CN204252208U - The equipment of water is collected from surrounding air - Google Patents

The equipment of water is collected from surrounding air Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204252208U
CN204252208U CN201420759394.4U CN201420759394U CN204252208U CN 204252208 U CN204252208 U CN 204252208U CN 201420759394 U CN201420759394 U CN 201420759394U CN 204252208 U CN204252208 U CN 204252208U
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China
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container
solar
hygroscopic agent
heater
condenser
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CN201420759394.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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黄海涛
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Guangdong University of Technology
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Guangdong University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to air water-intaking technical field, relate more specifically to the equipment collecting water from surrounding air using solid moisture absorbent, mainly comprise moisture absorption unit, heater, condenser, described moisture absorption unit connects described heater and described condenser respectively, and the heating being arranged as described heater impels gas to circulate between described moisture absorption unit and the heating face of described heater, the heat provided by heater by circulating current passes to moisture absorption unit, make its desorb produce steam, then steam is aqueous water in condenser condenses.The device structure collecting water from surrounding air of the present utility model is simple and can reach higher producing water ratio.

Description

The equipment of water is collected from surrounding air
Technical field
The utility model relates to air water-intaking technical field, relates more specifically to the equipment collecting water from surrounding air using solid moisture absorbent.
Background technology
Shortage of water resources is one of many regional problems faced.Therefore, researcher explores various intake technology, and (chemical industry is in progress, 2011 for Geng Haoqing etc., the progress of air water-intaking technology, the 8th phase to comprise the moisture collecting moisture laden air; Luo Jijie etc., field work wet air condensation water maker research and apply, HVAC, the 4th phase in 2004).These problems have achieved more achievement in research.Such as, during 2008 to 2013 years, belonging to IPC classification number E03B 3/28(, to get water skill art – take moisture laden air as water source) Chinese patent openly exceeded 300.Especially use the air water-intaking technology of solid moisture absorbent to receive attention, this technology comprises following three basic steps:
Step one: with hygroscopic agent absorbed air moisture;
Step 2: heating hygroscopic agent makes moisture desorb;
Step 3: the moisture collecting desorb.
Wherein step 2 is the key of this technology.Below by the difference of the mode of heating of step 2, Four types is divided into discuss prior art:
Mode of heating one: hygroscopic agent is placed in transparent vessel, heats hygroscopic agent with solar radiation.
The large patent CN2218770Y " solar energy device for fetching water from air " learning CHOU Qiao Li etc. of middle state science and technology, Shanghai Communications University king is as the patent CN1131358C " solar energy adsorption type air moisture drawing mechanism " of bamboo etc., the open CN101906799A " a kind of solar adsorption water making pipe " of patent application of Shanghai University of Science and Technology Zhao Hui loyalty etc., the international publication WO2005/116349 " Method for extracting water from air, and device therefore " of Amada Co., Ltd. Kang You, the international publication WO96/09443 " A method and a device for recovering water from a humid atmosphere " of Norway researcher P.K. Krumsvik, S.A. the Russ P RU2230858 " Method of preparation of water from atmospheric air in arid regions by use of solar energy " of Petrov etc., A. the German patent DE 1010798 " Verfahren und vorrichtung zur wassergewinnung " of Beil is representative art.Solar energy is clean energy resource, uses solar energy neither to consume fossil fuel, does not discharge pollutants again.Therefore, the prior art of this problem mostly have employed solar energy heating.But there is following problem in the mode of solar radiation heating:
(1) heat uneven: the hygroscopic agent bed surface energy being subject to solar irradiation accesses and heats faster, and the hygroscopic agent not being subject to solar irradiation especially then heats up slowly bed inside, and moisture desorb is more difficult.
(2) heating-up temperature is low: the wall of transparent vessel does not have insulation layer, and convect h heat waste is comparatively large, and hygroscopic agent constantly outwardly dissipated heat again while absorption solar radiation energy, therefore hygroscopic agent is difficult to reach higher temperature.
(3) steam reduces the transparency of transparent vessel: because transparent vessel wall directly contacts with extraneous moving air, wall surface temperature is lower, and the steam that hygroscopic agent desorb produces, sometimes in the condensation of transparent vessel internal face, reduces the transparency of transparent vessel.
(4) stuctures and properties of influenced by solar hygroscopic agent: be deposited in transparent vessel at hygroscopic agent, when its inner air not easily circulates, accept solar radiation for a long time and may make hygroscopic agent bed surface hot-spot, destroy its microcellular structure, cause moisture pick-up properties to decline.Especially when the solar radiation direct irradiation hygroscopic agent that snoot focuses on, hygroscopic agent is easily caused to cross cause thermal damage.
Mode of heating two: hygroscopic agent is placed in opaque containers, solar radiation heating container wall or absorber plate, then conduct heat to hygroscopic agent.
Representative art has the open CN103469848A " a kind of solar air water intake system " of patent application of the patent CN102936912B of international publication WO03/025295 " Method and apparatus for producing potable drinking water from air " (Fig. 5 embodiment wherein), the Shanghai Communications University Bai Zeyu etc. of Canadian Studies personnel N. Arrison " solar air absorption type desert water intaking traveling bag ", Zhao Huizhong.Because opaque containers wall is exposed in ambient air, even if there is the irradiation of strong sunshine, opaque containers wall generally can only reach the temperature (when not using snoot) of 60 to 80 DEG C, temperature required lower than the remarkable desorb of hygroscopic agent.There is the problems such as heating-up temperature is low, temperature distributing disproportionation is even equally.The wherein one side of the hygroscopic agent bed that the patent of Bai Zeyu etc. describes directly contacts with blue titanium solar baffle, blue titanium solar baffle by after solar radiation heat temperature raising again by heat conduction to hygroscopic agent bed.But the coefficient of thermal conductivity of hygroscopic material is less (such as, the coefficient of thermal conductivity of silica gel is only 0.14 W/mK), hygroscopic agent bed internal heat transfer poor performance, hygroscopic agent heat up and desorb comparatively slow.
Mode of heating three: the hot water that solar water heater produces passes into and is embedded in heat exchange coil in hygroscopic agent bed to heat hygroscopic agent.
Use having of this mode of heating: the international publication WO99/66136 " Method and apparatus for extracting water from atmospheric air " of water technology MAS Co., Ltd of Israel, Chinese patent CN2885942Y " utilizes the air water fetching device of natural energy ", CN202214762U " a kind of mutual adsorbed solar Wind-driven air device for fetching water from ", CN203049680U " a kind of adsorption air water-intaking equipment utilizing phase-change material ", CN202945638U " water-deficient area solar energy water-trapping system ".The hot water temperature that solar water heater produces is generally lower than 80 DEG C, hygroscopic agent can only be heated to about 50 to 70 DEG C after hot water passes into the heat exchange coil be embedded in hygroscopic agent bed, under this temperature range, the hygroscopic agent of some kind can marginally, desorb lentamente.In general, the effect passing into the mode of heating of hot water is poor, and its producing water ratio (aquifer yield of hygroscopic agent every day of Unit Weight) is lower.
Mode of heating four: electric power is heating energy source.
US Patent No. 20140150651 " System and procedure for extracting water from the environment " have employed revolving bed dehydrating breather and magnetron heater, and equipment is comparatively complicated and expensive.Fig. 3 embodiment of the international publication WO2011/062554 " Device and method for absorbing water from gas " of Airwatergreen company of Sweden, the international publication WO03/025295 of N. Arrison and Harbin Institute of Technology Li Song are brilliant etc. the open CN103225331A of patent application " micro-fluidic air water fetching device and adopt the method for fetching water of this water fetching device " have employed electrical heating, and heating face or the heat transfer fin be embedded in hygroscopic agent bed of hygroscopic agent and electric heater contact and heated.But hygroscopic agent itself is the non-conductor of heat, and heat resisting temperature is lower.Those hygroscopic agents contacted with the heating face of electric heater are easy crosses cause thermal damage, and those hygroscopic agents do not contacted with heating face or the fin that conducts heat are difficult to be heated, and cause its desorb difficulty, and efficiency of producing drinking water is lower.
If the efficiency of producing drinking water of existing air water-intaking technology can be improved, moisture laden air is likely as the useful water source of water-deficient area.But the producing water ratio of prior art is on the low side, and device structure is complicated, bulky, somewhat expensive, power consumption are large.Although without the need to electricity consumption when adopting solar energy heating, the operation of various auxiliary equipment (as blower fan) still needs electricity consumption.But, lack the occasion of fresh water (such as, desert, plateau, island, seagoing vessel, Offshore Units, land field work, the rural area being on garrison duty, failing to set up water system and outlying district, drought, other nature or non-natural disaster spot etc.) be also the occasion lacking supply of electric power usually, need the wet air condensation water maker of electricity consumption generally also cannot run.Above-mentioned a variety of causes makes current air water-intaking technology only obtain application in indivedual occasion.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air had compared with high yield water rate.On this basis, further object of the present utility model is to provide the simple and with low cost equipment collecting water from surrounding air of a kind of structure.Further object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air that also can run when not having supply of electric power.On above-mentioned basis, further object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air be convenient for carrying.
It is mainly rely on heat transfer mechanism that the utility model thinks that the lower basic reason of prior art producing water ratio is that heater heat passes to hygroscopic agent bed.Such as, in the CN102936912B of aforesaid mode of heating two, the one side of hygroscopic agent bed directly contacts with blue titanium solar baffle, conducts to hygroscopic agent bed after solar radiation energy is converted into heat energy by blue titanium solar baffle; In the WO99/66136 of mode of heating three, hot water passes into the heat exchange coil be embedded in hygroscopic agent bed, and the surface of these heat exchange coils directly contacts heat conduction to hygroscopic agent bed with hygroscopic agent; In Fig. 3 embodiment of the WO03/025295 of mode of heating four, hygroscopic agent directly contacts with the heating face of electric heater, and heat conducts from heating face to hygroscopic agent bed.
Consider that the coefficient of thermal conductivity of hygroscopic agent is less, heat resisting temperature is lower, desorption rate comparatively slow (micropore of hygroscopic agent granule interior is diffused as rate determining step), the caloric receptivity factor such as larger when moisture is converted into gaseous state from ADSORPTION STATE, design of the present utility model is: be that hygroscopic agent does not directly contact with the heating face of heater by apparatus arrangement, gas is circulated between hygroscopic agent and heater, the heat utilizing the heat convection of recyclegas to be provided by heater passes to hygroscopic agent bed, and do not flow through miscellaneous equipment (as condenser) at the recyclegas circulating the overwhelming majority in process.In the utility model design, heater heat passes to hygroscopic agent bed is the convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection mechanism mainly relying on gas.It can be the inside being confined to the container loading hygroscopic agent that gas circulates between hygroscopic agent and heater, is inner loop mode; Can also flow through the outside of the container loading hygroscopic agent, be outer circulation mode.The motive force that gas circulates between hygroscopic agent and heater can be the natural convection that density contrast that the temperature difference of heater to gas-heated causes causes, and is natural convection mode; Can also be driven by blower fan, be forced convection mode.Heater can be any type of firing equipment or external heat source.Therefore, the utility model contains many technical schemes with practical value.
A kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air, comprise moisture absorption unit, heater, condenser, described condenser is provided with condensate drain outlet, described moisture absorption unit connects described heater and described condenser respectively, and the heating being arranged as described heater can impel the gas between described moisture absorption unit and the heating face of described heater to circulate between described moisture absorption unit and the heating face of described heater, to make described heater by circulating current to described moisture absorption unit heating.
Further, described heater is solar energy collector.
Further, described moisture absorption unit comprises container and is placed in the hygroscopic agent in described container, and described container connects described solar energy collector and described condenser respectively.
Further, also comprise ventilating box, described hygroscopic agent is placed in described ventilating box, and described ventilating box is placed in described container.
Alternatively, described solar energy collector is several vacuum solar collector tubes (in this patent, vacuum solar collector tubes is referred to as vacuum tubes), and described container connects several vacuum solar collector tubes described.
Alternatively, described solar energy collector is vacuum solar collector tubes, described container is the interior pipe of described vacuum solar collector tubes, described ventilating box is cylindric, described ventilating box is placed in the inside of the interior pipe of described vacuum solar collector tubes, has space between the internal face of the interior pipe of described ventilating box and described vacuum solar collector tubes.In the present embodiment, the wall of the interior pipe of vacuum solar collector tubes is heating face, vacuum solar collector tubes is the container loading hygroscopic agent simultaneously, and circulating between the internal face of gas pipe in hygroscopic agent and vacuum solar collector tubes, is natural convection Inner eycle mode of heating.
Alternatively, the top and bottom of described container are communicated with the top and bottom of described solar energy collector respectively.In the present embodiment, the solar absorption panels of solar energy collector is heating face, and gas circulates between the container loading hygroscopic agent and the solar absorption panels of solar energy collector, is natural convection external circulation heating mode.
Further, air inlet port, valve, exhaust opening is disposed with from the connecting pipe of upper end to the upper end of described solar energy collector of described container, be disposed with air inlet port, valve from the connecting pipe of lower end to the lower end of described solar energy collector of described container, described air inlet port and described exhaust opening are also provided with valve.
Further, described solar energy collector is several vacuum solar collector tubes or several flat solar heat collectors, several vacuum solar collector tubes described connection parallel with one another, several flat solar heat collectors described connection parallel with one another.
Alternatively, described solar energy collector is flat solar heat collector or greenhouse, described container is described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse, described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse have transparent cover plate and solar absorption panels, described hygroscopic agent is placed on the inside in described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse, has space between described hygroscopic agent and described solar absorption panels.In the present embodiment, solar absorption panels is heating face, and flat solar heat collector or greenhouse are the containers loading hygroscopic agent simultaneously, and gas circulates between hygroscopic agent and solar absorption panels, is natural convection Inner eycle mode of heating.It should be noted that, extend to for the definition of the container loading hygroscopic agent in this patent and comprise structure.
Further, also comprise insulating board, described insulating board is between described hygroscopic agent and described solar absorption panels, there is space between described insulating board and described solar absorption panels, between the top and bottom of described insulating board and the internal face in described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse, also have space.
The above-mentioned heating desorption collecting the hygroscopic agent of the equipment of water from surrounding air utilizes solar energy, gas circulate as natural convection, do not relate to the component of any demand, be suitable for the occasion not having supply of electric power.
The utility model also provides a kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air of forced convection mode of heating, comprise moisture absorption unit, heater, blower fan, condenser, described condenser is provided with condensate drain outlet, described moisture absorption unit connects described heater and described condenser respectively, described moisture absorption unit connected respectively by described blower fan and described heater also can impel gas to circulate between described moisture absorption unit and the heating face of described heater, to make described heater by circulating current to described moisture absorption unit heating.Described blower fan can be that motor drives (power source is powered in mains supply or conventional fuel generator powered or new and renewable sources of energy such as solar energy, wind energy, power generation with marine energy equipment); Described blower fan can also be that natural energy drives (such as, wind energy drives windmill, and windmill drives blower fan by transmission mechanism).
Further, described heater is solar energy collector or solar energy collector array.
Further, described moisture absorption unit comprises container and is placed in the hygroscopic agent in described container, and described container connects described solar energy collector and described condenser respectively.
Further, the exhaust opening of described blower fan connects the inlet end of described solar energy collector or solar energy collector array by pipeline, the exhaust end of described solar energy collector or solar energy collector array connects the air intake of described container by pipeline, the air outlet of described container connects the air inlet port of described blower fan by pipeline.
Further, described condenser turns on to form condensation branch road on the pipeline between described moisture absorption unit and described blower fan by pipeline parallel connection, and described condensation branch road is provided with valve enters described condenser from described moisture absorption unit gas flow with restriction.
Above embodiment is that heater section and hygroscopic agent and other parts are assembled together formed a complete set of equipment.The utility model also provides following a kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air, does not comprise heater section, can, according to physical condition, use different heaters or external heat source to carry out heating desorption hygroscopic agent:
A kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air, it is characterized in that, comprise hygroscopic agent, container, condenser, described condenser is provided with condensate drain outlet, described hygroscopic agent is placed in described container, described condenser connected by described container, and described container can impel the gas in container to form circulating current between container heating surface and described hygroscopic agent by absorbing external heat, passes to described hygroscopic agent to make external heat by circulating current.
Further, also comprise ventilating box, described hygroscopic agent is placed in described ventilating box, and described ventilating box is placed in described container.
Further, also comprise solar cooker, described solar cooker is for heating described container.
Further, the heating surface of described container has recess.
Further, the opening part of the recess of the heating surface of described container has flat board, and described flat board is porose, and solar radiation is focused to the spot diameter of the bottom of described container by the snoot that the diameter in described hole is equivalent to described solar cooker.
Further, the opening part of the recess of the heating surface of described container has transparent panel, and described transparent panel has bleeder port.
Further, the transparent jacket sheets matched with the profile of described container is also comprised.
Above-mentioned embodiment all has common feature, and be exactly that heater heating face avoided by hygroscopic agent, and gas is circulated between hygroscopic agent and heater heating face, the heat utilizing the heat convection of gas to be provided by heater passes to hygroscopic agent bed.The beneficial effect of this kind of apparatus arrangement mode is: (1) hygroscopic agent bed can be heated uniformly: the average grain diameter of common hygroscopic agent is about 5mm, hygroscopic agent bed voidage is about 0.4, heater is by gas-heated, then hot gas is flowed into the inside of hygroscopic agent bed by hygroscopic agent particle voids, and the various piece of hygroscopic agent bed can be made to be heated all uniformly.(2) surface temperature in heater heating face can far above the heat resisting temperature of hygroscopic agent: because apparatus arrangement is that the face that generate heat does not directly contact hygroscopic agent with heater, so heater generates heat, the surface temperature in face can there will not be far above the heat resisting temperature of hygroscopic agent the phenomenon that hygroscopic agent hot-spot is damaged.(3) hygroscopic agent bed can be heated up fast: because heater heating face can adopt higher temperature, heat transfer temperature difference is larger, rapidly cold air can be heated to be hot gas, hot gas flows into after hygroscopic agent bed heats hygroscopic agent lowers the temperature as cold air, cold air circulation enters heater, be heated to be hot gas again, again flow into hygroscopic agent bed and heat hygroscopic agent, so move in circles, a large amount of heats can be passed to hygroscopic agent bed inner, whole hygroscopic agent bed is heated up fast, the moisture adsorbed is by promptly, desorb fully, the steam that desorb produces is condensed into liquid water, higher producing water ratio can be obtained.Other beneficial effect of various specific embodiments of the present utility model will be described in detail below in an example.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air that embodiment 1 adopts complete glass vacuum sun thermal-collecting tube.
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air that embodiment 2 adopts glass-to-metal seal formula vacuum solar collector tubes.
Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air that embodiment 3 adopts single flow vacuum solar collector tubes.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air that embodiment 4 adopts flat plate collector.
Fig. 7 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air that embodiment 5 adopts greenhouse.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air that embodiment 6 adopts solar heat collector array.
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air that embodiment 7 adopts solar cooker.
Symbol description:
1 hygroscopic agent
The ventilating box of 101 hygroscopic agents or orifice plate
The leg of the ventilating box of 102 hygroscopic agents
The strutbeam of the ventilating box of 103 hygroscopic agents
2 containers or structure
The lid of 201 containers or structure or vent cap
The recess of the heating surface of 202 containers
3 condenser coils or condenser
The condensate drain outlet of 301 condenser coils or condenser
4 water tanks
The draining valve of 401 water tanks
The outlet valve of 402 water tanks
The water gage of 403 water tanks
5 vacuum solar collector tubes
The interior pipe of 501 vacuum solar collector tubes
The outer tube of 502 vacuum solar collector tubes
The Optical Solar Reflector of 503 vacuum solar collector tubes
The support of 504 vacuum solar collector tubes
The upper union of 505 vacuum solar collector tubes
The lower union of 506 vacuum solar collector tubes
6 flat plate collectors or greenhouse
The transparent cover plate in 601 flat plate collectors or greenhouse
The clear glass in 602 flat plate collectors or greenhouse is cotton
The solar absorption panels in 603 flat plate collectors or greenhouse
The radiated rib of the solar absorption panels in 604 flat plate collectors or greenhouse
The front insulating board in 605 flat plate collectors or greenhouse
The rear insulating board in 606 flat plate collectors or greenhouse
The wall in 607 flat plate collectors or greenhouse
The snoot of 701 solar cookers
The pot circle of 702 solar cookers
8 solar radiations
9 blower fans
10 auxiliary heaters
11,11A, 11B strainer
12,12A, 12B air intake
13 air outlets
14 ~ 27,28A, 28B valve.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the utility model is further described.Wherein, accompanying drawing only for exemplary illustration, expression be only schematic diagram, but not pictorial diagram, can not be interpreted as the restriction to this patent; In order to embodiment of the present utility model is described better, some parts of accompanying drawing have omission, zoom in or out, and do not represent the size of actual product; For a person skilled in the art, in accompanying drawing, some known features and explanation thereof may be omitted is understandable.
The corresponding same or analogous parts of same or analogous label in the accompanying drawing of the utility model embodiment; In description of the present utility model, it will be appreciated that, if have term " on ", D score, "left", "right", " vertically ", the orientation of the instruction such as " level " or position relationship be for based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore the term describing position relationship in accompanying drawing, only for exemplary illustration, can not be interpreted as the restriction to this patent.
The example data that the data enumerated in the utility model embodiment are only used to embodiment of the present utility model is described better and provide, except as otherwise noted, does not form any restriction to the utility model claim.
In addition, if there is the term such as " first ", " second ", only for describing object, and instruction or hint relative importance can not be interpreted as, for the ordinary skill in the art, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term can be understood as the case may be.
embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, be the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air adopting complete glass vacuum sun thermal-collecting tube a kind of in the utility model.See Fig. 1, in the present embodiment, the hygroscopic agent 1 that moisture absorption unit comprises container 2 and is placed in described container 2, and heater is solar energy collector, particularly, is all-glass vacuum solar collector tubes 5.Hygroscopic agent 1 is placed in ventilating box 101, and hygroscopic agent 1 is particle silica gel, and particle diameter is 5 ~ 8mm, and hygroscopic agent useful load is 1kg, and void content is about 0.4.Ventilating box 101 stainless steel cloth or other gas permeable material make, and profile can be cylindrical, square or other shape, and stainless steel wire mesh is less than hygroscopic agent particle diameter.Ventilating box 101 also has leg 102, also can be breathed freely in the bottom of ventilating box 101.Ventilating box 101 is placed in the container 2 that matches with the profile of ventilating box 101, and opening is arranged at container 2 top, for putting into and take out the ventilating box 101 being mounted with hygroscopic agent 1.The opening of container 2 matches with lid 201, and has screw thread and O-ring seals sealing.Gas outlet on lid 201 is connected with condenser coil 3 by pipeline.Each wall of container 2 has insulation layer, lid 201 also has insulation layer, the air flow direction connecting the gas outlet of lid 201 and the pipeline of condenser coil 3 is have insulation layer approximately towards upper and part that is level, and the steam produced to prevent hygroscopic agent desorb is condensed into water at these positions and blows back into container 2.
The bottom serial connection vacuum solar collector tubes 5 of container 2, junction has gas-tight seal as O RunddichtringO.The performance of vacuum solar collector tubes 5 meets national standard " complete glass vacuum sun thermal-collecting tube " (GB/T 17049-2005), comprise glass inner tube 501(internal diameter Φ 47mm, thickness 1.6mm) and outer glass tube 502(external diameter Φ 58mm, thickness 1.6mm), length is 1.5m.Be vacuum between interior pipe 501 and outer tube 502, the rete of selective absorption solar radiation on interior pipe 501.Optical Solar Reflector 503 is cylinder paraboloid, can by the solar light focusing of incidence to interior pipe 501 (as shown in Figure 2).Interior pipe 501 towards sunshine incident direction while be subject to direct irradiation of sunlight, dorsad sunshine incident direction be subject to the irradiation of sunshine that Optical Solar Reflector 503 focuses on.
The operating process of this equipment is as follows: putting into container 2 by being mounted with absorbed air moisture close to the ventilating box 101 of saturated hygroscopic agent 1, covering and screwing lid 201.Make this one end of container 2 of this equipment upper, the other end under, the axis of vacuum tube 5 is approximately perpendicular to sunshine incident direction, adjustment Optical Solar Reflector 503, and make solar light focusing on interior pipe 501, interior pipe 501 absorbs solar radiation energy.Owing to being vacuum between interior pipe 501 and outer tube 502, interior pipe 501 convect h heat waste is outwardly minimum, and the overwhelming majority of the solar radiation energy that interior pipe 501 absorbs, for heating the air of interior pipe 501 inside, makes the air of interior pipe 501 inside heat up gradually.When atmosphere temperature rising, its volume expansion, pressure increase, thus force the colder air in the container 2 that communicates with vacuum tube 5 to be discharged into air by the gas outlet of lid 201 and the condensate drain outlet 301 of condenser coil 3, now, the condensate drain outlet 301 of condenser 3 is also used as exhaust opening.Meanwhile, the hot air of vacuum tube 5 inside flows into the particulate interspaces of hygroscopic agent 1.Because air is heated at the wall place of interior pipe 501, the air of heat can upwards flow, and cold air flows down, natural convection appears in the air of interior pipe 501 and container 2 inside, and its effect is that the solar radiation heat that interior pipe 501 absorbs is passed to hygroscopic agent 1.When hygroscopic agent 1 is warming up to about 60 DEG C, institute's adsorption moisture starts a small amount of desorb; When intensification reaches about 100 DEG C, adsorption moisture is desorb significantly, produces a large amount of steam.When the water transform of ADSORPTION STATE is steam, the volume of water significantly increases, and makes pressure increase in container 2, orders about steam and enters condenser coil 3 by the gas outlet of lid 201 and be condensed into liquid water.Then under gravity, liquid water is discharged from condensate drain outlet 301, the condensed water that available other container collection is discharged from condensate drain outlet 301.Continue aforesaid operations until evaporated condensation water is discharged, namely desorption process comes to an end.Can uncap 201, take out the ventilating box 101 being mounted with the hygroscopic agent 1 of desorb, the moisture of absorbed air is carried out again in the place placing it in air circulation.The moisture of hygroscopic agent 1 absorbed air, close to after saturated, again put into container 2 and is carried out above-mentioned desorption operations.
In general, during wet weather, silica gel is placed on outdoor, only needs within 3 to 5 hours, reach capacity with regard to adsorbable moisture.But when dry weather or silica gel are placed on the bad place of room ventilation, then need tens of little could be saturated up to a couple of days.Therefore, often the equipment of from surrounding air collecting water of cover described by the present embodiment should be equipped with several ventilating boxes 101, each in-built silica gel 1kg, be placed on ventilation, saturatedly (can determine whether saturated by weight method until adsorb, the Saturated Moisture Content of silica gel can reach 40% of silica gel own wt, or puts a small amount of discolour silica gel to indicate water content at the upper epidermis of silica gel), then carry out desorption operations in turn according to above method of operating.The adsorption-desorption operation cycle of described equipment can adjust flexibly according to actual needs.
In the present embodiment, in absorption phase, owing to have employed the mode of multiple ventilating box absorbed air moisture for a long time, hygroscopic agent can fully, long enough contacts until adsorption moisture reaches capacity with air temporally.Hygroscopic agent can adsorb from surrounding air reach own wt 40% moisture be because: the first, hygroscopic agent is micropore class material, has huge internal surface area; The second, these inner surfaces there are many unsaturated bonds (i.e. active sites); 3rd, the character of these active sites is optionally adsorbed water molecules, and few adsorption of oxygen and nitrogen molecule.In desorption phase, first, owing to the glass inner tube 501 of vacuum tube 5 having the rete of selective absorbing solar radiation, therefore, it is possible to absorb solar radiation energy efficiently, and the insulation layer that vacuum between the interior pipe 501 of vacuum tube 5 and outer tube 502 and container 2 thereof have can guarantee that this equipment convect h heat waste is outwardly minimum, the solar radiation energy absorbed is close to all for heating the air of this device interior; Then, hot air penetrates into hygroscopic agent 1 by the mode of natural convection, and hygroscopic agent 1 can be heated and desorb equably, fully; Finally, owing to having higher temperature and pressure in container 2, the overwhelming majority of the steam that desorb produces enters condenser coil 3 condensation and carrys out product fluid water.
In the present embodiment, although what describe is silica gel, the hygroscopic agent of other kind also can be selected as the mixture of activated alumina, zeolite molecular sieve, calcium chloride, potassium chloride, lithium chloride etc. or two or more hygroscopic agent; Although adopt screw thread and O-ring seals to seal coordinating between container 2 with lid 201, sealing such as bolt and the gasket seal etc. of other form are also suitable for; Although what select is complete glass vacuum sun thermal-collecting tube, the solar heat collector of other kind as hot pipe type vacuum solar heat collector, to be also suitable for core retainer plate tubular type vacuum solar collector tubes etc. and (to it should be noted that, although each embodiment of the present utility model only adopts heater or the solar energy collector of certain form, heater or the solar energy collector of other form are suitable for too); Although Optical Solar Reflector 503 have employed cylinder paraboloid, reflector such as cylinder specular reflector, the composite mirrors investigation on several focus reflectors etc. of other type are also suitable for; Although have employed condenser coil 3, condenser such as shell and tube condenser, the dull and stereotyped rib-type condenser etc. of other form also can be selected.Above-mentioned explanation is applicable to all detailed description of the invention of the present utility model.
The present embodiment does not use blower fan, valve, instrument etc., without the need to electricity consumption.Involved vacuum solar collector tubes can select commercially available vacuum solar collector tubes finished product.Current vacuum solar collector tubes has been widely used in various solar energy equipment as solar water heater, and vacuum tube price is more cheap.Silica gel (silica-gel desiccant) is common chemical products.Commercially available complete glass vacuum sun thermal-collecting tube generally uses high-boron-silicon glass manufacture, has higher mechanical strength.The present embodiment can also be set up transparent plastic protective sleeve and carry and the safety in operating process to improve this equipment outside complete glass vacuum sun thermal-collecting tube.
In sum, the advantage of the present embodiment be that producing water ratio is higher, structure is simple, with low cost, have very large flexibility without the need to electricity consumption, adsorption-desorption operation cycle.
embodiment 2
The present embodiment is similar to Example 1, and its difference is, hygroscopic agent 1 is placed in the inside of vacuum solar collector tubes and externally connects described condenser.As shown in Figures 3 and 4, be the schematic diagram collecting the equipment of water from surrounding air adopting glass-to-metal seal formula vacuum solar collector tubes a kind of in the utility model.The glass-to-metal seal formula vacuum solar collector tubes 5 meeting GB " vacuum tube type solar energy heat collector technical condition " (GB/T 17581-2006) comprises metal inner pipe 501(internal diameter Φ 78mm) and outer glass tube 502(external diameter Φ 90mm, thickness 1.6mm), length 1.5m.Hygroscopic agent 1 is placed in ventilating box 101, and hygroscopic agent 1 is particle silica gel, average grain diameter 5mm, useful load 3kg.Ventilating box 101 profile is cylindrical (external diameter Φ 60mm, length 1.48m), and has several legs 102, keeps there is space for making ventilating box 101 between the internal face of interior pipe 501.Lid 201 there are two escape pipes, be connected with gas outlet, top with the gas outlet, bottom in ventilating box 101 respectively, and be connected with condenser coil 3 by pipeline, condenser coil 3 is connected with water tank 4, and water tank 4 is provided with outlet valve 401, draining valve 402, water-level gauge 403.
The hygroscopic agent desorption operations of this equipment has following three kinds of methods:
(1) Full-open pattern:
In desorption phase, outlet valve 401 is opened always.When solar energy heating vacuum tube 5 starts to heat up, open valve 14, under gas heating boosting, (hygroscopic agent 1 of vacuum tube 5 lower end is the minimum temperature point of this device interior to discharge the comparatively cold air being positioned at the hygroscopic agent 1 of vacuum tube 5 lower end, discharge when equipment heats up herein compared with cold air instead of discharge the comparatively hot air of vacuum tube 5 upper end and can reduce heat waste, accelerate programming rate).When hygroscopic agent 1 heating desorption, due to steam lta, higher at the water vapor concentration on vacuum tube 5 top.Valve-off 14, opens valve 15, allows steam enter condenser coil 3, and condensed water flows into water tank 4.Continue heating and make hygroscopic agent 1 fully desorb, observe water-level gauge 403, when water level no longer raises, desorb terminates, stop heating (if desorb complete after hygroscopic agent continue that heating is easy crosses cause thermal damage).
In this mode, due to equipment straight-through air all the time, device interior pressure is normal pressure or a little more than normal pressure, non-pressure equipment (all-glass vacuum tube as embodiment 1) is relatively applicable to this method of operating.The shortcoming of the method sometimes occurs that moisture discharge is lost.Such as, when ambient air temperature is 35 DEG C, be discharged to the steam of condenser coil 3 and air mixture is roughly cooled to about 45 DEG C at condenser coil 3 from vacuum tube 5, now part steam can be discharged into air through outlet valve 401 and slattern.In addition, after equipment increasing temperature and pressure, constantly can discharge a small amount of steam and air mixture through outlet valve 401, cause air in equipment fewer and feweri, the steam that desorb produces gets more and more, and is unfavorable for the thorough desorb of hygroscopic agent.
(2) totally-enclosed pattern:
In desorption phase, outlet valve 401 is closed always.Solar energy heating makes vacuum tube 5 increasing temperature and pressure, opens valve 14, and cold air enters condenser coil 3 and water tank 4, and condenser coil 3 and water tank 4 are also boosted.When hygroscopic agent 1 desorb, valve-off 14, opens valve 15, and the steam that hygroscopic agent 1 desorb produces enters condenser coil 3, and condensed water flows into water tank 4.Continue heating, when the water level of water tank 4 no longer raises, desorb terminates.
In this mode, in equipment, pressure is higher, and bearing device (the glass-to-metal seal formula vacuum tube as the present embodiment) can adopt this method of operating.The advantage of the method does not have moisture discharge to lose completely, and hygroscopic agent can thoroughly desorb.
(2) opening-closed mode:
When starting desorb, open outlet valve 401 and valve 14, solar energy heating makes vacuum tube 5 increasing temperature and pressure, and part cold air is discharged to air.When hygroscopic agent 1 desorb, close outlet valve 401 and valve 14, open valve 15, the steam that hygroscopic agent 1 desorb produces enters condenser coil 3, and condensed water flows into water tank 4.Continue heating, when the water level of water tank 4 no longer raises, desorb terminates.The advantage of the method is that steam loss is less, is conducive to the thorough desorb of hygroscopic agent.
Full-open, totally-enclosed or opening-hands-off operation method can be selected according to actual conditions (especially equipment whether pressure-bearing).The above-mentioned explanation about method of operating is applicable to all detailed description of the invention of the present utility model.
In the present embodiment, the arrangement of equipment makes hygroscopic agent 1 be that in relying on, the natural convection of pipe 501 inner air is heated, and be not rely on hygroscopic agent 1 to heat with the heat transfer that the wall of interior pipe 501 directly contacts, the beneficial effect of this apparatus arrangement mode of the present utility model is below described.
The hot property of vacuum solar collector tubes is commonly used stagnation parameter to weigh: Y=(T s– T a)/H>=0.195 m 2dEG C/W, wherein, Y is stagnation parameter, m 2dEG C/W; T sfor air drying temperature, DEG C; T afor environment temperature, DEG C; H is solar irradiance, W/m 2.Assuming that when fine day average solar irradiance H=950 W/m 2, environment temperature T a=30 DEG C.According to above formula, the air drying temperature T of vacuum tube s>=215 DEG C.It is because the rete energy efficient absorption solar radiation energy on vacuum tube that vacuum tube can reach more than 215 DEG C temperature, and the convect h heat waste of its vacuum interlayer is minimum.See Fig. 3, gap is had to allow the mode of natural convection air between ventilating box 101 and interior pipe 501 if not adopting, but adopt the hygroscopic agent 1 of 3kg to spread when the mode of interior pipe 501 inside, most of internal face of interior pipe 501 will cover by hygroscopic agent 1, now, interior pipe 501 is outwards for vacuum interlayer can not dispel the heat, inwardly for the coefficient of thermal conductivity of hygroscopic agent 1(hygroscopic agent 1 is only 0.14 W/mK) be also difficult to heat radiation, interior pipe 501 is by overheated, cause the rete of selective absorbing solar radiation to damage, come off, vacuum tube 5 lost efficacy.On the other hand, the temperature of those hygroscopic agent particles directly contacted with interior pipe 501 will reach more than 215 DEG C, close to or exceed the heat resisting temperature of silica gel, this part overheated hygroscopic agent will damage.Meanwhile, those the hygroscopic agent particles do not contacted with pipe 501 wall being positioned at pipe 501 bosom position only rely on hygroscopic agent bed heat transfer but can only be heated slowly.
Consider the problems referred to above, the apparatus arrangement mode of the present embodiment has space between hygroscopic agent 1 and interior pipe 501, and interior pipe 501 adds hot air, and hot air enters ventilating box 101 and heats hygroscopic agent 1 and become cold air, and cold air is heated by interior pipe 501 again.This arrangement makes each several part in whole hygroscopic agent bed can both obtain all evenly heating fast.
It should be noted that, all embodiments of the present utility model all have the substantive distinguishing features of above-mentioned hygroscopic agent arrangement, and its principle is identical with effect, will repeat no more in following examples.
Above-mentioned explanation is applicable to the heater of other form of employing of the present utility model or all detailed description of the invention of external heat source.
The NM part of the present embodiment is similar to Example 1, repeats no more herein.
embodiment 3
The present embodiment is similar with enforcement 1 example, and its difference is, vacuum solar collector tubes is single flow vacuum solar collector tubes, and described container 2 is connected with eight vacuum solar collector tubes parallel connections and is connected in series with condenser by pipeline.As shown in Figure 5, be a kind of equipment schematic diagram collecting water from surrounding air adopting single flow vacuum solar collector tubes of the present utility model.Hygroscopic agent 1(is about 10kg) bulk storage is in container 2, and four single flow vacuum solar collector tubes are arranged side by side at the side of container 2, and other four vacuum tube chains are listed in opposite side.The interior pipe 501 of each vacuum tube and the upper end of container 2 thereof are connected with upper union 505, and lower end is connected with lower union 506.Optical Solar Reflector 503 is arranged on after vacuum tube.The connecting pipe of container 2 upper end is provided with air inlet port 12A, in have the air intake filter 11A of filter membrane and valve 28A(installation direction to be from paper to the back lower place), the connecting pipe of lower end is provided with air inlet port 12B, in have the air intake filter 11B of pore gauze wire cloth and valve 28B(installation direction to be from paper to the back lower place).Exhaust opening 13 and valve 18 are arranged in union 505.Condenser and water tank (not drawing in Fig. 5) are arranged on the back lower place of container 2, and the dashed circle of container 2 bottom is the conduit outlet position leading to condenser.
In wet weather situation, the operating process of equipment is as follows: open during adsorption moisture at night valve 17,18,28B, close other valve.Outside air enters from air inlet port 12B, and moisture is adsorbed by hygroscopic agent 1, and dry air is discharged through exhaust opening 13.The motive force that night, adsorption moisture Airflow moved is the stack effect that heat of adsorption makes atmosphere temperature rising bring.Open valve 16,17 morning at sunrise, close other valve.Solar irradiation heating, vacuum inner air tube, hot air in vacuum tube flows into container 2 after upwards flowing into union 505, comparatively cold air in container 2 flows into vacuum tube after flowing downward and entering lower union 506, form the natural convection of air, the solar radiation energy that vacuum tube absorbs is passed to hygroscopic agent 1, makes hygroscopic agent 1 heating desorption.After desorb completes, if still have solar irradiation, carry out adsorption moisture operation on daytime, open valve 16,18,28A, close other valve.In interior pipe 501 air the stack effect that produces by solar irradiation heat temperature raising make the outside air entered from air inlet port 12A flow through container 2, lower union 506, interior pipe 501, upper union 505 after discharge from exhaust opening 13, outside air moisture is adsorbed by hygroscopic agent 1.At dusk post sunset starts adsorption moisture operation at night, open valve 17,18,28B, close other valve, All Through The Night continues adsorption moisture.The next morning starts again above-mentioned desorption operations at sunrise.The adsorption-desorption operation cycle is 24 hours.
In dry weather situation, the operating process of equipment is as follows: open during adsorption moisture at night valve 17,18,28B, close other valve.Outside air enters from air inlet port 12B, and moisture is adsorbed by hygroscopic agent 1, and dry air is discharged through exhaust opening 13.Because air humidity content is lower, adsorb thermogenetic stack effect more weak, to be therefore difficult to reach absorption saturated for hygroscopic agent 1.Start adsorption moisture operation on daytime morning at sunrise, open valve 16,18,28A, close other valve.In interior pipe 501 air the stack effect that produces by solar irradiation heat temperature raising make the outside air entered from air inlet port 12A flow through container 2, lower union 506, interior pipe 501, upper union 505 after discharge from exhaust opening 13, outside air moisture is adsorbed by hygroscopic agent 1, continues above-mentioned adsorption moisture operation on daytime until saturated.Then open valve 16,17, close other valve, utilize solar irradiation heating, vacuum inner air tube, form the natural convection of air, make hygroscopic agent 1 desorb.The adsorption-desorption operation cycle can adjust according to actual needs.Such as, two nights of continuous adsorption and a daytime, again with a desorb on daytime (wherein, absorption at night utilizes the thermogenetic stack effect of absorption, daytime, absorption was the stack effect utilizing solar energy heating air to produce, and desorb on daytime is the natural convection circulation utilizing solar energy heating gas to produce).
In aforesaid operations, the water absorption of hygroscopic agent 1 generally with humidometer or in have the water content display instrument of discolour silica gel to indicate.These non-electric conventional instruments do not draw in Fig. 5 (and other accompanying drawing), can configure according to actual needs.
In the present embodiment, heater (vacuum solar collector tubes) is the outside being positioned at the container loading hygroscopic agent, and hot air flows to container from heater, then flow to heater from container, belongs to the outer circulation type of flow.In aforesaid embodiment 2, heater is positioned at the internal tank loading hygroscopic agent, and air circulates at internal tank, belongs to internal circulation flow mode.
The present embodiment also can be similar to such being loaded in ventilating box by hygroscopic agent of embodiment 1 and 2 and put container 2 again into, takes out again and be placed on ventilation adsorption moisture after desorb.The advantage of taking out the mode of hygroscopic agent adsorption moisture is can the multiple ventilating box of adapted, has very large flexibility in the adsorption-desorption operation cycle.The advantage arranging the mode of porting adsorption moisture of the present embodiment is as shown in Figure 5 then that cost of labor is lower slightly.All detailed description of the invention of the present utility model can adopt the mode of taking out hygroscopic agent adsorption moisture or the mode arranging porting adsorption moisture.
The object that the present embodiment adopts multiple vacuum solar collector tubes to be arranged side by side be increase daylighting area.Other embodiment of the present utility model also can adopt multiple vacuum solar collector tubes to be arranged side by side to increase daylighting area.Such as, the container 2 of embodiment 1 can be rectangle, and ventilating box 101 is the rectangle matched with container 2, and several complete glass vacuum sun thermal-collecting tubes 5 are arranged side by side, its upper end access container 2.The end face that two of rectangular tank 2 are relative can be opened, and passes into surrounding air for during hygroscopic agent adsorption moisture.
The present embodiment also can adopt the solar heat collector of other form.Such as, four single flow vacuum solar collector tubes of Fig. 5 can substitute by the flat plate collector, this flat plate collector upper end has an exhaust opening and upper union to connect, and lower end has an air inlet port and lower union to connect.
The NM part of the present embodiment is similar with above embodiment, repeats no more herein.
embodiment 4
The present embodiment and above embodiment similar, its difference is, solar energy collector is made up of flat solar heat-collection assembly, described moisture absorption unit is arranged on the inner also sealing of described flat-plate collector thus utilizes solar energy heating to form natural convection internal circulation system, and described flat plate collector is identical with the effect of the container of above-described embodiment.As shown in Figures 6 and 7, be a kind of equipment schematic diagram collecting water from surrounding air adopting flat plate collector of the present utility model.Flat plate collector 6 front portion is disposed with transparent cover plate 601, clear glass cotton 602, solar absorption panels 603 and radiated rib 604 and front insulating board 605, has space that gas can be circulated between the top and bottom of front insulating board 605 and the wall 607 of flat plate collector.Clear glass cotton 602 can reduce the radiation loss of flat plate collector 6 front portion.Solar absorption panels 603 there is high selectivity absorb the rete of solar radiation, have gas-tight seal between solar absorption panels 603 and flat plate collector wall 607, reduce the transparency of transparent cover plate 601 to prevent water steam from entering the space between solar absorption panels 603 and transparent cover plate 601.Solar absorption panels 603 and front insulating board 605 form the gas channel that gas upwards flows, and front insulating board 605 and rear insulating board 606 form the gas channel that gas flows downward.Hygroscopic agent 1 is placed in several ventilating boxes 101, and ventilating box 101 layering is placed on the strutbeam 103 at flat plate collector 6 rear portion.Flat plate collector wall 607 is arranged several vent caps 201(Fig. 6 and only draw one of them).The bottom of plate type condenser 3 is double makees water tank, has an aperture can enter condenser 3 by steam in the middle part of rear insulating board 606.When this equipment carries out desorption operations, sunshine irradiates heating solar baffle 603 through transparent cover plate 601, clear glass cotton 602, solar absorption panels 603 and radiated rib 604 add hot air, hot air between solar absorption panels 603 and front insulating board 605 upwards flows, comparatively cold air between front insulating board 605 and rear insulating board 606 flows downward, and forms the natural convection of air.One of effect of front insulating board 605 reduces the high-temperature region after solar absorption panels 603 to the direct heat transfer of hygroscopic agent bed, makes there is larger temperature difference between high-temperature region and hygroscopic agent bed, thus produce the motive force of larger gas natural convection.
This equipment can be made into all size.The size of medium size installations is as long 2m, wide 1m, thick 0.2m, hygroscopic agent useful load 35kg.Transparent cover plate should adopt double-layer glass, and solar absorption panels and radiated rib can adopt steel sheet.Small portable apparatus is of a size of: long 0.5m, wide 0.2m, thick 0.15m, hygroscopic agent useful load 2kg.Adopt light material, transparent cover plate is methyl methacrylate plate, and solar absorption panels and radiated rib are aluminium alloy plate.The present embodiment adopts the advantage of flat plate collector to be that daylighting area is relatively large, and shortcoming is that flat plate collector front portion contacts with surrounding air, and convect h heat waste is larger.In order to increase sunshine incidence, can also Optical Solar Reflector be installed in flat plate collector front portion or adopt other snoot equipment.
Compared with the outer circulation type of flow of embodiment 3, the benefit of the internal circulation flow mode of the present embodiment is compact equipment, and gas circulating flow path is shorter, and flow resistance is less.
If need as described in Example 3 utilize stack effect to carry out adsorption moisture operation on daytime like that, then the present embodiment can set up outlet valve by the flat plate collector wall between solar absorption panels 603 and front insulating board 605 above passage, and valve (butterfly valve or gate valve) is set up in gap between the upper end and flat plate collector wall 607 of front insulating board 605.
The NM part of the present embodiment is similar to Example 3, repeats no more herein.
embodiment 5
The present embodiment is similar to Example 4, and its difference is, solar energy collector is made up of greenhouse, and described greenhouse is identical with the effect of described flat solar heat collector.The equipment collecting water from surrounding air in employing greenhouse as shown in Figure 8 can be used for the occasion of loading a large amount of hygroscopic agent.The Nan Qiang in greenhouse 6 has transparent cover plate 601, daylighting area 20m 2, the useful load of hygroscopic agent 1 reaches 400kg, and layering bulk storage is on orifice plate 101.Remainder is similar to Example 4, and operating principle is identical with embodiment 4, repeats no more.
embodiment 6
Above embodiment 1 to 5 all utilizes solar energy heating, and belongs to natural convection mode, without the need to electricity consumption, is suitable for the occasion not having supply of electric power.Under the condition having supply of electric power (comprise mains supply, conventional fuel generator powered, new and renewable sources of energy such as solar energy, wind energy, power generation with marine energy equipment power), then can apply the forced convection mode (when having natural energy power set, the forced convection mode that natural energy blower fan drives can be applied) that electric fan drives.Namely can set up blower fan on the basis of above-described embodiment, and allow blower fan connect moisture absorption unit and heater respectively and to impel between moisture absorption unit and heater to form circulating current.Such as, embodiment 5(Fig. 8) front insulating board 605 below set up several circulating fans, then become forced convection inner loop mode.Embodiment 3(Fig. 5) between container 2 and upper union 505, set up a Bidirectional axial flow fan (and cancelling valve 17,28A, strainer 11A and air inlet port 12A), during desorption operations, airflow direction flows to container 2 from upper union 505, during adsorption operations, airflow direction is from container 2 to exhaust opening 13, then become forced convection outer circulation mode.
A kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air of employing vacuum solar collector array of forced convection outer circulation mode as shown in Figure 9.Every eight of the vacuum tube 5 meeting GB " glass-to-metal seal formula heat-tube vacuum solar collector pipe " (GB/T 19775-2005) is one group, the upper union 505 of heat pipe heat release section access of each vacuum tube, the upper union 505 of every eight groups is connected in series, be connected in parallel with the upper union 505 of other eight groups of vacuum tubes again, form vacuum solar collector array, total daylighting area 25.6m 2.Hygroscopic agent 1 useful load 500kg.Auxiliary heater 10 is for auxiliary heating during the cloudy day.
When adopting totally-enclosed method, this equipment operating process is as follows: open valve 20,23,25 in the morning at sunrise, valve-off 19,21,22,24, run blower fan 9, in equipment, air is by solar heat collector array applicator, hot air enters container 2 and makes hygroscopic agent 1 desorb, and the water vapor concentration in hot air increases.When water vapor concentration is increased to 60g/kg-dry air or more, control valve 21,22,23, make about 10% to 30% of recyclegas total flow to flow through condenser 3, condensed water is discharged by floss hole 301.Continue above-mentioned desorption operations until evaporated condensation water is discharged.Open valve 19,23,24 at sunset, valve-off 20,21,22,25 at dusk, run blower fan 9, the extraneous moisture laden air of All Through The Night enters from air inlet port 12, and moisture is adsorbed by hygroscopic agent 1, and dry air is discharged through exhaust opening 13.The adsorption-desorption operation cycle is 24 hours.
Under above-mentioned totally enclosed desorption operations pattern, outwardly do not discharge any gas.The gas circulated is the air originally existed based on device interior all the time.The air circulated is a kind of heat transfer medium, and the solar radiation energy that solar heat collector array is collected is delivered to hygroscopic agent; The air circulated also is a kind of carrier simultaneously, and moisture vapor transport hygroscopic agent desorb produced is to condenser.
In the present embodiment, the set-up mode of condenser and prior art have larger difference.Prior art is arranged on extract duct by condenser, and all gas all flows through condenser (be exactly the position condenser 3 of Fig. 9 being arranged on valve 23, do not have valve 23, do not have the lateral at valve 21,22 and place).And the present embodiment is 10% to 30% of the gas circulated flows through condenser 3.The beneficial effect of the condenser set-up mode of the present embodiment is below described.
The gas circulated comprises hot air and steam.The object using condenser to carry out condensation cycle gas is condensed steam, but hot air also cooled cooling simultaneously, the heat of hot air is lost.Therefore, the gas flow entering condenser is less, then heat waste is less; Contained by the gas entering condenser, water vapor concentration is higher, then heat waste is less.For example, gas is entered container 2 by after solar heat collector array applicator to about 150 DEG C of temperature, and be cooled to about 80 DEG C after sensible heat being supplied to hygroscopic agent 1 and discharge from container 2, the sensible heat being supplied to hygroscopic agent 1 is about 70 kJ/kg-dry air.The heat of desorption of moisture is 2500 kJ/kg-water.Therefore, the sensible heat that when hot air flows through hygroscopic agent 1 at every turn, per kilogram hot air is supplied to hygroscopic agent 1 is only enough to the moisture of desorption 28g.After going through 6 circulations, the water vapor concentration accumulated in the gas circulated will reach 168 g/kg-dry air and (it should be noted that, when 150 DEG C, the relative humidity of water capacity 168 g/kg-dry air is 21%RH, its impact for hygroscopic agent desorb is very little, because the steam partial pressure of hygroscopic agent inside is far above the steam partial pressure circulating gas 150 DEG C time).Under above-mentioned parameter state, allow circulate gas about 16.7% to flow through condenser 3, then equal with the steam by weight that hygroscopic agent 1 desorb produces in the weight of the water of condenser 3 condensation discharge, reach equilibrium state.16.7% heat waste flowing through condenser circulating gas is allowed to circulate much smaller than prior art the heat waste that 100% of gas all flows through condenser.
In brief, condenser set-up mode of the present utility model makes the hot air containing low concentration of water steam not enter condenser, make the fraction of the hot air containing high concentration water's steam enter condenser (all the other major parts circulate as heat transfer medium between hygroscopic agent and heater), thus decrease hot air significantly and enter the heat waste that condenser brings.The condenser set-up mode of aforesaid embodiment 1 to 5 and following embodiment 7 thereof all has the effect of similar minimizing heat waste.Such as, see Fig. 6, when solar energy heating heats up, only there is a small amount of hot air to enter condenser 3, when most hot air circulates between solar absorption panels 603 and hygroscopic agent 1, do not flow through condenser 3.Only have when hot air contain more steam make its pressure increase time, steam just enters condenser 3.
The NM part of the present embodiment is similar with above embodiment, repeats no more herein.
embodiment 7
In the area (western part as China) that solar energy resources is abundant, it is universal that solar cooker has to a certain degree.A kind of equipment collecting water from surrounding air adopting solar cooker of the present utility model as shown in Figure 10.It should be noted that, the technical scheme of the present embodiment and the difference of above-described embodiment are, the solar cooker of prior art is utilized to replace the vacuum solar collector tubes of above-described embodiment, hygroscopic agent is placed in container, condenser connected by described container, described container is impelled between container intracavity and hygroscopic agent by absorption external heat and forms circulating current, thus external heat is passed to hygroscopic agent.Because needs accept solar radiation, each wall of described container does not all have insulation layer.Particularly, as shown in Figure 10, the pot circle 702 of solar cooker is placed with container 2, the solar radiation dorsad 8 of container 2 while be provided with plate type condenser 3(to double as water tank), condenser 3 is also provided with draining valve and water gage (not shown in FIG.), gas in container 2 passes into condenser 3 by the aperture of its wall, and the bottom of container 2 has cylindrical recesses 202.
Each container 2 is furnished with several ventilating boxes 101, is placed on the moisture that outdoor ventilation place carrys out absorbed air when inside having the ventilating box 101 of hygroscopic agent 1 flat.During desorption operations, there is the ventilating box 101 of hygroscopic agent 1 put into container 2 and screw upper cover 201 by interior, container 2 is placed on pot circle 702.Adjustment solar cooker makes snoot 701 solar radiation 8 be focused to recess 202 bottom container 2.The bottom of recess 202 and wall absorb solar radiation and are heated, and in container 2, gas is heated generation natural convection, transfers heat to hygroscopic agent 1.Hygroscopic agent 1 desorb produces steam makes pressure in container 2 raise.Steam enters condenser 3 and is condensed into liquid water.
The present embodiment also can adopt bottom heating surface to be flat container 2, but the reflection of the light of Flat bottom container and convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection loss are comparatively large (because solar cooker is outdoor layout, outside air temperature is low, and wind speed is large, causes the container 2 external surface radiation loss that directly contacts with cool ambient air large).In Figure 10, the effect of container 2 base recess 202 reduces light reflection and convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection loss.Light reflection and/or convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection loss can also be reduced in the following manner further: (1) sets up one flat plate at the opening part of recess 202, there is a hole (diameter is equivalent to snoot 701 and solar radiation 8 is focused to spot diameter bottom container 2) at the center of this flat board, and make the hot spot of focusing enter recess 202 by this hole, then black-hole effect can occur, the light spot energy of focusing is all absorbed by container 2.(2) set up one piece of transparent panel at the opening part of recess 202, described transparent panel has Φ 1 ~ 2mm bleeder port, balanced for maintaining outside pressure in transparent panel.The hot spot making solar cooker focus on during desorption operations enters recess 202 by this block transparent panel, significantly can reduce convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection loss.(3) a kind of improved procedure that can be used for Flat bottom container or the jagged container of bottom tool sets up a transparent jacket sheets matched with the profile of this container.Such as, when container 2 is cylindric, the cylindrical drum of transparent jacket sheets to be upper opening, wall and bottom be transparent material, container 2 can put into the inside of transparent jacket sheets from upper opening.The effect of described transparent jacket sheets is the radiation loss of the outside wall surface reducing container 2.
Above-mentioned desorption operations, except using solar cooker, can also use other any type of firing equipment or external heat source.Such as, when using this equipment in the wild, during fine day, can solar cooker heating container 2 be used, can make a fire heating container 2 by biomass collection fuel during the cloudy day.
The advantage of the present embodiment is that producing water ratio is higher, structure is simple, with low cost, without the need to electricity consumption, be easy to carry, can use that any heater easily or external heat source carry out heating desorption flexibly, there is very large flexibility in the adsorption-desorption operation cycle.
The NM part of the present embodiment is similar with above embodiment, repeats no more herein.
Solar energy is clean energy resource, uses solar energy neither to consume fossil fuel, does not discharge pollutants again.Therefore, the equipment collecting water from surrounding air that embodiment 1 to 7 of the present utility model provides relates to and heats hygroscopic agent with solar energy collector.It should be noted that, the utility model is not limited to use solar energy collector.In essence, solar energy collector is that solar radiation energy is converted into heat energy, and the heating mainly through solar absorption panels provides heat.For the person of ordinary skill of the art, it is evident that and can utilize any type of firing equipment or external heat source with the equipment described by the utility model and/or mode to carry out the heating desorption of hygroscopic agent.Such as, electric heater, heat exchanger (heat medium can be high-temperature vapor, flue gas, conduction oil, motor exhaust, industrial exhaust heat etc.), use gas, liquid or solid fuel heater, utilize the heater of new forms of energy or regenerative resource, infrared, radio heater etc.Such as, the solar heat collector array in Fig. 9 can be substituted by the heater of other form; When utilizing the industrial exhaust heat of discharge continuously as desorb thermal source, several moisture absorption unit can be connected in parallel and the mode of each moisture absorption unit by closed circuit is connected with desorb thermal source, alternately carry out moisture absorption and the desorption operations of each moisture absorption unit, namely form the equipment collecting water continuously from surrounding air; Or use rotating bed equipment such as Dehumidifying rotary wheel also can carry out the operation of continuous print air water-intaking.The utility model can be applicable to the various forms of moisture absorption units such as fixed bed, moving bed, revolving bed.
Can configuring temperature, humidity, pressure, water level, solar irradiation sensor, PLC, electromagnetic valve, safety valve etc. in various embodiment of the present utility model, to form automation operating system aobvious and should see.
Obviously, above-described embodiment of the present utility model is only for the utility model example is clearly described, and is not the restriction to embodiment of the present utility model.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description, exhaustive without the need to also giving all embodiments here.All do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., within the protection domain that all should be included in the utility model claim.

Claims (14)

1. from surrounding air, collect the equipment of water for one kind, it is characterized in that, comprise moisture absorption unit, heater, condenser, described condenser is provided with condensate drain outlet, described moisture absorption unit connects described heater and described condenser respectively, and the heating being arranged as described heater can impel the gas between described moisture absorption unit and the heating face of described heater to circulate between described moisture absorption unit and the heating face of described heater, to make described heater by circulating current to described moisture absorption unit heating.
2. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described heater is solar energy collector.
3. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described moisture absorption unit comprises container and is placed in the hygroscopic agent in described container, and described container connects described solar energy collector and described condenser respectively.
4. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 3, is characterized in that, also comprise ventilating box, and described hygroscopic agent is placed in described ventilating box, and described ventilating box is placed in described container.
5. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to any one of claim 3 or 4, is characterized in that, described solar energy collector is several vacuum solar collector tubes, and described container connects several vacuum solar collector tubes described.
6. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described solar energy collector is vacuum solar collector tubes, described container is the interior pipe of described vacuum solar collector tubes, described ventilating box is cylindric, described ventilating box is placed in the inside of the interior pipe of described vacuum solar collector tubes, has space between the internal face of the interior pipe of described ventilating box and described vacuum solar collector tubes.
7. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to any one of claim 3 or 4, is characterized in that, the top and bottom of described container are communicated with the top and bottom of described solar energy collector respectively.
8. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, air inlet port, valve, exhaust opening is disposed with from the connecting pipe of upper end to the upper end of described solar energy collector of described container, be disposed with air inlet port, valve from the connecting pipe of lower end to the lower end of described solar energy collector of described container, described air inlet port and described exhaust opening are also provided with valve.
9. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described solar energy collector is several vacuum solar collector tubes or several flat solar heat collectors, several vacuum solar collector tubes described connection parallel with one another, several flat solar heat collectors described connection parallel with one another.
10. the equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to any one of claim 3 or 4, it is characterized in that, described solar energy collector is flat solar heat collector or greenhouse, described container is described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse, described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse have transparent cover plate and solar absorption panels, described hygroscopic agent is placed on the inside in described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse, space is had between described hygroscopic agent and described solar absorption panels, also comprise insulating board, described insulating board is between described hygroscopic agent and described solar absorption panels, space is had between described insulating board and described solar absorption panels, also space is had between the top and bottom of described insulating board and the internal face in described flat solar heat collector or greenhouse.
11. 1 kinds of equipment collecting water from surrounding air, it is characterized in that, comprise moisture absorption unit, heater, blower fan, condenser, described condenser is provided with condensate drain outlet, described moisture absorption unit connects described heater and described condenser respectively, described moisture absorption unit connected respectively by described blower fan and described heater also can impel gas to circulate between described moisture absorption unit and the heating face of described heater, to make described heater by circulating current to described moisture absorption unit heating.
12. equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, described heater is solar energy collector or solar energy collector array, described moisture absorption unit comprises container and is placed in the hygroscopic agent in described container, described container connects described solar energy collector and described condenser respectively, the exhaust opening of described blower fan connects the inlet end of described solar energy collector or solar energy collector array by pipeline, the exhaust end of described solar energy collector or solar energy collector array connects the air intake of described container by pipeline, the air outlet of described container connects the air inlet port of described blower fan by pipeline, described condenser is turned on the pipeline between described moisture absorption unit and described blower fan by pipeline parallel connection to form condensation branch road, described condensation branch road is provided with valve enters described condenser from described moisture absorption unit gas flow with restriction.
13. 1 kinds of equipment collecting water from surrounding air, it is characterized in that, comprise hygroscopic agent, container, condenser, described condenser is provided with condensate drain outlet, described hygroscopic agent is placed in described container, described condenser connected by described container, and described container can impel the gas in container to form circulating current between container heating surface and described hygroscopic agent by absorbing external heat, passes to described hygroscopic agent to make external heat by circulating current.
14. equipment collecting water from surrounding air according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, also comprise ventilating box, described hygroscopic agent is placed in described ventilating box, described ventilating box is placed in described container, also comprise solar cooker, described solar cooker, for heating described container, also comprises following at least one: the heating surface of (1) described container has recess; (2) opening part of the recess of the heating surface of described container has flat board, and described flat board is porose, and solar radiation is focused to the spot diameter of the bottom of described container by the snoot that the diameter in described hole is equivalent to described solar cooker; (3) opening part of the recess of the heating surface of described container has transparent panel, and described transparent panel has bleeder port; (4) transparent jacket sheets matched with the profile of described container is also comprised.
CN201420759394.4U 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 The equipment of water is collected from surrounding air Withdrawn - After Issue CN204252208U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104452885A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-25 广东工业大学 Equipment for collecting water from ambient air
CN109804902A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-05-28 沈宇豪 A kind of gardens trickle irrigation intake equipment
CN111321776A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-06-23 东南大学 Efficient and anti-frosting air convection controllable dew acquisition device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104452885A (en) * 2014-12-05 2015-03-25 广东工业大学 Equipment for collecting water from ambient air
CN104452885B (en) * 2014-12-05 2016-04-20 广东工业大学 The equipment of water is collected from surrounding air
WO2016086751A1 (en) * 2014-12-05 2016-06-09 广东工业大学 Device for collecting water from ambient air
CN109804902A (en) * 2019-03-25 2019-05-28 沈宇豪 A kind of gardens trickle irrigation intake equipment
CN109804902B (en) * 2019-03-25 2021-05-25 江苏翔宇灌溉设备有限公司 Water intaking equipment is driped irrigation in gardens
CN111321776A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-06-23 东南大学 Efficient and anti-frosting air convection controllable dew acquisition device

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