT1, RT3 is subject to solar light irradiation, the internal resistance of photo resistance RT1 reduces, chip U1 pin 5 current potential raises, and chip U1 pin 7 exports high level, triode Q1 conducting, relay J 2 works, its closing of contact, the RT3 of photo resistance simultaneously internal resistance reduces, and chip U1 pin 3 current potential declines, relay J 1 does not work, and motor M rotates forward; When only having photo resistance RT2, RT4 by solar light irradiation, in like manner, motor M is reversed.When the illuminance forwarding vertical sunshade plate both sides to is identical, relay J 1 and J2 all conductings, motor M just stall.In the sun ceaselessly migration process, the power constantly alternately change of vertical sunshade plate both sides illuminance, motor M is ceaselessly moved, and makes solar attachment face the sun all the time.

Claims (3)

1. an intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof, comprise solar components, overvoltage crowbar, automatic tracking control circuit, voltage regulator circuit, charge management module and over electrical equipment, it is characterized in that, described voltage regulator circuit connects charge management module respectively, charged state indicating circuit and lithium battery, lithium battery also connects over-discharge protection circuit and automatic tracking control circuit respectively, over-discharge protection circuit also connects charging inlet and warning circuit respectively, described solar components connects overvoltage crowbar and automatic tracking control circuit respectively, overvoltage crowbar also connects warning circuit respectively, outside urgent charging inlet and charge management module,
Described automatic tracking control circuit comprises chip U1, photo resistance RT1, potentiometer RP1, motor M and relay J 1, chip U1 pin 1 is contact resistance R6 and resistance R7, chip U1 pin 2 contact resistance R1 respectively respectively, resistance R2, diode D1 negative pole and chip U1 pin 6, chip U1 pin 3 connects electric capacity C2 and potentiometer RP2 slide plate respectively, chip U1 pin 4 ground connection, chip U1 pin 5 connects electric capacity C1 and potentiometer RP1 slide plate respectively, chip U1 pin 7 respectively contact resistance R3 and resistance R4, chip U1 pin 8 connects photo resistance RT1 respectively, resistance R1, resistance R3, electric capacity C5, diode D2 negative pole, relay J 1 coil, relay J 1 contact pin 1, relay J 2 contact pin 1, electric capacity C4, relay J 2 coil, diode D3 negative pole, the resistance R6 other end and photo resistance RT4, the photo resistance RT4 other end connects potentiometer RP2, and the potentiometer RP2 other end connects photo resistance RT3, and the photo resistance RT3 other end connects photo resistance RT2 respectively, the electric capacity C1 other end, the electric capacity C2 other end, diode D1 positive pole and the resistance R2 other end ground connection, the photo resistance RT2 other end connects potentiometer RP1, the potentiometer RP1 other end connects the photo resistance RT1 other end, the described resistance R4 other end is contact resistance R5 and electric capacity C3 respectively, the electric capacity C3 other end respectively contact resistance R7 other end and triode Q2 base stage ground connection, triode Q2 collector electrode connects electric capacity C4 respectively, diode D3 positive pole and the relay J 2 coil other end, relay J 2 contact pin 2 connects relay J 1 contact pin 2 and ground connection, relay J 2 contact pin 3 connects relay J 1 contact pin 3 by motor M, described triode Q2 emitter connecting triode Q1 emitter ground connection, the triode Q1 base stage contact resistance R5 other end, triode Q1 collector electrode connects the electric capacity C5 other end respectively, diode D2 positive pole and relay J 1 coil.
2. intelligent solar charging system according to claim 1 and automatic tracking control circuit thereof, is characterized in that, described chip U1 model is LM2903.
3. intelligent solar charging system according to claim 1 and automatic tracking control circuit thereof, is characterized in that, described photo resistance RT1, RT3 and photo resistance RT2, RT3 lay respectively at solar energy sunshade plate both sides.
CN201420728793.4U 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof Expired - Fee Related CN204334002U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420728793.4U CN204334002U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420728793.4U CN204334002U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104467088A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 刘尚爱 Intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104467088A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 刘尚爱 Intelligent solar charging system and automatic tracking control circuit thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150513

Termination date: 20151128