CN204325226U - Rubbish carbonization reaction system - Google Patents

Rubbish carbonization reaction system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204325226U
CN204325226U CN201420575439.2U CN201420575439U CN204325226U CN 204325226 U CN204325226 U CN 204325226U CN 201420575439 U CN201420575439 U CN 201420575439U CN 204325226 U CN204325226 U CN 204325226U
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China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
reaction
kettle
reactor
casing
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CN201420575439.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沙嫣
沙晓林
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Nantong Johnson security Polytron Technologies Inc
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沙嫣
沙晓林
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Priority to CN201410293336.1A priority Critical patent/CN104031713A/en
Priority to CN2014102933361 priority
Application filed by 沙嫣, 沙晓林 filed Critical 沙嫣
Priority to CN201420575439.2U priority patent/CN204325226U/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L5/00Solid fuels
    • C10L5/40Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin
    • C10L5/46Solid fuels essentially based on materials of non-mineral origin on sewage, house, or town refuse
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of rubbish carbonization reaction system, comprises reactor, reaction box, vapour generator and control device; Wherein, vapour generator ligation still, described vapour generator is used for providing steam to described reactor; Described reaction box, for placing rubbish, when reacted, is pushed the reaction of described reactor and generates charing mixture by described reaction box; After reaction completes, described reaction box is pulled out from described reactor.Described reactor comprises kettle and kettle cover; Described kettle and described kettle cover are tightly connected; Described control device connects described reactor, and described control device is for controlling change and the reaction times of pressure and temperature in described reactor; The first guide rail that the length direction along described kettle extends is provided with in kettle.The utility model organization plan is reasonable, equipment is advanced, level of automation is high, equipment investment cost is low, required area of mill site is little, and obtained biomass fuel combustion value high, discharge low.

Description

Rubbish carbonization reaction system
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of domestic garbage treatment, particularly, relates to a kind of rubbish carbonization reaction system.
Background technology
According to data, China's domestic waste average growth rate per annum is 8% ~ 10%, within 2013, domestic waste reaches 2.6 hundred million tons, and the annual domestic refuse also nearly hundred million tons in rural area, the domestic refuse grown with each passing day has become the significant problem of puzzlement Economic development and environmental improvement.To this, country and local governments at various levels pay much attention to, in recent years China has newly put into effect a series of new policy and new planning, policy is made to refuse treatment problem and practicality is set forth comprehensively, particularly " 12 " period, country formulates great planning to field of Environment Protection and waste management, for China's domestic rubbish disposal project provides important development opportunity.Meanwhile, " 18 is large " clearly proposes the content such as " conservation culture ", " beautiful China ", " economizing on resources ", " protection of the environment ", and this creates very large development space also to refuse treatment industry.The master file relating to refuse treatment at present has:
1. on April 19th, 2012; the General Office of the State Council has printed and distributed " planning of " 12 " national application of city life garbage harmless treatment Facilities Construction " (Office of the State Council is sent out [2012] No. 23); this planning is worked out by State Development and Reform Commission, house town and country construction portion, Environmental Protection Department three ministries and commissions combination weave; illustrate the target of whole nation application of city life garbage harmless treatment in " 12 " period Facilities Construction, main task and safeguards, specify the focus of government work.This is the programmatic document that China's Municipal Solid-state Garbage-disposal Facilities is built, planning construction gross investment 2,636 hundred million yuan.
2. on June 16th, 2012, State Council has printed and distributed " " 12 " energy-conserving and environment-protective industrial development planning " (No. [2012] 19, promulgated by the State Council), relate to the content of the aspects such as technical equipment, energy-conserving product, energy-conserving and environment-protective service, particularly in major fields, refer to renewable resource utilization specially, the associated viscera of the aspects such as kitchen castoff recycling and refuse treatment.
3. on July 9th, 2012, State Council has printed and distributed " " 12 " national strategy new industry development program " (No. [2012] 28, promulgated by the State Council), proposes the advanced environmental protection industry of development, promotes the content such as rubbish and Hazardous wastes process disposal; Development resource recycle industry, gives priority to the waste and old commodity recovery system supported with modern technique, the contents such as kitchen castoff, agriculture and forestry organic waste material, waste textile and waste or used plastics goods recycling.
4. on August 6th, 2012, State Council has printed and distributed " notice about " 12 " of printing and distributing energy-saving and emission-reduction plan " (No. [2012] 40, promulgated by the State Council), proposes to strengthen town environment infrastructure construction; Implement rural area cleaning project, categorized consumer waste is encouraged to collect and decrement harmless treatment on the spot, select economical, be suitable for, safe process disposal technology, raising rubbish processing to be harmless level, urban-rural integration refuse treatment pattern is progressively promoted in the rural area of cities and towns periphery and environmental sensitive area; Accelerate the construction of domestic rubbish disposal disposal facility in cities and towns, strengthening percolate is disposed; Reinforcement policy is implemented and is guided, and encourages to adopt Energy Management Contract to implement reducing energy consumption, promotes environmental protection facility socialization, the specialized runnings such as town sewage, refuse treatment and enterprise pollution improvement.
5. on October 8th, 2012, Environmental Protection Department, National Development and Reform Committee, Ministry of Industry and Information, ministries and commissions of the Ministry of Health four combine and have printed and distributed " " 12 " Hazardous Wastes Management control program " (No. [2012] 123, environment-development), propose and carry out Hazardous wastes investigation, try to explore Hazardous wastes Sources decreasing, plan as a whole to advance dangerous waste incineration, landfills etc. centrally dispose Facilities Construction, scientific development Hazardous wastes utilizes and service industry, strengthen relating to heavy metal Hazardous wastes innoxious use to dispose, advance clinical waste harmlessness disposing, promote non-industrial source and left over by history Hazardous wastes utilization disposal, promote operation management and state of the art, strengthen the 9 large tasks such as Hazardous wastes supervisory system construction.
According to these public documents above-mentioned, can gem-purely see, refuse treatment has become the technical field that country attaches great importance to, but we also see that technology of garbage disposal also exists a lot of deficiencies, drawback and technological gap up till now simultaneously.
Make a general survey of other countries of the world, there is very severe problem equally in refuse treatment, especially developing country and relative poor and backward country, the problems such as sanitary fill is as serious in mountain, environmental pollution become increasingly conspicuous, and need the method treating refuse of employing science, efficient, environmental protection badly.
Current waste disposal method mainly comprises burning disposal, sanitary landfill, sorting compost.Burning disposal and sanitary landfill, not only than great, also in the gesture of rising gradually, and sort compost atrophy gradually, and on the other hand, country is in publicity and advance having little effect in refuse classification process, and this all makes refuse treatment difficulty strengthen.More outstanding, all there is many defects to focusing on of rubbish in prior art, continue to cause secondary pollution to environment, the addressing of garbage burning factory more causes negative impact to social stability.Mainly there is following defect and problem in conventional garbage treatment process:
(1) burning disposal
1, gaseous emission, causes secondary pollution
Adopt the treating refuse of burning mode, usually need to add auxiliary fuel, the coal of such as 5-10%, not only increase cost, add the discharge of carbon monoxide, sulfurous gas simultaneously, produce multiple obnoxious flavour especially in burning in addition, secondary pollution is caused to environment.Wherein to environmental influence the most outstanding be Dioxins, the toxicity of Dioxins is very large, is 130 times of prussiate, 900 times of arsenic, has the title of " poison in century ".Meanwhile, all there is the problem that whole plant area stinks to high heaven in garbage burning factory, and also having the regular air environment of periphery obviously affects.Exactly because incineration treatment of garbage has very serious impact to surrounding enviroment, the area such as recent China Foshan, Zhejiang Hangzhou there occurs the Mass disturbance of a lot of mass protest government building waste incineration project, affects very severe.
2, combustionresidue, still needs to take up an area landfill
Burning disposal rubbish can produce the combustionresidue of 20%-25%, and prior art is normally by extrusion molding after residue harmless treatment and landfill, and this still will occupy a large amount of soil.Owing to containing heavy metal and other objectionable impuritiess in residue, treatment technology requirement is high, treatment facility is complicated, processing cost is high, if some incineration plant fully can not carry out harmless treatment or process is thorough by residue, this by can soil be given again, underground water causes serious pollution.
3, enormous investment, economy return is very micro-
Burning disposal rubbish needs enormous investment, the incineration plant that the treating refuse of 1 year is 300,000 tons needs investment 3.2 hundred million-3.5 hundred million, be mainly used in buying large-area soil, complicated equipment, facility investment in particular for harmless treatment emission gases and combustionresidue is large, technical sophistication, the economic benefit generally will reach 50% of total investment for construction, this causes, and project cost is high, return period is long, reducing the project implementation.More there is indivedual enterprise to be the effect that investment that interests reduce these treatment facilities does not by fair means or foul reach harmless treatment, bring very big hidden danger to surrounding enviroment and common people's health.
(2) sanitary landfill
Garbage loading embeading its by will stack in refuse collecting or in directly placing into the soil, not carry out harmless treatment to rubbish, remain the hidden danger such as a large amount of bacteriums, virus, heavy metal contamination and imbed underground in the lump; Its garbage leaching liquid can permanent ground contamination groundwater resource, and in seashore is built landfill yard in some areas, works the mischief to coastal waters water and marine organisms.Garbage loading embeading not only wastes the land resources needed for a large amount of landfill, and the environmental pollution caused, because Land pollution has disguise, hysteresis quality, and there is accumulation property, ununiformity, the most important thing is that there is difficult reversibility, such as heavy metal is difficult to degrade, and to cause Land pollution be the process that can not reverse completely substantially, and organic pollutant also needs the long period to degrade, and this all brings infinite future trouble to descendants.Current many developed countries prohibite landfill waste.The competent authorities at different levels of the Chinese government and technical specialist all think that this kind of mode treating refuse can not be lasting, but not only not yet find one to prevent the pollution of the environment, but also the processing mode of high-efficient simple replace this type of processing mode.
(3) compost is sorted
Garbage sorting compost is the ability by microbial decomposition, by the organic substance decomposing in rubbish, after compost treatment, becomes Crop fertilizer, and inorganic metal object wherein and glass, fragment of brick etc. are carried out landfill, and rubber plastic etc. then reclaim; But consumer garbage compost amount is large, and the content of nitrogen and phosphorous is low, and life-time service easily causes soil compaction and groundwater quality to degenerate, and also has following distinct issues: 1, odor pollution simultaneously; 2, working cost is too high; 3, technology is immature; 4, factory management is bad etc., so garbage sorting composting technology is still immature at present.
Through finding that application number is 201320221711.2 to prior art retrieval, patent name is the utility model that a kind of integral type utilizes waste material device for coal, this utility model comprises coal making machine main body, and be arranged on the shaping mold cavity of coal making machine body interior, and be arranged on the stir storehouse of coal making machine body top, and the waste material charging opening be arranged on the left of stir storehouse, and the powder coal charge mouth be arranged on the right side of stir storehouse, and be arranged on the motor at stir storehouse top, and be arranged on the inner stirrer be connected with motor output shaft of stir storehouse, and be arranged on the outlet on the coal making machine main body left side, and the import be arranged on the right of coal making machine main body, and be arranged on the drying machine in outlet left side, and through import, outlet and drying machine, for transporting the conveying belt of readymade coal, a feed valve is provided with between described coal making machine main body and stir storehouse, the arranged outside of described coal making machine main body has a feed valve trip switch.But this utility model is only limitted to adopt waste material for building and coal dust to be mixed and made into readymade coal, can not be applicable to the reaction coal of domestic refuse.
Utility model content
For defect of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of rubbish carbonization reaction system.
Reactor, vapour generator and control device is comprised according to the rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides, wherein, described control device connects described reactor, vapour generator ligation still, described vapour generator is used for providing steam to described reactor, and described reactor is used for rubbish reaction to generate charing mixture.
Described control device is for controlling change and the reaction times of pressure and temperature in described reactor.
Preferably, described reactor comprises kettle and kettle cover; Described kettle cover is for sealing described kettle; Described kettle is provided with gas access port, gas discharge outlet, condensate drain mouth, pressure test mouth and temperature test mouth;
The first guide rail that the length direction along described kettle extends is provided with in described kettle.
Preferably, also comprise multiple reaction box, described reaction box, for placing rubbish, when reacted, is pushed reactor by described reaction box, after reaction completes, is pulled out by described reaction box from described reactor.
Preferably, also support is comprised;
The second guide rail is provided with on the upside of described support; The bottom of described reaction box is provided with the roller all coordinated with the second rail brackets and the first support.
Preferably, drying unit, the first screening plant and shaped device is also comprised;
Wherein, described drying unit is for drying described charing mixture;
Described first screening plant is used for incombustible screening substances in charing mixture after oven dry to go out, thus obtains carbide;
Described shaped device is used for shaping biomass fuel carbide being processed into setting shape.
Preferably, gas storage case and/or gas filter is also comprised;
Described gas storage case connects described gas discharge outlet; Described gas filter connects described gas storage case;
Gas is generated when described gas storage case is used for depositing reaction; Described gas filter is for purifying described gas.
Preferably, also comprise liquid water receptacle and/or liquid water treatment unit, described liquid water receptacle connects described condensate drain mouth, the liquid generated during for depositing reaction; Described liquid water treatment unit connects described liquid water receptacle, the purifying treatment of the liquid generated during for reacting.
Preferably, concentration equipment and/or the second screening plant is also comprised; Described concentration equipment, described second screening plant and described reaction box are disposed adjacent in turn;
Described concentration equipment removes the iron block of rubbish before being used for that rubbish is put into reaction box; Described second screening plant is used for the plastic garbage removed further in rubbish.
Preferably, equipment for separating liquid from solid and/or drying installation is also comprised; Described equipment for separating liquid from solid and described drying installation are arranged between described second screening plant and described reaction box in turn
Described equipment for separating liquid from solid is used for the moisture removed further by the rubbish removing plastic garbage in rubbish; Described drying installation is used for being dried by the rubbish removing moisture further.
Preferably, also comprise double-spiral feeder, described double-spiral feeder is arranged between described reaction box and described drying installation;
Described double-spiral feeder is used for the rubbish after by oven dry and loads described reaction box.
Preferably, multiple reaction box joins end to end in described reactor is that linear array or multiple reaction box are arranged side by side in described reactor.
Preferably, described gas access port comprises the first gas access port and the second gas access port;
Wherein, the first gas access port be arranged on described kettle downside and near described kettle mid-way; Described second gas access port is arranged on the seal head end of described kettle;
First gas access port is all connected described vapour generator with the second gas access port.
Preferably, described condensate drain mouth comprises the first condensate drain mouth and the second condensate drain mouth;
Wherein, described first condensate drain mouth be arranged on described kettle downside and near described kettle mid-way; Described second condensate drain mouth is arranged on the downside of described kettle and the end of sealing up a door of close described kettle;
First condensate drain mouth is all connected described liquid water receptacle with the second condensate drain mouth.
Preferably, also comprise insulation part, described insulation part is arranged on the outside of described kettle.
Preferably, also comprise safety valve and relief valve connection, described safety valve connects described kettle by described relief valve connection.
Preferably, also comprise jacking system, described jacking system is arranged on inside described support, and described jacking system 25 connects the downside of described casing, for driving described casing.
Preferably, described jacking system comprises push rod, and the downside of described casing is provided with two be relatively fixed hole and stationary shaft, and the end of described push rod is provided with connecting hole;
Described stationary shaft inserts described connecting hole and described jacking system and described casing link together by described fixed orifices.
Preferably, the side of described box bottom is provided with the first rotating shaft 27; The side of the upper surface of described support is provided with the axle sleeve matched with described first rotating shaft;
When described in described jacking system jack-up during casing, described casing is along described first axis of rotation.
Preferably, casing comprises the first side plate, the second side plate and the second rotating shaft;
The two ends of described first side plate are connected respectively by the two ends of the second rotating shaft with described casing;
Corresponding described second side plate of described first side plate.
Preferably, also comprise water vent, described water vent to be arranged on the first side plate of described casing and the second side plate and described water vent near the bottom of described casing;
Wherein, water vent on described first side plate and the water vent be arranged on described second side plate is arranged on the same axis.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following beneficial effect:
(1) the utility model requires low to refuse classification, and nearly all domestic refuse all can process;
(2) the utility model level of automation is high, after a upper operation completes, according to dynamic state of parameters monitoring, automatically can enter subsequent processing, therefore running cost economy, meet very much innoxious, the resource utilization of refuse treatment, industrialized development direction;
(3) the whole production system of the utility model is discharged without foul smell, can not surrounding environment pollute; High temperature in production process in reactor effectively can kill the germ in rubbish; The liquefaction water, the gas that are formed in production process, only need by simple water treating equipment and gas purifying equipment, can form water that can meet national standard, that can discharge and gas, can not produce secondary pollution;
(4) to produce the biomass fuel combustion value obtained higher for the utility model, and according to different rubbish kinds, fuel value is 4500-6500 kilocalorie;
(5) in the utility model production process, charing mixture obtain that carbide is about described charing mixture by screening 90%, the utility model utilizes rubbish to produce the additive method of utilization ratio far above prior art of biomass fuel powder, namely the garbage conversion of the overwhelming majority can be carbide by whole production process, and only has the material of less not carbonaceous component can be discharged by screening;
(6) the utility model generate biomass fuel, the discharge after burning based on a small amount of carbonic acid gas, combustion product gases quantity discharged 50%-60% lower than common bituminous coal;
(7) the biomass fuel powder of the utility model generation, as the raw material of carbon fertilizer, thus can widen the purposes of refuse reclamation utilization further;
(8) the required infusion of financial resources of the construction project of the utility model method is few, return is fast, because technique is simple, equipment is also without the need to complex appts, so build the rubbish charing equipment of year treating refuse 300,000 tons and the factory that forms a complete production network, about needing input 5,000 ten thousand yuans, about two years payback periods, is about 15% of the investment of equal treatment capacity garbage burning factory;
(9) technical solutions of the utility model are reasonable, and equipment is advanced, and required area of mill site is little, builds the factory of year treating refuse 300,000 tons, only need the soil of about 100 mu, and the garbage burning factory building equal treatment capacity needs 400-500 mu;
(10) the utility model economy, efficiently environmental issue and energy problem are organically combined, industrialization height solves social enviroment protection problem, meet the policy guidance of country completely, the market requirement is very huge simultaneously, according to current rubbish increment, at least need the garbage burning factory of construction family more than 1,000 300,000 tons of scales, use this technology building biomass fuel processing plant processed, at least about 100 can be built at home before 2016, so this project implementation is the strong propelling to national environmental protection policy, also be the practicing to Chinese dream, there is important social effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
By reading the detailed description done non-limiting example with reference to the following drawings, other features, objects and advantages of the present utility model will become more obvious:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of reactor in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the another kind of structural representation of reactor in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of reaction box in the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the another kind of structural representation of reaction box in the utility model.
In figure:
1 is that waste deposit storehouse is or/and waste deposit hole;
2 is reaction box;
3 is reactor;
4 is gas storage case;
5 is gas filter;
6 is vapour generator;
7 is liquid water receptacle;
8 is that water reservoir is or/and sewage network;
9 is drying unit;
10 is the first screening plant;
11 is shaped device;
12 is the first gas discharge outlet;
13 is relief valve connection;
14 is ventilation interface;
15 is pressure test mouth;
16 is temperature test mouth;
17 is the second gas discharge outlet;
18 is the first condensate outlet;
19 is the first gas access port;
20 is the first guide rail;
21 is casing;
22 is support;
23 is roller;
24 is the second guide rail;
25 is jacking system;
26 is axle sleeve;
27 is the first rotating shaft;
28 is the first side plate;
29 is the second rotating shaft;
30 is water vent.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described in detail.Following examples will contribute to those skilled in the art and understand the utility model further, but not limit the utility model in any form.It should be pointed out that to those skilled in the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, some distortion and improvement can also be made.These all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.
In the present embodiment, the rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides comprises reactor 3, reaction box 2 and vapour generator 6 and control device;
Wherein, described control device connects described reactor 3, vapour generator 6 ligation still 3, and described vapour generator 6 is for providing steam to described reactor 3; Described control device is for controlling change and the reaction times of pressure and temperature in described reactor 3.
Described reaction box 2, for placing rubbish, when reacted, is pushed described reactor 3 and rubbish reaction is generated charing mixture by described reaction box 2; After reaction completes, described reaction box 2 is pulled out from described reactor 3.The pressure that reactor can bear is greater than 35bar, temperature is greater than 500 DEG C.
Wherein, in a kettle., before general reaction 1/4-1/3 time period in, the scope of temperature is 150 DEG C-250 DEG C, and the scope of pressure is: 15bar-25bar; After general reaction 2/4-1/3 time period in, the scope of temperature is 200 DEG C-500 DEG C, and the scope of pressure is: 20bar-35bar; In the time period of the middle 1/4-1/3 of general reaction, the scope of temperature is 150 DEG C-300 DEG C, and the scope of pressure is: 18bar-25bar.
Described reactor 3 comprises kettle and kettle cover; Described kettle cover is for sealing described kettle; Described kettle is provided with several gas access ports, several gas discharge outlet, several condensate drain mouths and several temperature test mouths;
The first guide rail that the length direction along described kettle extends is provided with in described kettle.
The rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides also comprises support; The second guide rail is provided with on the upside of described support; The bottom of described reaction box 2 is provided with the roller all coordinated with the second rail brackets and the first support.
The rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides also comprises drying unit 9, first screening plant 10 and shaped device 11;
Wherein, described drying unit 9 is for drying described charing mixture; Described first screening plant 10 for being gone out by incombustible screening substances in charing mixture after oven dry, thus obtains carbide;
Described shaped device 11 is for being processed into the shaping biomass fuel of setting shape by carbide.
The rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides also comprises gas storage case 4 and/or gas filter 5; Described gas storage case 4 connects the first gas discharge outlet 12 and the second gas discharge outlet 17; Described gas filter 5 connects described gas storage case 4; Gas is generated when described gas storage case 4 is for depositing reaction; Described gas filter 5 is for purifying described gas.
The rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides also comprises liquid water receptacle 7, and described liquid water receptacle 7 connects described condensate drain mouth, the liquid generated during for depositing reaction.Described liquid water treatment unit connects described liquid water receptacle 7, the purifying treatment of the liquid generated during for reacting, and then enters water reservoir or/and sewage network 8.
The rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides also comprises concentration equipment and/or the second screening plant; Described concentration equipment, described second screening plant and described reaction box 2 are disposed adjacent in turn.
Described concentration equipment removes the iron block of rubbish before being used for that rubbish is put into reaction box; Described second screening plant is used for the plastic garbage removed further in rubbish.
The rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides, also comprises equipment for separating liquid from solid and/or drying installation; Described equipment for separating liquid from solid and described drying installation are arranged between described second screening plant and described reaction box 2 in turn; Described equipment for separating liquid from solid is used for the moisture removed further by the rubbish removing plastic garbage in rubbish; Described drying installation is used for being dried by the rubbish removing moisture further.
The rubbish carbonization reaction system that the utility model provides also comprises double-spiral feeder, and described double-spiral feeder is arranged between described reaction box 2 and described drying installation;
Described double-spiral feeder is used for the rubbish after by oven dry and loads described reaction box 2.It is that linear array or multiple reaction box 2 are arranged side by side in described reactor that multiple reaction box 2 joins end to end in described reactor.
Described gas access port comprises the first gas access port 19 and the second gas access port;
Wherein, the first gas access port 19 be arranged on described kettle downside and near described kettle mid-way; Described second gas access port is arranged on the seal head end of described kettle.
Described condensate drain mouth comprises the first condensate drain mouth 18 and the second condensate drain mouth 17; Described condensate drain mouth is for discharging condensation product in still; Wherein, described first condensate drain mouth 18 be arranged on described kettle downside and near described kettle mid-way; Described second condensate drain mouth 17 is arranged on the upside of described kettle and the end of sealing up a door of close described kettle.
Rubbish carbonization reaction still in the utility model also comprises insulation part, and described insulation part is arranged on the inner side of described kettle.Described insulation part comprises the asbestos and tinplate that are fitted and connected; Described tinplate connects described kettle by described asbestos.Rubbish carbonization reaction still in the utility model also comprises safety valve and relief valve connection 13, and described safety valve connects described kettle by described relief valve connection 13.
Rubbish carbonization reaction case in the utility model also comprises jacking system 25, and described jacking system 25 is arranged on inside described support 22, and described jacking system 25 connects the downside of described casing 21, and described jacking system 25 is for driving described casing.
Described jacking system 5 comprises push rod, and the downside of described casing 1 is provided with two be relatively fixed hole and stationary shaft, and the end of described push rod is provided with connecting hole; Described stationary shaft inserts described connecting hole and described jacking system 25 and described casing 21 link together by described fixed orifices.The side of described casing 21 base plate is provided with the first rotating shaft 27; The side of described support 22 upper surface is provided with the axle sleeve 26 matched with described first rotating shaft 27; When described in described jacking system 25 jack-up during casing 21, described casing 21 rotates along described first rotating shaft 7.
Casing 21 comprises the first side plate 28, second side plate and the second rotating shaft 29; The two ends of described first side plate 28 are connected respectively by the two ends of the second rotating shaft 29 with described casing 21; Corresponding described second side plate of described first side plate 28.The lower end of the first side plate 28 is not connected with the base plate of described casing 21.
Rubbish carbonization reaction case in the utility model also comprises water vent 30, on the first side plate 28 that described water vent 30 is arranged on described casing 1 and the second side plate; Described water vent 30 is near the bottom of described casing 1; Wherein, water vent on described first side plate 8 30 and the water vent 10 be arranged on described second side plate is arranged on the same axis.
Rubbish carbonization reaction case in the utility model also comprises leak preventing, and the two ends of described leak preventing are separately positioned on the first side plate 28 and are connected with the hole wall of described water vent 30 with on the second side plate; Between described leak preventing and described casing 21 base plate, there is space.Thus leak preventing can prevent the product in casing from spilling, but in casing, water can flow out from described space.
The two ends of described casing 21 are provided with buckle.Thus multiple casing 21 can be linked together by bayonet socket.
When the product in casing toppled over by the rubbish carbonization reaction case in utility model, first jacking system 25 is from the downside jack-up casing 21 of casing 21, casing 21 and then rotate to side along the first rotating shaft 27, the lower end of the first side plate 28 is separated with base plate, and product is poured out between the lower end and base plate of the first side plate 28.
Above specific embodiment of the utility model is described.It is to be appreciated that the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned particular implementation, those skilled in the art can make various distortion or amendment within the scope of the claims, and this does not affect flesh and blood of the present utility model.

Claims (20)

1. a rubbish carbonization reaction system, is characterized in that, comprises reactor (3), vapour generator (6) and control device; Wherein, described control device connects described reactor (3), vapour generator (6) ligation still (3), described vapour generator (6) is for providing steam to described reactor (3), and described reactor (3) is for generating charing mixture by rubbish reaction;
Described control device is for controlling change and the reaction times of pressure and temperature in described reactor (3).
2. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described reactor (3) comprises kettle and kettle cover; Described kettle cover is for sealing described kettle; Described kettle is provided with gas access port, gas discharge outlet, condensate drain mouth, pressure test mouth and temperature test mouth;
The first guide rail that the length direction along described kettle extends is provided with in described kettle.
3. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise multiple reaction box (2), described reaction box (2) is for placing rubbish, when reacted, described reaction box (2) is pushed reactor (3), after reaction completes, described reaction box (2) is pulled out from described reactor (3).
4. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 3, is characterized in that, also comprise support;
The second guide rail is provided with on the upside of described support; The bottom of described reaction box (2) is provided with the roller all coordinated with the second guide rail and the first guide rail.
5. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises drying unit (9), the first screening plant (10) and shaped device (11);
Wherein, described drying unit (9) is for drying described charing mixture;
Described first screening plant (10) for being gone out by incombustible screening substances in charing mixture after oven dry, thus obtains carbide;
Described shaped device (11) is for being processed into the shaping biomass fuel of setting shape by carbide.
6. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 2, is characterized in that, also comprises gas storage case (4) and/or gas filter (5);
Described gas storage case (4) connects described gas discharge outlet; Described gas filter (5) connects described gas storage case (4);
Gas is generated when described gas storage case (4) is for depositing reaction; Described gas filter (5) is for purifying described gas.
7. the rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 2 or 6, it is characterized in that, also comprise liquid water receptacle (7) and/or liquid water treatment unit, described liquid water receptacle (7) connects described condensate drain mouth, the liquid generated during for depositing reaction; Described liquid water treatment unit connects described liquid water receptacle (7), the purifying treatment of the liquid generated during for reacting.
8. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises concentration equipment and/or the second screening plant; Described concentration equipment, described second screening plant and described reaction box (2) are disposed adjacent in turn;
Described concentration equipment removes the iron block of rubbish before being used for that rubbish is put into reaction box; Described second screening plant is used for the plastic garbage removed further in rubbish.
9. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 8, is characterized in that, also comprise equipment for separating liquid from solid and/or drying installation; Described equipment for separating liquid from solid and described drying installation are arranged between described second screening plant and described reaction box (2) in turn;
Described equipment for separating liquid from solid is used for the moisture removed further by the rubbish removing plastic garbage in rubbish; Described drying installation is used for being dried by the rubbish removing moisture further.
10. rubbish carbonization reaction system according to claim 9, is characterized in that, also comprise double-spiral feeder, and described double-spiral feeder is arranged between described reaction box (2) and described drying installation;
Described double-spiral feeder is used for the rubbish after by oven dry and loads described reaction box (2).
11. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 3, is characterized in that, it is that linear array or multiple reaction box (2) are arranged side by side in described reactor that multiple reaction box (2) joins end to end in described reactor.
12. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described gas access port comprises the first gas access port (19) and the second gas access port;
Wherein, the first gas access port (19) be arranged on described kettle downside and near described kettle mid-way; Described second gas access port is arranged on the seal head end of described kettle;
First gas access port (19) is all connected described vapour generator (6) with the second gas access port.
13. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described condensate drain mouth comprises the first condensate drain mouth (18) and the second condensate drain mouth;
Wherein, described first condensate drain mouth (18) be arranged on described kettle downside and near described kettle mid-way; Described second condensate drain mouth is arranged on the downside of described kettle and the end of sealing up a door of close described kettle;
First condensate drain mouth (18) is all connected described liquid water receptacle (7) with the second condensate drain mouth (17).
14. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise insulation part, described insulation part is arranged on the outside of described kettle.
15. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 2, is characterized in that, also comprise safety valve and relief valve connection (13), and described safety valve connects described kettle by described relief valve connection (13).
16. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise jacking system (25), described jacking system (25) is arranged on described support (22) inner side, described jacking system (25) connects the downside of the casing (21) of described reaction box (2), for driving described casing (21).
17. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 16, it is characterized in that, described jacking system (25) comprises push rod, and the downside of described casing is provided with two be relatively fixed hole and stationary shaft, and the end of described push rod is provided with connecting hole;
Described stationary shaft inserts described connecting hole and described jacking system (25) and described casing (21) link together by described fixed orifices.
18. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 16, is characterized in that, the side of described box bottom is provided with the first rotating shaft (27); The side of the upper surface of described support is provided with the axle sleeve (26) matched with described first rotating shaft;
When described in described jacking system (25) jack-up time casing (21), described casing rotates along described first rotating shaft (27).
19. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 4, is characterized in that, casing comprises the first side plate (28), the second side plate and the second rotating shaft (29);
The two ends of described first side plate (28) are connected respectively by the two ends of the second rotating shaft (29) with described casing (21);
Corresponding described second side plate of described first side plate (28).
20. rubbish carbonization reaction systems according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise water vent (30), described water vent (30) to be arranged on the first side plate of the casing (21) of described reaction box (2) and the second side plate and described water vent (30) near the bottom of described casing;
Wherein, water vent on described first side plate (28) and the water vent be arranged on described second side plate is arranged on the same axis.
CN201420575439.2U 2014-06-25 2014-09-30 Rubbish carbonization reaction system Active CN204325226U (en)

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CN104403716A (en) 2015-03-11
CN104031713A (en) 2014-09-10
WO2015196732A1 (en) 2015-12-30
CN104403716B (en) 2017-01-18
WO2015196502A1 (en) 2015-12-30
WO2016049978A1 (en) 2016-04-07
CN104263388B (en) 2016-08-17

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Patentee after: Nantong Johnson security Polytron Technologies Inc

Address before: Room 1704, 128 Ronghua East Road, Changning District, Shanghai 200050

Co-patentee before: Sha Xiaolin

Patentee before: Sha Yan