CN204322559U - A kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation - Google Patents

A kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204322559U
CN204322559U CN201420731578.XU CN201420731578U CN204322559U CN 204322559 U CN204322559 U CN 204322559U CN 201420731578 U CN201420731578 U CN 201420731578U CN 204322559 U CN204322559 U CN 204322559U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor
compression
compression chamber
precompactors
armature spindle
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420731578.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马培勇
裴钰
邢献军
施苏薇
陈水林
薛腾
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合肥工业大学
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Application filed by 合肥工业大学 filed Critical 合肥工业大学
Priority to CN201420731578.XU priority Critical patent/CN204322559U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204322559U publication Critical patent/CN204322559U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation, comprise charging aperture, compression chamber, discharging opening and motor, in compression chamber, compression rotor is set, compression rotor is for strangling Lip river triangular rotor, compression chamber is cocoon shape, also comprise rotor hole, rotor gear, armature spindle and armature spindle gear, during motor rotation, drive compression rotor also to revolve round the sun around the center of compression chamber while its center rotation.The utility model has the following advantages compared to existing technology: adopt precompactors, material is compressed compacting, forms rubbish group, avoids the phenomenon generation that follow-up crusher in crushing duration threadiness rubbish is wound around crushing cutter; Can carry out simultaneously and complete charging, compression, feeding three processes, the problem of continuous-feeding can be solved; Strangle Lip river triangle compression rotor and can bear larger pressure, long service life, wear resistance is stronger; The requirement of disintegrating machine to high frequency fragmentation can be met.

Description

A kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation
Technical field
The utility model relates to refuse breaking field, in particular a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation.
Background technology
Along with the continuous quickening of urbanization process, the generation of domestic waste is in quick growth, and growth rate is also increasing rapidly.Innoxious, the minimizing of garbage disposal, resource are important contents of city management.Refuse breaking realizes the important step in rubbish " three change " processing procedure, and refuse breaking preconditioning technique plays an important role in follow-up separation, fragmentation, burning, refuse breaking precompactors is the main equipment realizing refuse breaking precommpression technology, and the quality of its performance directly affects subsequent treatment effect.
The broken precompactors of existing domestic waste usually cannot be accomplished to carry out continuous-feeding to disintegrating machine, or delivery rate is comparatively slow, cannot meet the requirement of disintegrating machine high frequency fragmentation.Meanwhile, existing domestic waste broken precompactors precommpression mechanism, compression direction is often on same straight line with the cutter shaft of crushing cutter, and larger pressure can make cutter shaft produce distortion, not only bad for fragmentation, returns safety in production and brings hidden danger.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation, comprise charging aperture, compression chamber, discharging opening and motor, compression chamber is arranged between charging aperture and discharging opening, it is characterized in that: in compression chamber, compression rotor is set, compression rotor is for strangling Lip river triangular rotor, compression chamber is cocoon shape, compression rotor center arranges rotor hole, rotor hole inwall arranges rotor gear, in rotor hole, also armature spindle is set, armature spindle is eccentric shaft, one end that armature spindle is positioned at rotor arranges armature spindle gear, armature spindle gear is meshed with rotor gear, the armature spindle other end is connected with motor, during motor rotation, compression rotor can be driven around its center rotation, also drive compression rotor to revolve round the sun around the center of compression chamber simultaneously, in the process of rotating, compression chamber inwall is close at three angles of compression rotor all the time.
As further improvement of these options, spiral handspike is set above charging aperture.
As further improvement of these options, the ratio of armature spindle gear and rotor gear is 1:2.
As further improvement of these options, compression chamber is constructed by inscribe generative methods and forms.
As further improvement of these options, the center line of charging aperture and the center line of discharging opening are on same straight line, not on the same line, the center line of charging aperture and the distance between the center line of discharging opening and the center line of compression chamber are 1/4th of compression chamber width to the center line of the center line of charging aperture and the center line of discharging opening and compression chamber.
As further improvement of these options, the opening diameter of charging aperture and discharging opening opening diameter are not more than the half of compression chamber width.
The utility model has the following advantages compared to existing technology:
1. adopt precompactors, material is compressed compacting, form rubbish group, avoid the phenomenon generation that follow-up crusher in crushing duration threadiness rubbish is wound around crushing cutter.
2. adopt rotor precompactors structure, carry out simultaneously and complete charging, compression, feeding three processes, the problem of continuous-feeding can be solved.
3. strangle Lip river triangle compression blocks and can bear larger pressure, long service life, wear resistance is stronger.
4. compression speed is fast, and feeding is timely.The requirement of disintegrating machine to high frequency fragmentation can be met.
5. compression direction does not point to crushing cutter, can effectively reduce the pressure to crushing cutter shaft, prevent the stall that gets stuck.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is right view of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated; the present embodiment is implemented under premised on technical solutions of the utility model; give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to following embodiment.
A kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation, comprise charging aperture 3, compression chamber 2, discharging opening 4 and motor 1, compression chamber 2 is arranged between charging aperture 3 and discharging opening 4, it is characterized in that: compression rotor 5 is set in compression chamber 2, compression rotor 5 is for strangling Lip river triangular rotor, compression chamber 2 is in cocoon shape, compression rotor 5 center arranges rotor hole 51, rotor hole 51 inwall arranges rotor gear 52, in rotor hole, armature spindle 53 is also set, armature spindle 53 is eccentric shafts, one end that armature spindle 53 is positioned at rotor arranges armature spindle gear 54, armature spindle gear 54 is meshed with rotor gear 52, armature spindle 53 other end is connected with motor 1, when motor 1 operates, compression rotor 5 can be driven around its center rotation, also drive compression rotor 5 to revolve round the sun around the center of compression chamber 2 simultaneously, in the process of rotating, compression chamber 2 inwall is close at three angles of compression rotor 5 all the time.Strangle the compression rotor 5 of Lip river triangle, cocoon shape compression chamber 2 is divided into three regions, storing area 21, compressional zone 22 and material discharge region 23.Storing area 21 is positioned at below charging aperture 3, compressional zone 22 is converted to by the rotation storing area 21 of compression rotor 5, by coordinating of compression rotor 5 and compression chamber 2, space, compressional zone 22 diminishes gradually, thus realizes squeeze operation, then rotates along with compression rotor 5, compressional zone 22 is converted to material discharge region 23, material discharge region 23 is positioned at the top of discharging opening 4, and after discharge has operated, material discharge region 23 is converted to storing area 21 again.Cycling like this, realizes the continued operation of storing, compression and discharge, and what solve traditional compressor can only the shortcoming of intermittently operated.Three regions complete separately respective circulation, are independent of each other, and compression rotor 5 autobiography can complete three second compression operations for one week, and compression efficiency is very high.The compression direction of squeeze operation is towards compression chamber 2 sidewall, and the compression direction unlike traditional compressor points to the broken edge of a knife, substantially reduces crushing cutter shaft pressure.Compression chamber 2 and compression rotor 5 adopt the material preparation of high abrasion, high strength, low linear expansion rate.
Spiral handspike 6 is set above charging aperture 3.The design of spiral handspike 6, adds the charging rate of charging aperture 3, storing area 21 storing speed is increased greatly, improves the compression efficiency of precompactors.
Armature spindle gear 54 is 1:2 with the ratio of rotor gear 52.
Compression chamber 2 is constructed by inscribe generative methods and forms.Inscribe generative methods can ensure that the cycloid shape at the shape of compression chamber 2 and three angles of compression rotor 5 matches, thus ensure that compression rotor 5 is in operation process, compression chamber 2 inwall is close at its three angles all the time, ensure that storing area 21, compressional zone 22 and material discharge region 23 are separated completely, thus ensure squeeze operation validity.
The center line of charging aperture 3 and the center line of discharging opening 4 are on same straight line, not on the same line, the center line of charging aperture 3 and the distance between the center line of discharging opening 4 and the center line of compression chamber 2 are 1/4th of compression chamber 2 width to the center line of the center line of charging aperture 3 and the center line of discharging opening 4 and compression chamber 2.The opening diameter of charging aperture 3 and discharging opening 4 opening diameter are not more than the half of compression chamber 2 width.Design like this can ensure the storing time of storing area 21 and the discharge time of material discharge region 23, and the operation that each is walked can be tried one's best completely, thus ensures the operating efficiency of precompactors.The opening diameter of charging aperture 3 is excessive or too smallly all can affect its storing speed.Charging aperture 3 and discharging opening 4 are arranged on same one side of compression chamber 2 axis, storing and discharge time can be compressed so as far as possible, extend the time of squeeze operation, ensure the compression effectiveness of precompactors.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation, comprise charging aperture, compression chamber, discharging opening and motor, described compression chamber is arranged between described charging aperture and described discharging opening, it is characterized in that: in described compression chamber, compression rotor is set, described compression rotor is for strangling Lip river triangular rotor, described compression chamber is cocoon shape, described compression rotor center arranges rotor hole, described rotor hole inwall arranges rotor gear, in described rotor hole, also armature spindle is set, described armature spindle is eccentric shaft, one end that described armature spindle is positioned at described rotor arranges armature spindle gear, described armature spindle gear is meshed with described rotor gear, the described armature spindle other end is connected with described motor, during described motor rotation, described compression rotor can be driven around its center rotation, also drive described compression rotor to revolve round the sun around the center of described compression chamber simultaneously, described in the process of rotating, described compression chamber inwall is close at three angles of compression rotor all the time.
2. a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: above described charging aperture, arrange spiral handspike.
3. a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the ratio of described armature spindle gear and described rotor gear is 1:2.
4. a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described compression chamber is constructed by inscribe generative methods and forms.
5. a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the center line of described charging aperture and the center line of described discharging opening are on same straight line, not on the same line, the center line of described charging aperture and the distance between the center line of described discharging opening and the center line of described compression chamber are 1/4th of described compression chamber width to the center line of the center line of described charging aperture and the center line of described discharging opening and described compression chamber.
6. a kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that: the opening diameter of described charging aperture and described discharging opening opening diameter are not more than the half of described compression chamber width.
CN201420731578.XU 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation CN204322559U (en)

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CN201420731578.XU CN204322559U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420731578.XU CN204322559U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of precompactors for domestic waste fragmentation

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CN204322559U true CN204322559U (en) 2015-05-13

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104441729A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 合肥工业大学 Pre-compression machine for crushing municipal domestic waste
CN107470328A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-15 合肥工业大学 A kind of house refuse dries broken integrated device
CN109440670A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-08 张红霞 A kind of hill path convex surface reflective mirror
CN109989565A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-09 梅丽中 A kind of concrete construction plane vibration photoreceiver
CN110654148A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-07 商丘工学院 Equipment for drawing square electrical appliance spare and accessory part picture

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104441729A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 合肥工业大学 Pre-compression machine for crushing municipal domestic waste
CN107470328A (en) * 2017-09-04 2017-12-15 合肥工业大学 A kind of house refuse dries broken integrated device
CN109440670A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-08 张红霞 A kind of hill path convex surface reflective mirror
CN109440670B (en) * 2018-10-31 2020-12-08 来斯奥集成家居股份有限公司 Mountain road convex surface reflector
CN109989565A (en) * 2019-04-26 2019-07-09 梅丽中 A kind of concrete construction plane vibration photoreceiver
CN110654148A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-07 商丘工学院 Equipment for drawing square electrical appliance spare and accessory part picture

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150513

Effective date of abandoning: 20160120

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting