CN204302518U - Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument - Google Patents

Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204302518U
CN204302518U CN201420689165.XU CN201420689165U CN204302518U CN 204302518 U CN204302518 U CN 204302518U CN 201420689165 U CN201420689165 U CN 201420689165U CN 204302518 U CN204302518 U CN 204302518U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
revolving dial
controls motor
pedestal
camera lens
sensor
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420689165.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴占平
田径
申勇
Original Assignee
沈阳第三三0一工厂
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 沈阳第三三0一工厂 filed Critical 沈阳第三三0一工厂
Priority to CN201420689165.XU priority Critical patent/CN204302518U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204302518U publication Critical patent/CN204302518U/en

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Abstract

A kind of upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument, comprises camera lens, revolving dial, control system and pedestal, it is characterized in that the interior pivoted housing of revolving dial is vertically mounted in the longitudinal axis cover of pedestal; Azimuth controls motor and is packed in interior pivoted housing; The output shaft that azimuth controls motor is fixed on pedestal; One end of aspect sensor is packed in the longitudinal axis and puts, and the other end of aspect sensor is packed in the housing of revolving dial; The front end of imaging system arranges camera lens, and the rear end of camera lens is fixedly assembled in installs on flat board, and imageing sensor is assembled in be installed on flat board; Imaging system is horizontally rotated by two transverse axis and is connected on revolving dial, and the output shaft that side transverse axis controls motor with the angle of site is connected, and opposite side transverse axis is fixedly connected with the power shaft of high low sensor.The utility model adds the servo-drive of orientation angles adjustment, achieves automatic tracing and measurement that bead surveys wind.Digital imagery can be carried out, identify locking measurement target; There is stable performance, the portable feature such as easy-to-use.

Description

Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument

Technical field

The utility model belongs to a kind of upper wind observation measuring appratus, and particularly a kind of bead surveys the wind direction and wind velocity measurement device of wind automatic tracing sounding balloon.The utility model can complete automatic tracing to sounding balloon, data acquisition, realizes one-touch aerial wind detection.

Background technology

In army, field exercise, bead surveys a kind of conventional technological means that wind is high-altitude wind measurement.Survey crew carries out tracking observation by the measuring instrument being erected at ground to sounding balloon, determines its movement locus.The movement locus of sounding balloon can reflect the real-time status of the upper-level winds of measured zone, thus achieves the measurement of upper-level winds.Because the measurement coverage of upper-level winds is comparatively large, aerial wind is complicated and changeable, often needs to carry out the continual manual trace observation of long-time continuous with measuring instrument to sounding balloon, could obtain upper-level winds data accurately.And in actual measurement operation, observation effect can be subject to the direct impact of the factors such as weather conditions change, personnel's professional skill and duty fluctuation.How solving to reduce observes the height to personnel and weather requirement rely on, and do not affect observed result again, be the difficult problem in China's bead instrument for wind measurement development and application always.

The change of sounding balloon motion initial angle greatly; The change of mid-exercise angle is irregular, long operational time; Move latter stage, target image is little, is easily disturbed and loses.Current measuring technique is the mode captured target being adopted artificial observation by optical system mostly, manually adjusts instrument again and follow the trail of the objective after capturing target.At present, the domestic measurement device that there is no bead survey wind target automatic tracing, acquisition process.Manufacture and exploit can be shown by image and identify sounding balloon, by servo-drive, sounding balloon is carried out to the portable measuring instrument device of automatic tracing, is the effective way solved the problem.Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument can not only be surveyed wind for bead and provide effective means, and for reducing the height degree of dependence of meteorological observation to personnel's professional skill and state, the working strength reducing operating personnel provides a kind of new tool, has significant application value and significant economic benefit.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is to provide the wind direction and wind velocity measurement device that a kind of bead surveys wind automatic tracing sounding balloon, adopts that optics is looked in the distance, digital imagery and image procossing, realizes silhouette target identification locking; Utilize the stepping follow-up characteristic of servomotor, adopt Serve Motor Control optical system accurately to turn round directed method, realize the automatic tracing to observed object; Utilize the operating characteristic of angular transducer, Real-time Collection angle-data, the azimuthal continuous automatic measurement of realize target.

The technical scheme that the utility model provides is: comprise camera lens, revolving dial, control system and pedestal, it is characterized in that: on pedestal, be fixedly connected with longitudinal axis cover, and the interior pivoted housing of revolving dial setting-in is vertically mounted in longitudinal axis cover; Azimuth controls motor output shaft and arranges downwards, and azimuth controls motor and is fixedly assembled in the interior pivoted housing of revolving dial; The output shaft that azimuth controls motor is fixedly connected on pedestal; The interior pivoted housing of revolving dial connects adjustment stop nut; One end of aspect sensor is fixedly assembled on the flange upper surface of longitudinal axis cover, and the other end of aspect sensor is fixedly assembled in the enclosure interior of revolving dial; Under azimuth controls motor driving, revolving dial can do horizontally rotating of scope 360 degree;

The front end of imaging system arranges camera lens, and the rear end of camera lens is fixedly assembled in installs on flat board, and ccd image sensor is assembled in be installed on flat board; Imaging system horizontally rotates in the axis hole be connected on revolving dial by both sides transverse axis, the output shaft that side transverse axis controls motor with the angle of site is connected, opposite side transverse axis is fixedly connected with the power shaft of high low sensor, and high low sensor is fixedly connected on revolving dial; Take transverse axis as rotating shaft, under the angle of site controls motor driving, imaging system can do the pitch rotation of scope 190 degree.

Good effect of the present utility model: by image electronic identification, display system, adds the servo-drive of orientation angles adjustment, achieves automatic tracing and measurement that bead surveys wind.Need when compensate for survey wind observation at present manually carry out range estimation search identification by eyepiece to measurement target, need manually constantly to rotate adjustment handwheel by both hands and realize the deficiencies such as tracking measurement target, improve observation person works intensity large, high situation is required to professional skill.Digital imagery can be carried out, identify locking measurement target; There is stable performance, portable easy-to-use, the features such as use cost is low.Conveniently use when army, field exercise, suitable long-term observation, and be conducive to batch production.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is external overall schematic diagram of the present utility model.

Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is imaging system schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is imaging system is connected on revolving dial structural representation by transverse axis.

Fig. 6 is the syndeton schematic diagram of longitudinal axis cover, pedestal and revolving dial.

Fig. 7 is control system, battery and revolving dial syndeton schematic diagram.

Fig. 8 is base interior syndeton schematic diagram.

Fig. 9 is control circui connection diagram of the present utility model.

Detailed description of the invention

See Fig. 1-8, concrete structure of the present utility model is as follows: the pedestal 7 arranging leveling on triangle base 9, pedestal 7 is arranged bubble 22 and the horizontal adjustment spiral shell 8 of existing structure.Pedestal 7 is fixedly connected with longitudinal axis cover 15, and the interior pivoted housing 17 of revolving dial 5 setting-in is vertically mounted in longitudinal axis cover 15; Azimuth controls motor 13 output shaft and arranges downwards, and azimuth control motor 13 is screwed and is assembled in the interior pivoted housing 17 of revolving dial 5; The output shaft of azimuth control motor 13 is screwed and is connected on pedestal 7; The interior pivoted housing 17 of revolving dial connects adjustment stop nut 16.

See Fig. 6, one end (stiff end) of aspect sensor 12 be screwed be assembled in the longitudinal axis cover 15 flange upper surface on, the other end (mobile terminal) of aspect sensor 12 is screwed the enclosure interior being assembled in revolving dial 5.

See Fig. 6-8, arrange front panel 4 in the front of revolving dial 5, assemblying keyboard 20 and display screen 19 on front panel 4, main control computer plate 21 is fixedly assembled in the back side of front panel 4; Revolving dial 5 back side assembled battery 6, output interface 14 is set.With longitudinal axis cover 15 for the centre of gyration, under azimuth controls motor 13 driving, revolving dial 5 can do horizontally rotating of scope 360 degree.

See Fig. 1-5, imaging system 2 includes the dull and stereotyped 2-1 of installation of an affixed transverse axis 2-2 in both sides, the front end of imaging system 2 arranges camera lens 2-4, and the rear end of camera lens 2-4 is screwed to be assembled in installs on dull and stereotyped 2-1, and ccd image sensor 2-3 is screwed equally to be assembled in and installs on dull and stereotyped 2-1; Imaging system horizontally rotates in the axis hole be connected on revolving dial by both sides transverse axis, the output shaft that side transverse axis controls motor 10 with the angle of site is connected, opposite side transverse axis is fixedly connected with the power shaft of high low sensor 11, and high low sensor 11 is fixedly connected on revolving dial 5; Revolving dial 5 is fixedly installed needle 1 by prior art.The angular resolution < 0.1 of ccd image sensor 2-3 ", horizontal resolution 850TVL; The focal length 10-300mm of camera lens 2-4, measurement target diameter 1m-1.5m, measuring distance < 7000m.

With transverse axis 2-2 for rotating shaft, under the angle of site controls motor 10 driving, imaging system 2 can do the pitch rotation of scope 190 degree.

See Fig. 9, the control circuit syndeton of this instrument is as follows: adopt the main control computer plate 21 that market provides, plate is embedded in cpu chip and prior art image procossing dsp board, and wherein angle of site control signal FPDP J1 controls motor 10 with the angle of site and is connected; Azimuth control signal FPDP J2 controls motor 13 with azimuth and is connected; Keyboard control signals FPDP J6 is connected with the port of keyboard 20; Display screen control signal FPDP J5 is connected with the corresponding port of display screen 19; The FPDP J9 of sensing directional signal is connected with the port of aspect sensor 12; The FPDP J10 of height transducing signal is connected with the port of high low sensor 11; The FPDP J3 of camera lens signal is connected with the port of camera lens 2-4; The FPDP J4 of ccd image transducing signal is connected with the port of ccd image sensor 2-3; Power data port J7 is connected with battery 6 delivery outlet; FPDP J8 is connected with output interface 14.

Operation principle

After upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument leveling zero, scanned by collecting target image information to camera lens 2-4 by ccd image sensor 2-3, form digitized video vision signal, signal of video signal, by the image procossing dsp chip process of main control computer plate 21, obtains image more clearly.Calculate through main control computer plate and determine target position in the picture and moving direction, speed, the pitch position skew that obtains following the trail of the objective required and horizontal position offset adjust semaphore.Adjustment semaphore sends control motor to, and the angle of site controls motor 10 and is responsible for receiving pitch position deviation adjusting semaphore, and controls start-stop and rotating according to adjustment semaphore, drives transverse axis 2-2 to carry out luffing angle adjustment; Azimuth controls motor 13 and is responsible for receiving horizontal level deviation adjusting semaphore, and controls start-stop and rotating according to adjustment semaphore, drives revolving dial 5 to carry out level angle with imaging system 2 and rotates adjustment.Target image is occupied in display image cross-graduation position, realizes servo tracking.The real-time measurement of angle of rotation angle value is completed by aspect sensor 12, high low sensor 11.

Display screen 19, keyboard 20, for personnel to the operation of system, setting and interactive function, for completing the electronic visual function of target image, finally realizing the detection of one-touch aerial wind, completing from operations such as the generations of motion tracking sounding balloon, data acquisition, data display and circular.

Claims (1)

1. a upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument, comprises camera lens, revolving dial, control system and pedestal, it is characterized in that: on pedestal, be fixedly connected with longitudinal axis cover, and the interior pivoted housing of revolving dial setting-in is vertically mounted in longitudinal axis cover; Azimuth controls motor output shaft and arranges downwards, and azimuth controls motor and is fixedly assembled in the interior pivoted housing of revolving dial; The output shaft that azimuth controls motor is fixedly connected on pedestal; The interior pivoted housing of revolving dial connects adjustment stop nut; One end of aspect sensor is fixedly assembled on the flange upper surface of longitudinal axis cover, and the other end of aspect sensor is fixedly assembled in the enclosure interior of revolving dial;
The front end of imaging system arranges camera lens, and the rear end of camera lens is fixedly assembled in installs on flat board, and ccd image sensor is assembled in be installed on flat board; Imaging system horizontally rotates in the axis hole be connected on revolving dial by both sides transverse axis, the output shaft that side transverse axis controls motor with the angle of site is connected, opposite side transverse axis is fixedly connected with the power shaft of high low sensor, and high low sensor is fixedly connected on revolving dial.
CN201420689165.XU 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument CN204302518U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420689165.XU CN204302518U (en) 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420689165.XU CN204302518U (en) 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204302518U true CN204302518U (en) 2015-04-29

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420689165.XU CN204302518U (en) 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Upper-level winds automatic measuring instrument

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN204302518U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104483717A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 沈阳第三三0一工厂 Upper wind automatic measuring instrument

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104483717A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 沈阳第三三0一工厂 Upper wind automatic measuring instrument

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 110026 North four West Road, Tiexi District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, 8

Patentee after: Shenyang No. 3301 Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Address before: 110141 Liaoning province Shenyang City Yuhong District No. 226

Patentee before: SHENYANG NO.3301 FACTORY

CP03 Change of name, title or address