CN204328868U - A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device - Google Patents

A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204328868U
CN204328868U CN201520004043.7U CN201520004043U CN204328868U CN 204328868 U CN204328868 U CN 204328868U CN 201520004043 U CN201520004043 U CN 201520004043U CN 204328868 U CN204328868 U CN 204328868U
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China
Prior art keywords
condenser
light
power
light source
sunlight
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520004043.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张军
韩广军
郭应时
张道配
袁子薇
张子琛
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Changan University
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Changan University
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Priority to CN201520004043.7U priority Critical patent/CN204328868U/en
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Publication of CN204328868U publication Critical patent/CN204328868U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device, comprise sunlight collecting mechanism, described sunlight collecting mechanism comprises base, on base, the movable light source being provided with condenser and coordinate with condenser receives mirror, sunlight receives mirror through light source and converges to condenser, then utilizes light guide optical fiber that sunlight is delivered to indoor and utilizes.The utility model adopts unique light source collecting mechanism, realizes the high-power polymerization of solar source, and be passed to indoor under harmless condition, the light source of collection is utilized effectively; What coordinate with light guide optical fiber in indoor setting utilizes mechanism, adopts spectroscope to improve the efficiency of light energy utilization, realizes a light multiplex, and can regulate easily as required; This apparatus structure is simple, low to the requirement of applied environment, easy to use, meets current building energy conservation theory, can meet the user demand of most of user, be convenient to promote the use of.

Description

A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of solar, is specifically related to the convenient gatherer of a kind of high-power sunlight.
Background technology
Natural daylight is full spectral radiance, can suppress microbial growth, improve indoor living environment, people can be made under the shower of sunlight to feel comfortably cool happiness in psychology and physiology, be of value to physically and mentally healthy, for the working and learning of people, than artificial light, there is better visual effect.The appearance of optical lighting system, it is a kind of lighting system that effectively can utilize natural daylight, compared with traditional lighting, it does not have photovoltaic energy conversion process, but directly the place that sunlight gathering throws light on to indoor needs, light is soft, even, light intensity can regulate as required, flicker free, free from glare, pollution-free.Propose some light guides in prior art, but ubiquitous defect is: sunshine power utilization is lower, can not meets the requirement of most of user, the coupled fiber of spotlight is carrying out the larger problem of loss in transmitting procedure.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device, solves sunshine power utilization lower, and the coupled fiber of spotlight is carrying out the problem that in transmitting procedure, loss ratio is larger.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, the utility model by the following technical solutions:
A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device, comprise sunlight collecting mechanism, described sunlight collecting mechanism comprises base, on base, the movable light source being provided with condenser and coordinate with condenser receives mirror, sunlight receives mirror through light source and converges to condenser, then utilizes light guide optical fiber that sunlight is delivered to indoor and utilizes.
Further, between described condenser and light guide optical fiber, be provided with the first fiber coupler, through the light of condenser to be undertaken by the first fiber coupler coupling laggard enter in light guide optical fiber.
Further, described light guide optical fiber extend into indoor one end and is provided with the second fiber coupler, and the second fiber coupler is provided with spectroscope.
Further, described base is fixedly mounted on top of building by fixed head, and base is provided with mounting pipe by rotation mechanism in vertical shaft, and mounting pipe is provided with support, the condenser on support described in movable installation.
Further, described support is provided with sunlight tracking sensor, sunlight tracking sensor is connected with the message handler arranged in the base.
Further, described mounting pipe is provided with the vertical rotating mechaism for adjusting pole angle, vertical rotating mechaism, rotation mechanism in vertical shaft are all connected to described message handler.
Further, receive on mirror at light source and be provided with transparent shield, light is penetrated on condenser after transparent shield.
Further, it is convex lens that described light source receives mirror, and condenser is arranged on light source and receives mirror foci position.
Further, described spectroscope is provided with shadow shield.
Further, described support is funnel-form, and light source receives mirror and is arranged on the large end of support, and condenser is arranged on the small end of support.
Further, described light guide optical fiber outer wrap one deck protection tube.
The utility model has following technical characterstic:
1. adopt unique light source collecting mechanism, realize the high-power polymerization of solar source, and be passed to indoor under harmless condition, the light source of collection is utilized effectively;
2. be provided with sunshine tracking mechanism, make condenser can aim at solar direction all the time, ensure within the scope of whole day condenser have desirable towards, make it receive light source as much as possible;
3. be provided with harmful light filtering mechanism, make the ultraviolet in sunshine, radioactive ray etc. not import indoor into by optical fiber, ensure to use up safety;
4. what coordinate with light guide optical fiber in indoor setting utilizes mechanism, adopts spectroscope to improve the efficiency of light energy utilization, realizes a light multiplex, and can regulate easily as required;
5. this apparatus structure is simple, low to the requirement of applied environment, easy to use, meets current building energy conservation theory, can meet the user demand of most of user, be convenient to promote the use of.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is right view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of spectroscope part;
In figure, the implication of each label is: 1-fixed head, 2-base, 3-message handler, 4-rotation mechanism in vertical shaft, 5-support, 6-condenser, 7-sunlight tracking sensor, 8-light source receives mirror, 9-vertical rotating mechaism, 10-mounting pipe, 11-transparent shield, 12-vertically rotate DC speed-reducing, 13-light guide optical fiber, 14-spectroscope, the 15-the second fiber coupler, 16-protection tube, 17-horizontally rotate DC speed-reducing;
Detailed description of the invention
Traditional light guide complex structure, the efficiency of light energy utilization is low, and does not have matching used user side, causes multiple restriction to the utilization of light guide.A kind of device of energy efficiency utilization light source of solar energy is proposed in this programme:
A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device, comprise sunlight collecting mechanism, described sunlight collecting mechanism comprises base 2, on base 2, the movable light source being provided with condenser 6 and coordinate with condenser 6 receives mirror 8, sunlight receives mirror 8 through light source and converges to condenser 6, then utilizes light guide optical fiber 13 that sunlight is delivered to indoor and utilizes.
Sunlight collecting mechanism in this programme refers to the mechanism that can carry out sunlight collection, and it is arranged on base 2, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, is convenient to arrange.Unlike the prior art, in this programme, be provided with light source in sunlight collecting mechanism and receive mirror 8, can effectively converge sunshine, the light of convergence passes to condenser 6, and it is convex lens that light source receives mirror 8, after light collection, by light guide optical fiber 13, sunlight is delivered to indoor use.This structure is very simple and effective, can reduce costs, and is convenient to install and promote the use of.
In order to make this programme structure more optimize, further following technical characteristic is proposed:
Be provided with the first fiber coupler between condenser 6 and light guide optical fiber 13, through the light of condenser 6 to be undertaken by the first fiber coupler coupling laggard enter in light guide optical fiber 13.
First fiber coupler is preferably disposed on condenser 6 focal position, be install to coordinate with the first fiber coupler, the light of convergence is beaten after on light-receiving mirror, through lens, then the first fiber coupler is coupled to sunshine, carries out the preparation before light transmission.After sunshine is coupled by the first fiber coupler, utilize light guide optical fiber 13 to transmit, these light are transported to indoor, can carry out the utilization of terminal to light.Owing to have employed condenser 6 and fiber coupler, make the brightness of light high, indoor instructions for use can be reached.
As the indoor use terminal of light, the second fiber coupler 15 and spectroscope 14 is provided with in this programme, second fiber coupler 15 is corresponding with the first fiber coupler, one of them is to coupling light, and another is dispersed light, after the second fiber coupler 15 pairs divergence of beam, light is radiated on spectroscope 14, light can be divided into different light beams by spectroscope 14, and then these light separated can utilize respectively in different occasion, increases the utilization ratio of light; And on spectroscope 14, be also provided with shadow shield, shadow shield is equivalent to switch, can stop different towards light, use convenient and hommization.
In this programme, in order to make sunlight collecting mechanism get sunlight resource as much as possible better, base 2 is preferably disposed on top of building.Be provided with fixed head 1 bottom base 2, fixed head 1 is provided with installing hole.Base 2 is provided with mounting pipe 10 by rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4, mounting pipe 10 is provided with support 5, the condenser 6 on support 5 described in movable installation.Mounting pipe 10 is hollow pipe, is convenient to by light guide optical fiber 13.
On base 2 arrange rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4, support 5 360 ° of rotation in horizontal extent on base 2 can be controlled, be convenient to adjust light source reception mirror 8 towards, in the middle of one day not in the same time, the position of the sun is different, utilizes this rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4, facilitates the adjustment of condenser 6.The structure of rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4 can adopt multiple, utilizes rotating shaft or gear fit structure.
In order to make condenser 6 accomplish automatic sun-tracking, in this programme, support 5 is provided with sunlight tracking sensor 7, sunlight tracking sensor 7 is connected with the message handler 3 be arranged in base 2.
Sunlight tracing sensor can carry out the judgement of position of sun according to the power of current light, and these information are passed to message handler 3.
Mounting pipe 10 is provided with the vertical rotating mechaism 9 for adjusting pole 5 angle, vertical rotating mechaism 9, rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4 are all connected to described message handler 3; Vertical rotating mechaism 9 can make condenser 6 adjust the angle on support 5.
In this programme, be automatic to the tracing process of the sun, relate to two parts here:
First is equipment of will following spot, and is provided with aforesaid sunlight tracing sensor in this programme;
Second is to arrange according to the information-driven condenser 6 of sunlight tracing sensor towards the equipment of the sun, is provided with vertical rotating mechaism 9 and rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4 in this programme.
In this programme, be provided with motor in two rotating mechanisms, motor is through gear drive axis of rotation.Particularly, rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4 comprises and horizontally rotates DC speed-reducing 17, horizontally rotating DC speed-reducing 17 outer end is threaded connection in base 2 shell upper end with horizontally rotating drive bevel gear, horizontally rotate drive bevel gear and horizontally rotate driven gear and coordinate, horizontally rotate driven gear and tumbler adopts interference fit, rotating mechanism is connected with base 2 connecting bolt by tumbler with base 2 jockey, vertical rotating mechaism 9 comprises vertically rotation DC speed-reducing 12, vertical rotation DC speed-reducing 12 is arranged on vertical rack 5 shell wall, vertical rotation DC speed-reducing 12 external belt vertically rotates driving gear, vertical rotation driving gear with vertically rotate driven gear and coordinate.
Sunlight tracing sensor, according to light information, passes to message handler 3, and message handler 3 drives two motor to rotate, and makes light source receive mirror 8 towards the direction of the sun, achieves automatic light tracking.
Owing to also including the harmful light such as ultraviolet, ray in the available light of the sun, therefore transparent shield 11 is provided with in this programme, the light of some frequency bands such as transparent shield 11 pairs of ultraviolets is tackled, and makes the light be harmful to not enter into indoor.
In order to improve light transmission efficiency and light luminance, in this programme, condenser 6 is concavees lens, and daylighting power is far longer than the daylighting power of current existing sunshine tracing device; Condenser 6 is arranged on light source and receives mirror 8 focal position, and condenser 6 makes light collection effect strengthen, thus greatly improves the conduction efficiency of light; Such set-up mode, makes light can converge on condenser 6, is convenient to the coupling of light.
Support 5 is funnel-form, and one end that support 5 opening is larger is large end, and the other end is small end, then light source receives mirror 8 and is arranged on large end, and condenser 6 is arranged on small end; This structure can make light fully converge, and support 5 is light tight, and the light making light source receive mirror 8 convergence can fully pass to condenser 6.
Light guide optical fiber 13 outer wrap one deck protection tube 16, as shown in Figure 3, reduces the loss in light conduction process.
The operation principle of this device is as follows:
Sunlight tracking sensor 7 follows the tracks of the orientation of the sun, and the information collected successively is delivered to message handler 3, and message handler 3 drives rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4 and vertical rotating mechaism 9 to operate.Rotation mechanism in vertical shaft 4 is according to the information received swinging mounting 5 in horizontal extent, simultaneously vertical rotating mechaism 9 adjust minute surface that light source receives mirror 8 towards, can adjust for the difference of whole day solar azimuth, make light source receive mirror 8 all the time just to the sun.Light source receives mirror 8 and can highly gather, converge, filter sunlight, and transparent shield 11 can to ultraviolet, the radioactive rays such as infrared ray are tackled, and solar energy does not need through any type of power conversion in the process, only that existing sunlight is shifted, the light being received mirror 8 by light source is incident upon on condenser 6, then the sunshine of condenser 6 is coupled in high-power light guide optical fiber 13 by the first fiber coupler, sunshine is delivered to the second fiber coupler 15 by light guide optical fiber 13, then the sunshine in light guide optical fiber 13 is coupled in spectroscope 14 and goes by the second fiber coupler 15 again, sunshine now will scatter to the place of needs.
When reality uses, in order to protect condenser 6, light source to receive mirror 8, support 5 is also provided with transparent shield 11, transparent shield 11 covers sunlight tracking sensor 7, condenser 6, light source reception mirror 8; In the present embodiment, in order to improve sunlight collecting rate, condenser 6 adopts large round concavees lens, substantially increases daylighting power; Transparent shield 11 adopts allyl resin acrylic material to make; this protective cover can play a protective role to whole device; it can be separated effectively, filter, tackle the harmful radioactive ray of ultraviolet, infrared ray, prevention enters light source and receives mirror 8; but also the materials such as rain, snow and dust can be stoped to receive the impact of mirror 8 daylighting to light source, what guarantee condenser 6 was stable carries out daylighting operation.
Light guide optical fiber 13 adopts major diameter mainly to solve the impact of light loss late in transmitting procedure; Light guide optical fiber 13 skin cover one deck protection tube 16, mainly reduces the loss of sunlight in transmitting procedure; In the present embodiment, spectroscope 14 adopts two prisms to be stitched together; For improving the utilization rate of sunshine further, in the present embodiment, power acquisition solar panel, solar panel is fixedly installed on base 2, solar energy can be changed into electric energy and store, for horizontally rotating structure and vertical rotational structure provides electric energy, thus whole device is ensured to work alone and completely without other external power supply.

Claims (10)

1. a high-power sunshine lead-in device, comprise sunlight collecting mechanism, it is characterized in that, described sunlight collecting mechanism comprises base (2), the upper movable light source being provided with condenser (6) and coordinate with condenser (6) of base (2) receives mirror (8), sunlight receives mirror (8) through light source and converges to condenser (6), then utilizes light guide optical fiber (13) that sunlight is delivered to indoor and utilizes.
2. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with the first fiber coupler between described condenser (6) and light guide optical fiber (13), through the light of condenser (6) to be undertaken by the first fiber coupler coupling laggard enter in light guide optical fiber (13).
3. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described light guide optical fiber (13) extend into indoor one end and is provided with the second fiber coupler (15), the second fiber coupler (15) is provided with spectroscope (14).
4. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described base (2) is fixedly mounted on top of building by fixed head (1), base (2) is provided with mounting pipe (10) by rotation mechanism in vertical shaft (4), mounting pipe (10) is provided with support (5), the upper condenser (6) described in movable installation of support (5).
5. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described support (5) is provided with sunlight tracking sensor (7), and sunlight tracking sensor (7) is connected with the message handler (3) be arranged in base (2).
6. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described mounting pipe (10) is provided with the vertical rotating mechaism (9) for adjusting pole (5) angle, vertical rotating mechaism (9), rotation mechanism in vertical shaft (4) are all connected to described message handler (3).
7. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, receive on mirror (8) at light source and be provided with transparent shield (11), light is penetrated on condenser (6) after transparent shield (11).
8. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, it is convex lens that described light source receives mirror (8), and condenser (6) is arranged on light source and receives mirror (8) focal position.
9. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that, described spectroscope (14) is provided with shadow shield.
10. high-power sunshine lead-in device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described support (5) is funnel-form, light source receives mirror (8) and is arranged on the large end of support (5), and condenser (6) is arranged on the small end of support (5).
CN201520004043.7U 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device Expired - Fee Related CN204328868U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520004043.7U CN204328868U (en) 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520004043.7U CN204328868U (en) 2015-01-04 2015-01-04 A kind of high-power sunshine lead-in device

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106152047A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-11-23 汉舟四川环保科技有限公司 A kind of sunlight automatic tracing optical lighting system
WO2016187825A1 (en) * 2015-05-26 2016-12-01 许亮芳 Solar energy power generating device
CN106871069A (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-06-20 哈尔滨市三和佳美科技发展有限公司 Sunlight optical fibre lighting device
CN108006580A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-05-08 浙江海洋大学 A kind of bionical sunflower leaded light mirror and its mobile device
CN111102938A (en) * 2019-06-20 2020-05-05 杭州光粒科技有限公司 Object three-dimensional topography measuring method, system and computer readable storage medium

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2016187825A1 (en) * 2015-05-26 2016-12-01 许亮芳 Solar energy power generating device
CN106871069A (en) * 2015-12-10 2017-06-20 哈尔滨市三和佳美科技发展有限公司 Sunlight optical fibre lighting device
CN106152047A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-11-23 汉舟四川环保科技有限公司 A kind of sunlight automatic tracing optical lighting system
CN108006580A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-05-08 浙江海洋大学 A kind of bionical sunflower leaded light mirror and its mobile device
CN108006580B (en) * 2017-12-01 2019-04-05 浙江海洋大学 A kind of bionical sunflower leaded light mirror and its mobile device
CN111102938A (en) * 2019-06-20 2020-05-05 杭州光粒科技有限公司 Object three-dimensional topography measuring method, system and computer readable storage medium

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150513

Termination date: 20160104