CN204308031U - Aluminium sheet stamping machine - Google Patents

Aluminium sheet stamping machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204308031U
CN204308031U CN201420757304.8U CN201420757304U CN204308031U CN 204308031 U CN204308031 U CN 204308031U CN 201420757304 U CN201420757304 U CN 201420757304U CN 204308031 U CN204308031 U CN 204308031U
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China
Prior art keywords
frustum
slide block
flanges
mould
die
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CN201420757304.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高义根
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SUIYANG COUNTY NAIHUAN ALUMINUM Co Ltd
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SUIYANG COUNTY NAIHUAN ALUMINUM Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses machining shaper equipment, be specifically related to a kind of aluminium sheet stamping machine, comprise top mold frame, patrix, lower mold holder and counterdie, described counterdie comprises a frustum, balladeur train and circumference are distributed on the slide block of frustum periphery, described frustum and balladeur train are fixed on lower mold holder, wherein frustum is big top and small bottom, balladeur train is provided with oblique chute, this oblique chute moves towards consistent with contiguous frustum inclined-plane or the conical surface, described slide block is located between balladeur train and frustum, slide block is resisted against on described frustum inclined-plane or the conical surface, skid is connected in described oblique chute, the top of described frustum upper surface and slide block forms the profile of mating with the inner surface configuration with in-flanges finished product jointly.It is low that the utility model overcomes the production efficiency existed in prior art, the defect that cost of manufacture is high, and providing one does not need extra cylinder, can make the aluminium sheet stamping machine of band in-flanges with settling at one go.

Description

Aluminium sheet stamping machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of machining shaper equipment, is specifically related to a kind of aluminium sheet stamping machine.
Background technology
Punching press is that depended on pressure machine and mould apply external force to sheet material, band, tubing and section bar etc., makes it to produce plastic deformation or separation, thus obtains the forming and machining method of the workpiece (stamping parts) of required form and size.Many aluminum products are all made by the mode of punching press, some are needed to the goods of flange, and the door decorations door as car needs its outer edges to make certain flange, is used as the position be connected with other components.
But existing mechanical processing technique only to the pressed part of band flanging, can carry out the formed machining settled at one go, as being directly set to corresponding profile at upper and lower mould, there is not the difficulty stopping or process, for the pressed part of band in-flanges, patrix or counterdie cannot directly cover formation in-flanges, if examination imagination patrix and counterdie directly cover, in patrix and counterdie, the shape of profile is all equivalent to add some vertical corners in all sides of a plane, and described corner is to in-flanges, patrix is provided with the curved surface corresponding with in-flanges shape, this curved surface curves inwardly, it is the plane (curved surface of counterdie is also in the below of the plane of counterdie) of counterdie immediately below this curved surface, if so directly cover, the plane that the curved surface of patrix can abut to counterdie is (instead of close with corresponding lower modular surface, cannot the outward flange of sandwiched section bar), according to processing in-flanges.
In order to solve the problem, Chinese patent CN203887061 discloses a kind of general reducing, enlarging two work step continuous mould, comprise upper bolster, die shoe, for complete the first pre-reducing in work step workpiece top, the die I of bottom enlarging and punch I, for by the discharge arm of the first work step workpiece discharging and inloading part device, be used for the air cushion bar I that ejected by the first work step workpiece and air cushion plate I; For completing the die II of the second work step workpiece top necking forming and punch II, for air cushion bar II that the second work step workpiece is ejected and air cushion plate II; Die I, discharge arm and die II are arranged on upper bolster, and inloading part device to be arranged in die I and to be connected with discharge arm; Air cushion bar I coordinates with air cushion plate I, and air cushion bar II coordinates with air cushion plate II, and air cushion bar I, air cushion bar II to be arranged in die shoe and to be connected with lathe cylinder.
The thinking that Chinese patent CN203887061 adopts is: point two steps realize corresponding punching press and in-flanges, is undertaken, first utilize upper and lower mould punching press, and then carry out in-flanges with other moulds of left and right directions by punching press and flange substep.This way needs the cylinder of multiple different directions (simultaneously needing above-below direction and left and right directions) to coordinate, and will carry out step by step, and consumptive material is consuming time, and production efficiency is low, and cost of manufacture is high.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of cylinder of above-below direction that only needs as power, can make the aluminium sheet stamping machine of band in-flanges with settling at one go.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
Aluminium sheet stamping machine, comprise top mold frame and lower mold holder, and be fixed on the patrix of top mold frame, be fixed on the counterdie of lower mold holder, wherein patrix is provided with the profile of mating with the external surface shape with in-flanges finished product, described counterdie comprises a frustum, balladeur train and circumference are distributed on the slide block of frustum periphery, described frustum and balladeur train are fixed on lower mold holder, wherein frustum is big top and small bottom, balladeur train is provided with oblique chute, this oblique chute moves towards consistent with contiguous frustum inclined-plane or the conical surface, described slide block is located between balladeur train and frustum, slide block is resisted against on described frustum inclined-plane or the conical surface, skid is connected in described oblique chute, the top of described frustum upper surface and slide block forms the profile of mating with the inner surface configuration with in-flanges finished product jointly, curved surface corresponding with in-flanges shape in profile is located at the outward flange on slide block top, the top of slide block is higher than the upper surface of described frustum, back-moving spring is provided with between described slide block and lower mold holder or bottom slide block and oblique chute.
Explanation of nouns: frustum also known as frustum, refer to circular cone or pyramid cut by two parallel planes after, the solid between two parallel planes.According to cut be circular cone or pyramid, round platform and terrace with edge can be divided into.
Adopt the utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine, there is following effect:
In process, the top of slide block is higher than the upper surface of described frustum, and section bar is located in slip, leaves certain interval between section bar and frustum upper surface.Patrix is to when pressing down, touched the section bar on slide block before this, slide block pressurized moves down, because skid is connected in described oblique chute, because oblique chute moves towards consistent with frustum inclined-plane or the conical surface again, level interval between such slide block and frustum can not become, and slide block can move down in the mode being resisted against frustum surface always;
Patrix continues to move down, slide block also followed by and moves down, when patrix abuts to frustum upper surface, distance between patrix and frustum is only the one-tenth-value thickness 1/10 of section bar, and the distance between patrix and slide block is also the one-tenth-value thickness 1/10 of section bar, visible now frustum is concordant with the upper surface of slide block, because frustum is up-small and down-big, described slide block can outwards move in folding process simultaneously, be equivalent to the area that slip top and frustum upper surface surround and become large, slide block is close by the curved surface that the position at center is corresponding with in-flanges shape on patrix edge and patrix, corresponding slip outward flange is also provided with the curved surface corresponding with in-flanges shape, the close interior outer mold surface namely defining in-flanges of two curved surfaces.Be in the section bar meeting compressive deformation naturally between two curved surfaces, form corresponding in-flanges shape, and then section bar become finished product.
Then patrix rises; because the curve form between patrix outward flange with slide block outward flange is consistent; add the in-flanges that section bar is formed; patrix can drive section bar and slide block to rise successively; but due to the matching relationship on slide block and the frustum conical surface or inclined-plane; slide block inwardly can move and prop up while rising; be equivalent to the area that slip top and frustum upper surface surround diminished; such slide block will and the in-flanges of section bar between produce comparatively wide arc gap; finished product up drives by patrix, and finished product is separated with counterdie.Slide block, then under the effect of back-moving spring, keeps initial position in order to processing next time.
The utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine, does not need the cooperation of left and right directions cylinder, only needs the cylinder of above-below direction to provide for patrix the power moved down, and just can make the aluminium sheet punching press of band in-flanges with settling at one go, production efficiency is high, and the cost of manufacture of stamping machine itself is low.
Further, described slide block comprises the forming blocks being located at top and the sliding shoe being located at bottom, and described sliding shoe is slidably connected in oblique chute, and forming blocks is provided with described profile, forming blocks is fixed on sliding shoe, and sliding shoe is provided with the inclined-plane with described frustum inclined-plane or cone match.
Slide block is done split design, be convenient to parts processing, and then assemble.The mode that parts processing is assembled again, contributes to the fabrication cycle of shortening whole stamping machine and saves material.Examination imagination, if sliding shoe and forming blocks are processed on same raw material, as long as one of them dimensioned is improper, whole slide block will cancel, split designs, if sliding shoe and forming blocks one of them process improper, need change corresponding standard component, the material of waste is only an original part, instead of whole slide block.And process respectively, can at one time in process sliding shoe and forming blocks respectively, and after not needing to wait for that wherein a part processes, reprocessing another part.
Further; described patrix comprises top die and the side direction mould of split; described top die lower surface forms the profile of mating with the external surface shape with in-flanges finished product jointly with side direction mould medial surface; curved surface corresponding with in-flanges shape in profile is located at side direction mould medial surface; top die is fixed in top mold frame; side direction mould is slidably connected in top mold frame, and described top die lower surface and side direction mould medial surface are in sustained height position, and described top die is in directly over frustum upper surface.
Although the utility model aluminium sheet punching press function makes the finished product of band in-flanges with settling at one go, the stripping operation between finished product and patrix depends on the shape of finished product itself.If finished product is left and right sides band in-flanges, both sides, front and back do not have flange, as long as do not arrange corresponding curved surface in the side, front and back of patrix like this, just can be released by finished product by the side, front and back of patrix yet.If but the shape of finished product be surrounding with flange, just described patrix is made Split type structure, namely forms patrix by top die and side direction mould, wherein side direction mould is responsible for forming the curved surface of in-flanges.
Top die lower surface and side direction mould medial surface are located at sustained height, when needing processing aluminium sheet, can being slidably connected by side direction mould and top mold frame, top die lower surface and side direction mould medial surface are stitched together, thus is combined into " complete " profile of mating with the external surface shape with in-flanges finished product.After punching press completes, then being slidably connected by side direction mould and top mold frame, top die lower surface and side direction mould medial surface are separated, so just finished product can be taken off easily.
Further, side direction mould is slidably connected in top mold frame by a contiguous block, be provided with the scarf of inside inclined downward outside described contiguous block, the lower mold holder immediately below contiguous block is provided with one against block, and the inner side against block is provided with and abutment face that position corresponding consistent with described scarf slope.
Side direction mould is slidably connected in top mold frame, also needs workman to lock the position between side direction mould and top die according to actual conditions, avoids top die and side direction mould when punching press separated from one another.In order to realize automatic adjustment, according to the principle that wedge surface coordinates, in the below of side direction mould and side direction mould, corresponding inclined-plane is set on block.Because the scarf on contiguous block is by inclined downward in contiguous block lateral, move down simultaneously at top die like this, described contiguous block can coordinate with against block wedge surface, and contiguous block is moved to top die direction automatically, finally causes top die lower surface and side direction mould medial surface to stitch together.Like this by just side direction mould can be realized against block and top die pushes against, do not need extra lockable mechanism.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation in the utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine embodiment before punch forming.
Structural representation when Fig. 2 is punch forming in the utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine embodiment.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by detailed description of the invention, the utility model is described in further detail:
Reference numeral in Figure of description comprises: top die 1, top mold frame 2, travelling carriage 3, contiguous block 4, side direction mould 5, section bar 6, curved surface 7, forming blocks 8, against block 9, balladeur train 10, bearing 11, frustum 12, sliding shoe 13, lower mold holder 15, back-moving spring 16.
The utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine, comprises top mold frame 2 and lower mold holder 15, and is fixed on the patrix of top mold frame 2, be fixed on the counterdie of lower mold holder 15.The utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine is for processing the finished product (aluminum) of peripheral band in-flanges, and finished surface also requires to be printed on certain pattern or protuberance.Because the flange of finished product periphery is inside finished product, so the one side in space is defined as the inner surface of finished product in finished product formation being enclosed by flange, the lower surface of the section bar 6 namely shown in Fig. 2, is defined as the outer surface of finished product by another side (upper surface of the section bar 6 namely shown in Fig. 2).
As Fig. 2 wherein patrix be provided with the profile of mating with the external surface shape with in-flanges finished product, described counterdie comprises the slide block that a frustum 12, balladeur train 10 and circumference are distributed on frustum 12 periphery, described frustum 12 is fixed on lower mold holder 15 with balladeur train 10, wherein frustum 12 is big top and small bottom, balladeur train 10 is provided with oblique chute, this oblique chute moves towards consistent with contiguous frustum 12 inclined-plane or the conical surface, described slide block is located between balladeur train 10 and frustum 12, slide block is resisted against on described frustum 12 inclined-plane or the conical surface, and skid is connected in described oblique chute.Described slide block comprises the forming blocks 8 being located at top and the sliding shoe 13 being located at bottom, described sliding shoe 13 is slidably connected in oblique chute, forming blocks 8 is provided with described profile, forming blocks 8 is fixed on sliding shoe 13, and sliding shoe 13 is provided with the inclined-plane with described frustum 12 inclined-plane or cone match.
Gap is had, so the utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine can not be applicable to the requirement of all finished product patterns and protuberance, as that pattern of the whole finished surface that gathers between adjacent sliding shoe 13.In the utility model aluminium sheet stamping machine, the top of frustum 12 upper surface and slide block forms the profile of the inner surface configuration coupling of finished product jointly, impression or protuberance is responsible for by the portion of upper surface of frustum 12 upper surface and forming blocks 8, gap is had between adjacent forming blocks 8, just can not impression or protuberance on the finished product of meaning gap location.
As shown in Figure 1, curved surface 7 corresponding with in-flanges shape in profile is located at the outward flange of sliding shoe 13, sliding shoe 13 higher than described frustum 12 upper surface described in profile only when sliding shoe 13 is concordant with frustum 12 upper surface, described profile could be spliced complete, other states, described profile separates.And balladeur train 10 is fixed on lower mold holder 15 with frustum 12 by a bearing 11, described back-moving spring 16 is located between sliding shoe 13 and bearing 11.
As shown in Figure 1, described patrix comprises top die 1 and the side direction mould 5 of split, described top die 1 lower surface forms the profile of mating with the external surface shape with in-flanges finished product jointly with side direction mould 5 medial surface, curved surface 7 corresponding with in-flanges shape in profile is located at side direction mould 5 medial surface, top die 1 is fixed in top mold frame 2, side direction mould 5 is slidably connected in top mold frame 2, described top die 1 lower surface and side direction mould 5 medial surface are in sustained height position, and described top die 1 is in directly over frustum 12 upper surface.
Side direction mould 5 is slidably connected on a default travelling carriage 3 of top mold frame 2 by a contiguous block 4, the scarf of inside inclined downward is provided with outside described contiguous block 4, lower mold holder 15 immediately below contiguous block 4 is provided with one against block 9, and the inner side against block 9 is provided with and abutment face that position corresponding consistent with described scarf slope.
On size is arranged, it is crucial that arrange against the inclined-plane of block 9 and contiguous block 4, require against block 9 with contact of incline plane on contiguous block 4 time, between upper holder block and section bar 6, height distance is with the ratio of horizontal range between side direction mould 5 and forming blocks 8, is exactly against block 9 and the inclined-plane slope against block 9 and contiguous block 4.Otherwise be difficult to the coupling realized on Working position.
Above-described is only embodiment of the present utility model, and in scheme, the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and characteristic does not do too much description at this.Should be understood that, for a person skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model structure, some distortion and improvement can also be made, between back-moving spring 16 is located at bottom slide block and oblique chute, between described contiguous block 4 and top die 1, also back-moving spring 16 can be set, during such demoulding, side direction mould 5 can separate automatically with top die 1, automatic demoulding.These also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model, and these all can not affect effect and the practical applicability of the utility model enforcement.The protection domain that this application claims should be as the criterion with the content of its claim, and the detailed description of the invention in description etc. record the content that may be used for explaining claim.

Claims (4)

1. aluminium sheet stamping machine, comprise top mold frame and lower mold holder, and be fixed on the patrix of top mold frame, be fixed on the counterdie of lower mold holder, it is characterized in that, wherein patrix is provided with the profile of mating with the external surface shape with in-flanges finished product, described counterdie comprises a frustum, balladeur train and circumference are distributed on the slide block of frustum periphery, described frustum and balladeur train are fixed on lower mold holder, wherein frustum is big top and small bottom, balladeur train is provided with oblique chute, this oblique chute moves towards consistent with contiguous frustum inclined-plane or the conical surface, described slide block is located between balladeur train and frustum, slide block is resisted against on described frustum inclined-plane or the conical surface, skid is connected in described oblique chute, the top of described frustum upper surface and slide block forms the profile of mating with the inner surface configuration with in-flanges finished product jointly, curved surface corresponding with in-flanges shape in profile is located at the outward flange on slide block top, the top of slide block is higher than the upper surface of described frustum, back-moving spring is provided with between described slide block and lower mold holder or bottom slide block and oblique chute.
2. aluminium sheet stamping machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described slide block comprises the forming blocks being located at top and the sliding shoe being located at bottom, described sliding shoe is slidably connected in oblique chute, forming blocks is provided with described profile, forming blocks is fixed on sliding shoe, and sliding shoe is provided with the inclined-plane with described frustum inclined-plane or cone match.
3. aluminium sheet stamping machine as claimed in claim 1; it is characterized in that: described patrix comprises top die and the side direction mould of split; described top die lower surface forms the profile of mating with the external surface shape with in-flanges finished product jointly with side direction mould medial surface; curved surface corresponding with in-flanges shape in profile is located at side direction mould medial surface; top die is fixed in top mold frame; side direction mould is slidably connected in top mold frame; described top die lower surface and side direction mould medial surface are in sustained height position, and described top die is in directly over frustum upper surface.
4. aluminium sheet stamping machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: side direction mould is slidably connected in top mold frame by a contiguous block, the scarf of inside inclined downward is provided with outside described contiguous block, lower mold holder immediately below contiguous block is provided with one against block, and the inner side against block is provided with and abutment face that position corresponding consistent with described scarf slope.
CN201420757304.8U 2014-12-07 2014-12-07 Aluminium sheet stamping machine Active CN204308031U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104438597A (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-03-25 绥阳县耐环铝业有限公司 Punching machine for aluminium plate
CN105710217A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-29 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司 Forming method and forming mould for inverted-U-shaped double-flanged sheet metal part
CN105964814A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-28 南通超达装备股份有限公司 Vehicle spare tire cover plate grooving inclined surface wrapped edge pressing device
CN106270190A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-04 隆昌山川精密焊管有限责任公司 Modular belt discharging ditch pressure side muscle mould on stop collar

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104438597A (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-03-25 绥阳县耐环铝业有限公司 Punching machine for aluminium plate
CN105710217A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-29 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司 Forming method and forming mould for inverted-U-shaped double-flanged sheet metal part
CN105964814A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-09-28 南通超达装备股份有限公司 Vehicle spare tire cover plate grooving inclined surface wrapped edge pressing device
CN106270190A (en) * 2016-08-15 2017-01-04 隆昌山川精密焊管有限责任公司 Modular belt discharging ditch pressure side muscle mould on stop collar
CN106270190B (en) * 2016-08-15 2018-05-25 隆昌山川精密焊管有限责任公司 Stop collar upper mold band discharging ditch pressure side muscle mold

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